Refine Search

New Search

Results: 7

(searched for: doi:10.6000/1927-5951.2011.01.01.13)
Save to Scifeed
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Mujahid Farid, Ahmad Fayyaz, Ehsan Ahmed, Memona Arooj, Shafaqat Ali, Wajiha Sarfraz, Mohsin Abbas, Alia Idrees, Madiha Shahzadi, Zulakha Rasheed
Managing Plant Production Under Changing Environment pp 437-458; https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-5059-8_18

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Zahid Hyder Wadani, Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Irfan,
Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, Volume 34, pp 230-235; https://doi.org/10.1177/10105395211065647

Abstract:
Use of pesticides implicated in decrement in lung function, manifested as restrictive or obstructive dysfunction or both. Using comparative cross-sectional study design, authors conducted the study to determine an association of pesticide use with impairment in lung function (restrictive/obstructive pattern of lung function) among agricultural farmers. The data were collected using modified American Thoracic Society Division of Lung Disease (ATS-DLD-78A) questionnaire and spirometer measurements. Using multinomial logistic regression, the risk of both restrictive and obstructive lung dysfunction was found to be almost twice among pesticides users with each increasing year of exposure to pesticides (1.92 and 1.95, respectively) after adjusting for other covariates. There is a need for reliable monitoring and reporting procedures along with appropriate environmental policies and regulations for handling of pesticides. Interventional studies are needed where farmers could be trained on the proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) to limit the exposure to pesticides.
, V. Rao K., Srinivas I., M.K.Raju B., Shanker Arun K., Madhavi M., A.K. Indoria, Srinivasa Rao M., Keshava Murthy, Sammi Reddy K., et al.
Published: 28 May 2021
Soil and Tillage Research, Volume 212; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2021.105075

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Hasan Turkez, Elanur Aydin
Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Volume 63, pp 27-34; https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-63-2012-2114

Abstract:
Permethrin (PM) is a common pyrethroid pesticide used to control pests in agriculture, forestry, horticulture, health care, homes, and textile industry. It is confirmed as a strong mutagen in animals and humans. Taurine (TA) is an amino acid found in mammalian tissues that protects the cell against DNA damage. In this study, we investigated whether supplementation of human lymphocyte cultures with TA (in the concentrations of 25 μg mL-1, 50 μg mL-1and 100 μg mL-1) provided any protection against PM toxicity applied in the concentration of 200 μg mL-1. Genotoxicity was assessed using the micronucleus (MN) and sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) tests. In addition, we measured the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total oxidative stress (TOS) levels in the plasma to determine oxidative effects. PM increased SCE and MN levels and altered TAC and TOS levels. TA alone did not affect SCE and MN levels compared to controls, regardless of the concentration applied. In addition, it increased TAC levels without changing TOS levels. Moreover, it significantly buffered the negative cytogenetic and oxidative effects induced by PM in a clear dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, this study is the first to evidence the beneficial effects of TA against PM-induced DNA and oxidative damagesin vitro.
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top