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(searched for: doi:10.2514/1.55109)
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, Réda Nouacer, Federico Corradi, Yassine Ouhammou, Eugenio Villar, Carlo Tieri, Rodrigo Castiñeira
Published: 22 October 2021
Microprocessors and Microsystems, Volume 87; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpro.2021.104348

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Zhaoxuan Liu, , Yanbo Zhu
Published: 1 September 2020
Chinese Journal of Aeronautics, Volume 34, pp 200-224; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cja.2020.08.033

Abstract:
Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) have advanced technologically and surged exponentially over recent years. Currently, due to safety concerns, most civil operations of UAS are conducted in low-level uncontrolled area or in segregated controlled airspace. As the industry progresses, both operational and technological capabilities have matured to the point where UASs are expected to gain greater freedom of access to both controlled and uncontrolled airspace. Extensive technical and regulatory surveys have been conducted to enable the expanded operations. However, most surveys are derived from the perspective of UAS own operating mechanism and barely consider interactions of their non-segregated activities with the Air Traffic Management (ATM) system. Hence, to fill the gap, this paper presents a survey conducted from the perspective of Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP), which serves to accommodate these new entrants to the overall national airspace while continuing flight safety and efficiency. The primary objectives of this paper are to: (A) describe what typical ANSP-supplied UAS Traffic Management (UTM) architecture is required to facilitate all types of civil UAS operations; (B) identify three major ANSP considerations on how UAS can be accommodated safely in civil airspace; (C) outline future directions and challenges related with UAS operations for the ANSP.
, Bernd Korn, Matthias Wies, Neville A. Stanton
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Volume 63, pp 106-110; https://doi.org/10.1177/1071181319631001

Abstract:
Each modern concept of Single Pilot Operations (SPO) for a commercial airliner in research employs a remote pilot and/or remote super-dispatcher as ground-based support to handle any off-nominal and emergency situation on-board. Hence, a data-link break-up poses a hazard for flight safety. Existing technology from unmanned aviation for mission management is considered in how it could be applied to SPO-specific procedures to handle data-link failures. A predictive System-Theoretic Process Analysis of different types of data-link failures during flight exemplifies how an automated contingency management system could assess the data-link’s quality and alert the single-pilot to continue safe operations. A complete loss of link requires an emergency landing via autoland that is administered by the mission management. Nonetheless, the systems and procedures design(s) to manage data-link contingencies must consider the reliability of other components of the single-piloted airliner.
Kyle J. S. White, Ewen Denney, Matt D. Knudson, Angelos K. Mamerides, Dimitrios P. Pezaros
2017 14th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC) pp 522-527; https://doi.org/10.1109/ccnc.2017.7983162

Abstract:
The explosive growth in the worldwide use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has raised a critical concern with respect to the adequate management of their ad hoc network configuration as required by their mobility management process. As UAVs migrate among ground control stations, associated network services, routing and operational control must also rapidly migrate to ensure a seamless transition. In this paper, we present a novel, lightweight and modular architecture which supports high mobility and situational-awareness through the application of Software Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV) principles on top of the UAV infrastructure. By combining SDN+NFV programmability we can achieve a robust migration of UAV-related network services, such as network monitoring and anomaly detection as well as smooth UAV migration that confronts high mobility requirements. The proposed container-based monitoring and anomaly detection Network Functions (NFs) as employed within our architecture can be tuned to specific UAV types providing operators better insight during live, high-mobility deployments. We evaluate our architecture against telemetry from over 80 flights from a scientific research UAV infrastructure showing our ability to tune and detect emerging challenges.
Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems: A Human Systems Integration Perspective pp 63-108; https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118965900.ch4

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Published: 11 January 2014
A World with Robots pp 171-244; https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-03707-3_3

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Pablo Royo, Raul Cuadrado, , , Marc Pérez-Batlle, ,
2013 IEEE/AIAA 32nd Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC) pp 6D6-1-6D6-14; https://doi.org/10.1109/dasc.2013.6712626

Abstract:
Most unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) are, at present, designed for military purposes and very few civil applications have been developed mainly because the lack of a regulation basis concerning their certification, airworthiness and operations. UAS operations have always been solutions highly dependent on the mission to be accomplished and on the scenario of flight. The generalized development of UAS applications is still limited by the absence of systems that support the development of the actual operations. Most current UAS solutions, if not remotely piloted, rely on waypoint based flight control system for their navigation and are unable to coordinate the aircraft flight with payload and mission operation. In this paper, an architecture for providing automation in UAS application is presented. This architecture is part of a UAS-specific distributed service-oriented architecture designed to enable easy reconfiguration and deployment of UAS in a wide range of scenarios without (or very little) additional system development. Flight, payload and mission service coordination, service interfaces and message interactions between services are discussed in this paper. Finally, a preliminary prototype of these services has been implemented to validate the purpose architecture specification. Additionally, a helicopter-based UAS is being developed to test in real scenarios the automation capabilities provided by the USAL architecture.
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