(searched for: doi:10.1042/etls20210267)
Published: 20 September 2022
Despite the success of AlphaFold2 (AF2), it is unclear how AF2 models accommodate for ligand binding. Here, we start with a protein sequence from Acidimicrobiaceae TMED77 (T7RdhA) with potential for catalyzing the degradation of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). AF2 models and experiments identified T7RdhA as a corrinoid iron-sulfur protein (CoFeSP) which uses a norpseudo-cobalamin (BVQ) cofactor and two [4Fe4S] iron-sulfur clusters (SF4) for catalysis. Docking and molecular dynamics simulations suggest that T7RdhA uses perfluorooctanoic acetate (PFOA) as a substrate, supporting the reported defluorination activity of its homolog, A6RdhA. We showed that AF2 provides processual (dynamic) predictions for the binding pockets of ligands (cofactors and/or substrates). Because the pLDDT scores provided by AF2 reflect the protein native states in complex with ligands as the evolutionary constraints, the Evoformer network of AF2 predicts protein structures and residue flexibility in complex with the ligands, i.e., in their native states.
Biophysica, Volume 2, pp 292-307; https://doi.org/10.3390/biophysica2030027
Physical roots, exemplifications and consequences of periodic and aperiodic ordering (represented by Fibonacci series) in biological systems are discussed. The physical and biological roots and role of symmetry and asymmetry appearing in biological patterns are addressed. A generalization of the Curie–Neumann principle as applied to biological objects is presented, briefly summarized as: “asymmetry is what creates a biological phenomenon”. The “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches to the explanation of symmetry in organisms are presented and discussed in detail. The “top-down” approach implies that the symmetry of the biological structure follows the symmetry of the media in which this structure is functioning; the “bottom-up” approach, in turn, accepts that the symmetry of biological structures emerges from the symmetry of molecules constituting the structure. A diversity of mathematical measures applicable for quantification of order in biological patterns is introduced. The continuous, Shannon and Voronoi measures of symmetry/ordering and their application to biological objects are addressed. The fine structure of the notion of “order” is discussed. Informational/algorithmic roots of order inherent in the biological systems are considered. Ordered/symmetrical patterns provide an economy of biological information, necessary for the algorithmic description of a biological entity. The application of the Landauer principle bridging physics and theory of information to the biological systems is discussed.
Emerging Topics in Life Sciences, Volume 6, pp 227-229; https://doi.org/10.1042/etls20210265
In this special issue of Emerging Topics in Life Sciences, we present a series of mini-reviews of some of the most exciting research involving the concept of symmetry. This research spans the biological sciences from proteins to ecosystems. The reviews examine protein and floral symmetry, primate brain and behavioral asymmetries, geometric morphometrics, and various fluctuating asymmetries.