(searched for: doi:10.4108/airo.v1i.20)
Published: 10 May 2023
Electronics, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics12102178
Factory safety inspections are crucial for maintaining a secure production environment. Currently, inspections are predominantly performed manually on a regular basis, leading to low efficiency and a high workload. Utilizing inspection robots can significantly improve the reliability and efficiency of these tasks. The development of robot localization and path planning technologies ensures that factory inspection robots can autonomously complete their missions in complex environments. In response to the application requirements of factory inspections, this paper investigates mapping, localization, and path planning methods for robots. Considering the limitations of cameras and laser sensors due to their inherent characteristics, as well as their varying applicability in different environments, this paper proposes SLAM application systems based on multi-line laser radar and visual perception for diverse scenarios. To address the issue of low efficiency in inspection tasks, a hybrid path planning algorithm that combines the A-star algorithm and time elastic band method is introduced. This approach effectively resolves the problem of path planning becoming trapped in local optima in complex environments, subsequently enhancing the inspection efficiency of robots. Experimental results demonstrate that the designed SLAM and path planning methods can satisfy the inspection requirements of robots in complex scenarios, exhibiting excellent reliability and stability.
Published: 14 November 2022
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, Volume 2022, pp 1-22; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/7799654
Automated guided vehicles (AGVs) are popular subsets of robots that come in various shapes and sizes. The group’s use in the industry ranges from applications for carrying pallets, carts, and utensils to helping the elderly or transporting medicine to hospitals. Even recently, they have been used in libraries to carry books on shelves. The main part of an AGV includes its body, motor, driver, processor, and sensors, which are more or less the same in all types of AGVs, and addons vary depending on the application and the work environment. The part that affects AGV performance is the control strategy, to which researchers have shown different approaches. Using various techniques and simulations to obtain a model is the key and can help to improve and evaluate the performance of the strategy of the robot. In this study, based on the actual design of the AGV system, all data and components are described, and the simulation is performed in MATLAB software. Then, for controlling the platform based on the PID controller tuning, four methods of Ziegler Nichols, empirical, Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), and Beetle Antennae Searching (BAS) (optimizer) are discussed, and the results are compared in the four paths including the circle, ellipse, Spiral and 8-shaped paths by observing and testing the tuned PID parameters. Finally, a series of subsequent experiences were carried out in CoppeliaSim (VREP) as a famous robot simulator to overcome the environmental constraints for the same paths that were used in Matlab based on the extracted PID values. Based on the results, the empirical methods, PSO, and BAS errors are very close together. But in general, the BAS algorithm is the fastest, and the PSO had better performance. In general, the maximum error is linked to the path of 8 shapes and the minimum is related to circle shape one. Finally, the analysis of results in different paths in both simulators shows the same results. Therefore, concerning the limited test on the real platform and using the PID coefficients obtained from the simulation shows the model’s ability for the researchers in robotic research.
Published: 4 June 2022
Electronics, Volume 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11111786
Occasionally, professional rescue teams encounter issues while rescuing people during earthquake collapses. One such issue is the localization of wounded people from the earthquake. Machines used by rescue teams may cause crucial issues due to misleading localization. Usually, robot technology is utilized to address this problem. Many research papers addressing rescue operations have been published in the last two decades. In the literature, there are few studies on multi-robot coordination. The systems designed with a single robot should also overcome time constraints. A sophisticated algorithm should be developed for multi-robot coordination to solve that problem. Then, a fast rescuing operation could be performed. The distinctive property of this study is that it proposes a multi-robot system using a novel heuristic bat-inspired algorithm for use in search and rescue operations. Bat-inspired techniques gained importance in soft-computing experiments. However, there are only single-robot systems for robot navigation. Another original aspect of this paper is that this heuristic algorithm is employed to coordinate the robots. The study is devised to encourage extended work related to earthquake collapse rescue operations.