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(searched for: doi:10.53391/mmnsa.2022.01.001)
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A Khan, U Zakir, I Haq, S Zaman, H Khan, Q Haque
Published: 1 February 2023
Journal: Physica Scripta
Physica Scripta, Volume 98; https://doi.org/10.1088/1402-4896/acb241

Abstract:
We investigated the role of entropy in linear and nonlinear structures and obtained the linear dispersion relation from the set of Braginskii’s ion transport equations, demonstrating that entropy has an effect on the mode’s linear features. We also discovered that the system’s entropy is responsible for nonlinear structure changes such as compression to refractive types, as well as other features influenced by it and other plasma parameters such as dust density, charge number and mass, and so on. Our observations are very useful for space plasma observations such as interstellar space, planetary rings, and laboratory plasma because in the mentioned plasmas there is a lot of entropy due to the temperature differences.
Published: 26 May 2022
by MDPI
Mathematical and Computational Applications, Volume 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/mca27030046

Abstract:
This article aims to develop a mathematical simulation of the steady mixed convective Darcy–Forchheimer flow of Williamson nanofluid over a linear stretchable surface. In addition, the effects of Cattaneo–Christov heat and mass flux, Brownian motion, activation energy, and thermophoresis are also studied. The novel aspect of this study is that it incorporates thermal radiation to investigate the physical effects of thermal and solutal stratification on mixed convection flow and heat transfer. First, the profiles of velocity and energy equations were transformed toward the ordinary differential equation using the appropriate similarity transformation. Then, the system of equations was modified by first-order ODEs in MATLAB and solved using the bvp4c approach. Graphs and tables imply the impact of physical parameters on concentration, temperature, velocity, skin friction coefficient, mass, and heat transfer rate. The outcomes show that the nanofluid temperature and concentration are reduced with the more significant thermal and mass stratification parameters estimation.
Published: 11 February 2022
by MDPI
Fractal and Fractional, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract6020101

Abstract:
In this article, unsteady free convective heat transport of copper-water nanofluid within a square-shaped enclosure with the dominance of non-uniform horizontal periodic magnetic effect is investigated numerically. Various nanofluids are also used to investigate temperature performance. The Brownian movement of nano-sized particles is included in the present model. A sinusoidal function of the y coordinate is considered for the magnetic effect, which works as a non-uniform magnetic field. The left sidewall is warmed at a higher heat, whereas the right sidewall is cooled at a lower heat. The upper and bottom walls are insulated. For solving the governing non-linear partial differential equation, Galerkin weighted residual finite element method is devoted. Comparisons are made with previously published articles, and we found there to be excellent compliance. The influence of various physical parameters, namely, the volume fraction of nanoparticles, period of the non-uniform magnetic field, Rayleigh number, the shape and diameter of nanoparticles, and Hartmann number on the temperature transport and fluid flow are researched. The local and average Nusselt number is also calculated to investigate the impact of different parameters on the flow field. The results show the best performance of heat transport for the Fe3O4-water nanofluid than for other types of nanofluids. The heat transport rate increases 20.14% for Fe3O4-water nanofluid and 8.94% for TiO2-water nanofluid with 1% nanoparticles volume. The heat transportation rate enhances with additional nanoparticles into the base fluid whereas it decreases with the increase of Hartmann number and diameter of particles. A comparison study of uniform and non-uniform magnetic effects is performed, and a higher heat transfer rate is observed for a non-uniform magnetic effect compared to a uniform magnetic effect. Moreover, periods of magnetic effect and a nanoparticle’s Brownian movement significantly impacts the temperature transport and fluid flow. The solution reaches unsteady state to steady state within a very short time.
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