(searched for: doi:10.1007/s40279-021-01629-0)
Published: 1 January 2023
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Volume -1, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2022-0011
Purpose: To examine the construct validity and reliability of 2 single items for fatigue and recovery in dancers. The construct validity was assessed using reference instruments: the fatigue items of the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) and the Short Recovery and Stress Scale (SRSS). A secondary aim was to explore the respondent interpretation of these 2 items using a concept identification approach. Methods: Two hundred forty-three (N = 243) dancers completed single-item fatigue and recovery (unipolar and bipolar), BRUMS, and SRSS once for construct validity. For reliability, 49 dancers completed the questionnaires twice, 1 week apart. Using a concept identification approach, 49 dancers were also asked comprehension and interpretation of fatigue and recovery. Results: The fatigue item correlated with SRSS stress items (rs = .37–.51) and BRUMs fatigue items (rs = .63–.66). The recovery item was only partially confirmed in terms of construct validity, when using the SRSS recovery items as reference (rs = .39–.43). Reliability was confirmed for the single items of fatigue (κ = .77–.78) and recovery (κ = .71–.78). Main responses for the concept of fatigue were tiredness (34.7%), muscle soreness (17.3%), and energy (13.0%). Main responses for the concept of recovery were muscle soreness (43.0%), tiredness (27.9%), and fatigue (24.0%). Conclusion: We provide preliminary confirmation of the validity and reliability of the single item fatigue in dancers. The recovery item was only partially confirmed in terms of construct validity, when using the SRSS recovery items as reference, but did display acceptable reliability and agreement. Further research is warranted further exploring other measurement properties.
Published: 1 January 2023
Revista Brasileira de Medicina Do Esporte, Volume 29; https://doi.org/10.1590/1517-8692202329012022_0307
Introduction The dancers must have the necessary strength qualities to complete the dance movement techniques and coordinate the body movements, besides giving full capacity of execution to the qualities such as muscular strength, explosive power, and control in accelerated movement. Objective Verify the main muscular morphology of the lower limbs of sports dancers. Methods 24 undergraduate students were selected from a sports school of a university, specialized in sports dance, and divided into three groups for a physical fitness experiment. Results Different training pressures responded with different effects on the thickness of major lower limb muscles. Compared to the thickness of the rectus femoris in the resting state before the experiment, muscle thickness immediately after exercise was significantly increased in the 250 and 300 groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Training at a moderate pressure level - pressure value of 200 mmHg to 250 mmHg - can achieve better results. The presented protocol resulted in a functional improvement of the skeletal muscle. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.
Published: 1 January 2023
Revista Brasileira de Medicina Do Esporte, Volume 29; https://doi.org/10.1590/1517-8692202329012022_0277
Introduction Cycling is a competitive sport and has high demands on the athletes themselves, such as versatile use of skills, physical fitness, and explosiveness. Objective Increase the specific speed endurance of athletes. Methods Fourteen prominent male short-distance cyclists were divided into a group of constant cyclists (CG group, n=7) and a group of decreasing cyclists (DG group, n=7) and subjected to a physical training protocol. Results Peak activity and average endurance improved in both groups of athletes; rest periods improved significantly compared to the previous ones, and deceleration decreased by 12.2% and 14.6% in the CG and DG groups, respectively, immediately after the end of the rest period. Latency decreased significantly in both groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Compared with the program with the same number of rides, the training load in the stage-based pilot program with the decreasing number of rides was higher, and the training effect was more significant in the improvement of peak power, 1 km total power maintenance capacity, and anaerobic threshold. The energy supply ratio of aerobic metabolism during exercise at the above intensity was also improved. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.
Published: 15 September 2022
Journal of Environmental and Public Health, Volume 2022, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/4043876
In the quality evaluation of public sports training, the selected indicators are not comprehensive, resulting in some errors in the results of quality evaluation. Therefore, this paper designs a public sports training quality evaluation method based on the deep learning model of global topology optimization. Determine the basic principles of public sports training quality evaluation, determine the human coordinate points of public sports training by determining the basic section and basic axis of human training, and extract the data of public sports training quality evaluation. On this basis, quantify the public sports training quality evaluation index, construct the evaluation matrix, calculate the weight of the evaluation index, and determine the importance of the public sports training quality evaluation index. Preprocess the public sports training quality evaluation index set, search the optimal fitness value in the global topology optimization depth learning model, introduce the global topology optimization depth learning model, input the evaluation index and output the evaluation quality results, and realize the quality evaluation of public sports training. The experimental results show that the evaluation method in this paper can improve the accuracy of the evaluation results and is feasible.
Published: 29 June 2022
Scanning, Volume 2022, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/9998265
In order to observe the effect of rehabilitative physical training on sports injuries under ultrasound examination, this study firstly carried out experiments, induction and analysis of ultrasound examination, and evaluation-related content, especially the diagnosis of ultrasound examination in muscle and tendon injuries caused by various reasons. And the clinical application of treatment (clinical research) is reviewed, in order to provide reference data for clinical stage summary. Then, by determining the fasciculation and location of the tendon rupture injury by ultrasound, the clinic can decide whether or not to proceed with surgery. Small Achilles tendon tears only require conservative treatment to avoid the development of complete Achilles tendon rupture. Finally, 26 patients and 10 healthy adults were examined by ultrasonography, and each subject was segmented to examine 11 muscles, including the tongue muscle. The bilateral trapezius, bilateral biceps brachii, bilateral abductor pollicis brevis, bilateral quadriceps femoris, and bilateral tibialis anterior muscles were evaluated by ultrasound and statistical methods. The experimental results show that if the fasciculation of the Achilles tendon injury does not reach more than 3/11, it indicates that no surgical treatment is required; for those with a complete tear of the Achilles tendon, the distance between the broken ends should be further measured in the toe flexion state to evaluate whether surgical treatment is required. It effectively solves the problem of visual diagnosis of sports injuries.
Published: 3 January 2022
Journal: Sports Medicine
Sports Medicine pp 1-1; https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-021-01628-1