(searched for: doi:10.1016/j.matpr.2021.11.390)
Published: 1 July 2023
Case Studies in Construction Materials, Volume 18; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2022.e01612
Published: 24 April 2023
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, Volume 17, pp 1-26; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40069-023-00588-2
This research uses WP to investigate the effect of two types of Shredded Waste Paper (SWP) comprising Shredded Copier Waste Paper (SCPWP) and Shredded Cardboard Waste Paper (SCBWP) as additives on the properties of concrete and the structural behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Beam (RCB). The slump, compressive, flexural, and splitting tensile strengths increase by 4–13% for 5–10% addition of SCPWP and decrease by 16–23% for 15% addition of SCPWP compared to 0% addition. For SCBWP, the slump, compressive, flexural and splitting tensile strengths increase by 10–23% for 5–10% addition and decrease by 15–21% for 15% addition compared to 0% addition. 15% of SCPWP and SCBWP addition records the highest effect in water absorption and efflorescence, showing 11% and 10.28% increases with 15% addition of SCBWP and SCPWP. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis reveals that the crack is repaired, and the presence of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) and calcium–silicate–hydrate (C–S–H) links enhances the concrete strength. The addition of 10% SCPWP and 10% SCBWP in the concrete mixtures improves the structural behaviour of RCB with stirrup spacing (SS) = 100 mm (full), 150 mm and 200 mm (reduced) by increasing the load and reducing the deflection. Apart from that, the concrete bending and shear strains also increase by 44.17% and 34.9%. The failure mode of the RCB changes from shear to bending. This study indicates that SCPWP and SCBWP can be used as additives in concrete at 5% and 10%, and 10% for RCB with significant strength and structural improvement.
Published: 29 March 2023
Sustainability, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15075937
Plastic waste has increased significantly in recent years as a result of fast population growth and urbanization. Studies on the incorporation of plastic aggregates as a substitution for natural aggregates in concrete are needed to successfully reduce both adverse environmental impact and the depletion of natural resources. The objective of this research was to investigate the use of plastic as a partial substitution for natural coarse aggregates in concrete. For this purpose, seven concrete mixes were produced using 0, 10, 15, and 20% plastic coarse aggregates to replace natural aggregates with and without silica fume of similar replacement levels with cement. Fresh density, workability, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, stress–strain response, and Poisson’s ratio were observed to study the fresh as well as hardened properties of concrete mixtures. Indoor and outdoor thermal performance and thermo-gravimetric analysis were also investigated. The results revealed that the plastic aggregates’ incorporation improved the workability of concrete; however, it negatively influenced the fresh density and mechanical properties of concrete. The compressive and tensile strengths of plastic aggregate concrete without silica fume were reduced by 32 and 33%, respectively. The reduction in strength could be associated with the smooth texture of plastic aggregates. The addition of silica fume with plastic aggregates resulted in denser concrete and improved mechanical properties. In general, the performance of plastic aggregates as a partial replacement for natural aggregates was satisfactory, which suggests their possible use to produce eco-friendlier concrete.
Published: 1 March 2023
Heliyon, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e14225
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Polymers, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym15030520
This review presents the research conducted to date in the field of cement-based composites reinforced with waste paper-based cellulose fibres, focusing on their composition, mechanical properties, and durability characteristics. The literature demonstrates that the properties of raw material (depending on their own chemical composition) significantly influence the formation of the cement composite binders. When considering fresh properties, the presence of silica and magnesium compounds generally lead to favourable effects on the setting of the cement composite when combined with waste paper cellulose fibre. Reduction in density values, i.e., approximately 25%, was observed with the inclusion of waste paper fibres from 20 to 80% in cement composites. The homogeneous dispersion of fibres in the matrix is one of the crucial factors to achieve in order to develop composites with well-balanced mechanical properties incorporating waste paper cellulose fibres. Hence, dispersion of fibres can be improved by increasing water quantity corresponding to the optimal value, which was a water/cement ratio of 0.64 leading to optimum strength properties of the composite. Even though the effect of fibre dispersion in the matrix improves with the addition of water, higher porosity and voids govern the strength properties beyond an optimum water-to-cement ratio. Higher porosity leads to an increase in the water absorption and a lowering of the thermal conductivity properties with the addition of paper fibre in cement binders. Paper fibre absorbs a high amount of water leading to higher water absorption. This phenomenon is related to the hydrophilic nature of cellulosic fibres absorbing some volume of water due to their microporous structure.
Published: 1 December 2022
Journal: Results in Engineering
Results in Engineering, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rineng.2022.100740