(searched for: doi:10.3389/fonc.2021.615174)
Published: 31 January 2023
Journal: Frontiers in Oncology
Frontiers in Oncology, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2023.1107026
Objectives: To objectively and accurately assess the immediate efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) on colorectal cancer (CRC) lung metastases, the novel multimodal data fusion model based on radiomics features and clinical variables was developed.Methods: This case-control single-center retrospective study included 479 lung metastases treated with RFA in 198 CRC patients. Clinical and radiological data before and intraoperative computed tomography (CT) scans were retrieved. The relative radiomics features were extracted from pre- and immediate post-RFA CT scans by maximum relevance and minimum redundancy algorithm (MRMRA). The Gaussian mixture model (GMM) was used to divide the data of the training dataset and testing dataset. In the process of modeling in the training set, radiomics model, clinical model and fusion model were built based on a random forest classifier. Finally, verification was carried out on an independent test dataset. The receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were drawn based on the obtained predicted scores, and the corresponding area under ROC curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were calculated and compared.Results: Among the 479 pulmonary metastases, 379 had complete response (CR) ablation and 100 had incomplete response ablation. Three hundred eighty-six lesions were selected to construct a training dataset and 93 lesions to construct a testing dataset. The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9, p<0.001) and the location of the metastases (p< 0.05) as independent risk factors. Significant correlations were observed between complete ablation and 9 radiomics features. The best prediction performance was achieved with the proposed multimodal data fusion model integrating radiomic features and clinical variables with the highest accuracy (82.6%), AUC value (0.921), sensitivity (80.3%), and specificity (81.4%).Conclusion: This novel multimodal data fusion model was demonstrated efficient for immediate efficacy evaluation after RFA for CRC lung metastases, which could benefit necessary complementary treatment.