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(searched for: doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2021.09.025)
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Polina Buyvol, Eduard Mukhametdinov, Alla Krivonogova, Krzysztof Zabinski, Aleksandr Voroshilov
Abstract:
The active development of lucrative territories in the Arctic, which have large reserves of natural resources, has increased the urgency of creating a sustainable transport system in northern region. A special role is given to road transport. However, the remoteness of the territory from the manufacturing plant makes it difficult to provide owners with branded services that support stable operation, so the development of remote diagnostic methods is required, which could, among other things, be carried out by the owners or operators of automotive equipment themselves. It is promising to use a rule base formed on the basis of machine learning. The article describes the principle of operation, architecture and an example of the operation of a web service, which allows, without having knowledge of the design and functioning of the mechanisms, to carry out vehicles’ troubleshooting.
V. S. Ershov, E. A. Karelina, A. V. Vasiliev, A. O. Volkov, D. S. Taldykin
Abstract:
Due to the inaccessibility of the Arctic region, there is an acute new automotive component supplies shortage. The article develops a mathematical model that determines the main indicators of the quality of passenger vehicles (PV) to avoid these difficulties. The dependence of changes in repair and maintenance costs (RMC) based on the operation time of PV is considered. A matrix of values is constructed, considering the various cars planned mileage. The implementation scheme of the vehicle service life management system in the vehicle life cycle complex is drawn up.
Timur Ablyazov, Veronika Asaul, Elena Aleksandrova, Ivan Petrov, Sergey Bovteev
Abstract:
Construction in the Arctic is associated with the influence of the climatic conditions of the area, namely low air temperature, high humidity, the presence of permafrost, increased wind and snow load. Currently, the state of buildings and structures in the Arctic zone is characterized by a high degree of physical deterioration. In addition, the living environment in general is characterized by a low level of comfort. The most important condition for the effective development of the Arctic zone is to provide residents of the territory with highquality buildings (residential and industrial), which will have a positive effect on the economic condition of the Arctic by attracting investment in fixed assets. The article substantiates the relevance of using innovative technologies in construction in the Arctic, considers existing building materials and technologies for erecting buildings in the Arctic, and also investigates the problems inherent in the investment and construction sector of the Arctic. As a result, the conceptual framework for the introduction of innovative technologies in construction in the Arctic zone has been developed, the use of which contributes to the intensification of the socio-economic development of this territory, the increase in business activity in the construction sector and the comprehensive improvement of the living environment of the population in the Arctic.
V. N. Malchikov, A. V. Shemyakin, D. S. Ryabchikov, A. V. Marusin, A. A. Polyarush
Abstract:
In a market economy, one of the important socioeconomic problems is the search for effective ways to overcome the crisis in the field of public passenger transport. The increasing mobility of the population and the annual growth of the passenger transportation market require appropriate development in the provision of logistics services. An increase in the economic indicators of transportation while reducing costs is possible with the use of unmanned vehicles.
E. V. Feklin
The Russian Automobile and Highway Industry Journal, Volume 19; https://doi.org/10.26518/2071-7296-2022-19-4-560-568

Abstract:
Introduction. Recently, due to the increase in the number of vehicles, including public transport, there is a need to streamline the system of maintenance and repair, taking into account the mass of incoming applications for these operations. A decrease in productivity may occur due to an unclear distribution of work by performers, inconsistency of their actions in time and irrational use of technological equipment. The purpose of the research is to develop a system for organizing maintenance and repair of rolling stock based on the principles of centralization and cooperation with other production structures. To achieve this goal, statistical methods, methods of the theory of random processes and queuing theory are used. The concentration of production occurs either due to the growth of the share of large enterprises in the total volume of production of the region / industry (transportation of passengers of the metropolis) or due to the growth of the size of the manufacturing enterprises themselves. The process of concentration can be argued from the standpoint of the principles of synergetics.Materials and methods. The article discusses the operational management of the system of maintenance and repair of the bus fleet. The division of tasks of the technical service of a motor transport enterprise into four complexes is presented. Two ways of drawing up a schedule are analyzed: calendar and by actual mileage of cars. The analysis revealed the advantages and disadvantages of each of the options. The advantages and disadvantages of universal and specialized posts are analyzed, indicating ways to eliminate the identified shortcomings. The positive effect of centralization of management of the specified complexes of tasks for maintenance and repair of rolling stock is substantiated.Results. A scheme for servicing applications for routine repairs with decentralized and centralized systems for managing the production of routine repairs of rolling stock is proposed. The basic principles of functioning of a centralized production management system are described. A general structural scheme of centralized specialized production is proposed. The structural composition of the pre-production complex is presented, with a description of each unit included in its system: a complete set group, an intermediate warehouse, a transport section, a washing and defect section, a tool section. The tasks of the operational management department and the information processing and analysis department, which are part of the control center of a centralized specialized production, are outlined.Discussion and conclusions. The results of the study are intended for the enterprises of passenger transport. This study is an integral part of the development of a common system of centralization and cooperation of maintenance of rolling stock.
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