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(searched for: doi:10.53391/mmnsa.2021.01.002)
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Yogita Mahatekar, Pallavi S Scindia,
Published: 1 February 2023
Journal: Physica Scripta
Physica Scripta, Volume 98; https://doi.org/10.1088/1402-4896/acaf1a

Abstract:
In this article, we derive a new numerical method to solve fractional differential equations containing Caputo-Fabrizio derivatives. The fundamental concepts of fractional calculus, numerical analysis, and fixed point theory form the basis of this study. Along with the derivation of the algorithm of the proposed method, error and stability analyses are performed briefly. To explore the validity and effectiveness of the proposed method, several examples are simulated, and the new solutions are compared with the outputs of the previously published two-step Adams-Bashforth method.
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications (ijocta), Volume 13, pp 46-58; https://doi.org/10.11121/ijocta.2023.1265

Abstract:
In this article, we demonstrated the study of the time-fractional nonlinear Sharma-Tasso-Olever (STO) equation with different initial conditions. The novel technique, which is the mixture of the q-homotopy analysis method and the new integral transform known as Elzaki transform called, q-homotopy analysis Elzaki transform method (q-HAETM) implemented to find the adequate approximated solution of the considered problems. The wave solutions of the STO equation play a vital role in the nonlinear wave model for coastal and harbor designs. The demonstration of the considered scheme is done by carrying out some examples of time-fractional STO equations with different initial approximations. q-HAETM offers us to modulate the range of convergence of the series solution using , called the auxiliary parameter or convergence control parameter. By performing appropriate numerical simulations, the effectiveness and reliability of the considered technique are validated. The implementation of the new integral transform called the Elzaki transform along with the reliable analytical technique called the q-homotopy analysis method to examine the time-fractional nonlinear STO equation displays the novelty of the presented work. The obtained findings show that the proposed method is very gratifying and examines the complex nonlinear challenges that arise in science and innovation.
Yassine Sabbar, , Nadia Gul, Driss Kiouach, S. P. Rajasekar, Nasim Ullah, Alsharef Mohammad
Aims Mathematics, Volume 8, pp 1329-1344; https://doi.org/10.3934/math.2023066

Abstract:
Exhaustive surveys have been previously done on the long-time behavior of illness systems with Lévy motion. All of these works have considered a Lévy–Itô decomposition associated with independent white noises and a specific Lévy measure. This setting is very particular and ignores an important class of dependent Lévy noises with a general infinite measure (finite or infinite). In this paper, we adopt this general framework and we treat a novel correlated stochastic $ SIR_p $ system. By presuming some assumptions, we demonstrate the ergodic characteristic of our system. To numerically probe the advantage of our proposed framework, we implement Rosinski's algorithm for tempered stable distributions. We conclude that tempered tails have a strong effect on the long-term dynamics of the system and abruptly alter its behavior.
Published: 10 December 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Symmetry
Abstract:
The earth’s surface is heated by the large-scale movement of air known as atmospheric circulation, which works in conjunction with ocean circulation. More than 105 variables are involved in the complexity of the weather system. In this work, we analyze the dynamical behavior and chaos control of an atmospheric circulation model known as the Hadley circulation model, in the frame of Caputo and Caputo–Fabrizio fractional derivatives. The fundamental novelty of this paper is the application of the Caputo derivative with equal dimensionality to models that includes memory. A sliding mode controller (SMC) is developed to control chaos in this fractional-order atmospheric circulation system with uncertain dynamics. The proposed controller is applied to both commensurate and non-commensurate fractional-order systems. To demonstrate the intricacy of the models, we plot some graphs of various fractional orders with appropriate parameter values. We have observed the influence of thermal forcing on the dynamics of the system. The outcome of the analytical exercises is validated using numerical simulations.
, Morufu Oyedunsi Olayiwola, Kamilu Adewale Adedokun, Joseph Adeleke Adedeji, Asimiyu Olamilekan Oladapo
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Volume 11, pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1186/s43088-022-00317-w

Abstract:
Background: Experimentally brought to light by Russell and hypothetically explained by Korteweg–de Vries, the KDV equation has drawn the attention of several mathematicians and physicists because of its extreme substantial structure in describing nonlinear evolution equations governing the propagation of weakly dispersive and nonlinear waves. Due to the prevalent nature and application of solitary waves in nonlinear dynamics, we discuss the soliton solution and application of the fractional-order Korteweg–de Vries (KDV) equation using a new analytical approach named the “Modified initial guess homotopy perturbation.” Results: We established the proposed technique by coupling a power series function of arbitrary order with the renown homotopy perturbation method. The convergence of the method is proved using the Banach fixed point theorem. The methodology was demonstrated with a generalized KDV equation, and we applied it to solve linear and nonlinear fractional-order Korteweg–de Vries equations, which are in Caputo sense. The method’s applicability and effectiveness were established as a feasible series of arbitrary orders that accelerate quickly to the exact solution at an integer order and are obtained as solutions. Numerical simulations were conducted to investigate the effect of Caputo fractional-order derivatives in the dispersion and propagation of water waves by varying the order $$\alpha$$α on the $$[0,1]$$[0,1] interval. Comparative analysis of the simulation results, which were presented graphically and discussed, reveals that the degree of freedom of the Caputo fractional-order derivative is vital to controlling the magnitude of environmental hazards associated with water waves when adjusted. Conclusion: The proposed method is recommended for obtaining convergent series solutions to fractional-order partial differential equations. We suggested that applied mathematicians and physicists investigate this work to better understand the impact of the degree of freedom posed by Caputo fractional-order derivatives in wave dispersion and propagation, as physical applications can help divert wave-related environmental hazards.
Published: 2 December 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Mathematics
Mathematics, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/math10234568

Abstract:
Chaos dynamics is an interesting nonlinear effect that can be observed in many chemical, electrical, and mechanical systems. The chaos phenomenon has many applications in various branches of engineering. On the other hand, the control of mobile robots to track unpredictable chaotic trajectories has a valuable application in many security problems and military missions. The main objective in this problem is to design a controller such that the robot tracks a desired chaotic path. In this paper, the concept of synchronization of chaotic systems is studied, and a new type-3 fuzzy system (T3FLS)-based controller is designed. The T3FLS is learned by some new adaptive rules. The new learning scheme of T3FLS helps to better stabilize and synchronize. The suggested controller has a better ability to cope with high-level uncertainties. Because, in addition to the fact that the T3FLSs have better ability in an uncertain environment, the designed compensator also improves the accuracy and robustness. Several simulations show better synchronization and control accuracy of the designed controller.
Published: 23 November 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Symmetry
Abstract:
Fractional polytropic gas sphere problems and electrical engineering models typically simulated with interconnected circuits have numerous applications in physical, astrophysical phenomena, and thermionic currents. Generally, most of these models are singular-nonlinear, symmetric, and include time delay, which has increased attention to them among researchers. In this work, we explored deep neural networks (DNNs) with an optimization algorithm to calculate the approximate solutions for nonlinear fractional differential equations (NFDEs). The target data-driven design of the DNN-LM algorithm was further implemented on the fractional models to study the rigorous impact and symmetry of different parameters on RL, RC circuits, and polytropic gas spheres. The targeted data generated from the analytical and numerical approaches in the literature for different cases were utilized by the deep neural networks to predict the numerical solutions by minimizing the differences in mean square error using the Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm. The numerical solutions obtained by the designed technique were contrasted with the multi-step reproducing kernel Hilbert space method (MS-RKM), Laplace transformation method (LTM), and Padé approximations. The results demonstrate the accuracy of the design technique as the DNN-LM algorithm overlaps with the actual results with minimum percentage absolute errors that lie between 108 and 1012. The extensive graphical and statistical analysis of the designed technique showed that the DNN-LM algorithm is dependable and facilitates the examination of higher-order nonlinear complex problems due to the flexibility of the DNN architecture and the effectiveness of the optimization procedure.
Published: 11 November 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Mathematics
Mathematics, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/math10224213

Abstract:
This article explores and highlights the effect of stochasticity on the extinction behavior of a disease in a general epidemic model. Specifically, we consider a sophisticated dynamical model that combines logistic growth, quarantine strategy, media intrusion, and quadratic noise. The amalgamation of all these hypotheses makes our model more practical and realistic. By adopting new analytical techniques, we provide a sharp criterion for disease eradication. The theoretical results show that the extinction criterion of our general perturbed model is mainly determined by the parameters closely related to the linear and quadratic perturbations as well as other deterministic parameters of the system. In order to clearly show the strength of our new result in a practical way, we perform numerical examples using the case of herpes simplex virus (HSV) in the USA. We conclude that a great amount of quadratic noise minimizes the period of HSV and affects its eradication time.
Published: 14 October 2022
by MDPI
Fractal and Fractional, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract6100593

Abstract:
The current paper intends to report the existence and uniqueness of positive solutions for nonlinear pantograph Caputo–Hadamard fractional differential equations. As part of a procedure, we transform the specified pantograph fractional differential equation into an equivalent integral equation. We show that this equation has a positive solution by utilising the Schauder fixed point theorem (SFPT) and the upper and lower solutions method. Another method for proving the existence of a singular positive solution is the Banach fixed point theorem (BFPT). Finally, we provide an example that illustrates and explains our conclusions.
Published: 26 September 2022
by MDPI
Mathematical and Computational Applications, Volume 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/mca27050082

Abstract:
This article develops a within-host viral kinetics model of SARS-CoV-2 under the Caputo fractional-order operator. We prove the results of the solution’s existence and uniqueness by using the Banach mapping contraction principle. Using the next-generation matrix method, we obtain the basic reproduction number. We analyze the model’s endemic and disease-free equilibrium points for local and global stability. Furthermore, we find approximate solutions for the non-linear fractional model using the Modified Euler Method (MEM). To support analytical findings, numerical simulations are carried out.
Published: 9 September 2022
Journal of Mathematics, Volume 2022, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/9354856

Abstract:
The Ivancevic option pricing model comes as an alternative to the Black-Scholes model and depicts a controlled Brownian motion associated with the nonlinear Schrodinger equation. The applicability and practicality of this model have been studied by many researchers, but the analytical approach has been virtually absent from the literature. This study intends to examine some dynamic features of this model. By using the well-known ARS algorithm, it is demonstrated that this model is not integrable in the Painlevé sense. He’s variational method is utilized to create new abundant solutions, which contain the bright soliton, bright-like soliton, kinky-bright soliton, and periodic solution. The bifurcation theory is applied to investigate the phase portrait and to study some dynamical behavior of this model. Furthermore, we introduce a classification of the wave solutions into periodic, super periodic, kink, and solitary solutions according to the type of the phase plane orbits. Some 3D-graphical representations of some of the obtained solutions are displayed. The influence of the model’s parameters on the obtained wave solutions is discussed and clarified graphically.
Published: 5 August 2022
by MDPI
Fractal and Fractional, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract6080428

Abstract:
In this paper, circuit implementation and anti-synchronization are studied in coupled nonidentical fractional-order chaotic systems where a fractance module is introduced to approximate the fractional derivative. Based on the open-plus-closed-loop control, a nonlinear coupling strategy is designed to realize the anti-synchronization in the fractional-order Rucklidge chaotic systems and proved by the stability theory of fractional-order differential equations. In addition, using the frequency-domain approximation and circuit theory in the Laplace domain, the corresponding electronic circuit experiments are performed for both uncoupled and coupled fractional-order Rucklidge systems. Finally, our circuit implementation including the fractance module may provide an effective method for generating chaotic encrypted signals, which could be applied to secure communication and data encryption.
Published: 21 July 2022
Advances in Mathematical Physics, Volume 2022, pp 1-18; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/7192231

Abstract:
In this paper, the reduced differential transform method (RDTM) is successfully implemented to obtain the analytical solution of the space-time conformable fractional telegraph equation subject to the appropriate initial conditions. The fractional-order derivative will be in the conformable (CFD) sense. Some properties which help us to solve the governing problem using the suggested approach are proven. The proposed method yields an approximate solution in the form of an infinite series that converges to a closed-form solution, which is in many cases the exact solution. This method has the advantage of producing an analytical solution by only using the appropriate initial conditions without requiring any discretization, transformation, or restrictive assumptions. Four test modeling problems from mathematical physics, conformable fractional telegraph equations in which we already knew their exact solution using other numerical methods, were taken to show the liability, accuracy, convergence, and efficiency of the proposed method, and the solution behavior of each illustrative example is presented using tabulated numerical values and two- and three-dimensional graphs. The results show that the RDTM gave solutions that coincide with the exact solutions and the numerical solutions that are available in the literature. Also, the obtained results reveal that the introduced method is easily applicable and it saves a lot of computational work in solving conformable fractional telegraph equations, and it may also find wide application in other complicated fractional partial differential equations that originate in the areas of engineering and science.
Yuan Ji, Jie Yuan, Junfeng Qian, Liya Huang, Moaiad Ahmad Khder
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences; https://doi.org/10.2478/amns.2022.2.0187

Abstract:
Based on the theory of fractional differential equations, this paper proposes a simple recursive, iterative scheme for power flow calculation in pure radial networks. The paper determines the network hierarchy formed by the ADT stack through breadth theory. This helps us define the branch sequence of the forward and backward generation in the power flow calculation of the smart distribution network. We ensure that the Jacobian matrix remains unchanged in the smart distribution grid power flow calculation. The interval model is more practical and computationally simpler than the point model. The research results show that the power flow calculation method is efficient based on the fractional differential equation.
Published: 25 June 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Axioms
Abstract:
In this paper, some novel conditions for the stability results for a class of fractional-order quasi-linear impulsive integro-differential systems with multiple delays is discussed. First, the existence and uniqueness of mild solutions for the considered system is discussed using contraction mapping theorem. Then, novel conditions for Mittag–Leffler stability (MLS) of the considered system are established by using well known mathematical techniques, and further, the two corollaries are deduced, which still gives some new results. Finally, an example is given to illustrate the applications of the results.
, Nichaphat Patanarapeelert, Muhammad Awais Barkat, ,
Published: 8 June 2022
Journal of Function Spaces, Volume 2022, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/7519002

Abstract:
In this paper, a two-dimensional Haar wavelet collocation method is applied to obtain the numerical solution of delay and neutral delay partial differential equations. Both linear and nonlinear problems can be solved using this method. Some benchmark test problems are given to verify the efficiency and accuracy of the aforesaid method. The results are compared with the exact solution and performance of the two-dimensional Haar collocation technique is measured by calculating the maximum absolute and root mean square errors for different numbers of grid points. The results are also compared with finite difference technique and one-dimensional Haar wavelet technique. The numerical results show that the two-dimensional Haar method is simply applicable, accurate and efficient.
Anwar Zeb, Pushpendra Kumar, Vedat Suat Erturk, Thanin Sitthiwirattham
Published: 1 June 2022
Journal of King Saud University - Science, Volume 34; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2022.101914

Published: 22 April 2022
by MDPI
Fractal and Fractional, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract6050231

Abstract:
This paper is concerned with the problem of tracking control for a class of variable-order fractional uncertain system. In order to realize the global robustness of systems, two types of controllers are designed by the global sliding-mode control method. The first one is based on a full-order global sliding-mode surface with variable-order fractional type, and the control law is continuous, which is free of chattering. The other one is a novel time-varying control law, which drives the error signals to stay on the proposed reduced-order sliding-mode surface and then converges to the origin. The stability of the controllers proposed is proved by the use of the variable-order fractional type Lyapunov stability theorem and the numerical simulation is given to validate the effectiveness of the theoretical results.
Published: 1 April 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Mathematics
Mathematics, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/math10071125

Abstract:
This work proposes a qualitative study for the fractional second-grade fluid described by a fractional operator. The classical Caputo fractional operator is used in the investigations. The exact analytical solutions of the constructed problems for the proposed model are determined by using the Laplace transform method, which particularly includes the Laplace transform of the Caputo derivative. The impact of the used fractional operator is presented; especially, the acceleration effect is noticed in the paper. The parameters’ influences are focused on the dynamics such as the Prandtl number (Pr), the Grashof numbers (Gr), and the parameter η when the fractional-order derivative is used in modeling the second-grade fluid model. Their impacts are also analyzed from a physical point of view besides mathematical calculations. The impact of the fractional parameter α is also provided. Finally, it is concluded that the graphical representations support the theoretical observations of the paper.
, Mohammad Partohaghighi
Published: 21 March 2022
Chaos, Solitons, and Fractals, Volume 158; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2022.111956

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, Ali Akgül, , , M. Mossa Al-Sawalha,
Published: 16 March 2022
Journal of Function Spaces, Volume 2022, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/3341754

Abstract:
In this work, the novel iterative transformation technique and homotopy perturbation transformation technique are used to calculate the fractional-order gas dynamics equation. In this technique, the novel iteration method and homotopy perturbation method are combined with the Elzaki transformation. The current methods are implemented with four examples to show the efficacy and validation of the techniques. The approximate solutions obtained by the given techniques show that the methods are accurate and easy to apply to other linear and nonlinear problems.
Published: 25 February 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Mathematics
Mathematics, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/math10050732

Abstract:
The fractal–fractional derivative with the Mittag–Leffler kernel is employed to design the fractional-order model of the new circumscribed self-excited spherical attractor, which is not investigated yet by fractional operators. Moreover, the theorems of Schauder’s fixed point and Banach fixed existence theory are used to guarantee that there are solutions to the model. Approximate solutions to the problem are presented by an effective method. To prove the efficiency of the given technique, different values of fractal and fractional orders as well as initial conditions are selected. Figures of the approximate solutions are provided for each case in different dimensions.
Published: 10 February 2022
by MDPI
Fractal and Fractional, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract6020098

Abstract:
In this article, the effects of Newtonian heating along with wall slip condition on temperature is critically examined on unsteady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flows of Prabhakar-like non integer Maxwell fluid near an infinitely vertical plate under constant concentration. For the sake of generalized memory effects, a new mathematical fractional model is formulated based on a newly introduced Prabhakar fractional operator with generalized Fourier’s law and Fick’s law. This fractional model has been solved analytically and exact solutions for dimensionless velocity, concentration, and energy equations are calculated in terms of Mittag-Leffler functions by employing the Laplace transformation method. Physical impacts of different parameters such as α, Pr, β, Sc, Gr, γ, and Gm are studied and demonstrated graphically by Mathcad software. Furthermore, to validate our current results, some limiting models such as classical Maxwell model, classical Newtonian model, and fractional Newtonian model are recovered from Prabhakar fractional Maxwell fluid. Moreover, we compare the results between Maxwell and Newtonian fluids for both fractional and classical cases with and without slip conditions, showing that the movement of the Maxwell fluid is faster than viscous fluid. Additionally, it is visualized that both classical Maxwell and viscous fluid have relatively higher velocity as compared to fractional Maxwell and viscous fluid.
Esra Karatas Akgül, Ali Akgül, Wasim Jamshed, Zulfiqar Rehman, Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar, Mohammed S. Alqahtani, Mohamed Abbas
Published: 1 January 2022
Journal: Open Physics
Open Physics, Volume 20, pp 609-615; https://doi.org/10.1515/phys-2022-0027

Abstract:
In this article, we investigate the mechanics of breathing performed by a ventilator with different kernels by an effective integral transform. We mainly obtain the solutions of the fractional respiratory mechanics model. Our goal is to give the underlying model flexibly by making use of the advantages of the non-integer order operators. The big advantage of fractional derivatives is that we can formulate models describing much better the systems with memory effects. Fractional operators with different memories are related to different types of relaxation process of the non-local dynamical systems. Additionally, since we consider the utilisation of different kinds of fractional derivatives, most often having benefit in the implementation, the similarities and differences can be obviously seen between these derivatives.
Yi Tian
Mathematical Modelling and Control, Volume 2, pp 75-80; https://doi.org/10.3934/mmc.2022009

Abstract:
Fractal ordinary differential equations are successfully established by He's fractal derivative in a fractal space, and their variational principles are obtained by semi-inverse transform method.Taylor series method is used to solve the given fractal equations with initial boundary value conditions, and sometimes Ying Buzu algorithm play an important role in this process. Examples show the Taylor series method and Ying Buzu algorithm are powerful and simple tools.
Ahmed Sm Alzaidi, Ali M Mubaraki,
Aims Mathematics, Volume 7, pp 13746-13762; https://doi.org/10.3934/math.2022757

Abstract:
The current manuscript examines the effect of the fractional temporal variation on the vibration of waves on non-homogeneous elastic substrates by applying the Laplace integral transform and the asymptotic approach. Four different non-homogeneities, including linear and exponential forms, are considered and scrutinized. In the end, it is reported that the fractional temporal variation significantly affects the respective vibrational fields greatly as the vibrations increase with a decrease in the fractional-order $\mu$. Besides, the two approaches employed for the cylindrical substrates are also shown to be in good agreement for very small non-homogeneity parameter $\alpha$. More so, the present study is set to play a vital role in the fields of material science, and non-homogenization processes to state a few.
Muhammad Suhail Aslam, Mohammad Showkat Rahim Chowdhury, Liliana Guran, Manar A. Alqudah,
Aims Mathematics, Volume 7, pp 11879-11904; https://doi.org/10.3934/math.2022663

Abstract:
In this article we have introduced a metric named complex valued controlled metric type space, more generalized form of controlled metric type spaces. This concept is a new extension of the concept complex valued $ b $-metric type space and this one is different from complex valued extended $ b $-metric space. Using the idea of this new metric, some fixed point theorems involving Banach, Kannan and Fisher contractions type are proved. Some examples togetheran application are described to sustain our primary results.
Yousef Alnafisah, Moustafa El-Shahed
Aims Mathematics, Volume 7, pp 11905-11918; https://doi.org/10.3934/math.2022664

Abstract:
In this paper, a deterministic and stochastic model for hepatitis C with different types of virus genomes is proposed and analyzed. Some sufficient conditions are obtained to ensure the stability of the deterministic equilibrium points. We perform a stochastic extension of the deterministic model to study the fluctuation between environmental factors. Firstly, the existence of a unique global positive solution for the stochastic model is investigated. Secondly, sufficient conditions for the extinction of the hepatitis C virus from the stochastic system are obtained. Theoretical and numerical results show that the smaller white noise can ensure the persistence of susceptible and infected populations while the larger white noise can lead to the extinction of disease. By introducing the basic reproduction number $ R_0 $ and the stochastic basic reproduction number $ R_0^s $, the conditions that cause the disease to die out are indicated. The importance of environmental noise in the propagation of hepatitis C viruses is highlighted by these findings.
, Billel Semmar, Kamal Al Nasr
Published: 1 January 2022
Nonlinear Engineering, Volume 11, pp 100-111; https://doi.org/10.1515/nleng-2022-0013

Abstract:
In this article, a prey–predator system is considered in Caputo-conformable fractional-order derivatives. First, a discretization process, making use of the piecewise-constant approximation, is performed to secure discrete-time versions of the two fractional-order systems. Local dynamic behaviors of the two discretized fractional-order systems are investigated. Numerical simulations are executed to assert the outcome of the current work. Finally, a discussion is conducted to compare the impacts of the Caputo and conformable fractional derivatives on the discretized model.
Francisco Martínez, Inmaculada Martínez, , Silvestre Paredes
Published: 1 January 2022
Nonlinear Engineering, Volume 11, pp 6-12; https://doi.org/10.1515/nleng-2022-0002

Abstract:
Novel results on conformable Bessel functions are proposed in this study. We complete this study by proposing and proving certain properties of the Bessel functions of first order involving their conformable derivatives or their zeros. We also establish the orthogonality of such functions in the interval [0,1]. This study is essential due to the importance of these functions while modeling various physical and natural phenomena.
Published: 5 December 2021
by MDPI
Fractal and Fractional, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract5040257

Abstract:
In this study, we propose a novel fractional-order Jerk system. Experiments show that, under some suitable parameters, the fractional-order Jerk system displays a chaotic phenomenon. In order to suppress the chaotic behavior of the fractional-order Jerk system, we design two control strategies. Firstly, we design an appropriate time delay feedback controller to suppress the chaos of the fractional-order Jerk system. The delay-independent stability and bifurcation conditions are established. Secondly, we design a suitable mixed controller, which includes a time delay feedback controller and a fractional-order PDσ controller, to eliminate the chaos of the fractional-order Jerk system. The sufficient condition ensuring the stability and the creation of Hopf bifurcation for the fractional-order controlled Jerk system is derived. Finally, computer simulations are executed to verify the feasibility of the designed controllers. The derived results of this study are absolutely new and possess potential application value in controlling chaos in physics. Moreover, the research approach also enriches the chaos control theory of fractional-order dynamical system.
Published: 2 December 2021
by MDPI
Fractal and Fractional, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract5040251

Abstract:
This manuscript investigates an extended boundary value problem for a fractional pantograph differential equation with instantaneous impulses under the Caputo proportional fractional derivative with respect to another function. The solution of the proposed problem is obtained using Mittag–Leffler functions. The existence and uniqueness results of the proposed problem are established by combining the well-known fixed point theorems of Banach and Krasnoselskii with nonlinear functional techniques. In addition, numerical examples are presented to demonstrate our theoretical analysis.
Published: 14 November 2021
by MDPI
Fractal and Fractional, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract5040219

Abstract:
We introduce a new numerical method, based on Bernoulli polynomials, for solving multiterm variable-order fractional differential equations. The variable-order fractional derivative was considered in the Caputo sense, while the Riemann–Liouville integral operator was used to give approximations for the unknown function and its variable-order derivatives. An operational matrix of variable-order fractional integration was introduced for the Bernoulli functions. By assuming that the solution of the problem is sufficiently smooth, we approximated a given order of its derivative using Bernoulli polynomials. Then, we used the introduced operational matrix to find some approximations for the unknown function and its derivatives. Using these approximations and some collocation points, the problem was reduced to the solution of a system of nonlinear algebraic equations. An error estimate is given for the approximate solution obtained by the proposed method. Finally, five illustrative examples were considered to demonstrate the applicability and high accuracy of the proposed technique, comparing our results with the ones obtained by existing methods in the literature and making clear the novelty of the work. The numerical results showed that the new method is efficient, giving high-accuracy approximate solutions even with a small number of basis functions and when the solution to the problem is not infinitely differentiable, providing better results and a smaller number of basis functions when compared to state-of-the-art methods.
Published: 12 November 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Symmetry
Abstract:
The existence of solutions of nonlocal fractional symmetric Hahn integrodifference boundary value problem is studied. We propose a problem of five fractional symmetric Hahn difference operators and three fractional symmetric Hahn integrals of different orders. We first convert our nonlinear problem into a fixed point problem by considering a linear variant of the problem. When the fixed point operator is available, Banach and Schauder’s fixed point theorems are used to prove the existence results of our problem. Some properties of (q,ω)-integral are also presented in this paper as a tool for our calculations. Finally, an example is also constructed to illustrate the main results.
Muhammad Imran Asjad, Abdul Basit, , Sameh Askar,
Published: 28 October 2021
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, Volume 28; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2021.101585

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications (ijocta), Volume 11, pp 52-67; https://doi.org/10.11121/ijocta.2021.1177

Abstract:
The Korteweg–De Vries (KdV) equation has always provided a venue to study and generalizes diverse physical phenomena. The pivotal aim of the study is to analyze the behaviors of forced KdV equation describing the free surface critical flow over a hole by finding the solution with the help of q-homotopy analysis transform technique (q-HATT). he projected method is elegant amalgamations of q-homotopy analysis scheme and Laplace transform. Three fractional operators are hired in the present study to show their essence in generalizing the models associated with power-law distribution, kernel singular, non-local and non-singular. The fixed-point theorem employed to present the existence and uniqueness for the hired arbitrary-order model and convergence for the solution is derived with Banach space. The projected scheme springs the series solution rapidly towards convergence and it can guarantee the convergence associated with the homotopy parameter. Moreover, for diverse fractional order the physical nature have been captured in plots. The achieved consequences illuminates, the hired solution procedure is reliable and highly methodical in investigating the behaviours of the nonlinear models of both integer and fractional order.
Jarunee Soontharanon,
Aims Mathematics, Volume 7, pp 704-722; https://doi.org/10.3934/math.2022044

Abstract:
In this paper, we aim to study the problem of a sequential fractional Caputo $ (p, q) $-integrodifference equation with three-point fractional Riemann-Liouville $ (p, q) $-difference boundary condition. We use some properties of $ (p, q) $-integral in this study and employ Banach fixed point theorems and Schauder's fixed point theorems to prove existence results of this problem.
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