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(searched for: doi:10.22271/tpr.2020.v7.i3.075)
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E K Depari, N Wijayanto, M Rafi, Wiryono, I Z Siregar, L Karlinasari
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 918; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/918/1/012023

Abstract:
Residential areas have the potential to conserve economically and ecologically important local tree species. However, local species to be planted in residential areas, including business and office districts, have to meet certain criteria in accordance mainly with the significant tree functions and services. This study was aimed at investigating the potential of Kayu bawang (Azadirachta excelsa) based on the desired characteristics for urban trees. The analysis of tree characteristics was based on their morphometrics which has been conducted in two planting systems, namely monoculture and polyculture, found on the private forests in Bengkulu Province. The two planting systems of Kayu bawang were reflected in the target location (e.g., roadside, park, and yard). Variables used for assessment included total height, the diameter of breast height, clear stem height, live crown height, the diameter of the crown, live crown ratio, crown projection area, and slenderness ratio. The results showed that the tree crown architecture is classified as decurrent, while the average live crown ratio (LCR) was moderate, which had an average live crown ratio (LCR) of 51-64 %, meaning not too dense appearance. The average slenderness ratio (SR) is generally moderate, where SR of Kayu bawang in monoculture system was 76, polyculture was 54 to 81. It can be concluded that this species does not really meet the criteria as urban trees on roadside because they have moderate LCR and SR values, but they can be used to enrich parks and other sites for promoting local tree identity.
S F Hanum, I D P Darma, M B Atmaja, G A E Oktavia, H Merriansyah, A Fauzi
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 918; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/918/1/012038

Abstract:
Standing trees has a higher risk regarding structural damage that can cause trees or parts of trees to fail. Meanwhile, Bali Botanic Garden is located in a highland area that periodically gets natural disasters such as heavy wind. However, the information on tree stability is little known. Therefore, tree stability at Bali Botanic Garden was assessed using tree slenderness coefficient (SC) as an indicator. Purposive sampling technique was adopted for locations which highly visited. A total of 624 trees with dbh>40 cm were examined as samples. Trees were classified based on their SC as high (>80), moderate (SC:70-80), low (SC<70). Data were analyzed using descriptive and correlation analysis. Tree slenderness coefficient at Bali Botanic Garden classified as low (609 specimens), medium (11 specimens), and high (4 specimens). Trees with the high category were three individuals of Bischofia javanica Blume (SC=82.76, 83.69, and 89.63) and a Syzygium polyanthum (Wight) Walp. (SC=116.13). Trees with high SC had a higher susceptibility to wind-induced damage. There was a negative correlation between SC and others tree parameters except for tree height (r=0.44). Hence appropriate silvicultural treatment like thinning is recommended to enhance better tree development and minimize tree risk.
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