(searched for: doi:10.1016/j.ajpath.2021.02.017)
Frontiers in Genetics, Volume 12; doi:10.3389/fgene.2021.643935
Bromodomain (BRD) proteins exhibit a variety of activities, such as histone modification, transcription factor recruitment, chromatin remodeling, and mediator or enhancer complex assembly, that affect transcription initiation and elongation. These proteins also participate in epigenetic regulation. Although specific epigenetic regulation plays an important role in the occurrence and development of cancer, the characteristics of the BRD family in renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) have not been determined. In this study, we investigated the expression of BRD family genes in KIRC at the transcriptome level and examined the relationship of the expression of these genes with patient overall survival. mRNA levels of tumor tissues and adjacent tissues were extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Seven BRD genes (KAT2A, KAT2B, SP140, BRD9, BRPF3, SMARCA2, and EP300) were searched by using LASSO Cox regression and the model with prognostic risk integration. The patients were divided into two groups: high risk and low risk. The combined analysis of these seven BRD genes showed a significant association with the high-risk groups and lower overall survival (OS). This analysis demonstrated that total survival could be predicted well in the low-risk group according to the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The prognosis was determined to be consistent with that obtained using an independent dataset from TCGA. The relevant biological functions were identified using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA). In summary, this study provides an optimized survival prediction model and promising data resources for further research investigating the role of the expression of BRD genes in KIRC.