(searched for: doi:10.22271/tpr.2020.v7.i3.066)
Published: 25 June 2022
Cytologia, Volume 87, pp 195-200; https://doi.org/10.1508/cytologia.87.195
Karyotype data, male meiosis and pollen fertility of endangered Phlomoides superba (Royle ex Benth.) Kamelin & Makhm., a plant of much medicinal, veterinary and ornamental value was studied. This study is the first report of karyotype and detailed male meiosis in the species. The species exist at the diploid level with 2n=22 chromosomes. The cells were stained with acetocarmine and a standard squash technique was followed to study karyotype and male meiosis in the species. The chromosomes size shows a gradual decrease from 5.25 to 3.42 µm with karyotype formula 2n=16m+6sm. P. superba shows an abnormal meiotic course with anomalies such as early and late disjunction, chromatin stickiness, formation of laggards, chromatin bridges, etc. affecting approximately 17.78% of the total PMCs undergoing the process of reduction division. However, high pollen fertility was seen despite such abnormalities.