(searched for: doi:10.1186/s12889-020-09943-4)
Published: 22 March 2023
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Volume 47; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anzjph.2023.100022
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Published: 2 March 2023
The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 1 March 2023
Journal: Women and Birth
Women and Birth, Volume 36, pp 224-234; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2022.06.012
BMJ Open, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-067054
Introduction: Conducting ethical and high-quality health research is crucial for informing public health policy and service delivery to reduce the high and inequitable burden of disease experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Ethical guidelines and principles specifically for health research with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have been developed for use since 1987. However, there has been limited examination of how these are being applied to the conduct of research.Methods and analysis: Murru Minyawill be a large-scale national study to examine the implementation of ethical processes in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research. A mixed-methods design will be used in fourbaarra(steps). The first threebaarrawill collect knowledge, experiences and wisdom from three key groups: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, research academics, and Human Research Ethics Committees using online surveys, yarning, and semistructured interviews. This knowledge will inform the finalbaarraof developing a set of practical recommendations to support ethical conduct in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research into the future.Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval for this research project has been granted by National, State and Territory Human Research Ethics Committees. This research has been developed in collaboration with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander researchers, Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation representatives, Aboriginal community members, the National Health Leadership Forum, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander research team. The knowledge translation plan will be integrated and revised throughout the project as partnerships and engagement with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities continue. All findings will be shared with peak Aboriginal research bodies and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in ways that are meaningful to them.
Published: 25 January 2023
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032173
As the world journeys towards the endemic phase that follows a pandemic, public health authorities are reviewing the efficacy of COVID-19 pandemic responses. The responses by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Australia have been heralded across the globe as an exemplary demonstration of how self-determination can achieve optimal health outcomes for Indigenous peoples. Despite this success, the impacts of pandemic stressors and public health responses on immediate and long-term mental health and wellbeing require examination. In December 2021, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing leaders and allies (N = 50) attended a virtual roundtable to determine the key issues facing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and communities, and the actions required to address these issues. Roundtable attendees critically reviewed how the rapidly evolving pandemic context has impacted Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB). This paper presents an overview of this national collaborative consultation process, and a summary of the key issues and actions identified. These results build on evidence from other roundtables held in Australia during 2020, and the emerging consensus across the globe that Indigenous self-determination remains essential to Indigenous SEWB, especially during and following a pandemic.
Published: 11 January 2023
Journal: Nutrition & Dietetics
Nutrition & Dietetics; https://doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12792
Published: 1 January 2023
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Volume 242; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2022.109730
Published: 13 October 2022
The Australian Journal of Rural Health, Volume 30, pp 730-737; https://doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12926
BMJ Open, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-065316
Introduction Smoking remains the leading preventable cause of death for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who smoke are more likely to make a quit attempt than their non-Aboriginal counterparts but less likely to sustain the quit attempt. There is little available evidence specifically for and by Indigenous peoples to inform best practice smoking cessation care. The provision of a free Koori Quit Pack with optional nicotine replacement therapy sent by mail may be a feasible, acceptable and effective way to access stop smoking support for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Methods and analysis An Aboriginal-led, multisite non-randomised single-group, pre–post feasibility study across three states in Australia will be conducted. Participants will be recruited via service-targeted social media advertising and during usual care at their Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services. Through a process of self-referral, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who smoke daily will complete a survey and receive mailout smoking cessation support. Data will be collected over the phone by an Aboriginal Research Assistant. This pilot study will inform the development of a larger, powered trial. Ethics and dissemination Ethics approval has been obtained from the Aboriginal Health & Medical Research Council Ethics Committee of New South Wales (NSW) (#1894/21) and the University of Newcastle (#H-2022-0174). Findings will be reported through peer-reviewed journals and presentations at relevant local, national and international conferences. The findings will be shared with the NSW and Victoria Quitline, Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council and Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Organisation and the National Heart Foundation. Trial registration number ACTRN12622000654752.
Published: 17 July 2022
Journal: The Medical Journal of Australia
The Medical Journal of Australia, Volume 217, pp 86-87; https://doi.org/10.5694/mja2.51624
Published: 21 May 2022
The Australian Journal of Rural Health; https://doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12878
Published: 4 May 2022
Journal: Health Sociology Review
Health Sociology Review, Volume 31, pp 193-212; https://doi.org/10.1080/14461242.2022.2091948
Disproportionately high numbers of Aboriginal young people access residential alcohol and other drug programs in Australia. While demand is high, these programs often have low numbers of Aboriginal staff. Residential programs, however, generally offer supports that reflect features of Aboriginal health care – holistic, group-based, connected to local communities, and addressing determinants of health. The qualitative research outlined in this paper was a collaboration between a mainstream residential therapeutic community program and two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations, and Aboriginal young people and researchers, with Aboriginal research leadership. It used an Aboriginal healing framework to understand the experiences of 12 young Aboriginal people in the program, triangulated with 19 key informant interviews. This provided an opportunity to understand how Indigenous knowledge about healing related to mainstream programs and the experiences of Aboriginal young people. This moves beyond individualist and deficit-focused conceptions of youth alcohol and drug use and centres Aboriginal cultures as healing. Findings point to the need for critically self-reflective mainstream organisations, a larger Aboriginal workforce with leadership roles, partnerships with Aboriginal Elders and organisations, and an investment in Aboriginal community-controlled alcohol and other drug services.
Published: 24 March 2022
Journal: Health Promotion International
Health Promotion International; https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daac029
Summary: Social determinants of health have a significant effect on health and wellbeing. There is increasing recognition of the need for health professionals to measure and address the social determinants affecting the health and wellbeing of their clients, yet efforts to do so are hampered by the lack of a validated, brief self-report measure that covers a range of determinants in a single measure. This study aimed to develop and conduct initial validation of a measure of social determinants of health, the Steps to Better Health Questionnaire (STBH-Q). Construct validity was assessed via factorial validity using exploratory factor analysis and second order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), followed by convergent validity against the EQ-5D-5L quality of life measure. Reliability was assessed by exploring internal consistency. A convenience sampling approach was used, and 330 Australian adults aged 18 and over completed the survey. This initial validation suggests an underlying structure of STBH-Q consisting of Access; Employment, Finances & Education; Safety; Physical & Mental Health; and Family & Childhood, confirmed by second-order CFA. Results of convergent validity testing with the EQ-5D-5L demonstrated significant correlations of modest to moderate strength with the instrument as a whole and with the sub-scales in the expected direction. Cronbach’s alpha for the five scales ranged from 0.561 to 0.827. Further development and validation of the STBH-Q is needed to explore alternative questions regarding social connection and habits/addictions and add additional items to factors with only two items.
Published: 3 March 2022
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052939
Objective: To assess the accessibility, availability and utilisation of a comprehensive range of community-based healthcare services for Aboriginal people and describe contributing factors to providing effective healthcare services from the provider perspective. Setting: A remote community in New South Wales, Australia. Participants: Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health and education professionals performing various roles in healthcare provision in the community. Design: Case study. Methodology: The study was co-designed with the community. A mixed-methods methodology was utilised. Data were gathered through structured interviews. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the availability of 40 health services in the community, whilst quotations from the qualitative research were used to provide context for the quantitative findings. Results: Service availability was mapped for 40 primary, specialised, and allied health services. Three key themes emerged from the analysis: (1) there are instances of both underservicing and overservicing which give insight into systemic barriers to interagency cooperation; (2) nurses, community health workers, Aboriginal health workers, teachers, and administration staff have an invaluable role in healthcare and improving patient access to health services and could be better supported through further funding and opportunities for specialised training; and (3) visiting and telehealth services are critical components of the system that must be linked to existing community-led primary care services. Conclusion: The study identified factors influencing service availability, accessibility and interagency cooperation in remote healthcare services and systems that can be used to guide future service and system planning and resourcing.
Published: 25 November 2021
Journal: Australian Health Review
Australian Health Review, Volume 46, pp 170-172; https://doi.org/10.1071/ah21234
The Australian Government responded promptly to the need for minimising patient–clinician contact in the primary care setting during COVID-19 by introducing new funding for telehealth services as part of the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). Funding for both telephone and videoconferencing provided primary care organisations, including Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations (ACCHOs), with the ability to continue meeting the healthcare needs of their Communities, particularly given that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples were identified as susceptible to COVID-19. This perspective considers the need for proactive changes to the MBS to support the delivery of culturally appropriate primary healthcare services, including by mobile clinics, to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples by ACCHOs beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.
Published: 10 November 2021
Canadian Public Administration/administration Publique Du Canada, Volume 64, pp 561-586; https://doi.org/10.1111/capa.12441
The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 14 October 2021
Journal: Frontiers in Public Health
Frontiers in Public Health, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.616742
Introduction: Consistent with the aspirations of First Nations Australians for community control of healthcare services, 123/196 (63%) of Australia's First Nations-specific primary health care services are community-controlled. Yet despite policy commitment over 30 years, the transition of government-run First Nations' primary healthcare services to First Nations community control has been slow. This paper identifies the barriers and enablers to transitioning the delivery of primary healthcare services from Queensland Health to Gurriny Yealamucka community-controlled health service in Yarrabah.Methods: Grounded theory methods were used to select 14 Gurriny and Queensland Health (QH) personnel involved in the transition for interview and to analyse these interview transcripts and 88 Gurriny organisational documents.Results: Barriers and enablers to transition were identified at three levels: those internal factors within Gurriny, external factors directly related to the government handover, and broader structural and policy factors outside the control of either Gurriny or QH. Barriers at the Gurriny organisational level were an internal lack of experience and capacity, and varying levels of community confidence; enablers were leadership stability and capacity, community mandate, relationships with partner organisations, and ability to provide service continuity. Barriers in Gurriny's relationship with QH were a lack of certainty, transparency and prioritisation of the transition process; systemic racism; difficulties obtaining and maintaining the necessary workforce; limited resources including insufficient, unstable and inappropriate funding support; and problems with information sharing; enablers were performance frameworks to keep transition progress on track. Barriers in broad policy environment were an unsupportive Queensland government policy environment; government bureaucracy; and delays, conflicts and divisions; enablers were high-level government support and commitment.Conclusions: The evaluation of Yarrabah's transition process suggests that future such transitions will require planning and commitment to a long-term, multi-faceted and complex process, encompassing the required level of authorisation and resourcing. This case example of a transition from government to community control of PHC highlighted the ongoing power issues that are faced every day by community-controlled organisations that co-exist with mainstream health systems within a colonial power structure.
Published: 28 July 2021
Journal: Frontiers in Oncology
Frontiers in Oncology, Volume 11; https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.725145
Background: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community-Controlled Health Organisations (ACCHOs) provides culturally appropriate primary care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. The population of North Queensland has a higher proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, a greater population coverage of ACCHOs, and higher cervical screening participation than the Rest of Queensland. The association between regional differences in the use of ACCHOs for cervical screening and variations in screening participation among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women is currently unknown.Methods: This is a population-based study of 1,107,233 women, aged 20–69 years who underwent cervical screening between 2013 and 2017. Of these women, 132,972 (12%) were from North Queensland, of which 9% were identified as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women (2% Rest of Queensland) through linkage to hospital records. Regional differentials in screening by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status were quantified using participation rate ratios (PRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from negative binomial regression models. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women being screened at ACCHOs.Results: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women from North Queensland (versus) Rest of Queensland had higher odds of screening at ACCHOs after adjusting for age and area-level variables. After adjustment for non-ACCHO variables, the regional differential in screening among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women was significantly higher (PRR 1.28, 95% CI 1.20–1.37) than that among other Australian women [PRR = 1.11 (1.02–1.18)], but was attenuated on further adjustment for ACCHO variables, [PRR = 1.15, (1.03–1.28)] to become similar to the corresponding point estimate for other Australian women [PRR = 1.09, (1.01–1.20)]. However, the significant interaction between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status and region (p < 0.001) remained, possibly reflecting the large cohort size. Screening participation increased with better access to health services for all women.Conclusions: Improving access to primary health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women, especially through ACCHOs, may reduce existing disparities in cervical screening participation. Further gains will require greater levels of local community engagement and understanding of the experiences of screened Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women to inform effective interventions.
Published: 29 June 2021
Primary Health Care Research & Development, Volume 22; https://doi.org/10.1017/s1463423621000402
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander holistic health represents the interconnection of social, emotional, spiritual and cultural factors on health and well-being. Social factors (education, employment, housing, transport, food and financial security) are internationally described and recognised as the social determinants of health. The social determinants of health are estimated to contribute to 34% of the overall burden of disease experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Primary health care services currently ‘do what it takes’ to address social and emotional well-being needs, including the social determinants of health, and require culturally relevant tools and processes for implementing coordinated and holistic responses. Drawing upon a research-setting pilot program, this manuscript outlines key elements encapsulating a strengths-based approach aimed at addressing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander holistic social and emotional well-being. The Cultural Pathways Program is a response to community identified needs, designed and led by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and informed by holistic views of health. The program aims to identify holistic needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people as the starting point to act on the social determinants of health. Facilitators implement strengths-based practice to identify social and cultural needs (e.g. cultural and community connection, food and financial security, housing, mental health, transport), engage in a goal setting process and broker connections with social and health services. An integrated culturally appropriate clinical supervision model enhances delivery of the program through reflective practice and shared decision making. These embedded approaches enable continuous review and improvement from a program and participant perspective. A developmental evaluation underpins program implementation and the proposed culturally relevant elements could be further tailored for delivery within primary health care services as part of routine care to strengthen systematic identification and response to social and emotional well-being needs.
Published: 1 January 2021
Journal: Australian Health Review
Australian Health Review, Volume 45, pp 395-396; https://doi.org/10.1071/ahv45n4_ed1