(searched for: doi:10.21511/slrtp.10(1).2020.06)
Published: 20 February 2021
Economy of Ukraine, Volume 2021, pp 3-31; https://doi.org/10.15407/economyukr.2021.02.003
The argument for the relevance of the topic of the article is the lack of systematic, interdisciplinary research on modern transformations of the complex world of work and employment, which form a new social and labor reality. The quintessence of the article is a scientific explanation of the philosophy of formation of social and labor reality – XXI, the core of which is the institute Labor4.0 in response to the challenges of the technological structure of “Industry 4.0”. New aspects of work and employment of the first decades of the XXI century are studied, the increase of knowledge in this field is covered by clarifying the essence of the changes caused by the coronaviruscrisis and their consequences for the social and labor platform Labor 4.0. The determinants of the formation of social and labor reality – XXI are identified and substantiated. The necessity of rethinking the prospects of social and labor development in the context of demographic changes is proved, the gains and losses for the “end of labor” in its classical sense are argued, the changes in the social and labor sphere with the formation of a new phenomenon, the post-global economy, are distinguished. The semantic components of the Labor 4.0 model are revealed. Emphasis is placed on the need to implement mixed (non-standard) labor regulations in the context of restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic, which will strengthen socio-economic security at all levels and harmonize relations between all labor market actors. The relationship and interdependence of the two institutions formed during the coronavirus crisis are studied. The priority directions of further development of labor science are outlined. The study focuses on understanding the philosophy of social and labor progress and the formation of modern in the social and labor “field”: Labor 4.0 and the economy of non-standard employment (gig-economy). The necessity of changing the theoretical, philosophical understanding of demoeconomic, technical-technological, epidemiological and social and labor reality is substantiated. The urgency of changing the vectors of socio-economic policy with the advent of worldview, economic and social culture of the new, digital, post-industrial era is proved. The presented scientific argumentation of the philosophy of modern transformations of the social and labor sphere will serve as a scientific basis for further development of the “road map” of its development on the basis of human-centeredness.
Published: 1 January 2021
THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ISSUES OF ECONOMICS pp 27-39; https://doi.org/10.17721/tppe.2021.42.3
The article defines the essence of the process of employment transformation, characterizes current trends related to socio-economic and innovation-technological development of the economy, their impact on employment, human and social capital of organizations. Based on the analysis, it is emphasized that modern changes in the structure of employment are caused by a symbiosis of two factors: the spread of new non-standard forms of employment and models of working time and global digitalization of all spheres of socio-economic activity. Main trends in the field of employment, which are complex in nature, have been identified. In accordance with results of the research, a model of employment transformation under the influence of modern tendencies is built, within the framework of which special attention is paid to the peculiarities of the development of non-standard forms of employment. In order to assess the impact of modern transformational changes in employment and opportunities for national enterprises to adapt to these changes, the potential of Ukraine is analyzed by a system of indicators for assessing the competitiveness of human and social capital in the context of main parameters of modern innovation environment. An assessment of the relationship between the dynamics of main indicators of the banking sector and the level of employment in it by groups of banks, which determined that the causes of qualitative and quantitative changes in employment structure of banking institutions were quarantine measures caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and digitalization. The impact of digitalization and the spread of non-standard forms of employment have led to imbalances in the structure of labor and occupations, loss of much human capital, but made it possible to save the banking system from economic processes caused by the crisis and its social capital. Prospects for the development of human and social capital in accordance with transformational changes in employment in banking sector, involving the mobilization of modern knowledge, skills, development of professional skills and other components that characterize the level of compliance of modern banking with requirements of the profession.
Published: 13 November 2020
Social and labour relations: theory and practice, Volume 10, pp 10-20; https://doi.org/10.21511/slrtp.10(2).2020.02
The article reveals the central role of information and communication technologies in the economy of the country, which have long become an important component of each person’s life and is a defining characteristic of digital transformation. The basis of digitalization is the digital presentation of data, which leads to better quality of life and economic efficiency of the individual country and the world as a whole. The article analyzes the specific features of digital economy and stipulates the consistency of creating the digital employment. It has been determined that the development of the digital economy and digital technologies leads to changes in all spheres of human life, predominantly in employment relations, manifested in the appearance of digital workplaces, workers with digital competencies, specific relations in the digital segment of labor market. The results of the work in the digital segment are the technologies, products, and services, some of which are analyzed in the article (eHealth, digital insurance, e-security, e-rights and e-technical passport, smart cities, SmartFactory – smart production, digital workplace, blockchain, “GAFAnomy”). In the digitalization process, the employment acquires the multivector flexibility, and has both positive and negative consequences. Taking these consequences into consideration is necessary for regulating the economic and social sphere.