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(searched for: doi:10.3390/su11082413)
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Published: 4 May 2022
Maritime Policy & Management pp 1-22; https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839.2022.2068204

Abstract:
This paper elaborates on forecasts in the road traffic and freight flows in the urban–port transport system to quantify the effects of the freight traffic performance considering road capacity expansion in a port city in Poland. The urban–port transport system was broken down into a subsystem of roads that lead directly to the port transshipment areas and a subsystem of urban roads with mixed freight and passenger traffic. The research resulted in an elaborated long-term forecast of freight and traffic flows in the porttransshipmenturban road system. Also, the impact of capacity improvements in the local transport system on port-related freight traffic performance was quantified using an incremental calculus for transport performance for two options: with and without road capacity expansion. As investigated, an intervention will lead to a reduction in time of freight traffic trips, freight transports, and drivers working time as well as to decreased emissions of CO2.
Published: 10 May 2021
by MDPI
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050515

Abstract:
Nowadays, container terminals are subject to extensive technological changes and specific transformations. Changes applied to terminals tend to increase their ability to offer high- end personalized services to the customers and finally affect the competitiveness. The estimation of efficiency corresponds to terminals’ ability to increase the production with a specific level of inputs and has been the topic of many studies, especially those conducted on a wider regional or global level. The main objectives of our research are to evaluate the model, conduct sensitivity analysis, and estimate technical efficiencies on a sample of North Adriatic Ports Association (NAPA) interconnected medium-sized terminals, located in the narrow geographic area, on the same transport corridor thus representing each other’s competition. For that purpose, we have implemented a stochastic frontier approach on a balanced panel dataset of first-order and additionally introduced control input variables with Cobb-Douglas and trans-logarithmic functional forms. The stochastic production frontier estimation shows the range of NAPA terminals’ technical efficiencies from 65.24% to 93.92%, with a global average of 78.49% and a positive trend of 1.28% over the observed period of time. Our findings also indicate that NAPA terminals with the highest estimated technical efficiencies do not necessarily need to be the most productive ones, and vice versa.
Andre Wheeler
Published: 12 March 2021
The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, Ru Yan, Lei Zhang, Borui Yan
Published: 29 January 2021
The International Journal of Logistics Management, Volume 33, pp 1040-1068; https://doi.org/10.1108/ijlm-06-2020-0256

Abstract:
Purpose: The importance of international dry port integration in the supply chain has received a great deal of attention and been widely discussed in the literature. This study empirically examines the relationship among dry port logistics supply chain integration (DPLSCI), its operational performance (OP) and dry port competitiveness (DPC) in the context of China.Design/methodology/approach: The authors developed a structured questionnaire based on the supply chain integration (SCI) theory and resource-based view, and collected data from the dry port operation enterprises and their stakeholders in central and western China. A structural equation model (SEM) is used to test the research hypotheses.Findings: The results demonstrate that DPLSCI has a positive effect on logistics cost performance (LCP) and service quality performance (SQP), which further improves DPC. Meanwhile, OP (LCP and SQP) is a full mediator between DPLSCI and DPC.Practical implications: This paper provides guidelines for dry port operators and their stakeholders to integrate supply chain resources and develop the OP for improving the overall competitiveness of an international dry port. The government could also invest in physical infrastructure and system platform to strengthen the OP of a dry port and further enhance its competitiveness.Originality/value: The authors emphasise that the international dry port is a proactive and integrated system in providing a supply chain logistics service. This study fills up a research gap in the extant literature on theoretically proposing and empirically testing a new theoretical model. It also contributes to dry port stakeholders by providing useful guidelines to enhance OP and dry port competitiveness.
Published: 28 January 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Algorithms
Algorithms, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/a14020042

Abstract:
At container terminals, many cargo handling processes are interconnected and occur in parallel. Within short time windows, many operational decisions need to be made and should consider both time efficiency and equipment utilization. During operation, many sources of disturbance and, thus, uncertainty exist. For these reasons, perfectly coordinated processes can potentially unravel. This study analyzes simulation-based optimization, an approach that considers uncertainty by means of simulation while optimizing a given objective. The developed procedure simultaneously scales the amount of utilized equipment and adjusts the selection and tuning of operational policies. Thus, the benefits of a simulation study and an integrated optimization framework are combined in a new way. Four meta-heuristics—Tree-structured Parzen Estimator, Bayesian Optimization, Simulated Annealing, and Random Search—guide the simulation-based optimization process. Thus, this study aims to determine a favorable configuration of equipment quantity and operational policies for container terminals using a small number of experiments and, simultaneously, to empirically compare the chosen meta-heuristics including the reproducibility of the optimization runs. The results show that simulation-based optimization is suitable for identifying the amount of required equipment and well-performing policies. Among the presented scenarios, no clear ranking between meta-heuristics regarding the solution quality exists. The approximated optima suggest that pooling yard trucks and a yard block assignment that is close to the quay crane are preferable.
, Junjun Li, Xiaoyan Liu, Yongsheng Yang
IEEE Access, Volume 9, pp 13612-13623; https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3049967

Abstract:
Container throughput in Shanghai port has been continually increasing, with severe congestion impacts. The effectiveness and comprehensiveness of governance policies are increasingly important. This study proposes a conceptual framework and simulation of congestion governance measures and their effectiveness on congestion control in a data-driven case study for Shanghai port. The contributions herein serve as a starting point in the identification of four alternative congestion governance options (Increasing the transport infrastructure, Multimodal transport, Smart strategy, and Interconnection), and explore dynamic interactions among them. The design of this study is to firstly develop a container port congestion evaluation model to measure the governance effect; secondly to undertake the triangle analysis in the dynamic system balance: demand of hinterland transport, container port congestion, and container port congestion governance; thirdly to describe four congestion governance options with a detailed description of feedback loops generated by the system dynamics model; finally to propose a policy framework aiming at the advantages and disadvantages of these four options. This study function as stepping stones towards the revealing of the biggest challenge in effective mitigation of port congestion systems by being considered not just a hardware issue (option 1) but more importantly organizational issues (options 2~4). It should be a process of coordination and optimization among 4 options.
, Danilo Stefano Marigo
Published: 1 January 2021
Abstract:
The authors intend to suggest an interpretation of dry ports as functional organs of a larger facility, known in Italy as “interporto,” with reference to an Italian reality. This research fills a gap in literature as to the authors' knowledge. There is lack of research on the dry port concept, and this is the first chapter presenting this concept in an interpretation “functional” to the co-modality model of an “interporto.” The chapter firstly aims at contributing to finding possible contact points between what has up to now been defined as “dry port” and the concept of “co-modality.” The following section briefly defines the characteristics of a facility such as “interporto.” Then the connections between recent developments in shipping and in terminal business and the increased role of dry ports in the value chain are explored. Finally, the authors suggest challenges and opportunities for further study and draw their conclusions.
Published: 15 March 2020
by MDPI
Journal: Sustainability
Sustainability, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062295

Abstract:
The article deals with a specific research study discussing the possibility to revitalize a specific non-functional intermodal transport terminal. The structure of the manuscript consists of five sections. The first part is focused on the analysis of the subject being investigated in important scientific publications. The second part of the article presents a brief analysis of the current situation concerning intermodal transport in the Czech Republic and emphasizes the need to build an intermodal transport terminal in the South Bohemia region. The third section describes the contemporary state of the Nemanice transshipment station, provides a calculation of the terminal transport potential, which is thereafter used in the next paper section in order to design individual terminal elements. The objective of this study is to propose an approach methodology regarding the terminal connection to railway and road infrastructure, necessary quantification of the transport potential, which subsequently defines the operational need for handling equipment, and other parameters of the terminal fundamental elements. This methodological guideline is based on variant recommendations to equip the terminal with various handling devices, which are then evaluated, applying the exact decision making methods. Such an evaluation is included in the fourth part of the article. Here, the authors try to find out which terminal equipment is the most appropriate in terms of overall terminal efficiency. The last part of the manuscript is devoted to the final discussion of the key findings and conclusion containing an insight into potential future projects or studies to be addressed.
Published: 10 January 2020
by MDPI
Journal: Symmetry
Abstract:
Currently, the trade volume between China and the European Union is experiencing rapid growth. However, there are many bottlenecks in the operation of the China Railway Express, such as imbalance in inbound and outbound transported containers in the Sino–European direction and a low profit margin. More than fifty-three rail routes in China provide rail transportation to European cities and have small traffic volumes. However, such a dramatic situation affects transportation costs, which are three times higher compared with maritime transportation, causing uncertainty related to the demand of Chinese customers. This study analyzes the shortcomings of previous research studies related to multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) models applied in the field of logistics and transportation. The study proposes a novel approach to determine the optimal locations of the CR Express international logistics centers. The proposed approach involves the application of a MCDM model using the DEMATEL-MAIRCA method. This technique finds the closest solution to the ideal one by identifying the value of the best alternative in line with the observed criterion, and by measuring the distances of other alternatives according to the observed criterion of the ideal value. Finally, we show the similarity of the proposed methodology to other MCMD methods, which is one of the key topics of the Symmetry Journal, to prove the validity of the applied DEMATEL-MAIRCA method. Preliminary results show that in view of increased container turnover between China and the European Union, the determination of optimal locations for CR Express international logistics centers should be carried out dynamically.
Published: 1 January 2020
by SciELO
Urbe. Revista Brasileira de Gestão Urbana, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-3369.012.e20190302

Abstract:
This article studied the location of dry ports from the perspective of reducing impacts caused by seaport activities on the urban environment. The main objective was to construct a model based on multiple-criteria decision analysis coupled with the geographical information system for selecting areas subject to the location of dry ports. An important point was the definition of restriction and factor criteria for the preparation of this model. The distance from the seaport was defined as the most relevant criterion, followed by the road hierarchy network, population density, vegetation, and declivity, respectively. The predominant restrictive criteria were: permanent conservation areas and non-building zones. For the validation of the model presented, it was necessary to perform a case study on a city located near a seaport, and that has been legalized seaport activities in its legislation. The result showed that the areas nearest to the port, with less density of household units, and located near main roadways are the most feasible for location of dry ports. It was proven that the usage of multi-criteria analysis for selecting areas subject to the location of dry ports can be a manner for added support in the preparation of master plans for cities surrounded by seaport areas.
Published: 1 January 2020
by MDPI
Journal: Sustainability
Sustainability, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010345

Abstract:
CO2 emissions reduction has long been discussed, since the problem is one of the most urgent issues we human beings are faced with in the 21st century. Time-sharing electric vehicles (TSEVs), combining the benefits of cleaner energy and more sufficient utilization, are considered a sustainable future transportation tool, with increasing support from governments around the world. Although numerous studies have been carried out in this domain, few have studied the development process, considering the inverse interrelations, including the policy implementation effects and user choice, in a dynamic way. This research fills the previous academic gap and presents a system dynamics (SD) model incorporating scenario analysis to simulate the effect of introducing time-sharing electric vehicles in changing the user quantities in transportation tools, including public and private sectors, under different levels of government subsidies, thus providing policy implications and ex-ante assessment for the subsidies. The results suggest that it is not the greater the subsidy, the better the effect. Considering that one of the purposes of introducing TSEVs is to reduce private vehicles, there is a threshold for user transfer. It is actually under low subsidy that private internal combustion engine vehicle (ICV) users are most attracted to the TSEVs compared to the medium and high ones. The gap between the simulation results and common sense reminds us that ex-ante assessment and overall planning in the process of industry development are necessary.
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