(searched for: doi:10.26717/bjstr.2018.06.001297)
Nutrients, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030772
The right amount and quality of amino acids (AAs) supplied to patients on parenteral nutrition (PN) reduces muscle mass loss, may preserve or even increase it, with significant clinical benefits. Several industrial PN mixtures are available so that nutrition specialists can choose the product closest to the patient’s needs. In selected cases, there is the possibility of personalizing compounded mixtures in a hospital pharmacy that completely meets the individual nutritional needs of PN patients. This narrative review deals with the AA solutions used in PN mixtures. The physiology, the methods to calculate the AA needs, and the AA and energy requirements suggested by scientific guidelines for each patient type are also reported.
Published: 1 July 2019
2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (embc), Volume 2019, pp 1363-1366; https://doi.org/10.1109/embc.2019.8857323
Conference: 2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC), 2019-7-23 - 2019-7-27, Berlin, Germany
Nutritional requirements vary during a patient's stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and their calculation can be relatively complex. During ICU stay nutrition requirements are rarely met, especially during the initial days of the hospitalization. Studies have shown that poor nutrition is associated with adverse patient outcome. This study examines for correlation between poor nutrition (calories, proteins, lipids and micronutrients) during the 1 st week of ICU stay and adverse patient outcome. Nutritional adherence effect is examined on groups of patients, such as patients with high BMI that receive low nutrition and critically ill males. Regarding the latter analysis, an accuracy rate of 76.4% was achieved when classifying the critically ill males towards their outcome. The results of this work could contribute to the development of smart alarms in the ICU.