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(searched for: doi:10.4271/2012-01-1637)
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Xin Wang, Qian Zhang, Fangjie Liu, Yifan Jin, Xin Li
Published: 20 December 2021
Scientific Reports, Volume 11, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-03693-y

Abstract:
Reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) engines have a high thermal efficiency as well as low emissions of soot and nitrogen oxides (NOx). However, there is a conflict between combustion stability and harmful emissions at high engine load. Therefore, this work presented a novel approach for regulating n-butanol/methyl oleate dual fuel RCCI at high engine load in attaining lower pollutant emissions while maintaining stable combustion and avoiding excessive in-cylinder pressure. The tests were conducted on a single cylinder engine under rated speed and 90% full load. In this study, n-butanol was selected as a low-reactivity fuel for port injection, and n-butanol/methyl oleate blended fuel was used for in-cylinder direct injection. Combustion and emission characteristics of the engine were first investigated with varied ratios of n-butanol port injection (PFI) and direct injection (DI). Results showed that as the ratio of n-butanol PFI and DI rose, the peak cylinder pressure and heat release rate increased, while NOx and soot emissions reduced, and carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions increased under most test conditions. When RNBPI = 40% and RNBDI = 20%, the soot and NOx emissions of the engine were near the lowest values of all test conditions, yet the peak in-cylinder pressure and fuel consumption could not increase significantly. Therefore, the possibility of optimizing the combustion process and lowering emissions by adjusting the pilot injection strategy was investigated utilizing these fuel injection ratios. The results revealed that with an appropriate pilot injection ratio and interval, the peak in-cylinder pressure and NOx emission were definitely reduced, while soot, CO, and HC emissions did not significantly increase.
Xiaodan Cui, Peng Lu, Hiroki Nakamura, Mitsuhiro Matsunaga, Akira Kikusato, Kusaka Jin, Yasuhiro Daisho
Published: 1 April 2014
SAE Technical Paper Series; https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-01-1392

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