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(searched for: doi:10.1063/1.5011530)
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M Rahmat, B T Premono, , E A Waluyo, A Sumadi, F Azwar, A Kurniawan,
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 298; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/298/1/012038

Abstract:
The swamp buffalo of Pampangan (swamp buffalo) is one of South Sumatran germplasm that has the potential to be developed as one of the livelihoods of the people in peat swamp land. Currently, its farming extends from the farm area of origin in Pampangan area to the development area in Riding Village, Pangkalan Lampam Subdistrict, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency. Its expansion is mostly located within production forest area which is adjacent to Wildlife Sanctuary (WS) of Padang Sugihan. In the last decade, its population has increased both by birth and displacement. This phenomenon may cause competition in obtaining food and trigger damage to Padang Sugihan WS ecosystem. In order to support the sustainability of its business and to maintain the preservation of Padang Sugihan WS ecosystem, the optimum management of buffalo farming is required. Biophysical analysis of optimum grazing area, optimization studies and livestock business analysis are the methods used in this study. The results show that the total area of grazing area outside Padang Sugihan WS area is 1,646 ha and optimum population per ha is 3 buffalos. Analysis of its business analysis showed that financial feasibility was feasible. They indicate that buffalo farm business is potential developed as an alternative to community livelihoods in peat lands. In order to maintain the preservation of forest ecosystems and sustainability of community livelihoods, it is necessary to improve the grazing pattern and management of grazing areas. Hence the fodder is fulfilled without damaging the area of Padang Sugihan WS. Introduction.
, , Arum Setiawan, Veronika Larasati
Published: 27 November 2018
E3S Web of Conferences, Volume 68; https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20186801002

Abstract:
Swamp buffalo (Bubalusbubalis) is one of the endemic species that become a wealth of genetic resources of South Sumatra. This study aims to the genetic variation and relationships of kinship 6 variants of swamp buffalo South Sumatera. The methods used by the molecular approach using RAPD-PCR primer 5 i.e. ILO 1204, ILO 1212, ILO 525, OPW 03 and OPY 13. Data was analyzed using SPSS ver 16.0 and presented in dendrogram. The results of the amplification, all primary produce band with a total of 63 band of DNA (14.92%) with an average of every primary produce 12.6 band of DNA. The most primary produce DNA polymorphic bands namely OPW 03 (23.81%) and ILO 1204 (20.63%), while the primary ILO 525 (0.00%) do not generate polymorphic bands. Genetic variation of swamp buffalo has a low genetic variation with 14.92% percentage it generated polymorphic bands. The results of the dendogram obtained two clusters namely cluster 1 included Kerbau Tanduk Bulat, Kerbau Tanduk Langit, Kerbau Tanduk Melintang and Kerbau Tanduk Dungkul, while the cluster 2 of them Kerbau Bule and Kerbau Rebah Belakang. Swamp buffalo variants that have the closest genetic distance. Kerbau Tanduk Langit and Kerbau Tanduk Bulat with 856 coefficient similarity, while the farthest Kerbau Tanduk Langit and Kerbau Bule with the coefficient similarity -972. Swamp buffalo (Bubalusbubalis) of South Sumatera, which consists of 6 variants of buffalo have low genetic variation and inbreeding of closekinship.
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