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Eja Armaz Hardi
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 16, pp 15-29; doi:10.21274/epis.2021.16.01.15-29

Abstract:
Since the last two decades, charity movements have been flourishing in Indonesian Islamic landscape. These organisations are involving not only state sponsored organizations, but also non-government associations and professional industries. This article exclusively discusses the youth-based charity movements in two important Islamic universities in Indonesia and tries to offer a new glance of youth charity movement as to which their movement relates to the issue of identity and social welfare. The article uses a qualitative method through a systematic literature review, in-depth interview, and observation to the activities of two youth-based charity movements at two state Islamic universities in Jambi and Surabaya. This paper further argues that the spirit of philanthropic movement does not only depend on economic wealth, but also on social solidarity, Islamic principle of economic distribution, and networks among the students that have been successfully translated into both social welfare activism and humanitarian activities.
Nico J.G. Kaptein
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 16, pp 1-14; doi:10.21274/epis.0.0.00.00-00

Abstract:
In his seminal Islam Observed: Religious Developments in Morocco and Indonesia from 1968, the American anthropologist Clifford Geertz (1926-2006) placed the comparative study of Muslim societies on the research agenda. In view of my knowledge on the history of Islam in Indonesia, it stroke me that the political dimension of religion did not take an important place in the book. This is the more remarkable because during Geertz’s fieldwork in Java in 1953-4 manifestations of political Islam regularly popped up, and Geertz did not only notice those, but also recorded them in his book The Religion of Java from 1960. In this paper I will go into the question of why Geertz did not give a more prominent place to political Islam in his analysis of Muslim cultures, and what concepts of both Islam and religion he used.
Nico J.G. Kaptein
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 16, pp 1-14; doi:10.21274/epis.2021.16.01.1-14

Abstract:
In his seminal Islam Observed: Religious Developments in Morocco and Indonesia from 1968, the American anthropologist Clifford Geertz (1926-2006) placed the comparative study of Muslim societies on the research agenda. In view of my knowledge on the history of Islam in Indonesia, it stroke me that the political dimension of religion did not take an important place in the book. This is the more remarkable because during Geertz’s fieldwork in Java in 1953-4 manifestations of political Islam regularly popped up, and Geertz did not only notice those, but also recorded them in his book The Religion of Java from 1960. In this paper I will go into the question of why Geertz did not give a more prominent place to political Islam in his analysis of Muslim cultures, and what concepts of both Islam and religion he used.
Asfa Widiyanto
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 16, pp 31-58; doi:10.21274/epis.2021.16.01.31-58

Abstract:
Throughout Islamic history, we observe enmity and conflicts between Sunnism and Shiism, nonetheless there has been also reconciliation between these sects. This article examines the opportunities and challenges of Sunni-Shia convergence in Indonesia. Such a picture will reveal a better understanding of the features of Sunni-Shia convergence in the country and their relationship with the notion of ‘Indonesian Islam’. The hostility between Shiism and Sunnism in Indonesia is triggered by misunderstandings between these sects, politicisation of Shiism, as well as geopolitical tensions in the Middle East. These constitute the challenges of Sunni-Shia convergence. One may also observe the ventures of Sunni-Shia convergence which have been undertaken by the scholars of the Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah, and other Islamic civil society organisations. Grounding on these enterprises and the enduring elaboration of ‘Indonesian Islam’, the opportunities of and the prospects for Sunni-Shia rapprochement in the country are envisaged.
Uswatun Hasanah, Annas Ribab Sibilana, Nurhidayati Nurhidayati
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.283-300

Abstract:
The curriculum is the most important element in the educational process. The curriculum is constantly changing in order to find the perfect formula to improve the quality of education. The change is not only caused by the development of science and technology, but social aspects or even a disaster can also be the factors for changing curriculum. Such as non-natural disasters, which have attacked Indonesia since March 2020, namely the COVID-19 Pandemic. The pandemic demands that education managers in each institution to innovate in compiling a curriculum that can be implemented effectively and efficiently. Such as the child-friendly curriculum implemented in MI Barokah At-Tahdzib. The study aims to explain the implementation of the child-friendly curriculum at MI Barokah At-Tahdzib during the Covid 19 Pandemic. The method used is a qualitative method with interactive model data analysis techniques. The results of this study indicate that the child-friendly curriculum is implemented by 1) implementing offline learning while still paying attention to health protocols 2) Creating study groups consisting of a maximum of 12 children to reduce social and physical distance with a learning duration of 1.5-2 hours 3) Assessment Learning cognitive and psychomotor aspects carried out in a network via Whatsapp and google form, the cost of sending affective aspects is carried out by observation techniques when face-to-face group learning
Ahmad Zulfiyan
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.175-195

Abstract:
The social-relational lives of girls and boys often experience various problems of gender injustice, which are manifested in the form of gender stereotyping. This paper aims to analyze aspects of gender stereotyping and their implications for social resilience in children in the context of relations between girls and boys and their environment. The data collection relies on the literature study and interviews with one expert who is an lecturer as well as a child rights activist. This paper explains that gender stereotype has been done since childhood, even before the child is born. The stereotype is perpetuated through various socializations: through families, schools, and the general public environment. Gender stereotype has an impact on children's social resilience, particularly how children react in society. The difference of perceptions in children with society expectations makes them feel confused and uncomfortable with themself.
Yubaedi Siron
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.325-346

Abstract:
Father involvement in parenting is an important factor in the process of child development. However, the involvement of fathers in childcare is very low. The objective of this study is to explore and find out how fathers are involved in parenting of children with separation anxiety disorder. This research uses a qualitative approach. Collecting data in this study using structured interviews. Participants were selected using purposive sampling. Participants in this study were 3 fathers who have children with Separation Anxiety Disorder (ASD). The results showed that the involvement of fathers in childcare plays an important role in the development of children with ASD. Fathers have done a good role in parenting for ASD children, as well as a good relationship between father and children with ASD. Fathers have varied activities to stimulate their ASD children, as well as positive communication by fathers to their children. Fathers give good understanding to their children and provide follow-up on their parenting involvement.
Ika Siti Rukmana
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.219-238

Abstract:
Abstrak: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi dismilaritas anak lelaki dan anak perempuan pada kognitif dan sosial emosionalnya. Metodenya menggunakan library research. pengumpulan data dari jurnal, buku, dll. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dismilaritas gender pada kognitif anak usia dini adalah anak lelaki lebih unggul dalam matematika dan visualspasial. Sedangkan. dismilaritas gender pada sosial-emosional anak usia dini, yakni anak perempuan lebih dalam membaca dan writing, anak lelaki kurang mengikuti nuraninya, anak lelaki lebih agresif fisiknya, anak perempuan lebih bisa mempengaruhi dalam bergosip, anak perempuan lebih bisa kontrol diri, anak lelaki lebih sering mendapat masalah dari eksternalnya, dan anak perempuan lebih memperhatikan guru di kelas. Terdapat strategi mendidik anak lelaki, yaitu ajaklah anak lelaki agar lebih sensitif, mengurangi keagresifan fisiknya, dan tingkatkanlah prestasi di sekolah. Adapun strategi dalam mendidik anak perempuan, yaitu apresiasilah dan dukunglah anak perempuan dalam kepekaannya dan pengasuhan, serta ajaklah anak perempuan agar lebih aktif dalam mengungkapkan aspirasinya. Kata kunci: Dismilaritas, gender, kognitif, sosial-emosional, anak T The aim of this study is to identify boys and girls in cognitive and social emotional. The method uses library research. data from journals, books, etc. The results showed that gender dysmillarity in early childhood cognitive was that boys were superior in mathematics and visual spatial. While. gender dysmillarity in the socio-emotional early childhood, namely girls who read and write more, boys follow their conscience less, boys are more physically aggressive, girls are more able to influence gossip, girls are more self-controlling, boys more often get into trouble from externals, and girls pay more attention to teachers in class. There is a strategy to educate boys, namely to invite boys to be more sensitive, reduce physical aggressiveness, and increase achievement in school. As for the strategy in educating girls, namely appreciating and supporting girls in their sensitivity and nurture, and encourage girls to be more active in expressing their aspirations Keywords: Dysmilarity, gender, cognitive, social-emotional, child.
Miranti Dian Laksmono
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.239-250

Abstract:
This paper discusses various factors behind the ethnic Tamil women who decided to join the terrorist militia group, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), in the northern and southeastern parts of Sri Lanka. In this discussion it is known that there are three factors that affect the decision of Tamil women ​​to join the LTTE, namely: first, the existence of the Tamil community as an ethnic minority. Second, the occurrence of mass sexual violence and abuse among Tamil women, perpetuated by the Sri Lanka’s majority ethnic group. Finally, the decision of Tamil women to join LTTE is due to the pressure that structurally and culturally appears in communities in conflictual areas. Through these three factors, Tamil women ​​then chose to leave their comfort zone and reconstructed their identity by joining the LTTE terrorist militia group. In this case, the involvement of female LTTE combatants in Sri Lanka is not only an attempt to eradicate negative views regarding femininity through military activities, but also a symbol of successful self-liberalization from the practice of gender oppression in conflict situations
Chusnul Chotimah
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.195-218

Abstract:
Asumsi secara umum menyatakan bahwa manajemen jika diterapkan dengan kebijakan segregasi gender maka akan menjadi bias atau mengalami ketimpangan. Apalagi jika diterapkan di lembaga pendidikan. Hal ini dikhawatirkan terjadi diskriminasi gender dalam dunia pendidikan yang bertentangan dengan UU No. 7 tahun 1984 terkait penghapusan segala bentuk diskriminasi terhadap perempuan (CEDAW), UU No. 25 tahun 2000 tentang Program Pembangunan Nasional (PROPENAS) peningkatan kualitas perempuan, dan juga bertentangan dengan konsep Islam itu sendiri yang tidak pernah membedakan antara laki-laki dan perempuan kecuali tingkat ketaqwaan. Namun faktanya asumsi negative tersebut tidaklah sepenuhnya terbukti. Faktanya, MA Darul Hikmah sebagai lembaga pendidikan Islam berbasis pondok pesantren yang menerapkan segregasi gender tetap menjadi rujukan masysarakat. Argumentasi apa yang menjadi alasan para orang tua? Bagaimana pelaksanaan manajemen segregasi gender tersebut, dan bagaimana implikasinya?, itulah yang menjadi kajian artikel ini. Berbekal dengan penggalian data di lapangan melalui wawancara dengan kiai, pengasuh, ustadz, peserta didik (santri), dan orang tua, didukung dokumentasi dan observasi yang telah dianalisis dengan teori Milles and Hubberman, didapatkan hasil sebagai berikut: 1) Alasan penerapan manajemen peserta didik berbasis segregasi gender adalah menjaga tradisi pewarisan pesantren, penegakkan doktrin agama, dan optimalisasi peran dan prestasi peserta didik; 2) Pelaksanaan segregasi gender bukanlah dalam kerangka diskriminasi pendidikan antara laki-laki dan perempuan, bukan menjadi penghambat pelaksanaan pembelajaran, tetapi justru dapat memunculkan kreatifitas manakala secara substansi peserta didik diberi hak, akses, peran, dan partisipasi yang sama (ballancing management). Kebijakan ballancing gender menjadi pendorong manajemen responsif gender; 3) Dengan segregasi gender justru mampu memberikan value kepada peserta didik dalam hal pembentukan karaktek dan mencegah pergaulan bebas sebagai implikasi positif. Sementara implikasi negatif mengarah pada interaksi canggung dengan lawan jenis dan menurunnya motivasi dalam belajar.
Yuliana Jetia Moon
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.301-324

Abstract:
Penelitian ini dibangun dengan pertanyaan mendasar, “Apakah benar masyarakat patrilineal di NTT zaman dahulu telah membangun mindset bahwa perempuan ditakdirkan harus berkarakter feminim di dalam dirinya?” Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan perbandingan karakter maskulin dan karakter feminim pada tokoh perempuan di dalam dongeng-dongeng daerah NTT. Teknik penyediaan data ditempuh peneliti melalui studi pustaka. Analisis data meliputi tahap membaca, mengidentifikasi, mengklasifikasi, dan menginterpretasi, dan menyajikan hasil analisis data. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah dongeng-dongeng daerah NTT yang secara dominan menempatkan tokoh perempuan di dalam cerita. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa pengelompokan karakter maskulin dan feminim yang ditampilkan di dalam dongeng sangat bias. Garis identifikasi karakter yang harus ada pada laki-laki dan karakter yang harus ada pada perempuan bersifat luas atau tidak ketat. Data-data dalam dongeng yang menujukkan karakter maskulin pada tokoh perempuan sebanyak 69%, sedangkan data yang menunjukkan karakter feminim sebanyak 31%. Berdasarkan pada hasil analisis dapat disimpulkan bahwa perempuan, di dalam dongeng-dongeng NTT, digambarkan memiliki sisi maskulinitas. Dalam banyak hal, tokoh perempuan digambarkan memiliki kesamaan ciri dengan laki-laki, seperti berprestasi, memiliki relasi, independen, memiliki keberanian, dan menolak penindasan.
Sitti Muthia Maghfirah Massinai
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.267-282

Abstract:
Remaja memiliki tugas perkembangan yaitu bergaul dengan teman sebaya, mencari identitas diri, dan eksplorasi lingkungan. Meskipun demikian, masih banyak remaja yang memutuskan untuk menikah di usia yang masih belia. Sementara, menjalin hubungan intimasi dengan lawan jenis merupakan tugas perkembangan masa dewasa awal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi makna pernikahan bagi wanita yang menikah di usia < 19 tahun. Partisipan penelitian adalah tiga wanita yang menikah di usia < 19 tahun, telah memiliki anak, dan berdomisili di Kota Makassar bersama suaminya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Data penelitian diperoleh menggunakan interview semi-terstruktur dan diolah menggunakan analisis data Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: a) Perasaan saling suka merupakan hal mendasar yang melatarbelakangi remaja menikah dini; b) Kesiapan pernikahan ditandai dengan durasi pacaran yang lama dan belief akan proses lamaran; c) Perubahan yang terjadi sebelum dan setelah menikah menimbulkan berbagai jenis emosi. Terlebih pada perubahan pada pergaulan dengan teman sebaya memunculkan emosi negatif; d) Coping strategy yang kurang tepat membuat masalah yang terjadi dalam kehidupan pernikahan tidak terselesaikan dengan baik; serta e) Aspek spritual memainkan peranan besar dalam membentuk komitmen pernikahan.
Noer Aziza
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.2.251-266

Abstract:
The role of mothers in the family environment plays a quite dominant role in terms of children's education that makes a mother hold high responsibility in the progress of a nation. Therefore, a mother is required to have high self-quality to be able to educate future generations. But in reality in Indonesia there are still many quality mothers who still do not meet the needs and eligibility as a teacher in a household. For this reason, this study wants to find the level of quality of children's education from the role of a mother by conducting a study of the data obtained and found solutions to improve the quality of the mother. The results of this study indicate that with some actions will provide a positive thing for the quality and role of mothers in realizing the future of the nation through the future of a child as the successor generation of his nation.
Bahrul Ulum
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 22-41; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.22-41

Abstract:
This paper aims to study the storytelling method for early childhood education in the Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad r, where many stories are told by the Prophet which contain educational values. Prophet Muhammad as a great educator realizes that the storytelling method is very effective in instilling faith and character building in children's souls, because in the storytelling method there is an attraction that can touch the souls of listeners/students as if he lives in the story and become one of the actors. The story method in Islamic education has functions and tasks that are not found in other educational methods, it is very effective for attracting the children’s attention and stimulating their brains well, and the story in the Hadith Al-Shareef has features that impact on children's psychology and education which are very strong, clear, and long-term. Therefore, The Prophet Muhammad is the most powerfull model for us in educating our children.
Azam Syukur Rahmatullah
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 42-65; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.42-65

Abstract:
Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui lebih dalam kenakalan-kenakalan apa saja yang terjadi di pesantren, dan hasil penemuan penelitian dapat mengklasifikasikan jenis-jenis kenakalan remaja kaum santri di pesantren. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kenakalan remaja terjadi di manapun dan dalam situasi apapun, termasuk di ranah pesantren. Beberapa penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku-perilaku santri terkadang nganeh-nganehi dan bisa dikatakan menyimpang dari aturan kepesantrenan. Hal yang demikian adalah fakta dan nyata. Oleh karena itu, dalam hal ini peneliti berupaya untuk menelaah lebih dalam lagi perihal kenakalan-kenakalan remaja santri yang terjadi di pesantren. Tujuan dari literatur dan sifat dari penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif dan eksploratif yang mengkaji secara mendalam untuk menemukan hal-hal baru, yang kaitannya dengan kenakalan remaja kaum santri di pesantren. Sedangkan analisisnya menggunakan studi content analysis yakni penelitian yang bersifat pembahasan mendalam terhadap isi suatu infomasi tertulis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penyebab kenakalan-kenakalan remaja santri antara lain dilihat dari individu santri, lingkungan pesantren dan lingkungan relationship antar santri. Adapun tingkatan kenakalan remaja santri terbagi menjadi tiga yakni kenakalan tingkat bawah, sedang dan tinggi. Sedangkan penanganan yang dilakukan pesantren untuk mengatasi kenakalan remaja santri menggunakan pendekatan antara lain pendekatan hati ke hati (touching heart), pendekatan spiritual-religius, sampai pada pendekatan yang berbasis kedisiplinan yang sifatnya tegas sesuai aturan yang berlaku.
Rajab Rajab, Zulmuqim Zulmuqim, Rully Hidayatullah
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 66-86; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.66-86

Abstract:
Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan proses pembelajaran berbasis teknoligi informasi di pesantren, medorong pendidik/guru di pesantren menggunakan teknologi informasi dalam proses pembelajaran. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif dan dipadukan dengan kajian perpustakaan, sehingga akan mendapatkan konsep dan kajian yang mampu membawa pesantren ke era revolusi industeri 4.0. Permasalahan yang terjadi di pesantren antara lain proses pembelajaran di kelas masih terpusat pada guru, sumber pengetahuan utama masih berasal dari guru dan literasi yang berkembang masih calistung (membaca, menulis dan berhitung). Hasil penelitian antara lain; pimpinan pesantren dapat melaksanakan pembelajaran berbasis teknologi informasi mengunakan Learning Management System (LMS), seperti; Google Classroom, Zoom Clouds Meeting, Schoology dan LMS lainnya. Sehingga proses pembelajaran tidak hanya terpusat pada guru tetapi terpusat pada peserta didik/santri dan literasi yang digunakan adalah literasi data, literasi manusia dan literasi teknologi. Kata Kunci: Revolusi Industri 4.0, pembelajaran, teknologi informasi.
Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus, Junanah Junanah Junanah, Muhammad Dwi Toriyono
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 181-201; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.181-201

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the findings related to the affective aspects of the novel “Muhammad: Lelaki Penggenggam Hujan” by Tasaro GK. This is motivated by the facts which show that learning of Islamic History and Culture is still mostly done based on cognitive aspects alone. This is certainly not in line with the characteristics of these learning which not only include the development of the cognitive aspects of students, but also demands empowerment in the affective and psychomotor aspects. So that one alternative problem solving that can be offered is to use novels as a source of affective learning. The discussion in this study was carried out with a content analysis consisting of four steps; data procurement, data reduction, data analysis, and inference. The results of data analysis show that there are various forms of simulations on the level of affective aspects in the novel “Muhammad: Lelaki Penggenggam Hujan”.
Azam Syukur Rahmatullah, Halim Purnomo
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 222-245; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.222-245

Abstract:
Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui lebih dalam kenakalan-kenakalan apa saja yang terjadi di pesantren, dan hasil penemuan penelitian dapat mengklasifikasikan jenis-jenis kenakalan remaja kaum santri di pesantren. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kenakalan remaja terjadi di manapun dan dalam situasi apapun, termasuk di ranah pesantren. Beberapa penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku-perilaku santri terkadang nganeh-nganehi dan bisa dikatakan menyimpang dari aturan kepesantrenan. Hal yang demikian adalah fakta dan nyata. Oleh karena itu, dalam hal ini peneliti berupaya untuk menelaah lebih dalam lagi perihal kenakalan-kenakalan remaja santri yang terjadi di pesantren. Tujuan dari literatur dan sifat dari penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif dan eksploratif yang mengkaji secara mendalam untuk menemukan hal-hal baru, yang kaitannya dengan kenakalan remaja kaum santri di pesantren. Sedangkan analisisnya menggunakan studi content analysis yakni penelitian yang bersifat pembahasan mendalam terhadap isi suatu infomasi tertulis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penyebab kenakalan-kenakalan remaja santri antara lain dilihat dari individu santri, lingkungan pesantren dan lingkungan relationship antar santri. Adapun tingkatan kenakalan remaja santri terbagi menjadi tiga yakni kenakalan tingkat bawah, sedang dan tinggi. Sedangkan penanganan yang dilakukan pesantren untuk mengatasi kenakalan remaja santri menggunakan pendekatan antara lain pendekatan hati ke hati (touching heart), pendekatan spiritual-religius, sampai pada pendekatan yang berbasis kedisiplinan yang sifatnya tegas sesuai aturan yang berlaku.
Rajab Rajab, Zulmuqim Zulmuqim, Rully Hidayatullah
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 246-266; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.246-266

Abstract:
Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan proses pembelajaran berbasis teknoligi informasi di pesantren, medorong pendidik/guru di pesantren menggunakan teknologi informasi dalam proses pembelajaran. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif dan dipadukan dengan kajian perpustakaan, sehingga akan mendapatkan konsep dan kajian yang mampu membawa pesantren ke era revolusi industeri 4.0. Permasalahan yang terjadi di pesantren antara lain proses pembelajaran di kelas masih terpusat pada guru, sumber pengetahuan utama masih berasal dari guru dan literasi yang berkembang masih calistung (membaca, menulis dan berhitung). Hasil penelitian antara lain; pimpinan pesantren dapat melaksanakan pembelajaran berbasis teknologi informasi mengunakan Learning Management System (LMS), seperti; Google Classroom, Zoom Clouds Meeting, Schoology dan LMS lainnya. Sehingga proses pembelajaran tidak hanya terpusat pada guru tetapi terpusat pada peserta didik/santri dan literasi yang digunakan adalah literasi data, literasi manusia dan literasi teknologi. Kata Kunci: Revolusi Industri 4.0, pembelajaran, teknologi informasi.
Imroatul Ajizah, Muhammad Nurul Huda
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 333-352; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.333-352

Abstract:
Peserta didik abad 21 merupakan generasi yang paling akrab dengan teknologi dibanding dengan generasi sebelumnya. Dengan mengetahui hal tersebut, penting untuk guru mengintegrasikan teknologi ke dalam pembelajaran guna mengimbangi kebutuhan dan kondisi peserta didik di era saat ini. Namun, pengintegrasian teknologi tidak akan efektif jika tidak dibarengi dengan kemampuan pedagogi dan pengetahuan materi pembelajaran yang memadai, karena ketiga hal tersebut merupakan kerangka yang saling berkaitan satu sama lain. Pandangan transformatif ini menampilkan sifat dinamis dari interkoneksi konten, pedagogi, dan teknologi dalam konteks pendidikan menuju pengembangan pengetahuan yang disebut sebagai TPACK. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode literatur review dengan cara menelusuri berbagai referensi yang berkaitan dengan judul. Hasil temuan menunjukkan bahwa TPACK memiliki peran yang sangat penting sebagai bekal guru dalam pembelajaran PAI. Dengan menguasai TPACK, guru PAI dapat menyajikan pembelajaran yang inovatif dan kreatif, serta efektif di dalam kelas sehingga peserta didik dengan mudah memahami pembelajaran yang sedang berlangsung. Hal ini berdampak pada meningkatnya kualitas pembelajaran PAI.
Zaenani Nani Qodriyatun, Muqowim Muqowim, Radjasa Radjasa
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 267-285; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.267-285

Abstract:
: This library research study attempts to answer two questions. First, how had KH. Wahid Hasyim thought about character education? Second, how the character implementation likes reading according to KH. Wahid Hasyim on the current condition of reading power in Indonesia, especially madrasa students? Through inductive analysis, two findings are produced. First, there are eight character values that educated by KH. Wahid Hasyim. The eight values are religious, tolerance, self-attendance, democratic, nationalism, love for the motherland, friendly or communicative, and fond of reading. The second finding in this study, that the fondness of reading KH. Wahid Hasyim is in line with what is contained in the Law on the National Education System (National Education System) No. 20 of 2003 article 4 paragraph 5 which explains that education is carried out by developing a culture of reading, writing and arithmetic for all citizens. Also in line with the command of Allah in the teachings of Islam contained in the first revelation that is "Read in the name of your Lord who created," (Surah Al-'Alaq 96: Verse 1)
Ica Putri Cahayaningsih
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 353-376; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.353-376

Abstract:
Analysis of the items is adjusted to the material provided in the textbook, whether the questions available in the book or not, because in some cases it not in accordance with the questions. in addition the authors, also analyzed the items contained in the book with HOTS qualification categories based on Bloom’s Taxonomy. this study aims to describe wether the questions presented in thr studebt book (BSE) History of Islamic culture class IV curriculum 2013 published by Ministry of Religion in 2014 aew in accordance with the level HOTS category in Bloom’s Taxonomy. The data analyzed in this study are the study questions presented in the student’s book. The analysis technique used in the research is descriptive statistical analysis and with resulting data in the form of percentages. The result of the analysis in this study indicate that the questions contained in the SKI student book are presented with the proportion (1) 78% of questions in LOTS category, (2) 21% of questions in the MOTS category, and (3)1% of questions in the HOTS category. Thus, it can be concluded that the questions prsentes in the SKI student book are not ideal as matter of practice.
Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus, Junanah Junanah Junanah, Muhammad Dwi Toriyono
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 1-21; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.1-21

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the findings related to the affective aspects of the novel “Muhammad: Lelaki Penggenggam Hujan” by Tasaro GK. This is motivated by the facts which show that learning of Islamic History and Culture is still mostly done based on cognitive aspects alone. This is certainly not in line with the characteristics of these learning which not only include the development of the cognitive aspects of students, but also demands empowerment in the affective and psychomotor aspects. So that one alternative problem solving that can be offered is to use novels as a source of affective learning. The discussion in this study was carried out with a content analysis consisting of four steps; data procurement, data reduction, data analysis, and inference. The results of data analysis show that there are various forms of simulations on the level of affective aspects in the novel “Muhammad: Lelaki Penggenggam Hujan”.
Bahrul Ulum
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 202-221; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.202-221

Abstract:
This paper aims to study the storytelling method for early childhood education in the Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad r, where many stories are told by the Prophet which contain educational values. Prophet Muhammad as a great educator realizes that the storytelling method is very effective in instilling faith and character building in children's souls, because in the storytelling method there is an attraction that can touch the souls of listeners/students as if he lives in the story and become one of the actors. The story method in Islamic education has functions and tasks that are not found in other educational methods, it is very effective for attracting the children’s attention and stimulating their brains well, and the story in the Hadith Al-Shareef has features that impact on children's psychology and education which are very strong, clear, and long-term. Therefore, The Prophet Muhammad is the most powerfull model for us in educating our children.
Ahmad Fahrudin, Arbaul Fauziah
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 377-400; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.377-400

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions of IAIN Tulungagung students on the implementation of the internship program at MTSN 2 Blitar. This study was conducted on March to November 2020. This study used a qualitative approach and secondary data was analyzed descriptively and exploratively. The informants in this study were students of the Tarbiyah and Teacher Training Faculty (FTIK) IAIN Tulungagung who carried out the Internship program 1 and 2 at MTsN 2 Blitar, East Java. Data were collected using questionnaires, observation, documentation, and interviews. As much as 92% of students stated that there was preparation or provision of apprenticeship program at IAIN Tulungagung before the students went to the field. At the same percentage, students claimed to be happy in carrying out an internship program. This was indicated by the existence of special preparations every day before entering the class which was stated by 84% of students. All students (100%) had high enthusiasm for teamwork. According to 84% of students, this was triggered by the atmosphere in the partner institutions to support the implementation of internships. Thus, all students (100%) can conduct socialization in a flexible manner with the school. Even though the implementation of internship was well, there were 30% of students who stated that there were obstacles in its implementation. The condition caused the dissatisfaction was felt by 23% of students. As many as 76% of students stated that there were administrative tasks and as many as 69% of students stated that there were several other tasks given by the school during the internship. Keywords: enthusiasm, internship, student, perception
Rusnadi Muhammad, M. Zainal Arif, Rido Kurniato
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 286-308; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.286-308

Abstract:
The thesis is written with the purpose to understand the thinking of Ibn Sahnun about the ethics of teachers and its relevance to the teacher’s code of ethics act in Indonesia. The ethics of a teacher is a major element in educational activities, because education is not only a transfer of knowledge but also a transfer of value. Embedded ethics within the teacher, make it easier to implement their obligations in the process of education, thus to achieve the purpose of education. The study is also expected to provide useful information for the advancement of Islamic education. Furthermore, it also provides a fresh perspective and improve the quality of education in Indonesia. The research is using qualitative approach with literature research (library research) and the source of data the is the primary and secondary data. Data collection technique is done with the documentation. The data analysis technique used is the descriptive analysis and content analysis. While validity test used an adequate reference and discussion with colleagues (focus group discussion). The results showed that the ethics of teachers, according to Ibn Sahnun is an attitude reflected on the teachings of Islam according to the Qur’an and Hadith, then those behaviours applied in the teaching of the student. Behaviours of teachers are: 1. Fair and do not discriminate between students, 2. Be cautious to God, 3. Sincere and receive wages properly, 3. Being a role model and always give the guidance to the students. Thus, the relevancies between Ibn Sahnun’s thinking and code of ethics act of the teacher are 1. Teacher’s ethic a stable emotional and adults towards the students, 2. Teacher’s ethic Wise and dignified towards the students, 3. Teacher’s ethic a Role model and sincerity towards the students. Keywords: Ethics Teachers, Ibn Sahnun, Act Code of Conduct Teachers. Abstrak Tesis ini ditulis dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pemikiran Ibnu Sahnun tentang etika guru serta relevansinya dengan undang-undang kode etik guru di Indonesia. Etika seorang guru merupakan unsur utama dalam kegiatan pendidikan, karena pendidikan tidak hanya transfer of knowledge tapi juga transfer of value. Dengan tertanamnya etika dalam diri seorang guru, mempermudahkan ia melaksanakan kewajiban-kewajibannya dalam proses pendidikan, sehingga dapat terwujudnya tujuan pendidikan. Penelitian ini juga diharapkan dapat memberi sebuah infomasi yang bermanfaat bagi kemajuan pendidikan Islam. Selain itu juga dapat memberikan sebuah pandangan baru dan memperbaiki kualitas pendidikan di Indonesia khususnya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan (library research). Dan sumber data yang digunakan adalah sumber data primer dan sumber data sekunder. Dan teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan dokumentasi. Adapun teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif dan analisis isi (content analisis). Sementara teknik keabsahan data data dilakukan dengan kecukupan referensi data dan diskusi dengan teman sejawat (FGD). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa etika guru menurut Ibnu Sahnu adalah sebuah prilaku guru dicerminkan dari ajaran-ajaran Islam (menurut al-Qur’an dan Hadist, kemudian prilaku tersebut diaplikasikan dalam berhubungan dengan peserta didik. Diantara prilaku guru tersebut adalah: 1. Berlaku adil dan tidak melakukan diskriminasi terhadap anak didik, 2. Bertakwa kepada Allah, 3. Menanamkan sikap ikhlas dan diperbolehkan menerima upah, dan ke 3. Menjadi uswah hasanah serta senantiasa memberikan perhatian kepada anak didik. Disamping itu, adanya relevansi antara pemikiran Ibnu Sahnun dan Undang-Undang Kode Etik Guru. Beberapa temuan yang memiliki relevansi adalah: 1. Etika guru dengan memiliki emosional yang stabil dan dewasa terhadap anak didik, 2. Etika guru yang arif, bijak, dan berwibawa terhadap anak didik, 3. Etika guru yang menjadi Suri tauladan dan menanamkan sikap ikhlas terhadap anak didik Kata Kunci: Etika Guru, Ibnu Sahnun, Undang-Undang Kode Etik Guru.
Agus Purwo Widodo, Saifudin Zuhri, Djani Djani
Published: 28 December 2020
Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Volume 8, pp 309-332; doi:10.21274/taalum.2020.8.2.309-332

Abstract:
Budaya organisasi pada tataran sekolah memerlukan pemimpin yang berkemampuan memobilisasi perkembangan dan perubahan yaitu melakukan kegiatan kreatif, menemukan strategi, metode, cara-cara, atau konsep-konsep yang baru dalam pengajaran agar pembelajaran bermakna dan melahirkan pendidikan yang berkualitas. Berkenaan dengan hal tersebut maka diperlukan kepemimpinan transformatif sebagai upaya untuk menghasilkan pendidikan yang mampu berdaya saing dan menghasilkann peserta didik yang mempunyai integritas kepribadian, sikap disiplin, kreatif, inovatif, dan kompetitif. Profesionalitas kepemimpinan pendidikan sebagai pemimpin transformasional perlu memiliki kompetensi, transparansi, efisiensi, dan kualitas tinggi. Strategi Pelaksanaan Kepemimpinan Transformatif Kepala MI Perwanida Kota Blitar dan SD Islam Al Munawar Tulungagung dalam meningkatkan kebijakan daya saing pendidikan di lembaganya: (1) Di lembaga Madrasah/sekolah terjadi adanya kerjasama dengan wakil-wakilnya, guru-guru, dan staf dalam kerja tim (team work), sehingga memungkinkan terlaksananya peran kepemimpinan tim (team leadership); (2) Di lembaga Madrasah/sekolah terjadi adanya peningkatan motivasi dan membangkitkan gairah kerja guru yang diorientasikan pada terciptanya pertumbuhan personal dan profesional guru (personal and professional growth), sehingga memungkinkan terlaksananya peran kepemimpinan supervisi (supervisory leadership); (3) Di lembaga madrasah tercipta penataan organisasi madrasah, iklim hubungan yang bersifat loose coupling, dan mengubah struktur dan iklim birokrasi menjadi menyenangkan (comfortable bureaucracy) atau profesional (professional bureaucracy) sehingga memungkinkan terlaksanya peran kepemimpinan organisasional (organizational leadership).
Stepania Junita Sari, Timbul Yuwono
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 219-228; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.219-228

Abstract:
This study aimed to describe the errors that student made in completing the Two Variable Linear Equation System based on Watson's criteria. This was a descriptive qualitative study involving 29 students consisted of of 12 high-skilled students, 5 medium-skilled students, and 12 low-skilled students in 8th grade at SMP PGRI 6 Malang. The data were obtained from the types of errors that student made using the Two Variable Linear Equation System question tests and the results of the interviews based on the Watson's criteria indicators. The question sets used in this study had been verified by mathematics education lecturers and mathematics teachers. The results of this study were: a) high-skilled students were 'less thorough' at work; (2) medium-skilled students were ‘using data incorrectly at the early stages'; while (3) low-skilled students ‘did not give answers' because they did not understand the concepts of the learning materials. The three types of errors frequently made by students were errors in determining the operation to be used (mhk), errors in determining the stages of solving the question problems (mtl), and errors in drawing conclusions from the final results (kh).
Merlina Eka Putri, Mela Aziza
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 177-194; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.177-194

Abstract:
One of the objectives of mathematics learning is to improve the mathematical connection abilities on students. However, our observations showed that the mathematical connection abilities on students at MTs Pancasila, Bengkulu was still poor. This encourages the need for a learning strategy which is able to direct students to connect with what they have learned into everyday lives. Therefore, this study aimed to examine students’ ability in understanding mathematical concepts to solve problems related to cubes and rectangular prism topic. This was qualitative study with the REACT strategy. Cubes and rectangular prism was one of the mathematics topics of the basic competencies which have to be mastered by students in grade VIII. The subjects were 20 students who took the test and seven students who were randomly selected to be interviewed. Data collection included test of understanding the concept in essay form which was previously validated. Based on the results of students’ answers, 20 students have been able to connect between mathematics problems with the learned mathematics topic, the density topic in physics with the volume cube topic, and the question problems with everyday issues. However, it was also found that some students answered the questions with different procedures.
Nindya Tifa Novitasari, Ali Shodikin
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 153-162; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.153-162

Abstract:
The poor problem solving abilities of students is still a scourge in mathematics learning, mainly in terms of solving mathematical story problems. This is because in the case of story problems, students are required to understand the information and the questions in mathematical problems at the beginning in order to create a mathematical model which reflects the problem being solved. This study aimed to examine the achievement and improvement of students’ abilities in solving mathematical story problems about arithmetic sequences and series using LAPS-Heuristic learning model. The study method was the Intact-Group Comparison. The subjects were 43 students who were divided into two groups. The first group received conventional learning, while the other group received LAPS-Heuristic learning. The results showed that both achievement and improvement of students’ abilities in solving mathematical story problems who received LAPS-Heuristic learning model were better than in students’ abilities who received conventional learning.
Nadya Alvi Rahma, Masithoh Yessi Rochayati, Muniri Muniri
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 195-206; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.195-206

Abstract:
Mathematical communication skill is very important for university students because through communication, students can convey their mathematical ideas, knowledge and arguments. However, the facts show that the written mathematical communication skills of students majoring in Mathematics Education at IAIN Tulungagung are classified as low. The low written mathematical communication skill of students is indicated by errors in writing mathematical symbols on an equation and unsystematic writing of the steps to solve mathematical problems. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the Think Pair Share (TPS) learning model using Google Classroom media to improve the written mathematical communication skill of IAIN Tulungagung students. Several previous researchers have reviewed the use of Google Classroom in learning, but it was not integrated with the TPS learning model and did not focus on the influence on students' mathematical communication skill. The study sample was 40 students of the 5th semester in 2019/2020 academic year majoring in Mathematics Education at IAIN Tulungagung who took the Differential Equation course. The data collection was carried out by providing a pretest and posttest before and after implementing the learning using the TPS model with Google Classroom media. Then, the data from the pretest and posttest results were analyzed using the Wilcoxon test because the data were not normally distributed. The results of this study showed that the TPS learning model using Google Classroom media could improve the students' mathematical communication skill.
Anas Ma'Ruf Annizar, Fina Syahida Zahro
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 117-130; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.117-130

Abstract:
To improve students' critical thinking skills in solving High Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) questions, the ability to think metaphorically in learning is required. Thus, this study aimed to describe the metaphorical thinking process of students in solving HOTS mathematical problems by PISA approach. In this study, the research method was descriptive with a qualitative approach. The sampling technique was purposive sampling technique, which was a sampling technique suitable for this study. The results showed that based on the works of the three subjects, they had distinct characteristics in solving the problems. S1 who was classified in high category had a metaphorical form by looking at the room from the top side and based on the indicators, S1 had met the metaphorical thinking indicators. S2 who was classified in low category still did not have metaphorical form as compared to the indicators of identifying problems. However, S2 also had gone through metaphorical thinking process when compared to the indicators of connecting and deciding the main concept, as well as was able to illustrate ideas. Meanwhile, S3 who was classified in the middle category had a metaphorical form by only looking at the room side. S3 also had met several indicators of metaphorical thinking.
Suryanti Suryanti, Candra Yunita Sari, KristianI Kristiani
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 207-218; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.207-218

Abstract:
In the 2013 curriculum, mathematics learning is more directed at higher-order thinking skills (HOTS). HOTS are observed from the abilities of students in solving HOTS type of questions. However, students still make mistakes in solving this type of questions, especially the statistics questions. The students’ errors in solving HOTS type of statistical questions need to be investigated, particularly on the types and causes. This study aimed to describe the errors made by students in solving HOTS type of statistical questions. This study was conducted at SMP Negeri 1 Selopuro, Blitar City Year Academic 2019/2020. This study used descriptive qualitative approach. The subjects were three students of 8th grade B. The instruments in this study were tests, interviews, and documentations. Based on the results of the data analysis, it can be concluded that: (1) reading errors were due to the inability of the students to understand the information in the questions; (2) comprehension errors were due to incomprehension of the students on what to look for in the questions; (3) transformation errors were in the form of inability in generating functions/methods to solve the questions; (4) processing skill errors were in the form of misconnection and misconception; and (5) errors in writing the final answers were due to drawing wrong conclusions.
Gusti Firda Khairunnisa, Yuli Ismi Nahdiyah Ilmi
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 131-140; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.131-140

Abstract:
The development of technology in the age of the fourth industrial revolution affects almost every aspect of human lives, including education sector. Therefore, learning innovations are needed in order to meet learning objectives. The objectives are coaching people who are competitive and have 4C skills (communication, collaboration, critical thinking and problem solving, creativity and innovation). One of the learning innovations in mathematics is the application of concrete and digital learning media. To explore and summarize the latest facts related to the concrete and digital mathematics learning media during industry 4.0, the authors of this study conducted a research using Systematic Literature Review method. A total of 30 literatures from various databases were interpreted. A review was drawn on the uses, strengths, and weaknesses of digital and concrete mathematics learning media during industry 4.0. The concrete learning media has advantages which include improving students’ problem solving, creative thinking, and visual thinking skills, but it requires more attention and care. Meanwhile, the advantages of digital learning media include increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of learning mathematics, supporting distance learning, and not requiring special maintenance. Nevertheless, there are still students and teachers who are not familiar with technology, some students do not have gadgets, and there are also inadequate internet networks in some areas.
Ibnu Rafi, Fina Fitri Nurjannah, Iqlima Ramadhani Fabella, Sri Andayani
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 229-248; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.229-248

Abstract:
This literature review aimed to describe the opportunities and challenges of integrating the Learning Management System (LMS) in mathematics learning, especially in terms of the non-technical aspects. Because many LMS platforms which can be integrated into learning process, this review only discusses the three LMS platforms which are common, namely Moodle, Edmodo, and Schoology. This review was conducted with the method as proposed by Templier and Paré (2015), in which the literature materials consisted of journal articles, proceedings, and official websites of LMS. The results of this review showed that integrating the LMS in mathematics learning indicated opportunities in terms of the positive impact which can be obtained from integrating the LMS. On the other hand, the identified challenges were about how mathematics content or materials were organized through integrating the LMS, providing feedback, and maximizing the online discussion facility provided by LMS. Therefore, to obtain the positive impact from integrating the LMS into mathematics learning, teachers should pay attention to these three challenges.
Risky Armanza, Beni Asyhar
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 163-176; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.163-176

Abstract:
This study aimed to describe the conceptual and procedural comprehension to solve linear program story problems in students who are an extrovert and an introvert. This was qualitative study with a case study method. The subjects were two students who are an extrovert and an introvert. Data collection included personality questionnaires, question tests, and interviews. Validity test of the data used time triangulation. Data analysis was conducted based on indicators of conceptual and procedural comprehension, which include data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. The results showed that the extroverted subject was able to meet all indicators of conceptual and procedural comprehension. This was reflected from the way the subject solved the questions properly according to the existing procedures. In contrast, the introverted student was also able to meet the procedural comprehension indicators, but did not meet the conceptual comprehension indicator. This was reflected from the mistakes that the subject made in comprehending the questions and the errors in interpreting the questions into mathematical model.
Choirudin Choirudin, Eka Fitria Ningsih, Hanif Amrulloh, Muhammad Saidun Anwar, Isnaini Nur Azizah, Mega Suaedah Prastika
Published: 4 November 2020
Jurnal Tadris Matematika, Volume 3, pp 141-152; doi:10.21274/jtm.2020.3.2.141-152

Abstract:
This study aims to develop Mathematics learning media using ethnomathematics based Powtoon applications. This study is using the Borg and Gall development model. Media development is carried out on the material of a flat triangle and quadrilateral of Class VII Junior High School. Data collection instruments used were media expert questionnaires, material experts used to test the quality of mathematics-based Powtoon learning media, and student response questionnaires to test interest in the developed media. Data collection methods used the form of interviews, documentation and questionnaires. This research resulted in ethnomathematics based Powtoon learning media. The results of the assessment by media experts scored 88% in the very feasible category, the assessment of the material experts obtained a score of 87% in the very feasible category, while based on trials in class VII students of Ma'arif 1 Metro SMP which amounted to 22 students obtained a score of 80% with the eligible category. The development of ethnomathematics based Powtoon learning media is feasible and can be used by teachers and students as learning media.
Jajang Jahroni
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 15, pp 315-343; doi:10.21274/epis.2020.15.02.315-343

Abstract:
The old-centuries medical forms claimed to have been exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad, called Prophet’s medicine, have been reinvented by the contemporary Indonesian Salafis. This invention is parts of their attempts to return all aspects of life to the authoritative resources. In doing so, the Salafis use modern packaging to attract non-Salafi Muslims. As a result, Prophet’s medicine has been popular among certain Muslim groups. The presence of Prophet’s medicine, to some extent, challenges conventional medicine which is hardly affordable by the average people. This is made possible by an open political climate which occurs in Indonesia over the last two decades. It eventually leads to the diversity of medicinal knowledge in the country.
Rubaidi Rubaidi
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 15, pp 265-286; doi:10.21274/epis.2020.15.02.265-286

Abstract:
This article examines the rise of Islamic populism in post-truth Indonesia. It particularly discusses the proliferation of Islamic populism narratives in social media that lead to hoaxes and hate speeches which appeared in series of political elections. This article argues that there has been a similar pattern of Indonesian form of populism to that of other parts of western countries, particularly the US and the UK. Like populism in the latter two countries, the issue of “indigeneity” has generated the reproduction of post-truth narrates, ranging from false-news, hoaxes, and hate-speeches, blaiming the so-called “foreign” elements of the country. Islamist mobilisation is central to explain the proliferation of post-truth politics which cultivates tensions and divisions among society and reserves as a threat to democratic consolidation in contemporary Indonesia.
Mark Woodward
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 15, pp 287-314; doi:10.21274/epis.2020.15.02.287-314

Abstract:
This article discusses the world’s most oppressed people, the Muslim Rohingya of Burma (Myanmar) through the lens of “state symbologies and critical juncture”. It further argues the amalgamation of Burmese-Buddhist ethno-nationalism and anti-Muslim hate speech have become elements of Burma’s state symbology and components. Colonialism established conditions in which ethno-religious conflict could develop through policies that destroyed the civic religious pluralism characteristic of pre-colonial states. Burmese Buddhist ethno-religious nationalism is responsible for a series of communal conflicts and state repression because it did not recognize Muslims and other minorities as full and equal participants in the post-colonial national project. Therefore, the cycles of violence and the complexities of inter-ethnic and inter-religious relations indicate that Burmese political culture has become increasingly violent and genocidal.
Jajang A Rohmana
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 15, pp 221-264; doi:10.21274/epis.2020.15.02.221-264

Abstract:
Nawawī of Banten (1813–1897) and Haji Hasan Mustapa (1852–1930) are two important figures of Malay-Indonesian Muslim scholars (‘ulamā’) who have been widely studied. However, personal proximity of these two ‘ulamā’ seems to escape from scholarly discussion. Seen from the light of scholarly commenting (sharh) tradition, this study on the other hand attempts to show their personal proximity between the senior teacher and young student when they lived in Mecca in the late nineteenth century. The sharh tradition of these two ‘ulamā’ particularly through appear in Nawawī’s al-’Iqd al-Thamīn that aims to comment on Mustapa’s work, Al-Fath al-Mubīn, and Mustapa’s al-Lum’a al-Nūrāniyya, a response to Nawawī’s al-Shadra al-Jummāniyya. These two Arabic books (s. kitab; p. kutub) were published in Cairo, Egypt. This article further argues that the sharh tradition situates authority and reputation as the epicenter of scholarly discussion between the two ‘ulamā’ who were influential among the Jawah community. It also argues that these two Sundanese scholars contributed significantly in the transmission of Islamic learning in the early twentieth century Middle East. Their works show a scholarly reputation which delivers insights on exceptionality of Islamic and Malay archipelagic issues and serve as a global contribution of Malay-Indonesian ‘ulamā’ to the triumph of Islamic learning traditions.
Auliya Ridwan
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 15, pp 365-400; doi:10.21274/epis.2020.15.02.365-400

Abstract:
In its early periods, pesantren as a type of Islamic educational institution focused merely on religious teachings. Socio-political pressures and the need to carry out Islamic outreach have pushed kiai as pesantren leaders to negotiate their idealism according to the circumstances in different historical periods. Historical accounts from the Dutch colonial period to Indonesian independence show that kiai leadership becomes the decisive factor as well as the legitimation for pesantren to take certain actions during precarious situations. To examine the institutional development of pesantren in the post-reformation era, a recent ethnographic fieldwork has been carried out in three pesantren in Madura, Java, and Lombok. This paper discusses the development and transformation of pesantren as an institution from the Dutch Ethical Policy Period until today. It demonstrates pesantren’s involvement in anti-Western campaigns and trials of affiliation with oppositions in the colonial period. This paper shows how Islamic virtues remain the heart of pesantren education and examines how innovation in contemporary pesantren regarding pedagogies and values translated in seemingly non-religious areas is substantially based on religious values.
Martin Van Bruinessen
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 15, pp 177-219; doi:10.21274/epis.2020.15.02.177-219

Abstract:
In various cultural and religious contexts, from West Asia to Southeast Asia, we come across a number of quite similar creation myths in which a peacock, seated on a cosmic tree, plays a central part. For the Yezidis, a sect of Sufi origins that has moved away from Islam, the Peacock Angel, who is the most glorious of the angels, is the master of the created world. This belief may be related to early Muslim cosmologies involving the Muhammadan Light (Nur Muhammad), which in some narratives had the shape of a peacock and participated in creation. In a different set of myths, the peacock and the Tree of Certainty (shajarat al-yaqīn) play a role in Adam and Eve’s fall and expulsion from Paradise. The central myth of the South Indian Hindu cult of the god Murugan also involves a tree and a peacock. The myth is enacted in the annual ritual of Thaipusam, like the Nur Muhammad myth is still enacted annually in the Maulid festival of Cikoang in South Sulawesi. Images of the peacock, originating from South India, have moved across cultural and religious boundaries and have been adopted as representing the different communities’ peacock myths.
Muhammad Fahmi, M Ridlwan Nasir, Masdar Hilmy
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 15, pp 345-364; doi:10.21274/epis.2020.15.02.345-364

Abstract:
This study documents how multicultural education is constructed and implemented in a local pesantren in Tabanan, Bali, Indonesia, namely PBBI (Pesantren Bali Bina Insani). It demonstrates that the multicultural education in this pesantren is based upon the reality of religious, cultural, ethnic, group, and gender diversity that exists surrounding the pesantren. Teaching and administrative staff of this pesantren consist of Muslims and Hindus. Students come from the different socio-cultural backgrounds. Inclusive and tolerance values are incorporated into the curriculum of the pesantren. Multicultural education in this pesantren has become a strategic instrument for adaptation to the Hindu environment where it is located. The pesantren teaches students how to implement Islamic teaching on pluralism and inclusivism in their daily lives.
Herdi Sahrasad
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Volume 15, pp 145-175; doi:10.21274/epis.2020.15.1.145-175

Abstract:
This article examines dynamics of Islamic discourses in Post-New Order Indonesia, focusing on the birth of Jaringan Islam Liberal/JIL (Islamic Liberalism Network). The network which emerged in 2001 was a result of informal meeting and group discussions of young intellectuals at Jl. Utan Kayu 68 H, East Jakarta who later agreed to establish the JIL. Since its earliest foundation, the networks has been at the forefront to attack Islamic extremist and fundamentalist groups while calling for Islamic liberalism. This article tries to portray the emergence of the JIL and its liberalism agenda and offers the contestation on Islamic liberalism in Indonesia. As for the latter, it not only encapsulates responses of fundamentalist groups, but also important Muslim organisation, like the traditionalist Nahdlatul Ulama/NU and the Modernist Muhammadiyah, and important Indonesian Muslim thinkers. This article further argues that Islamic liberalism that takes its root to Muslim activism during the New Order Indonesia has shaken the basic foundation of a religion as introducing liberalism in Islamic discourses. It has invited contestation and responses for a significant Muslim group, including the two-most important Indonesian Muslim organisations, the NU and the Muhammadiyah. As this article further demonstrates, the contestation is mainly because of different opinions among Muslims on the limit of reason to understand religion.
Mizanul Hasanah
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.1.137-154

Abstract:
Abstrak: Komunitas perempuan berdaulat adalah komunitas yang lahir atas pemikiran kaum muda khususnya perempuan yang ingin berdaya baik secara pemikiran maupun solutif dari segi pemikiran. Apalagi ditengah-tengah pertentangan faham feminisme yang penuh pro dan kontra. Namun pada komunitas ini memberikan informasi dan solusi tersendiri tentang bagaimana bersikap dan menempatkan diri sebagai perempuan, ibu, anak, dan anggota masyarakat. Ciri khas dari perempuan berdaulat ini adalah dengan adanya moto Perempuan berdaulat Indonesia hebat. “Cerdas yang mecerdaskan hebat menghebatkan”. Penelitian ini dilakukan di kabupaten Mojokerto kecamatan Pacet Provinsi Jawa Timur yang mana komunitas ini dicetuskan oleh mahasiswi Institut KH. Abdul Chalim Mojokerto. Tujuan dari komunitas ini adalah agar perempuan berdaulat secara pemikiran dan berdaya di segala bidang di masa mendatang. Adanya komunitas ini selain memotivasi, mengantisipasi, adalah memberikan edukasi kepada orang lain, memberi stimulus dengan menggali ilmu yang mendalam sehingga mereka mampu memberi solusi yang ilmiah dan mampu diterima dalam masyarakat. Kata kunci: Perempuan, Faham feminisme, Komunitas Perempuan Berdaulat Sovereign women's community is a community that was born of the minds of young people, especially women who want to be empowered both in thought and solutive in terms of thinking. Especially amidst the contradictions of feminism that are full of pros and cons. However, this community provides its own information and solutions on how to behave and position themselves as women, mothers, children and community members. The distinctive feature of this sovereign woman is the motto of a great Indonesian sovereign woman. "Smart, smart, great, great". This research was conducted in Mojokerto district, Pacet sub-district, East Java Province where this community was initiated by a student of the KH Institute Abdul Chalim Mojokerto. The aim of this community is for women to be sovereign in their thinking and empowered in all fields in the future. The existence of this community in addition to motivating, anticipating, is providing education to others, providing stimulus by exploring in-depth knowledge so that they are able to provide scientific solutions and are able to be accepted in society. Keywords: Keywords: Women, Feminism, Sovereign Women's Community
Lailatuzz Zuhriyah, Saiful Mustofa, Ghinanjar Ahmad Syamsudin
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.1.41-64

Abstract:
This article examines the shift in gender relations in the context of the families of Indonesian Migrant Workers (PMI). By taking an object in Rejotangan District as the most PMI area in Tulungagung Regency, this article uses a symbolic approach to attempts to portray the process of interaction between individuals in the context of PMI families. In this case, the concept of patriarchy is no longer valid. The husband begins to play a role in the domestic sector; cooking, taking care of children and doing everything about the household. While the wife, only has a role to fulfill the family’s living, whether as a housemaid, taking care of elderly parents, or in other sectors abroad. Such matter does not only have implications for material-economic factors but also psychologically and sociologically; there is a complexity of family problems whose impact can lead to the destruction of household relations and the education of their children.
Eka Damayanti, Arifuddin Ahmad, Ardias Bara
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.1.1-22

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran dampak negatif penggunaan gadget berdasarkan aspek perkembangan anak di Sorowako Kecamatan Nuha. Penelitian kuantitatif jenis survei ini memiliki populasi ibu rumah tangga sebanyak 120 ibu-ibu yang terhimpun dalam majelis taklim se-Kecamatan Nuha. Sampel sebanyak 19 orang yang terpilih secara random. Instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan skala dampak gadget yang terbagi ke dalam aspek perkembangan anak. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis menggunakan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya gejala dampak negatif yang dialami oleh anak di Sorowako ditinjau dari aspek perkembangan fisik psikomotorik, agama dan moral, kognitif, sosial dan emosi, bahasa dan seni anak.
Citra Ayu Kumala Sari
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.1.79-96

Abstract:
Angka perundungan atau bullying di Indonesia masih sangat tinggi dan sudah sangat mengkhawatirkan. Hampir di setiap sekolah terdapat kasus bullying. Termasuk di MTsN 2 Tulungagung masih banyak terdapat kasus bullying terutama bullying verbal. Selain itu juga maraknya cyber bullying yang sudah diluar pengawasan sekolah dan berdampak luarbiasa bagi para korban. Salah satu cara untuk memutus mata rantai bullying adalah dengan memberikan pemahaman secara komprehensif kepada siswa tentang apa itu bullying dan dampak dari bullying itu sendiri melalui sebuah pelatihan anti bullying. Pelatihan yang dilaksanakan berupa psikoedukasi anti bullying pada siswa MTsN 2 Tulungagung. Pelatihan dilaksanakan selama 2 hari yaitu 12 September 2019 dan 13 September 2019. Pelatihan diikuti 30 peserta perwakilan dari masing-masing kelas 7-9. Pelaksaan pelatihan diisi oleh dua narasumber dari IAIN Tulungagung. Dengan adanya pelatihan ini diharapakan peserta mendapatkan wawasan mengenai bullying dan ketrampilan yang harus dimiliki untuk mencegah terjadinya bullying yang ada di sekolah
Rizka Hidayatul Umami
Martabat: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak, Volume 4; doi:10.21274/martabat.2020.4.1.111-136

Abstract:
Keberadaan media baru telah mendorong setiap individu untuk ikut aktif berinteraksi di dalamnya. Cyberfeminisme merupakan salah satu gagasan penting yang lahir dari keberadaan media baru tersebut. Di mana media baru menjadi isu krusial yang diharapkan bisa menjadi wadah perempuan mencapai pembebasan. Namun, hadirnya media baru tidak lantas bisa secara otomatis menghapuskan adanya ketidakadilan gender di ruang publik. Problem baru muncul dari adanya usaha perempuan untuk secara total berdaya lewat ruang techno-budaya. Masalah tersebut hadir dalam bentuk komodifikasi tubuh perempuan dalam media baru, yang dilakukan oleh perempuan sebagai subjek. Sehingga yang terjadi justru pelanggengan patriarkhal dan kuasa pikiran laki-laki dalam media. Hal ini tentu menjadi pekerjaan rumah baru bagi para cyberfeminis. Tulisan ini fokus menguraikan bagaimana peran cyberfeminis dalam upaya meng-counter massifnya komodifikasi tubuh perempuan dalam media baru, yang juga terus dibayangi oleh diskursus maskulinitas atau dominasi laki-laki. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif-analitis, dengan menggunakan cyberfeminisme sebagai alat analisis. Adapun hasil penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa cyberfeminis setidaknya berhasil membuat jaringan literasi berbasis feminisme, eksis di media sosial sebagai upaya konter ideologi dari adanya discounted feminism oleh kapitalisme. Kata kunci: cyberfeminisme, media baru, komodifikasi, tubuh perempuan.
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