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Ratna Dwi Nastiti, Sri Pujiningsih, Cipto Wardoyo
Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Dan Bisnis Airlangga, Volume 6; doi:10.20473/jraba.v6i1.73

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Novrys Suhardianto, Risandy Meda Nurjanah
Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Dan Bisnis Airlangga, Volume 6; doi:10.20473/jraba.v6i1.72

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Ni Made Ayu Lakshmi Prastiti, I Made Narsa, Niluh Putu Dian Rosalina Handayani Narsa
Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Dan Bisnis Airlangga, Volume 6; doi:10.20473/jraba.v6i1.70

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Eunike Rhema Yohanna, Sri Pujiningsih, Dodik Juliardi
Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Dan Bisnis Airlangga, Volume 6; doi:10.20473/jraba.v6i1.69

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Stephanie Tamara Rindang, Risris Rismayani
Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Dan Bisnis Airlangga, Volume 6; doi:10.20473/jraba.v6i1.68

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Ferdianto Dwiputra, Elia Mustikasari
Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Dan Bisnis Airlangga, Volume 6; doi:10.20473/jraba.v6i1.71

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Raden Mas Try Ananto Djoko Wicaksono, Rina Putri Rinaldi
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 12-46; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.20834

Abstract:
This paper analyzes the determinants of economic growth acceleration in Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. It aims to reveal Thailand’s plausible explanations and Vietnam’s development success compared to Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research provides an in-depth study parallel to a case study by using comparable variables. It examines six determinants: natural resources, investment, population growth, social-culture, human resources, and political. The evidence exhibits Vietnam has better conditions in all determinants compare to Indonesia and Thailand. Lessons learned from its development experiences could improve Vietnam’s successful strategy with previous outbreaks to impact the current economic development.Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, Economic Growth, International Political Economic
Khaled Nour Aldeen
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 47-54; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.20955

Abstract:
This paper aims to present recommendations that can immune a conventional financial system against the global crisis, particularly the Covid-19 pandemic crisis from the lens of Islamic finance. This paper contends that Islamic finance is a relatively immune financial system comparing to the mainstream financial system by eliminating Riba and considering only asset-backed transactions as fruitful ones. This paper begins with the conceptual investigation of the literature on the principles of Islamic finance. The literature’s origins include primary sources (Quraan and hadith) and secondary sources (books, journals, and online resources). This paper is only conceptual and does not aim to examine the issues or theories empirically. The article will be useful to develop hypotheses for future research, especially in Islamic finance. Islamic concepts will of interest, especially for countries that adopt the conventional financial system. This paper will also be useful in the introduction for both Islamic and conventional finance practitioners alike. This paper provides a conceptual model to substitute the dominant conventional economics. Highlights the necessary steps to reconsider the conventional financial system. Islamic finance can mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on the economies mainly because of the PLS (profit-loss sharing) system and Islamic ethics in financial transactions. The paper shows its originality in substance and makes a unique contribution to the literature on systems and ethics by emphasizing Islamic finance practices approaching an effective alternative to conventional finance. Keywords: Islamic finance, mainstream finance, Covid-19JEL Classifications: G00, Y9
Marcus Maspaitella, Sisilia M. Parinussa
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 55-65; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.22182

Abstract:
Economic growth is an important aspect that reflects the success of a country or region’s economic development. The changes of its driving sectors mainly influence the changes in economic growth. This study aims to identify the leading economic sectors and analyze the sectoral shifts of the Teluk Bintuni regency’s economy. The data used in this study is the Gross Regional Domestic Product of both Teluk Bintuni Regency and Papua Barat province in the period from 2010 to 2018. In determining the leading sectors and analyzing the sector using Location Quotient and Shift-Share analysis. The results suggested that the manufacturing and mining, and quarrying sectors were the base sectors of Teluk Bintuni’s economy. However, the result of Shift-Share analysis highlighted construction, education services, procurement of electricity and gas, and public administration, defense, and compulsory social security as competitive and progressive sectors during the same period. Policy implications of this study include evaluating and reformulating development strategies and programs and considering sectoral interconnection for further development planning.Keywords: Location Quotient, Shift-Share, Leading Sectors, Teluk Bintuni
Sigit Sanjaya
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 79-91; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.22279

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of macroeconomic factors on Islamic bank savings funds in Indonesia. Macroeconomic variables used; economic growth, government debt, exchange rates, trade balance, money supply (M2), and foreign direct investment. Macroeconomic data is obtained from the publication of the Central Statistics Agency (BPS). Depositors’ fund data is obtained from the Financial Services Authority (OJK). The population consists of all Islamic commercial banks and Islamic business units. The sampling technique used total sampling, and data analysis was performed using multiple linear regression. Observation data from January 2005 to December 2019 used quarterly data. The results show that government debt and money supply (M2) positively and significantly affect depositors of Islamic banks in Indonesia. In contrast, economic growth, exchange rates, trade balance, and foreign investment do not significantly affect Islamic bank deposit funds in Indonesia. Keywords: Macroeconomic Factors, Depositor Funds, Sharia BankJEL Classification: C3, E00, Z00
Kabiru Saidu Musa, Sulaiman Chindo, Rabiu Maijama'A
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 91-113; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.22448

Abstract:
The paper investigated the impact of financial development on CO2 emissions in Nigeria from 1981 to 2019. In the process of investigating the impact, Augmented Dickey-Fuller and Philip Perron, as well as the Zivot-Andrew structural breaks, unit root tests were applied. Their results indicated that financial development, level of income, and CO2 emissions were stationary at the first difference and that of Zivot-Andrew structural breaks indicated a mixture of integration. Cointegration relationship among the variables was established through autoregressive distributed lag model bounds test. The autoregressive distributed lag model long-and-short run models results indicated that financial development and income level significantly negatively impact the CO2 emissions. The suggestion based on these results is that financial development and income level help in financing clean projects in the long-and-short runs. The Granger causality result revealed bidirectional causality from financial development to CO2 emissions, income level to CO2 emissions, and financial development to income level. The variance decomposition analysis indicates that financial development and income level have contributed less to CO2 emissions, and impulse response function results revealed that CO2 emissions respond negatively to shocks in financial development and income level. Therefore, we recommend expanding the Nigerian financial market in financing clean projects for a clean environment alongside checking income generation activities that bring about emissions of CO2, such as burning trees for charcoal production in the forest, among others.Keywords: Financial market development, CO2 emissions, ARDL approachJEL Classification: G20, Q53, C32
Achmad Rifa'I, Listiono Listiono
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 114-122; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.23080

Abstract:
The characteristic of structural transformation is a decrease in the share of agriculture followed by an increase in the industry share in the economy. Sometimes, the share of services to the economy increases more rapidly than the share of the industry, called immature structural transformation. This study aims to analyze the structural transformation process in East Java and its impact on poverty alleviation. Panel data for 38 districts/cities used from the Statistics Indonesia (BPS) during the 2012-2015 period. The estimation results revealed empirically that the service sector has a significant impact on reducing poverty in East Java. This research argues that East Java has experienced immature structural transformation seen from the stagnation of the industry’s share of the economy. It is supposed that the role of the industrial sector is not significant, while the service sector is better to reduce poverty.Keywords: Structural Transformation, Poverty, East Java, Panel DataJEL: B22, I32, L16
Maria Kaok
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 1-11; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.21352

Abstract:
This paper aims to analyze the Impact of Covid-19 on the Marine Community’s Economic (Study of Sales at Mopah Market). The population in this study was 33 respondents, using a saturated sample technique. This writing uses a quantitative approach with simple regression analysis techniques using SPSS 22. The results obtained are that there is a positive and significant influence on the Marine community’s economy. Judging from the effects of data analysis, it shows that during the Covid-19 pandemic, the organization experienced a decrease in income. It is indicated by the results of the value of t-count = 5.068 and t-table = 1.695, sig = 0.000. From the result, we know that there is an impact of Covid-19 on the Marine people’s economy in their sales in the Merauke regency Mopah market. The total revenue for sales before Covid-19 was 56% and 44% after Covid-19 was a negative impact that affected the Marine community’s economy by a difference of 12%. This difference shows that Covid-19 has an impact on the economy in terms of income from daily sales. This impact caused the community to experience a decrease in their income during the Covid-19 pandemic. Keywords: Covid-19, Community EconomyJEL Classifications: C10, Q0, A10
Yanto Yunus, Juwita Sarri, Syahirudin Syahir
Published: 1 June 2021
Media Iuris, Volume 4, pp 243-264; doi:10.20473/mi.v4i2.25457

Abstract:
Criminal conduct can be held accountable when it meets two elements of such action as unlawful action and can be reproached. The nature of resisting the law itself is devided into two opposing qualities of formal law and the nature of resisting the law of materiel. The nature of the law regarding material itself has two fuction: itsnegative function and its positive work. Of these functions in application only to its negative (or exempted from the written law) function because of its positive function (an act not prohibited by the law but by society of the act is mistaken) and therefore is a violation of the law. This type of research is the normative study with the constitution approach (statue approach) and the conceptual approach. From this research it can be concluded that the repayment of all financial losses in the state can be excused/ fail d;excuse, so that the nature of resisting the laws of materiel’s negative function of the perpetrators of corruption is lost. The provision of article 4 of the constitution is judged as irrelevant because the application of a fixed sanction without seeing thr benefits of its ratification. This is based on the theory presented by Nigel Walker and Jeremmy Bentham, which says the application of criminal santions must be ideal and beneficial to the perpetrator. Keywords: Loss of Unlawful Character; Corruption; Recovery of State Losses.Perbuatan pidana dapat dimintai pertanggungjawaban apabila memenuhi dua unsur yakni perbuatan tersebut merupakan perbuatan melawan hukum dan perbuatan tersebut dapat dicela. Sifat melawan hukum itu sendiri terbagi dalam dua yakni sifat melawan hukum formal dan sifat melawan hukum materiel, Sifat melawan hukum materiel itu sendiri memiliki dua fungsi yaitu fungsinya yang negatif dan fungsinya yang positif. Dari kedua fungsi tersebut dalam penerapannya hanya diperbolehkan fungsinya yang negatif (atau perbuatan yang dapat dikecualikan dari hukum yang tidak tertulis) dikarenakan fungsinya yang positif (perbuatan yang tidak dilarang oleh undang-undang tetapi oleh masyarakat perbuatan tersebut dianggap keliru) sehingga fungsinya ini dianggap bertentangan dengan undang-undang. Jenis Penelitian ini ialah penelitian normatif dengan pendekatan undang-undang (Statute Approach) dan pendekatan konseptual (Conceptual Approach). Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa dengan dikembalikannya seluruh kerugian keuangan negara maka perbuatan pelaku dapat dimaafkan/fail d;excuse, sehingga sifat melawan hukum materiel fungsinya yang negatif dari perbuatan pelaku tindak pidana korupsi hilang. Sehingga ketentuan dalam Pasal 4 UU dinilai sudah tidak relevan dikarenakan penerapan sanksi yang tetap dijatuhkan tanpa melihat manfaat dari penjatuhan sanksi tersebut. Hal tersebut berdasarkan pada teori yang dikemukakan oleh Nigel Walker dan Jeremmy Bentham, yang mengatakan bahwa penerapan sanksi pidana harus ideal dan bermanfaat bagi pelaku.Kata Kunci: Hilangnya Sifat Melawan Hukum; Korupsi; Pengembalian Kerugian Negara.
Luh Made Khristianti Weda Tantri
Published: 1 June 2021
Media Iuris, Volume 4, pp 145-172; doi:10.20473/mi.v4i2.25066

Abstract:
Protection from all forms of sexual violence is part of human rights, namely the right to individual safety, the right to freedom and personal security, and self-protection of the honor and dignity of a person that are guaranteed by the constitution. The number of sexual violence that is increasing year after year is not proportional comparing to the low legal settlement obtained by victims of sexual violence. However, until now, there are no specific laws and regulations governing sexual violence In Indonesia. This research will discuss the protection of human rights for victims of sexual violence in Indonesia as an effort to protect human rights for the victims of sexual violence by using statute approach and conceptual approach. The results of this study conclude that laws related to sexual violence already exist but have not been able to provide comprehensive legal protection because there is no specific law on sexual violence.Keywords: Human Rights; Self Protection; Sexual Violence.Perlindungan dari segala bentuk kekerasan seksual merupakan bagian dari hak asasi manusia yaitu hak atas keselamatan individu, hak kebebasan dan keamanan pribadi, dan perlindungan diri atas kehormatan dan martabat seseorang yang dijamin oleh konstitusi. Angka kekerasan seksual yang semakin meningkat dari tahun ke tahunnya tidak sebanding dengan rendahnya penyelesaian hukum yang didapat oleh korban-korban kekerasan sekual. Namun demikian, hingga kini belum ada peraturan perundang- undangan khusus yang mengatur tentang kekerasan seksual di Indonesia. Penelitian ini akan membahas tentang perlindungan bagi korban kekerasan seksual di Indonesia sebagai upaya perlindungan hak asasi manusia dengan menggunakan pendekatan perundang-undangan dan pendekatan konseptual. Penelitian ini memperoleh kesimpulan bahwa peraturan perundang-undangan terkait kekerasan seksual sudah ada namun masih belum dapat memberikan perlindungan hukum yang komprehensif karena tidak adanya peraturan perundang-undangan khusus tentang kekerasan seksual.Kata Kunci: Asasi Manusia; Perlindungan Diri; Kekerasan Seksual.
Perwitiningsih Perwitiningsih, Rikardo Simarmata
Published: 1 June 2021
Media Iuris, Volume 4, pp 189-214; doi:10.20473/mi.v4i2.25874

Abstract:
This research is aimed at analyzing family status as legal subjects i.e. rights, wether husband and wife are considered as a legal subject or an independent individual subject. The discussion of this research is focused on the family as the legal subject in the management of joint assets. This research concludes that the family is one legal subject as member of marital assets. In law inforcement, family is a civil partnership between husband and wife who act as caretaker. marital assets are civil partnership assets. A family in taking legal actions against the joint assets must act with the consent of the husband and wife, and without mutual consent the transaction is null and void by law. Every transaction that is carried out by the husband or wife on behalf of the family and used for the benefit of the family becomes jointly and severally husband’s and wife’s responsibility if there is a loss from the transaction. A family civil partnership is not a legal entity because is does not fulfill the formal requirements as an Indonesian legal entity.Keywords: Family; Legal Subjects; Marital Assets. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis status keluarga sebagai subyek hukum, apakah suami-isteri sebagai keluarga dianggap satu subyek hukum atau masing-masing menjadi subyek hukum yang mandiri. Pembahasan difokuskan pada keluarga sebagai subyek hukum dalam pengurusan harta bersama perkawinan. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa keluarga dianggap satu subyek hukum dalam kaitannya sebagai subyek pemilikan harta bersama. Dalam lalu lintas hukum, keluarga merupakan sebuah persekutuan dengan suami-isteri yang bertindak sebagai pengurusnya. Harta bersama adalah harta persekutuan, keluarga dalam melakukan perbuatan hukum terhadap harta bersama harus bertindak atas persetujuan suami dan isteri, tanpa persetujuan satu sama lain transaksi tersebut tidak sah dan batal demi hukum. Setiap transaksi yang dilakukan suami atau isteri atas nama keluarga dan digunakan untuk kepentingan keluarga, maka suami-isteri bertanggungjawab secara tanggung renteng apabila terjadi kerugian yang ditimbulkan dari transaksi tersebut. Persekutuan keluarga bukan persekutuan yang berbadan hukum karena tidak memenuhi syarat formil sebagai badan hukum Indonesia.Kata Kunci: Keluarga; Subyek Hukum; Harta Bersama.
Deni Aditya Susanto, Randy Admi
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 66-78; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.18916

Abstract:
Coal is one of the most needed commodities globally because of its power plants and industrial machinery. According to World Coal Institute (2018), the world coal trade is dominated by several producing countries, Indonesia (ranked 2nd with 28.21 percent). Indonesia's coal exports are influenced by determinants of demand from export destination countries. This study will test at least four demand determinants in destination countries for their effects on Indonesian exports: exchange rate, foreign exchange reserves, population, and coal production. The study used six Asian countries (Japan, South Korea, India, Thailand, Philippines, and Malaysia) over 2008-2018. The methodology used is multiple linear regression with a series of chow and Hausman tests. Each variable has been tested by t-test (partial) and f test (simultaneous), and R2 test to analyze the percentage of the influence of the model on the dependent variable. This study revealed that the variable foreign exchange reserves and population growth of six Asian countries have a significant positive effect on Indonesia's coal export. Simultaneously, the exchange rate and coal production of the destination countries were not proven to have a negative impact but positively affected coal export. All variables have a significant and partially significant effect so that the model can explain the coal export variable at 93.08 percent (Adjust R-squared).Keywords: Coal Export, Demand DeterminantsJEL Classification: C2, F1, Q31
Dyah Wulan Sari, Lusi Sulistyaningsih, Haura Azzahra Tarbiyah Islamiya, Wenny Restikasari
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 123-136; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.21665

Abstract:
The study aims to measure the technical and intertemporal efficiency and find the primary source of productivity change on top three telecommunication firms in each country of ASEAN-5 (Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, and Singapore) from 2010 to 2016. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) bootstrapping with 2000 iterations, DEA window, and Malmquist index are applied to calculate technical efficiency, intertemporal efficiency, and productivity change. The estimation results elucidate that, on average, the technical efficiency of firms is relatively low. On the opposite, the intertemporal efficiency results indicate that the mean efficiency score of each window is high. However, the LDW and LDP tend to be high, showing that the efficiency scores fluctuate. The Malmquist index calculation yields that technological progress possesses a significant contribution to productivity change.Keywords: Technical Efficiency, Intertemporal Efficiency, Productivity Change, Telecommunication Industry, ASEAN-5 JEL Classifications: L8, F6, O5, O1, O3
Wissem Boukraine
Journal of Developing Economies, Volume 6, pp 137-149; doi:10.20473/jde.v6i1.22617

Abstract:
Business cycles pave the way for asymmetry in the unemployment rate behavior with rapid increases during recessions and slight decreases in expansions. It, in turn, may raise the non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment and the cost in terms of inflation of any demand stimulus policy. The recent jump in unemployment worldwide due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the government’s stimulus package following it raises questions about the cost of such a decision. We use the smooth transition model (STR) to analyze unemployment dynamics on quarterly data over the last two decades for fifteen middle-income countries. Our results suggest the absence of hysteresis except for Bulgaria, Mexico, and Ukraine. Our policy recommendation for these countries is the necessity of labor market reforms, as hysteresis will considerably reduce any economic stimulus on unemployment.Keywords: Unemployment, hysteresis, STRJEL Classification: C10, J60
Muhammad Yafi Azhari, Abdul Halim
Published: 1 June 2021
Media Iuris, Volume 4, pp 173-188; doi:10.20473/mi.v4i2.25492

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the rights of informal domestic workers and legal protection in Indonesia through Law Number 13 of 2003 concerning Manpower and Regulation of the Minister of Manpower (Permenaker) Number 2 of 2015 concerning Protection of Domestic Workers. This type of research is qualitative using a normative-empirical approach. Sources of data include primary data in the form of interviews, while secondary data through statutory approaches and document studies. The results show that the rights of domestic workers have not been fully regulated to provide a decent life for domestic workers and the drafting of Permenaker No.2 of 2015 has not become a state protection for domestic workers because the regulation focuses on supervising channeling agencies. Therefore, government awareness of the existence of domestic workers is necessary.Keywords: Domestic workers; Legal protection; Regulation.Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis hak-hak pekerja rumah tangga informal dan perlindungan hukum di Indonesia melalui Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan dan Peraturan Menteri Ketenagakerjaan (Permenaker) Nomor 2 Tahun 2015 tentang Perlindungan Pekerja Rumah Tangga. Jenis penelitian ini kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan normatif-empiris. Sumber data meliputi data primer berupa wawancara sedangkan data sekunder melalui pendekatan ilmu perundang-undangan dan studi dokumen. Hasil menunjukan bahwa hak pekerja rumah tangga belum diatur secara lengkap untuk memberi kehidupan yang layak bagi PRT dan pembuatan Permenaker Nomor 2 Tahun 2015 belum menjadi perlindungan negara kepada pekerja rumah tangga karena peraturan tersebut berfokus untuk mengawasi lembaga penyalur. Kata Kunci: Pekerja Rumah Tangga; Perlindungan Hukum; Pengaturan.
Saut Parsaulian Hutagalung, Franky Butar Butar
Published: 1 June 2021
Media Iuris, Volume 4, pp 215-242; doi:10.20473/mi.v4i2.25162

Abstract:
Corporate Social Responsibility is a concept known in the business world as a form of company concern for society. Indonesia regulates CSR under the term Social and Environmental Responsibility. CSR or Tanggung Jawab Sosial dan Lingkungan (TJSL) is regulated in Article 74 of Law Number 40 of 2007 concerning Limited Liability Company. This regulation requires every company whose activities are to manage and / or relate to natural resources. Plantation companies are companies whose business activities are to manage natural resources and have an obligation to implement TJSL. However, in implementing TJSL, there are several problems, namely the absence of regulations that clearly regulate the form of activities including TJSL and sanctions for plantation companies that do not implement TJSL which creates legal vacuum and legal uncertainty for companies, government and for the community. This research was conducted with the aim of providing legal certainty and as a guideline for all parties related to the implementation of TJSL and law enforcement. The research method used in this research is a normative juridical research type that analyzes legal issues against the prevailing norms or positive legal rules. This research was conducted using a Statute Approach and a Conceptual Approach.Keywords: Limited Liability Company; legal sanctions; Corporate Social Responsibility.Corporate Social Responsibility merupakan konsep yang dikenal dalam dunia bisnis sebagai bentuk kepedulian perusahaan terhadap masyarakat. Indonesia mengatur CSR dengan istilah Tanggung Jawab Sosial dan Lingkungan. TJSL diatur dalam Pasal 74 Undang-Undang Nomor 40 Tahun 2007 Tentang Perseroan Terbatas. Pengaturan ini mewajibkan setiap perusahaan yang kegiatannya mengelola dan/atau berkaitan dengan sumber daya alam. Perusahaan perkebunan merupakan perusahaan yang kegiatan usahanya mengelola sumber daya alam memiliki kewajiban dalam melaksanakan TJSL. Namun, Perusahaan perkebunan dalam menjalankan TJSL terdapat beberapa permasalahan yaitu belum adanya peraturan yang mengatur secara jelas terkait dengan bentuk kegiatan yang termasuk TJSL dan sanksi bagi perusahaan perkebunan yang tidak melaksanakan TJSL yang menimbulkan kekosongan hukum dan ketidakpastian hukum bagi perusahaan, pemerintah maupun bagi masyarakat. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk memberikan kepastian hukum serta dapat menjadi pedoman bagi seluruh pihak terkait dengan pelaksanaan TJSL dan penegakan hukumnya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah tipe penelitian yuridis normatif yang menganalisa permasalahan hukum terhadap norma atau kaidah hukum posistif yang berlaku. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan Pendekatan Perundang-Undangan dan Pendekatan Konseptual.Kata Kunci: Perseroan Terbatas; Sanksi Hukum; Tanggung Jawab Sosial Perusahaan.
Zulyani Mahmud, Zahratul Idami, Suhaimi Suhaimi
Published: 1 June 2021
Media Iuris, Volume 4, pp 265-288; doi:10.20473/mi.v4i2.26478

Abstract:
This article discusses and describes the task of the Banda Aceh Special Development Institute (LPKA) in providing guidance and fulfilling the rights of children in lpka. Law No. 11 of 2012 on the child criminal justice system in Article 3 states that every child in the criminal justice process has the right to conduct recreational activities, but in fact the fulfillment of children’s recreational rights has not been carried out to the maximum while in LPKA. The research method used is empirical juridical research method. The results showed the granting of Recreational Rights has not been running optimally, from within the LPKA is done by giving a schedule of play to students on holidays, activities carried out are playing volleys and playing musical instruments, activities outside lpka is to be a guest at discussion events held by other parties. not clearly regulated how the granting of recreational rights, the granting of recreational rights is done only on the basis of the policy of the Head of LPKA. Inhibitory factors in the absence of a special budget for the granting of recreational rights.Keywords: Fullfillment; Right; Recreational; Child Prisioner.Artikel ini membahas dan menganilis tugas Lembaga Pembinaan Khusus Anak (LPKA) Banda Aceh dalam memberikan pembinaan dan mempenuhi hak-hak anak di dalam LPKA, Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2012 tentang sistem peradilan pidana anak dalam Pasal 3 menyebutkan bahwa setiap anak dalam proses peradilan pidana berhak melakukan kegiatan rekreasional, Namun dalam faktanya pemenuhan hak rekreasional anak belumlah terlaksana dengan maksimal selama di LPKA. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian yuridis empiris. Hasil penelitian menunjukan pemberian Hak Rekreasional belum berjalan maksimal, dari dalam LPKA dilakukan dengan cara memberikan jadwal bermain kepada anak didik di hari libur, kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah bermain volley dan bermain alat musik, kegiatan di luar LPKA yaitu menjadi tamu pada acara-acara diskusi yang di selenggarkan pihak lain. tidak diatur secara jelas bagaimana pemberian hak rekreasional tersebut, pemberian hak rekreasional dilakukan hanya atas dasar kebijakan Kepala LPKA. Faktor Penghambat tidak adanya anggaran khusus untuk pemberian hak rekreasional.Kata Kunci: Pemenuhan; Hak; Rekreasional; Narapidana Anak.
Adam Barnini, Nyulistiowati Suryanti, Artaji Artaji
Published: 1 June 2021
Media Iuris, Volume 4, pp 125-144; doi:10.20473/mi.v4i2.26286

Abstract:
This article will examine the position of creditors who are not registered in the peace agreement that has been ratified in filing a bankruptcy statement and the strength of the homologation decision against creditors who are not registered in the peace agreement. The research method used is juridical normative by referring to written legal materials by reviewing secondary data in the form of primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials relating to bankruptcy and suspension of payment. The results of this study conclude that first, creditors who feel disadvantaged because they are not registered in the peace agreement cannot file a bankruptcy statement. Second, the homologation decision still has legal force against creditors who are not registered in the homologation decision.Keywords: Suspension Of Obligation For Payment Of Debt; Homologation Decision; Creditors are Not Registered in the Peace Agreement.Penelitian ini akan membahas mengenai kedudukan kreditor yang tidak terdaftar dalam perjanjian perdamaian yang telah disahkan dalam mengajukan permohonan pernyataan pailit dan kekuatan putusan homologasi terhadap kreditor yang tidak terdaftar dalam perjanjian perdamaian. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah yuridis normatif dengan merujuk pada bahan-bahan hukum tertulis dengan mengkaji data sekunder yang berupa bahan hukum primer, sekunder dan tersier yang berkaitan dengan kepailitan dan PKPU. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa pertama, terhadap kreditor yang merasa dirugikan karena tidak terdaftar dalam perjanjian perdamaian tidak dapat mengajukan permohonan pernyataan pailit. Kedua, putusan homologasi tetap memiliki kekuatan hukum terhadap kreditor yang tidak terdaftar dalam putusan homologasi.Kata Kunci: PKPU; Putusan Homologasi; Kreditor Tidak Terdaftar; Perjanjian Perdamaian.
Nur Sugiarti, R. Moh. Qudsi Fauzi
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 327-337; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp327-337

Abstract:
ABSTRAKPenelitian ini menguji pengaruh kewirausahaan Islam, entrepreneurial orientation, dan market orientation terhadap kinerja Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM). Penelitian ini dilakukan pada UMKM yang tergabung dalam One Kecamatan One Center of Entrepreneurship Indonesia (OK Oce Indonesia). Jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 142 responden. Penelitian ini berdasarkan pendekatan kuantitatif melalui kuesioner yang diberikan kepada pemilik sekaligus pengelola UMKM. Data dianalisis menggunakan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) dari software AMOS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan positif signifikan antara kewirausahaan Islam, orientasi kewirausahaan dan orientasi pasar terhadap kinerja UMKM. Temuan penelitian ini menegaskan bahwa kewirausahaan Islam merupakan faktor penting di antara faktor-faktor lain yang memengaruhi kinerja UMKM. Selain itu, temuan ini berkontribusi pada literatur kinerja UMKM yang dapat membantu pemilik sekaligus pengelola UMKM untuk meningkatkan kinerja bisnisnya.Kata Kunci: kewirausahaan Islam, orientasi wirausaha, orientasi pasar, kinerja. ABSTRACTThis study examines the effect of Islamic entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial orientation and market orientation on performance of micro, small, medium enterprises (MSMEs). This study is conducted on MSMEs that are participate in One Kecamatan One Center of Entrepreneurship Indonesia (OK Oce Indonesia). Total sample in this study is 142 respondents. The study based on quantitative approach through a questionnaire administered on the owner-managers of MSMEs. Data are analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) of the AMOS software. The result showed that there is a significant positive relationship between Islamic entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial orientation and market orientation on MSMEs performance. The findings of this study confirm that Islamic entrepreneuship is an important factor among other factors that have influenced over MSMEs performance. Moreover, this findings contribute to MSMEs performance literature that can help MSMEs owner-managers to improve their business performance. Keywords: Islamic entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation, performance.
Habib Sa'Dul Kholqi, Dina Fitrisia Septiarini
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 338-353; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp338-353

Abstract:
ABSTRAKPengungkapan ICSR menjadi isu penting yang dapat mempengaruhi reputasi dan profitabilitas bank syariah. Banyak penelitian empiris terkait pengaruh ICSR terhadap profitabilitas menunjukan hasil yang beragam. Misspesifikasi model penelitian dan strategi ICSR dapat menjadi sebab hasil tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh pengungkapan ICSR terhadap kinerja keuangan bank syariah dengan mempertimbankan reputasi sebagai variabel mediasi dan visibilitas sebagai variabel yang memoderasi pengaruh pengungkapan ICSR terhadap reputasi. Pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode PLS SEM digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis. 10 bank syariah di Indonesia pada periode 2014-2019 dijadikan sebagai sampel. Hasil estimasi menunjukan bahwa pengungkapan ICSR berpengaruh positif baik terhadap reputasi maupun profitabilitas. Visibilitas bank syariah juga terbukti memoderasi pengaruh pengungkapan ICSR terhadap reputasi bank. Meskipun demikian, Reputasi tidak terbukti memediasi pengaruh ICSR terhadap profitabilitas bank syariah. Implikasi dari hasil penelitian ini adala pentingnya pengungkapan ICSR bagi bank syariah karena dapat mempengaruhi reputasi dan profitabilitas perusahaan. Meskipun reputasi sendiri tidak terbukti memberikan pengaruh terhadap profitabilitas, reputasi dapat menjadi sumber daya strategis bagi bank. Selain itu, bagi bank syariah dengan visibilitas tinggi, pengungkapan ICSR menjadi sangat penting karena dampaknya yang lebih besar yang terbukti dapat memperkuat hubungan pengungkapan ICSR terhadap reputasi.Kata Kunci: Pengungkapan Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility, Variabel Mediasi, Variabel Moderasi, Profitabilitas, Bank Syariah. ABSTRACTICSR disclosure becomes an important issue that could effect reputation and profitability of Islamic Bank. a lot of empirical research on the effect of ICSR disclosure to profitability indicates an inconsistent result. Misspecification of the research model and the ICSR strategy could be the cause of it. The study aims to examine the impact of ICSR disclosure to profitability by considering reputation as a mediating variable and visibility as a variable that moderates the effect of ICSR disclosure on reputation. Quantitative approach with PLS SEM method is applied to confirm the hypothesis. 10 Indonesian Islamic Banks on 2014-2019 period are take as a sample. The estimation results show that ICSR disclosure has positive effect on reputation and profitability. It also indicates that Islamic bank visibility moderates the correlation between ICSR disclosure and reputation. However, Islamic bank reputation isn’t proven to mediate the correlation between ICSR disclosure and the profitability. The implication of the study result is that ICSR disclosure is important for the Islamic banks because it can affect its reputation and profitability. Although reputation itself is not proven to affect profitability, it can be a strategic resource for a bank. In addition, for high-visibility Islamic banks, disclosure of ICSR is crutial because of its greater impact that is proven to affect the relationship of ICSR disclosure to reputation.Keywords: Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure, Mediating Variable, Moderating Variable, Profitability, Islamic Bank.
Alifah Aditania, Sri Herianingrum
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 363-373; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp363-373

Abstract:
ABSTRAKMasalah kemiskinan di Indonesia menjadikan ekonomi islam ikut serta dalam memperhatikan cara menanggulangi masalah tersebut. Baitul Maal wat Tamwil (BMT) sebagai lembaga keuangan mikro syariah didirikan untuk menjembatani orang-orang yang memiliki harta berlebih dengan orang-orang yang kekurangan harta. BMT Muda Surabaya hadir dengan beberapa unit pembiayaan yang beroperasi melalui dana yang dihimpun dari shahibul maal. Penelitian ini fokus melihat peran pengusaha muslim sebagai shahibul maal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini merupakan pengetahuan motivasi dari pengusaha muslim sebagai shahibul maal tersebut dan juga peran BMT Muda Surabaya dalam mempertahankan serta meningkatkan penghimpunan dana kepada pengusaha muslim sebagai shahibul maal. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif dengan studi kasus. Data yang dikumpulkan melalui observasi langsung, wawancara, dan dokumen, serta validasi data dengan triangulasi sumber dan teknik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dampak positif penghimpunan dana kepada pengusaha muslim sehubungan dengan jalinan tali silaturahmi yang baik antara BMT Muda dengan shahibul maal tersebut, sehingga dapat menimbulkan minat pengusaha muslim untuk meletakkan sebagian dananya di BMT Muda Surabaya. Pertahanan dan peningkatan penghimpunan dana yang harus dilakukan dengan meningkatkan seluruh komponen pada faktor-faktor yang menjadi penunjang minat pengusaha muslim seperti kepercayaan, kelembagaan, sumber daya manusia, keuntungan, religiusitas, dan spiritualitas.Kata Kunci: Pengusaha muslim, shahibul maal, Penghimpunan dana, BMT Muda Surabaya, Motivasi. ABSTRACTBaitul Maal wat Tamwil (BMT) is a sharia microfinance institution that acts as a bridge between people who have excess assets and people who are not.BMT Muda Surabaya is one of the institutions with several financing units that operate from funds collected from shahibul maal. In this study, the author focused on observing the role of Muslim entrepreneurs as shahibul maal in BMT Muda Surabaya. This study aims to determine the motivation of Muslim entrepreneurs as shahibul maal also the role of BMT Muda Surabaya in maintaining and increasing the acquisition of funds for Muslim entrepreneurs as shahibul maal. The method used for the study is qualitative with case studies. The data were collected through direct observation, interviews, and documents. Then, the data was validated by triangulation of sources and techniques. The result showed that there was a positive impact in raising funds for Muslim entrepreneurs as shahibul maal, considering there was a good relationship between BMT Muda and the shahibul maal that it could arouse the interest of Muslim entrepreneurs to deposit some of their assets in BMT Muda Surabaya. The initial capital needed is human resources, particularly Muslim entrepreneurs who can trust BMT Muda Surabaya for some of their assets. Besides, a defense and an increase in the funds collecting are also required, which must be done by increasing all components of the supporting factors for the interest of Muslim entrepreneurs such as trust, institutions, human resources, profit, religiosity, and spiritual.Keywords: Muslim entrepreneurs, shahibul maal, Fundraising, BMT Muda Surabaya, Motivation.
Novita Hestiani, Dian Filianti
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 264-274; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp264-274

Abstract:
ABSTRAKPerkembangan internet yang cepat memudahkan untuk menyebarkan informasi perusahaan kepada publik, pelaporan secara internet melaui website perusahaan yang sering disebut Internet Financial Reporting (IFR). IFR dapat membantu mengurangi agency cost terkait biaya penyebarluasan informasi berbentuk cetakan. IFR juga membantu menyebarkan informasi mengenai keunggulan-keunggulan perusahaan untuk memudahkan investor mengambil keputusan dan menarik investor baru. Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk memberikan bukti secara empiris mengenai pengaruh Profitabilitas, Jenis Industri, Firm Size, Reputasi Auditor terhadap Internet Financial Reporting (IFR). Sampel dalam peneltian ini sebanyak 30 perusahaan yang terdaftar di Jakarta Islamic Index tahun 2019. Teknik analisis data pada penelitian ini adalah uji analisis regresi berganda. Dalam penelitian ini mengungkapkan hasil bahwa variabel Firm Size dan Reputasi Auditor menunjukkan hasil yang positif dan signifikan. Sedangkan Profitabilitas dan Jenis Industri tidak terbukti memiliki hasil yang signifikan.Kata kunci: Profitabilitas, Jenis Industri, Firm Size, Reputasi Auditor, Internet Financial Reporting. ABSTRACTThe rapid development of the internet makes it easy to disseminate company information to the public, reporting on the internet through the company's website which is often called Internet Financial Reporting (IFR). IFR can help reduce agency costs related to the cost of disseminating printed information. IFR also helps disseminate information about the advantages of the company to make it easier for investors to make decisions and attract new investors. This study aims to provide empirical evidence regarding the effect of Profitability, Industry Type, Firm Size, Auditor Reputation on Internet Financial Reporting (IFR). The samples in this study were 30 companies registered in the Jakarta Islamic Index in 2019. The data analysis technique in this study was multiple regression analysis. In this study, the results reveal that the Firm Size and Auditor Reputation variables show positive and significant results. Meanwhile, the profitability and type of industry are not proven to have significant results. Keywords: Profitability, Type of Industry, Firm Size, Auditor Reputation, Internet Financial Reporting.
Fatkul Mubin Choiriyah, Luqman Hakim
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 275-287; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp275-287

Abstract:
ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bermaksud untuk menganalisis Pengaruh Pengetahuan Produk Bank Syariah, Pelayanan Bank Syariah, dan Pendapatan terhadap Preferensi Menabung Mahasiswa di Bank Syariah dengan Persepsi sebagai Variabel Moderating. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan kuesioner dalam pengumpulan data. Pengujian kuesioner dilakukan dengan aplikasi Soland 2.1. Populasi penelitian adalah mahasiswa Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Universitas Airlangga, dan Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, dengan program studi pendidikan akuntansi, ekonomi syariah, dan ekonomi Islam. Sampel berjumlah 100 mahasiswa dengan teknik quota sampling. Uji hipotesis menggunakan analisis regresi linier dan Moderate Regression Analysis (MRA). Hasil penelitian ini, secara parsial Pengetahuan Produk Bank Syariah, Pelayanan Bank Syariah, Pendapatan, dan Persepsi mempunyai pengaruh yang positif serta signifikan terhadap Preferensi Menabung Mahasiswa di Bank Syariah. Secara simultan, semua variabel independen mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan serta positif terhadap variabel dependen. Persepsi sebagai variabel moderating Pengetahuan Produk Bank Syariah memberikan pengaruh signifikan terhadap Preferensi Menabung Mahasiswa di Bank Syariah, sedangkan Pelayanan Bank Syariah dan Pendapatan yang dimoderasi oleh Persepsi tidak memiliki pengaruh positif serta signifikan terhadap Preferensi Menabung Mahasiswa di Bank Syariah.Kata Kunci: Pengetahuan Produk Bank Syariah, Pelayanan Bank Syariah, Pendapatan, Persepsi, Preferensi Menabung. ABSTRACTThis study intends to analyze the effect Sharia banking product knowledge, Sharia banking services, and income towards preference saving students on Sharia banks with perception as a moderating variables. The research method used is quantitative research, using questionnaire in data collection. The questionnaire was tested using the Soland 2.1. The research population was students of the Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Universitas Airlangga, and Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, with study programs of accounting education, sharia economics, and Islamic economics. The sample used was 100 students with a quota sampling technique. Hypothesis testing uses linear regression analysis and Moderate Regression Analysis (MRA). The results of this study, partially, Sharia banking product knowledge, Sharia banking services, and Income, and Perception have a positive and significant effect on Saving Preferences in Sharia Bank. Simultaneously, all independent variables have a significant and positive influence on the dependent variable. Perception as a moderating variable Sharia Bank Product Knowledge has a significant effect on Saving Preference in Sharia Banks, while Sharia Banking Services and Income moderated by Perception do not have a positive and significant effect on Saving Preference in Sharia Banks.Keywords: Knowledge of Sharia Bank Products, Sharia Bank Services, Income, Perception, Savings Preferences.
Ibnu Jauzi, Ari Prasetyo
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 297-304; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp297-304

Abstract:
ABSTRAKLoyalitas pelanggan merupakan hal yang harus diutamakan perusahaan jasa dalam menjalankan bisnisnya. Tanpa adanya pelanggan yang loyal terhadap perusahaan maka sustainbility perusahaan tersebut akan terancam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti dampak orientasi pelayanan dan kualitas pelayanan terhadap loyalitas pelanggan melalui kepuasan pelanggan pada salon muslimah di Kota Kediri. Apakah dalam mencapai loyalitas pelanggan harus melalui kepuasan pelanggan atau tidak. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode SEM PLS. Pengujiannya dilakukan menggunakan aplikasi SmartPLS 3.0 dengan kategori responden yaitu pelanggan yang telah merasakan produk salon muslimah di Kota Kediri. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya efek moderasi kepuasan pelanggan dalam hubungan orientasi dan kualitas pelayanan terhadap loyalitas pelanggan.Hal tersebut mengindikasikan bahwa orientasi dan kualitas pelayanan yang dilakukan oleh salon muslimah di Kota Kediri bisa dikategorikan baik sehingga membuat para pelanggannya menjadi loyal.Kata Kunci: Loyalitas Pelanggan, Orientasi Pelayanan, Kualitas Pelayanan, Kepuasan Pelanggan, Salon Muslimah. ABSTRACTCustomer loyalty is something that must be prioritized by service companies in running their business. Without customers who are loyal to the company, the company's sustainability will be threatened. This study aims to examine the impact of service orientation and service quality on customer loyalty through customer satisfaction at Muslimah salons in Kediri. Whether to achieve customer loyalty must go through customer satisfaction or not. This study uses a quantitative approach with the SEM PLS method. The test was carried out using the SmartPLS 3.0 application with the respondent category, namely customers who have experienced Muslim salon products in Kediri. The results showed that there was a moderating effect of customer satisfaction in the relationship between orientation and service quality on customer loyalty. This indicates that the orientation and quality of service carried out by muslimah salons in Kediri City can be categorized as good so that it makes its customers loyal.Keywords: Customer Loyalty, Service Orientation, Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction, Muslimah Salon.
Rohmat Al Baihaqi
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 10-12; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26882

Abstract:
Introduction: Gastritis is a problem that many people experience and can occur at various ages. The most common symptom for gastritis sufferers is acute pain. However, acute pain nursing care in gastritis patients is different. This study is to explain Acute Pain Nursing Care for Gastritis Clients at Anggrek Room RSI Nashrul Ummah Lamongan. Methods: This study used case study design. Sampling of this study was one child suffering from gastritis with acute pain symptom. Data of this study were collected by interview, observation, physical examination and documentation. The data that obtained were analyzed with descriptive methods, diagnosis and evaluation. Results: The results showed that there were several gaps between case and theories for the assessment stage. A gap occurs in the assessment of the physical examination of the nasal passages which reveals the presence of nasal lobe breathing while holding pain. The priority of nursing diagnosis was acute pain and the focus of interventions was on pain management. Conclusion: Providing implementation of non-pharmacological techniques (distraction and relaxation techniques) and pharmacological (collaboration providing analgesics), environmental management, touch management, providing knowledge of the causes of pain and efforts to reduce pain, and observation of conditions that are effective in reducing pain in patients
Emuliana Sulpat, Fitria Listianingsih
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 13-17; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.25933

Abstract:
Introduction: Play is an activity where the child can perform or practice skills, express thoughts, be creative, prepare to play and behave maturely, the results of a preliminary study in Benjeng 50 parental (64.70%) do not know the function of play for children. The research objective is to determine the relationship between the level of parental knowledge and the provision of APE. Methods: The design of this study was a correlation study with a Cross Sectional approach, with all parent populations of 34 respondents, a sample of 20 respondents. Sampling using simple random sampling technique, data taken using questionnaire and observation sheets, then analyzed by spearman test with a significance level a α = 0.05. Results: The results showed that (50%) of respondents had a moderate level of knowledge about the function of play and (65%) respondents gave APE. The statistical test result obtained rs = 0,499 and p= 0,025, where p> 0,05. Conclusion: This study is a relationship between the level of knowledge of parents about the function of play and the provision of APE, in Balong Tunjung Village, Benjeng , Gresik.
Rukanah Rukanah
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 25-31; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26434

Abstract:
Introduction: WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for newborn sup to six month sofage. Exclusive breastfeeding is given forinfantonlybreastmilk, not given food or other fluids, evenwater, except for vitamins, minerals, ormedicines. Exclusive breast feeding has a positive effect on the motor development of infants in earlylife. This study aimed to determine the relationship between breastfeeding with gross and fine motor skills development in infants 6-12 months. Methods: The design was a cross-sectional study, a total sample of 43 infants with a simple random sampling technique. The research instrument used questionnaires and interviews to obtain data on exclusive breastfeeding, to measure gross motor and fine motor skills development using a checklist form based on Denver II. Data analysis used the Chi-square test with a significance level of α <0.05. Results: The results showed a significant relationship between breastfeeding and gross motor skills development in infants (p=0,000), and there was no relationship between breastfeeding and fine motor skills development in infants (p=0,191). Conclusion: The study concludes that there is the level of knowledge and readiness of mothers in giving exclusive breastfeeding was still lacking and it could cause gross motor skills in infants to experience delays, although not significantly. By providing breastfeeding, it can provide many benefits for mothers and babies, so it is hoped that mothers will increase their knowledge about giving breastfeeding exclusively and implementing it.
Sulastri Sulastri, Dedek Saiful Kohir
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 39-43; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26596

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Introduction: Efforts to overcome the effects of the aging process are a problem for the majority of the elderly, including those who live with their families. Family has an important role in providing old age with a good quality of life. The quality of life of the elderly is influenced by various factors such as social relationships, social environment, psychological factors, and social activities. This study aims to determine the relationship between family function and quality of life in the elderly. Methods: The research design used was a correlation study, with a cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique used was multistage random sampling, the number of samples was 95 people. Data collection used the World Health Organization's Quality of Life-OLD (WHOQOL-OLD) questionnaire. Results The results showed that there was a relationship between family support using family apgar and the quality of life of the elderly (p = 0.002). Conclusion: It is recommended for families to provide optimal support by paying attention to the adaptability of the elderly, closeness, development, providing opportunities for the elderly to express feelings, and solving problems for a better quality of life for the elderly.
Annisa Dwi Anugrah
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 53-56; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26877

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Introduction: Air pollution can cause respiratory system disorders in the form of alveoli damage, airway, and lung tissue inflammation. Inflammation of the lungs can damage the respiratory tissue and stimulate excess sputum production which causes ineffective airway clearance. This process, if it takes a long time, causes irreversible structural damage to the airway wall. This condition can progress to severe airway obstruction, called COPD. This research aims to explain nursing care for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in the Tuberose Room at RSI Nashrul Ummah Lamongan. Methods: The research design used in this research is case study research. Participants in the study for Mr. "K" 69 years. The result of problem identification that arises is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) with the main nursing diagnosis of Ineffective Airway Cleansing. Interventions that were emphasized and carried out in the field in cases were maintaining oxygen therapy, semi-fowler position, and administration of a nebulizer. The final evaluation of nursing diagnoses in patients was not resolved within the specified time. Result: Implementation of Nursing Care Ineffective Airway Cleansing of COPD patients in the Tuberose Room at RSI Nashrul Ummah Lamongan, there are still gaps with the literature. Conclusion: Suggestions for nurses are expected to be the focus of nurses in developing science to be applied to all nursing personnel in providing nursing care to ineffective airway cleaning for COPD patients.
Dhian Luluh Rohmawati, Mella Novika Sari
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 62-66; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.25485

Abstract:
Introduction: Hypertension is an abnormal increase in systolic blood pressure of more than 140 mmHg and diastolic more than 90 mmHg. Hypertension cannot be cured as a whole, therefore hypertension can recur. One of the factors in the occurrence of recurrence is the use of repeated cooking oil. Repeated cooking oil is cooking oil that has been used repeatedly more than once. The aim of this research to determine the relationship between the behavior of repeated use of cooking oil and the recurrence of hypertension. Methods: The design repeated is correlation with cross sectional approach. The sampling technique was carried out by purposive sampling with a sample size of 82 respondents. Collecting data using a questionnaire instrument with data processing using the T-score and Chi Square statistical test. The results of this study found that 47 respondents (57.3%) behaved using repeated cooking oil and found that 42 respondents (51.2%) experienced frequent recurrence of hypertension. Result: The results showed a significant relationship between the behavior of using repeated cooking oil and the recurrence rate of hypertension (p = 0.002). Conclusion: Further researchers need to be investigated related to nutritional pattern factors, smoking history, stress and others. In addition, it can be researched regarding the knowledge of the dangers of using repeated cooking oil for health.
Hafiz Minhajuel, Tika Widiastuti
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 354-362; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp354-362

Abstract:
ABSTRAKFood Bank adalah organisasi yang mengkoordinasi makanan berlebih dari masyarakat atau industri makanan untuk disumbangkan kepada orang yang membutuhkan. Food bank telah diterapkan di berbagai kota sebagai usaha dalam mengatasi permasalahan kerawanan pangan. Dalam penelitian ini membahas model pengelolaan infak sedekah dalam program food rescue Garda Pangan Kota Surabaya dengan metode studi kasus kualitatif-deskriptif. Beberapa pengurus Garda Pangan Surabaya dan penerima manfaat menjadi informan kunci dalam penelitian ini. Hasil dalam penelitian menunjukkan Garda Pangan menggunakan model pengelolaan konsumtif tradisional. Garda Pangan hanya ingin berfokus menyalurkan makanan yang berpotensi terbuang kepada masyarakat pra sejahtera yang membutuhkan melalui program food rescue. Penelitian ini memberikan memberikan kontribusi gambaran model pengelolaan infak sedekah dengan membangun food bank agar dapat memberikan bantuan pangan kepada masyarakat lebih optimal.Kata Kunci: Model Pengelolaan, Infak, Sedekah, Food Bank, Food Rescue. ABSTRACTFood Bank is an organization that voluntarily coordinates excess food from the community or the food industry to donate to the poor and needy. Food banks have been implemented in various cities in an effort to overcome the problem of food insecurity. In this research, it discusses the management model of alms donations in the food rescue program of Garda Pangan Kota Surabaya with a qualitative-descriptive case study method. Several Surabaya Food Guard administrators and beneficiaries were key informants in this study. The results of the study indicate that Garda Pangan uses a traditional consumptive management model. Garda Pangan only wants to focus on distributing food that is potentially wasted to underprivileged people in need through a food rescue program. This study contributes to an overview of the alms donation management model by building a food bank so that it can provide food assistance to the community more optimally.Keywords: Management Model, Infaq, Alms, Food Bank, Food Rescue.
Novi Sekar Sari, Ririn Tri Ratnasari
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 374-383; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp374-383

Abstract:
ABSTRAKIndonesia memiliki peluang besar menjadi barometer halal fesyen dunia. Cara yang harus dilakukan supaya bertahan di industri halal fesyen dengan mempunyai kreativitas dan menghasilkan produk baru yang inovatif. Nilai pengalaman merupakan faktor penting yang memengaruhi keberhasilan, inovasi dan daya saing. Nilai pengalaman dianggap memiliki pengaruh terhadap kepuasan pengalaman dan niat berperilaku. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dan mengkaji pengaruh nilai pengalaman pada halal fesyen, kepuasan pengalaman dan niat berperilaku dengan objek penelitian Laksmi Muslimah. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan menggunakan path analysis. Penelitian ini memiliki hasil bahwa nilai pengalaman pada halal fesyen berpengaruh terhadap kepuasan pengalaman, kepuasan pengalaman berpengaruh terhadap niat berperilaku, nilai pengalaman pada halal fesyen berpengaruh terhadap niat berperilaku. Penelitian ini memiliki implikasi pada ilmu pemasaran Islam, yaitu pemahaman tentang pengalaman konsumen yang kemudian akan memberikan dampak pada perilaku masa depan seperti merekomendasikan produk/layanan kepada orang lain.Kata Kunci: nilai pengalaman, halal fesyen, kepuasan pengalaman, niat berperilaku. ABSTRACTIndonesia has a great opportunity to become a barometer of the world's halal fashion. The way that must be done to survive in the halal fashion industry is by having creativity and producing innovative new products. Experiential value is an important factor affecting success, innovation and competitiveness. Experiential value is considered to have an influence on experiential satisfaction and behavioral intention. This study aims to identify and examine the effect between the experiential value on halal fashion, experiential satisfaction and behavioral intention with the object of research of Laksmi Muslimah. This study uses quantitative methods using path analysis. This study has the results that the experiential value on halal fashion has an effect on experiential satisfaction, experiential satisfaction has an effect on behavioral intention, the experiential value on halal fashion has an effect on behavioral intention. This research has implications for Islamic marketing science, namely an understanding of consumer experiences which will then have an impact on future behavior such as products/services to others.Keywords: experiential value, halal fashion, experiential satisfaction, behavioral intention.
Ghitha Millatina Islamiyati, Nana Diana
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 255-263; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp255-263

Abstract:
ABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah pembiayaan mudharabah dan pembiayaan musyarakah berpengaruh terhadap Return On Equity (ROE) studi kasus pada Bank Umum Syariah di Indonesia periode 2015-2019. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh data dalam laporan keuangan yang terdapat pada Bank Umum Syariah di Indonesia dan didapat sampel dari hasil purposive sampling sebanyak 9 Bank Umum Syariah dengan variable bebas yaitu pembiayaan mudharabah (X1) dan pembiayaan musyarakah (X2) serta variabel tetap yaitu Return On Equity (ROE) (Y). Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu analisis deskriptif, uji asumsi klasik yang terdiri dari uji normalitas, uji heteroksiditas, uji multikolinearitas dan uji autokorelasi juga uji hipotesis yang terdiri dari uji statistic t untuk menguji secara terpisah, uji statistic F untuk menguji secara bersama dan koefisien determinasi (R2). Hasil penelitian menjelaskan bahwa secara terpisah, Return On Equity (ROE) tidak dipengaruhi oleh pembiayaan mudharabah maupun pembiayaan musyarakah.. Pada uji secara bersama-sama, Return On Equity (ROE) tidak dipengaruhi oleh pembiayaan mudharabah dan pembiayaan musyarakah studi kasus Bank Umum Syariah di Indonesia periode 2015-2019.Kata Kunci: pembiayaan mudharabah, pembiayaan musyarakah, return on equity ROE), bank umum syariah. ABSTRACTThe intention of this research is to reveal whether mudarabah and musharakah financing have an effect on the return on equity (ROE) case studies on Islamic Commercial Banks in Indonesia period 2015-2019. The population in this research is all data in the financial reports contained in Islamic Commercial Banks in Indonesia and obtained samples from the purposive sampling of 9 Islamic Commercial Banks with independent variables, namely mudarabah financing (X1) and musharakah financing (X2) and dependent variable namely return on equity (ROE) (Y). The research method used are analysis of descriptive, test of classic assumption which contains test of normality, heteroxidity test, multicollinearity test and autocorrelation test as well as hypothesis testing which includes t statistical test to test partially, statistical F test to test simultaneously and the coefficient of determination (R2). The results of the research explain that partially, return on equity (ROE) has no effected by mudarabah financing and musharakah financing. In the simultaneous test, return on equity (ROE) has no effected by mudarabah financing and musharakah financing in case study of Islamic Commercial Banks in Indonesia for the 2015-2019 period. Keywords: Mudarabah financing, musharakah financing, return on equity (ROE), Islamic commercial bank.
Aris Puji Utami, Hanim Nur Faizah, Moh. Wafi Mubarok
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 32-38; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26359

Abstract:
Introduction: Cases of STIs continue to soar, one of which is due to the practice of prostitution because women sex workers (WPS) are one of the high risk groups of contracting and transmitting STIs. The purpose of this study was to explore knowledge and explore the behaviour of women sex workers indirectly. Methods: The design of this research uses descriptive qualitative research method with phenomonology. The subject of this study was women indirect sex workers who sold sexual services in exchange for money located in the village stalls of Sugiwaras District Jenu Tuban District a number of five women sex workers. Data collection techniques used in this research are observation and structured interview techniques. Result: The results of this study showed that participants' knowledge of reproductive health was not good, as evidenced by the women sex workers were not immediately able to explain the definition, signs and symptoms and how to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In terms of applying behaviour, participants were classified as negative because all participants revealed to have had unless condomless sexual intercourse and economic difficulties. Conclution: The sexual behaviour of female sex workers indirectly in the stalls along the pantura was classified as negative because all participants revealed to have had sexual intercourse without condoms and economic difficulties. Female sex workers also have low knowledge of STI.
Maria Ambrosia Barek, Joni Haryanto, Elida Ulfiana
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 44-52; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26934

Abstract:
Introduction: Elderly are individuals who are vulnerable and at risk of experiencing health problems related to nutritional status. Families who live together are expected to be able to provide nutritional intake in accordance with the condition of the elderly so that adequate knowledge is needed in preparing the need for balanced nutrition. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and family support to elderly's nutritional status. Methods: The search for literature review articles was carried out in four databases (Scopus, Science Direct, Pub med, and Google Scholar) with a publication span of 2016-2020. The prism checklist was used to guide this review. Analysis and data tabulation were carried out in the article. Title, abstract, full text and methodology were assessed to determine study eligibility. Results: A total of 10 studies matched the inclusion criteria of the study, consisting of 6 cross-sectional studies and 4 qualitative studies. A review study found that good knowledge, positive attitude and good family support are directly proportional to the nutritional status of the elderly. Discussion: Family has a role in maintaining the health of the elderly, one of which is in fulfilling nutrition. Knowledge, attitudes and family support are related to the nutritional status of the elderly. Conclusions: Families who have knowledge related to nutrition can provide complete food intake and according to the needs of the elderly. A good family attitude will increase their support in helping fulfill nutrition.
Ilkafah Ilkafah, Indah Dwi Lestari
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 57-61; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26377

Abstract:
Introduction: Fracture is a condition which will cause interference with mobilization and pain in patients. In a fracture patient, the patient will be surgically operated or operated on. Complaints that often arise in patients due to after surgery is pain. Pain is a major nursing problem in fractures. The purpose of this study was to carry out nursing care for patients with acute pain in patients with Sinusra Radius Fracture Post Surgery in Dr. Soegiri Lamongan. Methods: This research used qualitative research case study approach. The research subject used was one patient with a nursing problem that is Acute Pain in Post Sinusra Radius Fracture Surgery. This study used 1 patient as a participant on 26 September 2019 to 28 September 2019 in Bougenvil 1 room Dr. Soegiri Lamongan. Data collection uses assessment by interview, physical examination, supporting examination and supported by other documentation. Data analysis with this research was carried out while still paying attention to research ethics. Results: The results obtained are acute pain nursing problems, with priority nursing actions efforts to overcome decreased pain in patients. After doing care for three days, there are decrease in pain scale as evidenced by the pain scale on the third day, the client improved with the original scale of 5 to 3. Conclusion: The conclusion from the research conducted found that deep breathing relaxation technique is one of the effective non-pharmacological pain management methods to reduce pain. To overcome the postoperative incident Sinus Radius Fracture, patients should take medication regularly, and control health services.
Fadliyah Laila, Amellia Mardhika, Emuliana Sulfat, Iswatun Iswatun, Endah Sri Wijayanti, Nela A. S
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 67-71; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26215

Abstract:
Introduction: Post-placental IUD is a long-term contraceptive method with an effective pregnancy prevention 0.6-0.8 pregnancies / 100 women. Installation that is carried out when the mother gives birth has an impact on the coverage of contraceptive use from an early age. Post-placental IUD contraceptives are not only effective in the long term for up to 10 years but are also affordable contraceptives for people from low to high economies status. Currently, these contraceptives can be purchased or installed for free. Contraception does not interfere with milk production, does not require routine follow-up to the hospital, contraceptive examinations can be done independently. The purpose of this study was to describe the knowledge about the post-placenta IUD contraceptive method. Methods: This study used a descriptive design, with a population of 98 people and a sample of 54 people. The sampling used is purposive sampling. Collecting data with a closed questionnaire. Data processing and data analysis by editing, scoring, coding, tabulating and presented in narrative form then draw conclusions. Results: Based on the results of the study, it was found that most (78.1%) pregnant women had less knowledge about Post Placenta IUD contraception. Conclusion: The reference of this study is to increase knowledge about the Post Placenta IUD (Intra Uterine Device) contraceptive method in pregnant women. Periodic health education regarding this contraceptive method during pregnancy so that at delivery, post placenta IUD contraception can be immediately installed.
Fanni Okviasanti, Dia Ayu Anggraini, Aris Cahyo Purnomo
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 80-84; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26891

Abstract:
Introduction: Severe pain in the upper right abdomen was commonly found in hepatitis B patients. Hepatitis B patients who experience pain take longer in the process of healing the disease than those who do not. Acute pain nursing care in hepatitis B patients is still unknown. This study aimed to describe acute pain nursing care in patients with hepatitis B. Methods: This study used a case study design. Data collection from assessment to nursing evaluation was carried out in the internal ward of a governmental hospital in Lamongan on November 2019. The hepatitis B patient was observed or treated for at least three days. Data collection techniques used interviews, observation, and documentation. Data analysis was performed using narrative analysis. Results: Assessment of Mr. A with the main complaint felt by the patient was a pain in the upper right abdomen. The nursing diagnosis in Mr. A's case was found to be an actual diagnosis with priority being acute pain relate to physiological injury agents (D.0077). Nursing interventions at Mr. A were arranged based on priority diagnosis with acute pain using pharmacological techniques and non-pharmacological techniques, and antibiotics. Conclusion: The nursing problem of Mr. A was resolved after 72 hours of nursing intervention. The patient displayed a decreased level of pain with a pain scale of 2, decreased restlessness, no grimace, no protective attitude, and absence of insomnia.
Satrio Hadibowono, Noven Suprayogi
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 318-326; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp318-326

Abstract:
ABSTRAKLembaga keuangan mikro adalah lembaga keuangan yang beroperasi karena berfungsi sebagai perantara keuangan dalam skala yang lebih kecil. Tetapi ada lembaga keuangan mikro yang tidak bekerja dengan cara itu, khususnya lembaga keuangan mikro ini tidak mengambil simpanan dari orang-orang. Karena mereka berfungsi sebagai lembaga keuangan mikro - sosial. Mereka beroperasi dengan sumber modal dari Lembaga Amil Zakat Indonesia, dan memberi orang-orang di sekitar sekolah asrama Islam suatu pemberdayaan dengan memberikan pinjaman dengan berbagai akd, tetapi dengan upah kecil atau rasio bagi hasil (hanya 3%). Lembaga keuangan mikro disebut sebagai Bank Wakaf Mikro. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memberikan penjelasan tentang bagaimana Bank Wakaf Mikro mengelola likuiditasnya tanpa deposit dari debitur. Dengan hanya satu sumber modal, bagaimana Bank Wakaf Mikro dapat mengoperasikan pembiayaan atau operasi peminjaman mereka?.Kata Kunci: Manajemen likuiditas, lembaga keuangan mikro, risiko likuiditas, risiko kredit, biaya operasional, strategi keuangan. ABSTRACTMicrofinance is a financial institution who operates as it function as a financial intermediaries on a smaller scale. But there is a microfinance institution who don’t works with that way, specifically this microfinance institution does not take any deposit from the people. Because they’re functioned as a microfinance–social institution. They operates with the capital source from Indonesian Amil Zakat Institution, and giving people around islamic boarding school an empowerment by giving a lending with various akd, but with a small wage or profit sharing ratio (only 3%). The microfinance institution is called as Bank Wakaf Mikro. This research goals is to give an explanation about how Bank Wakaf Mikro manage their liquidity without any deposit from debtor. With only one source of capital, how could Bank Wakaf Mikro operates their financing or lending operation?.Keywords: Liquidity management, microfinancing institution, liquidity risk, financing risk, operational cost, stategy.
Winalda Klarista Putri,
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 288-296; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp288-296

Abstract:
ABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui terkait pengaruh volume produksi minyak, harga minyak dunia, PDB, inflasi, dan jumlah penduduk terhadap IPM di negara anggota OKI pada tahun 2008-2017. Regresi data panel dengan model fixed effect adalah metode yang digunakan untuk menyelidiki hubungan antara variabel bebas dan variabel terikat sebagian atau seluruhnya di waktu yang sama.. Hasil yang ditemukan menunjukkan bahwa volume produksi minyak dan harga minyak dunia berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap IPM. PDB menunjukkan pengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap IPM. Sedangkan, inflasi dan jumlah penduduk berpengaruh positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap IPM. Hasil ini dapat menjadi informasi dan pertimbangan bagi pemerintah serta otoritas terkait dalam pengambilan kebijakan dalam memperbaiki dan meningkatkan pembangunan manusia pada masing-masing Negara-negara anggota OKI. Kata Kunci: Produksi Minyak, Harga Minyak Dunia, Indeks Pembangunan Manusia, Negara Anggota OKI. ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study is to find out what impact of oil production volume , world oil price, GDP, inflation, and population. Panel data regression with Fixed Effect Model is the approach used (FEM) to investigate the relationship between independent variables and the dependent variable in part or all at the same time. The findings show that oil production volume and world oil prices have a negative and signficant impact on HDI. GDP shows a positive and significant impact on HDI. Meanwhile, inflation and population have a positive and insignificant impact on HDI. These results can be used as information and considerations for the government and related authorities in policymaking in improving and increasing human development in each OIC member countries. Keywords: Oil Production, World Oil Price, Human Development Index, OIC Countries.
Febiola Bunga Asprila, Andriani Samsuri, Ana Toni Roby Candra Yudha
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, Volume 8, pp 305-317; doi:10.20473/vol8iss20213pp305-317

Abstract:
ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembiayaan mudharabah terhadap perubahan ekonomi nasabahnya melalui empat aspek yaitu aset usaha, omzet usaha, pendapatan usaha, dan laba usaha. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif. Sumber dan jenis data diperoleh dari teknik wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi kepada tujuh nasabah pembiayaan mudharabah, pihak pemerintah Desa Berbek, pihak BMT PUMA dan masyarakat sekitar. Data terkumpul kemudian dianalisis menggunakan teknik reduksi data dengan hasil penelitian yang disajikan dengan tabel, grafik, dan deskripsi. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa UMKM mengalami perubahan ekonomi positif yakni mengalami peningkatan berupa aset usaha mencapai 90%, peningkatan omzet usaha mencapai 233,33%, peningkatan pendapatan usaha mencapai 233,33%, dan peningkatan laba usaha mencapai 150%. Namun masih ditemukan nasabah yang menggunakan sebagian dana pembiayaan untuk membayar hutang, membayar sekolah anak, dan kebutuhan lain. BMT PUMA memberikan kepercayaan penuh kepada nasabah tanpa melakukan pengawasan usaha. Saran yang relevan dengan hasil penelitian yaitu nasabah diharapkan lebih amanah dalam menggunakan dana pembiayaan mudharabah, selain itu BMT PUMA sebaiknya lebih tegas dalam mengawasi penggunaan dana pembiayaan mudharabah pada nasabah. Kata Kunci: BMT, UMKM, Mudharabah, Perubahan Ekonomi. ABSTRACTThis research is qualitative research that aims to know the influence of mudharabah financing on the economic changes of its costomers through four aspects, such as business assets, business turnover, business income, and business profit. The technique of data retrieval are interviews, observation, and documentation to seven mudharabah financing costomers, Berbek Government, BMT PUMA members, and local society. Data collected then analyzed by reduction data technique with the research result presented by tables, graphics, and description. The result of this study concludes that Small Micro Enterprises (SME’s) experiencing positive economic changes that experienced an increase in the form of business assets reached 90%, increase in business turnover reached 233,33%, increase in business income reached 233,33%, and increase in business profit 150%. But there were still customers who used part of their financing funds for other needs. BMT PUMA gives full trust to customers without monitoring their business. Suggestions that are relevant to the research result is customers are expected to be more trustworthy in using mudharabah financing funds. Moreover, BMT PUMA should be more assertive in overseeing mudharabah financing funds on customers.Keywords: Baitul Maal Wattamwi, SME’s, Mudharabah, Economic changes.
Emeltriana Emilinda Aek Seran, Joni Haryanto, Elida Ulfiana
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 1-9; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26948

Abstract:
Introduction: The decline in cognitive function that occurs in the elderly with dementia will have an impact on decreasing daily physical and social activities in the elderly resulting in decreased quality of life for the elderly. One of the interventions that can be used to maintain cognitive function in the elderly is by using virtual reality. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explain the effect of virtual reality on cognitive function in elderly people with dementia based on empirical studies in the last five years. Method: the process of searching for journals or articles using a database indexed by Scopus, ProQuest, and Science Direct using adequate keywords. The framework used for the review was PICOS and the inclusion criteria used were English-language journals with issues from 2015 to 2020. Data analysis and tabulation were carried out in articles or journals. Title, abstract, full text, and methodology are assessed to determine the eligibility of the article or journal. Results: 758's articles were identified, ten articles fit the research criteria. Virtual reality affects cognitive function where it can improve memory, attention, executive function and can increase the overall scale of the MoCA. The advantage over the use of virtual reality for the elderly with dementia is that it not only improves cognitive but also improves motor coordination, reduces behavioral and psychological symptoms, and can be used to detect cognitive impairments early. Conclusion: In carrying out cognitive rehabilitation programs in the elderly can use technology-based interventions by using virtual reality.
Cucuk Rahmadi Purwanto, Yani Erniyawati, Susilo Hariyanto, Hafna Ilmy Muhalla, Fanni Oviasanti, Endah Sri Wijayanti
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 18-24; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26179

Abstract:
Introduction: Urinary incontinence is a comorbid condition that often occurs in post TURP clients. Low urinary incontinence scores were found in post TURP clients who did Kegel exercises. The purpose of this study was to explain the effect of Kegel exercise on urinary incontinence, and quality of life in post- TURP clients. Methods: The study design was a true experiment pre-post test control group design. The sample size was 32 people who were selected by systematic random sampling, consisting of 16 people in the control group and 16 people in the group treatment. The independent variable in this study was Kegel exercise and the dependent variable was quality of life. Data were collected using a quality of life questionnaire with WHOQOL-BREF. Inferential analysis used statistical t-test (Independent t-Test and Paired t-Test), MANOVA with a significance level of α < 0.05. Results: The results showed that: Kegel exercises improve quality of life scores of the significance level p = 0.045. Conclusion: Kegel exercise can build pubococcygeus muscle mass, improve blood circulation, and improve the bulbocavernosus and ischiocavernosus muscles, thereby reducing urinary incontinence, and quality of life for post TURP clients in a wider population by increasing the reach of the study population and increasing monitoring of client exercise
Iswatun Iswatun, Endah Sri Wijayanti, Lailatul Fadliyah, Cucuk Rahmadi Purwanto, Iin Rohmawat
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 72-75; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.26519

Abstract:
Introduction: Hypertension is often a silent killer because it is often without symptoms that warn of a problem. Symptoms that appear are often considered as common disorders, so that the victim is too late to realize that the disease is coming. Hypertension is an increase in blood pressure above normal limits with systolic value of 140 mmHg and diastolic value of 90 mmHg. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of hypertension in patients with primary hypertension in Karangbinangun Lamongan District. Method: This research design using descriptive with a population of 70 respondents then sampled using simple random sampling and get a sample of 64 respondents, in accordance with the inclusion criteria, are healthy patients and willing to sign the informed consent The variable in this study is the level of hypertension. The data of this study were taken from the results of blood pressure measurements by standards WHO. The data is tabulated in the form of frequency distribution by categorizing hypertension into mild, moderate and severe. Result: The results showed that half of the respondents (50%) had mild hypertension, 28.1% moderate hypertension and 21.9% severe hypertension. Conclusion: Seeing the results of this study, that there are still many people who have hypertension, so health education by health workers and family is needed to prevent recurrence.
Erwin Kurniasih
Journal of Vocational Nursing, Volume 2, pp 76-80; doi:10.20473/jovin.v2i1.25720

Abstract:
Introduction: pregnant women with anemia are at high risk of bleeding which can cause serious complications to both the mother and the fetus. In Indonesia, maternal mortality due to bleeding due to anemia is quite high because many pregnant women disobidient to consume iron supplements. The study was to determine the relationship between the obedience behavior of pregnant women in consuming iron supplements with the incidence of pregnancy anemia in the working area of the Pitu Community Health Center, Ngawi Regency. Methods: This study used a cross sectional design and total sampling of 60 respondents. The data collection method was using a questionnaire and analyzed by using the Chi Squre test. Results: The results showed 18 respondents (30%) were at a high level of adherence with anemia condition 5 people (8.3%). Respondents with a moderate level of adherence were 34 people (56.7%) with anemia conditions 16 people (26.7%), and 8 respondents (13.3%) had a low level of compliance with anemia. The statistical test results obtained p value = 0.003 (p <0.05). Conclusion: There is a relationship between compliance behavior of pregnant women in consuming Fe supplements with the incidence of pregnancy anemia
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