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Chika Celen Okangba
Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, Volume 8, pp 840-857; doi:10.14196/sjpas.v8i3.2575

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Varkey Mathews
Published: 30 January 2019
Scientific Journal of Medical Science, Volume 8, pp 425-427; doi:10.14196/sjms.v8i1.2560

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Patrick Makokoro
Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, Volume 8, pp 833-839; doi:10.14196/sjpas.v8i1.2592

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Talat Yasari, Mohammad Reza Shahsavari
Published: 30 January 2019
Scientific Journal of Crop Science, Volume 8, pp 382-388; doi:10.14196/sjcs.v8i1.2551

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Godswill J. Udom, Omoniyi K. Yemitan, Emem E. Umoh, H. O. C. Mbagwu, Ekemini E. Ukpe, Paul S. Thomas
Published: 15 December 2018
Journal of Herbal Drugs, Volume 8, pp 219-225; doi:10.14196/jhd.2018.219

Saman Ayoubi, Zeinab Hajian, Habib Habibpour, Seyyedeh Safa Kazemi, Jafar Aghajani, Pooneh Yazdani Qadikollaee
Published: 15 December 2018
Journal of Herbal Drugs, Volume 8, pp 257-260; doi:10.14196/jhd.2018.257

Hossein Mahdavi, , Mohammad Hossein Esmaeili
Published: 15 December 2018
Journal of Herbal Drugs, Volume 8, pp 235-242; doi:10.14196/jhd.2018.235

Shehu Aishatu, Ngbara Ummi, Magaji Muhammad Garba, Yau Jamilu, Ahmed Abubakar
Published: 15 December 2018
Journal of Herbal Drugs, Volume 8, pp 227-234; doi:10.14196/jhd.2018.227

, Mohammad Mehdi Gheisari, Amin Hadipanah, Mojtaba Khorrami
Published: 15 December 2018
Journal of Herbal Drugs, Volume 8, pp 243-249; doi:10.14196/jhd.2018.243

Khadije Rezaie Keikhaie, , Mehdi Hassanshahian, Saeide Saeidi
Published: 15 December 2018
Journal of Herbal Drugs, Volume 8, pp 251-256; doi:10.14196/jhd.2018.251

Olumuyiwa Joseph Olarotimi, Oluwasegun Emmanuel Ibidiran, Imoleayo Sarah Oladeji, Francis Ayodeji Gbore
Published: 30 November 2018
Scientific Journal of Animal Science, Volume 7, pp 539-545; doi:10.14196/sjas.v7i11.2565

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Varkey Mathews
Published: 30 November 2018
Scientific Journal of Medical Science, Volume 7, pp 421-424; doi:10.14196/sjms.v7i11.2546

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Nader Roushan, , Omid Eslami
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 246-248; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.43

Abstract:
Ampullary neoplasms are one of the causes of obstructive jaundice. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is useful procedure for diagnosing and tissue sampling of ampullary neoplasms. Ampullectomy by resecting entire ampulla provides whole lesion for pathologic evaluation and also is appropriate for real pathologic staging for further management decision but ampullectomy ...
, Azam Rajabpour, Ladan Vakili
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 312-316; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.53

Abstract:
Molecular epidemiology is a subdivision of medical science and epidemiology that emphases on the involvement of potential environmental and genetic risk factors, recognized at the molecular level, to the etiology and avoidance of sickness through populations. This arena has developed from the combination of molecular biology and traditional epidemiological research. ...
, Ali Asnaashari, , Sina Mohammadi, Sara Roostaei, Mohammad Mahdi Samadian, Saiedeh Honamrmand Aliabadi,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 78-82; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.14

Abstract:
Background: ATP2B1 and STK39 have been introduced as essential hypertension candidate genes. The association of these genes’ variations have not been studied in Iranian population yet. Here we aimed to investigate the association of ATP2B1 rs2681472 and STK39 rs35929607 polymorphisms with the risk of hypertension in an Iranian population. ...
Mostafa Setak Berenjestanaki, , Afshin Gholipour Baradari, Seyed Nouraddin Mousavinasab, Rahman Ghaffari, Manijeh Darbeheshti
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 111-118; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.20

Abstract:
Background: The use of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can have an important role as one of the ways to prevent and treat atelectasis, but it seems that there is still no consensus about its beneficial level. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different levels ...
Haidar Nadrian, Towhid Babazadeh, Nadia Nadrian, Hassan Mahmoodi, Anvar Khosravi
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 124-131; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.22

Abstract:
Background: As a primary phase of a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) on the Iranian Targeted Subsidy Plan (TSP), this study was conducted to assess the psychometric properties of a newly developed quantitative Health Policy Impact Assessment Tool (HEPIAT). Methods: In 2014, multistage cluster sampling was employed to recruit 509 key informants in ...
Ali Kazemi Karyani, , Ali Akbari Sari, Sara Emamgholipour Sefiddashti
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 142-150; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.26

Abstract:
Background: Nonmarket stated preferences valuation, especially discrete choice experiments (DCEs), is one of the commonly used techniques in the health sector. The primary purpose of this approach is to help select attributes and attributes-levels that are able to properly describe health care products or services. This study aimed at developing ...
Seyed Jamaledin Tabibi, , , Mir Sajad Amiri
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 158-164; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.28

Abstract:
Background: The significance and influence of organizational culture on Information Technology acceptance, especially in healthcare field, has been recognized as a source of organizational inertia. This study aimed at developing a model of Hospital Information System (HIS) acceptance for non-teaching hospitals of Iran University of Medical Sciences to encourage the authorities to ...
Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Fatemeh Homaei-Shandiz,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 182-190; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.31

Abstract:
Background: Various treatments are used to prolong survival and improve quality of life (QOL). The purpose of this study was to assess the change in QOL scores in patients with Oesophagogastric (OG) cancer undergoing curative intent and palliative therapy. Methods: This was a mix-designed cohort study with a consecutive sampling of ...
, , Anoushe Haghighi, Naiemeh Seyedfatemi, Fatemah Hosseini
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 361-364; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.61

Abstract:
Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common autoimmune diseases. Because immunological changes can be induced by steroid hormones, it seems that oral contraceptive pills can affect the severity of the disease. In this study, we examined the effect of oral contraceptive pills on rheumatoid arthritis activity in women. This blinded randomized clinical control trial was performed in the selected rheumatology centers in Tehran, Iran, in 2011. A total of 100 women with rheumatoid arthritis were included (50 in the intervention and 50 in the control groups), and those in the intervention group took oral contraceptive pills intermittently for 8 weeks. Disease activity was measured at 1 and 9 weeks based on DAS-28, which includes the number of tender joints, number of swollen joints, ESR, and GH. Data were analyzed using SPSS-16, and significance level was set at p≤0.05. This study was registered in IRCT (number: 138904224364N1) and all interventions were done after receiving confirmation from the Ethical Committee of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Code: 250/ 6441). After administering oral contraceptive pills to the intervention group, we found significant differences between the 2 groups in disease activity and severity scores (p=0.04). Intervention group showed lower swollen joints score (p=0.02), lower joint tenderness score (p=0.02), and lower general health score (p=0.001) than the control group. According to the results of this study, oral contraceptive pills can improve rheumatoid arthritis activity and severity. As these pills are used for contraception, women with rheumatoid arthritis can benefit from both effects of these pills.
Vahid Alipour, , Majid Koosheshi, Hassan Heydari, Sara Emamgholipour Sefiddashti, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 406-410; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.70

Abstract:
Background: Considering the health economics aspect, the effect of population aging on the growth of medical expenditures is of great importance. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the growth rate of inpatient hospital expenditures (IHE) of older age groups compared to younger age groups or testing of ...
, Mohammad Mehdi Sepehri, , Mahmood Alborzi
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 365-370; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.62

Abstract:
Background: The kidneys of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) do not function well enough and those in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of CKD need hemodialysis (HD) as a common renal replacement therapy (RRT) procedure. HD requires a vascular access (VA), and arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the common VA choice in the ...
Shervan Shoaee, Pegah Khazaei, Fatemeh Mashhadiabbas, Masoud Varshosaz, Farshad Sharifi,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 334-337; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.57

Abstract:
Background: Impacted tooth is common in dental practice. Dentists usually remove them if they are associated with any pathologic sign or symptom. The challenge is whether to extract the asymptomatic tooth or not. This study was conducted to determine the association between developmental odontogenic cysts and tumors and impacted and ...
Majid Kermani, , , Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 440-445; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.76

Abstract:
Background: Air pollution is one of the main reasons for disease and emergency hospitalizations. Therefore, air pollution control and hospital preparedness are of paramount importance. This study was conducted to determine the association of air pollutant levels with the rate of hospital emergency admissions due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases ...
Azizallah Dehghan, Maryam Nasirian, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Ehsan Bahramali,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 33-36; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.7

Abstract:
Background: Verbal Autopsy Questionnaire (VA) is an important tool to estimate the cause of death among those populations lacking an appropriate death registration system. In this study, the validity and reliability of verbal autopsy were assessed. Methods: The Persian version of the questionnaire was prepared using the translation and ...
, Amirhossein Dehghani Esfahani, Alireza Azadeh
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 386-387; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.66

Abstract:
For doing systemic chemotherapy, central venous ports are used to access central veins and internal jugular vein. Installing these devices though can be with complications on the side which cause them function limits. In this text a case is presented in which after installing a complete and intact port, some malfunction was ...
Kambiz Abachizadeh, Soheila Omidnia, Ahmad Hajebi, ,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 371-376; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.63

Abstract:
Background: Positive health as a “health asset” goes beyond risk factors for diseases and produces longer and healthier life, as well as, better prognosis when illness strikes, against traditional medicine focusing on treating people in negative health to a state that is neutral or free from disease. The aim of present study ...
Rasoul Zarrin, , Alireza Mehdizadeh, , Amir Hossein Faghfouri
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 18-21; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.4

Abstract:
Background: Some genetic factors are involved in the etiology of Hashimoto thyroiditis and Graves’ disease as autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs). Effects of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms in AITDs development have already been investigated in some previous studies. However, no study has been done on the association between VDR FokI and ...
Maryam Saadat, , Hossein Negahban, Mohammad Jafar Shaterzadeh, , Masumeh Hessam
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 196-200; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.33

Abstract:
Background: Impairment of cervical sensory input in patients with neck pain may disturb postural stability. The purpose of present study was to assess the dynamic postural stability of subjects with chronic neck pain compared to a matched control group. Methods: In this case-control study, 22 chronic non-specific neck pain and ...
, Clive E. Adams, Francois Kazour, Fouad Tahan, Georges Haddad, Chadia Haddad, Souheil Hallit
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 352-360; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.60

Abstract:
Background: Violent patients constitute 10% of all psychiatric admissions. Treatment options and clinical practice interventions vary across the globe and no survey of practice in a Middle Eastern setting exists. Surveying treatments in Lebanon will show treatment interventions used in this part of the world and, most importantly, provide the treatment options that could potentially be used for clinical trials pertaining to emergency psychiatry. Methods: A survey of clinicians' opinions and practice was conducted between July and August 2017 at the largest psychiatric hospital in Lebanon. Results: Five of seven experienced psychiatrists provided opinions when interviewed of their preferred intervention when dealing with an emergency psychiatric episode. Whilst this varied in detail, there was a consistent view that there should first be verbal control, then use of medications, and finally physical restrain of the patient. A total of 39 emergency episodes (28 people) occurred in the one month (64% men in their 30s). Bipolar disorder was the most frequent single diagnosis behind the aggression (n=16, 41%; 12 people 43%) but the combined schizophrenia-like illnesses underlay 18 of the 39 episodes (46%; 13/28 people 46%). In clinical life, we found evidence of high family involvement, but little attempts made at initial verbal control in the hospital. All 39 episodes involved administration of pharmacological interventions. Medications were used in 29 of cases (74%) and non-medication interventions used in the remaining 10/39 (26%). Conclusion: This survey provides some evidence that clinicians' preferences may not fully reflect clinical practice but also that experienced clinicians are using several clearly effective techniques to manage these very difficult situations. However, as for other parts of the world, treatment in Lebanon has limited or no underpinning by evidence from well-designed, conducted and reported evaluative studies.
Mahshid Naghashpour, Rouhollah Rouhandeh, Marzieh Karbalaipour,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 37-46; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.8

Abstract:
Background: Food addiction has been defined as consuming palatable foods leading to addictive-like behaviors. Little studies have assayed food addiction in children and adolescents. Thus, we aimed at identifying the prevalence of food addiction and the relationship between food addiction, sociodemographic and anthropometric indicators among children and adolescents in southwestern ...
Ehsan Zarei, Adeleh Nikkhah,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 105-110; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.19

Abstract:
Background: Physiotherapy services constitute a principle part of health care systems, and interest in their use has increased in the recent decades. This study was conducted to investigate the utilization and OOP payment for physiotherapy services in public hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran. Methods: ...
Asma Pourhoseingholi, Ahmad Reza Baghestani, Erfan Ghasemi, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Mariet Ghazarian
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 136-141; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.24

Abstract:
Background: Use of methamphetamine (MA) and other stimulants has increased steadily over the past 10 years. Risk factor evaluation to reduce the problem in the community is one solution to protect people from addiction. This study aimed at using Bayesian zero- inflated Poisson (ZIP) model to investigate the relationship ...
Khodamorad Jamshidi, , Abolfazl Bagherifard, Mehdi Mohamadpour
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 249-253; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.44

Abstract:
Background: Giant cell tumor (GCT) of the bone is a benign neoplasm with local aggressive behavior. Distal ulna is a very rare place for GCT. Published studies have mainly focused on case reports, and thus there is no consistent treatment strategy for this tumor at this location. This retrospective study was ...
Pouran Raeesi, , Aziz Rezapour, Samad Azari, Javad Javan-Noughabi
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 205-209; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.35

Abstract:
In the recent decades, most studies have paid more attention to community expenditures in health sector and health outcomes. This study provides econometric evidence linking countries' health expenditures to 3 health outcomes: (1) infant mortality, (2) under 5 mortality and (3) life expectancy within 4 different health care systems. In this study, we used the econometric method to estimate the effect of health expenditure on health status. Panel data were collected and grouped for 25 countries according to the health care system over 15 years (2000-2015). The random effects model was selected over the fixed effects model based on the Hausman test to assess the effect of different factors on the 3 mentioned health outcomes. A significant relationship was found between health expenditures and health indicators. The effect of private health expenditures on health outcomes in countries with mixed health financing system and traditional sickness fund insurance was higher than public expenditures. Also, after comparing the results between different health care systems, we found that the effect of health expenditure on the health outcome in countries with national health system (NHS) was more than other health care systems. To improve health status, health policymakers should focus on the factors that lie inside the health care system. Therefore, since private and public health expenditures have different effects on health outcomes in each health care system, countries should choose an optimal combination of private and public health expenditures.
Sedigheh Salavati, , Sara Emamgholipour, Vida Varahrami
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 191-195; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.32

Abstract:
Background: The health insurance and family physician reform in Iran were implemented in 2005. This study was conducted to assess the effect of these reforms on avoidable hospitalizations among the rural population of Eslam-shahr County, Iran. Methods: We conducted a before-after study in Eslam-shahr County’s single existing hospital. This county ...
, Forough Nezhadisalami, Shabnam Anjidani, Saeedeh Barzin Tond
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 210-213; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.36

Abstract:
Background: Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) originates from placental trophoblast and is a highly chemosensitive and curable gynecologic malignancy. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of EMA/EP (etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin-D, etoposide, and cisplatin) regimen in the treatment of high-risk GTN as well as patients’ outcome. Methods: ...
Hojjat Rahmani, Ali Sarabi Asiabar, Somayeh Niakan, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, , Sahar Manuchehri, Ghasem Rajabi Vasokolaei
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 321-326; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.55

Abstract:
Background: Iran is located in Asian esophageal cancer belt, with age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of approximately 7 per 100,000 for both men and women. To provide potential solution recommendations for achieving accurate estimations regarding the burden of the disease in Iran, we designed a study to assess the burden of esophageal cancer ...
Fariba Fathollahi-Dehkordi,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 296-303; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.51

Abstract:
Background: Studies have shown that participation of Iranian women with family history of breast cancer in screening service is low. This investigation has evaluated the effectiveness of health models according to peer group in improving clinical breast exam (CBE) among Iranian women with a family history of breast cancer. ...
Yousef Rahmani, Sareh Mohammadi, Hossein Karim, Mahin Rezazadeh, Mehran Babanejad, Afshar Shahmohammadi, Alireza Rai
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 420-428; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.73

Abstract:
Background: Several studies in the recent decade have supported a relationship between different types of infections and CHD (Coronary Heart Disease); however, such a relationship is not definitely proven. Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common infections in human. The role of inflammation in the pathogens of CAD (Coronary Artery ...
, Alireza Ahmadvand, Gholamreza Garmaroudi
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 317-320; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.54

Abstract:
Background: Reviewing the reproductive health indicators (RHIs) provides the possibility of periodic health system performance evaluation to achieve balanced development. This study aimed to determine the trend of ten reproductive health indicators changes during 2002-2011, and examining their relationship with the Human Development Index (HDI). Methods: In this ecological study ...
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 411-413; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.71

Abstract:
Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an infectious disease of zoonotic characteristic; its etiological agent is a protozoan of Leishmania species. This infectious agent is transmitted to humans through a secondary vector, which is infected sand-fly. According to WHO report, Iraq is a country where cutaneous leishmaniasis is an emerging disease, especially, its rural ...
Behzad Damari, Kamel Shadpour, Narges Roostamigooran
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 377-380; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.64

Abstract:
Residency areas are primary social factors that directly and indirectly affect health and in synergy with other factors, changes health equity indices. Qazvin as one of the provinces in the Islamic Republic of Iran has been a pioneer in the provision of an integrated health program with intersectoral collaboration approach and ...
Ali Sarabi Asiabar,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 27-32; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.6

Abstract:
Background: Effective leadership is regarded as an important factor in organizational success. This study aimed at performing a systematic review on leadership effectiveness among hospital managers. Methods: A search was conducted in ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Web of Science, Ovid, and Scopus databases on the factors related to effectiveness of hospital managers’ leadership ...
Maryam Saboute, Ali Mazouri, Fatemeh Naimi Dehnavi, , Zahra Farahani
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 47-50; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.9

Abstract:
Background: Feeding intolerance is a common complication in preterm neonates and is responsible for prolonged hospitalization. This study aimed at assessing the effects of high-dose oral erythromycin on feeding intolerance in preterm infants. Methods: A randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled trial was performed during 2014 and 2015 (Tehran-Iran). Preterm neonates aged >14 ...
Alireza Mazdaki, Aziz Rezapour, , Touraj Harati Khaliabad, , Mahya Razi Moghadam, Behzad Raei, Mehdi Raadabadi
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 214-219; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.37

Abstract:
Background: The fair wage to specialist physicians and nurses can enhance their job motivation, quality of work, job satisfaction level, and improve the delivery of services to patients. The present study aimed to compare the proportion of changes in earnings of specialist physicians and nurses before and after implementing the ...
Faezeh Ebadi, Ahmad Ghashghaee, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mariano Martini, Razieh Sepehrian, Mozhgan Sadat Ghaemmohamadi, Sahar Sadat Saeedi Shahri, Meysam Behzadifar, Aidin Aryankhesal,
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume 32, pp 68-77; doi:10.14196/mjiri.32.13

Abstract:
Background: Low birth weight (LBW), a crucial determinant of neonatal complications, represents a major public health concern worldwide. Epidemiological research is of crucial importance for designing and implementing ad hoc interventions for this issue, helping and guiding decision- and policy-makers in each country to prevent the increased prevalence of LBW in infants ...
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