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Chief Editor Of PengabdianMu J Pengabdian Masyarakat
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2270

Abstract:
Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb. Dear reader, now PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat re-published on Volume 6 Issue 3 April 2021. This edition marks a change in publication frequency from four times to six times a year. The publication of PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat certainly participates in disseminating the results of community services in science and technology development conducted by lecturers and researchers especially from UM Palangkaraya and other universities. This edition contains 16 articles consisting of Education, Social and Political, Agriculture, and Health Science topics. Editorial boards are fully aware that there are still room for improvement in this edition, hence with all humility willing to accept constructive suggestions and feedback for improvements to the publication for the next editions. The editorial board would like to thank the University, all editors and reviewers, and contributors of the scientific articles who have provided the repetoire in this issue. We hope that all parties, especially the contributors of the articles, could re-participate for the success of the publication in the next edition on June 2021. Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.
Gatot Supangkat Samidjo, Bambang Heri Isnawan, Triyono Triyono
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 314-320; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2252

Abstract:
Cawas Village has launched a Garbage Bank in every RW in its area, one of which is RW 09 Kuncen, which has succeeded in establishing the Manunggal Sejahtera Waste Bank. The focus of this program is the development of a waste bank to become the Parent Garbage Bank, both in management and in technical implementation. The objective of this activity is the compilation of the Cawas Village Kuncen Waste Bank Master Development Plan which is in line with the Cawas Village RPJMDes regarding waste management, both inorganic and organic. The Direct Action method is applied in community service programs by increasing management capabilities through socialization activities, training, practice, study visits, and Waste Bank Master planning documents preparation. The presence of the Covid-19 pandemic diverted some community empowerment activities to community efforts in overcoming Covid-19. Community empowerment is done online. The results achieved have not been optimal due to the Covid-19 pandemic, so that several strategic activities related to the initiation of the main waste bank development have been hampered. Some of the results were achieved, the agreement to build a waste bank was continued after the pandemic, a demonstration area for the reuse of waste as a planting place, preparation and implementation of an environmental competition for waste management, and activities to prevent the spread of Covid-19 (environmental sanitation and checking body temperature at the entrance to villages and mosques). The response of partner satisfaction to program implementation is above 80%, and 100% hope that it will continue
Sukamta Sukamta, Indardi Indardi
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 298-305; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2083

Abstract:
The problems faced by coconut shell charcoal craftsmen are production capacity, product quality, and low selling prices. Low product quality is due to the absence of quality standards in the production process. This activity aims to improve the management quality and add value to charcoal products by turning them into briquettes to increase the selling price. Implementing activities is divided into two different problem areas that one partner handles: production problems and management problems (raw material management, production process management, packing, and warehousing management, shipping management, product quality assurance management, and marketing management). The output of this community service activity is that coconut shell charcoal has been produced with an increased quality than before in terms of the low water content of less than 7%. Likewise, the briquettes to those produced are of high quality. There is an increase in added value through processing shell charcoal into briquettes which have significantly increased revenue and profit.
Berthiana Berthiana
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 230-235; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1923

Abstract:
Elderly residents need to be given attention because usually, at old age, there will be many complaints/health problems due to decreased organ function. Therefore it needs various supports from various parties, especially families, in increasing the independence of the elderly in fulfilling daily activities so that the elderly can maintain their health as optimal as possible. The results showed that increased knowledge about good family support and awareness of the elderly in doing their own independent activities would improve the quality of life of the elderly in their old age. There are two evaluations carried out in this community service: pre-test and post-test evaluation. For the pre-test results of 30 participants, 45% are good, and 55% are not good after the activity process is carried out; the post-test gets 90% good and 10% less good. The conclusion from the implementation of community service participants in community service activities can understand and understand the role of the family regarding the independence of the elderly in fulfilling daily activities
Muchamad Zaenuri, Suswanta Suswanta, Muhammad Iqbal
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 280-284; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1815

Abstract:
Dukuh Sikepan Ngagrong Village is one of the villages located in Gladagsari District, Boyolali Regency, Central Java Province. Plantations and animal husbandry are the sources of livelihood for the people of Dukuh Sikepan, most of whom work as farmers and breeders. Also, the limited knowledge of residents about animal feed fermentation has made residents only provide feed with ordinary grass, which is only found in the rainy season. So that during the dry season, residents have to buy feed elsewhere at a higher cost. The not yet optimal marketing of agricultural products and development is also an obstacle for Sikepan residents. Thus, it is necessary to have a community service program that is expected to help the people of Sikepan Hamlet reduce the problems they are facing. Through the method of extension, education, and assistance to develop public knowledge to recognize and utilize agricultural knowledge about animal feed fermentation and education about post-harvest online marketing in Sikepan Hamlet, it is necessary to do it. KKN students, assisted by Field Supervisory Lecturers, carry out community service programs that interact with the community. The KKN-PPM program is beneficial for residents in carrying out livestock feed fermentation, providing technical training to enable farmers to do what they need. Besides that, with online marketing training, mothers and adolescents can sell their products smartly.
Nayang Helmayunita, Ade Elsa Betavia, Dovi Septiari, Sany Dwita
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 243-250; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1762

Abstract:
Based on interviews conducted with the Head of the Vocational High School Management and Business Vocational High School Subject Teacher Conference in West Sumatra Province, it was found that teachers need to improve their competence about the use of Computer Accounting Applications. It is known that teachers still lack competence, and teachers are still unfamiliar with how to operate various menus and functions that can be used in a spreadsheet program to complete company financial reports. Based on this condition, the teaching and learning process for subjects has been done more with the lecture method and a little practice. So that this affects the competence of SMK graduates. In fact, the guidance for the world of work requires SMK graduates to operate this application program properly. The community's activity was carried out for two days on 18 and 19 September 2020 at SMKN 2 Kota Padang. The implementation is carried out in three stages, namely material presentation, integrated training, and evaluation. At the end of the activity, it was known that there was an increase in the understanding of the participants regarding the preparation of financial statements of trading companies using Microsoft Excel with a case settlement value that could be achieved was 85.71%. Furthermore, this increase in teacher competence is expected to be transferred to students and is reflected in the value of UKK and the acceptance of graduates in the world of work.
Dewi Sekar Kencono, Atik Septi Winarsih
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 291-297; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2082

Abstract:
This paper has the aim of demonstrating the importance of environmentally friendly educational props by utilizing used goods. The implementation of teaching and learning activities at Pre-Kindergarten Kota Yogyakarta has problems with limited educational aids (APE). The existence of APE is one of the keys in carrying out the learning process. The low level of teacher creativity in making APE, in this case, becomes the anchor to provide APE for the learning process. This APE can be made by enhancing the creativity between teachers and parents of parents. During the Covid-19 pandemic, teaching and learning activities in Pre-Kindergarten were carried out in their respective homes. To support the use of APE, training on the use of used goods was conducted. Through training in the use of used goods, the aim is to utilize items around and be used as children's learning media for teachers and parents. In addition, to increase the creativity of teachers and parents. Used goods are recycled into useful items. The use of used goods reduces the increasing waste of waste. Through training on the use of used goods as educational props, it can facilitate learning methods both at home and school for early childhood and reduce waste of used goods.
Indah Tri Handayani, Bahrianoor Bahrianoor
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 217-221; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1895

Abstract:
The village of Mentaren II is productive as the center of the snack processing industry. The majority of the people use agricultural land as a livelihood to make various snacks. The management of small industries in this village has been going on for a long time; business actors have their own materials and equipment in their processing practices. Pukades is one of the leading village programs in the direction of development in the village. With this superior village product, it is hoped that it can boost job opportunities in the countryside. So that systematically, it can increase purchasing power and reduce the level of poverty in the village. The sales prospect is quite developed, as evidenced by the many results of their complaining that they are traded in suburban stalls along the Kalimantan road, even directly with buyers. However, this industry's development has faced obstacles since the Covid-19 epidemic, which requires the public not to gather together. This has an impact, especially on business actors who have been relying on conventional marketing systems. At this stage, the community service team visits the village office and meets the village head and village officials, discussing village institutions' activeness, both BUMDes, and Posyantek, in the village. The service team immediately went into the field by visiting several houses that had businesses and conducting brief interviews with the procession of managing activities and various obstacles.
, Candra Adi Intyas, Yahya Yahya
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 285-290; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1832

Abstract:
Kademangan is a shrimp paste production center in the Probolinggo municipality. The shrimp paste made from this fish processing center is of lower quality than similar products on the market. The varying size of the raw materials is a significant problem in shrimp paste production in this business hub. This activity aimed to improve the quality of the shrimp paste product by introducing and enhancing the partners' skills in using grinders and shrimp powder for rebon shrimp in making rebon shrimp paste. The method of this service activity consists of training, monitoring, and evaluation of the activities. This activity showed that the partners had received training on the production of shrimp paste and its quality and the use of grinding machines and machines for boiling shrimp meal. During the partner monitoring period, it became apparent that the partners had switched the technology from manual production of shrimp paste to machine production. The evaluation results show that the partners are familiar with grinding and grinding machines in making Rebon shrimp paste. The resulting products are of higher quality than those made before the partners used the shrimp grinding shrimp flour machines. The conclusion is that the use of grinding and flour machines for rebon shrimp by partners has increased the production capacity by three times and increased the quality of the rebon shrimp paste.
Marjan Wahyuni, Fenty Fauziah, Marwati Marwati
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 236-242; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1740

Abstract:
Samboja district in Kutai Kartanegara Regency has a fairly good economic potential: dragon fruit cultivation. Dragon fruit farmers in Samboja District, especially members of the women's farmer group in Sei Merdeka Village, face several problems. When they enter the harvest period, dragon fruit is attacked by plant pests. Dragon fruit is only a few and is supplied by middlemen who are also buyers of the dragon fruit harvest. Middlemen buy the dragon fruit at a meager price compared to market prices. On the other hand, farmers cannot sell dragon fruit themselves directly in supermarkets or in traditional markets. This PKM activity will provide training on how to plant dragon fruit, so that plant pests do not attack it to partner members of the women farmer groups and PKK women's groups. This effort can break the dependence of women farmer group members on middlemen. The PKK group of women who became partners in this activity was given knowledge and skills for further dragon fruit cultivation; the results of this cultivation were processed into various commercial food products, such as noodles, jam brownies, jelly, and syrup. The results and outputs of this PKM activity increase the knowledge and skills of members of the women farmer groups and PKK women in processing dragon fruit into various processed food products. It is also hoped that new MSMEs based on processed dragon fruit products will grow
Dulbari Dulbari, Yuriansyah Yuriansyah, Hery Sutrisno, Arief Maksum, Destieka Ahyuni, Lina Budiarti, Hidayat Saputra, Miranda Ferwita Sari
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 258-265; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1784

Abstract:
Organic agriculture was a cultivation system that applies the concept of sustainable agriculture. Organic farming systems depend on natural ingredients without using synthetic chemicals. Organic cultivation was environmentally friendly by farming activities by continuing to minimize negative impacts on the surrounding environment. This activity aims to provide knowledge and skills on the concept of sustainable agriculture, which is carried out through the application of an organic farming system at Polinela Organic Farm. Technical guidance activities are carried out at the Polinela Organic Farm, Lampung State Polytechnic, on Tuesday, March 10, 2020. Participants were the Association of ‘Sejahtera Mandiri’ Farmers Groups Rejo Asri Village, Seputuh Raman, Central Lampung. The application of environmental friendly in agricultural aspects was reflected in the management of the concept of organic agriculture carried out by Polinela Organic Farm. The concept of environmental friendly in agricultural development was implemented by taking into various aspects, such as the use of inorganic fertilizers with high efficiency, the application of pest and disease control by notice the natural ecological balance, the application of integrated crop management, the application of a clean and healthy farming system, the maintenance and strengthening of physical fertility, chemical, and biological in nature and the use of effective technology based on local wisdom.
Emil Adly
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 306-313; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2079

Abstract:
Pagersari is a hamlet located in Srumbung Magelang District, which is planned to be developed into a tourist village. To access the hamlet, a map showing the location and informative information is needed so that tourists can easily reach the location. The hamlet must have an information system containing partial administrative data. The problem often occurs the lack of administrative processing that provides complete, accurate, and easy-to-update data. This service aims to update the hamlet information system by mapping the hamlet, which contains information on population data and other attributes according to the needs based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and assisted by using ArcGIS then exported to CarryMap software. The implementation method is collecting population data from family cards, taking coordinate points, and inputting the ARCGIS software. The results obtained are that the public can find out in detail the location of the residents' houses and the population data available in the form of an online map. Therefore, the community can more easily access or update the hamlet population data through the operator. The community can also list the business opportunities they have. With an accurate digital map, it can make it easier for the outside community to find the location of tourist attractions that the village will plan as a tourism village by the potential of each hamlet.
, Rinny Ardina, Halida Suryadini
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 222-229; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1917

Abstract:
COVID-19 infection regardless of age. It can infect children, adults, and older adults. Children and older adults are high-risk groups of infection. An orphanage where many children live in one place with a high risk of transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Education about prevention of infection and the spread of COVID-19 transmission at Darul Tazkiyah orphanage Palangka Raya was needed. The implementation methods included a pre-test, education about COVID-19, post-test, and submission of calendars containing information on prevention of COVID-19, posters, betel leaf extract hand sanitizers and health protocols banners. A total of 46 orphanage children became respondents. The paired sample t-test showed that p-value (0.000) <0.05. It meant there was a difference between pre-test and post-test results, which meant there was an increasing children's knowledge about prevention of infection and the spread of COVID-19 transmission at Darul Tazkiyah Orphanage, Palangka Raya. Based on the results of the service activities carried out, it showed that providing education can increase children's knowledge about how efforts to prevent transmission of COVID-19, so it is hoped that this increased knowledge can minimize transmission of COVID-19 and help government programs to reduce positive cases of COVID-19 in Palangka Raya in particular.
Srie Rosmilawati, Mita Sari, Sirojul Rahman, Yustin Yustin, Isti Qomah
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 211-216; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1878

Abstract:
Countries in the world face a big challenge in handling the coronavirus outbreak, which is officially identified by WHO as Corona Virus Disease-19 or abbreviated as Covid-19. This pandemic, which started in the city of Wuhan, China, has caused a global shock because, in the last few decades, we have never experienced a viral outbreak with such a rapid and massive rate and transmission rate like this coronavirus, far above its cousins ​​SARS and MERS viruses as well as Ebola, which had been tormented a few years ago, but was quickly resolved. Educational action on the impact of Covid-19 is very much needed to provide understanding to the people of Panjehang Village where the education contains what Covid-19 is, its effects and dangers, and how to prevent the spread of Covid-19 and to continue the distribution of food packages.
Tiara Diah Sosialita, Reza Lidia Sari, Valina Khiarin Nisa
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 272-279; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1792

Abstract:
Based on the need analysis conducted, the problems are Bubutan subdistrict of Surabaya City has a large number of young people, but it is not balanced with productivity. In this stage, adolescents should be directed to carry out positive activities by their interests. Results of the initial assessment found that young people in Bubutan are interested in the field of entrepreneurship. Still, unfortunately, most of them did not have basic entrepreneurial knowledge and skill. The solution that is expected to be effective for those problems is an entrepreneurship education program to empower self-potential in the entrepreneurial field. In fact, the implementation of this program can be a solution to the need of young people in Bubutan, which was lack entrepreneurial education. This program was given to Posyandu Remaja with consideration that they can become initiators for other adolescents to develop productivity, quality, and self-character in the industrial era 4.0, which demands global competition.
Kadek Ayu Astiti, Andam S. Ardan, Damianus Dao Samo
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 266-271; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1787

Abstract:
This community service activity improves teacher skills in carrying out simple Mathematics and Natural Sciences practical activities. This activity is designed in the form of training through several stages, namely 1) coordinating with partner schools for implementation time, 2) providing material related to simple mathematics and science practicum, 3) Mentoring for Mathematics and Natural Sciences teachers in designing simple practicums, and 4) program evaluation. Participants in this activity were several Mathematics and Natural Sciences teachers from SMP N 1 Nekamese, SMP N 2 Nekamese, SMP N 4 Nekamese, and SMP N 5 Nekamese. In the training activities, the participants were quite enthusiastic in participating in the activities, which could be seen from the enthusiasm to participate in the activities and dynamic discussions. Based on the final test results, there was an increase in the teacher's ability before and after the training with an n-gain value in the high category.
Sartono Joko Santosa, Siswadi Siswadi, Andi Fajarwanto
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 251-257; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1772

Abstract:
Food is a basic need for humans that must be fulfilled as a basic need; food has an essential meaning and role in a nation's life. The problems faced during the Covid 19 pandemic have forced everyone to keep quiet and work from home so that everyone tries to take advantage of this free time with productive activities. One of these activities is gardening at home using household waste. To make this happen, from April to September 2020, the community service team conducted counseling and training and practices for the Amuktiwo Ngubo farmer group, Kestalan sub-district, Banjasari District, Surakarta City, Central Java. The results of the program show that the Covid 19 pandemic forces every citizen, especially partner groups, to do activities at home, which results in a lot of free time available, so gardening at home by using household waste as a planting medium is the most appropriate solution because the environment is clean and healthy. The crop yields can meet the needs of the kitchen, which results in reduced expenses. Also, if this program is implemented nationally, the goal of community food security will be achieved.
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 113-119; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.2084

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Kondisi Pandemi Covid-19 menuntut kader-kader Muhammadiyah untuk turut berpartisipasi secara kreatif dan inovatif dalam penanggulangan pandemi ini sebagai bentuk pengabdian kepada masyarakat. Secara umum evaluasi ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi keefektifan Program Relawan Muhammadiyah dalam Pemulasaran jenazah covid-19. Secara khusus, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: 1) Mengetahui analisis kebutuhan, tujuan dan sasaran pada tahapan Antecedents/context; 2) Mengetahui proses pelayanan, dukungan sarana dan prasarana, penjadwalan, dukungan stakeholder, dana, dan metode pelaksanaan dalam tahapan Transaction/Process; 3) Mengetahui hasil kegiatan/pelayanan pada tahapan output. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan model evaluasi STAKE (context, process dan outcome. Subjek penelitian berasal dari relawan Angkatan Muda Muhammadiyah di 2(dua) kabupaten yaitu Palangkaraya dan Kuala Kapuas. Teknik yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Pemeriksaan keabsahan data juga dilakukan dengan melakukan konfirmasi data kepada unsur MDMC (Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Centre). Hasil yang diperoleh dari “Evaluasi Program Relawan Angkatan Muda Muhammadiyah Pada Pemulasaran Jenazah Covid-19 Di Kalimantan Tengah” dipaparkan temuan-temuan hasil evaluasi kedalam tiga bagian model evaluasi yaitu: context, process, dan outcome. Hasil penelitian ini sebagai berikut: (1) Analisis kebutuhan dan tujuan serta sasaran program pada komponen context ada pada kategori baik sekali. (2) Implementasi aktifitas kegiatan dalam aspek process termasuk dalam kategori baik. (4) Outcome dari program ada pada kategori baik. Kesimpulan dari evaluasi ini adalah program Program Relawan Angkatan Muda Muhammadiyah Pada Pemulasaran Jenazah Covid-19 Di Kalimantan Tengah tetap dilanjutkan dengan beberapa perbaikan.
Naufal Fikhri Khairi
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 84-93; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1795

Abstract:
Perdagangan manusia telah menjadi salah satu permasalahan yang besar di Asia Tenggara. Oleh karena itu, ASEAN selaku wadah integrasi regional harus melakukan segala upaya untuk memberantas, menangani, dan mencegah perdagangan manusia. Tujuan dari paper ini yaitu untuk menjelaskan upaya-upaya yang dilakukan ASEAN untuk menangani isu human trafficking. Konsep human security dan konsep sustainable development goals (SDGs) akan digunakan untuk menggambarkan permasalahan human trafficking dan upaya-upaya ASEAN memberantasnya di Asia Tenggara. Hasil yang didapatkan yakni ASEAN telah melakukan berbagai upaya untuk memberantas human trafficking baik dari berbagai deklarasi, konvensi, dan kebijakan-kebijakan luar negeri masing-masing negara anggota ASEAN, akan tetapi masih belum mencapai hasil yang signifikan. Namun, hal ini telah menjadi bukti kepedulian ASEAN terhadap isu keamanan non-tradisional terkhusus human security dan terhadap pembangunan berkelanjutan yang tercantum dalam SDGs.
Silvia Arianti, Kukuh Wurdianto
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 56-63; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1658

Abstract:
Salah satu ritual yang ada pada suku Dayak Ngaju yaitu, nyangiang. Ritual sangiang adalah ritual pengobatan berbagai macam penyakit dengan bantuan roh leluhur (Sahur Bandar) dengan tukang sangiang sebagai mediator, ritual dilaksanakan oleh masyarakat suku Dayak Ngaju khususnya yang beragama Hindu Kaharingan. Adapun yang melatarbelakangi pelaksanaan ritual Nyangiang dalam kehidupan umat Hindu Kaharingan adalah keyakinan bahwa Raja Bunu dan keturunannya adalah manusia yang tidak kekal dan akan mendiami kehidupan sementara di Pantai Danum Kalunen. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif, peneliti merupakan instrumen utama terlibat dengan objek yang diteliti dengan memberikan penafsiran pada tahapan dan makna ritual manyangiang sebagai ritual pengobatan suku Dayak Ngaju. Cara-cara penafsiran dan pembahasannya dalam bentuk deskripsi. Prosedur pada penelitian ini, yaitu observasi, pemilihan narasumber penelitian, wawancara, rekonstruksi ritual manyangiang, pengolahan data, analisis data, penyusunan laporan akhir. Tahapan awal pada pengobatan ritual manyangiang ini diawali dengan manyandah, yaitu menerawang atau melihat sebab penyakit serta cara penyembuhannya. Sang penyangiang akan memanggil roh dan merasuki dirinya sehingga dapat melaksanakan manyandah. Setelah selesai menyandah, barulah penyangiang tau penyebab serta cara untuk menyembuhkan penyakit yang dialami oleh orang yang minta untuk disangiang. Sebab sakit dan cara penyembuhan sudah diketahui barulah disiapkan alat dan bahan untuk melakukan proses manyangiang dan ditentukan hari untuk pelaksanaan ritual, semua hari boleh kecuali hari selasa. Lama pelaksanaan ritual juga tergantung besar kecil hajat. Biasanya dua sampai tiga hari untuk waktu pelaksanaannya. Proses pelaksanaan sang penyangiang memanggil pemimpin ritual dan membacakan mantra untuk memanggil roh yang membatu mengambil penyakit yang dialami pasien.
Saiffullah Darlan, Seth Miko
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 134-140; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.2278

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hasil akhir pelatihan komputer bagi warga belajar yang di selenggarakan Taman Bacaan Masyarakat (TBM) Ransel Buku, dilaksanakan menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Informan penelitian terdiri pengelola TBM Ransel Buku, instruktur, warga belajar dan masyarakat serta alumni TBM. Analisis data dilakukan secara simultan dan terus menerus sejak dimulai hingga akhir penelitian, terdiri dari data condensation, data display dan drawing and verifying conclusions. Untuk menguji keabsahan data dilakukan triangulasi, pengamatan secara tekun, dan diskusi.Hasil penelitian bahwa pelaksanaan pelatihan komputer yang diselenggarakan TBM Ransel Buku dapat di katakan berhasil, karena semua program kegiatan pelatihan terlaksana dengan baik. Indikator lain keberhasilan pelatihan ini, para alumni warga belajar TBM Ransel Buku berdaya guna di masyarakat dan dunia kerja.
Eny Susilowati
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 76-83; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1778

Abstract:
Tanah merupakan suatu kebutuhan dari setiap warga negara saat ini. Kebutuhan akan tanah terlihat dari antusias setiap orang akan memperoleh dan mempertahankan tanah yang mereka inginkan dan mereka miliki. Tanah yang merupakan karunia dari Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, memiliki nilai yang sangat tinggi secara ekonomi, sosiologi, maupun secara derajat seseorang ditengah masyarakat. Seiring perkembangan akan kebutuhan tanah disaat ini, bersamaan dengan itu juga berkembang pula regulasi-regulasi atau aturan yang mengatur bagaimana cara memperoleh serta mempertahankan tanah tersebut. Pemerintah yang berwenang mengeluarkan segala jenis aturan tersebut merasa harus untuk mengeluarkan peraturan-peraturan tentang pertanahan, maka dibentuklah Undang-undang Pokok Agraria yaitu Undang-undang No. 5 Tahun 1960. Namun peraturan-peraturan tersebut belum sepenuhnya melindungi para pemegang hak atas tanah. Karena besarnya nilai tanah tersebut, sering menimbulkan sengketa pertanahan. Metode pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian hukum empiris, yaitu penelitian yang menitik beratkan terhadap data primer. Faktor yang menyebabkan surat tanah menjadi ganda adalah kurang telitinya panitia ajudikasi dalam mengumpulkan data fisik tanah yang dimohonkan pendaftarannya, sering mengakibatkan terjadinya overlapping (tumpang tindih) surat tanah. Selain hal tersebut kurangnya pengetahuan masyarakat tentang prosedur pembuatan surat tanah, sehingga dimanfaatkan oleh oknum perangkat desa atau pejabat badan pertanahan dengan memalsukan data – data yang di perlukan dalam rangka pendaftaran tanah. Penyelesaian sengketa yang dapat dilakukan di Badan Pertanahan Nasional (BPN) adalah memfasilitasi dalam Mediasi/Musyawarah. Badan Pertanahan Nasional berperan sebagai tempat mediasi atau tempat menyelesaikan sengketa secara kekeluargaan tanpa melewati pengadilan.
Bello Bolanle Muhinat
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 127-133; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1724

Abstract:
This research work was carried out to investigate and ascertain how scores from overloaded continuous assessment (C.A) timetable predict senior school students’ academic performance in economics in Ilorin south local government. The study adopted an ex-post-facto design, and sample senior school (SS-II) students as the target population from nine randomly selected senior schools in Ilorin south local government. A hundred and eighty-two senior school students’ 2019 C.A and examination were sampled with the use of proforma. The data collected was analyzed using the mean score and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. The findings revealed that the students’ performance in economics C.A was low as a result of the overloaded in the C.A timetable. The result indicated that there was a significant relationship between senior school students’ C.A score and their economics examination at 0.05 level of significance. Based on these findings, it is recommended that school administrators should ensure that C.A timetable is properly designed and structured in a way that will enhance the performance of students in economics C.A in Ilorin south local government
Rina Juliyanti, Nur Aizah
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 119-126; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1661

Abstract:
Bidang ekonomi, politik, sosial, budaya, hingga pendidikan kini mengalami perubahan karena pandemi Covid-19. Pandemi Covid-19 berdampak pada lulusan yang tinggal dirumah sehingga menyebabkan meluapnya angka pengangguran. Kebanyakan orang hanya menyorot pada sisi negatif pandemi, padahal kita juga berinovasi memanfaatkan peluang dari adanya pandemi Covid-19 untuk hal yang bermanfaat. Motivasi pemilihan karir bertujuan membantu siswa memilih karir melalui bimbingan karir. Bimbingan Karir dimaksudkan untuk membantu siswa agar kenal dan paham akan dirinya, mengenal dunia kerja, serta dapat merancang masa depan yang sesuai dengan bentuk kehidupan yang diharapkan, dapat bertanggungjawab atas keputusan yang diambil secara tepat, sehingga menciptakan pribadi yang bermakna. Dalam penelitian ini menerapkan program bimbingan karir pada delapan remaja lulusan SMA di desa Wlahar. Metode yangdigunakan yaitu dengan diadakan Workshop “Motivasi Pilihan Karir Bagi Remaja Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Di Desa Wlahar ” dengan teknik swakelola. Keberlanjutan kegiatan ini yaitu dengan mengadakan sesi konseling kelompok kepada para lulusan yang terkait dengan perencanaan karir. Hasil para remaja mau mencoba memulai karir dengan berwirausaha bisnis online.
Lilik Kholisotin, Lailatul Fithriyah Azzakiyah
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 94-101; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1896

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan mencegah LGBT pada generasi millenial melalui pendidikan karakter berlandaskan nilai-nilai Kemuhammadiyahan. Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode pre-eksperimen. Jenis metode eksprimen dalam penelitian ini adalah pre-eksperimental design dengan menggunakan one group pre-test dan post-test design. Berdasarkan hasil analisis statistik menggunakan paired samples test, diperoleh hasil pretest 57.43 dan meningkat pada hasil posttest menjadi 119.04. Berdasarkan hasil uji paired samples test dapat dikatakan bahwa mitigasi pencegahan disorientasi seksual melalui pendidikan karakter berlandaskan nilai-nilai Kemuhammadiyahan pada generasi millenial efektif mencegah perilaku LGBT.
Sumiatie Sumiatie
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 64-75; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1669

Abstract:
Kalimantan Tengah yang didiami oleh berbagai suku, seperti suku Dayak ngaju Ma'anyan, Lawangan, Dusun dan sebagainya yang mempunyai keanekaragaman adat istiadat, tradisi dan budaya yang merupakan cerminan dari kekayaan daerah Kalimantan Tengah. Adapun suku yang dibicarakaan dalam penelitian ini adalah suku Dayak Katingan, Kebanyakan dari suku ini mendiami sungai Katingan (Mandawai) dan sebagian besar masih memeluk agama Kaharingan, dengan salah satu tradisinya yaitu Upacara Adat Tradisional Manajah Antang. Upacara tradisional ini merupakan upacara yang sifatnya turun temurun dengan mengundang antang tajahan. Menurut kepercayaan Dayak Katingan, antang tajahan berbeda dengan burung antang biasa, dimana antang tajahan tersebut memiliki kesaktian yang dapat memberi petunjuk atau pertanda dan pertolongan kepada manusia. Tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mendriskripsikan makna Ritual Manajah Antang bagi kehidupan masyarakat Dayak Katingan di Kasongan Kabupaten Katingan. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriftif dalam bentuk kualitatif dengan Teknik pengumpulan data berupa observasi partisipasi atau pengamatan terlibat serta komunikasi langsung dalam bentuk wawancara. Berdasarkan hasil analisa dan interprestasi bahwa tujuan penyelenggaraan Upacara Adat tradisional Manajah Antang di anggap mengandung makna untuk membantu mengatasi kesulitan masyarakat, dapat menimbulkan rasa aman, bisa memberikan petunjuk , dapat membawa keselamatan bagi yang melakukan perjalanan jauh sehingga sampai ketujuan, dapat meningkatkan kehidupan sosial masyarakat, serta dapat memberikan penghidupan yang lebih layak dalam membuka lahan bagi masyarakat.
Muhammad Noor Fitriyanto, Chandra Anugrah Putra
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 50-55; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1654

Abstract:
Tujuan penulisan ini adalah mengungkap bagaimana Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah merespon perkembangan teknologi informasi dan revolusi industri 4.0. Tulisan ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pengumpulan data melalui kajian literatur yang bersumber dari jurnal dan dokumen terkait permasalahan penelitian. Teknik analisis data menggunakan metode induktif, yakni metode yang menggunakan alur berpikir dengan penarikan kesimpulan berdasarkan data-data yang bersifat khusus. Kesimpulan dari permasalahan tersebut adalah pertama dalam merespon perkembangan teknologi informasi perlu menerapkan pendekatan pembelajaran interdisiplin Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) melalui sekolah-sekolah dan perguruan tinggi Muhammadiyah agar tercipta kader dan lulusan yang mampu bersaing dalam perkembangan teknologi informasi. Kedua, pemberdayaan masyarakat yang dilakukan Muhammadiyah berorientasi terhadap Revolusi Industri 4.0 sehingga luaran dari revolusi ini akan mendatangkan keuntungan dan kesejahteraan bagi warga Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah serta rakyat Indonesia secara luas.
Arifah Mir'Atul Kusnah, Muhammad Riban Satia, Muhammad Nur Tanja Putra
Pencerah Publik, Volume 8, pp 38-49; doi:10.33084/pencerah.v8i1.2265

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the Community Perceptions in the City without Slums Program (KotaKu) in the Pahandut Urban Area Palangkaraya City. The method used is qualitative. The researcher wants to describe the Community Perception in the City without Slums Program (KotaKu) in the Pahandut Urban Area of ​​Palangka Raya City by using 5 (five) performance indicators, namely Stimulation, Organization, Interpretation-evaluation, Memory, and Recall. The data source consisted of primary data, namely the results of interviews with 2 officials of the City Coordinator of the City of My City and the Acting Housing and Settlement Areas and 5 community members who received the KotaKu Program in the Pahandut Kelurahan, while the secondary data source was the SK Palangka Raya Mayor Document Number 188.45 / 130/2016 and Pahandut Village basline data. The results showed that the Community Perception in the City without Slums Program (KotaKu) in the Pahandut Kelurahan of Palangka Raya City that the facilities provided to the community could not be used optimally in accordance with their functions and lack of public awareness that the slum was a problem they had to solve itself, the government is only a tool to help provide the facilities they need for these problems. Cause this program is less than optimal even though the government has done its job well, because the impelamator of this program is the community itself. The program will be said to be successful if the facilities built can be used by the community. Suggestions from researchers provide regular outreach to the community, with the aim to change the community mindset that is the main problem of this program. Not only socialization, the government should continue to evaluate and remind that this function continues to work by the Working Group.
Rooswandy Juniawan
Pencerah Publik, Volume 8, pp 30-37; doi:10.33084/pencerah.v8i1.2262

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze the implementation and identify the inhibitory factors of the Implementation of the Procurement of Goods /Services Electonic (e-procurement) in the National Road Implementation Task Force of Central Kalimantan Province. The desired target in the study, the researchers gave a limitation of the problem the implementation of electronic tenders for construction workers (roads/bridges) in the National Road Implementation Task Force of Central Kalimantan Province. The research approach in this study is a type of qualitative descriptive that aims to describe the complexity and dynamic in the procurement of electronic goods/services. Data collection was conducted through observations, interviews, and documentation. The interviewees were the head of the task force, the commitment-making officer, the task force assistant, the treasurer, and other employees related to the electoral auction in the Central Kalimantan Province National Road Implementing Task Force. The results of the study show the conclusion that the implementation of procurement of goods /services electronically in the national road implementation taskforce of Central Kalimantan Province has been carried out for the last few years. All stages of the auction are electonic through a long process of 14 stages that all transparent using a system that can be accessed for the public. However, the factor of inhibiting the implementation of electronic procurement of goods /services (e-procurement) in the national road implementation taskforce of Central Kalimantan Province is 1) HR, namely the lack of expertise in running the application of Electronic Procurement System (SPSE) as well as the lack of employees who have a Certificate of Procurement of Service Goods which is an absolute requirement to become Pokja Election / Procurement Officer. 2) Technology, internet network capacity that causes internet access speed to be slow.
Lisawanto Lisawanto
Restorica: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Negara dan Ilmu Komunikasi, Volume 7, pp 14-23; doi:10.33084/restorica.v7i1.2210

Abstract:
This research was conducted in order to describe the performance of the employees of the Regional Secretariat of the South Barito Regency government officials, to the performance of employees in the government division in carrying out their duties and coordination in determining and affirming village boundaries in the South Barito district. This study aims to determine the effect of work discipline on employee performance in the government division of the South Barito regency. The theory used in this research is Work Discipline according to Bejo Siswanto (2019: 333) and employee performance theory according to Ags Dwiyanto (2017: 47). This research uses descriptive quantitative method with data collection techniques using observation, interviews, documentation, and questionnaires. This researcher has two variables, namely the independent variable (x) Work Discipline and the dependent variable (y) the performance of the government employees of the Regional Secretariat of the South Barito Regency. The data analysis tool used is Simple Linear Regression using SPSS Version 25. The hypothesis in this study is. It is suspected that there is an influence of work discipline on the employee performance of the Regional Secretariat of Barito Regency. The results obtained in the calculation of simple linear regression are Y = 11.470 + 0.745 X where the value (a) is 11.470 and the coefficient value (b) is 0.745. Then the tcount is obtained from the above test that tcount> ttable (9.197> 2.021) then Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted, meaning that there is a significant influence between Work Discipline on Employee Performance at the Regional Secretariat of South Barito Regency.
Muhamad Katma F.Dirun, Sulmin Gumiri, Danes Jaya Negara
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 22-28; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.2116

Abstract:
Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah memiliki karakteristik Pulau Kalimantan pada umumnya yang dipenuhi wilayah hutan, rawa-rawa, hingga lahan gambut yang luas. Selain itu juga dilalui banyak sungai-sungai yang melewati berbagai wilayah daratan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah dengah Sungai Barito sebagai sungai yang terpanjang hingga mencapai 950 Km, disusul sungai Katingan dengan panjang 650 Km, sungai Kapuas 625 Km dan Sungai Kahayan sepanjang 600 Km. Mereka hidup dari bercocok tanam, berkebun, berburu dan memanfaatkan hasil hutan non kayu dari sekitar areal tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari tentang Persepsi masyarakat tersebut diatas terhadap pencemaran kualitas air, terutama dalam melindungi Sungai Kahayan sebagai sumber air bersih. Metode penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan Penelitian deskriptis analitis, dimana peneliti mengidentifikasi persoalan dengan melakukan studi awal setelah peneliti mengumpulkan data primer dan data sekunder dengan cara mengolah data yang berasal dari kuesioner yang disebarkan kepada responden selanjutnya data diproses dan dianalisis. Lokasi penelitian ini berada di Bantaran Sungai Kahayan dan Rungan, meliputi Desa Bawan, Tumbang Rungan, dan Kota Palangka Raya. Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah, Teknik sampling menggunakan purposive sampling technique dengan jumlah sampel adalah 100 responden.
Ardiyansyah Purnama, Ise Afitah
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 43-49; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.2162

Abstract:
ARDIYANSYAH PURNAMA dan ISE AFITAH. Motovasi Masyarakat Terhadap Pengelolaan KHDTK Mungku Baru, Palangka Raya. Dosen Program Studi Kehutanan Fakultas Pertanian dan Kehutanan Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya Kawasan Hutan dengan Tujuan Khusus (KHDTK) Mungku Baru merupakan kawasan hutan yang berada di wilayah kota Palangka Raya. KHDTK ini difungsikan sebagai kawasan yang memberi nilai ekonomi dan ekologi yang sangat tinggi untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup masyarakat dari nilai ekonomi kawasan sebagai daerah penghasil ikan, damar, getah karet, dan hasil hutan bukan kayu lainnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui motivasi masyarakat dalam kegiatan pengelolaan KHDTK Mungku Baru. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui tingkat motivasi masyarakat Mungku Baru terhadap kegiatan pengelolaan KHDTK Mungku Baru termasuk kategori rendah dengan skor rata-rata 18.56. Faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap motivasi masyarakat yaitu jumlah keluarga, pendidikan, pekerjaan dan penyuluhan.
Wahidah Wahidah, Bulkani Bulkani
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 29-42; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.2151

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui (1). Reliabilitas instrumen supervisi daring yang digunakan kepala sekolah untuk mengukur kinerja guru (2). Kinerja guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran daring, (3). Korelasi usia dan masa kerja dengan kinerja guru dalam pembelajaran daring (4). Perbedaan kinerja guru dalam pembelajaran daring jika ditinjau dari jenis kelamin, pangkat-golongan, dan jenjang pendidikan. Penelitian menggunakan metode korelasional dan komparatif, dengan sampel sebanyak 47 orang guru SMPN-6 Palangka Raya. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi luring dan daring. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis korelasi, uji-t, dan analisis variansi satu jalur. Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan (1). Instrumen supervisi daring yang digunakan kepala sekolah merupakan instrumen yang reliabel karena hasil pengukurannya berkorelasi positif dan signifikans sebesar 0,71 dengan hasil supervisi luring sebelum pandemi. (2). Kinerja guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran daring berada pada kategori baik dan sangat baik, (3). Usia dan masa kerja guru tidak berkorelasi dengan kinerja guru dalam pembelajaran daring. (4). Jenjang pendidikan dan pangkat guru, merupakan faktor yang menyebabkan perbedaan kinerja guru dalam pembelajaran daring, sedangkan faktor jenis kelamin, bukan merupakan faktor yang menyebabkan perbedaan kinerja guru. Implikasi penelitian ini adalah perlunya perumusan kebijakan pembinaan guru berdasarkan pangkat dan jenjang pendidikan, sehingga kinerja guru dalam pembelajaran daring dapat ditingkatkan.
Yos A. Tangkasiang, Kristanto.V. Baddak
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 11-21; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1841

Abstract:
Kegiatan konservasi dapat berjalan dengan baik jika mampu mengakomodasikan kepentingan ekonomi masyarakat setempat, salah satunya melalui kegiatan ekowisata. Penelitian ini akan melakukan pengukuran tentang seberapa besar potensi serta peluang Hutan Desa Tangkahen di Kecamatan Banama Tingang Kabupaten Pulang Pisau. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survei dan parameter pengukuran potensi yang digunakan adalah akses, daya dukung/sumber daya, fasilitas pendukung, interaksi sosial serta tingkat pengetahuan/ketrampilan masyarakat. Sampel dipilih dari semua pengunjung yang dapat ditemukan selama periode September – Oktober 2020. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Hutan Desa Tangkahen (HDT) mempunyai daya tampung 134 orang per hari dan dapat bertambah jika fasilitas jalur penjelajahan di tambah sementara penilaian potensi HDT termasuk kategori sedang dengan nilai 62.581.
Boby Segah
Pencerah Publik, Volume 8, pp 18-29; doi:10.33084/pencerah.v8i1.2261

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the role of the community in monitoring the use of village funds. Considering that the village carries out self-government, the village administration consists of a village government which includes the village head and village officials. The phenomenon of using village funds has occurred since the distribution of funds to villages through the fantastic APBN, so there is a need for monitoring in the use of village funds. In this study, the research method used was literature study method. The literature study used is a method used to collect data or sources related to the topics raised in this paper. The literature studies obtained were sourced from various kinds such as regulations/laws, journals, books and other documentation. The results showed that the role of the community in monitoring the use of village funds was still not optimal. This is reflected in the lack of supervision from the community. This is due to the fact that public complaint channels are not well managed by all regions and the scope of evaluation and supervision by the Camat is not optimal. There is no institutional mechanism for transparency and accountability of village funds to the community.
Harlina Kurniaty
Pencerah Publik, Volume 8, pp 1-17; doi:10.33084/pencerah.v8i1.2227

Abstract:
Work discipline is an important aspect in generating employee performance which will create a conducive work climate so that it can synergize with increasing employee morale or enthusiasm to achieve a goal. This study aims to see the effect of work influence on employee performance at the Manpower and Transmigration Office of South Barito Regency in 2021. In this study, the author of quantitative quantitative research. The data used are primary and secondary data collected through, observation, interviews, documentation and questionnaires. The sample used as the object of research was 30 people. This study has two variables, namely the independent (X) Work Discipline and the dependent variable (Y) Employee Performance in the job training and workforce placement sections. The results obtained in the calculation of simple linear regression are Y = 18,628 + 0.553 x where the value (a) is 18,628; and the coefficient value (b) is 0.553. Then the results of tcount> are obtained from the test that tcount> ttable (3.374 ≥ t table 2.051) then Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted, meaning that there is an effect of work discipline on employee performance at the Manpower and Transmigration Office of South Barito Regency in 2021. Based on the conclusion, it can be seen that the effect of work discipline on employee performance in the job training section and placement of workers at the Manpower and Transmigration Office of South Barito Regency in 2021 is important because it can improve employee performance in carrying out their duties according to des jobs.
Deni Triyanto, Heru Purnawan, Boni Saputra
Restorica: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Negara dan Ilmu Komunikasi, Volume 7, pp 1-6; doi:10.33084/restorica.v7i1.1922

Abstract:
Penerapan prinsip good governance dalam pelayanan publik pada bidang kesehatan dapat terwujud apabila pelayanan di Puskesmas Betungan dilaksanakan secara transparan, responsif, efektif dan efisien waktu. (Dwiyanto, 2015) Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan penerapan prinsip good governance dalam pelayanan publik di Puskesmas Betungan Kota Bengkulu, dengan menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif, informan dalam penelitian ini adalah petugas pelayanan, bidan, perawat dan komunitas. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa penerapan good governance dalam pelayanan publik di Puskesmas Betungan Kota Bengkulu sudah cukup maksimal, terlihat prinsip transparansi, responsivitas, prinsip efektifitas dan efisiensi dalam pelayanan kesehatan di Betungan. Puskesmas telah dilaksanakan cukup optimal seperti ketersediaan papan informasi pelayanan, ketersediaan standar pelayanan minimalis, dan adanya monitoring dan evaluasi yang dilakukan oleh Puskesmas untuk meningkatkan pelayanan kesehatan, yang menjadi permasalahan adalah masyarakat pengguna jasa belum mampu mengakses informasi secara luas (berbasis elektronik), belum tersedianya layanan pengaduan online, tidak tersedianya kotak saran dan layanan yang dirasa masyarakat belum mendapatkan pelayanan prima.
Erinaldi Erinaldi
Restorica: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Negara dan Ilmu Komunikasi, Volume 7, pp 7-13; doi:10.33084/restorica.v7i1.2174

Abstract:
The main role of the government towards the people is to provide services in order to meet the needs desired by the community. Likewise, Dumai Timur District office is demanded to provide quality services for the community. To meet these needs requires good and skilled employee performance in supporting the acceleration of service. In its implementation, there are still complaints from some people about convoluted procedures, the absence of certainty in-service time, and less responsive officers. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that affect service performance at Dumai Timur District office. The theory used in this research is the theory (Ratminto & Winarsih, 2013)which states there are (13) factors that influence service performance, namely service strategies, client-oriented officers/officers, client-oriented service systems, management commitment, formulation of organizational goals, standardization of tasks, team cohesiveness, person-job suitability, technology-job suitability, control reality, role clarity, role conflict, management level. Respondents in the study were all 29 employees with the census sampling technique. Data analysis used descriptive statistics with the Rating Scale measurement scale. The results of the study in the factors that affect the performance of services at Dumai Timur District office are categorized as quite good, with an average of 2236 (65.90%).
Endang Sri Suyati, Hendri Hendri, Achmad Zainul Rozikin, Gusti Iqbal Tawaqal
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 206-210; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i2.1873

Abstract:
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a horrendous deadly virus at the end of 2019 and early 2020. This virus attacks all ages and groups indiscriminately, such as adolescents, parents, young children, students, business people, institutions, etc. COVID-19 physically attacks a person and attacks the economy of a person, company, and country. A person who lacks skills will have difficulty surviving this pandemic. So it is necessary to hold training from various agencies, such as the government and universities. The Community Service Team of Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya held training for students of SMKN 3 Palangkaraya majoring in Fashion Design. This training guides students in producing masks that are environmentally friendly and how to market them effectively and efficiently. Since teaching and learning activities have been disrupted since the arrival of COVID-19, training in producing masks and distributing materials on environmentally friendly literacy, marketing, and learning has been carried out online using the Zoom application. The tutorial was demonstrated by professional tailors and recorded directly by the team, then distributed to SMKN 3 Palangkaraya. The student produces masks with a guide or guidance, according to the video. After finishing production, they get material contains reasons for using splash cloth, protecting the environment, and market the product effectively and efficiently.
Uswatun Chasanah, Dyah Rahmasari
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 146-148; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i2.1601

Abstract:
Goat's milk is rich in nutrients, especially vitamin A and lactic acid which are very beneficial for skin health, so it is suitable for liquid bath soap ingredients. However, well-known manufacturing takes a long time to make. Implemented training to producers of fresh goat's milk is formulating liquid soap made from fresh goat's milk that a simple method and quickly. The result of this activity is an increase in the knowledge and skills of participants so that they can enrich the variety of products based on fresh goat milk. It is hoped that with the increasing variety of goat milk products that they offer, there will be an increase in the economy of participants.
, Rosnita Rosnita, Deby Kurnia, Yulia Andriani, Fanny Septya
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 164-169; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i2.1677

Abstract:
A website is a whole web page that contains enormous information contained in a domain. Information on the web is presented on a web page which is formed from a collection of text, graphics, images, sound, and video. The purpose of making a website is to facilitate an agency, organization, and so on in containing information that can be accessed by the public at large. With the development of information technology, Indragiri Hulu District, in general, Bukit Lingkar Village, can access and find out the expected information about the village. Therefore we tried to design a Village Administration Website which later on the website will contain information about the Village and Village information in Bukit Lingkar Village and provide community training on how to use the website. In the process of creating and training this website, there are several activities carried out such as training on creating websites for Kukerta students, training for village government administrators in managing the website to launching the website. This activity starts with a vulnerable time from July to August 2020.
, Risqika Yuliatantri Paramawidhita,
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 119-125; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i2.1862

Abstract:
Market traders are the people most at risk of being infected with Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Transaction activities in the market between sellers and buyers are high, so awareness is very important to implement the COVID-19 preventive health protocol recommended by the government. The target of this activity is traders in the Pasar Besar City of Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan. The purpose of this activity is to increase knowledge and awareness in implementing health protocols in the market in order to accelerate the prevention of handling COVID-19. The method of this activity is by conducting surveys through questionnaires, providing education and training/demonstrations in implementing health protocols in the market, and distributing leaflets, masks, and hand sanitizers. This community service activity focuses on education, socialization, and training/demonstration of the application of health protocols in the market for 72 traders in the market, which includes: (1) wearing masks; (2) perform hand hygiene; (3) avoiding touching the face area, (4) applying proper etiquette coughing or sneezing; and (5) maintaining a distance (at least 1 meter) from other buyers/traders.
, Rospala Hanisah Yukti Sari, Candra Kurniawan, M Ziaurrahman, Norcahyono Norcahyono
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 134-139; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i2.1866

Abstract:
The 2019 coronavirus pandemic (Covid-19) had a broad influence on the economy in Indonesia. One of them was a little entrepreneur. Government regulation to maintain distance and decrease public places and characters from the swift spread of coronavirus caused many stores or businesses to close or greatly decrease the number of buyers or even no buyers. This condition certainly negatively affected little entrepreneurs, which could cause a decrease in immunity. One of the efforts to overcome was through giving Al Qur’an counseling and activity practice in daily life where was expected more increase the strength of the entrepreneur’s spirit and could face life in covid-19 and next.
Chief Editor Of PengabdianMu J Pengabdian Masyarakat
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i2.2161

Abstract:
Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb. Dear reader, now PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat re-published on Volume 6 Issue 2 February 2021. This edition marks a change in publication frequency from four times to six times a year. The publication of PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat certainly participates in disseminating the results of community services in science and technology development conducted by lecturers and researchers especially from UM Palangkaraya and other universities. This edition contains 16 articles consisting of Education, Social and Political, Agriculture, and Health Science topics. Editorial boards are fully aware that there are still room for improvement in this edition, hence with all humility willing to accept constructive suggestions and feedback for improvements to the publication for the next editions. The editorial board would like to thank the University, all editors and reviewers, and contributors of the scientific articles who have provided the repetoire in this issue. We hope that all parties, especially the contributors of the articles, could re-participate for the success of the publication in the next edition on April 2021. Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.
Ninda Sari Wahyuningtyas, , Satibi Satibi
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 68-77; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i1.1579

Abstract:
The number of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Indonesia increases every year. Control of the development of T2DM can be done by screening using Finnish Diabetic Risk Score (FINDRISC)-Indonesian. FINDRISC is a valid tool for estimating the risk of T2DM within the next 10 years. This condition can have a major impact on the estimated life span and quality of life in the future. The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between FINDRISC-Indonesian and respondent characteristics with HRQoL from EuroQol-5 Dimension-5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) in Yogyakarta. We conducted a cross-sectional study consisting of 125 respondents who met the inclusion criteria. The risk of developing T2DM was assessed using a validated and widely used FINDRISC (range 0-26 points), and quality of life was measured by the EQ-5D-5L instrument. Overall data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation test and Independent t-test. The results showed the domain of pain was the domain that reported most respondents' most problems (28.8%). The respondent's utility value was 0.958 ± 0.69, and the VAS value was 79.4 ± 0.7. There was a significant difference in utility value based on age characteristics (p = 0.013). There is a relationship between age and utility value (p = 0.006) and FINDRISC score with utility value (p = 0.003). This study's conclusion was high FINDRISC affects the quality of life, and older age has a low quality of life.
, Wahyu Margi Sidoretno, Nur Aisah
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 36-42; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i1.1578

Abstract:
Turmeric (Curcuma domestica) has nutritious compounds called curcuminoids, which can be used as antioxidants. As an antioxidant, C. domestica extract can be used to ward off free radicals that damage collagen and elastin, a protein that keeps skin moist. This study aimed to determine the antioxidant activity of serum combined with the addition of collagen using the DPPH method. The DPPH was made at a concentration of 80 μg/mL, and the absorption was read at a wavelength of 520 nm using a microplate rider. The study was conducted by making six formulations, namely F0, F1, F2, F3, F4, and F5 obtained the results of serum made from C. domestica extract that can inhibit free radicals and meet the physical evaluation test requirements of serum. Furthermore, the formula is made using only one active ingredient and only collagen to determine the antioxidant activity influenced by the extract or collagen. The results obtained indicate that collagen has a supporting role in adding antioxidant activity apart from the extract used. The highest % inhibition value at F5 with 90.526% can be said to ward off free radicals.
, Selfyana Austin Tee, Karmilah Karmilah, , , Agung Wibawa Mahatva Yodha
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 6-15; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i1.1686

Abstract:
Meistera chinensis is one of the new generations of the Zingiberaceae family. Zingiberaceae have a large number of species and still need research to reveal their chemical content. Meistera chinensis, a local plant that is widespread in Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi. Empirically, M. chinensis is used as a flavor enhancer in food, aches, and increases body immunity. There are no reports of chemical content or its biological activity. In this study, the fruit was tested for phytochemicals, antioxidants using the ABTS test, total phenolic, total flavonoid content, and toxicity test with BSLT. Meistera chinensis was extracted with ethanol and fractionated by ethyl acetate solvent use vacuum liquid chromatography. Phytochemical screening was carried out qualitatively by using the calorimetric method. The fraction toxicity was monitored by a lethal test for brine shrimp (BSLT). These fractions for the ABTS method obtained fractions 1-8 (F1-F8) and ascorbic acid were used as controls. The results showed radical scavenging activities fraction of M. chinensis fruit was a very strong activity with IC50 of 42.7±3.53 mg/L (F8). The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were 30.72±1.07 mgGAE/g and 8.02±0.48 mgQE/g, respectively. The phytochemical evaluation contains terpenoids, saponins, phenolics, steroids, alkaloids, and flavonoids. The BSLT toxicity test was found to be very toxic with IC50 of 5.20±0.72 mg/L. These findings indicate that the fruit of M. chinensis acts as an antioxidant and toxicity agent.
Chief Editor Of Borneo J Pharm
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i1.2144

Abstract:
Alhamdulillahirabbil ‘Alamin. The next edition of the Borneo Journal of Pharmacy (Borneo J Pharm), has been published in February 2021. Starting from this edition, Borneo J Pharm increases the frequency of publishing four times a year. This change aims to improve the circulation of the best articles published by Borneo J Pharm. Also, starting from this edition, Borneo J Pharm applying the publish-as-you-go issue to present the title of the article that has been received as early as possible in order to increase the chances of readability and quotation of articles in Borneo J Pharm. This edition includes writings from four countries including Indonesia, India, Malaysia, and Nigeria. The authors come from several institutions, including Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Sarawak, Politeknik Bina Husada Kendari, Universitas Halu Oleo, Akademi Farmasi Surabaya, Universitas Hang Tuah, Universitas Mandala Waluya, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Universitas Abdurrab, Federal University of Technology Minna, Humera Khan College of Pharmacy, University of Abuja, and Universitas Ahmad Dahlan. Editorial boards are fully aware that there is still room for improvement in this edition, hence with all humility willing to accept constructive suggestions and feedback for improvements to the publication for the next editions. The editorial board would like to thank all editors and reviewers, and contributors of the scientific articles who have provided the repertoire in this issue. We hope that all parties, especially the contributors of the articles, could re-participate for publication in the next edition in May 2021.
Dyah Rahmasari, Aulia Juwanti, Ima Pratiwi, Novia Zulfa Diana, Raditya Weka Nugraheni, Dita Nurlita Rakhma
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 22-28; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i1.1675

Abstract:
Melanin is a pigment contains in human skin which role as a UV-absorbing agent. One of the exogenous melanins can be obtained from squid (Loligo sp.) ink. Squid ink melanin has potent free radical protection activities. This study aimed to determine the physicochemical, stability, antioxidant, and UV protection activities of squid ink powder lotions. Squid ink powders were obtained from the drying process using HCl 0.5M and stored in the climatic chamber. Antioxidant activity was conducted quantitatively using the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil) scavenging method. The best result of the DPPH scavenging activity was 29.12±0.023%, shown from formula III. UV protection activity was conducted by observing erythema scores in animal skin, which exposure to UV. This preparation inhibits the effect of UV exposure. Squid ink powder lotions are potential as a sunscreen product.
La Ode Muhammad Andi Zulbayu, , Rumiyati Rumiyati
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 29-35; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i1.1665

Abstract:
The grapefruit (Citrus maxima L.) is a plant known by the public as a fruit consumed with various properties. This plant's use is well known, such as antioxidants, enhancing immunity, anti-aging, and antibacterial properties. This study aimed to identify and analyze the chemical compounds contained in C. maxima rind. The extract was obtained by the maceration method using ethanol and ethyl acetate as solvents. The fractionation process was carried out by Column Chromatography. Observation of thin-layer chromatography profiles with UV lamps 254 and 366 nm. Analysis of chemical compound components using GC-MS and data interpretation based on the Wiley 7.0 data library. The interpretation results of the EF1 fraction are β-copaen-4-α-ol; pentadecanoic acid; hexadecanoic acid; tetradecanoic acid; dotriacontane; osthol; 2H-1-benzopyran-2-one, 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-oxobutyl); furfural; 6-(2,3-Dihydroxy-3-methylbutyl)-7-methoxycoumarin; and 6-(iodomethyl)-5-methyl-4-oxahexanolide. The chemical compounds identified in EAF2 are 1-octadecanol; decane; tetracosane; hexacosane; and 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid (2-ethylhexyl) ester. It can be concluded that these compounds have biological and pharmacological activities.
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