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Sukarman Sukarman
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3940

Abstract:
Abstrak Tulisan ini dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya pergeseran paradigma pembelajaran berbasis luring pada pembelajaran berbasis daring di masa pandemic Covid-19. Hal tersebut merupakan dampak dari adanya upaya pencegahan dan memutus rantai penyebaran wabah Covid-19 dengan melakukan pembatasan sosial yang berdampak pada banyak aspek kehidupan termasuk pendidikan. Tujuan dari penelitian penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa bagaimana problematika, kelebihan, kekurangan, dan kendala dari pelaksanaan pembelajaran berbasis daring di masa pandemic Covid-19 di MI Miftahul Huda Jepara. Temuan dari penelitian ini adalah pembelajaran berbasis daring sangat membantu proses belajar mengajar di masa pandemic Covid-19. Namun pembelajaran berbasis daring juga memunculkan persoalan baru yang kompleks bagi guru, orang tua, dan peserta didik. Kata kunci: pembelajaran daring, pusat pendidikan, Covid-19 Abstract Background of this paper is changes on paradigm offline-based learning to online-based learning during pandemic Covid-19. This is the impact of efforts to prevent and cut off the chain of Covid-19 spread by carrying social distancing that have an impact on many aspects in life including education. The purpose of this research study is to analyze how the problems, strengths, weaknesses, and constraints of implementing online-based learning during pandemic Covid-19 at MI Miftahul Huda Jepara. The findings of this study are that online-based learning has greatly helped the teaching and learning process during pandemic Covid-19. However, online-based learning also raises new, complex problems for teachers, parents, and students. Keywords: online learning, education center, Covid-19
NiMas Puspitasari
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3943

Abstract:
Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis proses pembelajaran dalam jaringan (daring) dengan melihat faktor-faktor pendukung serta faktor-faktor penghambat dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran daring di masa pandemi COVID-19 pada guru Sekolah Dasar Negeri Dukuhwaru 01. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian metode kualitatif deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah proses pembelajaran dalam jaringan (daring) dapat dilaksanakan oleh semua guru di Sekolah Dasar Negeri Dukuhwaru 01. Adanya factor pendukung yang menunjang proses pembelajaran yaitu tersedianya fasilitas HP/ Laptop bagi siswa serta mendapatkan bantuan internet dari pemerintah, namun pembelajaran daring pada masa pandemic COVID-19 belum dapat dikatakan efektif karena pembelajaran daring yang dilakukan dalam jangka waktu panjang menimbulkan dampak pada siswa menjadi jenuh karena tidak ada interaksi dengan teman, mereka bosan dengan pemberian tugas setiap harinya. Siswa juga menjadi malas dalam mengerjakan tugas, tidak semua materi dapat dipahami dengan baik. Hal tersebut menjadikan pengumpulan tugas menjadi sangat terlambat sehingga menjadikan guru sulit melakukan penilaian. Faktor hambatan yang dialami guru dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran daring adalah tidak semua siswa meiliki HP pribadi, kuota internet yang belum mencukupi untuk kebutuhan pembelajaran daring serta kurangnya pendampingan orangtua dalam proses belajar dirumah, Orang tua menjadi seseorang yang sangat penting dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran daring, karena orangtua secara yang secara langsung terlibat dalam membimbing dan mengawasi siswa dalam pembelajaran. Pemberian motivasi menjadi sangat berarti bagi siswa, hal tersebut dilakukan agar siswa kembali semangat meskipun belajar dari rumah. Kata kunci: faktor pendukung, faktor penghambat, pembelajaran dalam jaringan Abstract This study aims to analyze the online learning process by looking at supporting factors as well as inhibiting factors in implementing online learning during pandemic COVID-19 for teachers at SD Negeri Dukuhwaru 01. This research uses descriptive qualitative research. The data collection techniques used in this research were observation, interview and documentation. The result of this research is online learning process can be carried out by all teachers at SD Negeri Dukuhwaru 01. There are supporting factors that support online learning process, such as the availability of cellphones/laptops for students and getting internet assistance from the government, but online learning at pandemic COVID-19 cannot be said effective because online learning that is carried out in long term has an impact for students who become bored because there is no interaction with their friends, they are bored with given assignments everyday. Students also become lazy in doing their assignments, not all material can be understood properly. This makes the assignment submission too late, making difficult the teachers to make assessments. The obstacle factor experienced by the teacher in implementing online learning is that not all students have personal cellphones, internet quota that is not sufficient for online learning needs and the lack of parental assistance in learning process at home, parents become someone who is very important in implementing online learning, because parents are who are directly involved in guiding and supervising students in learning. Giving motivation is meaningful for students, this is done so students enthusiasm even though learning from home. Keywords: supporting factors, inhibiting factors, online learning
Roudlotul Jannah
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3942

Abstract:
Abstrak Masa ke masa pendidikan di Indonesia mengalami perkembangan. Hal tersebut dapat ditinjau dari kurikulumnya yang selalu berubah demi perbaikan. Pengembangan kurikulum antara lain mengacu pada dampak era globalisasi dan pesatnya perkembangan teknologi informasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi penerapan kurikulum dan problematikanya di MI Tarbiyatul Athfal Bojonegoro. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa MI Tarbiyatul Athfal menerapkan Kurikulum 2013 secara bertahap sejak tahun ajaran 2017/2018. Penerapan didukung dengan langkah-langkah strategis seperti keikutsertaan guru dalam pelatihan, pengayaan literatur, dan pengadaan sarana dan prasarana. Sejumlah problem yang ditemukan selama penerapan Kurikulum 2013 yakni pengalokasian waktu yang belum maksimal dalam menyampaikan materi disebabkan pembelajaran yang bersistem tematik yakni menggabungkan beberapa mata pelajaran menjadi satu tema. Penilaian pun dirasakan membutuhkan kejelian guru karena penyampaian materi dilakukan secara terintegrasi dari beberapa mata pelajaran namun pada penilaian guru harus memilah kembali pencapaian siswa per mata pelajaran. Kata kunci: penerapan kurikulum, problematika, strategi Abstract Time by time, education in Indonesia has developed. This can be seen by curriculum changing for improvement. Curriculum development refers to impact of globalization era and rapid development of information and technology. This study aims to identify the implementation of curriculum and its problems at MI Tarbiyatul Athfal Bojonegoro. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach. Data obtained through interviews and documentation. The results show that MI Tarbiyatul Athfal has implemented 2013 Curriculum since 2017/2018. Implementation is supported by strategic steps such as teacher participation in training, literature enrichment, and provision of facilities and infrastructure. A number of problems were found during the implementation of 2013 Curriculum, such as inadequate allocation of time in delivering material due to thematic learning system, which combines several subjects into one theme. The assessment is also require carefulness by the teacher because the delivery of material is carried out in an integrated manner from several subjects, but in the assessment the teacher must sort out the achievement of students by subject. Keywords: curriculum implementation, problematics, strategy
Yustiorini Yustiorini, Ma’As Shobirin, Ersila Devy Rinjani
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3944

Abstract:
Abstrak Pengembangan bahan ajar pada mata pelajaran bahasa Indonesia ini menjadi salah satu upaya dalam meningkatkan mutu pendidikan di sekolah. Basis cerita bergambar/komik pada bahan ajar yang dikembangkan menjadi salah satu pilihan yang sesuai bagi peserta didik dan pengajar untuk lebih mendalami materi dengan motivasi yang tinggi karena bentuknya yang berbeda dari yang sudah ada. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Research and Development ( R&D) dengan menggunakan model yang dikembangkan oleh Borg and Gall. Hasil skor keefektifan diperoleh dari hasil belajar. Hasil skor keefektifan bahan ajar komik menunjukkan 89,81 %. Hasil perhitungan diperoleh pada α = 5 % dengan dk=22-1 = 21 diperoleh ttabel = 2,119. Didapat thitung = 11,054 ≥ ttabel = 2,119 karena thitung ≥ ttabel maka hipotesis (Ha) diterima. Proses pembelajaran dapat disimpulkan ada peningkatan hasil belajar sesudah siswa menggunakan bahan ajar komik dan karena hal tersebut bahan ajar dikatakan efektif. Kata kunci: Pengembangan, bahan ajar komik, bahasa Indonesia Abstract The development of teaching materials in Bahasa Indonesia lesson is one of efforts to improve education quality in schools. Basic of illustrated story/comic on teaching materials is developed become an appropriate choice for students and teachers to explore more material with high motivation because of its different form from the existing ones. The research method used in this study is Research and Development (R&D) using a model developed by Borg and Gall. The results of the effectiveness score were obtained from learning outcomes. The score for the effectiveness of comic teaching materials was 89.81%. The calculation results obtained at α=5% with dk=22-1=21 obtained t table= 2.119. Obtained t count=11,054 ≥ t table=2.119 because t count ≥ t table then the hypothesis (Ha) is accepted. The learning process can be concluded that there is an increase in learning outcomes after students use comic teaching materials and because of this the teaching materials are said effective. Keywords: Development, comic as teaching materials, Bahasa Indonesia
Nursaptini Nursaptini, Arif Widodo
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3939

Abstract:
Abstrak Anak tuna laras identik dengan perilaku yang buruk. Stigma anak tuna laras sebagi anak nakal telah melekat. Anak tuna laras memiliki masalah yang serius dengan karakter. Permasalahan semacam ini juga terjadi di salah satu madrasah inklusi di Lombok Barat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode pembentukan karakter terhadap anak tuna laras di madrasah inklusi. Penelitian in ididesain dalam bentuk penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus. Subjek dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari lima anak tuna laras. Permasalahan utama dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana pengaruh penggunaan metode dakwah bil hikmah terhadap perubahan karakter anak tuna laras? Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpukan bahwa pembentukan karakter anak tuna laras di madrasah inklusi dengan menggunakan pendekatan komunikasi persuasif dari metode dakwah bil hikmah telah berhasil. Guru memperlakukan anak tuna laras dengan kasih sayang, mau mendengar keluh kesah dan melakukan komunikasi persuasif. Penggunaan pendekatan ini dapat merubah perilaku anak tuna laras, emosi menjadi lebih stabil, hubungan sosial membaik dan partisipasi belajar meningkat. Kata Kunci: komunikasi persuasif, dakwah bil hikmah, tuna laras, pembentukan karakter Abstract Children with emotionally handicapped identic with bad behavior. The stigma as a naughty children has lingered. Children with emotionally handicapped have serious character problems. This kind of problem also occurs in one of inclusion madrasas in West Lombok. This study aims to determine the effect of character building methods on children with emotionally handicapped in inclusion madrasah. This research was designed in qualitative research with a case study approach. The subjects in this study consist of five children with emotionally handicapped. The main problem in this research is how is the effect of using da'wah bil hikmah method on changes in children with emotionally handicapped character. Based on results of the study, it can be concluded that character building on children with emotionally handicapped in inclusion madrasah using persuasive communication approach da'wah bil hikmah method has been successful. The teachers treat the children with emotionally handicapped with love, willing to listen their complaints and makes persuasive communication. The use of this approach can change children with emotionally handicapped behaviour, their emotions become more stable, improve in social relations and increase in learning participation. Keywords: persuasive communication, da'wah bil hikmah, children with emotionally handicapped, character building
Anis Fuadah Z, Nidha Yulianti
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3941

Abstract:
Abstrak Permainan tradisional banyak yang mengandung nilai- nilai karakter, namun pada saat ini permainan tradisional tersebut semakin tergantikan oleh permainan digital seperti game online, playstation atau permainan yang terdapat di Handphone sehingga mempengaruhi karakter anak. Akibatnya mereka tidak memperdulikan kehidupan disekelilingnya, seperti memiliki dunia sendiri dengan gadged-nya. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini ditulis bertujuan untuk menggali dan mendeskripsikan nilai- nilai karakter dari permainan tradisional, yang salah satunya ialah Lojo /Palejo. Sehingga pada akhirnya dapat melestarikan permainan tradisional yang bermanfaat untuk menumbuhkan karakter anak. Fokus dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis nilai- nilai karakter yang terdapat didalam Lejo/Palejo khususnya pada siswa sekolah dasar. Hal ini dilatar belakangi pada usia ini merupakan usia bermain, maka kita perlu memberikan bimbingan tentang permainan yang baik untuk perkembangannya. Disamping itu, usia siswa sekolah dasar merupakan usia pembentukan kepribadian, sehingga penting sekali dilakukan penanaman karakter. Penelitian ini ditulis berdasar pada analisis studi pustaka. Hasilnya menunjukan bahwa permainan Lojo/Palejo dapat menanamkan dan membentuk nilai- nilai budaya dan membangun karakter anak seperti disiplin, jujur, mandiri, tanggungjawab, kerja keras, semangat, bersahabat, cinta damai dan musyawarah. Kata Kunci : permainan tradisional, anak MI/ SD, Lojo (palejo), nilai karakter. Abstract Many traditional games contain character values. These traditional games are increasingly being replaced by digital games such as online games, playstations or games on mobile phones that affect children's characters. As a result they do not care about life around them, like having their own world with its gadged. Therefore, this study aims to explore and describe character values of traditional games, one of which is Lojo/Palejo. The end goal is to preserve traditional games that are useful for fostering children's character. The focus in this study is analysis of character values in Lejo/Palejo, especially for elementary school students. This is because children at that age need to provide guidance on appropriate game for their development. In addition, age of elementary school students is age of personality formation, so it is very important to implement character. This research is a literature study. The results show that Lojo/Palejo game can apply and shape cultural values also build children's character such as discipline, honesty, independence, responsibility, hard work, enthusiasm, friendship, love of peace and deliberation. Keywords: traditional games, MI/SD children, Lojo (palejo), character values.
Siti Rosidah
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i2.3945

Abstract:
Abstrak Penelitian tindakan kelas ini menerapkan metode drill dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan aktivitas dan hasil belajar peserta didik kelas III semester genap di SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Gunungpati Semarang tahun ajaran 2018/2019 pada materi bacaan dan gerakan salat. Permasalahan yang ingin dikaji dalam penelitian ini adalah: (1) Apakah penerapan metode drill dalam pembelajaran PAI semester 2 materi gerakan dan bacaan salat di SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Gunungpati Semarang, (2) Bagaimana efektifitas pelaksanaan pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam menggunakan metode drill materi gerakan dan bacaan salat di SD Negeri Sekaran 02. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas (action research) sebanyak dua siklus. Setiap siklus terdiri atas empat tahap yaitu: rancangan, kegiatan dan pengamatan, refleksi, dan revisi. Sasaran penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas III SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Kecamatan Gunungpati Kota Semarang tahun pelajaran 2018/2019. Data yang diperoleh berupa hasil tes formatif dan lembar observasi kegiatan belajar mengajar. Hasil analisis didapatkan bahwa prestasi belajar siswa mengalami peningkatan dari siklus I sampai siklus II yaitu, siklus I 60%, siklus II 80%. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa metode drill dapat berpengaruh positif terhadap hasil belajar siswa kelas III semester II pada kompetensi dasar menghafal bacaan salat dan menampilkan keserasian gerakan salat sangat efektif. Kata kunci: metode drill, pembelajaran PAI, gerakan dan bacaan salat. Abstract This classroom action research applies drill method to increase activity and learning outcomes for third graders in semester 2 at SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Gunungpati Semarang year 2018/2019 on material salat movement and reading. Problems studied in this research are: (1) Is the application of drill method in Islamic Education (PAI) lesson semester 2 on material salat movement and reading at SD Negeri Sekaran 02 Gunungpati Semarang, (2) How is the effectiveness of implementation Islamic Education lesson using drill method on material salat movement and reading at SD Negeri Sekaran 02. This study used action research in two cycles. Each cycle consists of four stages, they are: design, activities and observations, reflection, and revision. The target of this research is third graders at SD Negeri Sekaran 02, Gunungpati, Semarang, year 2018/2019. The data obtained are in formative test results, observation sheets of teaching learning activities. From analysis result, the writer found that student learning achievement had increased from cycle I to cycle II, in cycle I is 60% and cycle II is 80%. The results of this study reveal that drill method give positive effect on learning outcomes of third graders semester 2 on basic competence of memorizing salat reading and practicing salat movements in harmony effectively. Keywords: drill method, Islamic education lesson, salat movements and reading.
Yunita Permatasari, Sophia Bernadette
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i2.3874

Abstract:
Health messages are important in the field of public health to encourage behavior change. In 2017, through a “Prevent, Treat, Fight Diabetes” Campaign initiated by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, the Government uploaded a digital video public service advertisement through a you tube account with the username of the Ministry of Health's P2PTM Directorate. This research was conducted to understand how the Persuasion Technique used by the Ministry of Health in building messages contained in the communication campaign carried out through the video. The main question in this connection is how the persuasion technique used in the health campaign "Prevent, Treat, Fight Diabetes" conducted by the Ministry of Health in persuading message recipients? To find out how the Persuasion Technique of a health campaign persuasion message carried out by the Ministry of Health in the “Prevent, Treat, Fight Diabetes” campaign by the Ministry of Health in persuading message recipients, this study uses the theory of Campaign Communication, Social Campaigns, and Persuasion Techniques with a fear approach. to analyze the elements in a persuasive message from the Ministry of Health. Keywords: Persuasive Communication, Persuasion Techniques, Health Campaigns, Ministry of Health
Andi Purwono
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i2.3875

Abstract:
As the largest religious organization, Nahdlatul Ulama has had an international role since its inception. One of these roles is realized through the holding of several international conferences. This article aims to explain the reasons of these conferences and to describe the activities and contributions to the world and especially towards Indonesian foreign policy. This qualitative research used documentary/ literature study in collecting data. The research found that ideational motivation related to the logic of appropriateness (the call) to spread the teachings of Islam rahmatan lil alamin was the reason for the establishment. The conferences gave positive contribution as religious epistemic community, in building network, and in the framework of Islamic and western relations. Towards Indonesian foreign policy, these conferences, firstly emphasized the washathiyah / moderate character of Indonesian Islam which has proven to be compatible with democracy and modernity. Secondly, the thoughts and recommendations generated are valuable inputs for policy makers. Thirdly, the ulama network also has sharpen Indonesia's diplomacy in area Indonesia foreign policy implementation. . Key Words: Diplomacy, Conference, Ideational Motivation, Cononstructivism, Contributioni.
Daftar Isi Daftar Isi
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i2.3878

Rohma Kubro, Ahmad Satrio, Mulhatur Rofi’Ah, Akhmad Faidlaani, Muhammad Reza
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i2.3876

Abstract:
This study is literature study with descriptive qualitative research with library research. This research is intended to explain the existence of science in the industrial revolution era 4.0. In this literature study, the author uses various written sources such as book, journal, and documents that are relevant to the study in this study. This study focuses on science and its existence in the industrial revolution era. The study results show that the existence of science at this time is still very much needed and has increased significantly. This is because the development of technology based on science has spread and entered the joints of aspects of human life.. Keywords : Industrial Revolution 4.0, Science, Technology.
Hafidz R T, Ahmad Baidawi
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i2.3868

Abstract:
Adapun tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana peran pemerintah Indonesia dalam menangani dilema masyarakat keturunan indonesia yang tinggal di mindanao selatan filipina. Seperti yang kita ketahui, ada Lebih dari 8.000 orang keturunan Indonesia yang telah tinggal di Mindanao Selatan, Filipina. Adapun status mereka selama ini secara formal adalah "tanpa memiliki identitas kewarganegaraan" dengan menerima konsekuensi: tidak akan mendapatkan bantuan secara ekonomi dan terpinggirkan secara sosial. Sejauh ini, kebanyakan dari mereka adalah terdaftar sebagai pemegang sertifikat warga Asing Filipina, sehingga mereka dapat menikmati fasilitas sosial dari pemerintah Filipina. Sedangkan yang memiliki paspor Indonesia, akibatnya, mereka akan kehilangan dukungan itu. Adapun Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dan pendekatan desktriptif yang didukung dengan data yang berkaitan dengan dilema masyarakat keuturunan Indonesia yang tinggal di mindanao selatan filipina. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Pemerintah Indonesia dalam menangani masalah diatas tersebut dengan mengorganisasikannya kedalam Diaspora Indonesia dan kemudian meningkatkan status mereka menjadi (Warga Negara Indonesia Terdaftar). Pada 2018, pemerintah Indonesia telah mulai mengeluarkan paspor Indonesia untuk mereka. Namun demikian, di balik penyelesaian hokum diatas, banyak dari mereka khawatir tentang konsekuensi ekonomi dan sosial yang akan mereka terima. Oleh karena itu dalam lima tahun ke depan mereka akan menghadapi persimpangan yang menentukan: Kembali ke Indonesia dalam ketidakpastian atau tetap tinggal di sana sebagai warga negara Indonesia di luar negeri dengan biaya yang membebani. Mengenai situasi dilematis ini, pemerintah Indonesia mencoba mengadopsi pendekatan yang lebih inovatif dan komprehensif dalam hukum, sosial, budaya, dan ekonomi juga dalam program pemberdayaan sosial yang terintegrasi. Sehingga dilema masyarkat keturunan Indonesia yang ada di Mindanao bisa mendapatkan kepastian. Kata kunci: Indonesia Diaspora, RINs, Pemberdayaan Sosial.
Nopyandri Nopyandri, A Zarkasi, Dimas Rizal
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i2.3869

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of the village government of Jambi luar kota in empowering rural communities in rural independence and development. As we know, The Village autonomy is genuine, round, and complete autonomy and is not a gift from the government. Instead, the government is obliged to respect the original autonomy held by the village. As a form of democracy, a village consultative body was formed in the village which functioned as a legislative and supervisory body for the implementation of village regulations, village income and expenditure budgets, and village head decisions. The village budget includes original village income, APBN allocation known as the Village Fund, part of the district/city revenue and tax, village fund allocation which is part of the balance funds received by the district/city, financial assistance from the provincial APBD and district / APBD cities, grants and non-binding donations from third parties. With so many funds for village development above, can the village government implement an independent village development and support the village development program launched by the central government or vice versa. This study was conducted using a qualitative research approach. This research was conducted in Jambi Luar Kota and in Muaro Jambi Regency. The results of this study found that the empowerment of Village Communities in Self-Reliance and Development in Jambi Luar Kota District even though it has been done, the results are not yet optimal. it is due to several factors: 1). Communication Factors, 2). Organizational structure. Keywords: Autonomy, Villages, Community Empowerment, Development
Agus Riyanto
Published: 30 November 2020
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 6; doi:10.31942/sd.v6i1.3844

Abstract:
This article aims to describe the trajectory of the development of Sarekat Islam (SI) in the pre-independence era by using path dependence analysis and critical junctures. In this context, important political decisions made by the proto-Islamic party agents will identify various alternatives determined by their antecedent conditions, as well as a series of follow-up causal events after critical junctures as path dependence patterns that lead to an outcome or outcome of the development of the SI organization. explained that there were three stages of the development of the Sarekat Islam organization, which transformed into the Sarekat Islam Party (PSI) and the Indonesian Sarekat Islam Party (PSII) which were produced by three agent decisions in moments of critical juntures, namely the stages of growth, division and decline. Key word : Critical junctures, Path dependence, the proto- Islamic
Nida Awalia, Ika Nur Fitriani
Jurnal Inovasi Teknik Kimia, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/inteka.v5i2.3813

Abstract:
Uji kadar nitrogen dilakukan untuk mengetahui kadar nitrogen pada pupuk NPK Reaksi hasil produksi pabrik II PT Petrokimia Gresik. Pengujian kadar nitrogen pada penelitian ini menggunakan dua metode yaitu metode in house dan metode SNI-Inovasi mengenai pupuk NPK Reaksi yang juga digunakan sebagai acuan standar hasil pengujian. Metode SNI-Inovasi dilakukan untuk mengetahui ada atau tidaknya reagen lain yang bisa digunakan untuk analisis kadar N selain reagen yang biasa digunakan pada metode in house. Kedua metode tersebut menggunakan prinsip dasar metode kjeldahl yang melalui tiga tahapan yaitu destruksi, destilasi, dan titrasi. Parameter statistik yang dianalisa pada penelitian ini diantaranya adalah uji kecukupan data, uji presisi dan akurasi data, serta uji T. Rata-rata kadar nitrogen pupuk NPK Reaksi menggunakan metode in house dan SNI-Inovasi berturut-turut sebesar 14.8551%b/b dan 15.386%b/b. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa metode in house dan SNI-Inovasi tidak berbeda nyata secara signifikan sehingga metode SNI-inovasi dapat direkomendasikan sebagai metode analisa dalam penetapan kadar nitrogen pada pupuk NPK Reaksi di PT. Petrokimia Gresik. Kata kunci: metode in house, metode SNI-Inovasi, kadar N, pupuk NPK Reaksi
Firda Ayu Amalia, Agung Prasetyo Nugroho Wicaksono
AKSES: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Volume 15; doi:10.31942/akses.v15i2.3782

Abstract:
This study aims to prove empirically the effect of the implementation of PP. No. 23 of 2018 on tax compliance moderated by the implementation of financial reporting. PP. No. 23 of 2018 is PP. latest issued by the government which regulates a tax rate of 0.5% for MSMEs with the aim of increasing tax compliance. The sample in this study were SMEs with the category of medium-sized enterprises with a purposive sampling technique. The number of samples obtained was 46 MSME actors. Data processing using Smart PLS with a questionnaire as a method of data collection. The results showed that the implementation of PP. No. 23 of 2018 has a positive influence on tax compliance. Furthermore, the variable of Financial Reporting Implementation cannot moderate the relationship between PP implementation. No. 23 of 2018 and Tax Compliance. The implication of this research is that the government is expected to provide socialization related to PP. No. 23 of 2018 to MSME players so that the level of tax compliance can increase even more. This is because some MSME actors as respondents admit that they do not understand in detail the PP. 23 of 2018. Keywords: Tax Compliance, PP. No. 23 of 2018, Financial Reporting, MSME Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan secara empiris pengaruh pelaksanaan PP. No. 23 Tahun 2018 terhadap kepatuhan pajak dengan dimoderasi oleh implementasi pelaporan keuangan. PP. No. 23 tahun 2018 merupakan PP. terbaru yang diterbitkan oleh pemerintah yang mengatur tarif pajak sebesar 0,5% bagi UMKM dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan pajak. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah pelaku UMKM dengan kategori usaha menengah dengan teknik purposive sampling. Jumlah sampel yang diperoleh sebanyak 46 pelaku UMKM. Pengolahan data dengan menggunakan Smart PLS dengan kuesioner sebagai metode pengumpulan data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan PP. No. 23 Tahun 2018 memiliki pengaruh yang positif terhadap kepatuhan pajak. Selanjutnya varibel Implementasi Pelaporan Keuangan tidak dapat memoderasi hubungan penerapan PP. No. 23 tahun 2018 dan Kepatuhan Pajak. Implikasi penelitian ini adalah diharapkan pemerintah dapat memberikan sosialisasi terkait PP. No. 23 tahun 2018 kepada para pelaku UMKM agar tingkat kepatuhan pajak dapat lebih meningkat lagi. Hal ini dikarenakan beberapa pelaku UMKM sebagai responden mengaku belum memahami secara detail terkait PP No. 23 Tahun 2018. Kata Kunci : Kepatuhan Pajak, PP. No. 23 tahun 2018, Pelaporan Keuangan, UMKM
Alfian Qodri Azizi Azizi
Iqtisad Reconstruction of justice and welfare for Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/iq.v7i1.3455

Abstract:
Fulfilment of children's alimentation right is a medium to apply the vision of marriage that functions actively-offensively protecting generation (ḥifẓ an-nasl). However, there are still many cases neglecting children's alimentation right in marriage or after divorce. This is due to some understanding of the classical mazhab of fiqh that children's alimentation right not be a father's debt, the obligation of child's alimentation expired if not given in the past and because also the people assume that the husband's obligation to give a child's alimentation only occurs when there is still a marriage. So that when the divorce happens it means the obligation of a child's alimentation has ended by the father to his child. from this legal problem, the author wants to examine how the juridical-normative rules for granting children's alimentation right and the sanctions if father ignore the children's alimentation right? This study uses a comparison method between Fiqh and the Act in Indonesia. The result is the Act and Fiqh have governed the procedures for granting children's alimentation right. However, sanctions governing neglect of granting children's alimentation right in fiqh are only found in the mazhab Hanafi, but in the Act found strict sanctions as a preventive measure and as well as a deterrent effect, so that a person does not neglect children's alimentation right
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i1.3475

Kholfan Zubair Taqo Sidqi
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5, pp 27-38; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i1.3467

Abstract:
The Scout Movement is Indonesian National Scout Organization as a non-formal educational institution that organizes scouting education. The Scout Movement functions as an educational organization non-formal outside the school and outside the family and as a forum for fostering and developing students based on the Among System by applying the Scouting Basic Principles and Scouting Methods. Furthermore, the aims and objectives of coaching in the Higher Education Gudep emphasize more on the character development of students and the implementation of Higher Education Tridarma through scouting activities. Not solely for the benefit of the nation and state but scouting in Higher Education there is a concrete phenomenon in the active contribution of, by, and for the future of the Cluster itself. Social development and intellectuals with the "Learning By Doing" strategy also have a mission aimed at making racana members able to realize Higher Education Tridarma (Education, Research, Community Service), and Tri Bina Scout Movement (self-development, Community Development, and Community Development). Intellectual skills enable Racana members to actualize as students, train themselves to think critically, able to take advantage of opportunities for productive life. Whereas social skills Racana members are expected to be able to increase their interaction capacity with other members, be able to solve problems together - continue to develop networking and focus on the work Keywords: intellectual skills, learning by doing, Social skills
Daftar Isi
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/sd.v5i1.3474

, Arum Mediyawati
Iqtisad Reconstruction of justice and welfare for Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/iq.v7i1.3444

Abstract:
This article is intended to test the theory of market efficiency hypotheses in weak forms through event studies. Empirical testing in the form of investor response to the massive Muslim demonstration over alleged blasphemy known as action 212. Investors' response testing, in the form of whether the 212 action affects the volatility of abnormal returns and the trading volume of shari'ah stock activity incorporated in Jakarta Islamic Index. The research data are secondary, namely stock returns, stock prices, stock price indexes and sharia stock abnormal returns, with an observation period of 15 days around the date of the action event 212. Data collection by documentation procedures. The number of companies included in the analysis are 26 companies. Data were analyzed using Paired Sample t-Test statistics. The results of testing the hypothesis with empirical data show that the first hypothesis that there are differences in the average abnormal return before and after the 212 action is significantly accepted. Meanwhile, the second hypothesis that there are differences in average trading volume activity before and after the 212 action does not significant (rejected). The results of testing the hypothesis indicate that investors respond to 212 actions in the form of stock price volatility so that abnormal returns are significantly different after and before the 212 action. The response form is also indicated by a wait and see attitude, so that active trading around the 212 action date and after 212 action tends decrease or stagnate.
Tedi Kholiludin
Iqtisad Reconstruction of justice and welfare for Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/iq.v7i1.3464

Abstract:
This paper discusses one of the phenomena that erupted Post-Reformation is a desire to make rules in areas removed from the spirit of Islamic law. Appearing later legislation on dressmaking, ask for compensation as well curfew for women. Understanding Islamic Sharia in the context of a plural society like Indonesia is a research question asked in this paper. In conclusion, the substance of the Shari'a must first be made as reference material from the formalist Shari'a.
Firdos Firdos, Ubbadul Adzkiya’
Iqtisad Reconstruction of justice and welfare for Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/iq.v7i1.3463

Abstract:
Marine biodiversity beyond areas national jurisdiction (BBNJ) are characterized by high diversity of life and ecosystem and played central role in maintaining and supporting life on earth. Nevertheless, in recent times a number of factors have increasingly brought about considerable damage, at an increasing pace, to the marine ecosystem and biodiversity. And currently there are no specific rules governing this marine environment on the BBNJ. Therefore, in 2004 The United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) created the Ad Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group to study issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of BBNJ. With the process initiated by UNGA Resolution 69/292 of 19 June 2015, the General Assembly decided to develop an international legally binding instrument (ILBI) under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on conservation and sustainable use of BBNJ. The paper contains the current discussion on the development of the new international legally binding instrument (ILBI) for conservation and sustainable use of BBNJ. It discusses on going mechanisms to address issues related to the package agreed in 2011, specifically on the measures such as area-based management tools (ABMTs), including marine protected areas (MPAs). More specifically,this paper discusses on the relationship between instrument and the rights of coastal States over all areas under their jurisdiction, including continental shelf within and beyond 200 nautical miles and the exclusive economic zone. The paper concludes that there is a need for further cooperation and coordination in developing and implementing ABMTs including MPAs under new ILBI with the right of the coastal states over all areas under their jurisdiction. The paper also addressing the concept of due regard, adjacency, compatibility, and the right of the coastal state. This four concept can be used for the basic guideline in relationship between ABMTs including MPAs with costal States adjacent to the area beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ).
Tri Agus Gunawan, Indira Swasti Gama Bhakti
Iqtisad Reconstruction of justice and welfare for Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/iq.v7i1.3465

Abstract:
The discussion about the problem of pornography seems to be endless. The ease of accessing cyberspace is one of the causes of pornography being difficult to control. The emergence of minority groups such as LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) raises its own problems in the community. Some human rights activists consider LGBT a right for those who are not used to being banned and even the State must protect it. In terms of human values, it is clear that LGBT actors must indeed be protected from discrimination. But if their actions have touched the public or public domain, that is no longer a reason to be protected by the State and even the State must appear in regulating it. When the LGBT action was publicly displayed, Law Number 44 Year 2008 Regarding Pornography, could not directly touch it. This is influenced by two factors, namely regulation factors and also implementation factors. The source of this regulation must be immediately addressed so that its implementation is not ambiguous. Displaying pornographic acts by LGBT in public has been very worrying and can damage the mentalities of young people, especially children. Whereas in the sense of pornography as regulated in Article 1 number 1, the acts of the LGBT offender have entered the qualifications of pornography, namely in the case of "gestures" through public performances, which contain obscenity or sexual exploitation that violates the norms of decency in society. This research uses normative research using literature study with primary legal sources used is Law Number 44 Year 2008. The specific target of this research is to make scientific contributions, especially related to critical thinking about pornography laws. While the long-term goal of this study is that it is hoped that this research can be considered by policy makers or regulators to make improvements to this law so that it does not provide multiple interpretations in the implementation phase.
Jaedin Jaedin, Tri Budiyono, Jumiarti Jumiarti
Iqtisad Reconstruction of justice and welfare for Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/iq.v7i1.3453

Abstract:
Legal protection for minimum wages provides certainty for a living wage. Minimum wage policy with the aim of achieving balance and fairness for workers and employers. However, the minimum payment must not be used after demonstrations every year to raise the minimum wage, as well as the minimum payment policy for each different district and city, causing turmoil in each region. So, with the decentralization policy of minimum wages in Indonesia, there are still many pros and cons, while in Egypt, the centralized model policy only sets minimum wages, national level, closer to welfare, John Rawls, in relation to distributive equality.
Nor Mohammad Abdoeh
Iqtisad Reconstruction of justice and welfare for Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/iq.v7i1.3454

Abstract:
Waqf is the teachings of Islam that purpose to realize prosperity and perpetual endowment property in the context of the interests of worship. Indonesia as the country with the largest Muslim majority in the world has serious attention to the management of waqf, this is proven by the enactment of Law No. 41 of 2004. The purpose of this paper is to know the nature and substance of the regulation. This study uses a philosophical approach by explaining the nature of its formal objects. The conclusion of this paper is that the essence of this regulation is none other than to accommodate the Wakif and Nadzir for the welfare of the community.
Siti Sholehah, Sukati Kati
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11, pp 22-36; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3466

Abstract:
This reseach is started by researcher interest to MI Nurul Ulum Kretek Bantul as one of madrasah which apply curriculum based on national education system which integrated pesantren based–curriculum. This reseach aims to know about planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating those curriculums in MI Nurul Ulum. The type of this research is qualitative research. Subject of this research is the headmaster and some teachers. The technique of data analysis is using descriptive-analysis. Techniques and instrument of data collection is using observation, interview and documentation technique. To test the data validity, the researcher use triangulation technique. The finding of this research show that managements of pesantren based-curriculum in MI Nurul Ulum Kretek Bantul are as presented : 1. The planning of management pesantren based-curriculum already well running such as teaching preparation and other school programs, the preparation is carried out in early year school involving the headmaster and teacher, the foundation’s president, and commitees. 2. The implementation of curriculum management in MI Nurul Ulum is divided into 2 levels of studies : in school level is under headmaster leadership and class level is under teacher leadership. 3. The monitoring of curriculum management is conducted during the implementation of curriculum activities using observation and deliberation in class. 4. Evalution of curriculum management is conducted not only once in a year, but also every time when the obstacles occured, so the existing constraints do not accumulate.
Siti Sholehah, Sukati Sukati
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3458

Abstract:
This reseach is started by researcher interest to MI Nurul Ulum Kretek Bantul as one of madrasah which apply curriculum based on national education system which integrated pesantren based–curriculum. This reseach aims to know about planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating those curriculums in MI Nurul Ulum. The type of this research is qualitative research. Subject of this research is the headmaster and some teachers. The technique of data analysis is using descriptive-analysis. Techniques and instrument of data collection is using observation, interview and documentation technique. To test the data validity, the researcher use triangulation technique. The finding of this research show that managements of pesantren based-curriculum in MI Nurul Ulum Kretek Bantul are as presented : 1. The planning of management pesantren based-curriculum already well running such as teaching preparation and other school programs, the preparation is carried out in early year school involving the headmaster and teacher, the foundation’s president, and commitees. 2. The implementation of curriculum management in MI Nurul Ulum is divided into 2 levels of studies : in school level is under headmaster leadership and class level is under teacher leadership. 3. The monitoring of curriculum management is conducted during the implementation of curriculum activities using observation and deliberation in class. 4. Evalution of curriculum management is conducted not only once in a year, but also every time when the obstacles occured, so the existing constraints do not accumulate.
Fidafatul Hidayati, Ma’As Shobirin, Fitria Martanti
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11, pp 68-92; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3462

Abstract:
This research study about implementation of literation movement program of reading habbit steps for 4th grader in SDN Sampangan, study about impact and teacher’s role in conducting literation program. This research is field research with use qualitative approach. Technique of data collection is conducted by documentation, observation and interview. Technique of data analysis is done by data reduction, data presentation, and making conclusion while to check data validity is done by observation, triangulation technique and triangulation sources. The result show that The Implementation of Literation Movement Program on Reading Habituation Step for 4th Grader in SDN Sampangan 02 through six steps. First, giving time 10-15 minutes for reading. It can be conducted in class or out of class. Summerize what they are read from the textbook. Retelling what they are read in front of the class. Giving appreciate for student who are already retelling in front of the class and making a note for book which are already read and borrowed by the student in reading card. Positive impact of this activity is there are daily reading habbit which make students become keen on reading and improving their reading references. The role of 4th grader teacher are as assistant and facilitator.
Rini Verary Shanthi, Nurul Maghfiroh
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11, pp 37-51; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3459

Abstract:
Discovery Learning is a learning model which makes students get involved in the problem solving for developing knowledge and skill. The using of discovery learning model can involve the students in problem solving activities, independent learning, thinking critically, comprehending and learning creatively. This learning model is along with thematic learning approach. The thematic learning is designed based on certain integrated themes to connect and correlate some subjects in order to give meaningful experiment for students. This research objects is to know the influence of discovery learning model to the thematic learning in MI Ma’arif Pulutan. The quaitative research methods was used in this reasearch. The primary data was collected from the teachers and the students’ report of study. The secondary data was obtained from the principal and the vice of principal of curriculum. The data collection was processed by triangulation technique and the data analysis was processed by qualitative method. Based on the result of the research can be concluded that the discovery learning model on thematic learning approach can simplify the teacher to teach the students, the students can comprehend the material easily, and can increase the learning outcomes level of the students in MI Ma’arif Pulutan
Muhammad Alfiansyah, Muhammad Shaleh Assingkily, Andi Prastowo
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11, pp 52-67; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3460

Abstract:
This research describes several management of MI Nurul Ummah in order to improve the quality of education in the school, the type of research in this paper is descriptive qualitative. Data collection techniques used by interview and also with various sources both from relevant books and journals. From the results of the writing, it is known that there are some policies implemented by MI Nurul Ummah management (1) Assisting the reading of Asmaul Husna, intends to educate students characters to love Allah through Asmaul Husna, (2) The implementation of Full Day School, the application of this policy is expected to make it easier to supervise students in the school, (3) Dhuha prayer in congregation, get children to pray in congregation and a good character building, (4) The training of teachers to upgrade teachers knowledge in order to produce a good quality of education. While that which is the inhibiting factors of the policy namely internal factors (Funds, Teachers, Students) external factors (Parents of Students, Society)
Arif Widodo, Dyah Indraswati, Agam Royana
MAGISTRA: Media Pengembangan Ilmu Pendidikan Dasar dan Keislaman, Volume 11, pp 1-21; doi:10.31942/mgs.v11i1.3457

Abstract:
Children with special needs require different learning services with children in general. One kind of children with special needs is a child who has difficulty in learning and it is called dyslexia. Generally, children with dyslexia have some difficulties in learning and one of it is difficulty reading. The study aims to analyze the use of radiant images as media in reading for Dyslexia children. The subject in this study is Dyslexia students grade IV at SDN Repok Puyung. The methods used in this study is qualitative descriptive. Data collection was conducted through reading and observation tests. Data presented in the form of diagrams, then analyzed descriptively. The main problem in this research is whether the serial image media can help Dyslexia students in improving their reading skill. The results showed that the use of serial image media could improve their reading skill. The increasing of reading skills as reaction for memory improvement of Dyslexia student through pictures. Other findings in this study are improvement in learning activity and reading motivation for Dyslexia students.
Jurnal PROGRESS: Wahana Kreativitas dan Intelektualitas, Volume 8, pp 62-75; doi:10.31942/pgrs.v8i1.3445

Abstract:
The development of the era from the traditional, now entering the modern era. That is, many people are now spoiled with technological. In the past, people traveled to one city with another city requires a lot of time. Furthermore, people see the world still using the Globe and the information needed takes a long time. Conditions are inversely proportional after the public knows the technology. Society is facilitated and spoiled with technology. When lazy to move all what we need today can be directly delivered today. In this era, service bureaus have begun to stand up everywhere. Now there is no need to worry about the daily needs that are needed. Likewise in the world of education. Therefore, the development of the times certainly also requires a technology. Keywords: Technology, Learning, Islamic Religious Education. Abstrak Perkembangan zaman dimulai dari tradisional, kemudian sekarang memasuki era modern. Artinya, banyak masyarakat sekarang yang dimanjakan dengan kecanggihan teknologi. Dahulu, orang bepergian ke kota satu dengan kota yang lain membutuhkan banyak waktu. Selanjutnya, masyarakat melihat dunia masih menggunakan Globe dan informasi yang dibutuhkan diperlukan waktu yang lama. Kondisi berbanding tebalik setelah masyarakat mengetahui teknologi. Masyarakat dipermudah dan dimanjakan dengan teknologi. Ketika malas bergerak semua apa yang kita butuhkan hari ini bisa langsung diantar hari ini juga. Di era ini, biro jasa sudah mulai berdiri dimana-mana. Sekarang tidak perlu khawatir tentang kebutuhan sehari-hari yang dibutuhkan. Begitu juga dalam dunia pendidikan. Karenanya, perkembangan zaman tentunya juga membutuhkan sebuah teknologi. Kata Kunci: Teknologi, Pembelajaran, Pendidikan Agama Islam
Ahmad Fahri Yahya Ainuri
Jurnal PROGRESS: Wahana Kreativitas dan Intelektualitas, Volume 8, pp 76-100; doi:10.31942/pgrs.v8i1.3446

Abstract:
As Indonesian people, of course we are familiar with religious groups with transnational ideologies that are oriented towards replacing government systems with Islamic systems (Imamat / Khilafah) based on the Qur'an and Hadith. Actually there is nothing wrong with the group's vision because the khilahfah system is a product of ijtihad of the predecessor ulama and normatively does not contradict Islamic law. It's just that the effort to coerce to change the law which has become a collective agreement in a country can legally be said as an act of rebellion and the act is not constitutionally justified. To address this phenomenon, the writer wants to give an understanding that implicitly our country (Indonesia) has actually implemented laws that are in accordance with Islamic sharia because the Pancasila ideology which is used as a national and state paradigm is fully in line with the sharia maqashid as contained in the Koran 'and Hadith which fully aims to educate people to become human beings who are deified, humane, united, just manifested into a common life (social life). Keywords: Islamic maqashid, Epistemology, Pancasila Education. Abstrak Sebagai masyarakat Indonesia, tentu kita tidak asing dengan adanya kelompok beragama dengan ideologi transnasional yang berorientasi mengganti sistem pemerintahan dengan sistem Islam (Imamah/Khilafah) yang berlandaskan al-Qur’an dan Hadis. Sebenarnya tidak ada yang salah dengan visi kelompok tersebut karena sistem khilahfah merupakan produk ijtihad para ulama pendahulu dan secara normatif tidak bertentangan dengan syariat Islam. Hanya saja, usaha melakukan paksaan untuk merubah undang-undang yang sudah menjadi kesepakatan bersama dalam suatu negara secara yuridis bisa dikatakan sebagai tindakan pemberontakan dan tindakan tersebut tidak dibenarkan secara konstitusional. Untuk mensikapi fenomena tersebut penulis ingin memberikan pemahaman bahwa secara implisit negara kita (Indonesia) sebenarnya sudah menerapkan undang-undang yang sesuai dengan syari’at Islam karena ideologi pancasila yang dijadikan sebagai paradigma berbangsa dan bernegara sepenuhnya sejalan dengan maqashid syariah yang tertuang dalam al-Qur’an dan Hadis yang spenuhnya bertujuan untuk mendidik masyarakat menjadi manusia yang berketuhanan, berperikemanusiaan, bersatu, adil yang termanifestasi ke dalam kehidupan bersama (kehidupan sosial). Kata Kunci : maqashid syariah, Epistemologi, Pendidikan Pancasila.
Nur Cholid, Rois Fauzi
Jurnal PROGRESS: Wahana Kreativitas dan Intelektualitas, Volume 8, pp 23-37; doi:10.31942/pgrs.v8i1.3441

Abstract:
Despite the development of increasingly modern era, traditional ceremonies which are a noble culture still play an important role in the society live. One of them is Nyadran culture, it has meaning for society since it contains Islamic moral values. This culture is an acculturation of Javanese-Hindu culture with Islam. Islamic education plays an important role in human life. We as Muslims should apply the Islamic values in our daily lives as a guide to reach happiness living in the world and the hereafter. Many teenagers in high school age are reluctant to carry out congregational prayers in mosques, they prefer hanging out and riding out their motorbikes, parents' advice is no longer ignored. This is a moral decline in society that appears today. This research is a qualitative-descriptive. The techniques of data collection were interviews, documentation and observation. Data analysis techniques were data reduction, data presentation, conclusion and verification. Meanwhile, to test the validity of the data, we used data triangulation and member checking techniques. The results of this study showed that the Nyadran culture is a process of sending prayers to ancestors who have passed away. This culture has been conducted by the society from generation to generation from their ancestors. The ceremony is held in Rajab, Thursday wage night Friday Kliwon. The first process that society do in this tradition is cleaning the grave, then praying together on Wednesday evening which starts at 24.00, followed by slaughtering goats on Thursday morning, after that the core of Nyadran process is praying together, recitation and distribution of food and meat goat Keywords: The Islamic Values of Sadranan Culture Abstrak Meskipun perkembangan zaman semakin modern, upacara tradisional yang merupakan budaya luhur masih memegang peranan penting bagi sebagian masyarakat dalam kehidupannya. Upacara tradisional yang memiliki makna serta nilai-nilai pendidikan Islam didalamnya salah satunya adalah budaya Nyadran. Budaya nyadran merupakan akulturasi budaya Jawa-Hindu dengan Islam. Pendidikan Islam sangat berperan penting dalam kehidupan manusia. Nilai-nilai ajaran Islam seharusnya kita terapkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari sebagai pedoman untuk menuju kebahagiaan dunia dan akherat. Semakin merebaknya sistem perjudian di wilayah Ngijo, anak seusia SMP sampai SMA enggan untuk melaksanakan melaksanakan sholat berjamaah di masjid, mereka lebih suka untuk nongkrong dan motor-motoran, nasehat orang tua sudah tidak dihiraukan lagi. Inilah salah satu bentuk kemerosotan akhlak di masyarakat yang muncul saat ini. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif-deskritif. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara, dokumentasi dan observasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan reduksi data, penyajian data, kesimpulan dan verifikasi. Untuk menguji keabsahan data menggunakan teknik triangulasi data dan member check. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa budaya nyadran adalah suatu proses mengirimkan doa kepada para leluhur yang sudah meninggal dunia yang sudah berlangsung secara turun temurun dari nenek moyang. Waktu pelaksanaannya pada bulan Rajab, hari kamis wage malam Jum’at kliwon. Proses tradisi nyadran yang diawali dengan besik kubur atau membersihkan pemakaman, kemudian berdoa bersama pada hari rabu malam yang dimulai pukul 24. 00, dilanjutkan dengan pemotongan kambing pada hari kamis pagi, setelah itu inti dari nyadran yaitu doa bersama, pengajian dan pembagian makanan dan daging kambing. Kata Kunci : Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Islam, Budaya Sadranan
Rohmatul Faizah
Jurnal PROGRESS: Wahana Kreativitas dan Intelektualitas, Volume 8, pp 38-61; doi:10.31942/pgrs.v8i1.3442

Abstract:
Abstrak The spirit of globalisation had cut out the big world to the narrow world and its today’s impact could reduce the nationalism for most of people, especially for college students. This study was qualitative study which was strengthened by the field study. The data collection technique was documentation, observation, and interview. The followings were four results from the analysed data: The nationalism knowledge programs and Islamic moderation were implemented in some subjects. They were, nationalism, widya mwat yasa, civic education, Pancasila, Islamic religion, and sports. The implementation of the nationalism knowledge and Islamic moderation reflected to some things. They were the students who were tolerant (tasamuh), moderate (tawasuth), balance (tawazun), amar ma’ruf nahi munkar. Keywords: Nationality Insight; Islamic Moderation; UPNV Yogyakarta Abstract Semangat globalisasi telah memangkas bola dunia yang luas menjadi sempit dan pengaruh globalisasi di era sekarang juga dapat mengikis rasa cinta tanah air bagi sebagian besar individu, khususnya di kalangan mahasiswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang diperkuat dengan penelitian lapangan. Teknik pengumpulan data penelitian ini adalah dokumentasi, observasi dan wawancara. Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan terdapat empat temuan sebagai berikut: Program-program penguatan wawasan kebangsaan dan moderasi Islam ini diimplementasikan dalam beberapa mata kuliah, diantaranya, bela negara dan widya mwat yasa, kewarganegaraan, pancasila, agama Islam, dan olah raga. Penerapan wawasan kebangsaan dan moderasi Islam ini tercermin dalam beberapa hal, diantaranya mahasiswa memiliki rasa tasamuh (toleran), tawasuth (moderat), tawazun (seimbang), amar ma’ruf nahi munkar. Kata Kunci: Wawasan Kebangsaan; Moderasi Islam; UPNV Yogyakarta
Anas Rohman
Jurnal PROGRESS: Wahana Kreativitas dan Intelektualitas, Volume 8, pp 122-145; doi:10.31942/pgrs.v8i1.3448

Abstract:
Fazlur Rahman is one of the new innovators in Islam that had a great influence in the 20th century, especially in Pakistan, Malaysia, Indonesia, and other countries (Islamic countries), and Chicago America (western countries) who had various thoughts related to problem. He succeeded in thinking critically both Islam and Western traditions. He succeeded in developing methods that could provide alternative solutions to contemporary Muslims. Rahman's thoughts contributed a lot to the development of Islamic studies, especially in the study of the Qur'an-Hadith. the historical-sociological approach above will create a new, dynamic, and creative discourse so that the moral ideal of the Prophet's sunnah. can be realized progressively in a variety of social phenomena and problems, so that the hadith is no longer static but becomes a living sunnah. Keywords: Thought, Fazlur Rahman, Qur'anic Hadith. Abstrak Fazlur Rahman adalah salah satu inovator baru dalam Islam yang memiliki pengaruh besar di abad 20, terutama di Pakistan, Malaysia, Indonesia, dan negara-negara lain (negara-negara Islam), dan Chicago America (negara barat) yang memiliki berbagai pemikiran terkait dengan masalah. Ia sukses berpikir kritis baik Islam maupun tradisi Barat. Ia berhasil mengembangkan metode yang bisa memberikan solusi alternatif terhadap Muslim kontemporer. Pemikiran Rahman banyak memberikan sumbangsih terhadap perkembangan kajian Islam, khususnya dalam kajian Qur’an-Hadis. pendekatan historis-sosiologis di atas akan menciptakan wacana yang baru, dinamis, dan kreatif sehingga ideal moral dari sunnah Nabi Saw. dapat direalisasikan secara progresif di dalam aneka ragam fenomena dan permasalahan sosial, sehingga hadis tidak lagi statis melainkan menjadi sunnah yang hidup. Kata kunci : Pemikiran, Fazlur Rahman, Qur’an Hadis
Laila Ngindana Zulfa
Jurnal PROGRESS: Wahana Kreativitas dan Intelektualitas, Volume 8, pp 101-121; doi:10.31942/pgrs.v8i1.3447

Abstract:
Abstrac Human rights are basic rights that are inherent and universal in human beings. In Indonesia, human rights have been protected by the laws that originate and lead to “Pancasila” . No one can interfere with human rights or eliminate its. In this contemporary era, many practitioners and education thinkers, who analyze about Ta'zir (A punishment) applied to Islamic boarding schools, especially in Islamic boarding schools with typology of salafy. Some people argue that Ta'zir is a form of human rights violations, others say there are not. In this discussion the author tries to provide an analysis related to Ta'zir which is a punishment given to students who violate the rules in the Islamic Boarding School, Is it included in the category of human rights violations that must be eliminated. Or is it just a learning method that aims to provide a deterrent effect on students who break the rules. Keywords: Human Rights, Islamic Boarding School, Ta'zir. Abstrak HAM merupakan hak dasar yang kodratnya melekat pada diri manusia dan bersifat universal serta langgeng. HAM di Indonesia dilindungi oleh UU yang bersumber serta bermuara pada Pancasila. Tidak ada satupun manusia yang boleh mengganggu ataupun menghilangkan hak asasi manusia (HAM). Banyak Praktisi dan pemikir pendidikan dizaman kontemporer ini yang menganalisa tentang Ta’zir (Sebuah hukuman) yang di terapkan pada pondok pesantren terutama pada pesantren yang ber-tipologi salafy. Sebagian berpendapat bahwa ta’zir merupakan salah satu bentuk pelanggaran HAM, sebagian lain mengatakan tidak terdapat pelanggaran HAM. Pada pembahasan ini penulis mencoba untuk memberikan analisa terkait Ta’zir yaitu sebuah hukuman yang diberikan kepada santri yang melanggar aturan dalam Pesantren, apakah termasuk dalam kategori pelanggaran HAM sehingga harus dihapuskan. Ataukah memang hanya sebuah metode pembelajaran yang bertujuan untuk memberikan efek jera pada santri pelanggar aturan. Kata Kunci: HAM, Pesantren, Ta’zir.
Kerwanto Kerwanto
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.2770

Abstract:
This article is a review of a book written by Nasaruddin Umar, titled “Doors towards Happiness: Learning 9 Art of Happy Life in the World and the Hereafter/ Pintu-Pintu Menuju Kebahagiaan: Belajar 9 Seni Hidup Bahagia di Dunia dan Akhirat”. This study aims to photograph his unique ideas about Spiritual Happiness. Then, the author offers it as a theoretical review of Islamic Psychology, in response to the problem of happiness in Western-modern psychology. Through this study, the author showed Nasaruddin Umar's influence on the views of some Sufis such as Ibn ‘Arabi and ‘AbdulKarim al-Jillī in interpreting happiness. In addition, the author seeks to map several important principles used as the foundation of theory, both theoretical and practical.
Fitria Martanti
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.3436

Abstract:
Planting of character education must be carried out continuously. The characters that have been planted in school must be strengthened in college. The planting of character education must be taught, familiarized, trained consistently, become character and become a culture, so that the planting of education is not only in school, but must be strengthened into a culture in college. Strengthening the character in college should be more endeavored to make students who are faithful, pious, noble, moral, ethical and civilized based on the nation's noble values of religion, Pancasila, the Constitution of 1945 and the culture of moderating Islamic values. The noble values of the nation from religion and the culture of Islamic values of moderation can be seen from the Aswaja teachings that can be embedded in the teachings that can strengthen character education in universities. This research is a qualitative research conducted at Wahid Hasyim University, Semarang, which is one of the universities that base Aswaja as a foundation for strengthening character education. The source of the data is obtained from primary and secondary data. Data collection method is done by interview, documentation and observation, while data analysis method uses descriptive analysis method. The results of the study show that the concept of aswaja teaching at Wahid Hasyim University is used as the foundation that underlies all activities carried out on campus, both matters relating to aqidah, worship/sharia, and morals. As for strengthening character education through Aswaja teachings, it was carried out by making Aswaja Center which regulates activities related to Aswaja. The implementation of the Aswaja teachings is carried out through habituation, guidance and consultation related to religious practices. Aswaja's teachings are also integrated in courses according to each faculty. Key Words : Aswaja, Education, Character.
Ali Muhsin
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.3435

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to describe the Implementation of the Islamic Boarding School Education System in the Self-Reliance of Santri in Learning at the Ar Rommel Boarding House at the Darul Islamic Boarding School ‘Ulum Peterongan Jombang. This study aims to find out information about the pesantren education system in Ar Rommel's Dormitory. This research is a qualitative research,). Data collection techniques in this study was direct observation, interviews, and documentation. The results showed that: (1) The existence of Pesantren education system in Ar Rommel dormitory is reading a yellow book, recitation (fasholatan, istighosah, and surah in the Qur'an), reading the Qur'an. (2) the student independence is not merely assessed from their learning, but in the spirit of independence, including the category of independence such as increasing self-confidence (3) Implementation of supporting factors in the pesantren education system at the Ar Rommel dormitory, are responsibility and togetherness, teachers (asatidz ) comes on time. Furthermore, the implementation of the inhibiting factors of the pesantren education system in this dormitory is students who are late to join the teaching and learning process and teachers (asatidz) who cannot participate in teaching activities due to private events. Keywords: Islamic Boarding School Education System, Santri Independence Learning
Muhammad Aniq
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.3437

Abstract:
Multiculturalism is the cultural diversity of communities within a given society and the policies that promote this diversity. As a descriptive term, multiculturalism is the simple fact of cultural diversity and the demographic make-up of a specific place, sometimes at the organizational leve. As a prescriptive term, multiculturalism encourages ideologies and policies that promote this diversity or its institutionalization. In this sense, multiculturalism is a society “at ease with the rich tapestry of human life and the desire amongst people to express their own identity in the manner they see fit. This paper discusses multicultural ideologies or policies vary widely, ranging from the advocacy of equal respect to the various cultures in a society, to a policy of promoting the maintenance of cultural diversity, to policies in which people of various ethnic and religious groups are addressed by the authorities as defined by the group they belong to. Pluralism, diversity and multiculturalism is a daily fact of life in Indonesia. There are over 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia. The Javanese is the largest ethnic group in Indonesia who make up nearly 42% of the total population. The Sundanese, Malay, and Madurese are the next largest groups in the country. There are also more than 700 living languages spoken in Indonesia and although predominantly Muslim the country also has large Christian and Hindu populations. This paper also uncloses the model of Islamic Moderation in Indonesia societies in the light of Various Cultures and Relegion.
Khalid Ramdhani, Laila Ngindana Zulfa
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.3413

Abstract:
Ta’lim Muta’alim is a classic book written by Syekh Al Zarnuzi on 593 H. As the writer of Ta'lim al-Muta'allim Thariq al-Ta'allum, he emphasizes the aspect of character values physical and spiritual. In this book, education is not only transfer of knowledge and skills, but the most important here is the transfer of character values. The purpose of writing this article is to examine the influence of Talim Muta’alim understanding to santri character development. The research methodology used in this research is based on quantitative approach with path analysis model that explores causality (causal effectual), which analyzes the relationship between Ta’lim Muta’alim understanding variable and santri character at Nurussalam Islamic Modern Boarding School Medangasem Jayakerta Karawang. The results showed that Ta’lim Muta’alim understanding positively and significantly 20,3% influence the santri’s character which suported all of member of boarding school, especially kyai, teachers and santri can run the teaching-learning process. Keyword : Education, Ta’lim Muta’alim, Santri Character.
Herman Yoseph Sriyana, Ronny Windu Sudrajat
Jurnal Inovasi Teknik Kimia, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/inteka.v5i1.3398

Abstract:
Limbah ampas aren di daerah Boja Kabupaten Kendal mengandung kadar cellulose 82,03%. Cellulose ini berpotensi untuk dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku dalam pembuatan resin cat clear ramah lingkungan. Proses pembuatan cat clear dilakukan dengan tiga tahap yaitu proses delignifikasi, proses nitrasi, dan mixing. Proses reaksi dilakukan dalam reaktor yang dilengkapi dengan pengaduk dan pengukur suhu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan kondisi optimum perbandingan campuran castor oil : nitrocellulose (0,5:1; 1:1; 1;2; 1:3; 1:4; 1: 5) dan Jumlah Co-Naphtenate : 0,5%; 1%, 1,5%; 2%, 2,5 % untuk mendapatkan cat clear paling baik dilihat dari karakteristik gloss level,drying time dan daya lekat. Hasil aplikasi cat clear pada panel kayu menunjukkan bahawa perbandingan campuran castor oil : nitrocellulose (1:5) dengan tambahan Co-Naftanet 2,5%, memberikan hasil gloss level terbaik 78,5, drying time 32 menit dan .daya lekat 0 (tidak ada yang mengelupas). Kata kunci: Limbah ampas aren, cat clear, gloss level, drying time, daya lekat.
Ahmad Shobib
Jurnal Inovasi Teknik Kimia, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/inteka.v5i1.3399

Abstract:
Cow manure can be used for making organic fertilizer because it contains nutrients such as Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K). Rice straw has a high C-Organic content. Adding straw compost will increase soil organic matter content. The study aims to determine the fermentation process that occurs so as to produce organic fertilize, know the effect of fermentation time and the effect of the composition of raw materials for cow manure and rice straw on the process of making organic fertilizer to the content of organic fertilizer according to SNI 7603 : 2018. The method use by aerobic fermentation is by mixing cow manure and rice straw and M-Dec bioactivators by comparison 3 : 1, 2 : 2,1 : 3 and fermentation time 7, 14, 21, 28 days. The parameters tested are C-organic, Nitrogen (N), C/N ratio, Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K). The best quality organic fertilizer in the treatment of cow manure : rice straw with a ratio of 2 : 2 on the 28th day fermentation process namely C-organic content 34,63 %, C/N ratio is 25, macro nutrient content N+P2O5+K2O of 3,14 % that has met SNI 7763 : 2018. Keyword: M-Dec bioactivator, aerobic fermentation, cow manure, rice straw, C/N ratio
Silvia Rahmi Ekasari
Jurnal Inovasi Teknik Kimia, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/inteka.v5i1.3394

Abstract:
Minyak atsiri yang berasal dari daun jeruk purut disebut combava petitgrain banyak digunakan dalam industri makanan, minuman, farmasi, flavor, parfum, pewarna dan lain-lain. Misalnya dalam industri pangan banyak digunakan sebagai pemberi cita rasa dalam produk-produk olahan. Sifat tersebut disebabkan kandungan zat aktif aromatis di dalamnya. Jika zat atau komponen aktif tersebut dipisahkan dengan cara diekstrak, baik dengan pelarut tertentu (misalnya etanol dan n-heksan)maupun penyulingan (destilasi) hasilnya masing-masing dikenal dengan nama oleoresin atau minyak atsiri. Dalam percobaan ini dilakukan proses pengambilan minyak atsiri dengan metode destilasi uap, destilasi air, dan ekstraksi soxhlet menggunakan pelarut n-heksan dalam skala laboratorium serta menganalisa kadar geraniol dan sitronelal dalam minyak atsiri daun jeruk purut (Citrus hystrix). Dari hasil percobaan dapat diketahui bahwa lama penyulingan dan cara pengambilan minyak atsiri dari daun jeruk purut memberi pengaruh nyata terhadap rendemen, densitas, total geraniol dan total sitronelal; lama penyulingan yang terlalu lama (di atas 2,5 jam) dengan jumlah bahan 50 gr akan menurunkan mutu rendemen yang dikehendaki; Minyak daun jeruk purut dalam penelitian ini memenuhi standart mutu eksport, menghasilkan rendemen 1,336 - 1,522 dengan kandungan geraniol 0,89 - 2,21% dan sitronelal 5,44 - 7,29%. Kata kunci: daun jeruk purut, destilasi uap, destilasi air, ekstraksi, geraniol, sitronelal.
Indah Riwayati, Ahmad Choirul Anam, Farikha Maharani
Jurnal Inovasi Teknik Kimia, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/inteka.v5i1.3402

Abstract:
Kulit singkong merupakan limbah dari industri tepung tapioka yang belum dimanfaatkan dengan maksimal. Padahal kulit singkong ini mempunyai kandungan gizi yang tidak kalah dengan singkong nya, sehingga mempunyai potensi untuk dimanfaatkan dengan cara diolah menjadi tepung. Pemanfaatan tepung kulit singkong sebagai bahan pangan terkendala dengan karakteristik bahan yang tidak memenuhi kebutuhan untuk dibuat menjadi produk tertentu. Oleh karena itu diperlukan proses modifikasi sebelum dapat dimanfaatkan secara maksimal sebagai bahan produk makanan. Salah satu metode modifikasi tepung adalah dengan Heat Moisture Treatment (HMT). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa pengaruh suhu dan lama waktu perlakuan HMT pada tepung kulit singkong terhadap sifat kelarutan dan swelling power. Teknik Heat Moisture Treatment dipakai untuk memodifikasi tepung kulit singkong ini agar tepung yang dihasilkan menjadi lebih baik lagi, dengan variable suhu 90oC ,100oC ,110oC dan lama pemanasan 1 jam, 2 jam, 3 jam, 4 jam, 5 jam, dengan kadar air awal 28%. Kemudian dilakukan analisa swelling power, sollubility dan analisa proksimat, dari hasil analisa didapatkan hasil swelling power dan sollubility nya menurun dari tepung kulit singkong alami. Hasil solubility dan swelling power terendah yang diperoleh pada penelitian ini diperoleh pada suhu 1000C waktu 5 jam dengan solubility sebesar 6% dan swelling power sebesar 9,4. Kata kunci: Kulit singkong,Tepung modifikasi, Heat Moisture Treatment
Inggil Anggita Kambali Putri, Indah Riwayati, Farikha Maharani
Jurnal Inovasi Teknik Kimia, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/inteka.v5i1.3400

Abstract:
Beluntas (Pluchea Indica Less) merupakan tanaman liar yang ditanam sebagai tanaman pagar. Berdasarkan hasil dari penelitian sebelumnya ekstrak tumbuhan ini mengandung senyawa yang berfungsi sebagai obat karena mempunyai sifat-sifat antivirus, antikanker,antijamur dan antibakteri. Sifat antibakteri dan antijamur ini berasal dari kandungan senyawa Flavonoid. Ekstraksi dengan bantuan gelombang mikro merupakan proses yang relatif lebih unggul jika dibandingkan dengan metode konversional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh variabel rasio umpan-pelarut, daya dan waktu proses ekstraksi flavonoid dari daun beluntas dengan bantuan gelombang mikro. Percobaan dilakukan dengan variabel rasio-pelarut 1:10, 1:15, 1:20, variabel daya 30%, 50%, 70% daya maksimum alat (399 watt), dan variabel waktu 4 menit, 6 menit, 8 menit. Hasil percobaan menunjukan bahwa ketiga variabel berpengaruh terhadap konsentrasi flavonoid hasil ekstraksi. Secara umum meningkat seiring kenaikan ketiga variabel sampai maksimum di titik tertentu, kemudian turun. Konsentrasi maksimum diperoleh pada variabel umpan-pelarut, daya, waktu berturut-turut sebesar 1:15, 50% dan 6 menit dengan hasil flavonoid sebesar 11,907 mg/ml. Kata kunci: flavonoid, ekstrak beluntas, Gelombang mikro
Indah Hartati, Sinta Ariyani, Hani Haswati, Habib Abdun Nafik, Dyah Yuliana Zulfa
Jurnal Inovasi Teknik Kimia, Volume 5; doi:10.31942/inteka.v5i1.3401

Abstract:
Keluasan spectrum potensi produk yang dapat dihasilkan dari proses biorefineri biomassa berlignoselulosa telah merupakan unsur pendorong utama berkembangnya penelitian serta publikasi ilmiah dengan topik biorefineri lignoselulosa. Artikel ini disusun dengan tujuan menganalisa bibliometri publikasi ilmiah dengan topik biorefineri biomassa berlignoselulosa yang diterbitkan pada berbagai jurnal yang terindeks scopus pada tahun 2000-2019. Analisa bibliometrik dilakukan menggunakan VOSviewer untuk menganalisa co-authorship berdasarkan nama penulis dan afiliasi penulis, serta analisa co-occurrence berdasar kata kunci. Hasil analisa bibliometrik ditampilkan menggunakan visualisasi jaringan, hamparan dan kerapatan. Hasil analisa bibliometrik terkait kekuatan tautan kolaborasi penulis berdasarkan afiliasinya, berdasar nama penulisnya serta kekuatan tautan kemunculan kata kunci pada publikasi publikasi ilmiah dengan topik biorefineri biomassa berlignoselulosa yang diterbitkan pada berbagai jurnal yang terindeks scopus pada tahun 2000-2019 disajikan dalam artikel ini. Hasil kajian menunjukkan jika kekuatan tautan kolaborasi penulis didominasi oleh kolaborasi antara penulis yang berafiliasi dari negara China dan Amerika. Hasil analisa bibliometri menggunakan VOSviewer juga mampu menampilkan kekuatan tautan kolaborasi penulisan artikel yang memiliki lebih dari 15 dokumen publikasi ilmiah adalah Bao, J dan Zhang, J. Visualisasi kerapatan serta visualisasi hamparan kekuatan tautan kata kunci mampu memberikan gambaran kecenderungan fokus penelitian bertema biorefineri biomassa berlignoselulosa yang telah dilakukan dari tahun 2000-2019. Kata kunci: bibliometrik, biorefineri, lignoselulosa, VOSviewer, Scopus
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