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Susilawati Susilawati, Suswati Suswati, Yuni Syahputri
Published: 9 September 2021
Pelita Masyarakat, Volume 3, pp 66-82; https://doi.org/10.31289/pelitamasyarakat.v3i1.5820

Abstract:
Desa Namombelin merupakan bagian terkecil dari sistem pemerintahan administratif di Indonesia. Setiap desa memiliki tuntutan untuk mengikuti perkembangan teknologi informasi (TIK) dan sistem informasi dalam mendukung pengelolaan layanan data dan informasi desa, hal ini tertuang dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 6 Tahun 2014 tentang Desa Pasal 86. Permasalahan Desa Namobelin saat ini adalah sistem pelayanan data dan informasi desa masih dilakukan secara konvensional, belum memanfaatkan sistem informasi manajemen (SIM). Hal ini disebabkan karena perangkat desa belum menyadari pentingnya pemanfaatan SIM dalam menyelenggarakan pengelolaan layanan data dan informasi desa kepada masyarakat. Akibatnya distribusi informasi kepada masyarakat menjadi lambat, dan belum terwujudnya transparansi kegiatan desa. Meskipun saat ini kantor pelayanan administrasi desa telah dilengkapi dengan perangkat komputer dan infrastruktur jaringan kompute, akan tetapi belum digunakan untuk pelayanan kepada masyarakat secara optimal. Kegiatan ini bertujuan untuk membuat dan menerapkan Website desa sebagai solusi sistem informasi desa (SID). Empat tahapan kegiatan yang dilakukan dalam kegiatan ini yaitu tahap persiapan, tahap pelaksanaan, tahap pendampingan dan tahap evaluasi. Luaran kegiatan ini diharapkan adanya penerapan SID desa Namombelin untuk menyajikan layanan data dan informasi desa kepada masyarakat.
Evi Yunita Kurniaty, Indra Muda, Bebby Masitho Batubara, Bahrum Jamil, Agung Suharyanto
Published: 9 September 2021
Pelita Masyarakat, Volume 3, pp 6-16; https://doi.org/10.31289/pelitamasyarakat.v3i1.5526

Abstract:
Community service activities are one of the activities that aim to assist the government in realizing a stable condition of peace and order in society that will encourage the creation of national stability which will ensure the smooth running of governance and the implementation of national development. The problems raised in this service are: (1) How is the existence of the Peace and Order Section in supporting local government programs in the Lubuk Pakam District, Deli Serdang Regency, (2) What efforts are made by the Peace and Order Section in carrying out their duties? the main tasks and functions, (3) What are the obstacles and obstacles faced by the Section for Peace and Order and how to overcome them. The results of this service show that the main tasks and functions of the Section for Peace and Order play an important role in assisting the main tasks of the Camat and Regional Heads ( Regent) in enforcing and implementing local government programs in the field of public peace and order at the sub-district level. One of them is to carry out routine patrol activities from morning, afternoon, to evening alternately. The efforts made and the obstacles faced and how to overcome them are divided into several fields, namely: the field of institutions, the field of networking, the field of counseling, the field of operations, the field of action, and ending with the field of routine anticipation.
Zulfikar Sembiring, Susilawati Susilawati, Yudi Daeng Polewangi
Published: 9 September 2021
Pelita Masyarakat, Volume 3, pp 55-65; https://doi.org/10.31289/pelitamasyarakat.v3i1.5819

Abstract:
Small and Medium Enterprises have a big enough role for the welfare of society. This sector is able to absorb a large enough workforce and provide opportunities for SMEs to develop and compete with companies that tend to use large capital (capital intensive). The purpose of this activity is to improve aspects of marketing management that have an impact on increasing sales. The object of this activity is the clay pottery ceramics business in Wonosari Village, Tanjung Morawa District, Deli Serdang Regency. The main problem for partners is that partners do not focus too much on marketing management, relying more on conventional marketing systems such as ordering goods, safekeeping at the nearest store, and selling in their own stores whose position is not too strategic, causing stagnant product sales. The proposed solution is to apply management and marketing techniques for partner products using internet media such as websites and social media. The output targets of this partnership program are: 1) increasing understanding of the importance of technology to business; 2) capacity building in internet technology management; 3) increase in market absorption; 4) Improved communication skills for partners in managing websites and Social Media Marketing, namely the ability of partners to communicate products and product brands so that they have a list of regular customers on the website who have the potential to purchase products on an ongoing basis; 5) increase in partner sales turnover.
Kamaluddin Lubis, Ninny A. Siregar, Nuril Mahda, Nela Permata Sari Lubis
Published: 9 September 2021
Pelita Masyarakat, Volume 3, pp 17-23; https://doi.org/10.31289/pelitamasyarakat.v3i1.5609

Abstract:
Around our environment it is very easy to find plastic waste, in rivers and gutters this will have a negative impact because plastic waste is very difficult to decompose by the soil, it takes tens of years or even hundreds of years. Seeing this, the team through the Community Service (PKM) program was interested in using plastic waste as an effort to recycle waste to protect environmental damage. This PKM provides about how to chop plastic as an alternative effort in recycling waste from materials that are neglected by the community into product materials with high material value. it has a positive impact on promising plastics business community entrepreneurs. With the opening of these new business fields, the community can open new business fields and prevent the environment from polluting the soil, and the Go Green campaign
Gatot Suparmanto, Ika Subekti Wulandari
Published: 9 September 2021
Pelita Masyarakat, Volume 3, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.31289/pelitamasyarakat.v3i1.5580

Abstract:
Earthquakes in Indonesia cause physical damage as well as fatalities, high mortality rates and disability when an earthquake occurs, it is necessary to reduce or prevent it by increasing people's knowledge and skills about how to evacuate during an earthquake. Earthquakes that are not resolved with resilience and lack of human resources that can handle earthquakes from pre-disaster, during disaster and post-disaster. Earthquakes are caused by the movement of the Earth's crust (Earth's plates). The frequency of a region, refers to the type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. Earthquakes are measured using a seismometer. Moment magnitude is the most common scale where earthquakes occur throughout the world so that the community is demanded to be prepared, one of which is evacuation during a disaster which is held by evacuation counseling in Wonorejo Village, Karanganyar. earthquake with pre-test data 75% of the residents did not know and after counseling and post-testing it was found that 90% of the residents understood the skills and knowledge of evacuation during an earthquake. with the lack of knowledge and skills of residents regarding evacuation during an earthquake, it is very appropriate for residents to understand when an earthquake occurs
Heriyati Chrisna, Hernawaty Hernawaty, Noviani Noviani
Published: 9 September 2021
Pelita Masyarakat, Volume 3, pp 24-31; https://doi.org/10.31289/pelitamasyarakat.v3i1.5634

Abstract:
This community service was carried out in the Majelis Taklim Istiqomah which is a maternal recitation group in Tanjung Sari Medan Village. This pemeral in the Majelis Taklim Istiqomah departed from the results of the research that had been carried out. The results of the study proved that the factors that included revenue, religiusity and knowledge had a positive and significant effect on the interest in cash in the congregation of the Majelis Taklim Istiqomah while the subjective norm factor had a negative and insignificant effect on the interest in cash in the congregation of the Majelis Taklim Istiqomah. Simultaneously, income factors, subjective norms, religiosity and knowledge influence the interest in working in cash in the jamaah Majelis Taklim Istiqomah. Revenue factors, subjective norms, religiusity and knowledge are able to explain the interest in cash in the pilgrims of the Majelis Taklim Istiqomah amounted to 65.6% while the remaining 34.4% is explained by other factors or variables which are not included in this study. From the initial observation and interview results with some members of the recitation and reinforced with the results of the research can be taken by a conclusion that the knowledge of the mothers of taklim assemblies about cash waqf still very low, can even be said to be very low, because they still argue that waqf only in the form of mosques, graves or schools. From these problems, the service team has socialized the cash waqf in the mothers of Majelis Taklim Istiqomah, and the socialization went smoothly and followed by being very enthusiastic about the the mothers of Majelis Taklim Istiqomah.
Adam Adam, Nina Siti Salmaniah Siregar, Armansyah Matondang, Nina Angelia, Yurial Arief Lubis
Published: 9 September 2021
Pelita Masyarakat, Volume 3, pp 32-42; https://doi.org/10.31289/pelitamasyarakat.v3i1.5713

Abstract:
Community service activities are one of the activities that aim to assist the government in improving Good Government. Community participation is still very low in implementing the principles of good government. Yet society is a very important part of these principles. Because the role of the community is still very low, community service is held in the form of counseling and socialization about the importance of community participation in improving good government. To realize a civil society, good governance is needed, both at the center and at the local level so that they can work well together so that the goals desired by the community are carried out, and this is not the task of the central government alone but the government under it starting from the village government and local government. that is what we know as the implications of village autonomy. The village community is expected to become a useful community, especially in the process of administering government (at the village level in particular). Because the participation of the village community is a real embodiment of Good governance. This kind of society will be solid and actively participate in determining various government policies. In addition, this kind of society will also carry out an effective supervisory function in the implementation of government administration. If the community is not yet effective in front of the government and there are still many social problems in it such as conflict and group anarchism, it is very unlikely that Good governance can be implemented.
Roni Gunawan, Dahrul Siregar, Sulaiman Sulaiman
Published: 9 September 2021
Pelita Masyarakat, Volume 3, pp 43-54; https://doi.org/10.31289/pelitamasyarakat.v3i1.5801

Abstract:
Pandemi Corona Virues Disease 2019 (Covid-19) berdampak besar pada semua sector, kesehatan dan ekonomi merupakan sector yang sangat terdampak. Pada tingkat desa terdapat kelompok masyarakat yang sudah sejak lama berkembang yaitu Posyandu. Permasalahan yang terjadi pada kebanyak Posyandu termasuk pada mitra adalah rendahnya kinerja kader Posyandu karena ekonomi keluarga yang lemah sehingga Posyandu tidak menjadi prioritas. Selain itu Posyandu juga kerap mengalami kekurangan biaya untuk pelaksanaan Imunisasi bulanan. Kader Posyandu yang aktif akan dilatih untuk memiliki satu jenis usaha yang dikelola secara bersama yang keuntungannya selain untuk kader juga digunakan untuk membantu pembiayaan pelaksanaan Posyandu setiap bulannya. Wirausaha pada Posyandu diharapkan dapat menyelesaikan masalah ekonomi dan kesehatan tingkat keluarga di setiap desa. Kegiatan yang dilakukan untuk mencapai target antara lain, penentuan jenis produk, penyerahan alat produksi, pelatihan produksi, pendampingan merek dan logo, pendampingan pembuatan label dan kemasan, pendampingan produksi, pendampingan penentuan pasar, pelatihan dan pendampingan pencatatan keuangan, pendampingan pengurusan IUMK dan NIB, pendampingan pembuatan konten promosi. Hasil Kegiatan ini antara lain, adanya pendapatan yang dimiliki oleh kader Posyandu, dimana sebelumnya kader tidak punya pendapatan, kegiatan ini juga berhasil menghasilkan peningkatan pengetahuan kader dalam mengelola bisnis, kader juga memiliki ketrampilan dalam membuat produk serta melakukan pencatatan keuangan usaha, kegiatan ini sudah mampu memberikan pendapatan rutin bulanan kepada kader Posyandu, dimana kondisi sebelumnya kader Posyandu tidak punya penghasilan tambahan. Posyandu mendapatkan dana tambahan untuk Pembelian PMT & Kader mendapatkan pendapatan tambahan bulanan
Dimas Kurnianto, Badaruddin Badaruddin, Humaizi Humaizi
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 383-390; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4512

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the sustainability of the ex-PNPM Independent Rural Women's Savings and Loan (SPP) in improving the economy of the Sei Rampah sub-district community. Methodologically, this research uses qualitative methods with a descriptive approach. Data collection techniques are interviews, focused group discussions (FGD), and observation of the processes and results of SPP activities in Sei Rampah sub-district and collect secondary data in the form of literature studies on literature, documents, scientific writings and similar research studies related to the problem research. Data analysis was performed by reducing data, presenting data and drawing conclusions. The result of this research is that the sustainability of SPP Ex PNPM MPd funds is still continuing and developing very well with significant benefits for improving the economy of the poor. The institution that manages the SPP ex PNPM MPd fund is the BKAD which is reorganized through inter-village deliberations which are determined as joint decisions of the village head. The BKAD institutional status is still ad hoc and has not been transformed into a legal entity. The Ex-PNPM MPD Women's Savings and Loans Program (SPP) has not joined into a business unit within the Joint BUMDesa so that business development has not been maximized and utilization and loans have not been evenly distributed to all poor households.
Febrin Dwi Gloria Tampubolon, Muryanto Amin, Hendra Harahap
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 399-415; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4601

Abstract:
The election organizer is obliged to implement every principle in the election. The online National Counting System (Situng) is one of a series of election organizer activities in fulfilling the principle of openness to the public. Improving the quality of service in the General Election aims to increase public trust in the implementation of elections. According to Nunkoo, the principles of transparency and knowledge must be possessed by activity organizers in an effort to increase public trust. Research with this quantitative method looks at how much influence the online national counting system (situng) information (study of the 2019 Election results) has with a study on the people of Medan City. The findings in this study indicate that the process of transparency and increasing knowledge of the people of Medan City has significantly shaped Public Trust in the 2019 Election. The act of transparency has a bigger effect than increasing knowledge of online counting. Given the large role of transparency in shaping public trust in Medan City, this activity needs to be further enhanced to provide a better understanding to the public. And it does not rule out that online situng can increase public knowledge in the electoral field. Situng online is also expected to be an extension of the General Election Commission (KPU) in increasing public knowledge as a basis for experience in the election.
Martinus Laia, Heri Kusmanto, Warjio Warjio
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 416-423; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4602

Abstract:
In the 2019 simultaneous general elections held throughout Indonesia, the level of community participation in the lolomatua sub-district, Kabuparen South Nias, especially in the legislative elections reached 76% who had exercised their voting rights. This study aims to analyze the influence of money politics and socio-economic status on the level of participation. The theories used to explain the problems in this study are money politics, political exchange, political behavior, rational choice, socioeconomic status and participation. Furthermore, the research method used is a quantitative method with a descriptive approach which intends to explain the causal relationship and the influence between variables through hypothesis testing. The number of samples in this study were 100 respondents with a margin of error (error margin) of 10%. In the 2019 legislative elections, especially in the Lolomatua sub-district, money politics and the level of community participation had a positive influence and had a significant effect and the socio-economic status and level of participation had a positive and significant impact. Furthermore, the magnitude of the influence of money politics and socio-economic status together / simultaneously is 57%, which means that it has a strong influence on the level of public participation in voting.
Sri Rahayu, Arif Nasution, Arifin Saleh
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 424-440; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4603

Abstract:
The electability of women as Members of the Medan City DPRD in the 2019 Election is still not as expected, namely only reaching 12% of the minimum 30% stipulated by law. This study aims to determine what factors influence the electability of women in the Electoral District 3 DPRD Medan City in the 2019 Election. This research uses quantitative methods. The method of determining the sample using the Slovin formula. The sampling method used was proportional stratification random technique (startified proportional random sampling), obtained 100 samples from 192,315 populations. The data collection method is done by distributing questionnaires to respondents. The data analysis method used multiple linear regression using SPSS 25 software. The results showed that the variables of gender, ethnicity and physical appearance had a significant effect on women's electability in the election area 3 DPRD Medan City. Based on the results of multiple linear regression analysis tests and partial tests, the physical appearance variable (physival appearance) became the dominant factor in increasing the electability of women compared to the gender (gender) and ethnicity (ethnicity) variables which were 0.622.
Nurlaina Nurlaina, Muryanto Amin, Warjio Warjio
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 441-449; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4604

Abstract:
This research explains the change in the nomination quota for members of the Provincial DPRD (DPRA) and Regency / City DPRD (DPRK) members for local political parties in the 2019 Election in Aceh Province from a quota of 100 percent to 120 percent based on the number of seats that have been assigned to each electoral district, because the provisions of the LoGA stipulated in the Aceh Qanun are different from the national provisions. The change in the quota cannot be separated from the influence of requests made by DPRA members who are cadres of one of the local political parties. As a political actor at the local level, this request is supported by various motives. To analyze motives, the researchers looked at the reasons local actors asked for changes in nomination quotas. This research is a type of qualitative research by collecting data through interviews, observation and library data, then the data that has been obtained is analyzed by content. Research findings show that actors use an integrative model to get special treatment for local political parties in the 2019 elections, actor actions in achieving preferences, interactions between institutions and instruments or institutional rules, it is found that apart from maintaining the specificity of Aceh, the request for a 120 percent quota for political parties is found. The local background is also motivated by the motive of the interests of actors and their groups, namely becoming incumbent candidates and accommodating many candidates for DPRA and DPRK candidates from the Aceh Party.
Jessica Leofitri
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 505-514; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4743

Abstract:
This study aims to see how the use of information technology, especially social media and online applications, supports the emergence of this business. The research method in this study uses a qualitative approach and uses a phenomenological methodology through in-depth interviews to see the experience of one of the home-based online business entrepreneurs who built their business during the Covid 19 pandemic. The informant in this study was a 32-year-old woman with a bachelor's degree in economics. informants know quite a lot about marketing techniques. The results show that the most important use of social media is to create electronic word of mouth which is the backbone of the success of home-based online business marketing. Age is also a determining factor in operating an online-based business using this information and communication technology. So, it can be concluded that the use of communication information technology is the main key to the creation of online home-based businesses that were born during the Covid 19 pandemic. Social media, online motorcycle taxi applications, e-commerce are very helpful for home-based online businesses to run their business during the Covid pandemic. 19.
Fadlan Minallah, Lusiana Andariani Lubis, Nurman Achmad
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 527-542; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4765

Abstract:
This research aims to determine and analyze to analyze the quality of service at the Office of the One Roof One-Stop Administration System (SAMSAT) Putri Hijau, Medan Utara. To answer the service quality of Motor Vehicle Tax at the SAMSAT Putri Hijau, the researchers used five dimensions of public service quality proposed by Zeithaml et al in Hardiansyah, namely Tangible, Reliability, Responsiveness. ), Assurance (Guarantee), and Emphaty (Empathy). This study uses a descriptive research method with a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques using interviews, observation, and documentation. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the service quality of the Motor Vehicle Tax (PKB) at the SAMSAT Putri Hijau can be assessed from five dimensions, namely Tangibel, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, and Emphaty, however, there are several indicators. which have not been fulfilled properly, such as regarding the comfort of the place of storage and the existence of discrimination or prioritizing relatives in the motor vehicle tax collection process.
Fadian Nur Aziz, Fathum Mubin, Rizky Juda Putra Hidayat, Asep Nurjaman, Achmad Apriyanto Romadhan, Tri Sulistyaningsih, Yana Syafriyana Hijri
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 616-626; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4905

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze how ICT can change the mechanism of public service innovation and see the success indicators, with an empirical study on the Among Warga application in Batu City. Basically, ICT is a technology that can help reduce government performance, thus making a demand for the dynamics of public service delivery at the regional level. The method used in this research is a qualitative paragraph with a descriptive model in which the researcher looks for key informants or data sources based on facts in the field, and is supported by literature studies.. Referring to the results of the data that have been processed, the researchers found research results that show that the Among Warga application is an online-based complaint service facility which is shown for the people of Batu City in submitting public complaints such as infrastructure damage, fallen trees and natural disasters. However, the Among Warga application's journey has stopped for only one year since it was created in 2017. Meanwhile, the Batu City government is not ready to take advantage of ICT, this is due to the absence of innovative organizational capacity and transformational leadership. Therefore, in this study the authors would like to provide advice to government organizations in building ICT-based innovation concepts, the government is not a single actor, but requires cooperation with the private sector and participation from the community as an indicator..
Ruslaini Ruslaini, Tanti Sugiharti, Diajeng Herika Hermanu, Wahyu Wulandari, Sahala Harahap
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 656-663; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5003

Abstract:
This research aims to find out how the parenting pattern is conducted by Indonesian women who experience mixed marriage where they marry foreign men and live in their husbands’ countries. The research method used is Qualitative with Phenomenological approach. Using Purposive Sampling Technique, five Indonesian women were gathered as informants where 3 of them live in Europe : The United Kingdom, The Netherlands and Germany while 2 others live in Canada. Data collection was conducted using online questionnaire and semi-structured interviews to be further analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to reveal in detail how participants interpreted their personal and social worlds. The results show that participants conduct Democratic parenting style; a combination of appreciation for the individuality of the children and efforts to shape social values gradually. This parenting pattern was formed by building an agreement with their husbands towards their own religions and Indonesian cultures. The country provision and protection of children aged 18 to have the rights to live separately from their parents has encouraged participants to conduct some particular standards for their children. Additionally, the results show that participants managed to conduct similar parenting style held by their parents.
Andi Elkana Ginting, M. Arif Nasution, Heri Kusmanto
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 692-709; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5101

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to know and analyze the recruitment process, the impact of the recruitment pattern of the election organizers at the level of the Voting Organizing Group in Medan Selayang District, Medan City on the Integrity of the 2019 Concurrent General Elections. The form of this research is qualitative research with descriptive analysis, to describe and explains in depth the recruitment pattern of election organizers for the Voting Organizing Group (KPPS) which is the spearhead of the implementation of voting and counting of votes in the 2019 Election. The impact of the recruitment pattern of general election organizers at the KPPS level in Medan Selayang District, Medan City on the Integrity of the General Election Concurrent Years 2019, linked by scrutiny, has had a positive impact. Supervision from Bawaslu that has been getting better, the rules and implementing regulations set by the KPU are detailed. Bawaslu already has a very good system. This supervision plays an important role in its implementation to maintain the code of ethics of the organizers, one of which is integrity. The positive impact is evident from the fact that KPPS Medan Selayang is able to carry out its duties properly, following established procedures and regulations, there are no reports of complaints, either from Bawaslu, witnesses from parties / pairs of candidates, or the public. The election activities were carried out in an orderly and conducive manner, according to schedule, and the counting of votes was transparent. KPPS is wise. The public can exercise their voting rights in an orderly and comfortable manner. TPS locations are well prepared. Good approach and communication with local residents.
Yolanda Harahap, Rahmanita Ginting, Leylia Khairani
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 754-762; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5117

Abstract:
This research aims to analyse the phenomenon of self-disclosure and determine the type of self-disclosure of female Instagram celebrities in Medan as popular culture on Instagram social media. This research uses Self Disclosure Theory and New Media Theory. This research method with qualitative approach. This research uses in-depth interview and observation data collection techniques. Informants in this study were five female Instagram celebrities in Medan, who were selected according to the criteria of the research informant until the information was at its saturation point. The results obtained from this study are female Instagram celebrities in Medan discovering a new perspective on themselves by opening themselves up through the Insta Story feature on Instagram social media, self-disclosure is a job desk for Instagram female Instagram celebrities in Medan, they have pioneered in the trend of opening themselves through the Instagram insta story feature, they are making the pioneers as an example and reference for acting on Instagram social media. The female Instagram celebrities in Medan more often share daily moments than their opinions on updating issues. The moment is about their work or college, a moment of social activity, a moment of hangout, and a vacation moment.
Eko Prasetio, Isnaini Isnaini, Adam Adam
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 710-727; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5176

Abstract:
The implementation of licensing services through Online Single Submission (OSS) at the Binjai City Investment Service and One-Stop Integrated Licensing Service (DPMPPTSP) can still be said to be unsatisfactory because it still has problems in licensing services, especially Construction Services Business Permit (IUJK) services. Problems that are often faced include the completion of the Construction Service Business Permit (IUJK) not on time and business actors do not understand the operation of the OSS system, which results in licensing services through the OSS not yet maximized. This study is to determine the quality of licensing services through OSS at the DPMPPTSP Binjai City and to find out the inhibiting factors for the implementation of licensing through OSS at the Binjai City DPMPPTSP. This research method uses a descriptive method with a qualitative approach. The results of this study indicate the quality of licensing services through OSS at DPMPPTSP of Binjai City which is examined from the dimensions of service quality, namely Tangible, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance ( guarantee), Empathy (empathy) as a whole is considered good but not optimal. The DPMPPTSP Of Binajai City is expected to have a technical team located at the Dinas and Dinas to conduct socialization regarding the use of the OSS system to the public so that the public is able to register their own permits and not through third parties/brokers.
Eka Debora Harianja, R. Hamdani Harahap, Zulkifli Lubis
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 301-312; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4306

Abstract:
Toba Batak culture is very important for the development of Lake Toba tourism in Parapat. Toba 3H Batak culture (Hamoraon, Hagabeon, and Hasangapon) is a culture that is strongly held by the Toba Batak people. And the culture is carried out in daily living habits including the way the Toba Batak people in Parapat treat tourists and if tourists are satisfied, of course there will be tourism development. So in this study will look at the attitudes, attention, actions, and anticipation of tourism actors both local Toba Batak communities, business people and related parties in increasing the development of tourism in Parapat. The methodology used in this research is qualitative research with a descriptive approach. The informants in this study were key informants in this study were tribal chiefs who knew Batak culture well, the main informants in this study were domestic tourists with Toba Batak and foreign tourists who ended up in Parapat and additional informants in this study were business actors and givers tourism services such as traders, hotel entrepreneurs, restaurant entrepreneurs, hotel servants, restaurant servants, parking attendants, etc., and tourism observers and responsible government agencies such as the Tourism Office and BPS The results of this study indicate that Batak Toba culture can have a positive and negative impact on Lake Toba tourism, but in this study it was seen that Batba Toba 3H culture had a negative impact on the development of tourism. It can be seen how the Toba Batak people serve tourists. The obstacles faced are the habit of the Batak Toba people who are very hard and want to be respected, making tourists not want to return to Parapat
Rika Kusdinar, Dewi Inggit Pergiwa
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 313-320; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4368

Abstract:
The purpose of the research that researchers do is to find out the extent of the Implementation of the Family Hope Program in Cisitu District of Sumedang Regency. The method used in this study is a qualitative research method which is used in research based on the philosophy of postpositivism, used to examine the natural conditions of objects, where researchers act as key instruments, data collection techniques are carried out by triangulation (combined), data analysis is inductive, and qualitative research results emphasize more meaning than generalization. The technique used in taking samples is to use purposive sampling, which is sampling based on needs, so the samples in this study were 4 people. As for what is determined to be the informant in this study are the executors who are considered to have authority, information, and are involved in implementation of the Family Hope Program in Cisitu District of Sumedang Regency. Based on the results of the study, the researchers can describe that the Implementation of the Family Hope Program in Cisitu District of Sumedang Regency can be side to be quite well run according to the success factor of the implementation. But on the other hand there are problems related to facilities, both facilities and infrastructure provided are not yet fully adequate, there are still many shortcomings, this is because the government and the organizers only provide basic facilities.
Listiyono Listiyono, Humaizi Humaizi, Heri Kusmanto
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 352-370; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4469

Abstract:
In terms of fulfilling the rights and obligations of the residents of Langkat Regency in the field of civil registration of birth certificates, a comprehensive arrangement is needed to serve as guidelines and guidelines for all government officials in Langkat Regency. As the Minister of Home Affairs Instruction Number 470/837 / SJ 07 concerning the Administration of a Conscious Indonesia Movement (GISA) which aims to increase public awareness in the field of population administration, effective and efficient government and a competitive state. The local government is expected to fully support the program by creating an ideal ecosystem. This study aims to see the implementation of the Administrative Awareness Movement program in accelerating ownership of birth certificates aged 0-18 years in Langkat Regency. In this study, the research methodology used by the writers was a descriptive research method with a qualitative approach with the intention of focusing on the problems or phenomena that existed at the time the research was carried out. Key research informants were the Head of the Population and Civil Registry Office and the Head of the Civil Registration Division. Based on the results of the presentation and analysis of the data, it can be concluded that the implementation of the Administration Awareness Indonesia Movement program in accelerating the ownership of birth certificates aged 0-18 years in Langkat Regency is still not optimal, such as the communication process has not been maximal, limited resources, no budget for the program and there is a transition of structural officials.
Adi Saputro, Taufiequrrohman Taufiequrrohman
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 450-466; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4612

Abstract:
In the framework of international politics, the economic dimension has a central role in relations between countries. The economic dimension, particularly investment, is a determinant factor and often becomes a global measure in achieving national development. This has also become President Jokowi's big ambition since he came to power in Indonesia. Various investments were brought in in the framework of national development and the implementation of the Nawa Cita ideals. The foreign policy which is very inclined to attract investors continues. Deregulation of domestic policies was also carried out in order to welcome investment. However, in fact, the investment that Jokowi brought and carried out did not change the lives of Indonesian people. Economic growth predicted to skyrocket has actually stagnated in the 5 years of his reign. The absorption of labor has also decreased. Not to mention other problems caused by the investment made.
Andi Subandi, Dwi Noerjoedianto
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 475-480; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4662

Abstract:
This study aims to see the density of patient visits at the Raden Mattaher Regional Hospital by using the National Emergency Department Overcrowded Scale (Nedocs). The method used in this study is an analytical survey to assess the role and function of an emergency room management and to analyze the management of patients in the emergency room at the Raden Mattaher Regional General Hospital (RSUD), Jambi Province. The results of this study indicate the average overcrowded rating in the ER at Raden Mattaher Hospital Jambi, which is in the range of 61-100 with the assessment category Very busy but not too full (extremely busy but not overcrowded). According to the Ministry of Health, the calculation of the need for human resources for nurses, the number of nurses in the ER at Raden Mattaher Hospital is short of 4 people, and not all of them are emergency certified. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that the policy decision making has been implemented but it has not been implemented properly. Furthermore, regarding the density in the emergency room during patient visits, the Raden Mattaher Regional Hospital provides a step solution to hospital management.
Muhammad Ardian, Arief Marizki Purba
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 543-554; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4780

Abstract:
This research aims to describe and analyze the implementation of the Poverty Reduction Policy in the Perspective of Political Economy in Medan Belawan District, Medan City. The research method used is descriptive research method with a qualitative approach. The results showed that the implementation of poverty reduction policies in Medan Belawan sub-district from the perspective of political economy has been running quite well. The whole series or process of activities starting from the initial socialization, reflecting on poverty, implementing the program, monitoring the program all went quite well. The success of the Poverty Reduction Policy is greatly supported by the effectiveness of the implementing organizations in providing learning, mentoring, independence, for the poor. The obstacle that occurs in the implementation of this policy is that there are still poor people, most of whom are traditional fishing workers who have not received the benefits of assistance programs from the Government. This caused some of their children to drop out of school to work to help their parents.
Ralvin Januar Wijaya, Bernard Danu Kristianto, , Sugeng Wahyudi
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 599-608; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4863

Abstract:
Online media in the era of digitalization has become an alternative choice for people in seeking information to replace conventional mass media. This study aims to see the relationship of online media in the development of tourist destinations in Gedung Juang45 in Bekasi Regency. This research uses a qualitative descriptive method, with the Pan and Kosicki framing analysis technique. The online media studied was Tribunnews to see news narratives in the 2019 to 2020 period using discourse analysis. News was analyzed by selecting topics related to the development of the Gedung Juang45 in Bekasi Regency on the Tribunnews Online Media Content. There were two news stories in March and August 2019, which mostly criticized the Bekasi Regency Government (Pemkab. Bekasi). On the other hand, when entering February to December 2020, researchers managed to find 13 supporting news for Pemkab. Bekasi regarding the construction of the Gedung Juang45. The results showed that of the 13 news, there is the same narrative to form the image construction of the Pemkab. Bekasi in increasing tourism, especially the Gedung Juang45 Tourism Destination.
Anugrah P. Telaumbanua, Marlon Marlon, Heri Kusmanto
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 627-643; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4923

Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to analyze the role of the KPU Binjai City in carrying out the RPP in conducting voter education to the public and analyzing the success of the RPP in increasing public voter participation in Binja City in the 2019 Election. This research uses descriptive analysis research, which aims to provide a description of Research subjects based on data from the variables obtained from the group of subjects studied were about RPP in increasing voter participation, which requires a number of data and descriptions qualitatively to support the research results. The results showed that the Binjai KPU in the 2019 election has played a role as a facilitator, socializer to expand information and the election agenda. The RPP of Binjai City in increasing voter participation in the 2019 election. The participation rate increased by 7.92% from 74.34% to 82.26% for Pileg while for the implementation of the 2019 presidential election the participation rate increased by 16.91% from 65.68 % to 82.59%.
Muhammad Fauzi Pulungan, Nina Siti Salmaniah Siregar, Rudi Salam Sinaga
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 763-777; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5224

Abstract:
So the formulation of the problem is how the effectiveness of the performance in the field of development and community empowerment at the East Medan District Head Office, Medan City? What are the obstacles in the field of development and community empowerment at the East Medan District Head Office, Medan City? The research method used in this research is qualitative analysis. Data collection is obtained from interviews, documentation, and observations. With the results of research on the productivity performance of employees in the field of Community Development and Empowerment, the East Medan Sub-district Office, Medan City has been effective. This can be seen in providing services in the form of the Implementation of Village Development Planning Deliberations for Preparation of Work Plans every year. Service quality in the field of Community Development and Empowerment, Medan Timur Sub-district Office, Medan City has not been effective. Responsiveness in the field of Community Development and Empowerment, Medan Timur Sub-district Office, Medan City is considered quite effective in setting goals and objectives to be achieved. Responsibility for Community Development and Empowerment, Medan Timur Sub-district Office, Medan City has been running effectively from the existence of priority programs. The accountability of activities carried out for the community and employees is very responsible and effective. The performance barrier in the field of Community Development and Empowerment is Human Resources. That education has a significant influence on employee performance. The suggestion from this research is to improve the quality by participating in training or coaching in order to increase the insight and motivation of personnel or human resources.
Muhammad Taher Siregar, M. Arif Nasution, Marlon Sihombing
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 678-691; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5155

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to describe and explain the origins, causes and impacts of the emergence of dynastic politics in Mangaledang Lama Village, Portibi District, Padang Lawas Utara Regency. The form of this research is qualitative research with descriptive analysis, to describe and explain in depth the origins, causes and impacts of the dynastic politics. The result of the research states that starting from Daman Huri Siregar who was elected as village head from 2001 - 2011 (two periods), after that there was a desire to rule by passing his power to his own younger brother through the election of the village head. The contributing factor is the ownership of economic capital that is financially stable, has social capital such as a strong network among the community, has symbolic capital, namely the siregar clan which is known as the dominant ruling clan so that when compared to other clans, it is far less in number than the siregar clan. The impact is that power only circulates in the family itself, so that opportunities / opportunities for other people to get rights in the political and governmental sphere are not obtained. Therefore dynastic politics will be very detrimental to others and have an impact on a good system of government and a democratic system because opportunities for people who are capable and capable do not get opportunities in the political process.
Beltahmamero Simamora, Khairunnisah Lubis, Hadiyanti Arini
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 293-300; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4267

Abstract:
The issue of the food crisis sticking out long before the Covid-19 pandemic occurred since 2008 and has become a hot topic discussed by regional and global institutions. The recommendation to maximize the private or corporate sector with the support of global scale financialization to move investment in the field of food production is one of the "goals" of the recommendation to create a large-scale food warehouse called a "food estate". This paper aims to analyze the assumptions of the Food Estate Program in Papua. Discussing the assumption that the assumptions of the offices tend to be late so that the importance level is low, there should be an effort to analyze it before there is a decision making, even if the MIFEE program from the central government. The assumption that the community feels disadvantaged by the existence of the MIFEE program, that the loss of forests due to deforestation and the loss of a foraging culture due to ethnocide has led to the disadvantaged community to give the MIFEE proposal a review. The presence of DPRD and NGOs is weak and only able to slow down the program, not until it is canceled. The government as the upper-right quadrant actor has clear strengths and important assumptions, because it is supported by economic and political plans and is oriented towards economic growth. The conclusion is that the assumption of the offices tends to be late even though the MIFEE program from the central government, the assumption of the people who feel disadvantaged by the existence of the MIFEE program, is that the presence of DPRD and NGOs is weak and it slows down the running of the program. The government as an actor in the right-hand quadrant has clear strengths and important assumptions.
Amrullah Amrullah, Subhilhar Subhilhar, Muryanto Amin
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 321-344; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4426

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to answer the professionalism of the District Election Committee (PPK) in carrying out the adhoc district level recapitulation in carrying out the recapitulation at the sub-district level, in particular the follow-up to the witness's objection makes it possible for various problems that cannot be resolved in the recapitulation at the sub-district level, so that they arise again. at the district level. This study uses the main theory of electoral integrity from Pippa Norris. To explain KDP's professionalism, Gregorius Sahdan's theory of professionalism is used. To see the form of resolution of the witness' objection, the theory of conflict resolution from Spiegel, Novri Susan, and Ralf Dahrendorf will be used. The research findings show that the professionalism of KDP in the recapitulation at the sub-district level is very good in terms of regulatory capacity and implementative capacity. Judging from the administrative capacity, there are still several shortcomings due to reduced accuracy as a result of the very high workload and work intensity of KDP. In addition, the witness's objection in the recapitulation at the sub-district level had been properly accommodated by the PPK based on the provisions of the law and PKPU. The model that was used by the PPK to follow up on the objections of witnesses was discussion (consolidation), recommendations from the District Panwaslu (mediation), and through a lawsuit to the Constitutional Court (arbitration). These methods are applied in stages and conditionally.
Niken Susanawati, Retno Sunu Astuti, Budi Puspo Priyadi, Teuku Afrizal
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 345-351; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4463

Abstract:
The community doesn’t know the benefits and access to information on land value zone maps at the Semarang City Land Office yet, so the sale and purchase transactions that occur still use the Tax Object Selling Value (NJOP) whose value is below the land market price. The information on the prevailing land value zone map is also assessed that there are not in accordance with market prices, thus making the public file a complaint at the Semarang City Land Office. However, the lack of transparency provided made the community less aware of how the complaint procedure was, and the community was not even involved in determining the price on the applicable land value zone map. The purpose of this study was to determine how the management of land value zone map information at the Semarang City Land Office, which is considered to have not been done optimally. The theory used in this study refers to Vane Klasen's public participation and the transparency (policy, easy access, check and balance principle) proposed by Sedarmayanti. This study uses a qualitative approach and the researcher as a key instrument. The results show that the management of land value zone map information at the Semarang City Land Office has not been maximally implemented, that there is still a need to improve the socialization of benefits and the process of complaints about land value zone map information and public participation.
Ade Krisdian Pratama, Badaruddin Badaruddin, Abdul Kadir
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 371-382; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4509

Abstract:
This study was conducted to analyze the role of the Village Consultative Institution (BPD) in monitoring the use of Village Funds in Kuta Pinang Village, Tebing Syahbandar District, Serdang Bedagai Regency. This research uses descriptive qualitative research methods, data collection techniques by conducting literature studies and research in the field. Data analysis was performed by reducing data, presenting data and drawing conclusions. The role of BPD includes three things, namely the role in regulations, organizations / institutions and in individuals. The results showed that the role of the Village Consultative Body (BPD) of Kuta Pinang Village in the supervision of Village Funds by monitoring and auditing financial reports on the use of village funds. The follow-up of the supervision that has been carried out by the BPD which is an evaluation of the performance of the Kuta Pinang village government has also not been available so that the role of supervision has not been optimal. In addition to these aspects, the findings in this study are the obstacles faced by the BPD of Kuta Pinang Village in conducting supervision, namely the lack of community participation in village deliberations, the BPD does not understand the regulations for the use of village funds, BPD resources are still inadequate and inaccurate monitoring documentation, so that the impact on the implementation of supervision is not optimal.
Rukhana Fitriati, Retno Sunu Astuti, Budi Puspo Priyadi, Tengku Afrizal
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 391-398; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4568

Abstract:
The merit system is defined as human resource management based on work performance, competence is a major factor in improving work performance, competence is indispensable in every job both in the private sector and in the government sector, in the government sector, work related to community service is directly carried out by an executive position Therefore, an executive position must have a minimum competency, namely managerial competence. The purpose of this study was to analyze managerial competence, inhibiting factors faced by executors who work at the Semarang Religious Education and Training Center. The research method used is descriptive quantitative with a survey approach to answer the research objectives, namely to analyze the managerial competence of the executive positions and to analyze the inhibiting factors faced by executive positions who work at the Semarang Religious Training Center. The results showed that the managerial competence of the executive positions who worked at the Semarang Religious Education and Training Center was in the medium category and the inhibiting factor was the lack of competency development in increasing knowledge. Recommendations as steps that must be taken by the Semarang Religious Education and Training Center are to increase the competency development of executive positions.
Santi Hariati, Muhammad Arif Nasution, Warjio Warjio
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 467-474; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4616

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze external factors, namely tasks, work environment, and work organization that affect the workload of KPPS in the 2019 General Election in Binjai Utara District, Binjai City. This study uses a quantitative method because it analyzes external factors that affect workload with independent / independent variables (X), in this study are external factors that affect workload, namely tasks (X1), work environment (X2) and work organization (X3). ; The dependent / dependent variable (Y) is the workload of the 2019 Election KPPS officers in Binjai Utara District, Binjai City. The results of the research and discussion obtained by the assignment had a positive and significant effect on the workload of KPPS in the 2019 Election in Binjai Utara District, Binjai City, so that Hypothesis 1 was accepted; the work environment has a positive and significant effect on the workload of KPPS in the 2019 Election in Binjai Utara District, Binjai City, so that Hypothesis 2 is accepted; Work organizations have a positive and significant influence on the workload of KPPS in the 2019 Election in Binjai Utara District, Binjai City, so Hypothesis 3 is accepted. The researcher concluded that the assignment has a positive effect, HaHypothesis 1 is accepted; work environment has an accepted influence. Hypothesis 2; Work organization has a positive influence, HaHypothesis 3 is accepted.
Fachrur Razi Juned, Marlon Sihombing, Abdul Kadir
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 481-497; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4705

Abstract:
One of the requirements to be able to vote is to become a voter on the Final Voters List (DPT). In fact, this list is a classic problem that has never existed, including the DPT for the 2019 Concurrent Elections. Using qualitative methods, this thesis discusses why the DPT for the 2019 Election is still problematic, with the large number of voters in Medan City who vote using their KTP on polling day there are still voters who have not registered in the DPT who can reach more than 10% of the total number of DPT in Medan City and how to solve this problem. Even though Law no. 7/2017 concerning Election for voter registration using the registration registration method, the application of this method has not met the prerequisites. There are at least eleven prerequisites that must be met. The Election Law does not help who is responsible for implementing updating voter data in the post-election period. The current registration and updating formulation is more of an update on the system's ongoing periodic list. A timely voter registration formulation is implemented by the KPU by opening up spaces for cooperation between government agencies and institutions involved in updating population data. With a sustainable system, it is hoped that it can increase the degree of updating of data selectors.
Syahril Syahril, Rasyid Thaha, A.M. Rusli
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 498-504; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4730

Abstract:
This paper aims to examine the bureaucratic pathology of waste management in Sinjai Regency as well as the government's efforts to deal with the pathology that occurs. The type of research used in this research is qualitative which will provide a factual picture of the research objectives. The results showed: the form of pathology found, namely Disfunctions of bureaucracy and Mal-Administration of the government structurally must implement waste management policies, namely the facilities and infrastructure must comply with regulations and the performance of officers who should run according to their duties and functions Efforts that must be made by the government, namely guidance and supervision of the regulations that have been set and contained in the regional regulations of Sinjain Regency number 10 of 2017 must be maximized. The efforts made by the Sinjai Regency government in overcoming the form of bureaucratic pathology faced in the implementation of hygiene policies, namely the lack of guidance, such as education on awareness of cleanliness to the public and supervision of people who are still littering in any place carried out at every level of government starting from the Regency level, the District level to the village level.
Abdi Muliawan Harahap, R. Hamdani Harahap, Heri Kusmanto
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 515-526; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4749

Abstract:
The potential of coastal natural resources in Indonesia is so diverse and should be able to contribute to the economy of the people in Indonesia. The utilization of coastal natural resources depends on how the natural resource management patterns are. Location Desa Sei Nagalawan has coastal natural resources which are also managed by the community for their economic interests. This research was conducted with a mixed method of qualitative and quantitative methods to find out how the pattern of coastal natural resource management in Sei Nagalawan Village. This study wants to see whether the management carried out by the community includes management that adheres to the principles of sustainable development. The results obtained from this study are that the fishing communities who live in the coastal area of Sei Nagalawan Village, Perbaungan District, Serdang Bedagai Regency have an organized management pattern. Management that is done is by taking marine life such as cuttlefish, shrimp, crab and fish which is done in the traditional way. In addition, coastal natural resources are also managed as tourist attractions. The coastal area in Sei Nagalawan Village has mangrove land which is well cared for and managed by the community. Management that is done is by processing the leaves and mangrove fruit for food.
Tasya Maurhena Pusparimba, Yusa Djuyandi, Ratnia Solihah
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 555-561; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4786

Abstract:
This study aims to see the winning strategy of the candidate pairs for Jokowi and Ma'ruf Amin in the 2019 presidential election, especially in terms of political imagery. Using Newman and Shet's theory by looking at reinforcement strategies, rationalization strategies, inducement strategies, and confrontation strategies. The method used is descriptive qualitative research methods through in-depth interviews and literature review. Primary data was obtained through interviews with resource persons, namely the success team and volunteer team for the Indonesia Maju coalition, secondary data consisting of books and related documents. The results showed that the candidate pairs Jokowi and Ma'ruf Amin tried to carry out various strategic tactics in order to present themselves as candidates who had a populist image, were liked, were honest and had a dominant ideology of democratic-socialism.
Zulkifli Zulkifli, Agustrisno Agustrisno, Henry Sitorus
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 562-568; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4800

Abstract:
This research is motivated by a contradictory reality about the life of traditional fishermen. Traditional fishermen have “sacred” zones for fishing activities which are protected by law due to their highest biodiversity and cultural importance to local fishing communities. On the other hand, 76 percent of the traditional fishermen are classified as poor; the level of poverty headcount index (PHI) reaches 32.4 percent. Based on this contradictory situation, 2 (two) important questions arise: what happens in the fishing area of traditional fishermen and whether the poverty experienced by traditional fishermen starst from this fishing ground. This research took place in Bagan Kuala, a village where the majority of the population are traditional fishermen. This study used an ethnographic approach with two data collection tools, which are interviews and observations. It was found that each traditional fisherman in this village has its own fishing grounds and boundaries. The boundary is marked by fish aggregating device (FAD), which also serve its purpose as fish catcher. Some of the FADs have been owned by fishermen for many generations. Outsiders often trespass this fishing ground, particularly at night where they use modern tools like trawl, destroying the fishermen’s FADs. As a result, there are conflicts and also negotiations involving the locals and outsiders who asked for their permission; the catch was divided depending on the agreement. From these findings, it can be concluded that poverty can start from the fishing ground.
Renny Candradewi Puspitarini, Fahrisya Tiko Septiarika, Randy Bramastya
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 569-577; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4850

Abstract:
Paradiplomacy was popular in the early 1980s, when the Quebec City government strengthened cooperation with regional governments of other countries and other state actors in international relations. This phenomenon was studied in depth by diplomacy experts, namely Duchacek and Soldatos, which was later implemented in practice in transnational relations between countries in the world. The same thing was done by the city government of Bandung. The Bandung City Government undergoes the stages of smart collaboration formulation. An important process in paradiplomacy is the occurrence of communication contained in the policy advocacy process of the Seoul City government through the Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) under the Ministry of Economy and Finance of South Korea. This study aims to see the Bandung City government as a subnational government entity conducting diplomacy outside the context of traditional diplomacy, namely paradiplomacy in implementing Smart City cooperation with the City of Seoul in 2016-2019. This research was conducted using a qualitative approach with literature study methods. The literature study method is useful for gathering secondary information needed to support findings in research. This study produces a map of cooperation between the City of Seoul and the City of Bandung which has not been discussed in a similar study using a paradiplomation framework that combines the concepts of Duchacek, Soldatos and Keohane. The cooperation map referred to is an in-depth explanation of the smart city of Bandung which includes Smart Branding, Smart Living, Smart Environment and Smart Government.
Ricky Sofian Hasibuan, Badaruddin Badaruddin, Muryanto Amin
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 578-598; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4854

Abstract:
This research raises the phenomenon of Land and Building Tax Collection in Rural and Urban Areas in Medan Tembung District. In this study, researchers used implementation theory by applying the George C Edward III model implementation. This theory uses 4 variables, namely communication, resources, disposition and bureaucratic structure. If one of these variables is not met, obstacles will be found that cause the PBB-P2 collection process in Medan Tembung District to be ineffective. This study uses a qualitative approach with data observation techniques, interviews, and documentation. Meanwhile, data analysis techniques use data reduction, data presentation, and data collection. The results showed that the implementation of PBB-P2 collection policy in Medan was not yet effective because it did not fulfill all the factors and variables determined by George C. Edward III. Policy implementers are only able to fulfill 1 factor, namely the variable of bureaucratic structure consisting of SOPs and fragmentation only so that it has an impact on the results of realization that have not increased and have actually decreased over the last 3 years. Another obstacle is the low level of public awareness and the unfulfilled variable implementation of the George C Edward III model, such as in the communication factor, there is transmission, clarity, disposition and resources which have not been properly resolved by policy implementers.
Eko Setiawan, R. Nunung Nurwati, Nurliana Cipta Apsari
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 609-615; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4893

Abstract:
Child welfare is the responsibility of the family because the child is part of the family. However, in reality there are still many who neglect their children so that the children's welfare is threatened. Abandoned children need protection to ensure their survival. One of the efforts made in dealing with the problem of neglected children is through an institution-based child service program through child social service institutions. However, institution-based child services have not been optimal in realizing children's welfare. Thus, children who are in institution-based care need to be transferred to family-based care so that the child's welfare can be better. One of the permanent efforts to care for children is through adoption. The method used in this research is mixed methods research method. The design chosen in this study is Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods, the researcher will measure the level of children's welfare with quantitative research first followed by qualitative research. The results of quantitative research regarding the welfare of preschool adopted children show that basically the welfare of adopted children is in the good category. The results of the qualitative research found that the background and reasons or motivation of adoptive parents to adopt an effect on the care of the adopted child so that the child's welfare can be better. Most adoptive parents do not yet have biological children, so the presence of adopted children is a complement to their long-awaited family. The opportunity they get for adoption makes them try to care for, nurture, and treat their adopted child very well. They always pay attention to children's physical development, children's psychological development, children's social development and children's cognitive development so that children's welfare can be achieved.
Shofwan Al Faroqy Hasibuan, R. Hamdani Harahap, Agus Purwoko
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 644-655; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4970

Abstract:
This study is to analyze the role of youth in developing their knowledge of the coffee business to attract tourists to visit the Siamrjarunjung Tourism Area and its surroundings and introduce Simalungun coffee to a wider area so that it is generally known. This study uses a qualitative method. The results of this study, the development of coffee businesses in the Simarjarunjung Tourism Area and its surroundings have followed the current trends in big cities. Coffee entrepreneurs have processed coffee beans from cherries, green beans, roast beans, and have even consumed coffee. Local youth have developed their knowledge on how to manage coffee since 2016. The impact is very visible from the increased income of coffee farmers who previously sold cherries, now they can sell in the form of green beans, roast beans, and even coffee drinks clearly increase income for farmers and coffee entrepreneurs. shop. The development of the coffee shop business has also increased with the development of knowledge of coffee shop business entrepreneurs about contemporary coffee brewing techniques favored by millennials. The role of youth in increasing the selling value of coffee can be seen from the increase in the capacity of youth in understanding coffee management and even making places to enjoy coffee in the Simarjarunjung and Surrounding Tourist Areas, namely coffee shops. There are 6 (six) coffee shops in the Simarjarunjung Tourism Area and its surroundings, each of which is managed by local youths by selling various kinds of coffee products such as green beans, roast beans, and coffee drinks.
Lena Sari Dalimunthe, Humaizi Humaizi, Abdul Kadir
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 664-677; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5059

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the implementation of subsidized fertilizer distribution in the Natambang Roncitan Village, Arse District. This type of research uses qualitative research with descriptive methods. Research informants include the Secretary, Head of Facilities and Infrastructure at the Agriculture Office, Distributors, Retailers, BPP, PPL, and farmer/farmer groups. Data collection techniques using interviews, documentation studies, and data retrieval techniques. The results showed that the implementation of subsidized fertilizer distribution in Natambang Roncitan Village, Arse District was still not optimal due to lack of supervision. Some problems that can still be addressed by the Regional Agriculture Office of South Tapanuli Regency include prices at the farmer/farmer group level that do not match the Highest Retail Price (HET), kiosks that sell to farmers outside their scope of the area, and bureaucracy that is too long in distributing subsidized fertilizers.
Muhammad Ainul Usama, ,
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 728-738; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5187

Abstract:
Public participation is the right and obligation of citizens to contribute to development by contributing to initiative and creativity. Public participation has also attracted a lot of attention from academia as a concept of public policy. The authors conducted a systematic literature review of published articles in the social sciences to enhance our understanding of public participation. Some of the main issues are explained in this area through the NVIVO 12 plus software that qualitative analysis tool. The main issues are community, development, government, information, and interests. This article raises several propositions on the matter. This article suggests some new topics for further research.
Hajar Risa, Badaruddin Badaruddin, Munir Tanjung
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 739-753; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5207

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the implementation, constraints and impact of the implementation of the cash for work program in Karang Gading Village on the poverty of the people of Karang Gading Village, Labuhan Deli District, Deli Serdang Regency. This research uses a qualitative descriptive method, to make descriptions, pictures, or paintings systematically and accurately about the facts, characteristics and relationships between the phenomena being investigated. The results showed that the implementation of the cash for work program from the Karang Gading Village Fund on the concrete rebate activity for sirtu hoarding in Dusun VI for the 2020 fiscal year the results were not optimal, this can be seen from four aspects in accordance with Edward III's theory of communication that is not yet optimal, Resources are inadequate, the Bureaucratic Structure is not completely well organized, and only the Disposition / Attitude is sufficient, the obstacles faced are inadequate human resources, and minor conflicts in the form of protests from villagers who are not empowered as workers or recipients. Village Cash Workforce Wages and rumors circulating that the Village Head and TPK only empower families and relatives as workers / recipients of Village Cash Workforce wages.
Vivian Lora, Bastari Mathon
Published: 28 June 2021
JURNAL MERCATORIA, Volume 14, pp 29-37; https://doi.org/10.31289/mercatoria.v14i1.4242

Abstract:
Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui proses dan gambaran mengenai ketentuan Penelitian Formal serta sekaligus menganalisa pertanggungjawaban Notaris/PPAT apabila timbul kurang bayar PPh Final PHTB. Masalah difokuskan pada peraturan mengenai Penelitian Formal. Guna mendekati masalah ini dipergunakan metode yuridis normatif yaitu menggambarkan, menelaah, dan menganalisis peraturan mengenai Penelitian Formal dan dianalisis secara kualitatif. Kajian ini menyimpulkan bahwa dalam hal terjadi kurang bayar pajak akibat kebenaran harga transakasi yang dicantumkan pada Surat Pernyataan PHTB maka pertanggungjawaban dibebankan kepada Wajib Pajak dan Penanggung Pajak karena kebenaran harga transaksi bukan merupakan tanggung jawab Notaris/PPAT. Kegiatan penelitian formal mengakibatkan penandatanganan akta menjadi tertunda karena penandatanganan akta tidak dapat dilaksanakan sebelum terbit Surat Keterangan Penelitian Formal.
Herdi Munte, Christo Sumurung Tua Sagala
Published: 28 June 2021
JURNAL MERCATORIA, Volume 14, pp 20-28; https://doi.org/10.31289/mercatoria.v14i1.4831

Abstract:
Artikel ini bertujuan untuk untuk mengetahui kedudukan putusan peradilan administrasi negara di Indonesia dan kepastian hukum pelaksanaan putusan peradilan administrasi negara terkait pemilukada. Masalah difokuskan pada kedudukan putusan peradilan administrasi negara dalam konteks negara hukum di Indonesia dan bagaimana kepastian hukum pelaksanaan Putusan Pengadilan Tinggi Tata Usaha Negara Medan Nomor: 6/G/PILKADA/2020/PTTUN-MDN, Guna mendekati masalah ini dipergunakan acuan teori dari Utrecht yaitu Kepastian Hukum dan data-data dikumpulkan melalui studi dokumen dan wawancara yang diperoleh dari perundangan-undangan, putusan hakim, buku, pandangan ahli, artikel/tulisan dan sumber bahan lainnya serta melakukan wawancara dan pendekatan kasus kemudian disusun secara sistimatis selanjutnya dianalisis secara kualitatif sehingga mencapai kejelasan terhadap masalah yang akan dibahas. Kajian ini menyimpulkan bahwa Putusan peradilan administrasi negara yang sudah berkekuatan hukum tetap wajib dilaksanakan dengan cara pencabutan Keputusan yang bersangkutan; atau pencabutan Keputusan yang bersangkutan dan menerbitkan Keputusan yang baru; atau penerbitan Keputusan. Namun kepastian hukum pelaksanaan Putusan Nomor: 6/G/PILKADA/2020/PTTUN-MDN diabaikan oleh Komisi Pemilihan Umum Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai sebab lemahnya sistem eksekusi yang diatur di dalam undang-undang sehingga dapat menimbulkan ketidakpastian hukum.
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