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Seyed Mohammad Hassan Hosseini
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 155-168; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i3.634

Abstract:
This paper attempts to throw into sharp relief my liberal instructional approach, Competitive Team-Based Learning, and shed light on its design, objective, syllabus, materials, and tasks. It also gives a glimpse of the significance of my pedagogical approach for today's world context of globalization, which is characterized by despotism, capitalism, and imperialism. Most importantly, the paper explicates the howabouts of my liberating approach transforming power and highlights its distinguishing features and characteristics with reference to the present methods and approaches like CLT and particularly CL methods.
Nurdin Nurdin, Mohammad Harun, Ramli Ramli
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 95-110; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.639

Abstract:
This research was aimed at describing personal values of character education in Ayah written by Andrea Hirata, a best-seller novel published by PT Bentang Pustaka in 2015. The novel is 396 pages long, divided into 69 chapters. This research is qualitative research with a documentation study design. The data for this research consists of parts of the novel where personal values were found. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis by describing the data, pointing out the personal values, and explaining it in detail, discussing the research results, and drawing conclusions. The research results show that the personal values found in the novel Ayah include honesty, accountability, self-confidence, hard work, independence, love of knowledge, entrepreneurship, and a healthy lifestyle. The values of love of knowledge and hard work are more dominant, which indicates that the author respects those values.
Dina Fitria Hasanah, Sony Sukmawan
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 157-168; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.643

Abstract:
The Tengger community coexists with cultural diversity. Titiluri presents to behold in maintaining cultural wealth. Focusing on what the ancestors have done, titiluri is a bridge in reducing the goodness that has existed since time immemorial. This study used a qualitative approach to the design of ethnography to describe titiluri role in maintaining society's culture Tengger. Through ethnographic design, a holistic description of folkloristic expression is embodied in expressions, speeches, symbolic behaviors that contain the philosophy of titiluri. Data were collected using observation and interviews. As a result, Titiluri is present in every aspect of the Tengger community. As a form of actualization of tradition, the titluri is shown to take place various traditional ceremonies until now as has been done by the ancestors. Besides, titiluri is present in the form of the Tengger community's identity, with inherent self-character, occupation, and dress characteristics. Titluri has the role of conserving the Tengger culture and becomes a principle in maintaining the nobility built by the ancestors so that it can save from the strong exposure of modernization.
Unpris Yastanti, Susilawati Susilawati
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 135-156; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.642

Abstract:
The purposes of this research are to identify the kind of imagery in Taylor Swift song lyrics, how Taylor Swift describes imagery in her song lyrics, and dominant imagery in Taylor Swift song lyrics. This research limited to three songs in the “Reputation” album, those songs are Look What You Made Me Do, Delicate, Gorgeous. This research used a descriptive qualitative method to analyze the data. The results of this research indicate that (1) There are five kinds of imagery, they are visual imagery, auditory imagery, kinesthetic imagery, tactile imagery, and organic imagery in Taylor Swift song lyrics. There are nine visual imagery, one auditory imagery, three kinesthetic imagery, two tactile imagery, 19 organic imagery, and thus the writers found 34 imagery in three song lyrics of Taylor Swift. (2) Taylor Swift prefers to describe feelings, thought, and opinions into song lyrics, therefore the writers found a lot of organic imagery in the song lyrics. (3) There is 19 organic imagery in song lyrics, which is the dominant imagery in the song lyrics of Taylor Swift.
Naushin Nazifa Islam
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 135-154; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i3.633

Abstract:
Along with the subsequent development in the field of English Language Teaching, the idea of methods has been criticized for not being sensitive to the contextual factors and also for being imperialistic in nature. The linguistic and cultural dimensions of archetypal methods establish the culture and language of the native speakers as the only erudite variety by promoting monoculturalism and monolingualism. Furthermore, even in Bangladesh, it can be seen that CLT has been applied as a method to teach English as a foreign/second language since the mid-nineties, but it has not brought any significant changes. Therefore, to overcome the obstacles and limitations experienced by the application of the prototypical methods, the notion of postmethod pedagogy has been introduced which focuses on the significance of contextualized materials to bring authenticity in English language classrooms, which in turn ensures learners’ motivation and successful intake of the lesson. At the same time, it also emphasizes the importance of teacher and learner autonomy. Hence, this research paper explores the scopes of the implementation of postmethod pedagogy and its effectiveness at the tertiary level English language classrooms in Bangladesh.
Muhammad Badrus Sholeh
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 123-134; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.641

Abstract:
In language teaching and learning, there are several methodologies and approaches; one of them is TBL. Since the 1980s, this approach has had the most pedagogical attention in second language pedagogy. TBL is becoming increasingly common worldwide, particularly in English classes in Indonesia. The task's goal is to establish a clear reason for language use and create a natural meaning for language learning. The ideas and principles of TBL have proven to be effective in classrooms. This paper aims to explain why teachers should implement TBL (TBL) in the language classroom and how to implement TBL during classroom instruction. The discussion begins with the introduction and the description of TBL. Then, it goes on TBL characteristics and continues with the approaches, the benefits, and framework of TBL.
Noor Mardliyah
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 199-214; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i3.637

Abstract:
This study aims to find out whether the implementation of TGT can improve students’ speaking ability and activity in grade IX-D of MTs Negeri 2 Kudus. This is a classroom action research. This research was carried out in several cycles. Each cycle consists of planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting. The variables of this study comprise of student achievement and teacher activity. The results showed the teacher's performance increased according to the criteria on the indicator, which was shown in cycle I was sufficient and cycle II to be good. Student activities during learning are very good, in the first cycle with a percentage of 66.67% and the second cycle with a percentage of 93.33%. The students’ speaking achievement is shown by the average of students’ evaluation result in the first cycle (6.85) and the second cycle is 8.63. In the first cycle the students who finished learning were 14 students or 46.67% and those who did not complete as many as 16 students or 53.33%, and classical learning completeness 46.67%. In cycle II there were 30 students who had finished learning and none of them had finished learning, and classical learning completeness was 100.00%. This means that the results of the second cycle evaluation are better (increased) than the first cycle and need not be continued in the next cycle. The learning model of Team Game Tournament (TGT) is relatively high, reaching 81.73%.
Isma Farikha Latifatun Nuzulia, Istiqomah Wulandari
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 169-182; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i3.635

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to define a linguistic framework based on Donald Trump's manuscript at the 2017 General Assembly since Trump is an influential person in the world and it was essential to note how the impact of his speech could have a strong effect on audiences. This research uses a descriptive qualitative approach to analyze and describe the types of lexical cohesion of HallidayHasan (1976) and Renkema's Theory (2004). In regard, the researchers analyze the most frequently known types of lexical cohesion following the analysis of the data and drawing conclusions based on the results. The findings showed that 80 data were found and 36 data included repetitions, 10 synonyms, 2 general terms, 3 superordinates, 10 collocations, 5 hyponymies, 6 antonyms, 27 anaphoras, and no cataphora and metonymy found in this analysis. After analyzing the results, the most dominant type found was repetition, which meant emphasizing their speech to show how powerful the American and show profound admiration for others.
Nuning
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 183-198; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i3.636

Abstract:
This study aims to improve the students’ outcomes in learning to write English procedural texts through the Picture Word Inductive Model (PWIM). The research subjects were 27 students of MTs Negeri 1 Jepara. This research was conducted in 3 cycles in which the students worked in groups of four. In first cycle, the students describe a picture of a certain food or drink menu using the PWIM, while in second cycle the students explain the procedure of making food/drink recipes as in cycle 1. In the third cycle, the students ask for or provide information on food/beverage recipes using the PWIM. Data collection was carried out simultaneously with observation during the action, while the data analysis was carried out simultaneously at the time of reflection on the action. From the results of analysis/reflection, it reveals whether the action will be terminated (if it has reached the target) or continues to achieve the target. The data analysis was performed using the triangulation method. The results showed that there was an increase in student learning outcomes in participating in learning English writing with the PWIM. In the original situation, there were only 8 students (22.22%) out of 27 students who could describe certain objects/people/ places. In the first cycle of action, there were 10 students (37.04%) who could make the procedure text more correctly. In the second cycle, 17 students (62.96%) could write procedural texts correctly. In the third cycle, there was an increase in student learning outcomes. There were 27 students (100%) who could write the procedural text correctly.
Ary Iswanto Wibowo, Sayyid Khairunas
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 111-122; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.640

Abstract:
This research is aimed to find the perception of students on the speaking ability in Public Speaking class during pandemic Covid-19. By communicating to students who are from Public Relation majored, the researchers considered that speaking as a tool of communication should be done intensively. Therefore, within this pandemic teachers and students should change their learning methods from offline face to face to online face to face. The authors stated the problems that the students faced, they are perceptions and difficulties of online public speaking learning. A qualitative method had been used to analyze this case. The authors used the percentage of students as respondents to see the perceptions. The result of this research viewed that students disagree with the online Public Speaking Course. This amount consisted of 35,4% of total respondents that possessed in the second rank. While the first rank with the amount of 36,5% stated hesitation whether should be conducted online or offline. This also made authors and may other researchers to rethink about online Public Speaking Course. Perception, Public Speaking, Online
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 15-24; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.621

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to find out the symbol and theme that was used by Robert Frost in his literary works. It was also to elaborate on his biographical aspect of using symbols and themes in his poem. The method used to make this paper was a qualitative method. The writer also used two approaches to analyze this paper; first, the intrinsic approach consists of the symbol and theme and second, the extrinsic approach is a biographical perspective. The data were collected through library research. The results of this research indicated that the symbol on “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” was related to his nature or everyday life, while the theme on “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” was about the journey. The last, Robert Frost wrote his poem based on his experience of life when he was a teenager.
Ary Iswanto Wibowo,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 25-34; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.622

Abstract:
The research is aimed to find out the speech act classification and types of request strategy from a dialogue of the characters in Tall Girl movie. The method of this study is descriptive qualitative analysis. Data is taken out of all dialogues of the characters and is observed by using theories. In this analysis, the writers found the speech Act Classification and Types of Request Strategy in the Speech Act. The speech act is classified in declaration, representatives, directives, commissives, and expressive. Directives served the dominant form among the five types of illocutionary act mostly expressed their utterance. And as request strategy is typed in mood derivable, explicit performative, hedged performative, locution derivable, want statement, suggestive formula and preparatory. Mood derivable served the dominant form among the other types to deliver their willingness.
Erin Nur Aini, ,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 51-64; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.624

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the speech acts used by Joko Anwar who threatened live Zheng and politeness strategies in the Q&A program: BELAGA“HOLLYWOOD”. A descriptive method with document analysis is used in this study. The results of this study are found five forms of speech acts namely assertive, directive, commissive, expressive and declarative threatening Livi Zheng. Assertive speech acts in the form of complaining are more often used by Joko Anwar when threatening the face or self-image of Livi Zheng. To reduce the threat, indirect politeness strategies or off-record strategies are used by Joko Anwar. Speech with sarcastic messages or criticisms is conveyed with indirectly meaning, this politeness strategy is chosen so that communication can still be carried out without breaking the cooperative relationship between the speaker and the speech partner. This study shows that although there are threats in the speech delivered, with the indirect politeness strategy is also used to maintain the face or self-image in public.
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 14, pp 45-56; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v14i1.609

Abstract:
The purposes of this study are to see teacher performance measured by the conduct of the national leaving exam in Kediri city. The study used a qualitative approach to which content analysis was done. For the in-depth analysis, observation and interviews were completed. After the data were collected, the trustworthiness of data was done by comparing various data. Data were analyzed using the interactive model proposed by Miles and Huberman (1984). Results show that to perform the national leaving exam, principals assigned teachers to well perform since the preparation of curriculum, teaching materials, teaching methods, and assessment tryout, to which the following well-prepared instructional designs were developed: enrichment of teaching materials, addition of teaching hours, learning guidance, tryout of national leaving exam, as well as guidance to mental and spiritual.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 1-14; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.620

Abstract:
The study of motivation has been going around in the educational field for years long, but the issue is there are not many studies that specify in reading motivation, specifically for EFL and/or ESL students. Looking upon this concern, this narrative inquiry study tried to recognize the reasons behind the reading motivation amongst the students, particularly from Blue Star Senior High School, through the Self-determination Theory (SDT) principle from Deci & Ryan (1991) and some other possible social aspects, such as family and peers. It was later found out that in general, Blue Star Senior High School’s students are more likely to be extrinsically motivated when they read and the biggest encouragement to their extrinsic motivation is their social circle. While for our main participants, their past experiences were the ones that played important roles in constructing their motivation, either intrinsically or extrinsically.
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 14, pp 1-18; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v14i1.612

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to: describe the best practice of conducting management model of TSM skill program using Mapping, Exploring, Goal setting, Assessing, PROmoting (MEGA-PRO) concept and prove that management model of TSM skill program using MEGA-PRO concept is able to reduce waiting time students to have income. The method used is qualitative research. The research was conducted at SMK N 8 Purworejo in Central Java. Data were collected by using participatory observation, interviews, and documentation. Data were analyzed by using a four-stage analysis of qualitative data that includes data collection, data reduction, data classification, and conclusion. Based on the results of data analysis can be concluded that: (1) best practice of conducting management model of TSM skill program using MEGA-PRO model is able to improve the knowledge, skill and students’ attitude, and (2) management of TSM program using MEGA-PRO model is able to reduce waiting time students to have income.
Binti Maunah
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 14, pp 1-12; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v14i1.606

Abstract:
The role of family education, school and society are needed to achieve the success of students. Not without reason, the development and influence of the environment today will affect the child's developmental body indirectly will have an impact on his future later. Children are a source of great potential for the continuity and progress of the nation. Literature studies conducted aim to provide an understanding of the importance of the role of partnerships in family education, schools, and communities to shape the character of the nation's children and explain how the process must be carried out to achieve these goals. The results of the study reveal that families have a basic role to educate children and morals. While schools and communities have a companion role. A quality environment and school will influence children's learning process in order to achieve success in their lives.
Siti Juriyah, Yulianto Yulianto, Noverman Duadji
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 14, pp 45-56; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v14i1.610

Abstract:
This study aims to see the effect of dimension of the external perception that includes tools of service, the color of service color, uniqueness or stimulus contrast, individual style to attract attention, and moves or service techniques of both partial or simultaneous service made by employees in the Medical Doctor Faculty of Lampung University. This study applied a correlational design that used a questionnaire to collect data. The sample was recruited by 10% from 771 students of Medical Doctor allowing 91 selected at stratified random sampling. Data were analyzed using inferential statistics of linear regression. The hypothesis was tested using SPSS version 19.0. Results show all hypotheses are rejected concluding that there is a significant effect among tools of services, the color of services, uniqueness or stimulus of contrast, individual attraction, moves or techniques of services partially and simultaneously.
Putri Shinta Hasibuan,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 79-92; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.626

Abstract:
This thesis is analyzing promiscuity on the main character. The purpose of this thesis is to find out and understand how it happened, to look for the two causes and impacts of promiscuity that are described in the novel. The main character is the girl who is a victim of sexual violence by her own uncle. As a result of the vile things done by her uncle, She was involved in a deviation, namely promiscuity. She did promiscuity with lots of boys. The behavior of multiple partners in sexual relations without a commitment relationship (promiscuity) is rarely found in women. Because in general, women engage in sexual relations on the basis of love and as an expression of feelings of love towards their partners. When found by individual women with promiscuity behavior, it becomes interesting to look more deeply. The theory used to analyze is a theory by Kartono and Mcleish. The research methods used in this thesis are qualitative methods and library research. The author collects data from the novel and from several sources of articles, books, and journals that have a relationship with this thesis. The results of this thesis are to reveal the truth that promiscuity can occur in the main character and get causes and impacts in their daily life.
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 14, pp 13-26; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v14i1.607

Abstract:
This study aims to describe: (1) prior and retrospective knowledge, (2) untrained skills, and (3) attitude to be induced as the knowledge, skills, and attitude to support students’ future career. This study used descriptive design and data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results show that practices on career development for vocational schools indicate that (1) the knowledge on capitalization, persuading potential customers, and product efficiency are trained shortly to students, (2) skills to optimalize online media, capitals, banking, and networking for cooperation are not yer trained by the local schools, and (3) few schools provide pieces of training on the benefits of product marketing as the future prospect.
Apandi Apandi
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 14, pp 27-36; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v14i1.608

Abstract:
E-literacy and education are important components in improving the quality of human resources needed in an organization. The purpose of this study is to reveal the importance of e-literacy and public policy education. The State Civil Apparatus (ASN) requires e-literacy and education to improve performance results so that public services can be maximized. This becomes interesting research in the development of science-based on the real events that occur in Indonesia. Where so far, e-literacy and education is only intended for the public, especially millennial generation. The research method used is the study of literature where data is obtained through various secondary sources that are relevant to theoretically strengthen research results. The findings explain that e-literacy and education are effective and efficient strategies in overcoming budget constraints and low levels of ASN competence. With e-literacy and public policy education, it is hoped that the professionalism of the ASN bureaucracy will increase and the quality of public services will be better.
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 14, pp 57-70; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v14i1.611

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to obtain a fixed model that can be applied in the framework of capacity building of course institutions through meeting national standards for non-formal education, accreditation registration, and the application of total quality service. This research method is action research ranging from the formation of teams per area & Need assessment, data processing of the needs assessment survey, socialization and training, facilitation of 20-course institutions to be registered for institutional accreditation to National Accreditation Board for Early Childhood Education and Non-Formal Education (BAN-PAUD-PNF), assistance to thin management institutions in prepare accreditation and implementation of TQS, explore cooperation with BAN-PAUD-PNF in Jakarta. Based on the results of data analysis it can be concluded: 1) to increase the capacity of course institutions it is necessary to improve quality through the accreditation of institutions from official state institutions, ISOs, and from the application of total quality service management (TQS). Through institutional accreditation, it will be able to increase public confidence in the existing course institutions. Likewise, with ISO, it will be able to increase public confidence, that the institution has implemented good management.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 35-50; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.623

Abstract:
The variations of Madurese intensifying adjectives were investigated in this study. This qualitative study uses a questionnaire as the main instrument to know the intensifying adjectives used by the participants. The participants were asked to translate some sentences from Indonesian to Madurese based on their daily conversations. The participants are native Madurese speakers aged between 15-60 years. The study revealed that there were 28 variations of intensifying adjectives in Madurese which consist of 17 variations of quality level, 3 variations using a determiner before an adjective, 4 variations using a determiner after adjective, 9 variations using a determiner and suffix, and 1 variation using a confix. In the comparative level, it can be divided into equative, comparative, and superlative. There are 5 variations from a comparison of the equivalent level in Madurese, while in the comparative level only one variation is done, it is the addition of lebbi ... deri ..., and the superlative level found 5 variations in the intensity of adjectives.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 65-78; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.625

Abstract:
This study focuses on the analysis of critical discourse on microstructure, superstructure, and macrostructure in women's text in the political field in the Lombok Post newspaper in 2019. The theory used in this study is the theory of critical discourse analysis according to Teun A. van Dijk on the text dimension which consists of microstructures related to linguistic aspects consisting of semantic, syntactic, stylistic, and rhetorical elements. Superstructures related to the structure of the text or the text scheme. Macrostructure related to the theme in general. This research is qualitative research. Data collection methods in this study use the method of literature, which is a method that can help researchers in collecting data and filtering data that will be used for research. The data analysis method in this research uses the data analysis method according to Miles and Huberman. The results of this study show how the text analysis of news texts about women in politics in the Lombok Post newspaper in 2019 is based on van Dijk's discourse analysis theory.
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 45-50; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i1.614

Abstract:
This research study Exploring the use of the TPACK framework in listening classrooms. This research focuses on how the teacher develops instrument design in listening classroom with the TPACK framework. Data collection consisted of classroom observation, a checklist with indicator guide and field notes Findings the result there is different the teacher 1 and 2 with developing instrument design in listening classroom with TPACK Framework. The different teacher 1 dominant with CK ( content knowledge) and PK ( pedagogical knowledge) and able to is able to design lesson plan involved technology, taught used technology that appropriates with learning material, and she manages the class by using technology. This the conclusion of the research in SMA Budi Bakti about developing instrument design in the listening classroom with TPACK framework
, Muhassin Muhassin
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 29-44; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i1.613

Abstract:
This Research is against the backdrop of demand in mastering English. EFL teacher becomes one of the main important parts of teaching-learning English to handle a certain role in maximal the students’ achievement. The students’ achievement here means not only someone that has a lot of knowledge and high value but also someone that can give a positive contribution to other people. Because of that, the teachers have a big responsibility to facilitate students in learning. One of the facilitation of teaching-learning that has to be prepared by teachers is media. This study aims to investigate the teachers’ perceptions of ELT media. This study is classified into three main dimensions of perception proposed by Vernon (1987) namely understanding, outlook and action. By conducting a survey study, the researcher collected, analyzed, elaborated and eventually drew conclusions dealing with the teachers’ perceptions of ELT media. The main data of this study were collected with an interview and a questionnaire, which was distributed to 29 English teachers in the city of Tulungagung. The findings showed that Media is able to be a benefit for both teachers and students, be applicable to every class. To select criteria of Media is based on Media Mastery or flexibility due to different reference and less facility. Besides that, The teachers have positive responses towards the two of the dimensions, understanding, and view. The teachers, however, do not show positive responses toward the action. However, in general, the English teachers’ perceptions of ELT media in this study were categorized as a good perception. In other words, all the teachers have a positive perception of ELT media.
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 1-14; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i1.611

Abstract:
The objective of this research was aimed to investigate the effect of peer review on students’ motivation and ability in writing recount text. The method of the research was a quasi-experimental design with a control and experimental group and a post-test only. The population of this research was the entire eight grade students of SMPN 1 Tanggunggunung. The cluster random sampling was used in the sampling technique. There were two classes of eight grade students as the sample of this research. They were VIII D that consists of 32 students as the control class and VIII G that consists of 30 students as the experimental class. Tests and questionnaires were the instruments of this research. The data collected from the tests were analyzed by using independent sample t-test and MANOVA through SPSS. Results show that the independent sample t-test was 0.001 for motivation and 0.000 for the writing ability. Moreover, the result of the MANOVA test was 0.000. The results were consulted to the score of the significant value generated Sig. (P-value) < α = 0.05. Thus, Ho was rejected and Ha was accepted. In other words, the result of the study revealed that peer review gave a significant effect on the students’ motivation and ability in writing recount text. It can be concluded that there is a significant effect on the students’ writing motivation and writing ability who taught using peer review.
, M. Khoirul Mufid, Eny Maulita Purnama Sari
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 15-28; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i1.612

Abstract:
This present study tries to investigate the students’ writing performance to know whether interlanguage fossilization is occurring or not. The primary goal of this research is to give information relating to interlanguage fossilization in students’ writing performance of the English Education Study Program of IAIN JuraiSiwo Metro. This research is qualitative research. It is used to describe interlanguage fossilization that occurred in students’ writing performance. The writer uses observation, documentation, and interview to collect the data. Purposive sampling is the technique for choosing the ten students of the sixth and the eight-semester of English Education Study Program of IAIN JuraiSiwo Metro in the Academic Year of 2017/2018. The result of this research shows that there are two types of interlanguage fossilization that are commonly produced by students’ writing performance. They are syntactical fossilization and morphological fossilization. Syntactical fossilization consists of 71,86% and morphological fossilization consists of 28,14%. Moreover, the interlanguage fossilization phenomenon in students’ writing performance is caused by the students’ low English proficiency. Therefore, students should be more active to improve their English ability.
Budi Rahayu
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 5, pp 51-64; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v5i1.615

Abstract:
This study aims at comparing the TOEFL scores of the English Department students at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Cenderawasih University. The questions that need to be answered are first, whether there are any differences of TOEFL scores amongst English department students from different semesters. Secondly, whether there are any different scores between male and female students, third between the students with different learning backgrounds, and forth between students with different levels of interest in English. The participants are the students of semester 2, semester 4, semester 6, and semester 8, commencing in the academic year 2017/2018. TOEFL prediction test was given to the participants to get the scores. The scores of each variable were then compared by the application of ANOVA and t-test. The result of this study can give a picture of how English teaching can be improved.
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 4, pp 81-94; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v4i2.262

Abstract:
The main focus of this research is the analysis of interactions between students (learner-to-learner interaction) in the context of cooperative learning through pair-group learning activities. The pair-group learning activities were provided to make sure the intense of the interaction that focus on doing the ordering, task listing, and problem solving tasks. This current research uses descriptive qualitative method by collaborating with students as the subject of this study acting as a key instrument in order to collect data as authentically as possible in the data collection of interactions that occur between students through voice recording. The results showed that the interaction occurred in within the English language education study program FKIP UNCEN are still dominated by lecturers, such as asking questions, error corrections, lectures, explained and waiting for the learners’ response, and therefore suggested to create an encouraged atmosphere of activeness and participation regarding the kinds of learning activities that "force" students to interact in smaller groups to ensure the equal opportunities to interact within the group using cooperative learning activities with a focus on ordering task, listing task, and problem solving task.
Lalu Suhirman,
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 4, pp 65-80; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v4i2.261

Abstract:
The goal of this study was to explore the classroom assessment comprehension of EFL–JHS (Junior High School) teachers in Merauke District. A descriptive evaluative research design was used to describe objectively and evaluate several variables related to the competence of EFL teachers in implementing classroom-based assessment (CBA) in English subject. This research was carried out in Merauke district. The sample used in this study was all the number of populations that we term to the total sampling or purposive sampling, namely 56 respondents. Questionnaires were distributed to 56 respondents, but in the allotted time only 25 returned the questionnaires. Of the 25 questionnaires were returned to the researchers, there were 18 questionnaires stated as feasible and complete to be analyzed while 7 questionnaires were declared incomplete. There were three instruments used to collect data: questionnaire, interview, and focus group discussion (FGD). The results showed that respondents' understanding of the principles and characteristics of CBA was that 9 (50%) respondents claimed to understand and 9 (50%) said they did not understand. They did not understand CBA generally lived and taught in remote areas and stated that they did not have sufficient access to conduct training or curriculum workshops or other professional development.
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 4, pp 105-116; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v4i2.264

Abstract:
The study aims at investigating the effect of local content vocabulary exposure in teaching English at SMPN 1 Padaido Biak Regency. This study employed a descriptive study and total sampling conducted to 75 students (from the first to third grades) of SMP Negeri 1 Mbromsi, in Aimando subdistrict, Padaido islands of Biak Regency. Data were gained from students’ results of pre and post tests on vocabulary relating to things near them or familiar to them like things in the sea. The result shows that the implementation of contextual teaching and learning have brought influence to students’ vocabulary achievement since the approach allows teachers to creatively produce their learning materials that accommodate students’ learning needs based on school and home environments as well as to develop freely their pedagogical techniquest in fun ways.
IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), Volume 4, pp 95-104; doi:10.30957/ijoltl.v4i2.263

Abstract:
Propaganda can be identified using basic kinds of propaganda and seven techniques to present propaganda. White, Black, Agitation, Integration, Disinformation, Bureaucratic, Counterpropaganda, Hate, and Deed is the most useful categorization of propaganda according to Cunningham which is includes in nine basic categories of propaganda. The focus of this study is to analyze context and techniques of propaganda used in Online News Portal of East Kalimantan. The analysis of the content and techniques of propaganda obtained from the news articles in Online News Portal is therefore to explore how a certain message is described. The result show that present message in the propaganda, propagandist in in Online News Portal used seven techniques: (1) name calling, (2) glittering generalities, (3) transfer, (4) testimonial, (5) plain folks, (6) bandwagon, and (7) card stacking.
Siti Juriyah, Yulianto Yulianto, Noverman Duadji
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 13, pp 53-66; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v13i1.56

Abstract:
The objective to be achieved through this research is to determine the factors that affect the quality of service for students of the Faculty of Medicine (FK), University of Lampung (Unila), both partially and simultaneously. This type of research is correlational research. The population of this study was 771 students in FK Unila, and the number of sample was set at 91 students. The data were collected using instruments that have been developed by researchers. Valid and reliable data were analyzed using the latest version of the SPSS software program. The output of this study concludes that there are significant effects between physiological factors, attention, interest, experience, and mood on the quality of services available at FK Unila, both partially and simultaneously.
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 13, pp 67-74; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v13i1.249

Abstract:
Training is a process that aims to improve the skills and abilities beyond the prevailing education system, to a person, group or community. The training program is expected to revive the economy after the Merapi disaster victims. Problems faced by the community is the loss of livelihood as a farmer who is the foundation of life for their families devastated swept lava and hot clouds (wedus trash) trim. The purpose of this training is for the empowerment of the people who lost their livelihoods from farming to switch professions as entrepreneurial as the target is an adult female. In the process of development is necessary that adult women are empowered to the fullest, so what is the purpose in meeting the needs of family life can be fulfilled in line with expectations. women with entrepreneurial training can improve the economics of the family. The method used to approach the research and development (R & D), engineering data collection is done through in-depth interviews, questionnaires, observation, and documentation. The results showed the presence of the training have the knowledge, skills, behaviors, and attitudes to entrepreneurship in everyday life to be able to support the family economy.
Mochammad Nuril Misbach, Ryandono Muhammad Nafik Hadi, & Ari Prasetio
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 13, pp 33-52; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v13i1.55

Abstract:
The research is a field research where primary data were obtained from direct interviews using descriptive analysis techniques with inductive mindset. The research focused on an overview of the practice of buying and selling sand garden using slash system. Results show that the practice of buying and selling with the blow system are found in rural areas, one of them is in the Mount Wurung Mojokerto district, i.e. buying and selling blow sand garden. The price is based on the area of land to be cleared. For example, land with an area of 1400 m2, was agreed by both parties at a price of Rp. 40 million. No provision for the period of sand mining until mining is completed, it can reach 2 to 3 years. Both landowners and buyer do not know the content of sand in the soil of the kebon, which means to buy and sell the sand there is a potential gharar (lack of clarity on both sides) that allows each of them suffered a loss or gain. It is evident that sand trading kebon with the system is not in accordance with Islamic law because the seller or buyer cannot estimate the content and quality of sand in the plot. According to Madhab Hanafi Imam the sale and purchase that contained a little gharar and jizaf, and according to Madhab the Shafi'i Imam it was not permitted because there was potential gharar which allowed each of them has a loss or profit.
Apandi Apandi, Yulianto Yulianto, Feni Rosalia
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 13, pp 19-32; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v13i1.54

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the performance of Lampung University employees, through leadership style and work motivation. This study used a correlational quantitative approach. The population of this study was all employees of education staff at the General and Financial Devision at Lampung University of 110 people. Samples were taken purposively, as many as 53 employees. Data was collected using survey methods. The data were analyzed by simple and multiple linear regression with the help of SPSS 17.0 statistical software. Based on the results of testing the hypothesis of the influence of leadership style on employee performance, the results of t-count of 2.374 and t-table of 1.67655 were obtained. Furthermore, the motivation variables on employee performance, the results of t-count were 7.283 and t-table was 1.67655. Simultaneous testing or jointly obtained results of F-count statistics of 40,288 and F-table 3.18. The results of the analysis can be concluded that employee performance at the General and Financial Bureau of Lampung University is influenced by motivation.
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 13, pp 75-86; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v13i1.250

Abstract:
Labor issues and unemployment in Indonesia are currently addressed issues to resolve. Entrepreneurship is an important choice to overcome the number of gap between the workforce who have not worked with job opportunities. The purpose of this study is to describe the themes of experience, skills and attitudes that have been and have not been presented in formal schools, and subsequently become the priority themes to be presented in non-formal education. This research was carried out in a descriptive design, exploratory data collected by means of interviews and interviews, and presented it proportionally, analyzed and with technical processes. The conclusions presented in this article include information about the themes of knowledge, skills and attitudes that have not been widely presented in formal schools, and then presented in non-formal institutions in the form of synergism that complement each other.
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 13, pp 1-18; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v13i1.59

Abstract:
At present, social media is more widely used by migrant workers and TKI children just for the daily communication. The function of the social media is done in trivialities because both parties operationally can maximazie the media more specifically especially to improve the process of education and learning between parents to their children. This study draws problem of how social media can be used by TKI in educating children, through the LDR (Long Distance Relationship) method. This study used qualitative descriptive approach to analyze the data. The research subjects who acted as respondents were migrant workers and former migrant workers from Lampung Province. The results show that learning models using the LDR Method could be applied by Indonesian migrant workers to children who live in their hometowns. Themes of communication using LDR should be focused on education aspects emphasizing on motivation, achievement, frame of future life, and daily activities for schools.
Ratna Dwi Mei Wulandari, Sulistyo Anjarwati
AKUNTABILITAS: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Ekonomi, Volume 11, pp 10-19; doi:10.30957/akuntabilitas.v11i2.528

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Bambang Septiawan
AKUNTABILITAS: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Ekonomi, Volume 11, pp 1-9; doi:10.30957/akuntabilitas.v11i2.527

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, Rohmani Nur Indah
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 1-14; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.568

Abstract:
Figure of speech used in literary writing touches feelings, emotions based on an image of things seen, and actions experienced. When it applies to the language in a movie, it may furnish new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject. This study explored the figure of speech representing religious education values in Moustafa Akkad's The Message movie. As qualitative descriptive research, the source of data was the script of the movie analyzed from the sociolinguistic point of view. The result shows that the film used the figurative language to express religious education values through irony, simile, personification, paradox, hyperbole, oxymoron, metaphor, repetitive, metonymy, antithesis, onomatopoeia, and symbol. Also, Moustafa Akkad presented several religious values applicable to teaching English for Islamic Studies.
Nelda Sari Siregar, Else Liliani
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 77-92; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.576

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to describe the dimensions of the text, the practice of discourse, socio-cultural practices, and the ideological formations in the short stories that face imagined on porridge plates. The theory used is the theory of sociology of Gramsci hegemony. The method used is a qualitative method with the Fairclough model of critical discourse analysis techniques. The results of the study are a form of hegemony when traditional markets turn into modern markets and make people have a consumptive lifestyle. The author expresses his criticism of the current phenomenon subtly with the symbol of genderuwo which has greed and hegemonic character. Genderuwo is represented as a capitalist system which is currently controlling society. The form of ideological formation in the form of authoritarianism-capitalism and humanistic-mysticism. There are groups of hegemony, pro-hegemony, and groups of counter-hegemony. The hegemony group is the main actor in the occurrence of hegemony (the dominant group), while the pro-hegemony group is a figure who supports the occurrence of hegemony, the counter-hegemony group consists of people who oppose the occurrence of hegemony (cultural rise).
Khairani Ade Guswita, Pratomo Widodo
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 25-36; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.572

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to analyze the use of presupposition triggers in the Washington Post and Los Angeles Times online news. This study was conducted using a qualitative approach. The sources of this study are the Washington Post and Lost Angeles Times news on the internet. The data were analyzed based on the theory about presupposition triggers from Levinson (1983) and Yule (1996). The data collection method in this study is Metode Simak and Metode Catat which are proposed by Sudaryanto (2018). The result of this study is the most dominant types of triggers presuppositions which found in the Washington Post online news is a definite description with 29 occurrences (26%) and 37 occurrences (24%)in Lost Angeles online news. Both the Washington Post and Los Angeles Times online news use the clef-construction as part of the lexical and non-restrictive clause as part of structural which more dominant than others. Otherwise, the distinction on two online is conventional times which only appeared in the Los Angeles Times.
, Eddy Setia, Umar Mono
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 15-24; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.571

Abstract:
Social media interface has been translated into a variety of languages, including Indonesian. This research aims to identify dominant types of neologisms found in social media interface, describe translation procedures applied by translators in translating neologisms and translation norms in neologism translation. This research is qualitative research that was conducted by applying Newmark’s neologism typology and translation procedures (1988) and Toury’s concept of translation norms (1995). The results showed that 1) existing lexical items with new sense (words) is a type of neologism dominantly found in an interface, 2) transference, couplets and through translation are dominant procedures applied by translators which become norms in translating neologism in social media interface. It can be concluded that neologisms found in social media interface have not had equivalents in Indonesian and neologisms cannot be translated since they are terms or jargons used in social media interface.
, Sudirman Wilian, Kamaludin Yusra
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 137-156; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.581

Abstract:
This study aims to determine differences in the choice of topics of conversation between men and women on Facebook media. This study was qualitative in nature, examining the corpus of facebookers available on the internet. The process of data collection was done by referring to the record and documentation method. In the analysis process, data were classified and analyzed based on Tuncay's theory (2006) in determining the theme of masculinity and Cholik (2016) theory in determining the theme of femininity. The results showed that male users tended to upload themes to show their masculinity such as physical strength, altruism, women and sex, love and family, pleasure or fun, leadership, outdoor activities, as well as spirituality and morality, while female users tended to upload theme to reflect the feminine side, such as cooking, parenting, beauty, traveling, hobbies, and fashion.
Irwansyah Irwansyah
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 13, pp 87-98; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v13i2.598

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the ability of students at x grade students of MAN 1 Bima in writing anecdotal text with a scientific approach. Therefore to know this problem used the theory of qualitative data analysis and quantitative analysis by using the tabulation width of student learning achievement in the book of Prof. Mahsun, MS, and other theories. The research method used in this research is a qualitative research method with the character of analytic description. Interpretation of data is done through literature method and field observation with student assignment technique writing anecdote text using the scientific approach. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that the students' ability to analyze at x grade students of MAN 1 Bima in writing anecdotal text with the scientific approach is at less-skilled value, This is evidenced from the results from students’ score that is only under minimum score. This is also evidenced by the results of qualitative data analysis and the score of students is only in the range under the minimum score. it is also evidenced from the results of qualitative data analysis and quantitative data analysis used tabulation data sheet that shows the number of the ability to write anecdote text of all students got to score 30 that is in the less skilled value category.
Lalu Kamarudin, Syahdan Syahdan,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 247-270; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.606

Abstract:
This study examines codes of conduct of women in carrying out their life according to the Qurtubi text by TGH. Alimuddin Praya West Nusa Tenggara. As the Islamic text from which values of women conducts based on hadits and the exemplars of Siti Fatimah, the daughter of the Muhammad Prophet, the text has been referenced as the core value of teaching for the society. This study used content analysis where themes and constructs of morale were focused from the text. The study used is a qualitative approach with descriptive analytical method, namely a method that expresses the actual situation in the text. Data were collected using documentation techniques, interviews and content analysis. The results show the code of conduct of women is conveyed through dialogue and actions experienced by the character depicted in the TGH Qurtubi text of Alimuddin Praya Lombok West Nusa Tenggara. The description of the action includes three codes, namely: 1) codes of conduct of women that depict social goodness, 2) codes of conduct of women that describe acts of conflict, and 3) codes of conduct of women that describe the attitude of guard and maintain. This teaching implies that codes of conduct of the women indicate the attitude to develop understanding, actions or the nature of maintaining positive norms that are not contrary to the values ​​of religion, culture or customs that apply.
CENDEKIA: Journal of Education and Teaching, Volume 13, pp 153-164; doi:10.30957/cendekia.v13i2.605

Abstract:
The study aims to analyze the impact of capital adequacy ratio, non-performing loan, third party fund on loan to deposit ratio of the private banks in Bandar Lampung. The sample used in this research were obtained from six private banks in Bandar Lampung. Data obtained based on financial statements Annual Report of Indonesia stock Exchange (IDX) from 2009 to 2014. The method used in this research is the dependent variable and independent, multiple regression analysis and Classical Assumption. Variable used Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Nonperforming Loan (NPL), and Third-Party Fund (DPK) on Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR). Based on the result of the research showed that the F variable CAR, NPL, and DPK together influential significantly to Loan to Deposit Ratio. The Result of partial T-test CAR negatively influential and significant with significant value is 0.007. NPL is not positively influential and not significant on LDR with significant value is 0,277 while DPK has positive influential and significant value is 0,005. The value of Adjusted R Square the value is 0.266 showed that LDR can explain by variables research as big as 26,6 %, while the rest can be explained by other factors.
, Mahyuni Mahyuni, Johan Mahyudi
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 285-296; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.608

Abstract:
This research is based on differences in the variety of languages ​​of women and men in society. The research is focused on the taboo language used by women in written form on the Instagram social network. The use of taboo language by men is more accepted in society. The formulation of the premise of this study is to determine the forms of female taboo expressions on Instagram. This research is a qualitative descriptive study that is based on the use of taboo language on Instagram. The purpose of this study is to describe the forms of taboo expressions written by women on Instagram. The process of data collection was done by referring to the record anddocumentation method. Data were analyzed using taboo theory according to Wijana (2006) and Timothy Jay (1996). The results of the analysis showed that women use taboo language expressions which are vulgar, sexually harassing, name-calling and insulting.
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