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I Gede Wyana Lokantara, Farisa Maulinam Amo
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 134-142; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.134-142

Abstract:
The development of a city is marked by an increase in population and an increase in the need for space, which causes the city to be unable to accommodate its activities. Hence, physical development of the city to the peri-urban area and urban sprawl occurs. This also happened in Singaraja City, Bali province as proved by the increasing development of settlements in the area. The purpose of this research is to identify the development of Singaraja City spatially by looking at the pattern of city development due to the influence of the urban sprawl and to identify the factors that influence its development. This study used qualitative methods to analyze the spatial transformation through mapping techniques using time series data developed regions and non-woke Singaraja City, so discovered patterns development impact suburban of Singaraja City. It further analyzed the determinant factors causing urban sprawl in suburban Singaraja. The research shows that Singaraja City has experienced urban development towards the suburban of the city by forming a leap-frog development pattern. The suburban of Singaraja City that are most dominantly affected are the western and eastern regions, namely Baktiseraga Village and Banyuning district. The dominant factor that causes urban sprawl in suburban Singaraja City is people's desire to conduct commercial activities amounting to 94.67% with the opening of shops and services to facilitate the needs of students or migrant workers. The emergence of new economic activities initiated by the surrounding population, causing the orientation of economic transformation in the suburbs of Singaraja city to switch to the non-agricultural sector.
Bakti Kharisma, Werry Darta Taifur, Fajri Muharja
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 187-202; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.187-202

Abstract:
Enactment of the Village Law brings enthusiasm to the rural development paradigm. One of the main outputs of the government planning document is the increase of priority development in rural areas and villages. This is implemented by increasing the source of village income budget through the village fund program. This study aims to analyze the impact of village budgets and geographic difficulties, and village households on village status in Riau Province. Multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the impact of Village Fund allocation, Village Fund, Geographical Difficulty Index, and number of households in 2018 on the achievements of the Developing Village Index in 2019. Research results show that Village Fund allocation budget and the number of households have positive impacts on the Developing Village Index (Indeks Desa Membangun). in Riau Province. Meanwhile, increase in Village Fund budget and Geographical Difficulty Index have negative impacts on the Developing Village Index in Riau Province.
Arga Geofana
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 160-173; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.160-173

Abstract:
Adequate health facilities have become one of the interesting issues to be discussed since this pandemic situation. Availability and accessibility of health facilities are the vital aspects that should be accomplished by both local and central government. Nevertheless, some population especially those living in rural areas have some difficulties in reaching these facilities due to the inequality condition within regions. This study aims to analyze the coverage of health facilities in Temanggung Regency, Central Java province and cluster its subdistricts according to their condition in accessing these facilities. The analysis is limited to public health facility (PUSKESMAS) and hospital levels. Both statistical and spatial data were processed using the GIS network analysis approach in producing the coverage number of each health facility and they were compared to the applied standard range of service and threshold. Then, a hierarchy is created using the weighted centrality index approach to represent disparities among subdistricts in Temanggung Regency regarding the availability and its coverage to health facilities. The results show that there is an inequality condition on health facilities coverage between central and peripheral areas within this regency, both at the public health facility level and hospital level. Several population in several districts, mostly residing in outer areas, are not covered by both public health facility and hospital. On the other hand, people in the capital and its surrounding subdistricts have better access to these facilities. Several factors are identified in producing this inequality, such as spatial distribution of housing areas, spatial allocation of health facilities, road network, and topographic condition. The topographic condition in some uncovered areas, which is relatively hilly and has steep slope, causes limited access to the road network and less coverage of health facilities.
Nedalia Wilza, Ernan Rustiadi, Janthy Trilusianthy Hidajat
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 143-159; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.143-159

Abstract:
The high number of commuters in Bogor Regency has triggered the development of settlements at transit areas. In addition, Bogor Regency is also connected to rail-based mass public transportation in the Jabodetabek area which supports the mobility of its population. This study aims to identify the suitability of a transit area to be developed with Transit Oriented Development (TOD) concept. The research location is among the transit areas of two intercity train stations and seven existing urban commuter line train stations in Bogor Regency. Observations focused on the area in a radius of 800 meters from the station which is assessed as the maximum distance a person can walk for 15 minutes. Potential locations are determined by the AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) and TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution) method on several variables that form the ideal TOD. The variables observed include aspects of transportation and aspects of land use which are derived into several indicators. Based on the research, it was found that the most potential area to be developed with the TOD concept is the transit area of Cibinong station, followed by transit areas of Bojonggede station, Citayam station, and Cilebut station. Meanwhile, transit areas of Parung Panjang station and Tenjo station have medium potential, and transit areas Maseng Station and Cigombong Station are not potential.
Elvina Nora Lubis, Andrea Emma Pravitasari, Dwi Putro Tejo Baskoro
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 174-186; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.174-186

Abstract:
The concept of sustainable development is very important to increase our quality of life. Measurement of development based on specific indicators is one of the approaches to describe sustainable development. At the local level, measuring sustainable development using specific indicators is still rare. Since each location has their own unique characteristics, measuring sustainability at the regional level could not always be applied locally. The availability of data at the village level strongly encourages the local measurement of sustainable development index. The economic, social, and environmental dimensions of Mandailing Natal Regency's development are still constrained. Using 21 variables that can reflect economic, social, and environmental aspects, this study aims to measure the sustainable development index at the local level. The Local Sustainable Development Index will be generated by analyzing these variables using the Factor Analysis (FA) method and Local Indicator of Spatial Autocorrelation (LISA) analysis. This index measurement is useful in considering the direction of location-based (spatial) development for decision makers at the local level and describe development sustainability. In general, IPBL economic value was in the medium category in 2011, and several villages in the low category were able to enhance their economic development sustainability in 2018. In the northwest, IPBL environment cluster type High-high (HH). In 2018, the percentage spatial distribution pattern of villages with the Low-low (LL) cluster type of IPBL economic and IPBL environment decreased. However, as can be seen from the spatial distribution pattern of IPBL social with cluster type LL, the percentage increased in 2018.
Ratu Segi Regita, Nur Intan Simangunsong, Abdul Chalim
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 38-44; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v13i2.33327

Abstract:
Ruang terbuka merupakan hal utama pada setiap aktifitas di ruang luar khususnya tempat yang padat pengguna dan memiliki beragam kegiatan seperti kampus. Fungsi ruang terbuka sebagai tempat berinteraksi, bermain, berolahraga, tempat bersantai dan tempat parkir. Selain itu ruang terbuka juga memiliki fungsi sebagai pengendali mikro klimat dan penyerapan air hujan. Dalam hal ini vegetasi berpengaruh pada setiap perencanaan ruang terbuka. Ruang terbuka kampus Indonesia Port Corporation University memiliki jenis dan aktifitas yang beragam, oleh karena itu peletakan pada vegetasi disetiap ruang terbuka kampus harus disesuaikan dengan fungsi dan kriterianya. Namun masih ada lokasi pada ruang terbuka kampus Indonesia Port Corporation University yang peletakan vegetasinya tidak sesuai dengan fungsi dan kriteria vegetasi tersebut. Penelitian dilakukan pada 4 lokasi dan 8 titik disetiap area ruang terbuka yang ditentukan berdasarkan purposive sampling. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian yaitu kualitatif dengan literature review untuk mengetahui jenis dan fungsi vegetasi yang akan diteliti lalu untuk menentukan kriteria vegetasi yang sesuai dengan (1) fungsi peneduh (2) fungsi pengarah (3) fungsi penyerap polutan (4) fungsi estetika dan peletakan pada setiap ruang terbuka kampus dilakukan menggunakan metode kuantitatif Key Performance Index (KPI). Hasil dari penelitian peletakan vegetasi dengan fungsi peneduh yang memiliki nilai scor tertinggi ada pada lokasi 1 yaitu tempat yang digunakan sebagai tempat parkir (66,25%) karena didalamnya didominasi pohon tanjung dengan kriteria pola peletakan tanaman yang ditanam berbaris dan bermassa daun padat. Lokasi 3 memiliki scor tertinggi (80%) yang peletakan vegetasinya sebagai fungsi pengarah karena didominasi oleh vegetasi bertajuk kolumnar dan ditanam secara berbaris. Peletakan vegetasi yang sesuai dengan fungsi sebagai penyerap polutan terdapat pada lokasi 4 (67,85%)dimana kriteria vegetasi yang mendominasi yaitu bermassa daun padat dan percabangannya menyebar. Sedangkan untuk peletakan vegetasi dengan fungsi estetika terdapat pada lokasi 3 (88,33%) karena pada lokasi ini didominasi oleh vegetasi dengan kriteria bentuk tajuk serta percabangan menarik dan terdapat variasi warna terhadap (daun, batang,bunga dan buah). Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa peletakan vegetasi sangat mempengaruhi kondisi ruang terbuka suatu tapak untuk itu diperlukan kajian mengenai fungsi dan kriteria vegetasi sebelum perencanaan pengembangan suatu kawasan pada tapak.
Olivia Dais Agustin, Nur Intan Simangunsong, Rustam Hakim
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 33-37; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v13i2.33324

Abstract:
Bandara Internasional Soekarno-Hatta yang merupakan salah satu gerbang untuk menuju Negara Indonesia yang mempunyai potensi visual yang mampu memberikan multi-image baik secara lokal, nasional maupun internasional. Lanskap koridor Jalan Raya Bandara Internasional Soekarno-Hatta (BISH) mempunyai peran dalam membangun karakter lingkungan dan estetika visual dlam menampilkan citra dan identitas kawasan. Namun, saat ini kondisi koridor jalan tersebut belum optimal dalam menampilkan citra kawasan yang menarik. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menilai kualitas estetika visual lanskap pada koridor Jalan Raya Bandara Internasional Soekarno-Hatta serta menentukan area-area yang mempunyai potensi estetika visual lanskap. Metode penelitian dalam studi ini adalah metode deskriptif-kualitatif sedangkan pengumpulan data melalui kuisioner, data yang telah terkumpul diukur nilai estetika visual lanskap menggunakan teknik analisis skala likert. Hasil analisis dari penilaian tersebut menghasilkan area-area yang mempunyai potensi estetia visual lanskap pada obyek studi. Dengan demikian, karakter visual lanskap koridor Jalan Raya BISH mampu menampilkan citra kawasan yang menarik baik secara lokal, nasional maupun internasional.
Prijanto Pamoengkas, Henti Hendalastuti Rachmat, Hana Afiana
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 11, pp 363-379; https://doi.org/10.29244/jpsl.11.3.363-379

Abstract:
Shorea leprosula Miq is a Dipterocarps forest plantation that has the prospect of being developed because it is a fast-growing species with high economic value. Given its commercial importance, this study was conducted to analyze the effect of slope class and slope direction on growth. Data were collected using the census method on S.leprosula stands with a spacing of 2m x 2m and 4m x 8m. The direction of the slope is determined based on the configuration of the slope according to the cardinal directions, while the slope of the land is determined based on the classification of the slope class of the land. The results showed that the slope class, slope direction, and the interaction between factors had a significant effect on the growth of S.leprosula. The interaction between the slope class and the direction of the slope produces the highest average annual increment of diameter in the flat slope class with the direction of the slope facing north, which is 1.79 m / year while the highest annual increment of the total average height is in the very steep slope class with to the slope facing to the north at 0.82 m / year.
Wiranatha Kadek, I Made Agus Dharmadiatmika, Anak Agung Keswari Krisnandika
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 45-53; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v13i2.34321

Abstract:
Tanaman Obat Keluarga (Toga) adalah sebidang tanah di halaman rumah yang dimanfaatkan untuk menumbuhkan tumbuhan yang berkhasiat obat untuk memenuhi kebutuhan obat keluarga. Nilai fungsional taman Toga di pekarangan rumah Desa Bukian sudah tercapai namun penataan tamannya belum mempertimbangkan karakter tanaman, estetika serta filosofi Taman Tradisional Bali. Konsep dasar yang diterapkan adalah taman tematik yang menyeimbangkan antara keindahan taman dengan suplay tanaman obat, berdasarkan filosofi taman tradisional bali yang terdiri dari 7 unsur pembentuk taman di Bali. Yang ditonjolkan dari konsep ini adalah tata ruang sebagai alas, atap, dinding dan pola desain di masing-masing mandala yang saling terkait menjadi satu kesatuan sehingga mampu menjadi panduan pemilik rumah dalam menata taman, serta rekomendasi model desain taman Toga hasil dari penempatan tanaman pada konsep ruang yang telah dirancang berdasarkan karakter masing-masing tanaman dan menjadikan filosofi taman tradisional bali sebagai panduan. Dalam setiap perancangan taman di pekarangan diharapkan menggunakan filosofi tamana tradisional bali sebagai dasar sehingga dapat menjaga dan melestarikan kearifan lokal dan menjaga kesehatan keluarga dengan pengobatan herbal.
Riyad Maulana, Annisa Safira Riska, Hanson Endra Kusuma
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 54-60; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v13i2.34925

Abstract:
Intensitas kegiatan di perkotaan yang tinggi, cenderung membuat masyarakat butuh melakukan kegiatan rekreasi. Salah satu fungsi hutan kota merupakan tempat rekreasi untuk melepas kepenatan masyarakat kota dari tingginya intensitas kegiatan sosial dan ekonomi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap hubungan antara motivasi berkunjung dengan kegiatan yang dilakukan di hutan kota berdasarkan preferensi masyarakat. Penelitian dilakukan melalui pendekatan grounded theory dengan metode kualitatif yang bersifat eksploratif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui penyebaran kuesioner daring yang bersifat terbuka (open-ended) dan tertutup (close-ended), serta pemilihan sampel secara bebas (non-random sampling). Data teks yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan analisis isi. Hasil analisis korespondensi motivasi berkunjung dan kegiatan ini mengungkap dua fungsi hutan kota, yaitu wisata interaktif dan wisata edukatif. Wisata interaktif merupakan pengunjung datang dengan motivasi kualitas tempat, kegiatan yang dilakukan bersifat afektif dan psikomotorik. Sedangkan wisata edukatif merupakan pengunjung datang dengan motivasi informasi, kegiatan yang dilakukan bersifat kognitif.
Rindha Rentina Darah Pertami, Jumiatun, Bety Etikasari
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 61-70; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v13i2.35652

Abstract:
Langkah awal untuk meningkatkan kualitas RTH membutuhkan kajian yang matang terkait dengan kegiatan yang akan dilakukan agar hasil pembangunan diperoleh dari analisis yang mendalam dan utuh. Agar hasil pekerjaan sesuai dengan harapan dan seragam maka diperlukan suatu standar dalam pelaksanaan suatu pekerjaan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi klasifikasi dan kriteria taman kota yang ramah anak dan masyarakat serta menyusun standar prasarana taman dan keindahan kota ideal sesuai kebutuhan, termasuk jenis taman (RTH dan RTNH), standarisasi pekerjaan pemeliharaan taman, dan pekerjaan pemeliharaan kapasitas kerja. Taman-taman yang tersebar ini tidak terklasifikasi dengan baik sehingga seringkali saat menghitung kebutuhan SFM di bidang pemeliharaan taman, Anda tidak dapat menggunakan satu referensi untuk luas taman yang sesuai dengan klasifikasinya. Menyesuaikan area perawatan dengan persyaratan situs atau taman itu sendiri merupakan bagian penting dari seni dan ilmu manajemen taman dan bahkan dapat memberikan formula atau spesifikasi standar yang pasti yang dapat diterapkan pada jenis taman atau lanskap tertentu. Pemeliharaan dan perawatan rutin suatu kawasan lanskap akan sangat mempengaruhi penampilan lanskap itu sendiri, dan juga mempengaruhi nilainya sebagai kenyamanan (fasilitas) bahkan dalam jangka panjang akan sangat mempengaruhi komunitas tumbuhan dan alam secara keseluruhan. Hal ini benar karena pemeliharaan merupakan upaya untuk menjaga keindahan dan fungsi suatu lanskap atau taman.
Daniel Putra Pardamean Mbarep, Hayati Sari Hasibuan, Setyo Sarwanto Moersidik
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 11, pp 380-386; https://doi.org/10.29244/jpsl.11.3.380-386

Abstract:
Kalijodo green open space has vegetated area 48 %. The ideal green open space, has vegetated area ​​80-90 % of total area. The results of the thermal comfort index in the Kalijodo green open space is 30.75. This condition makes the Kalijodo green open space in very uncomfortable status, and the thermal comfort index is categorized as comfortable is in 29 and below. This research was conducted to determine and analyze the perception of thermal comfort that felt by the public in the green open space of Kalijodo. Descriptive analysis method is used to examine any information obtained from data processing from questionnaires filled out by 50 respondents. The results of this research on the perception of thermal comfort show that as many as 24 respondents felt very uncomfortable, 14 respondents felt comfortable, and 12 respondents felt uncomfortable when they were in the green open space of Kalijodo. These results indicate that the majority of people living in green open spaces are in line with the results of research on thermal comfort in the Kalijodo green open space which is in the very uncomfortable category. The condition of the Kalijodo green open space, which lacks vegetation, results in a very uncomfortable thermal comfort index value, so that the people there also feel the discomfort.
Fatmah Fatmah
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), Volume 11, pp 342-349; https://doi.org/10.29244/jpsl.11.3.342-349

Abstract:
The increase in positive cases of COVID-19 in Indonesia since 2020 has led to various control measures, including prevention. One of them is through cultural approach and local wisdom that differs from one region to another, such as the one applied in Bali Province. The purpose of the study was to explore Bali’s experience in dealing with COVID-19 from the perspective of culture and local wisdom. A qualitative approach was used in this study using in-depth interviews with the Bali Provincial DisasterControl Office (Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah, BPBD) and the Bali Provincial Health Office. Results of this study showed that the Bali Province has a strong religious approach, consisting of hupokara, which isthe faith in the Creator as disaster is believed to be a tremendous force that has to be managed through a ceremony called niskala, which giving offerings to God for health and safety of the people of Bali Province. The Balinese believe that the COVID-19 virus can be controlled with rituals and offerings. The presence of Pecalang as a traditional security unit looked up to and obeyed by the Balinese people also supports the successful management of COVID-19. The unique approach of Bali Province that is based on the local wisdom through mobilizing Traditional Villages, promoting custom-based cooperation through the formation of a task force at the Traditional Village level, and with good leadership from the Governorof Bali has led to successful COVID-19 control in Bali Province. Bali has learned from the COVID-19 pandemic that togetherness and mutual cooperation among people are needed to prevent the spread of COVID-19 inthe province.
Widya Nadira Nasution, Sri Mulatsih
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN, Volume 8, pp 182-204; https://doi.org/10.29244/jekp.8.2.2019.182-204

Abstract:
Ekspor utama alas kaki Indonesia adalah ke Amerika Serikat dan beberapa negara di Eropa, sedangkan untuk kawasan terdekat dengan Indonesia, seperti ASEAN, nilai ekspor alas kaki Indonesia cukup rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis daya saing dan kinerja ekspor alas kaki Indonesia ke kawasan ASEAN tahun 2010-2014. Negara mitra dalam penelitian ini adalah Malaysia, Singapura, Thailand, Filipina, Vietnam, dan Brunei Darussalam. Analisis daya saing dilakukan dengan menggunakan indikator Revealed Comparative Advantages (RCA), Porter's Diamond, dan Export Product Dynamic (EPD). Hasil analisis RCA menunjukkan bahwa alas kaki Indonesia memiliki daya saing di semua negara kecuali Malaysia. Hasil model Porter's Diamond menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia memiliki daya saing yang kuat di sektor alas kaki. Hasil analisis EPD menunjukkan bahwa ekspor alas kaki ke sebagian besar negara mitra masuk dalam kriteria falling star. Selanjutnya, analisis kinerja ekspor alas kaki ke kawasan ASEAN dilakukan dengan menggunakan Gravity Model. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa semua variabel berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja ekspor alas kaki. PDB per kapita Indonesia, jarak ekonomi, dan harga ekspor berpengaruh negatif terhadap kinerja ekspor, sedangkan PDB per kapita negara mitra berpengaruh positif. Depresiasi nilai tukar berdampak positif terhadap peningkatan kinerja ekspor.
Rina Nadlrotul Musilah, Tursina Andita Putri, Anisa Dwi Utami
Published: 24 September 2021
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 153-166; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.153-166

Abstract:
In the agricultural sector, the cost production structure determines the income level of the farmers as well as the industry competitiveness in the world market. Considering the position of rice as the main food commodity for Indonesian people, the government has set up a program namely UPSUS PAJALE which delivers subsidies for inputs such as seeds, fertilizer, and agricultural tools. This study aims to describe the paddy farming activities in Demak Regency and to analyze the cost structure of paddy production in the UPSUS PAJALE program in Demak Regency. A survey was conducted in five production centre areas involving 100 farmers. The results showed that modern technology is used in rice farming. Land costs and labour costs dominate the cost structure of rice production. Meanwhile, the total production cost has reached 22.518.314,86 IDR per hectare with the cash cost percentage is 72,17 % and the non-cash cost percentage is 27,83 %.
Nadisha Ghassani, Suyono Suyono
Published: 24 September 2021
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 167-181; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.167-181

Abstract:
Edamame is a product which has a big advantage to be developed, specifically by the product's market, as it is good in terms of taste and nutrition. Hypermarkets nowadays sell edamame but they have not known what marketing mix affects consumer's purchasing decision towards edamame. This research aimed to find: 1) Consumer’s perception of edamame's marketing mix at hypermarkets in East Jakarta, 2) To Evaluate consumer’s purchasing decision of edamame at hypermarkets in East Jakarta, 3) The influence of edamame's marketing mix affecting consumer’s purchasing decision, 4) The largest influence of edamame's marketing mix which affects consumer’s purchasing decision. The method of this research used the survey method and the sampling method used was the non-probability sampling method with accidental sampling technique. A total of 100 respondents were calculated using the linear time function formula. The location of this research is chosen purposively which is 4 hypermarkets located in East Jakarta. The method of this research is descriptive analysis and path analysis. The results showed that: 1) Edamame’s marketing mix is done well according to the continuum line, 2) Consumer’s purchasing decision of edamame is done well according to the continuum line, 3) The marketing mix simultaneously significantly influenced consumer’s purchasing decision of edamame, 4) The promotion variable (X4) gives the biggest influence towards consumer’s purchasing decision of edamame. The implication of this research is to increase activities of promotions of edamame.
Putroe Balqis, Rahmat Yanuar
Published: 24 September 2021
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 182-194; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.182-194

Abstract:
As a major producing country, Indonesia is one of the world's largest pepper exporters where America and some European Union countries have become the destinations of its exports. The purposes of this study are to analyze the performance of Indonesian pepper and the development of its exports and to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian pepper exports in American and European markets, especially in the period 2004-2018. This research used descriptive analysis from the trade data period 2004-2018, to analyze the performance of Indonesian pepper. From the same data set, this study used competitiveness analysis with the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) method, Export Product Dynamics (EPD), and Trade Specialization Index (ISP). The results showed that the area of cropland and production of Indonesian pepper had decreased, the development of Indonesian pepper exports was also quite volatile. Based on the calculation of RCA, Indonesia has competitiveness or comparative advantage for exports to Germany, the Netherlands, France, Italy and Belgium. The EPD value showed Indonesia was in a Retreat position in the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium. While Indonesia is in the position of Rising Star in Italy, Falling Star in France, and Lost Opportunity in America. Finally, The ISP value showed that Indonesia has strong competitiveness as an exporter of whole pepper.
Maria Trisanti Saragih, Harianto Harianto, Heny Kuswanti
Published: 23 September 2021
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 133-152; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.133-152

Abstract:
The development of Indonesia's cocoa beans before the export duty policy shows that almost 90 per cent of cocoa beans exports were exported from total production, therefore makes Indonesia as known as one of the biggest cocoa beans exporters in the world. Cocoa exports to destination countries cause the domestic stock of raw materials for cocoa beans Domestic stock has decreased. Afterwards, the Indonesian government implemented a cocoa bean export duty policy. This research aimed to analyze the effect of export duties policy for the competitiveness and exports of Indonesian cocoa products to export destination countries. Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) method is used to measure competitiveness, while Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS) is used to analyze the long-term effect of export duties on cocoa beans on competitiveness and exports of cocoa products. Based on the analysis result, all cocoa products have competitiveness, Indonesian cocoa butter has the highest competitiveness in export destination countries. Export duties policy has a long-term effect on competitiveness and exports of cocoa paste and powder, but have no long-term effect on competitiveness and exports of cocoa butter. Therefore, the overall increase in competitiveness and export of cocoa products is due to the implementation of the cocoa bean export duty policy.
Nanda Putri Astari, Rita Nurmalina
Published: 23 September 2021
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 122-132; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.122-132

Abstract:
PT Crowde Membangun Bangsa is a financial technology company that offers capital services for agricultural activities. With the concept of peer to peer lending (P2P), the company functions as a platform are to bring investors and customers together. To continue to grow and face competition in the future, PT Crowde Membangun Bangsa requires preparation and improvement of business models. This study aims to (1) map the business model applied at PT Crowde Membangun Bangsa, (2) Identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of the nine elements of the Business Model Canvas based on PT Crowde Build the Nation, (3) Formulate alternative Business Model strategies The right canvas to be applied to PT Crowde Membangun Bangsa. The data collection method is carried out by direct observation and using the qualitative method. The conclusion of this study is the improvement in the new Business Model Canvas, especially in the customer segment elements by adding plantations as a new segment and beef cattle commodities as an improvement to existing segments so that the company's targets are met, improvements in these elements need to be supported by improvements in other elements. namely reactivating individual investors as additional corporate financial key resources, additional types of loan facilities to increase the value proposition, and optimizing the use of technology in customer relationship elements and key activities so that additional consumer segments are followed by maximum service and efficient key activities.
Usman Usman, Andi Nuddin, Sahabuddin Toaha
Published: 22 September 2021
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 101-108; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.101-108

Abstract:
Beef Cattle is one of the meat-producing resources that have great benefits for the fulfilment and improvement of community nutrition. The low population of Beef Cows is because most of the livestock are kept on a small scale with limited land and capital. In addition, the weather does not threaten animal health. To carry out preventive activities against outbreaks of disease in livestock, the government program CallNak Center. The research objective was to analyze the effect of animal health services, health status checks, and artificial insemination on the development of Beef Cattle. The research method used quantitative research with a cross-sectional study approach. The research was conducted in Parepare City from August 2020 to April 2021. The sampling technique used non-probability sampling with purposive sampling with a total sample of 73 breeders. The data analysis used in this study is the Chi-Square Test. The results showed that the majority of respondents (76,71%) felt the benefits of animal health services, and health status checks and respondents considered beneficial were 78,08%. Meanwhile, respondents who felt the benefits of Artificial Insemination (IB) services were 50,68% or only a difference of 1,36% were considered less useful. Respondents who stated that they had experienced the development of beef cattle since the CallNak Center was 82,19%, while only 17,81% had ever developed. The results of the analysis show that animal health services and health status checks and those which significantly affect Artificial Insemination do not significantly affect the development of cattle in Parepare City.
Dara Puspita, Ahyar Ismail, Burhanuddin Burhanuddin
Published: 22 September 2021
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 109-121; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.109-121

Abstract:
Along with the Indonesian government project to develop science technopark, the Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia has established Cigombong Agricultural Technopark (ATP). Agroeduwisata program is one of the Cigombong Agricultural Techno Park (ATP) programs as a tool for agricultural technology dissemination as well as become one of the business units for income-generating. To increase the number of visitors, the manager should explore the existing weaknesses and strengths to define the priorities of improvement to increase the visitor’s satisfaction. This study aims (1) to measure the satisfaction level of visitors on the Cigombong ATP agroeduwisata program, and (2) to identify the importance and performance level of the program. The research was conducted in September-October 2020 by a survey of 34 visitors to the Cigombong ATP agroeduwisata program. A descriptive analysis was developed by using the Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI) and Importance Performance Analysis (IPA). The results suggested that visitors were satisfied with a CSI value of 78.79 per cent. Furthermore, according to IPA, the improvement of the safety of location and accommodation facilities should be prioritized and further developed Meanwhile, the attributes including the benefits of agroeduwisata, the responsiveness of services, comfort of the location, politeness and friendliness. guides, ease of communication for carrying out activities, agroeduwisata activity packages offered, supporting facilities, consumption facilities and tidiness of guides were found to perform quite good and therefore should be consistently maintained. In addition, the attributes such as ticket prices, promotions, the response of complaints and access to the location were found to be less prioritized.
Layla Ekrep, Endriatmo Soetarto
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], Volume 5, pp 509-521; https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.v5i4.867

Abstract:
Penetapan kawasan Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak (TNGHS) dirangkum dalam SK Menteri Kehutanan No. 175/Kpts-II/2003 yakni perluasan wilayah kawasan konservasi menjadi ± 113.357 hektar yang menggabungkan hutan Gunung Halimun, hutan Koridor Halimun-Salak, dan hutan Gunung Salak. Masyarakat Dusun Cisarua sebagai masyarakat agraris tepian kawasan TNGHS melakukan kegiatan menggarap di wilayah Koridor sejak sebelum penetapan TNGHS. Penelitian ditujukan untuk menganalisis dampak penetapan kawasan taman nasional terhadap struktur agraria masyarakat dilihat dari sudut pandang pola penguasaan lahan dan pola hubungan agraria, serta dampak terhadap hak kelola atas lahan TNGHS bagi petani penggarap, sehingga menimbulkan adanya respon dari masyarakat tepian kawasan konservasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan instrumen kuesioner dan dikuatkan data kualitatif. Jumlah responden 40 orang yang ditentukan dengan teknik simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi perubahan pola penguasaan lahan masyarakat dan memiliki hubungan kurang berarti dengan tingkat hak kelola lahan garapan oleh petani penggarap. Kata Kunci: Hak kelola lahan, Pola hubungan agraria, Pola penguasaan lahan, Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak
Ferry Fathurrohman, Dina Nurdinawati
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], Volume 5, pp 473-483; https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.v5i4.865

Abstract:
Pembangunan di dalam sebuah negara merupakan salah satu bentuk perubahan yang direncanakan. Sesuai dengan Instruksi Presiden Nomor 9 tahun 2000 tentang Pengarusutamaan Gender (PUG), pembangunan nasional yang diimplementasikan ke dalam setiap program, kebijakan, dan kegiatan harus berprespektif gender. Selain dibentuk melalui program dan kebijakan, PUG juga diwujudkan melalui pembentukan organisasi. Tujuan penelitian ini secara khusus adalah mengidentifikasi tingkat keaktifan dan tingkat pemenuhan kebutuhan perempuan aktivis organisasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif (metode sensus) yang didukung oleh data kualitatif (wawancara mendalam). Responden pada penelitian ini adalah pengurus dan anggota Kelompok Wanita Tani (KWT) Ciharashas yang berjumlah tiga puluh orang. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah tingkat keaktifan dan tingkat pemenuhan kebutuhan praktis berada pada kategori tinggi, serta tingkat pemenuhan kebutuhan strategis perempuan aktivis dalam organisasi berada pada kategori rendah. Selain itu, terdapat hubungan antara karakteristik ekonomi dengan tingkat keaktifan perempuan aktivis dalam organisasi, serta terdapat pula hubungan antara tingkat keaktifan perempuan aktivis dalam organisasi dengan tingkat pemenuhan kebutuhannya di dalam organisasi tersebut. Kata kunci: Keaktifan perempuan, Kebutuhan perempuan, Perempuan aktivis
Martina Herliana, Lala M Kolopaking, Lukman Hakim
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], Volume 5, pp 547-562; https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.v5i4.862

Abstract:
Keberhasilan dan kegagalan desa wisata dapat ditentukan oleh kepemimpinan Ketua Pokdarwis. Gaya kepemimpinan digunakan sebagai upaya untuk menggerakkan organisasi dalam mewujudkan keberhasilan Desa Wisata secara efektif dan efisien Persoalannya, gaya kepemimpinan yang bagaimana yang cocok untuk menghasilkan keberhasilan desa wisata. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan gaya kepemimpinan ketua pokdarwis dan keberhasilan desa wisata di Kampung Wisata Batik Giriloyo melalui variabel antara yakni pemberdayaan masyarakat. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan tabel frekuensi dan uji korelasi rank spearman untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kedua variabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan nyata antara gaya kepemimpinan ketua pokdarwis (gaya kepemimpinan otoriter, gaya kepemimpinan demokratis dan gaya kepemimpinan laissez-faire) dengan keberhasilan Kampung Wisata Batik Giriloyo. Selain itu terdapat hubungan sangat nyata antara gaya kepemimpinan demokratis dengan keberhasilan Kampung Wisata Batik Giriloyo. Namun, tidak terdapat hubungan nyata antara gaya kepemimpinan otoriter dan gaya kepemimpinan laissez-faire dengan keberhasilan Kampung Wisata Batik Giriloyo. Kata kunci: Gaya kepemimpinan, Keberhasilan desa wisata, Pemberdayaan masyarakat
Fitri Suminar Megantara, Nuraini W Prasodjo
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], Volume 5, pp 577-596; https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.v5i4.858

Abstract:
Ketahanan pangan masih menjadi isu global yang mendapat perhatian serius dari berbagai negara internasional. Pertanian dengan sistem agroforestri dapat ditawarkan untuk mengatasi masalah pangan. Namun, permasalahan ketidaksetaraan gender dinilai dapat menjadi penyebab masalah kerawanan pangan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memetakan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga petani agroforestri dan kaitannya dengan pengambilan keputusan rumah tangga serta peran pembagian peran dalam pengelolaan pangan rumah tangga petani agroforestri. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan mengambil sampel 60 rumah tangga petani agroforestri di Desa Sukaluyu, Kecamatan Nanggung, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan dengan instrumen kuesioner dan didukung dengan data kualitatif melalui panduan wawancara mendalam. Hasil dari penelitian ini menemukan adanya hubungan positif antara pembagian peran gender dengan tipe pengambilan keputusan rumah tangga petani agroforestri. Hubungan positif juga ditemukan antara tipe pengambilan keputusan rumah tangga dalam menentukan alokasi lahan untuk budidaya dengan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga petani agroforestri. Kata kunci: Agroforestri, gender, ketahanan pangan, pengambilan keputusan, rumah tangga
Armelia Agustina, Titik Sumarti
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], Volume 5, pp 597-606; https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.v5i4.871

Abstract:
Corporate Social Responsibility merupakan bentuk tanggung jawab sosial perusahaan kepada masyarakat dan lingkungan sekitar yang terdampak ataupun kepada sasaran secara luas dengan berupa program untuk meningkatkan keberdayaan masyarakat. Pelaksanaan program CSR perlu memperhatikan bagaimana ukuran keberhasilan program. Salah satu program unggulan CSR yang telah dilaksanakan PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa Tbk adalah program Kampung Ramah Lingkungan (KRL) yang menjadi model pemberdayaan berbasis pelestarian lingkungan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan tingkat keberhasilan program CSR Kampung Ramah Lingkungan PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa dengan tingkat keberdayaan masyarakat Perumahan Indogreen. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan/metode kuantitatif dengan desain survei. Pengambilan sample secara purposive sampling, sebanyak 45 responden, yang terdaftar sebagai anggota KRL program binaan CSR di Perumahan Indogreen kabupaten Bogor. Untuk memperkaya deskripsi, penelitian didukung data kualitatif yang diperoleh melalui wawancara terhadap informan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat keberhasilan program CSR Kampung Ramah Lingkungan PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa di Perumahan Indogreen tinggi dan tingkat keberdayaan masyarakat di Perumahan Indogreen juga tinggi. Selain itu, hubungan antara tingkat keberhasilan program CSR dengan tingkat keberdayaan masyarakat bersifat lemah dan bernilai positif nyata. Kata kunci: Corporate social responsibility, Lingkungan, Pemberdayaan
Intan Shafa Maurizka, Soeryo Adiwibowo
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], Volume 5, pp 496-508; https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.v5i4.866

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis strategi adaptasi nelayan terhadap dampak perubahan iklim. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif yang dikombinasikan dengan wawancara mendalam kepada sejumlah tokoh. Sejumlah 30 responden ditetapkan sebagai responden dengan menggunakan teknik pengambilan sampel secara purposive. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, pertama, sejak tahun 2015 rumah tangga nelayan mengalami dampak dari perubahan iklim berupa kenaikan muka air laut, banjir rob, dan perubahan cuaca. Tahun 2020 kenaikan muka air laut telah menggenangi rumah warga dan fasilitas umum sepanjang hari. Sebanyak 22 dari 30 responden melakukan adaptasi dengan cara meningkatkan tinggi lantai atau dinding rumah (73 persen). Kedua, sejumlah 29 dari 30 responden (97 persen) tidak mengubah strategi nafkah, lokasi dan periode penangkapan ikan, maupun alat tangkap ikan. Adaptasi nelayan Desa Pecakaran terhadap banjir rob masih sebatas adaptasi fisik rumah. Kata kunci: Perubahan iklim, dampak sosio-ekologis, strategi adaptasi
Venny Kartika Manik, Djuara P Lubis
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], Volume 5, pp 484-495; https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.v5i4.861

Abstract:
Menurut Undang-undang No.10 Tahun 2009 tentang Kepariwisataan, bahwa keadaan alam, flora, dan fauna, peninggalan sejarah, seni, dan budaya yang dimiliki bangsa Indonesia merupakan sumber daya dan modal pembangunan kepariwisataan untuk peningkatan kemakmuran dan kesejahteraan rakyat. Partisipasi dan dukungan dari masyarakat merupakan hal yang penting untuk keberlangsungan dan keberlanjutan desa wisata. Tingkat partisipasi masyarakat bisa dilihat mulai dari tahap pengambilan keputusan, pelaksanaan, dan evaluasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan antara tingkat partisipasi yang dilakukan dalam pengelolaan Desa Wisata Nglanggeran dengan perubahan kesejahteraan anggota Pokdarwis. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu pendekatan kuantitatif dengan jumlah responden 50 orang dan didukung oleh data wawancara mendalam kepada informan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang kuat antara jenis usaha wisata pada karakteristik individu dengan tingkat partisipasi anggota Pokdarwis, tingkat partisipasi anggota Pokdarwis memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan perubahan kesejahteraan dalam aspek tingkat pendapatan, kondisi lingkungan, dan kondisi sosial. Kata Kunci: Desa wisata, Partisipasi, Perubahan kesejahteraan
Kintan Ayu Septiani Hidayat, Nurmala K. Pandjaitan
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], Volume 5, pp 536-546; https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.v5i4.870

Abstract:
Pandemi Covid-19 yang terjadi sejak awal tahun 2020 sampai saat ini memberikan dampak buruk bagi kesehatan, sosial, dan ekonomi. Menghadapi gangguan akibat bencana ini komunitas harus mampu beradaptasi agar dapat bertahan hidup, terutama komunitas miskin yang merupakan kelompok rentan. Komunitas miskin merupakan komunitas yang tidak berdaya serta memiliki keterbatasan ekonomi. Ancaman besar akibat pandemi ini ialah akan meningkatkan kemiskinan akibat guncangan ekonomi dan pembatasan aktivitas. Tujuan penelitian ini akan mengkaji ketahanan komunitas miskin di pedesaan menghadapi pandemi yang ditinjau melalui kapasitas adaptasi dan tindakan kolektif komunitas. Metode yang digunakan adalah survei menggunakan instrumen kuesioner, observasi, dan wawancara mendalam. Pemilihan responden menggunakan teknik sample random sampling dan didapatkan sample sebanyak 40 responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketahanan komunitas miskin di pedesaan tidak terbangun karena komunitas tidak mampu beradaptasi dalam menghadapi pandemi dan tidak adanya upaya kolektif yang dilakukan untuk mengatasi permasalahan bersama selama pandemi. Komunitas cenderung mengandalkan bantuan dan dukungan eksternal dari pihak luar komunitas untuk bertahan menghadapi pandemi Covid-19. Kata Kunci: Kapasitas adaptasi, Aksi kolektif, Resiliensi komunitas
, Candra Gudiato, Sri Yulianto Joko Prasetyo, Charitas Fibriani
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 219-239; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.34771

Abstract:
Community-based ecotourism is an appropriate approach which is effectively preserved mangrove sustainability. As an effort to identify the priority areas of mangrove development, mangrove density levels need to be analyzed. The distribution of mangroves with the lowest average density value needs to be prioritized as a preservation and conservation strategy through community-based ecotourism concept. This article aims to identify the distribution of mangroves using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) model in North Halmahera Regency, Indonesia. Also, discuss the sustainable livelihoods' perspective. This study adopted a mixed-method. Data processing is divided into two stages: first stage, mapping the distribution of mangroves based on density levels; second stage, triangulation. Landsat 8 operational land imager (OLI) in 2013 and 2021 were used as primary data to get the NDVI value, and categorized mangrove density level in Pilawang Cape, Kumo Island, Kakara Island, Maiti Island, and Tagalaya Island. The findings show that Pilawang Cape has the lowest NDVI value. The average NDVI value in 2021 is 0.22 which can be categorized as a rare mangrove forest according to the mangrove standard damage criteria. Thus, Mangrove area in Pilawang Cape needs to be prioritized as a preservation and conservation strategy through community-based ecotourism concept.
Suko Ismi, Deny Suhermawan Yusup, Sephia Anjani
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 261-268; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.35454

Abstract:
Copepod adalah pakan alami yang memiliki ukuran kecil pada stadia naupli dengan nilai nutrisi yang tinggi. Cocok sebagai pakan awal larva ikan laut dengan bukaan mulut kecil. Tujuan penelitian mengetahui hasil panen copepod dari Genus Acartia sebagai pakan alami pada kultur masal, untuk pakan larva pada produksi benih ikan laut. Penelitian dilakukan pada Tahun 2020, di Balai Besar Riset Budidaya Laut dan Penyuluhan Perikanan, Gondol-Bali. Penelitian dibagi menjadi 2 tahap, pertama adalah untuk mengetahui pola pertumbuhan copepod sebagai acuan panen pada penelitian ke dua. Copepod dipelihara pada 3 buah toples volume 10 L. Penelitian ke dua untuk mengetahui jumlah copepod yang dipanen pada kultur masal sebagai persedian pakan. Kultur menggunakan 3 bak fiber bervolume 1.000 L. Inokulasi yang diberikan stadia copepodit dengan kepadatan 50 ind/L. Copepod diberi pakan buatan dan dipelihara hingga kepadatan menurun. Berdasarkan pola pertumbuhan kepadatan copepod dari penelitian pertama maka panen copepod penelitian ke dua dimulai hari ke delapan. Hasil panen tertinggi stadia naupli dicapai hari ke tujuh belas dengan kepadatan 184,7 ind/L, stadia copepodit 4,4 ind/L. Hasil kulur copepod tidak cukup dipakai sebagai pakan utama pada produksi larva secara masal dan hanya dapat dipakai sebagai campuran pakan alami untuk menambah nilai nutrisi bagi larva.
Heny Budi Setyorini, Amallia Puspitasari
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 283-293; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.33654

Abstract:
Kandungan protein dan karbohidrat pada makroalga diperlukan untuk mengoptimalkan pemanfaatan makroalga di Pantai Sepanjang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan protein dan karbohidrat pada makroalga di Pantai Sepanjang, Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Agustus-September 2020 di Pantai Sepanjang, Yogyakarta. Materi penelitian ini meliputi makroalga jenis Ulva lactuta, Palmaria palmata, Sargassum crassifolium, Gelidium spinosum, Gelidiella acerosa, dan Gracilaria verrucosa. Sampel makroalga secara purposive sampling pada zona intertidal Pantai Sepanjang. Analisis kandungan protein menggunakan metode Biuret, sedangkan analisis kandungan karbohidrat menggunakan metode by difference. Hasil menujukkan bahwa kandungan protein dan karbohidrat tertinggi terdapat pada G. spinosum di bagian tengah Pantai Sepanjang masing-masing sebesar 3,08% dan 19,38%. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, G. spinosum memiliki potensi untuk dikembangkan dalam berbagai produk olahan dengan penelitian lebih lanjut.
Desti Nurul Ramadona, Churun Ain, Sigit Febrianto, Suryanti, Nurul Latifah
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 319-332; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.33770

Abstract:
Peningkatan emisi Gas Rumah Kaca (GRK) terutama karbondioksida (CO2) menyebabkan pemanasan global. Oleh karena itu diperlukan mitigasi emisi CO2 dengan memanfaatkan potensi lamun sebagai penyimpan karbon dalam bentuk biomassa. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui kemampuan lamun jaringan atas dan jaringan bawah dalam menyimpan karbon di perairan Pantai Pokemon pada Agustus 2020. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode survei dan deskriptif eksploratif. Sampel diambil dari 3 stasiun pengamatan dengan line dan kuadrant transect menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Pengukuran parameter kualitas perairan dilakukan secara insitu. Analisis simpanan karbon lamun diukur menggunakan metode pengabuan atau loss on ignition (LOI). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 4 jenis lamun yaitu Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia hemprichii, Cymodocea rotundata, dan Halophila ovalis dengan jenis T. hemprichii yang mendominasi. Total kerapatan sebesar 295,62 ind/m2 dan total penutupan yaitu 21,29%. Biomassa secara keseluruhan sebesar 74,42 gbk/m2 dengan biomassa jaringan atas sebesar 35,80 gbk/m2 dan jaringan bawah sebesar 38,62 gbk/m2. Simpanan karbon sebesar 0,23 ton C/ha dengan jaringan atas sebesar 0,10 ton C/ha dan jaringan bawah 0,13 ton C/ha. Total stok karbon mencapai 1,13 ton C dalam luasan padang lamun sebesar 4,903 ha dengan stok karbon jaringan atas bernilai 0,51 ton C dan jaringan bawah sebesar 0,62 ton C. Secara umum lamun jaringan bawah di Pantai Pokemon lebih besar menyimpan karbon.
Aswin, Ario Damar, Gatot Yulianto
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 305-318; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.33636

Abstract:
Ekosistem mangrove merupakan salah satu ekosistem pesisir dengan tingkat produktivitas yang tinggi, sehingga keberadaannya dapat memperkaya kawasan pesisir dan menjaga keseimbangan ekosistem. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan perubahan luasan dan sebaran ekosistem mangrove dalam kurun waktu 20 tahun, yakni dari tahun 2000 sampai dengan 2020 dan untuk mengetahui kondisi vegetasi ekosistem mangrove di Pulau Tanakeke. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Januari hingga April 2020 di Pulau Tanakeke. Penentuan lokasi penelitian menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Analisis perubahan luasan ekosistem mangrove dari tahun 2000 sampai 2020 menggunakan metode supervised classification dengan analisis maximum likelihood, sedangkan kondisi vegetasi ekosistem mangrove menggunakan metode analisis indeks nilai penting (INP) dan indeks keanekaragaman jenis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekosistem mangrove di Pulau Tanakeke dari tahun 2000 sampai 2020 mengalami degradasi seluas -337,41 ha (28,32% dari luas tahun 2000). Pada lokasi penelitian ditemukan 9 jenis mangrove, yaitu Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Ceriops tagal, Rhizophora stylosa, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Sonneratia alba, Phemphis acidula, Lumnitzera racemosa dan Ceriops decandra. Mangrove jenis Rhizophora mucronata memiliki indeks nilai penting tertinggi yaitu sebesar 192,55%, sementara untuk keanekaragaman jenis secara umum tergolong rendah.
Rahmat Sawalman, Neviaty Putri Zamani, Shinta Werorilangi, Meutia Samira Ismet
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 241-259; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.34587

Abstract:
Mikroplastik (MP) telah ditemukan di berbagai lingkungan laut khususnya pada ikan, dan informasi terkait akumulasi mikroplastik pada organ-organ ikan masih sangat terbatas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan keberadaan mikroplastik pada organ insang, saluran pencernaan, dan daging ikan ekonomis penting (Hemiramphus far, Siganus virgatus, dan Lethrinus lentjan) di perairan Pulau Barranglompo, Makassar, serta mengidentifikasi karakteristik mikroplastik meliputi warna, bentuk, dan ukuran. Setiap organ diekstraksi menggunakan KOH 20% dan pengamatan karakteristik MP dilakukan secara visual menggunakan mikroskop stereo. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mikroplastik ditemukan di insang, saluran pencernaan, dan daging dari ketiga spesies ikan. Tingkat deteksi mikroplastik pada masing-masing H. far, S. virgatus, dan L. lentjan adalah 100%, 100%, dan 82%. Karakteristik warna mikroplastik didominasi oleh biru, bentuk mikroplastik didominasi oleh line, dan kisaran ukuran mikroplastik didominasi 1–5 mm. Penelitian lebih lanjut perlu dilakukan untuk melihat akumulasi mikroplastik pada setiap organ secara eksperimental di laboratorium.
Hilyatul Fadliyah, Atik Nurwahyuni, Faradiba
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 92-110; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.92-110

Abstract:
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) encourages the community to prioritize basic and personal health needs. This study aimed to explore the consumer behaviour of traditional medicine and health supplements during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia using the Consumer Decision Model approach. A quick online cross-sectional survey involving 215 respondents was carried out from December 23, 2020, until January 2, 2021. This study revealed that the majority of respondents consume the products as forced by the pandemic situation, and their use has increased than before the pandemic. The primary reason for consuming the product is to increase their immunity during a pandemic, and they felt more healthy after consuming it. Social media and television are the primary sources of product information. Furthermore, we found that the majority of respondents were branded product consumers. Respondents were more likely to have good behaviour based on knowledge of the products' legality, dosage, indication, instructions for use, and expiration date. This study sets appropriate consumer behaviour and performs the statistical tests only for branded product consumers. It is concluded that consumer behaviour in this study is related to product advertisement exposure and acceptance, environmental influence, and individual difference.
Tera Fit Rayani, Yuni Resti, Ratih Kemala Dewi
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 36-41; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.36-41

Abstract:
This experiment was aimed to compare varieties and harvest time of green hydroponic fodder based on it’s quantity and quality. Green fodder is made from corn kernels, mung beans and unhulled rice. Green fodder was grown by mart hydroponics sensors and Arduino systems for controlling the water irrigation system and environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity. Quantity of green hydroponic fodder (corn, mung bean and unhulled rice) based on the biomass production. Quality of green hydroponic fodder based on nutrient content of the forage biomass (dry matter, crude protein, ash, ether extract, crude fiber and nitrogen free extract). Experimental design for fodder productivity was a completely randomized design with 3 x 3 factorial, i.e seed varieties (corn, mung bean and unhulled rice) and harvesting age of the green hydroponic fodder (7, 14 and 21 d). The results showed that total biomass was affected significantly (p<0.05) by harvesting age. Total biomass was increased with longer harvesting age of fodder. Corn green fodder and unhulled rice green fodder produce larger biomass than mung bean green fodder (p<0.05). The nutrient content of greenfodder were higher compared to the seeds. its quality and quantity, the best harvesting age of corn and unhulled rice green fodder was 14 days. Therefore smart hydroponic fodder can be an alternative to provide good quality fodder and land preservative. Key words: feed, hydroponic, green fodder
Desima Natalia Harianja, P D M H Karti, I Prihantoro
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 59-65; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.59-65

Abstract:
Alfalfa in dry stress conditions cannot grow optimally. Drought inhibits growth and reduces alfalfa production in many cultivation systems. Plants breeding with gamma-ray irradiation and in vitro selection using PEG found somaclonal variants adapted to grow well in drought conditions. This study aims to determine the type of mutation with the best morphology in dry stress conditions. Alfalfa mutants resulting from gamma irradiation were sub-cultured in vitro. Alfalfa mutants cultured in PEG medium, according to treatments. This experiment used completely randomized factorial design with 2 factors, namely the gamma-ray irradiation doses (0 Gy, 100 Gy, 200 Gy, 300 Gy, 400 and 500 Gy), and PEG concentrations (5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% ). The variables observed were viability, plant height, number of leaves, wet weight, medium shrinkage, leaf wilting, and leaf color. The results showed that the gamma-irradiated mutant had a better (p<0.05) morphology than the control (0 Gy) in the face of dry stress conditions. Combination of 500 Gy and 20% PEG concentration resulted the best type of mutant. Key words: alfalfa, in vitro, gamma rays, PEG
Yanuar Achadri, Evert Yulianes Hosang, Procula Rudlof Matitaputty, Christofel John Benhard Sendow
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 42-48; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.42-48

Abstract:
Corn waste agricultural by-product that can be used for animal feed at Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) has a longer dry climate than the rainy ones, caused difficulties in terms of feeding. Farmers utilize corn waste as feed resource. This study was carried out to determine the potential corn waste and evaluate the potential capacities of livestock from corn waste as animal feed. The data was obtained from farmer group, collected during December 2019 to April 2020 in Oeteta Village, Kupang Timur - NTT. The data of corn waste material production included corn straw (stalks and leaves), corn cob, and corn husk in 7 hectares area. Data were collected by using the survey with simple random sampling for estimation of carrying capacity value. The results showed that the fresh corn waste production on the land area of 7 hectares in the Oeteta village were fresh corn straw (451,101 kg year-1), corn cob (65,225.58 kg year-1), corn husk (10,870.86 kg year-1), and total 527,197.44 kg year-1 of corn waste production. Utilization of corn waste as feed stock with the use of 30% in the ration generated a carrying capacity of 352 cattle and 2,464 goats respectively, have a carrying capacity 352 head of beef cattle and 2,464 head of goats, whereas if the use was 40% in the ration, the carrying capacity was 264 cattle and 1,851 goats. It could be concluded that the feed from corn waste available in Oeteta Village, Kupang Regency, NTT, which is 7 ha of area have sufficient carrying capacity for livestock. Key words: carrying capacity, corn waste, Oeteta Nusa Tenggara Timur
Moh. Djemdjem Djamaludin, Dewi Mutia Silmie
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 167-182; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.165-180

Abstract:
Coffee consumption is increasing because many types of coffee are circulating, such as instant coffee among the public. The instant coffee studied in this study is the Iwan Fals edition of instant coffee. This study aimed to analyse the lifestyle and effectiveness of instant coffee advertising on instant coffee consumption among peri-urban farmers in Bogor Regency. This study used a cross-sectional study design located in Cibungbulang District, Bogor Regency. The location was chosen purposive because it is a peri-urban area that has more than 20% of agricultural land. A total of 100 respondents in this study were selected using a purposive sampling method with the criteria of a farmer and in the last 12 months consuming and viewing Iwan Fals edition coffee advertisements. The results of this study found that the maker's lifestyle is the most (32%) owned by the respondents. The effectiveness of instant coffee advertising in this study is included in the effective category (3.54). The results showed a relationship between gender, believing lifestyle, trying hard lifestyle with instant coffee consumption. The influence test results found an influence of male gender and lifestyle beliefs on instant coffee consumption. In general, respondents are classified as effective in consuming coffee because of their lifestyle and increase energy.
Danu Chandra Saputra, Laily Dwi Arsyianti, Imam Teguh Saptono
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 129-150; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.129-149

Abstract:
Management of Waqf by individual collectors dominates Waqf management in Indonesia. However, since Waqf laws stated that The individual and an institution could manage Waqf, the opportunity to develop Waqf is more open for Waqf institutions. One of the established Waqf institutions is the Daarut Tauhiid Waqf institution. This study aims to identify and analyze existing strategies and generate development strategies for Islamic Boarding School-based Waqf. The research method used was descriptive qualitative by using Business Model Canvas (BMC), Strength Weakness Opportunity Threat (SWOT), and Analytical Network Process (ANP) approaches. The researchers conducted this study in Daarut Tauhiid Islamic Boarding School Bandung from November 2020 to March 2021. The respondents were practitioners, namely the director and staff of Daarut Tauhiid Waqf institution, regulators from the Ministry of Religion, and academics from universities in Bogor and Jakarta. Data were collected from in-depth interviews and questionnaires from respondents. The most important development strategy to be implemented in the Daarut Tauhiid Waqf institution is the development of human resources competency. Therefore, competent human resources can establish a trusted, professional, and trustworthy team managing Waqf-based Islamic boarding schools.
Emilio De la Rosa, Mennofatria Boer, Taryono, Handoko Adi
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 345-360; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.35824

Abstract:
Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries-Reserve (TURF-Reserve) adalah salah satu bentuk dari pendekatan pengelolaan sumber daya perikanan berbasis hak yang dapat meningkatkan efektivitas dan upaya konservasi ekosistem terumbu karang di kawasan konservasi perairan (KKP). Dewan Adat Suku Maya dan masyarakat adat di Teluk Mayalibit mendeklarasikan Kelola Perikanan Adat (KPA), suatu bentuk pengelolaan sumber daya perikanan yang mengombinasikan hak ulayat laut, kearifan ekologi tradisional, dan prinsip-prinsip TURF-Reserve. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengukur kondisi kesehatan ekosistem terumbu karang untuk melihat efektivitas KPA dalam menjaga kondisi ekosistem terumbu karang di Teluk Mayalibit. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Point Intercept Transect (PIT) dan transek sabuk ikan untuk mengumpulkan data kesehatan terumbu karang. Kondisi ekosistem terumbu karang diukur menggunakan lima indikator dengan ambang batas ekologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan nilai biomassa ikan karang dan proporsi biomassa ikan herbivor dari kondisi sebelumnya, hal ini mengindikasikan ekosistem terumbu karang yang sehat. Nilai rasio makroalga: karang keras hidup serta rasio fished: unfished yang menurun jika dibandingkan dengan kondisi sebelumnya mengindikasikan ekosistem terumbu karang yang berstatus moderat. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, disimpulkan bahwa ekosistem terumbu karang di Teluk Mayalibit masih berada dalam kondisi yang sehat dan aktivitas perikanan karang masih terkendali di dalam batas yang mendukung kelestarian. Hal ini memberikan indikasi bahwa KPA masih efektif dalam menjaga kondisi ekosistem terumbu karang dan membantu upaya konservasi serta pengelolaan sumber daya perikanan karang di Teluk Mayalibit.
Azib Ernawati -, Luki Abdullah, Idat Galih Permana
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 49-58; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.49-58

Abstract:
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the mineral contents of I. zollingeriana growing with different planting densities. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with three different planting densities (8,000 plants per ha, 13,333 plants per ha, and 20,000 plants per ha) and 3 replication. Plant biomass was analyzed for macro and micro mineral contents as well as Ca:P ratio. The results showed that increased planting densities significantly increased (p<0.05) P, Cu, and Cr contents, but decreased Ca and Na contents had no significant effect on Mg, K, Mn, Zn and Fe contents. Furthermore, the increased planting densities significantly decreased (p<0.05) uptakes of Ca, K, Mn, and Fe by the plants, but increased (p<0.05) the uptakes of Cu and Cr. Meanwhile, the uptakes of P, K, Na, and Zn were not affected by planting densities. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the planting density of I. zollingeriana should be maintained in 8,000 plants ha-1 to maintain the content and uptake of mineral in forage crops. Key words: defoliation periods, Indigofera zollingeriana, macrominerals, micro minerals, planting density
Dietriech Geoffrey Bengen
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.37536

Wa Ode Nur Asma La Dia Nur, Wayan Kantun, Arnold Kabangnga
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 333-343; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.34871

Abstract:
Pencemaran plastik memiliki efek terhadap perairan laut dan terbatasnya informasi mengenai dampak terhadap saluran pencernaan ikan migrasi. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kandungan mikroplastik pada sistem pencernaan ikan yang terletak pada bagian usus dan identifikasi jenis polimer mikroplastik pada daging ikan tuna mata besar yang didaratkan di pelabuhan ikan Wakatobi. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret sampai Juli 2020 di Kabupaten Wakatobi. Proses identifikasi kandungan mikroplastik pada usus ikan tuna mata besar dilakukan dengan 4 tahap, yaitu (1) tahap pembedahan ikan, (2) pemisahan densitas, (3) penghilangan senyawa organik, (4) pengamatan visual. Identifikasi jenis polimer mikroplastik pada daging ikan tuna mata besar dianalisis menggunakan fourrier trasform infrared (FTIR). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat mikroplastik pada usus ikan tuna mata besar berjumlah dua belas partikel dengan tipe mikroplastik berupa fiber berwarna biru, cokelat dan merah. Ukuran mikroplastik yang ditemukan yaitu 0,701-4,305 mm. Hasil analisis FTIR pada daging ikan menunjukkan senyawa polyethylene ditandai dengan adanya ikatan C=O stretch.
Alex Retraubun, Winster Larwuy, Ong T. S. Ongkers
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 295-304; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.37543

Abstract:
Ikan selar adalah sumberdaya perikanan pelagis kecil yang potensial di perairan teritorial Indonesia dan berada di Provinsi Maluku, khususnya di perairan Seram Barat. Penelitian ini dilakukan di perairan Seram Barat, Maluku, dari bulan Maret 2018 sampai Februari 2019. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mempelajari kondisi stok ikan Selar (Selar crumenopththalmus) didasarkan pada dinamika populasi dari distribusi frekuensi panjang. Contoh ikan dikoleksi tiap bulan di tempat pendaratan dari nelayan lift net. Total 1890 individu dikoleksi selama penelitian kecuali bulan Juni yang terdiri dari 925 jantan dan 965 betina dengan panjang berkisar dari 13,3 cm sampai 27,2 cm yang terdiri dari 2 dan 3 kelompok umur tiap bulan. Kondisi stok ikan selar didasarkan pada analisis hasil per penambahan individu baru menunjukkan bahwa stok masih di bawah tingkat MSY (0,03 dari 0,047) yang diperoleh dari L∞= 27,40 cm, K= 1,55/yr, Z= 3,66/tahun, M= 2,51/tahun, F= 1,15/tahun, E= 0,32/tahun, Lc (panjang utk pertama kali tertangkap)= 19,92 cm and t0= -0,10/ yr. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi nilai Lc ikan selar di Perairan Seram Barat akan semakin selektif dan sebaliknya.
Nurhasima, Aditya Hikmat Nugraha, Dedy Kurniawan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13, pp 269-281; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.34551

Abstract:
The health of coral reef ecosystems can be seen through the emergence of coral recruitment. Aim of this research was to compared the scleractinia coral recruitment list based on genus, life form, and variations in size of the scleractinia coral recuit in the waters of Kampung Baru Lagoi and Teluk Bakau Village, Bintan Regency by geomorfology zone. The research was conducted using a Purposive sampling method in consideration of the presence of scleractinia coral in reef flat and reef slope areas using a 1x1 m square frame mounted along a 70 m transverse line parallel to the shoreline. Research has found 164 colonies of 24 genus dominated by Favia and Favites. Based on the most extensive life form of Coral encrusting and Coral massive variations in size 4.5-6 cm or medium category. The results of t test showed that the geomorphological differences in the research locations did not have a significant impact on the abundance of corals recruitment
Dietriech Geoffrey Bengen
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.37537

Miranti Alfiah Saraswati, Ujang Sumarwan
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 151-166; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.150-164

Abstract:
Organic food products are produced without pesticides or genetic engineering. This study analyses the variable product characteristics, website characteristics, Instagram account characteristics, and claims characteristics. This study aimed to analyze the content of claims for organic food on websites and Instagram stores based on the Consumer Protection Law No. 8 of 1999. This study used an exploratory design with content analysis methods. The sample was selected using purposive sampling, namely 100 online shops that sell organic food with details of 50 websites and 50 Instagram accounts. The data collected was categorized and processed using Microsoft Excel, Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) 23.0 and Nvivo 12 Plus. The analysis results show that 56% of website and Instagram stores use subjective claims and 40% using objective claims. As much as 47% of online stores, both websites and Instagram, are categorized as not misleading, and 53% are categorized as misleading or deceptive claims such as ambiguous. 22% of online shops violate Article 8 Paragraph 1, and 20% of online stores violate Article 9 of the Consumer Protection Law.
Iqra Rizky Goranda, Popong Nurhayati, Megawati Simanjuntak
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 111-128; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.111-128

Abstract:
XYZ e-commerce is a company that sells an agricultural product that draws benefits from the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this research was to analyze CRM factors, satisfaction, and consumer loyalty. This study using quantitative research selected with convenience sampling. The online survey applied toward 232 respondents who were unsatisfied with the service in Jabodetabek and processed using Structural Equation Model (SEM). Based on the SEM results, it was found that CRM has a significant effect on consumer satisfaction and consumer satisfaction with consumer loyalty. In contrast, CRM has no significant effect on consumer loyalty. This research concluded that XYZ needs to become a company that makes it easy for consumers, is professional, reliable and trustworthy. However, efforts need to be made to improve the relationship between criticism and suggestions, communication and providing information, regulating product availability, delivery time, and saving consumer costs—the results of this research results are expected to increase satisfaction and loyalty through the CRM approach.
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