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Flaviana Agustiani Yuniargo, Senny Harindahyani
Akuntansi dan Teknologi Informasi, Volume 14, pp 66-86; https://doi.org/10.24123/jati.v14i2.4658

Abstract:
Earnings management is a manager's choice to choose accounting policies or real actions to achieve certain earnings goals. This study aims to examine the effect of the gender financial expertise of the audit committee on earnings management practices. This study uses 852 samples of non-financial companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2016-2018 by using multiple linear regression analysis with classical assumption testing. The result of this study is the indication that committee audit financial expertise (EXPERT), proportion of the number of women on the audit committee (ACFD), and proportion of female financial experts on the audit committee (FEMEX) do not have a significant influence on earnings management as measured by using discretionary accruals. On the contrary, the proportion of male financial experts on the audit committee (MALEX), has a significant positive effect on earnings management. This shows that the presence of financial expertise that affects earnings management has been influenced by the sex of male financial experts. This research is in accordance with the theory that reveals that there are different effects with the existence of gender differences in a company.
Muhammad Ismail Saleh, Muhammad Wisnu Girindratama
Akuntansi dan Teknologi Informasi, Volume 14, pp 32-49; https://doi.org/10.24123/jati.v14i2.4669

Abstract:
This study aims to identify using empirical research how the impact of E-commerce on the auditing profession. The object of this research is the auditor who works at the Public Accounting Firm (KAP) in the city of Surabaya. Data collection was done by doing a survey through a questionnaire media. The primary data generated by 60 questionnaires can be processed using Partial Least Square. Evaluation of the model in PLS is done by evaluating the outer model and inner model. The data in this study were collected through questionnaires and analyzed by using a simple linear regression model. The results of the study found that the implementation of e-audit has a positive and significant effect on auditor performance. The auditor performance is influenced by an e-audit factor of 83% and the remaining is influenced by other factors.
Saiful Anam
Akuntansi dan Teknologi Informasi, Volume 14, pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.24123/jati.v14i2.4662

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to (1) determine the effect of Return On Asset towards the Stock Price of banking companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange (2) determine the effect of Return On Equity towards the Stock Price of banking companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange (3) determine the effect of Earning Per Share towards the Stock Price of banking companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange (4) determine the effect of Trading Volume towards the Stock Price of banking companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange (5) determine the effect of Return On Asset, Return On Equity, Earning Per Share and Trading Volume towards the Stock Price of banking companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The population in this study is banking companies listed in the IDX. The selection of samples applies the purposive sampling method. The number of samples is 10 banking companies listed on the IDX in the period of 2015-2018. The data analysis used to test the hypothesis is the Multiple regression analysis technique. Based on the research, results show that (1) Return On Asset gives positive effect towards the Stock Prices (2) Return On Equity Asset have an insignificant effect towards the Stock Prices (3) Earning Per Share Asset gives positive effect towards the Stock Prices (4) Trading Volume Asset have an insignificant effect towards the Stock Prices.
William Teguh, Rizky Eriandani
Akuntansi dan Teknologi Informasi, Volume 14, pp 50-65; https://doi.org/10.24123/jati.v14i2.4577

Abstract:
The company's profit can be one of the factors that can determine an investor's decision to make an investment. The company's large and growing profits will surely be attractive to investors. However, the profit reported by the company does not necessarily guarantee that the reported information is the actual condition of the company. Companies can do earnings management resulting from gaps in information between company management and external parties. One of the activities that can be used as an earnings management tool is RPT. This study aims to determine whether RPT is positively related to real earnings management or accrual earnings management on manufacturing companies in Indonesia during the period between 2017-2019 that have been listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The results showed that RPT has no significant effect on real earnings management or accrual earnings management. These results indicate that RPT is used not for earnings management purposes but as an efficient transaction. There are also other factors that influence earnings management such as audit quality and the number of directors.
I Wayan Kartana
Akuntansi dan Teknologi Informasi, Volume 14, pp 17-31; https://doi.org/10.24123/jati.v14i2.4663

Abstract:
Independent auditor services are needed to determine the reliability of the financial statements presented by management and to give an opinion towards the financial statements in a credible manner, so that they can be trusted and obtain larger market share. In addition, the reporting process must also be effective by employing competent and objective independent auditors to give high quality audit based on the Professional Standards of Public Accountants (SPAP) and the Code of Ethics (IAPI,2016). On the other side, non-compliance towards SPAP and the Code of Ethics can reduce the audit quality. The non-compliance to the standards leads to violation cases and financial scandals, which inhibits the credibility of the auditors. This study aims to examine the effect of locus of external and task complexity towards the dysfunctional audit behavior moderated by Machiavellian. This research was conducted on auditors that was registered at the Public Accounting Firm (KAP) in Denpasar using the PLS-SEM analysis and with the support of SmartPLS 3.0. Software. The results showed that the auditor’s dysfunctional behavior can be caused by the variations of external locus, the complexity of the task which interacts with Machiavellian.
Ameila Ameila, Rizky Eriandani
Journal of Management and Business, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.24123/jmb.v20i2.517

Abstract:
The CEO has an important role as a decision maker in the company and is responsible for the company's performance. This study was conducted to measure the effect of CEO on earnings management in 495 samples of non-financial companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2017-2019 using panel regression analysis with classical assumption testing. The results of panel regression examiners show that there is no significant effect between female CEOs and CEO turnover on earnings management proxies with discretionary accruals. Meanwhile, CEO tenure and company size show a significant negative relationship with earnings management. On the other hand, leverage and return on assets have a significant positive effect on earnings management. In addition, there is no significant influence between company age and Market to Book ratio on earnings management.
Firda Mokodongan, Heru Kurnianto Tjahjono, Nuryakin Nuryakin
Journal of Management and Business, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.24123/jmb.v20i2.496

Abstract:
Nurse caring behavior is the core of nursing where nurses must be respectful and responsive to patient preferences, values and needs. Caring behavior is influenced by several factors, including workload, lack of time, and burnout. A nurse with a high tendency to burnout will experience loss of motivation, burnout and affect work professionalism, especially on the caring behavior of nurses to patients. This study aims to analyze the effect of work engagement on nurses' caring behavior with burnout as an intervening variable. This research used quantitative with cross sectional approach. The number of samples in this study amounted to 74 nurses. The sampling technique used in this study was purposive sampling. The research instrument used was a questionnaire. The analysis used is path analysis. The result of statistical test of work engagement variable with burnout on nurses has a significant effect in a negative direction. In addition, work engagement with nurses' caring behavior has a significant effect in a positive direction. Meanwhile, burnout with nurse caring behavior has a significant effect in a negative direction. The sobel test results show the effect of work engagement on nurses' caring behavior with burnout as an intervening variable.
Juliana Kadang, Surayya Surayya, Muh. Fasial
Journal of Management and Business, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.24123/jmb.v20i2.508

Abstract:
The improvement in the performance of Indonesian banking when the global economy is being hit by uncertainty is one of the best achievements. Acquiring profitability is accompanied by an increase in efficiency in using available resources to gain profit. This study aims to measure and analyze the performance of Indonesian banking based on Profit Efficiency. Profit Efficiency of a bank is analysed based on BUKU (Bank Umum Kelompok Usaha). The profit Efficiency is measured using the Sthocastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) Frontier 4.1 with the translog model of Alternative Profit Efficiency. The input variables used are: labor costs, physical capital costs and interest costs. The output variable used is the amount of credit and the amount of other productive assets. The model equation used is the Bank Activity Approach. The total sample was 19 commercial banks listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) and had financial reports from the year of 2010 to 2019. The results of banking Profit Efficiency measurement based on BUKU conclude that BUKU 2 indicated that each bank’s Profit Efficiency tends to be increasingly inefficient. BUKU 3 of profit efficiency of banks tends to be more efficient. BUKU 4 shows that banks in this group of Profit efficiency are increasingly efficient. This means that the greater the bank’s core capital, the more efficient it is in generating profits.
Maria Aletta Dei Hariyanto, Dudi Anandya
Journal of Management and Business, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.24123/jmb.v20i2.541

Abstract:
This study seeks to reveal the effect of service quality on customer loyalty mediated by corporate image and customer satisfaction at restaurant X in Surabaya. Data were collected using a questionnaire for each variable, on 150 subjects with the characteristics of a minimum age of 19 years, and a minimum education of senior high school. Data were collected and analyzed using the SEM method with the help of SPSS AMOS 21 software. The results showed that service quality has an influence on customer satisfaction, through corporate image, which in turn affect customer loyalty. Corporate image mediator is fully functional because there is no direct relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction. This shows that consumers feel satisfied not directly caused by service quality, but good service quality form a positive corporate image which then make consumers feel satisfied, ultimately affecting loyalty.
Gunawan Christanto, Erna Andajani
Journal of Management and Business, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.24123/jmb.v20i2.524

Abstract:
This study aims to explore the perspective of customer experience in managing Majapahit House in Bejijong Village by explaining the phenomena that are being the questions of the study. Then to explain the phenomena that occur, this study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological paradigm. The results of this study indicate the views of managers and tourists towards activities that refer to three conditions: before, during the service delivery process and the service has been provided. This research is useful for business managers, especially related to the field of tourism to see the importance of managing customer experience.
Timothy Rey Laheba, The Jin Ai
Journal of Management and Business, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.24123/jmb.v20i2.534

Abstract:
In this era of industry 4.0, the role of technology is getting bigger and broader in the industry. This technology has changed some of the old habits and paradigms in the relationship between companies and job seekers. One of the changes currently occurring is that job seekers can find information related to a company through an online collaborative company review which can be found easily on the employment website. This study aims to determine what information job seekers consider essential from an online collaborative review of a company. Data from the 203 millennial generations in Indonesia were collected. The study results found that the most sought-after variable from an online collaborative company review was Basic salary exposition, followed by Job description. The following variable is Work-life balance or working condition, followed by the Company profile variable, Benefits and incentives, Positive things about a company, and negative things about a company.
Jessica Wijaya, Guguh Sujatmiko, Ninik Juniati
KELUWIH: Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi, Volume 2, pp 111-117; https://doi.org/10.24123/saintek.v2i2.4638

Abstract:
—Social media is a very common thing nowdays. But most people these days have been addicted to social media. This could lead to physical and mental health. That is why social media addicted people tend to feel lonely, depressed, sad, and even lost themselves. Because of such issues, collection of modest citywear and lifestyle product for spring/summer 2021/2022 will be made based on Homespun trend forecast, and being titled with Fixation. This collection is made for inciting awareness about social media addiction danger in society. Fixation’s collection is made for men and women, girls and boys, with urban streetwear designs and some sporty vibes in it. Concept designs are completed with data from interview, which being done for getting upcycle techniques that fit with the concept. Upcycle technique will be applicated into 5 look of Fixation collection. Upcycling process is being done step by step, with sterilization process as the beginning of the process. Upcycle technique using much more energy and time, but it ends up well for environment and society in the future. Upcycle technique also upgrades creativity and can be made as treatment for people who need itKeywords: fixation, homespun, social media Abstrak—Media sosial merupakan hal yang sangat umum digunakan saat ini. Namun masyarakat saat ini banyak yang kecanduan akan penggunaan media sosial. Hal ini dapat berakibat pada kesehatan fisik maupun mental. Oleh karena itu pecandu media sosial cenderung merasa kesepian, depresi, sedih, hingga kehilangan jati diri mereka. Berdasarkan masalah tersebut, akan dibuat koleksi modest citywear dan lifestyle product spring/summer 2021/2022, berdasarkan tema besar Homespun, dengan judul koleksi berupa Fixation. Koleksi ini dirancang untuk mengingatkan masyarakat akan bahaya dari kecanduan sosial. Koleksi Fixation dirancang untuk dapat dikenakan oleh pria dan wanita, dari anak-anak hingga dewasa dengan desain urban streetwear dan sentuhan sporty pada desainnya. Perancangan konsep didukung dengan data wawancara yang dilakukan untuk mendapatkan teknikupcycle yang sesuai dengan konsep. Teknikupcycleyang diaplikasikan pada koleksi dari Fixation yang terdiri dari 5 look. Proses upcycle dilakukan secara bertahap dengan melalui proses sterilisasi terlebih dulu. hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa teknikupcycle membutuhkan waktu dan energi yang lebih banyak dalam pengerjaannya, namun berdampak baik bagi masyarakat dan lingkungan untuk kedepannya. Teknik upcycle dapat meningkatkan kreativitas dan juga sebagai terapi bagi orang yang menekuni teknikupcycle tersebut Kata kunci: fixation, homespun, social media
Fenny Irawati, Fitri Dwi Kartikasari
KELUWIH: Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi, Volume 2, pp 80-84; https://doi.org/10.24123/saintek.v2i2.4042

Abstract:
Telah dilakukan studi konsumsi energi di kantin Keluwih Universitas Surabaya (UBAYA) sebagai langkah awal untuk menentukan desain pemanfaatan energi alternatif yang tepat guna di kantin tersebut. Kajian diawali dengan melakukan survei konsumsi energi di kantin Keluwih untuk mengetahui kebutuhan energi di kantin. Konsumsi energi ini diukur dari energi yang dipergunakan untuk penerangan (lampu), pendingin ruangan (AC), dan peralatan elektronik lainnya (televisi, blender, rice cooker, kompor listrik, dll.) serta bahan bakar yang dipakai untuk memasak. Data diperoleh dari kuesioner yang diberikan kepada pengelola kantin serta penyewa stan di kantin Keluwih. Dari data yang diperoleh dapat diketahui peta konsumsi energi di Kantin Keluwih dan berdasarkan survei yang telah dilakukan dapat disimpulkan bahwa konsumsi energi di Kantin Keluwih didominasi oleh energi listrik yang jumlahnya berkisar 600 kWh/hari.
Estri Diniyati, Yosafat Donni Haryanto
KELUWIH: Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi, Volume 2, pp 103-110; https://doi.org/10.24123/saintek.v2i2.4541

Abstract:
—Indonesia located in the equatorial region which has potential to have a major impact on atmospheric physical conditions during extreme weather events such as the Mesoscale Convective Complex (MCC). MCC is a phenomenon that was first discovered by (Maddox, 1980) where this phenomenon is characterized by the presence of a quasi-circular (almost circular) cloud shield with an eccentricity of 0.7 with a cloud cover area of 100,000 km², the cloud core area covers 50,000 km² and cloud top temperature IR1 -52 ℃. These cloud conditions last for a minimum of 6 hours and cause severe weather and extreme rain. This study aims to identify the MCC phenomenon in the Karimata Strait on 19-20 September 2020 which caused heavy rains in parts of the West coast of Kalimantan and Bangka Island using Himawari-8 Satellite imagery data and the MATLAB application. The results showed that on September 19, MCC was identified at 09.00-19.00 UTC, then on September 20, MCC was identified at 16.00-23.00 UTC. At the time of the MCC event, Bangka and Pontianak regions experienced extreme rains recorded on AWS Digi Stamet Pontianak with rainfall reaching 43.4 mm/hour and ARG Lubuk Besar Bangka Tengah with rainfall reaching 16.8 mm/hour. Keywords: mesoscale convective complex (MCC), himawari-8, MATLAB Abstrak—Indonesia merupakan negara yang terletak diwilayah ekuator dimana berpotensi memiliki dampak besar terhadap kondisi fisik atmosfer saat terjadi cuaca ekstrem seperti Mesoscale Convective Complex (MCC). MCC merupakan fenomena yang pertama kali ditemukan oleh (Maddox, 1980) dimana fenomena ini dicirikan dengan adanya perisai awan yang berbentuk quasi circular (hampir lingkaran) dengan eksentrisitas ≥ 0,7 dengan luas area selimut awan ≥ 100.000 km² , luas area inti awan mencakup ≥ 50.000 km² serta suhu puncak awan IR1 ≤ -52 ℃. Kondisi awan tersebut bertahan minimun selama 6 jam dan menyebabkan cuaca buruk dan hujan ekstrem. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi fenomena MCC di Selat Karimata pada Tanggal 19-20 September 2020 yang menyebabkan hujan lebat di sebagian wilayah Kalimantan bagian pesisir Barat dan Pulau Bangka menggunakan data citra Satelit Himawari-8 dan aplikasi MATLAB. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada tanggal 19 September, MCC teridentifikasi pada pukul 09.00-19.00 UTC selanjutnya tanggal 20 September 2020 MCC teridentifikasi pada pukul 16.00-23.00 UTC. Pada saat peristiwa MCC, wilayah Bangka dan Pontianak mengalami hujan ekstrem yang tercatat pada AWS Digi Stasiun Meteorologi Pontianak dengan curah hujan mencapai 43,4 mm/jam dan ARG Lubuk Besar Bangka Tengah dengan curah hujan mencapai 16,8 mm/jam. Kata kunci: mesoscale convective complex (MCC), himawari-8, MATLAB
Fariza Halidatsani Azhra, Nayoko Prasetyo Jati
KELUWIH: Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi, Volume 2, pp 85-95; https://doi.org/10.24123/saintek.v2i2.4546

Abstract:
—COVID-19 be a concern in all countries because of its rapid spread through droplets or airborne. The COVID-19 Task Force recorded that 1.4 million Indonesians were exposed to the virus. The government has established health protocols, one of which is social distancing. However, as time goes by, people's awareness of the dangers of COVID 19 is decreasing. Many people violate health protocols and crowd in various places. Based on these problems, a disease transmission prevention tool is designed to reducing the spread of the virus. The method used in this research is Kano Model. From the results of the voice of customer and Kano Model analysis, it was found that the drone that consumers want is have a disinfectant in the form of 360⁰ UVC rays, sound transmission in the form of a mic along with speakers, both of which are included in the attractive category, while the one-dimensional category is a temperature gauge in the form of infrared rays to help detect the symptoms of the COVID-19 virus. The presence of PATRON is expected to help the COVID-19 Task Force in an effort to prevent the transmission of the COVID-19 virus. Keywords: disease transmission tool, kano model, covid-19 Abstrak—Virus COVID 19 menjadi perhatian di berbagai negara dikarenakan penyebaranya yang cepat melalui droplet atau airborne. Berdasarkan data SATGAS COVID 19 tercatat sejumlah 1,4 juta penduduk indonesia terpapar virus. Pemerintah menetapkan berbagai protokol kesehatan untuk mengurangi risiko penyebaran virus, salah satunya yaitu menjaga jarak. Namun, seiring berjalannya waktu kesadaran penduduk akan bahaya COVID 19 semakin berkurang. Banyak masyarakat yang melanggar protokol kesehatan dan berkerumun di berbagai tempat. Sebagai langkah mengurangi jumlah kerumunan, dibutuhkan sebuah alat untuk membubarkan kerumunan dengan tujuan mengurangi penyebaran virus. Berdasarkan permasalahan tersebut, maka dirancang disease transmission prevention tool. Metode yang digunakan dalam perancangan desain alat adalah Model Kano. Dari hasil voice of costumer dan analisis Model Kano, didapatkan hasil bahwa drone yang dihendaki oleh konsumen yaitu memiliki disinfektan berupa sinar UVC 360⁰, transmisi suara berupa mic beserta speaker, kedua hal tersebut termasuk kedalam kategori attractive, sedangkan kategori one dimensional yaitu pengukur suhu berupa sinar infrared untuk membantu mendeteksi gejala virus COVID-19. Kehadiran PATRON diharapkan dapat membantu membantu SATGAS COVID-19 dalam upaya pencegahan penularan virus COVID-19. Kata kunci: disease transmission tool, model kano, covid-19
Daniel Soesanto, Dhiani Tresna Absari
KELUWIH: Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi, Volume 2, pp 96-102; https://doi.org/10.24123/saintek.v2i2.4567

Abstract:
—The pandemic situation encourages every business, including small and medium scale, to transform towards an online business. This is done to be able to continue to reach customers and carry out existing business processes well. However, with the reduction or disappearance of face-to-face meetings, the quality of the relationship decreases both on the customer and business partner side. This research focuses on the relationship with business partners, where the exchange of information and data is not optimal in this section, and even errors can occur. Many studies have tried to optimize relationship management with business partners, but none have focused on small and medium-sized businesses during this pandemic. SME's need to manage their business relationships. However, according to research that has been done, many of these business models do not realize the importance of this, and only focus on selling.. This research aims to design PRM architecture designs for small and medium-scale enterprises in this pandemic era. This research resulted in an e-marketplace design that implements PRM for SMEs by applying a recommendation system for distributors to provide the right product to each reseller. Through the results of initial trials conducted by users, both from distributors and resellers, it is easier to understand each other's needs with this e-marketplace. Keywords: SMEs, PRM, channel management, recommendation system, pandemic Abstrak—Situasi pandemi mendorong setiap bisnis, termasuk skala kecil dan menengah, untuk bertransformasi menuju bisnis online. Hal ini dilakukan untuk dapat terus menjangkau pelanggan dan menjalankan proses bisnis yang ada dengan baik. Namun, dengan berkurangnya atau hilangnya pertemuan tatap muka, kualitas hubungan menurun baik di sisi pelanggan maupun mitra bisnis. Penelitian ini berfokus pada hubungan dengan mitra bisnis, dimana pertukaran informasi dan data tidak optimal pada bagian ini, bahkan kesalahan dapat terjadi. Banyak penelitian telah mencoba mengoptimalkan manajemen hubungan dengan mitra bisnis, tetapi tidak ada yang fokus pada usaha kecil dan menengah selama pandemi ini. Padahal sebenarnya SME pun sangat perlu mengelola relasi bisnisnya. Namun menurut riset yang pernah dilakukan, bisnis model ini banyak yang belum menyadari pentingnya hal tersebut, dan hanya fokus pada menjual. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang desain arsitektur PRM untuk usaha kecil dan menengah di era pandemi ini. Penelitian ini menghasilkan desain e-marketplace yang mengimplementasikan PRM untuk UKM dengan menerapkan sistem rekomendasi bagi distributor untuk menyediakan produk yang tepat untuk setiap reseller. Melalui hasil uji coba awal yang dilakukan oleh pengguna, baik dari pihak distributor maupun reseller menjadi dimudahkan untuk lebih saling memahami kebutuhan masing-masing dengan adanya e-marketplace ini. Kata kunci: SMEs, PRM, channel management, sistem rekomendasi, pandemi
Novia Fadhilah Zain, Tjandra Pantjajani, Theresia Desy Askitosari
KELUWIH: Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi, Volume 2, pp 69-79; https://doi.org/10.24123/saintek.v2i2.4635

Abstract:
— Frozen yoghurt is a frozen desserts made with yoghurt and quite similar to ice cream but low in calorie, which cointains milk, sweetener, stabilizers, emulsifier, and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) cultures through combination of process freezing and agitation. The optimal pH about 5.5 on LAB growth and the use of different strains of LAB culture or LAB mixed cultures that can maintain the viability of LAB during processing and freezing storage of frozen yoghurt. The use of LAB mixed cultures could improve viscos ity and overrun of frozen yogurt. The viability of the LAB cultures remained above minimal limit of 107CFU/g in frozen yogurt due to the viability of LAB decrease significantly during processing and freezing storage , high viable survival rate during delivery through the gastrointestinal tract higher than 106CFU/g. The issues that often arise relates to frozen yogurt processing are a grainy texture, faster melting rate and the low viscosity and overrun value. Addition of porang flour in frozen Yogurt as stabilizer and emulsifier that has an extremely high water-holding capacity, which is able to bind water 200 times its molecular weight due to its high solubility, porang glucomannan gel formed in freezing process which can improve the quality of organoleptic having the better consistency and texture of frozen yoghurt. The use of different concentration of porang flour which can have different result in the final gel formed, have complex effects on viscosity, overrun, melting rate, pH, titratable acidity (TA), total LAB and decrease the ability proteolysis of LAB in frozen yoghurt. Keywords: frozen yoghurt, porang, viability Abstrak— Frozen yoghurt merupakan jenis dari makanan penutup seperti es krim yang dibuat menggunakan yoghurt sebagai bahan utama yang terdiri dari susu, bahan pemanis, stabilisator, pengemulsi, dan kultur BAL melalui kombinasi proses pembekuan dan agitasi. pH optimal diantara 5.5 mendukung pertumbuhan BAL dengan baik dan penggunaan kultur BAL strain yang berbeda maupun kultur BAL kombinasi dalam upaya mempertahankan viabilitas BAL selama proses pembuatan dan pembekuan frozen yoghurt. Penggunaan kultur BAL kombinasi juga meningkatkan viskositas dan overrun frozen yoghurt. Persyaratan jumlah BAL minimal 107CFU/g dalam pembuatan frozen yoghurt karena adanya penurunan viabilitas BAL selama produksi berlangsung dan penyimpanan beku frozen yoghurt, serta syarat jumlah bakteri hidup yang sampai di saluran pencernaan harus lebih dari 106CFU/g. Permasalahan yang sering timbul pada proses pembuatan frozen yoghurt adalah tekstur yang tidak lembut, viskositas yang rendah, kecepatan meleleh yang cepat, dan overrun rendah. Adanya penambahan tepung porang dalam frozen yoghurt sekaligus sebagai stabilisator dan pengemulsi yang mengikat molekul air dalam jumlah besar, yakni hingga 200 kali lipat berat molekulnya karena kelarutannya yang tinggi, sehingga membentuk gel porang glukomannan pada saat pembekuan yang dapat meningkatkan mutu organoleptik dengan memiliki tekstur yang lebih baik pada frozen yoghurt. Penggunaan konsentrasi tepung porang yang berbeda, pembentukan gel yang dihasilkan juga berbeda dan terdapat pengaruh terhadap viskositas, overrun, kecepatan meleleh, pH, asam tertitrasi, total BAL dan menurunkan kemampuan proteolisis BAL pada frozen yoghurt. Kata kunci: frozen yoghurt, porang, viabilitas
Arief Rahmatullah, Putu Anom Mahadwartha, Endang Ernawati
Journal of Entrepreneurship & Business, Volume 2, pp 119-133; https://doi.org/10.24123/jeb.v2i2.4642

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the effect of a religious-related calendar anomaly, namely Ramadan, on stock return and volatility of a Sharia-based index in Indonesia. This study used the GARCH (p,q) method and linear regression to examine the effect of Ramadan on stock returns and volatility, with Ramadan as a dummy variable. This study results show that Ramadan month has a significant positive effect on stock returns, or it can be said that an anomaly occurs during Ramadan month. Meanwhile, volatility during Ramadan month is negative and not significant. This study also exercised a T-test to support the GARCH regression (p,q) and linear regression results. The t-test results show that the average return during Ramadan is higher than in other months. Meanwhile, the average volatility during Ramadan is lower than in other months.
Fitri Novika, Renofia Desia Halim, Antonius Budhiman Setyawan
Journal of Entrepreneurship & Business, Volume 2, pp 106-118; https://doi.org/10.24123/jeb.v2i2.4641

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the effect of technological and behavioral attributes on the adoption attributes of the ShopeePay mobile payment application in Indonesia. The application is known as financial technology (fintech), which combines information technology and financial systems. The approach used in this research is a quantitative approach that was processed using SPSS and AMOS. Data collection in this research was done by distributing online questionnaires using a google form to ShopeePay users who used the application in the past month. The results of this study indicate that behavioral intention and social influence variables have an effect on actual use, perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use have an effect on behavioral intention, perceived ease of use and responsiveness have a positive effect on perceived usefulness, and responsiveness and security variables have a positive effect on perceived ease of use, also has a positive effect on social influence.
Juliana Murniati
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, Volume 36, pp 274-325; https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v36i2.3915

Abstract:
Universities (PT) are complex organizations, due to their internal nature and in response to the demands of globalization and technological development. Leaders and leadership are key factors in the success of an organization in fulfilling its goals. Studies on leadership in university organizations (OPT) in Indonesia is still limited, even though leaders perform their functions depending on context. This means that leadership study from different cultures and other organizations (corporations) may not be readily implemented in private university organizations (OPTS) in Indonesia. A qualitative study on 13 leaders of private universities (PTS) aims to identify the leadership characteristics of private university organizations (OPTS); specifically, by portraying leadership functions and leadership styles played by individuals who are active leaders private universities (PTS). The phenomenological qualitative study conducted using grounded analysis presents a conceptual model with three important characteristics: (1) academic leadership; (2) community leadership; and (3) corporate leadership. The interpretation of academic leadership and community leadership relates to the tri dharma (three pillars) of universities (PT), for which the view has not been solidified among the participants at the institutional and individual levels. Meanwhile, from corporate leadership emerges several interpretations related to the adoption of performance-based strategy, succession planning, and qualifications. Facing extremely competitive external challenges, leaders of universities (PT) can consider Systems Theory framework that look at the internal components of organizations holistically, rather than part by part, such that unique leadership characteristics would emerge, such as entrepreneurial leadership with the interpretation of tri dharma that is not merely limited to the dichotomy between research and teaching universities. Perguruan tinggi (PT) merupakan organisasi yang kompleks, baik karena natur internal maupun akibat tuntutan sebagai dampak dari perkembangan teknologi dan globalisasi. Pemimpin dan kepemimpinan merupakan faktor kunci akan keberhasilan organisasi mencapai visinya. Kajian kepemimpinan di organisasi perguruan tinggi (OPT) terutama di Indonesia sangat terbatas, padahal pemimpin berfungsi tergantung pada konteks. Artinya, studi kepemimpinan dari budaya berbeda atau organisasi lain (korporasi) belum tentu dapat diimplementasikan dalam organisasi perguruan tinggi swasta (OPTS) di Indonesia. Studi kualitatif terhadap 13 pemimpin perguruan tinggi swasta (PTS) bertujuan untuk identifikasi karakteristik kepemimpinan di organisasi perguruan tinggi swasta (OPTS); secara spesifik berupa gambaran fungsi pemimpin dan gaya kepemimpinan yang diperankan oleh mereka yang tengah aktif memimpin perguruan tinggi swasta (PTS). Hasil studi kualitatif fenomenologi dengan analisis secara grounded menampilkan model konseptual dengan tiga karakteristik, yakni: (1) kepemimpinan akademik; (2) kepemimpinan komunitas; dan (3) kepemimpinan korporasi. Pemaknaan terhadap kepemimpinan akademik dan kepemimpinan komunitas terkait dengan tri dharma perguruan tinggi (PT), yang pandangannya tidak solid antar partisipan baik pada tataran institusional maupun individual. Sementara pada kepemimpinan korporasi muncul makna terkait adopsi strategi berbasis kinerja, program kaderisasi, dan kualifikasi. Menghadapi tantangan eksternal yang sangat kompetitif, pemimpin perguruan tinggi (PT) dapat mempertimbangkan kerangka systems theory yang melihat komponen internal organisasi secara keseluruhan, bukan bagian demi bagian, sehingga boleh jadi muncul karakteristik kepemimpinan yang unik seperti entrepreneurial dengan pemaknaan terhadap tri dharma yang tidak terbatas pada research atau teaching university semata.
Muhammad Farie Ath Thaariq, Indrayanti Indrayanti
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, Volume 36, pp 156-183; https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v36i2.3053

Abstract:
This study aims to define the role of organizational climate on work stress of millennial employees and the moderating effect of team-member exchange in the relationship between organizational climate and work stress of millennial employees. Participants are employees born in the time range of 1980 to 2000 and have worked for at least six months. This study utilized survey method with the instruments Stress Diagnostic Survey, Organization Climate Questionnaire, and Team-Member Exchange (TME) instrument which is a fusion of Team-Member Exchange Contributions and Team-Member Exchange Receipts. The data were analyzed with simple linear regression and moderation analysis utilizing the PROCESS module by Hayes. The results of this study indicate that organizational climate contributed negatively on the work stress of millennial employees. The higher the score for organizational climate, the lower the score for work stress on millennial employees. Team-member exchange cannot moderate the relationship between organizational climate and work stress of millennial employees. High quality of team-member exchange cannot strengthen the relationship between organizational climate and work stress of millennial employees. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran iklim organisasi terhadap stres kerja karyawan milenial dan efek moderator dari team-member exchange terhadap hubungan antara iklim organisasi dan stres kerja pada karyawan milenial. Partisipan adalah karyawan milenial dengan rentang tahun kelahiran 1980 hingga 2000 dan sudah bekerja minimal selama enam bulan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan instrumen Stress Diagnostic Survey, Organizational Climate Questionnaire, dan instrumen Team-Member Exchange (TME) yang merupakan gabungan dari Team-Member Exchange Contributions dan Team-Member Exchange Receipts. Analisis data menggunakan uji regresi linear sederhana dan uji moderasi dengan modul PROCESS dari Hayes. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa iklim organisasi berkontribusi negatif terhadap stres kerja karyawan mileneal. Semakin tinggi skor iklim organisasi, maka semakin rendah skor stres kerja karyawan milenial. Team-member exchange tidak dapat memoderasi hubungan antara iklim organisasi dan stres kerja karyawan milenial. Kualitas team-member exchange yang tinggi tidak dapat memperkuat hubungan iklim organisasi dengan stres kerja karyawan milenial.
Karel Karsten Himawan
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, Volume 36, pp 326-340; https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v36i2.4059

Abstract:
Ethical evaluation is an integral part of the research process. While at the international level, ethical assessment is required for the majority of psychological studies involving direct data collection on human subjects, such assessment is largely optional in the Indonesian context. Ethical aspects, which are essential in research, are often trivialized and thus ignored. In this article, the author specifically focuses on the importance of ethical evaluation in psychological research proposals, by citing the controversial Little Albert experiment, describing the benefits of ethical evaluation for the participants, researchers, and the dignity of the profession. Lastly, the article formulates holistic recommendations for the benefit of developing psychological research in Indonesia. Evaluasi etik merupakan bagian yang tidak terpisahkan dari proses penelitian. Walaupun di tingkat internasional mayoritas penelitian psikologi yang melibatkan pengambilan data secara langsung terhadap subjek manusia diharuskan melalui proses uji etik, di Indonesia hal tersebut masih cenderung merupakan pilihan. Aspek etik dalam sebuah penelitian, yang sebenarnya merupakan hal esensial, seringkali disepelekan dan karenanya diabaikan. Dalam tulisan ini, secara spesifik penulis berfokus pada pentingnya evaluasi etik dari sebuah rencana (proposal) penelitian psikologi, dengan menyinggung eksperimen kontroversial Little Albert, mendeskripsikan manfaat evaluasi aspek etis penelitian bagi partisipan, peneliti, dan marwah profesi. Terakhir, tulisan ini memformulasikan rekomendasi yang menyeluruh sehingga bermanfaat bagi perkembangan penelitian psikologi di Indonesia.
Werner Ria Murhadi, Deliana Azaria, Bertha Silvia Sutedjo
Journal of Entrepreneurship & Business, Volume 2, pp 86-95; https://doi.org/10.24123/jeb.v2i2.4537

Abstract:
Corporate governance has attracted many researchers to examine the relationship between board characteristics and financial performance. This study aims to determine the effect of board diversity, board size, and board independence on financial performance. This research is panel data with the number of observations reaching 1,355 years of observation. Financial performance is measured using accounting-based and market-based. It was found that the presence of female directors could not provide sound financial performance, even with a woman's prudence attitude would have an impact on decreasing the company's market value. The size of the board of directors does not affect financial performance, and the large size of the board of directors will have an impact on the decline in firm value. Independent directors are also not proven to be able to improve the company's financial performance; even the tendency of companies to carelessly fulfill the provisions of the rules regarding the existence of independent directors will bring a burden to the company so that it has an impact on the decline in company value.
Edwin Adrianta Surijah, Juneman Abraham, Christiany Suwartono, Ide Bagus Siaputra
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, Volume 36, pp 127-155; https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v36i2.4580

Abstract:
TIM RaDaR is an initiative to discover common standards for scientific publications in the field of psychology in Indonesia. Through this standard, authors (i.e., researchers, students, or lecturers) may prepare their manuscripts to meet the basic criteria for scientific publication. The writing criteria comprise of Title, Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion, and References. This article also provides a checklist to aid authors and journal editors in evaluating manuscripts to be published. As an initiative, this article aims to become a starting point in synergizing better quality scientific publications in the field of psychology in Indonesia. TIM RaDaR adalah sebuah inisiatif untuk menggali standar bersama publikasi ilmiah psikologi Indonesia. Melalui standar ini, penulis (peneliti, mahasiswa, atau dosen) dapat mempersiapkan tulisan yang mereka susun untuk memenuhi kriteria dasar publikasi ilmiah. Kriteria tersebut mencakup penulisan Judul, Pendahuluan, Metode, Hasil dan Diskusi, serta Pustaka Acuan (Title, Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion, and References). Tulisan ini juga memberikan sebuah checklist yang dapat digunakan sebagai alat bantu bagi penulis dan pengelola jurnal untuk mengevaluasi tulisan yang telah disusun. Sebagai suatu inisiatif, tulisan ini menjadi titik awal sinergi publikasi ilmiah psikologi Indonesia yang lebih bermutu di masa mendatang.
Wuri Prasetyawati, Tjut Rifameutia, Robyn Gillies, Peter Newcombe
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, Volume 36, pp 184-203; https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v36i2.2277

Abstract:
Well-being is an indicator of students’ happiness in school. There is currently a need to identify students’ well-being in order to know the conditions of students’ mental health and their levels of contentment in school. The existing instruments of student well-being in Indonesia have numerous items, which can impact the participants’ behavior in filling out the questionnaires. Therefore, there was a need for a shorter version of the instruments. This research focused on the adaption of the Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS), an instrument for subjective well-being with only eight items and was previously developed by Tian, Wang, and Huebner (2015) among high school students in China. A total of 235 Indonesian students, both high school and first-year university students were the participants in this study. Reliability testing using internal consistency, while construct and criterion validity testing was implemented to test this scale's psychometric properties in the Indonesian context. The result of this study indicated that the adaptation of Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS) was valid and reliable for Indonesian students. Kesejahteraan merupakan indikator kebahagiaan siswa di sekolah. Saat ini, terdapat kebutuhan mengidentifikasi kesejahteraan siswa untuk mengetahui kondisi kesehatan mental dan tingkat kepuasan mereka di sekolah. Alat ukur kesejahteraan siswa yang ada di Indonesia memiliki banyak butir pertanyaan, yang dapat berdampak pada perilaku partisipan dalam mengisi kuesioner. Karenanya, dibutuhkan versi pendek dari alat ukur tersebut. Penelitian ini berfokus pada adaptasi Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS), sebuah alat ukur kesejahteraan subjektif dengan delapan butir yang dikembangkan oleh Tian, Wang, dan Huebner (2015) untuk siswa sekolah menengah atas di Tiongkok. Sebanyak 235 siswa Indonesia, yang merupakan siswa sekolah menengah atas dan mahasiswa tahun pertama, menjadi partisipan dalam penelitian ini. Uji reliabilitas dilakukan menggunakan konsistensi internal, sedangkan uji validitas konstruk dan validitas kriteria digunakan untuk menguji aspek psikometri dalam konteks Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil adaptasi dari Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS) valid dan reliabel untuk siswa di Indonesia.
Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo, Ferran Casas
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, Volume 36, pp 204-230; https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v36i2.2880

Abstract:
This study aims to explain the subjective well-being of Indonesian children in terms of material well-being. Indonesia is still considered a developing country, and several studies reveal the correlation between economic status and subjective well-being of adults. However, only a very limited number of studies focus on Indonesian children’s material well-being from their own perspective. This study used data from the third wave of the Children’s Worlds survey conducted in Indonesia. The sample (N = 14,576; 49.35% boys; 50.65% girls) was composed of children aged 10 years and 12 years. Subjective well-being (SWB) was measured using the Children’s Worlds Subjective Well-Being Scale (CW-SWBS) and a single-item Overall Life Satisfaction (OLS) scale. Material well-being was measured using family economic status, material deprivation, frequency of being worried about family’s money situation, and frequency of having enough food to eat each day. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Cummins’ theory of subjective well-being (SWB) was used to explain the results. Results showed that children from families with high economic status who reported no material deprivation, never worrying about the family’s money, and always having enough food to eat each day displayed higher subjective well-being (SWB) mean scores on both subjective well-being (SWB) scales compared to children in families from middle and lower economic status. However, children from middle and lower economic status showed rather high subjective well-being (SWB) scores, suggesting that children are able to maintain positive feelings about themselves and their level of subjective well-being (SWB) despite belonging to a less fortunate economic situation. These results will hopefully encourage Indonesian scholars and researchers to elaborate deeper in future studies. Penelitian ini bertujuan menjelaskan kesejahteraan subjektif (subjective well-being; SWB) anak Indonesia terkait kesejahteraan materi. Indonesia masih dikategorikan sebagai negara berkembang, dan beberapa penelitian terdahulu mengungkapkan korelasi antara status ekonomi dan kesejahteraan subjektif orang dewasa. Namun, studi yang memfokuskan pada kesejahteraan materi anak Indonesia dari perspektif mereka sendiri masih sangat terbatas. Studi ini menggunakan data dari survei Children’s Worlds gelombang ketiga yang dilakukan di Indonesia. Sampel penelitian terdiri dari anak-anak usia 10 tahun dan 12 tahun (N = 14.576; 49,35% laki-laki; 50,65% perempuan). Kesejahteraan subjektif diukur dengan menggunakan dua skala: Children’s Worlds Subjective Well-Being Scale (CW-SWBS) dan Overall Life Satisfaction (OLS) dengan butir pertanyaan tunggal. Kesejahteraan materi diukur berdasarkan dimensi status ekonomi keluarga, kekurangan materi, frekuensi kekhawatiran tentang situasi keuangan keluarga, dan frekuensi ketersediaan makanan untuk dikonsumsi setiap hari. Data kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan statistik deskriptif. Teori Cummins tentang kesejahteraan subjektif digunakan untuk menjelaskan temuan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa anak-anak dari keluarga dengan status ekonomi tinggi yang tidak melaporkan kekurangan materi, tidak pernah khawatir tentang keuangan keluarga, dan selalu memiliki cukup makanan untuk dikonsumsi setiap hari menunjukkan skor rata-rata kesejahteraan subjektif yang lebih tinggi pada dua skala kesejahteraan subjektif dibandingkan anak-anak dari keluarga dengan status ekonomi menengah dan rendah. Namun, anak-anak dari status ekonomi menengah dan rendah menunjukkan skor kesejahteraan subjektif yang relatif tinggi, yang mengungkapkan bahwa anak-anak dapat menjaga perasaan positif tentang diri mereka sendiri dan tingkat kesejahteraan subjektifnya meskipun tergolong ke dalam status ekonomi yang kurang mapan. Hasil penelitian diharapkan dapat mendorong para ilmwuan dan peneliti di Indonesia untuk lebih mendalami fenomena ini pada studi-studi selanjutnya.
Augustinus Supratiknya
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, Volume 36, pp 231-273; https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v36i2.3137

Abstract:
National identity (identitas nasional [IN]) and ethnic identity (identitas suku bangsa [ISB]) as two forms of social identity are important to scrutinize in the multi-ethnic nation of Indonesia. This research comprised two studies and aimed to uncover the Indonesian youth’s national identity (identitas nasional [IN]) on a sample of male and female students with different backgrounds in ethnicity, religion, and identity source. Study 1 aimed to construct an instrument of youth’s national identity (identitas nasional [IN]) by adapting the Skala Identitas Suku Bangsa (SISB; 2019), resulting in the Skala Identitas Nasional (SIN) consisting of 12 items (rit = 0.35 -0.64; α = 0.84). Study 2 aimed to explore the participants’ national identity (identitas nasional [IN]; N = 480) by considering the differences of their backgrounds. The results showed that in general the participants’ level of national identity (identitas nasional [IN]) was high, especially on the Balinese and Florinese samples; their level of national identity (identitas nasional [IN]) correlated with their level of ethnic identity (identitas suku bangsa [ISB]); religion related with levels of national identity (identitas nasional [IN]) through its connection with ethnicity, hence the Hindu-Balinese sample indicated the highest; the majority of participants acknowledged the parents and the extended family as their source of identity, but seemed to fail in contributing to the formation of the youth’s national identity (identitas nastional [IN]); male participants showed a higher level of national identity (identitas nasional [IN]) than female participants. Possible causes of the important findings were discussed and follow-up research on those findings were recommended. Identitas nasional (IN) dan identitas suku bangsa (ISB) sebagai dua bentuk identitas sosial penting dicermati dalam masyarakat Bangsa Indonesia yang multi-etnik. Penelitian ini meliputi dua studi, bertujuan mengungkap identitas nasional (IN) orang muda Indonesia dengan sampel mahasiswa laki-laki dan perempuan berlatar-belakang suku bangsa, agama, dan sumber identitas berlainan. Studi 1 bertujuan menyusun alat ukur identitas nasional (IN) orang muda dengan mengadaptasi Skala Identitas Suku Bangsa (SISB; 2019), menghasilkan Skala Identitas Nasional (SIN) yang terdiri dari 12 butir (rit = 0.35-0.64; α = 0.84). Studi 2 bertujuan mengungkap identitas nasional (IN) partisipan (N = 480) secara eksploratif dengan memperhatikan perbedaan latar belakang mereka. Hasilnya, secara umum taraf identitas nasional (IN) partisipan cukup tinggi, khususnya pada sampel suku bangsa Bali dan Flores; taraf identitas nasional (IN) mereka berkorelasi dengan taraf identitas suku bangsa (ISB); agama berhubungan dengan taraf identitas nasional (IN) melalui hubungannya dengan suku bangsa, maka sampel Hindu-Bali menunjukkan taraf identitas nasional (IN) tertinggi; mayoritas partisipan mengakui orang tua dan keluarga besar sebagai sumber identitas, namun ada indikasi mereka kurang berperan dalam pembentukan identitas nasional (IN) orang muda; sampel laki-laki menunjukkan taraf identitas nasional (IN) lebih tinggi dibandingkan sampel perempuan. Kemungkinan penyebab temuan-temuan penting dibahas, dan saran untuk penelitian lebih lanjut dikemukakan.
Lena Ellitan
Journal of Entrepreneurship & Business, Volume 2, pp 71-85; https://doi.org/10.24123/jeb.v2i2.4472

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the effect of endorsers and social media advertising on consumer purchase decisions of Instagram social media users with brand awareness as a mediating variable. The research sample used in this study was 150 samples with a purposive sampling technique. The data used was primary data obtained by distributing questionnaires to Instagram social media users. The data analysis technique used was SEM with Smart PLS 3 software. The results show that social media advertising has a significant effect on brand awareness, endorsers have no effect on brand awareness, brand awareness has a significant effect on consumer purchase decisions, social media advertising has a significant effect on consumer purchase decisions, endorsers have a significant effect on consumer purchase decisions, social media advertising has no effect on consumer purchase decisions through brand awareness, and endorsers have no effect on consumer purchase decisions through brand awareness.
Lena Ellitan
Journal of Entrepreneurship & Business, Volume 2, pp 96-105; https://doi.org/10.24123/jeb.v2i2.4473

Abstract:
This research was conducted to determine the influence of Social Media Marketing Activities on Brand Loyalty through Brand Consciousness and Value Consciousness in Vivo smartphone. This research is casual research. The sampling technique uses non probability sampling by purposive sampling by purposive sampling. Respondents in this study were Vivo smartphone users and followed one of the Vivo smartphone social media. While the sample is 100 respondents. Data in this study were collected by distributing questionnaires using Google Form (online). The data analysis technique used is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using the SmartPLS 3 program. The result in this research indicate that: Perceived Social Media Marketing Activities has a positive and significant effect on Brand Loyalty, Brand Consciousness and Value Consciousness. Brand Consciousness has a positive and significant effect on Brand Loyalty. Value Consciousness has no effect Brand Loyalty. Perceived Social Media Marketing Activities through Brand Consciousness and Value Consciousness has no effect on Brand Loyalty in Vivo smartphone users
Karina Citra Rani, Nikmatul Ikhrom Eka Jayani, Marvela Christabel Renata, Elisabeth Regina Oetama, Nani Parfati
MPI (Media Pharmaceutica Indonesiana), Volume 3, pp 146-161; https://doi.org/10.24123/mpi.v3i3.4396

Abstract:
Daun kelor potensial dikembangkan menjadi produk nutraseutikal dalam bentuk sereal. Granul sereal daun kelor diformulasikan menggunakan suspending agent xanthan gum dan kombinasi pengisi susu soya-susu skim. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh perbedaan konsentrasi xanthan gum 1,5% (F1) dan 2% (F2) terhadap karakteristik fisika dan kimia sereal daun kelor. Metode yang digunakan dalam pembuatan granul sereal daun kelor adalah granulasi basah. Hasil evaluasi karakteristik granul menunjukkan kedua formula granul berwarna hijau tua, rasa manis, dan aroma melon. Granul dapat mengalir dengan baik ditinjau dari nilai Rasio Hausner dan indeks kompresibilitas formula 1 dan 2 yaitu 1,09 ± 0,10 dan 11,52 ± 3,81% serta 1,13 ± 0,07 dan 11,19 ± 5,64%. Kandungan lembab granul juga memenuhi persyaratan yaitu 2,64 ± 0,43% pada formula 1 dan 2,84 ± 0,28% pada formula 2. Setelah rekonstitusi, granul sereal terdispersi dalam bentuk suspensi halus berwarna hijau kecoklatan, rasa manis, dan aroma melon. Peningkatan konsentrasi xanthan gum pada formula 2 berpengaruh signifikan terhadap peningkatan waktu dispersi dan viskositas dibandingkan formula 1. Waktu dispersi formula 1 dan 2 masing-masing adalah 8,44 dan 9,17 detik, sedangkan viskositas formula 1 dan 2 adalah 136,93 dan 275,58 cps. Konsentrasi xanthan gum yang lebih tinggi pada formula 2 menghasilkan volume sedimentasi yang lebih tinggi (F=1) dan stabilitas dispersi yang lebih baik dibandingkan formula 1 (F<1).
Oeke Yunita, Devi Veronica Wijayanto, Aulia Dwi Hapsari, Muji Lestari Wahyu Wilang Sari, Alfian Hendra Krisnawan
MPI (Media Pharmaceutica Indonesiana), Volume 3, pp 128-137; https://doi.org/10.24123/mpi.v3i3.4447

Abstract:
The dark green leaves of Sauropus androgynus (Euphorbiaceae) have various nutritive values and are commonly used for human consumption as food, medicine, and natural dye substance in South-east Asia. Shoot cultures of this plant were established by adding various concentrations of kinetin (Kn) and benzyl adenine (BA) using nodal explants. The best results were recorded when Kn 0.1 mg/L was used with BA 1 mg/L (BA1Kn0.1). Spectrophotometric analysis showed two peaks of green pigment in shoot cultures, A pigment (λmax = 663.6 - 663.8 nm, absorbance 0.1111) and B pigment (λmax= 611.3 - 613.9 nm, absorbance 0.0390). Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) analysis showed two green spots (Rf Y = 0.31 and Rf Z = 0.25) of shoot cultures on medium supplemented with BA1Kn0.1 for 10 days. Pigment profiles of shoot culltures were similar to their corresponding mother plants. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) was used as a preliminary technique to evaluate the genetic similarity of the shoot cultures and their corresponding mother plants. It showed four similar DNA banding patterns to their leaves, ranging from 271-765 bp.
Gembong Satria Mahardhika
KELUWIH: Jurnal Kesehatan dan Kedokteran, Volume 2, pp 64-74; https://doi.org/10.24123/kesdok.v2i2.4431

Abstract:
—COVID-19 is a major emerging disease that affects any certain condition. However, a recent report suggests the occurrence of hyperglycemia without any present diabetes in COVID-19 patients. This study aimed to systematically review recent evidence on hyperglycemia in COVID-19 patients. Literature research was done using four search engines, consist of Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and ProQuest, and limited to English manuscript only and published from February 2020 to September 2020. SARS-CoV-2 could damage the pancreas by causing the destruction of the β-cell structure that leads to impairment of glucose metabolism and worsen pre-existing diabetes or determine the appearance of hyperglycemia in non-diabetes. Inflammation also plays a major important role in hyperglycemia related to COVID-19. Hyperglycemia increased the vulnerability of the lung, by promoting and facilitating the entry of the SARS-CoV-2 into the host cells, and decreasing lung function. Moreover, the mortality and morbidity rate conceivable increased due to hyperglycemia. The presence of high glucose levels is linked with the progression of COVID-19 severity. Thus, the glucose level should be concerned, either in a patient with present diabetes or without any presence of diabetes. Examination and monitoring of glucose levels might be a useful tool to prevent the seriousness of COVID-19 Keywords: diabetes mellitus, SARS-CoV-2, high glucose level, pulmonary infection Abstrak—COVID-19 adalah penyakit yang muncul yang mempengaruhi kondisi tertentu.Namun, sebuah laporan baru-baru ini menunjukkan terjadinya hiperglikemia tanpa adanya diabetes pada pasien COVID-19. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meninjau secara sistematis bukti terbaru tentang hiperglikemia pada pasien COVID-19. Penelitian literatur dilakukan dengan menggunakan empat mesin pencari, yaitu Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, dan ProQuest, dan terbatas hanya pada manuskrip berbahasa Inggris dan diterbitkan dari Februari 2020 hingga September 2020. SARS-CoV-2 dapat merusak pankreas dengan menyebabkan kerusakan pada pankreas. struktur sel β yang menyebabkan gangguan metabolisme glukosa dan memperburuk diabetes yang sudah ada sebelumnya atau menentukan munculnya hiperglikemia pada kelompok non-diabetes. Peradangan juga memainkan peran penting utama dalam hiperglikemia terkait COVID-19. Hiperglikemia meningkatkan kerentanan paru-paru, dengan mendorong dan memfasilitasi masuknya SARS-CoV-2 ke dalam sel inang, dan menurunkan fungsi paru-paru. Selain itu, angka mortalitas dan morbiditas yang diperkirakan meningkat karena hiperglikemia. Adanya kadar glukosa yang tinggi dikaitkan dengan perkembangan keparahan COVID-19. Dengan demikian, kadar glukosa harus diperhatikan, baik pada pasien dengan diabetes saat ini atau tanpa adanya diabetes. Pemeriksaan dan pemantauan kadar glukosa mungkin menjadi alat yang berguna untuk mencegah derajat keparahan COVID-19. Kata kunci: diabetes mellitus, SARS-CoV-2, peningkatan kadar glukosa, infeksi paru
Made Indira Dianti Sanjiwani, I Made Widianantara
KELUWIH: Jurnal Kesehatan dan Kedokteran, Volume 2, pp 102-109; https://doi.org/10.24123/kesdok.v2i2.4189

Abstract:
Uterine fibroids or leiomyomas are benign neoplasms that occur in the uterus and still become a health problem among women of reproductive age. Predominantly, uterine fibroids are found at productive age but some cases are found after menopause. Based on previous studies, there were 145 cases of uterine fibroids in 2014 and 69.7% were found in women over 40 years. Patients with uterine fibroids show a decreased quality of life with symptoms such as heavy uterine bleeding, pelvic pain, and loss of pregnancy. The pathogenesis of uterine fibroids is still unknown, but genetic factors, cytokines, growth factors, and steroid hormones are weak and play an important role in the development of uterine fibroids. Several studies have shown the effect of resveratrol that can be obtained from grape skins. Resveratrol can reduce extracellular matrix deposition and uterine fibroid cell proliferation. Looking at the induced events then resveratrol is effective in preventing the progression of uterine fibroids.
Devitya Angielevi Sukarno
KELUWIH: Jurnal Kesehatan dan Kedokteran, Volume 2, pp 110-114; https://doi.org/10.24123/kesdok.v2i2.4033

Abstract:
--Insulin resistance underlies the pathogenesis of chronic disease, such as diabetes mellitus which has high morbidity and mortality rate. Insulin resistance is a pathological condition when cells fail to respond normally to the insulin hormone, because of insulin signaling pathway disruption. Bound between insulin and insulin’s receptor cannot phosphorylate tyrosine and fail to activate insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1). This failure decrease Glucose transporter-4 (GLUT-4) expression on the skeletal muscle’s cell membrane, that leads to decrease glucose influx and increase blood glucose level. A routine physical training which does according to adequate training dose, will activate adenosin 5’monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and lead to the translocation of GLUT-4 vesicles without insulin and insulin’s receptor bonding.GLUT-4 expression on the skeletal muscle’s cell membrane which is stimulated by muscle contraction will increase glucose influx and decrease blood glucose level. Keywords: insulin resistance; physical training; insulin signaling pathway Abstrak--Resistensi insulin merupakan penyebab yang mendasari terjadinya penyakit kronis seperti diabetes melitus yang memiliki angka morbiditas dan mortalitas tinggi.Resistensi insulin merupakan keadaan patologis dimana terjadi kegagalan respon seluler terhadap hormon insulin akibat gangguan pada jalur sinyal insulin.Ikatan insulin pada reseptornya tidak dapat menyebabkan fosforilasi tirosin sehingga tidak dapat mengaktivasi insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1). Kegagalan aktivasi tersebut akan menyebabkan penurunan ekspresi Glucose transporter-4 (GLUT-4) pada membran sel otot rangka sehingga ambilan glukosa oleh sel menurun dan glukosa darah meningkat. Latihan fisik yang dilakukan secara rutin, teratur dan sesuai dengan dosis latihan yang tepat dapat mengaktivasi adenosin 5’monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), sehingga menyebabkan translokasi vesikel berisi GLUT-4, tanpa melalui ikatan insulin dengan reseptornya. Ekspresi GLUT-4 pada membran sel yang dirangsang oleh kontraksi otot akan meningkatkan ambilan glukosa dan menurunkan glukosa darah. Kata kunci: resistensi insulin; latihan fisik; jalur sinyal insulin
Achmad Lukman Hakim
KELUWIH: Jurnal Kesehatan dan Kedokteran, Volume 2, pp 75-81; https://doi.org/10.24123/kesdok.v2i2.3985

Abstract:
—Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease caused by a coronavirus where the virus attacks the respiratory tract and can infect humans and animals. Therefore, preventive measures against breaking the chain of transmission of this infectious disease must be carried out as quickly as possible in breaking the chain of transmission of COVID-19. The research objective was to determine the relationship between health promotion through social media and physical distancing policies on behavioral prevention of COVID-19 in urban communities. The research method is quantitative with cross sectional research design. The population in this research is all urban people who live in the DKI Jakarta area. The sampling technique used accidental sampling of 100 respondents. The data used are primary data through distributing questionnaires and secondary data derived from Jakarta's COVID-19 monitoring data. Data analysis was performed univariate and bivariate with the Pearson product moment correlation test. The results showed the relationship between health promotion through social media (with p-value = 0.001 and r = 0.315) and physical distancing policies (with p-value = 0,000 and r = 0.973) on COVID-19 prevention behavior in urban communities. It is hoped that the government will not hesitate in carrying out policies in reducing the spread of COVID-19 and promoting coordination with various related parties. Keywords: Health Promotion, Physical Distancing Policies, Social Media Abstrak— Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) adalah salah satu penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh coronavirus dimana virus tersebut menyerang saluran pernafasan dan dapat menginfeksi manusia dan hewan. Oleh sebab itu, tindakan pencegahan terhadap memutus rantai penularan penyakit menular tersebut wajib dilakukan secepat mungkin dalam memutus mata rantai penularan COVID-19. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan antara promosi kesehatan melalui media social dan kebijakan physical distancing terhadap perilaku pencegahan perilaku COVID-19 pada masyarakat perkotaan. Metode penelitian adalah kuantitatif dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian adalah seluruh masyarakat perkotaan yang berdomisili di wilayah DKI Jakarta. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan accidental sampling sebanyak 100 responden. Data yang digunakan data primer melalui penyebaran kuesioner dan data sekunder yang berasal dari data pemantauan COVID-19 DKI Jakarta. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat dan bivariat dengan uji korelasi pearson product moment. Hasil penelitian menujukkan hubungan promosi kesehatan melalui media sosial (dengan p-value=0,001 dan r=0,315) dan kebijakan physical distancing (dengan p-value=0,000 dan r=0,973) terhadap perilaku pencegahan COVID-19 pada masyarakat perkotaan. Diharapkan pemerintah tidak ragu dalam menjalankan kebijakan dalam menekan penyebaran COVID-19 serta mengedepankan koordinasi dengan berbagai pihak terkait. Kata kunci: Kebijakan Physical Distancing, Media Sosial, Promosi Kesehatan
Muhammad Sultan
KELUWIH: Jurnal Kesehatan dan Kedokteran, Volume 2, pp 82-90; https://doi.org/10.24123/kesdok.v2i2.4098

Abstract:
The potential hazards and risks in the household are many hazards from physical, chemical, biological and psychological factors. This study aims to explain the hazards of work in households. This study used a descriptive qualitative design with 7 family heads selected as informants. Information collection was carried out in November 2020 in Teluk Lerong Ulu Village, Samarinda City. Interviews and indepth interviews using qualitative interviews and data analysis. The results of the research show that the dangers and risks of work accidents that can cause hospital occupants and eye health problems due to poor lighting, burns, scratches or injuries due to sharp objects, being pinched, crushed and crushed by falling objects. Resident health complaints such as allergic itching and skin diseases, respiratory problems, and complaints of Musculoskeletal Disorder. If not managed properly, these hazards and risks can lead to prolonged health complaints and serious accidents. Therefore, efforts to deal with hazards and risks appropriately are defeated by the daily activities of residents of the household.
Herry Wibowo
KELUWIH: Jurnal Kesehatan dan Kedokteran, Volume 2, pp 91-95; https://doi.org/10.24123/kesdok.v2i2.2532

Abstract:
— The diagnosis of Hirschprung's disease is made with barium enema and rectal biopsy in full thickness. The Duhamel procedure was performed in 8 cases in 2008 for cases of Hirschsprung's disease. Age range of patients 7 months to 11 years. The average body weight when operated on is 7-21 kg. Morbidity and mortality after surgery were not launched. Anorectal myectomy with low anterior resection, the Duhamel-Martin procedure, and the Soave pull-through endorectal procedure are the most acceptable methods for surgical management. Hirschsprung's disease was treated in Syaiful Anwar Hospital Malang in 2008 with the following data: 1 person in January (1 year), 1 person in February (6 years), 1 person in March (7 years), 3 people in April ( 7 months, 4 years and 2 years), 2 people in August 2008 (7 months and 11 years). Enlarged abdomen with bloating, repeated constipation and sometimes aborted. Withdrawal procedures that work with endorectal withdrawal procedures, all show long results Keywords: duhamel technique, hirschsprung's disease, constipation, infant Abstrak— Diagnosis penyakit Hirschprung dibuat dengan barium enema dan full-thickness rectal biopsy. Duhamel procedure telah dilakukan pada 8 kasus pada tahun 2008 untuk kasus Hirschsprung's disease. Rentang usia penderita 7 bulan hingga 11 tahun. Berat badan rata – rata saat dioperasi 7 – 21 kg. Morbiditas dan mortalitas setelah operasi tidak dilaporkan. Anorectal myectomy dengan low anterior resection, Duhamel-Martin procedure, dan Soave endorectal pull-through procedure adalah metode yang paling dapat diterima untuk penatalaksanaan bedah. Didapatkan Kasus penyakit Hirschsprung's yang berobat di Rumah Sakit Syaiful Anwar Malang selama tahun 2008 dengan data sebagai berikut yaitu 1 orang di Januari (1 tahun) , 1 orang di Februari (6 tahun), 1 orang Maret (7 bulan), 3 orang April (7 bulan, 4 tahun dan 2 tahun), 2 orang Agustus 2008 (7 bulan dan 11 tahun). Tiap penderita mengalami riwayat abdominal distention dengan gejala perut kembung berulang, konstipasi dan kadang –kadang disertai mual. Delapan penderita yang menjalani operasi dengan prosedur endorectal pullthrough , semuanya menunjukkan hasil jangka panjang yang memuaskan. Kata kunci: tehnik duhamel, penyakit hirschsprung's , konstipasi, infant
Dewi Puspita Apsari, Ni Luh Setiawati
MPI (Media Pharmaceutica Indonesiana), Volume 3, pp 188-196; https://doi.org/10.24123/mpi.v3i3.3918

Abstract:
Pengobatan konvensional seperti NSAID sering digunakan untuk mengontrol nyeri dan inflamasi pasien osteoartritis (OA). Namun terkadang obat tersebut tidak efektif. Kombinasi pengobatan konvensional dan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional dirasa mampu mengatasi masalah tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efektivitas pijat dengan minyak esensial cengkeh terhadap status fungsional pasien OA. Metode yang digunakan adalah quasi experimental-nonequivalent control group design pada 40 pasien OA yang berusia 46-84 tahun dengan skor VAS>4. Pada kelompok intervensi, pasien OA diberikan kombinasi terapi konvensional dan pijat dengan minyak esensial cengkeh. Sebaliknya pada kelompok kontrol pasien OA diberikan kombinasi terapi konvensional dan pijat dengan minyak kelapa. Penilaian efektivitas dilakukan pada hari ke-0, 1, 2 dan 3 pengobatan dengan kuisoner WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index). Status fungsional pasien digambarkan dalam empat skor outcome yakni skor total WOMAC, intensitas nyeri, kekakuan, dan fungsi fisik pasien. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pijat dengan minyak esensial cengkeh signifikan meningkatkan status fungsional pasien dengan nilai rata-rata skor total WOMAC (21,30 ± 3,36; p=0,02), nyeri (3,80 ± 1,01; p=0,00), kekakuan (1,85 ± 0,75; p=0,00) dan domain fungsi fisik (15,65 ± 2,54; p=0,00) di hari ketiga pengobatan. Sebaliknya kelompok kontrol hanya signifikan menurunkan intensitas nyeri (7,60 ± 1,73; p=0,00) yang dialami pasien. Jadi kombinasi pengobatan konvensional dan pijat dengan minyak esensial cengkeh meningkatkan status fungsional pasien OA.
Maria Philomena Erika Rengga, Ridwan Brampi Kono, Christin Aprilian Beama
MPI (Media Pharmaceutica Indonesiana), Volume 3, pp 179-187; https://doi.org/10.24123/mpi.v3i3.3937

Abstract:
Interaksi obat penting untuk diperhatikan, dicegah, dan ditangani karena dapat mempengaruhi kerja dari obat dengan mengubah kadar obat dalam darah, meningkatkan risiko efek samping atau toksisitas obat, dan dapat memperparah kondisi medis tertentu yang dimiliki pasien, termasuk Penyakit Ginjal Kronik (PGK). Masalah interaksi obat akibat polifarmasi pada pasien dengan PGK menjadi penting karena efek dari interaksi obat dapat mempengaruhi keberhasilan terapi, padahal PGK sendiri merupakan kondisi dengan berbagai komorbid yang harus dikontrol. RSUD Prof. Dr. W. Z. Johannes sebagai satu-satunya RS rujukan pemerintah tingkat provinsi di Nusa Tenggara Timur membutuhkan data deskriptif interaksi obat PGK agar dapat dilakukan langkah perbaikan ke depannya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menggambarkan interaksi obat PGK di RSUD Prof. Dr. W. Z. Johannes tahun 2018. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif yang pengambilan datanya dilakukan secara retrospektif. Teknik systematic sampling digunakan untuk memilih 100 sampel dari 400 populasi PGK. Selanjutnya 16 sampel dieksklusi sehingga hanya 84 sampel yang dianalisis. Interaksi obat secara potensial ditemukan pada 72 pasien (85,7%) dan tertinggi pada tingkat keparahan sedang (68,0%). Interaksi obat paling banyak berpotensi terjadi antara furosemid dan golongan Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-inhibitor.
Indra Topik Maulana, Budi Prabowo Soewondo, Abdul Kudus
MPI (Media Pharmaceutica Indonesiana), Volume 3, pp 162-170; https://doi.org/10.24123/mpi.v3i3.4461

Abstract:
Nanas (Ananas comosus L.) subang memiliki potensi untuk dibuat menjadi pangan fungsional sari nanas yang memiliki aktivitas antioksidan. Untuk menghasilkan produk yang tahan lama dan memiliki aktivitas antioksidan, maka sari nanas dibuat dengan melewati empat faktor perlakuan yaitu pemilihan bahan, penambahan gula, blansing, dan pemasakan dengan masing–masing terdiri dari dua variabel yaitu positif dan negatif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa pengaruh empat faktor perlakuan tersebut terhadap aktivitas antioksidan dari sari nanas. Pembuatan sari nanas didesain melalui pendekatan half design experiment. Uji aktivitas antioksidan dilakukan dengan metode peredaman radikal bebas 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa seluruh sampel yang disimpan pada suhu kamar mengalami fermentasi kurang dari 7 hari pengujian, sedangkan seluruh sampel yang disimpan pada suhu dingin lebih tahan lama sehingga dilanjutkan pada pengujian selanjutnya. Diagram pareto menunjukkan pemilihan bahan, konsentrasi gula, dan durasi waktu blansing secara nyata memberikan pengaruh terhadap peningkatan aktivitas antioksidan dari sari nanas. Namun demikian, durasi waktu pemasakan masih perlu dianalisis lebih lanjut.
Dewi Isnaeni, Andi Ulfa Magefirah Rasyid, Rahmawati
MPI (Media Pharmaceutica Indonesiana), Volume 3, pp 138-145; https://doi.org/10.24123/mpi.v3i3.3629

Abstract:
Telah dilakukan penelitian untuk menguji efektivitas ekstrak etanol daun Upo-upo (Phyllodium pulchellum (L.) Desv.) terhadap pertumbuhan Streptococcus viridans dan Streptococcus pyogenes. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan konsentrasi ekstrak yang paling efektif. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode ekstraksi maserasi terhadap bahan uji dan uji mikrobiologis menggunakan metode Disc diffusion menurut Kirby & Bauer dengan konsentrasi ekstrak 1; 1,5; 2; dan 2,5%, dengan kontrol positif cefixime dan kontrol negatif CMC Na 1%. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak etanol daun Upo-upo dapat menghambat pertumbuhan S. viridans pada konsentrasi ekstrak 1; 1,5; 2; dan 2,5%, masing-masing dengan diameter hambatan 9,01; 9,58; 10,24; dan 12,27 mm, sedangkan zona hambatan untuk kontrol positif 22,07 mm dan kontrol negatif tanpa zona hambatan. Zona hambatan terhadap S. pyogenes pada konsentrasi ekstrak 1; 1,5; 2; dan 2,5% masing-masing adalah 9,51; 9,91; 10,93; dan 13,59 mm, dimana zona hambatan kontrol positif 25,77 mm dan kontrol negatif tanpa zona hambatan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa ekstrak etanol daun Upo-upo pada semua tingkat konsentrasi mempunyai efektivitas antibakteri terhadap S. viridans dan S. pyogenes. Efektivitas antibakteri ekstrak etanol daun Upo-upo terhadap pertumbuhan S. viridans dan S. pyogenes menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi konsentrasi ekstrak, maka semakin besar pula zona hambat yang dihasilkan. Konsentrasi yang paling efektif adalah 2,5%.
Aliyah Aliyah, Latifah Rahman
MPI (Media Pharmaceutica Indonesiana), Volume 3, pp 171-178; https://doi.org/10.24123/mpi.v3i3.4456

Abstract:
Buah sukun (Artocarpus altilis) merupakan salah satu sumber karbohidrat tinggi yang dapat diolah menjadi pati dan memiliki multifungsi sebagai bahan tambahan dalam industri farmasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan sifat fisiko-kimia pati buah sukun dan untuk mengetahui fungsinya sebagai bahan tambahan dalam sediaan tablet konvensional. Pati diperoleh dari buah sukun muda dan mengkal menggunakan metode dekantasi. Pati yang diperoleh dikeringkan dan dilakukan analisis fisika meliputi pH, kadar air, kerapatan sejati, kerapatan nyata, kerapatan mampat, kecepatan alir, dan viskositas, serta analisis kimia meliputi kadar amilosa dan amilopektin. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rendemen pati buah sukun muda dan mengkal masing-masing 4,3% dan 8,93%, berupa serbuk halus berwarna putih, tidak berasa, dan berbau khas sukun, bentuk speris tidak beraturan, dengan ukuran partikel rata-rata 26,06 µm dan 5,69 µm. Analisis sifat fisika memperlihatkan bahwa kedua pati memiliki pH, kadar air, dan kerapatan yang sesuai pustaka, sifat alir yang buruk, dengan viskositas yang memperlihatkan bahwa semakin tinggi konsentrasi pati semakin meningkat viskositasnya; sedangkan hasil analisis kimia menunjukkan bahwa kedua pati memiliki kadar amilosa yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kadar amilopektinnya, sehingga direkomendasikan untuk digunakan sebagai bahan penghancur sediaan tablet konvensional.
Amelia Lorensia, Emiliana Lamur
KELUWIH: Jurnal Kesehatan dan Kedokteran, Volume 2, pp 96-101; https://doi.org/10.24123/kesdok.v2i2.3051

Abstract:
Indonesia saat ini belum memiliki regulasi terkait dengan penjualan obat melalui media online, termasuk apotek online. Namun tatap muka apoteker dan pasien sangat penting dilakukan, karena melalui media online tanpa ada persyaratan atau pembatasan yang mengatur sehingga untuk memberikan jaminan keselamatan kepada masyarakat dan menghindari penyalahgunaan obat yang dijual melalui media online. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan deskriptif kuantitatif non eksperimental dengan metode purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini melalui wawancara menggunakan kuesioner untuk mengetahui persepsi apoteker terhadap apotek online di Indonesia. Pada penelitian ini sampel difokuskan dengan metode non-random sampling dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Jumlah responden yang terlibat adalah 100 orang apoteker. Persepsi responden sebagaian besar memberikan persepsi positif, baik pada jaminan kualitas mutu obat dan pelayanan kefarmasian. Responden juga menyetujui adanya keuntungan pembelian via online, seperti kemudahan akses, hemat waktu, dan kelengkapan informasi. Namun responden juga menyetujui adanya kekurangan dari pembelian online seperti risiko keaslian obat, keterbatasan informasi, dan penyalahgunaan obat. Apoteker memandang apotek online sebagai peluang dalam penjualan obat namun juga berisiko penyalahgunaan obat bila tidak diatur dalam regulasi pemerintah.
Budi Setyawan
Published: 26 June 2021
Jurnal Bisnis Terapan, Volume 5, pp 73-88; https://doi.org/10.24123/jbt.v5i1.4093

Abstract:
This study was conducted to determine the influence of working capital and profitability on firm value, either partially or simultaneously on the issuers of the Textile and Garment Sector at the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The data collection method used was documents studies, using secondary data in the form of financial reports from the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The data obtained were then processed by multiple regression method with SPSS software version 23.00. The results showed that working capital partially had no significant effect on firm value. Profitability partially has a significant effect on firm value. Simultaneously working capital and profitability have a significant effect on firm value. Keywords: Working Capital, Profitability, Firm Value
Desak Ayu Sriary Bhegawati, Ni Nyoman Ari Novarini
Published: 26 June 2021
Jurnal Bisnis Terapan, Volume 5, pp 23-34; https://doi.org/10.24123/jbt.v5i1.4062

Abstract:
Village Credit Institutions are microfinance institutions that reflect the existence of a community in society based on the principles of Balinese customary law. There are 4 problems with the hypothesis of this study, namely leadership ethics has a positive effect on the quality of financial reporting, the function of the Supervisory Body has a positive effect on the quality of financial reporting, Work experience has a positive effect on the quality of financial reporting. The level of accounting comprehension has a positive effect on the quality of financial reporting. Sampling of this study used saturated sampling with all 35 LPD units studied in Denpasar City. The analytical tool used in this research was Multiple Linear Regression. , the results of the study showed that Leadership Ethics, the function of the supervisory body, and the level of accounting understanding have a positive effect on the quality of financial reports at LPDs in Denpasar City. While work experience has no effect on the quality of financial reports at LPDs in Denpasar City. Improving the performance of LPD managers, especially the chairman, must prioritize leadership ethics. In addition, the function of the supervisory body is always improved and refers to procedures according to the rules for presenting financial statements. Accounting understanding also continues to be improved. Employee training continues to be improved because it provides more work roles for the LPDs so that the performance of the Denpasar City LPD continues to increase. Keyword : Quality of Financial Statements, Leadership Ethics, Supervisory Body Functions, Level of Accounting Understanding
Marfuah Marfuah, Sanintya Mayantya, Priyono Puji Prasetyo
Published: 26 June 2021
Jurnal Bisnis Terapan, Volume 5, pp 57-72; https://doi.org/10.24123/jbt.v5i1.4079

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of tax minimization, bonus mechanisms, foreign ownership, exchange rates, and audit quality on transfer pricing in manufacturing companies in Indonesia. The population of this research was all manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2017 to 2019. By using the purposive sampling method, 81 companies were selected as the research sample. Based on logistic regression analysis, it was proven that the tax minimization variable has a significant positive effect on transfer pricing decisions. Likewise, the audit quality variable is proven to have a significant negative effect on transfer pricing decisions in manufacturing companies in Indonesia. Meanwhile, the bonus mechanism, foreign ownership, and exchange rate variables were not proven to have a significant effect on the company's transfer pricing decision. These results indicated that the greater the tax minimization carried out by the company and the lower the audit quality will increase the probability of the company in conducting transfer pricing, and vice versa. The results of this study have implications for encouraging the government to make regulations that can prevent transfer pricing practices between companies that have a special relationship that might harm the government from tax revenue. Keywords: bonus mechanism; foreign ownership; tax minimization; transfer pricing
Joseph Tangon, Merry Ligia Sael, Ririn Fadilah Baso
Published: 26 June 2021
Jurnal Bisnis Terapan, Volume 5, pp 35-46; https://doi.org/10.24123/jbt.v5i1.3931

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to design existing financial reports using applications that are easier, faster, more complete, accurate, and timely in presenting financial statement information. This research was conducted at the Kost Katto 2 Kec. Mapanget, Manado. The data obtained from the author's interviews with business owners and employees. The research method used was a qualitative method with a descriptive approach. Data collection was carried out by means of observation, interviews, and literature study.The results showed that in preparing financial reports based on SAK EMKM using Microsoft Access, all difficulties and problems faced in preparing financial reports could be resolved. This arrangement was based on the accounting cycle by preparing the required forecast tables, after which it can input transactions and can see the results of the financial statement design in the form of an income statement, a statement of financial position, and notes to financial statements. The recommendation from the results of this study is that Kost Katto 2 should make bookkeeping reports in accordance with existing standards and make financial reports using the Microsoft Access application program designed based on SAK EMKM Keywords: Application design, financial report, SAK EMKM
Nabiell Ghibran, Lukman Effendy, Indria Puspitasari Lenap
Published: 26 June 2021
Jurnal Bisnis Terapan, Volume 5, pp 125-138; https://doi.org/10.24123/jbt.v5i1.4029

Abstract:
The study was intended to analyze the reactions of Indonesia's capital markets on events Indonesia tested positive for the corona virus pandemic. The study adopted an 11-day period of event study analysis. The population in this study is the entire company listed on the LQ45 index at the Indonesian stock exchange in February - June 2020. Sampling taken in this study uses an impressive sampling technique. Samples obtained by criteria on this research account number 42 companies. Variables used in this study are abnormal return and trading volume of activity. The study used paired sample t-test analysis methods. The research indicates that there was no significant difference between average abnormal return before and after the Indonesia announcement was positive the corona virus pandemic. This is indicated by the results of the significant paired sample t-test that have a value of 0.924 > 0.05. Additionally, this study indicates that there was no significant difference in average trading volume activity before and after the events of the Indonesian announcement was positive that the corona virus pandemic. This is indicated by the results of the significant paired sample t-test that have a value of 0.936 > 0.05. Keywords : Event Study, Corona Virus Pandemic, Abnormal Return, Trading Volume Activity
Septiana Novita Dewi, Aris Tri Haryanto
Published: 26 June 2021
Jurnal Bisnis Terapan, Volume 5, pp 101-114; https://doi.org/10.24123/jbt.v5i1.2841

Abstract:
This research aimed to test and analyze the role of product display, security and ease of transaction decisions using Shopee's shipping services. This research was conducted in the Surakarta area. The object of this research is consumers who have transacted using the Shopee application. The population in this study were consumers who had shopped using the Shopee application who had made transactions at the end of 2019. The sample determination process was carried out based on consumer experience in using the Shopee application. Furthermore, it was ensured that the consumers who were the samples of this study met the specified criteria and were willing to fill out the questionnaire. If they were not willing and do not meet the criteria, then the consumer was skipped and then researcher looked for other consumers who met the sample criteria. By using this technique, not all populations in this study had the same opportunities as research samples. In this study the sample was 56 respondents. This study resulted in a regression equation, it can be seen that product appearance, security and convenience have a positive effect on the decision to transact using Shopee's shipping services. The results of the t-statistical test show that product appearance, security and convenience partially have a significant effect on the decision to transact using Shopee's delivery service Keywords: Product Display, Security and Ease, Transaction Decision.
Muchammad Saifuddin
Published: 26 June 2021
Jurnal Bisnis Terapan, Volume 5, pp 115-124; https://doi.org/10.24123/jbt.v5i1.3028

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the existence of a pandemic covid 19 which is an obstacle for small and medium- sized enterprises (SMEs) in marketing. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the forms of digital marketing out by small-medium enterprises during the covid 19 pandemic that cannot be predicted for the end of the covid 19 pandemic. This research was descriptive qualitative one using a literature study with the focus to explain the results of research obtained by researchers. The results of this study was to provide an overview of digital marketing at the time of the covid-19 pandemic. Keywords: Digital Merketing, Marketing, covid-19, inbound marketing, outbond marketing
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