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Journal of Sohag Agriscience (JSAS) pp 20-41; https://doi.org/10.21608/jsasj.2021.78457.1002

Abstract:
This study was conducted at the experimental farm of Shandaweel Research Station, Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Sohag Governorate, during the two seasons of 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 to study the response of some onion varieties different fertilization treatments (without fertilization, 100% NPK, biofertilizer + humic acid, bio fertilizer + humic acid + nano-ZnO, 75% NPK + Biofertilizer + nano-ZnO, 50% NPK + biofertilizer + nano-ZnO, 75% NPK + humic acid + nano-ZnO, 50% NPK + humic acid + nano-ZnO, mineral NPK 75% + Biofertilizer + humic acid + nano-ZnO and mineral NPK 50% + Biofertilizer + humic acid + nano-ZnO). The highest means of bulb diameter were recorded for Shandaweel 1, while the lowest means were recorded for Giza 20, in both seasons. The highest means of bulb diameter were obtained under the treatment of 75% NPK + bio fert. + humic + nano-ZnO at 90 days in the second season and at 120 days in both seasons, while the treatment of 75% NPK + humic + nano-ZnO appeared the highest values of bulb diameter at 90 days in the first season. Shandaweel 1 variety attained the highest values of plant fresh weight and plant dry weight at 90 days in both seasons, while Giza 6 Mohassan recorded the lowest values at 90 days in the 2nd season. The treatments of 75% NPK+ bio fert. + humic + nano-ZnO appeared the highest values of plant fresh weight and plant dry weight at 90 days.
Khaled Moselhi, , Mohamed Ahmed El-Gazzar, Abd-Elrahman Mohamed Sobhy El-Zefzaf
Zagazig University Medical Journal; https://doi.org/10.21608/zumj.2022.102365.2380

Abstract:
Background: Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The traumatized patient outcome is multi-factorial through combination of clinical diagnosis and severity of comorbidities. Aim: This study aimed to enhance the outcome of polytrauma patients admitted to intensive care unit through construct a predictive model for mortality on the basis of easily available parameters. Methods: Our cohort prospective study consisted of 60 Egyptian patients from January2020 to January2021 over 16 years old with Glasgow coma scale (GCS) 4-14 followed traumatic brain injury and full clinical evaluation on admission was done including a full history, clinical examination, radiological and laboratory investigations. All patients were evaluated according to GCS, APACHE II and RTS scores. In addition, all patients were followed-up for 2weeks from the day of admission .The primary outcome assessed the mortality with analysis of different clinical and lab parameters for detection of predictors of mortality. Results: Sixty patients were with mean age/year was 40.43 ± 16.9. A mortality rate of 45% as non-survivor was detected with a predominance of road traffic accidents as a mode of injury (51.7%). There is statistically significance of lower scores of GCS and RTS but higher scores of APACHE II in non- survivors than survivors. Multivariate logistic regression detects that diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most significant predictor of non survivors. Conclusion: Multiple significant predictors of mortality were found as: advanced age, low PLT count, high renal function tests and radiological CT brain findings. DM is the most significant mortality predictor.
مصطفی محمود أحمد محمد
مجلة البحوث فی مجالات التربیة النوعیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/jedu.2022.112716.1561

Abstract:
The aim of the current research is to reveal the use of theatrical performances in alleviating shyness and emotionality among university students. Specific Education - Aswan University and the research reached several results, the most important of which are: There are statistically significant differences at the level (0.05) between the average scores of the study sample students in the tribal and remote measures of the (shyness-emotional) scale in favor of the post-measurement. . There are also statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the two measurements, before and after, in favor of the post measurement on the shyness and emotionality scale.There are statistically significant differences between the average scores of the pre and post measurements in favor of the post measurement to reduce emotional intensity on the shyness and emotionality scale, and there is no statistically significant difference at the level (0.05) between the average scores of the study sample students in the post measurement of the (shyness-emotional) scale according to gender. (males and females).
, Walaa M. Elwan
Egyptian Journal of Histology; https://doi.org/10.21608/ejh.2022.100644.1576

Abstract:
Introduction: Obesity is an epidemic health problem leads to adverse effects on different body organs especially salivary glands. Gomisin A is a diben‌zocyclooctadiene lignan derived from Schisandra Chinensis fruits. It possesses anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity actions. Aim: this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of high fat diet on the rat submandibular salivary glands with the possible protection by gomisin A, using histological, immunohistochemical and scanning electron microscopic study. Materials & methods: for 6 weeks’ duration, 50 adult male albino rats (150-200 gm) were used divided into 5 groups (10 rats each); Group 1: Control; Group 2: High fat diet (HFD): rats received high fat diet; Group 3: High fat diet (HFD)+ dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO): rats received DMSO 1 hr. before HFD; Group 4: High fat diet (HFD) + Gomisin A low dose (GLD): rats received gomisin A in a low Dose 5 mg/kg/day 1 hr. before HFD; and Group 5: high fat diet (HFD) + Gomicin A high dose (GHD): rats received a high dose of gomisin A (20 mg/kg/day) 1 hr. before HFD, doses taken orally by intragastric tube. Results: high fat diet group showed significantly increased gland weight. H&E sections showed disturbed architecture, congested blood vessels, inflammatory cellular infiltrations, acinar cells with cytoplasmic vacuoles, and darkly stained nuclei, beside vacuolated ducts. Also, significantly decreased proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) reaction, significantly decreased beta cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) reaction, and duct cells with lost membranous expression for E-cadherin appeared. Additionally, the scanning electron microscope showed distended lobules while shrinkage of others, apparently increased acini with accumulated secretion in the secretory granules and apparently dilated ducts. These degenerative changes were attenuated by gomicin A at dose dependent manner. Conclusion: High fat diet induced structural changes in the rat submandibular salivary glands, and gomisin A could protect against these changes.
محمد رمضان یوسف شعبان
مجلة علوم الریاضة; https://doi.org/10.21608/ssj.2022.111514.1171

Abstract:
يمثل البحث العلمي أهمية کبيرة في تحقيق التقدم الحضاري والرقى البشرى لمجالات الحياة المختلفة ولقد أصبح من المألوف أن نلاحظ العلاقة الايجابية الواضحة بين الدول التي حققت قدرا من التقدم العلمي وتفوقها الرياضي في البطولات العربية والأفريقية والعالمية.ويعتبر التخطيط في المجال الرياضي عنصراً أساسياً لتحقيق أهداف معينة من خلال تحديده لخطوات العمل المختلفة والتي تهدف للوصول إلى هذه الأهداف معتمدا على التدريب المخطط طبقا للأسس والمبادئ العملية.فالوصول إلى المستويات الرياضية العليا في مجال التدريب ليس وليدالصدفة ولکن نتيجة للتخطيط العلمي والبحث عن طرق وأساليب علمية فعالة.وتخطيط التدريب هو الذي يفرق بين مدرب کفء جيد يعرف واجباته ويدرک ما يسعى إلى تحقيقه وبين مدرب آخر يقوم بإعطاء تمرينات تخصصية في النشاط الذي يقوم بالتدريب فيه بدون أن يدرک ماذا يسعى إليه،ان أي تدريب رياضي يحسن من مستوى أداء اللاعبين ولکن مقدرة المدرب تختلف عن مدرب آخرفي أن أولهما يخطط لتحقيق هدف ما والأخر يترک الأمر على ما تسفر إليه الأمور.ويعد إنجاز وتحسين الأرقام القياسية في رفع الأثقال متطور بشکل مستمر عند استکمال الصفات...
سالی محمد شوقی عبدالجواد
مجلة البحوث فی مجالات التربیة النوعیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/jedu.2022.112378.1558

Abstract:
هدفت الدراسة الي التعرف علي معدل استخدام طلاب المرحلة الثانوية للأفلام التربوية والاشباعات المتحققة لديهم من خلال التعرف علي أکثر الانشطة التربوية التي يحب أن يشارک بها الطلاب، والتعرف علي الدور الذي يشارک به الطلاب في إنتاج الأفلام التربوية، ومدي اقبال الطلاب للمشارکة في صنع الأفلام التربوية، وتحديد أهم القيم الموجودة بالأفلام التربوية بالنسبة للطلاب المشارکين. وتنتمي الدراسة الي مجال الدراسات الوصفية، واعتمدت الدراسة علي منهج المسح الإعلامي، وتم تطبيق استمارة الاستبيان علي عينة عمدية من طلاب المرحلة الثانوية من مدارس محافظة المنيا المشارکين في إنتاج الأفلام التربوية، قوامها (103) مفردة. وأشارت النتائج إلي أن أهمية الأنشطة التربوية من وجهة نظر عينة الدراسة تمثلت في (تعلم مهارات جديدة وتنميتها). کما أشارت النتائج الي أن الطلاب المشارکين في صناعة الأفلام التربوية ارتفع معدل مستوي القيم التربوية المکتسبة لديهم حيث تحقق الفرض و ثبت وجود علاقة ارتباطية طردية ذات دلالة إحصائية بين مشارکة الطلاب في صناعة الأفلام التربوية ومستوى القيم التربوية لديهم؛ بمعنى أنه کلما زادت معدلات اشتراک الطلاب...
Diaa Attia Marrez, Abdulrhman Shaker, Mohamed Abdelalim Ali, Hayam M. Fathy
Egyptian Journal of Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.21608/ejchem.2022.110711.5043

Abstract:
Without food preservation, human life is in danger. Because there are many serious diseases transmitted through spoiled foods called foodborne diseases, like meningitis, diarrhea and cancer, and can be lead to long-lasting disability and death. Therefore, there had to be many ways to preserve food to prevent poisoning, illnesses, increase the shelf life of foods and maintain its nutritional values. Food preservation is a very sensitive issue and its’ techniques can generally be divided into three categories: physical, chemical and biological. This paper aims to review the three main categories of food preservation methods. Definitions, types, applications, advantages and disadvantages of each category will be considered with emphasis on its’ importance to the future of the food industry, antimicrobial activities and consumers' health. Chemical-based preservation methods' hazards will be discussed and possible side effects and diseases were mentioned. Biological preservation methods have been extensively reviewed with explanations of the natural antimicrobials from animal, microbial and plant origins. This review paper lists and discusses the three types of food preservation methods and focuses on, natural methods from different origins to maintain the quality and nutritional values of foods as well as extend their shelf life.
Egyptian Journal of Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.21608/ejchem.2022.110445.5024

Abstract:
The house can be considered as a factory for the production of various products. Every unit in this plant generates some wastes. Some of these wastes are dangerous called household hazardous wastes (HHHW) and must be dealt with carefully, and some of them are less dangerous and easy to deal with. Regarding hazardous household wastes, it must be defined to avoid the dangers resulting from handling it incorrectly. Some products that contain hazardous ingredients can be replaced with others that do not. The house was divided into different rooms according to the activity. The wastes produced from each room were individually identified, and the hazardous components of these wastes were identified, and the method of safe disposal of them. Some alternatives have also been suggested to reduce the danger of household wastes so that the house is safe for humans as well as domestic animals. This review aims to identify the HHHWs and how to deal with it safely. The goal extends to finding some safe or less dangerous alternatives to maintain safety and health inside homes.
Mohammed Hussien Ahmed, Mona Talaat, Hebat Allah Abdel Maksoud Ahmed, Aya M Mahros
Afro-Egyptian Journal of Infectious and Endemic Diseases; https://doi.org/10.21608/aeji.2021.94017.1176

Abstract:
Background and study aim: Portal hypertension is abnormal increase in portal pressure. Vasoreactivity, vascular ‎remodeling, and hepatic fibrosis contribute to increased intrahepatic resistance. β ‎blockers decrease cardiac output and mediate splanchnic vasoconstriction. Statins have ‎antioxidant, antiproliferative, and anti-inflammatory properties. We aimed to assess ‎portal vein pressure using Doppler ultrasound in cirrhotic patients before and after ‎atorvastatin administration‎.‎ Patients and Methods: ‎‎‎ This study was conducted on 58 patients Randomized controlled study was done at the hepatology gastroenterology and ‎infectious diseases department of Kafrelsheikh University Hospital on 40 cirrhotic ‎patients who were randomly assigned to either: Group A: included 20 cirrhotic patients ‎who were administered 20 mg of atorvastatin and 40 mg of propranolol daily for two ‎months (n=20) or Group B: patients who received 40 mg of propranolol alone daily ‎for two months (n=20). Clinical and laboratory evaluation, abdominal Doppler ‎ultrasound and upper endoscopy was done at the start and after two months‎.‎ Results: There was a significant difference in portal vein diameter before and after treatment (P-‎value = .039). Portal vein velocity, portal vein flow volume, hepatic artery resistance ‎index, and hepatic artery pulsatility index showed significant difference between both ‎groups. There was a significant difference in endoscopic grading before and after ‎treatment (P value = .000)‎‎‎‎. Conclusion: For lowering portal hypertension, atorvastatin and propranolol is more effective than ‎propranolol alone‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎.
Hasan Abouzied, Mohamed Soliman, Eman El-Sayed, Norhan Mohamed Kamel, Mokhtar El-Tarabilli
Suez Canal Veterinary Medical Journal. SCVMJ; https://doi.org/10.21608/scvmj.2022.109697.1060

Abstract:
Fowl aviadenoviruses (FAdV) have gained increasing attention recently in Egypt and worldwide. They are the primary etiology of many widespread diseases. Among these diseases, inclusion body hepatitis (IBH). Many outbreaks of IBH have been documented in the last few years across the country, causing significant economic losses to the Egyptian poultry sector. This study was established to identify FAdV from field outbreaks of IBH in commercial broiler farms in North Sinai province during the period from May 2016 till December 2017. Affected birds lie on their sides with reduced feed intake, depression, ruffled feathers, pale comb and facial skin. While the most common postmortem lesions were hydropericardium, yellowish enlarged liver with ecchymotic hemorrhages, pancreatitis, and enteritis. Histopathological examination of liver samples collected at different stages of infection showed multifocal necrosis, extensive congestion with inflammatory cellular infiltration. The presence of intranuclear inclusion bodies (INIB) was variable among samples. FAdV were detected in liver samples from eleven flocks out of the fourteen examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) using commercial kits with differences in viral load among samples. DNA samples from four flocks that exhibited the highest fluorescence curve altitudes were subjected to conventional PCR targeting the hexon loop-1 gene for genetic characterization purpose. Sequencing of the four specific PCR products and phylogenetic analysis of the sequences showed that the four isolates (Sin-1, Sin-2, Sin-3, and Sin-4) were clustered into serotype-2, FAdV-D species. The strains in this study are sharing 99.82%, 99.63%,99.60%, and 98.2% nucleotide identity with FADV-2 (species D) strains from Israel, Japan, Egypt, and Canada, respectively. This study provides epidemiological data that could be useful in the design of an appropriate prevention strategy.
Essam Eldin Mohamed Mohamed Khater, Mohamed Osman Azzazi, Rasha Magdy Mohamed Saeed, Aliaa Mohamed Saeed
Egyptian Journal of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Volume 8, pp 35-43; https://doi.org/10.21608/ejhbmt.2022.213227

Abstract:
Background: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) continues to compromise the overall success of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Although rates and severity of acute GVHD have decreased with improvements in donor selection criteria, pharmacologic prophylaxes, and supportive care, rates of chronic GVHD have remained remarkably stable at 35% to 50% for many years. Objective: Aim of this study is the early identification of patients at increased risk of HSCT-related complications, with a focus on acute Graft versus Host Disease, according to IL6 level as a potential biomarker. Serum IL6, measured before conditioning and 7 days after allo-HSCT, to predict main transplant outcomes with PT-Cy. Patients and Methods: In This study we conducted on 40 patients with Hematological diseases from Ain Shams University hospital and Maadi Military hospital, BMT unit, (22 male, 18 female) with age range (18 - 44) years old (Table 1) who underwent Haplo allogeneic stem cell transplant, after obtaining a written informed consent from the patients. In our study 28 patients had Acute GVHD, 18 patients had grade 1 & 2 Acute GVHD 64.3% while, 10 patients had grade 3 & 4 Acute GVHD 35.7%. Results: Skin acute GVHD stage 3-4 patients had high Post-transplant and pre- transplant IL 6 level than patients developed stage 1-2 skin acute GVHD with Mean (345\\\\\\\\155) than (105\\\\\\\\84) with statistically significant difference P value (0.006, 0.006) respectively. Liver acute GVHD stage I-II patients in our study had high Post-transplant IL 6 level with Mean (243.75) with statistically significant difference P value (0.006). Liver acute GVHD stage I-II patients had Pre-transplant IL 6 level with Mean (113.13) with statistically insignificant difference P value (0.052). GIT acute GVHD stage 3-4 patients had high Post-transplant IL 6 level than patients developed stage 1-2 GIT acute GVHD with Mean (226.67) than (198.89) with statistically significant difference P value (0.003). GIT acute GVHD stage 3-4 in our study patients had low pre-transplant IL 6 level than patients developed stage 1-2 GIT acute GVHD with Mean (86.67) than (108.78) with statistically insignificant difference P value (0.624). IL 6 level was higher pre (117.33 ± 59.67) and post-transplant in post-transplant CMV reactivation cases (209.67 ± 162.34) with p value (0.005, 110 ng/L (P value 0.003).
Hussein Mohamed Ahmed, , Hossam F. Nassar
Egyptian Journal of Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.21608/ejchem.2022.109537.4993

Abstract:
Throughout the industrial activities, water consumption is increased, resulting in large amounts of wastewater that must be treated before being discharged into the water streams. Coagulation/flocculation and sedimentation processes are considered as one of the most used chemical treatment methods for removing the majority of water contaminants. Cationic dye of methylene blue (MB) and anionic dye of methyl orange (MO) are common hazardous organic wastewater contaminants that mostly degraded by different chemical coagulants processes. Chemical coagulants act as an auxiliary agent in the coagulation/flocculation-sedimentation process. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of combined chemical coagulants of FeCl3/lime in the degradation of cationic and anionic dyes. In this work, kinetics, effect of adsorption parameters such as pH, initial concentration of dyes and the chemicals coagulants doses was studied. At an optimum coagulant dosage of (200/70) mg/L and (70/100) mg/L, and optimum pH ranged from (6.0 - 8.0) for MO and MB, repectively . The achieved removal values for both anionic and cationic dyes using the combined coagulant (FeCl3/lime) were 97.78% and 95.54% for MO and MB, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of FeCl3/ lime was calculated from the isotherm at 500 mg/g. This technique was successfully conducted for the treatment of tannery and laundry wastewaters for improving the quality of pollution parameters and investigating the efficiency of the applied treatment technique. The achieved removal efficiencies for tannery and laundary wastewater ranged from 93.9 to 94.4 % for COD, 92.9 to 92.5% for BOD5 , 93.7 to 92.8% for TSS, and 96.7 to 99.2% for turbidity, respectively.
ریهام أحمد فاضل عبد العزیز
المجلة العلمیة للتربیة البدنیة وعلوم الریاضة. جامعة حلوان; https://doi.org/10.21608/jsbsh.2022.112710.1978

Abstract:
أستهدف البحث التعرف علي تأثير استـخدام التعلم المقلوب المدعم بالوسائط الفائقة على مستوى أداء مهارات النجمة الأولى في السباحة التوقيعية ، وأستخدمت الباحثة المنهج التجريبى على عينة قوامها (40) طالبة بالفرقة الرابعة بکلية التربية الرياضية بنات – جامعة الزقازيق، وتم تقسيمهن إلى مجموعتين إحداهما تجريبية والأخرى ضابطة قوام کل منهما (20) طالبة ، ومن أدوات البحث : إختبارات بدنية - إختبار الذکاء العالى – تقييم مستوى أداء مهارات النجمة الأولى في السباحة التوقيعية – البرنامج التعليمى باستخدام التعلم المقلوب المدعم بالوسائط الفائقة. ومن أهم الأساليب الإحصائية : المتوسط الحسابي - الإنحراف المعياري - الوسيط - معامل الإلتواء - معامل الإرتباط – إختبار" ت " - نسبة التحسن%.ومن أهم النتائج :1- يؤثر التعلم المقلوب المدعم بالوسائط الفائقة تأثيراً إيجابياً دال إحصائياً عند مستوى (0.05) علي مستوى أداء مهارات النجمة الأولى فى السباحة التوقيعية لطالبات الفرقة الرابعة بکلية التربية الرياضية بنات – جامعة الزقازيق. 2- يؤثر أسلوب التعلم بالأمر تأثيراً إيجابياً دال إحصائياً عند مستوى (0.05) علي مستوى أداء مهارات النجمة الأولى فى السباحة...
مصطفی محمود أحمد محمد
مجلة البحوث فی مجالات التربیة النوعیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/jedu.2022.112714.1560

Abstract:
هدف البحث الحالي إلى التعرف على مدي تعرض طلاب الجامعة للعروض المسرحية بموقع اليوتيوب وعلاقتها بتنمية بعض السمات الشخصية لديهم، واستخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي، وتمثلت أدوات الدراسة في استبانه، وتضم ثلاثة محاور الأول لقياس کثافة استخدام موقع اليوتبوب، والمحور الثاني لقياس کثافة التعرض للعروض المسرحية بموقع اليوتيوب، والمحور الثالث لقياس درجة الاستفادة، وطبقت الأدوات على عينة قوامها (344) مبحوث من طلاب قسم الإعلام التربوي_کلية التربية النوعية_ جامعة أسوان، وتوصل البحث لعدة نتائج من أبرزها:•لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين کثافة استخدام أفراد عينة الدراسة لموقع اليوتيوب وفقًا للمُتغيرات الديموغرافية (النوع).•لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين مُشاهدة أفراد عينة الدراسة للعروض المسرحية المُقدمة بموقع اليوتيوب وفقًا للمُتغيرات الديموغرافية (النوع).•توجد علاقة ذات دلالة إحصائية بين کثافة استخدام عينة الدراسة لموقع اليوتيوب وأهمية ذلک الموقع بالنسبة لهم.•توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين درجة استفادة أفراد عينة الدراسة من تطبيق الأطروحات المقترحة للموضوعات المقدمة في بعض العروض المسرحية...
سمیة حامد لبیب
مجلة البحوث فی مجالات التربیة النوعیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/jedu.2022.109425.1542

Abstract:
ملخص البحث:يهدف هذا البحث الى امکانية توظيف فن الطباعة اليدوية عن طريق الاستفادة من أسلوب الرسم المباشر على الملابس الجينز للفتيات (جاکيت، بنطلون)و ذلک عن طريق رسم تصميمات زخرفية جديدة تناسب الفتيات من عمر (18-23)عاما لاثراء القيمه الجمالية لتلک القطع الملبسية و رغبه فى التجديد و تغيير شکلها و ازاله الشعور بالملل تجاه الملابس الجينز التى سبق استعمالها بدون أشکال زخرفية و خاصه أن الملابس الجينز لها أهميه کبيرة و مستحبه لدى الفتيات فى کل الأوقات ، و کذلک المساهمة فى انشاء مشاريع صغيرة قائمه على فن الرسم المباشر لاثراء القيمه الجمالية للملابس الجينز. اعتمد البحث على المنهج التجريبى والمنهج الوصفى التحليلى.اشتملت أدوات البحث على استبيان لتقييم التصميمات المنفذة من قبل المحکمين المتخصصين فى مجال الملابس و النسيج من أعضاء هيئة التدريس وعددهم13 محکم، و استبيان آخر للتقييم من قبل مجموعة من المستهلکات و هن الفتيات اللاتى يتراوح أعمارهن بين 18:23عاما و عددهن35 فتاه. جاءت نتائج البحث محققة لفروضه و تمثلت فى وجود فروق ذات دلالة احصائية على التصميمات المنفذة فى نجاح دور الرسم المباشر لزخرفة الملابس الجينز للفتيات و...
Moataz Elnemr, Mohamed Darwesh, Hager Elkhodary,
Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering; https://doi.org/10.21608/mjae.2022.111354.1059

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine and evaluate the dried garlic quality throughout color and chemical compounds changes that caused by using different designs of direct solar dehydrators. The parameters were source of ventilation, roof shape and type of covering material.The parameters that evaluated in this study were type of ventilation, various covering material and nature of dehydrator's roof. The measurements which considered in this study were solar radiation incident on the dehydrator roof, solar radiation inside dehydrator, outside air temperature, inside air temperature, outside relative humidity, inside relative humidity, some color indicators such as whitening index (WI) and browning index (BI) and also, some chemical tests such as antioxidants and optical index. The results showed that the highest value of whitening index (WI) was 42.52 and 49.71 before and after storage and the lowest value of browning index (BI) was 94.49 and 76.87 before and after storage in dehydrator that covered with a thin white polyethylene cover and constructed shape as a gabled-even-span roof with forced-air convection type (WSA).In addition, maximum color change (ΔE) was 64.05 detected at dehydrator that covered with a thin blue polyethylene and constructed as a flat roof cover with forced-air convection type (BFA)while the minimum was 35.21 at dehydrator (WSA).The study recommended using the thin white polyethylene cover and constructed shape as a gabled-even-span roof with forced-air convection type (WSA)to obtain the best quality of dried garlic.
Egyptian Journal of Histology; https://doi.org/10.21608/ejh.2022.112840.1620

Abstract:
Background: Acrylamide is considered as industrial product that is worldwide used . It is identified in humans as a neurotoxic agent .Aim of the work: Elucidate the influence of acrylamide on postnatal development of the midbrain red nucleus following maternal administration during pregnancy and lactating periods and the possible protective role of lithium chloride . Materials and Methods: Thirty pregnant rats were divided into three groups ; Group I: Received distilled water orally daily from the 7th day of pregnancy until day 28 after delivery. Group II & III: Acrylamide ( 10 mg/kg/day ) was given orally to the rats from the 7th day of pregnancy until day 28 after delivery. Group III: Daily intraperitoneal injections of lithium chloride (85 mg/kg) was given concomitantly with acrylamide. The red nuclei specimens of the male pups at the following ages ; neonate ,7days ,21 days and 3 months of the three groups were taken and processed for further histological and Immunohistochemically techniques .Results: The red nuclei of control rats at different age groups appeared as bilateral ovoid circumscribed collections of neurons on either side of the midline . It had two parts ; magnocellular and parvocellular . The acrylamide treated rats showed disturbed architecture of the red nuclei with darkly stained neurons . Immunohistochemically staining for GFAP showed increase in the number and size of GFAP-positive cells in the treated rats . Morphometric study showed that the mean number of the neurons in the treated group exhibited significant difference when compared with control group . Concomitant treatment with lithium chloride showed less obvious signs of degeneration in comparison with the acrylamide treated group. Conclusion: Lithium chloride could be effective as a neuroprotective agent against acrylamide induced degenerative changes during the postnatal development of the midbrain red nucleus.
Mohamed Yousef Ahmed, Ahmed Mohamed Safy, Wael Nabil Abdel-Slam, Hamdy Mohammed Hussein
SVU-International Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 280-288; https://doi.org/10.21608/svuijm.2022.114993.1263

Abstract:
Background: The rising global incidence and prevalence of type II diabetes (T2DM) has paralleled the rise in obesity. Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective treatment for obesity compared to maximal medical and lifestyle management. Objectives: This work aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of LSG (group 1), (LRYGB) (group 2) and (MGB) (group 3) for T2DM obese patients. Patients and Methods: A randomized prospective clinical study for 225 patients with morbid obesity (BMI 35 kg/m2 or more with T2DM) treated by laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG),laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass(LRYGB) and mini gastric bypass (MGB),(75 patients in each group) conducted in Qena and Alexandria university hospitals from March 2019 to September 2020.The primary outcome was complete remission of type 2 diabetes with hyperglycemia control, (HbA1c <6 %). The secondary outcome was weight loss is by calculating the percentage of excess weight loss (% EWL) Results: There was statistically significant difference between the three studied groups regarding time of surgery (96.5 ± 17.6, 107.3 ± 19.4, and 106.6 ± 15.8 among group 1, 2, and 3respectively; P-value < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the three studied groups regarding hospital staying duration and postoperative complication. There was no statistically significant difference between the three studied groups regarding HbA1C post-operative. Conclusion: Metabolic surgery has emerged as the single most effective treatment option for T2DM and obesity. There is a potential superiority of the LRYGB and MGB over the LSG in obtaining diabetes remission.
Dalia Saber Osman, Salma El-Sayed Hassan, Kadiga Mohammed Said, Seham Mohammed Abd El-Aziz
Journal of Nursing Science Benha University, Volume 3, pp 165-177; https://doi.org/10.21608/jnsbu.2022.213184

Abstract:
Background: Blinding trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. Aim of this study: Wastoassess mothers' knowledge and reported practices regarding care of their children suffering from blinding trachoma. Research design: A descriptive design was utilized to conduct this study. Setting: This study was conducted at outpatient clinic at the Benha Ophthalmic Hospital. Sample: A purposive sample of 55 mothers who accompanied their children who diagnosed with blinding trachoma and aged 1day-9 years. Tools of data collection: Two tools were used to conduct this study.Tool I: Structured questionnaire schedule to assess mothers' knowledge regarding blinding trachoma. Tool II: Reported practice questionnaire to assess mothers' reoprted practice regarding care of their children suffering from blinding trachoma. Results: The majority of the studied mothers had unsatisfactory knowledge about blinding trachoma, while less than two thirds of them had inadequate reported practices toward caring for their children with blinding trachoma. Conclusion: There was a positive correlation between total knowledge and reported practices of mothers' towards caring of their children with blinding trachoma. Recommendations: Provision of educational programs on regular basis is suggested to the mothers caring of their children with blinding trachoma.
Mona Salah Mohammed Fathy, Emad Elsaid Elbeltagi, Asser Elsheikh
MEJ. Mansoura Engineering Journal, Volume 46, pp 31-42; https://doi.org/10.21608/bfemu.2022.213112

Abstract:
Site layout is the front-end planning for construction sites, aiming for a safe and productive work environment. The layout planning is a complex optimization problem which involves identifying, sizing, and positioning temporary facilities within the construction site boundaries. The main concern in layout planning is the optimization process, in which designer searches among multiple solutions of locating site facilities and choose the best one. The layout optimization problem has been solved using Mathematical and Heuristic methods. This paper studies the applicability of using Visual Programming, Generative Design as the optimization technique, to search for the optimum site layout. As well as, the paper presents an initial development in site layout planning to serve as a foundation that could be enhanced through more future detailed research. In general, the study describes how to model the site and facilities by forming a simulation model applies the parametric visual programming concept through Dynamo-Revit software. Also, it describes the modeling of different geometric and safety constraints between temporary facilities. Then, discussing how the optimization process takes place through the generative design engine. To validate this new optimization technique and the performance of the developed model, a case study from literature is presented and the results are compared
یاسمین عادل عبد المنعم ورد
مجلة العمارة والفنون والعلوم الإنسانیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/mjaf.2022.109664.2583

Abstract:
تنطوي نُهج المُحاکاة الحيوية (البيوميمتکس) على إيجاد حلول للمُشکلات التصميمية من خلال مُحاکاة وظائف و/أو عمليات الأنظمة البيولوچية عبر تطبيق إستراتيچية النقل التناظري من النُظم البيئية إلي التکنولوچيا على النحو الذي يتصدى لتحديات التصميم المعماري والداخلي بشکل أکثر إستدامة، وذلک لکونها إيدلوچية تفکير إبداعية مُستدامة تُنتج المزيد من الحلول المُلهمة الأکثر تصالحية وتجديد للنُظم الإيکولوچية ... تفترض الدراسة أن مُحاکاة عمليات ووظائف الأنظمة البيئية تُعزز الکفاءة الهيکلية للمبنى وتُحث على تخليق مواد مُبتکرة، فضلاً عن توفير تقنيات أکثر إستدامة في إدارة النفايات والمياة إلي جانب ترشيد إستهلاک الطاقة بإتباع آليات توفر الراحة الحرارية، وذلک بالتزامن مع تعظيم مبدأ توليد الطاقة من مصادر مُتجددة ... وللتحقق من قُدرة المُحاکاة الحيوية کإيدلوچية تناظرية على رفع کفاءة أداء المبنى التشغيلي من منظور الکفاءة الهيکلية وترشيد إستهلاک الطاقة، تضمنت تلک الدراسة إختبار مدى کفاءة تطبيق تلک المنهجية الفکرية المُستندة على النقل التناظري لوظائف وعمليات الأنظمة البيولوچية فى إکساب البيئة المبنية خواص...
ایمان على على الخولی
مجلة بحوث کلیة الآداب . جامعة المنوفیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/sjam.2022.114034.1418

Abstract:
الملخص: هدفت الدراسة إلى التعرف على السمات الثقافية والاجتماعية، ومسببات التغير اللغوي بمحافظة بني سويف من خلال دراسة لغة الشباب المعاصر والفجوة الجيلية، واللغة المعاصرة والمقاومة الثقافية المضادة للسلطة، والنوع الإجتماعى ولغة الحياة اليومية، وتمثيلات العيب، ولتحقيق أهداف البحث تم الاعتماد على المنهج الأنثروبولوجى وتحليل المضمون. وقد خلص البحث إلى عدة نتائج أهمها: وجود تباين في استخدام الألفاظ في کلا النوعين تبعا لمکان ومحل إقامتهم سواء بالريف أو الحضر، ووجود انخفاض في استخدام الألفاظ المعاصرة لحاملي الماجستير والدکتوراه، کما تبين أن التغير اللغوي راجع إلى مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي وأغاني المهرجانات الصادرة حديثاً، والسينما والتليفزيون، والأصدقاء، کما يظهر التمرد على السلطة السياسية بشکل واضح بين أفراد حالات الدراسة التي تنتمي إلى الطبقة الفقيرة، وتأثر الأباء بهذه اللغة المعاصرة التي يرددها الشباب، فضلا عن حدوث تحولات ثقافية ولغوية في المفردات الخاصة بالجمال، وانتشار مفردات لغوية ذات الدلالات الجنسية بين الشباب من الجنسين.الکلمات المفتاحية: ثقافة الشباب، المقاومة...
, Ragab M. Hefny, Reyad I. Radwan, Eman I. ElSarag
Sinai Journal of Applied Sciences; https://doi.org/10.21608/sinjas.2022.109028.1074

Abstract:
Tomato considered one of the most important cash crops of vegetables not in Egypt only but in north Sinai governorate. It takes pioneer and priority of tomato production under plastic tunnels where the cultivated was 1.91 thousand acres 19.1 thousand ton with cash value of L.E. 57.3 million during 2019 season. This study aimed to recognize The Economic and productive efficiency for tomato producer under plastic tunnels in north Sinai. It depended on descriptive and quantitative analysis for studied variables. The author used stratified and randomized samples of 120 producer for tomato under plastic tunnels. Results showed that the mean of production was 17.5 ton and production function showed that there was positive strong relationship statistically between tomato yield and organic and chemical fertilization, beside the Labor. Finally, this strong static correlation was found between tomato yield and fungal and inset pesticides. The general mean of investment L.E. return was 54.8% during 2020 season. Also, the granol mean of economic efficiency was 0.71, this indicated that L.E. cost for production even fixed or variable cost gave additive value of L.E. 0.71. This research concluded that: First group owner (less than one feddan) gave the highest rates of economic efficiency as compared to the other groups, where the last owner group gave the lowest value.
, Merry Beniamen Shenouda
Egyptian Journal of Histology; https://doi.org/10.21608/ejh.2022.102176.1578

Abstract:
Background: As a plant growth hormone, Gibberellic acid (GA3) is broadly used in agriculture. However, it is reported to be toxic to the human body organs especially the lung. There is an increasing interest in N-acetylcysteine due to its worthy antioxidative effect. Aim of the Work: The present study was performed to explore the possible protective role of N-acetylcysteine against the structural and morphometrical lung changes resulting due to GA3 administration of the adult male albino rat.Material and Methods: Thirty adult male albino rats (200-250gm) were used. They were divided into three equal groups;10 rats each. Control group: received distilled water by oral gavage for 14 days. The GA3-treated group: received an oral daily dose of 55 mg GA3/ Kg b.w. for 14 days. The GA3/NAC-treated group: received 200 mg N-acetylcysteine /kg b.w. once daily for 1 week, then received GA3 and N-acetylcysteine for 14 days at the same previous doses. At the end of the experiment, the lungs of all groups were dissected out and processed for light and electron microscopic examination and morphometric analysis. Results: The lung specimens of the GA3-treated group revealed inflammatory cells infiltration, congested blood vessels, nuclear chromatin condensation and loss of lamellar bodies of type-II pneumocytes, macrophages with dense endocytotic vesicles and a significant increase in collagen fibres area % and interalveolar septum thickness as compared with the control group. The GA3/NAC group exhibited an obvious improvement of these findings.Conclusion: N-acetylcysteine can improve the histological and morphometrical changes induced by GA3 in the lung.
د/ أیمن خیرى السایح
مجلة علوم الریاضة; https://doi.org/10.21608/ssj.2022.112102.1175

Abstract:
يهدف البحث إلى التعرف علي دور التصور العقلى فى تحسين المهارات العقلية ومعدلات السرعة لسباحى 100 م فراشة، واستخدم الباحث المنهج التجريبي باستخدام القياس القبلي والبعدي لمجموعتين أحداهما تجريبية تستخدم (البرنامج التقلدى + التصور العقلى)، والأخرى ضابطة تستخدم (البرنامج التقليدي) فقط، ويمثل مجتمع البحث سباحى الفراشة بنادى أوليمبيا سبورت- مدينة دمياط الجديدة- محافظة دمياط، والمسجلين بالإتحاد المصرى للسباحة الموسم التدريبى (2021- 2022م) في المراحل العمرية (13-15) سنة، وعددهم (33) سباح، وتم اختيار عينة البحث وعددهم (30) سباح مقسمين کالتالى (10) المجموعة التجريبية، و(10) المجموعة الضابطة، و(10) المجموعة الاستطلاعية، ولجمـع البيـانات والمعلومات وتحـديـد متغيرات الدراسة استخدم الباحث إختبارات (القدرة على الإسترخاء، التصور العقلى، ترکيز الإنتباه) لقياس المهارات العقلية، بينما لقياس معدلات السرعة (طول الدورة، زمن الدورة، عدد الدورات، معدل الدورات، السرعة،الزمن) لکل 50م على حدى بالإضافة إلى زمن سباحة 100 م فراشة، وکانت أهم النتائج أن التصور العقلى له دور کبير فى تحسين المهارات العقلية ومعدلات السرعة لسباحى 100 م فراشة، ويوصي الباحث...
رحمة الشرقاوي
مجلة الاقتصاد المنزلي.جامعة المنوفية; https://doi.org/10.21608/mkas.2022.109650.1095

Abstract:
تعد السمنة من الامراض المزمنة والمعقدة حيث تزيد الدهون غير الطبيعية في الجسم والتي تضعف الصحة وتؤدى الى حدوث مضاعفات طبية طويلة الأمد کما تقلل من العمر الافتراضي. الهدف من الدراسة: تهدف الدراسة الحالية إلى استکشاف التأثير المضاد للسمنة لبعض الخلطات العشبية (اليانسون والشمر والنعناع والحبة السوداء) على الفئران المصابة بالسمنة . التصميم التجريبي: تم تقسيم ثلاثين ذکور جرذان من سلالة سبراج-داولي إلى مجموعتان رئيسيتان، تم تغذية المجموعة الأولى (6 فئران) کمجموعة ضابطة طبيعية على نظام غذائي أساسي (BD) ، المجموعة الرئيسية الثانية (26 فأرً) تم تغذيتها على حمية غنية بالدهون ثم تصنيفها إلى أربع مجموعات فرعية متساوية على النحو التالي: المجموعة (2) ، کمجموعة ضابطة موجبة والتى تغذت على BD ، والمجموعات (3-5) تغذي على BD لتى تحتوى على 2.5 و 5.0 و 7.5٪ (وزن / وزن) من الخلطات العشبية المختبرة (يانسون ، شمر ، نعناع وحبة سوداء) لمدة 28 يومًا ، على التوالي. النتائج: أحدثت السمنة العديد من الاضطرابات الجسمية والتى تشمل زيادة فى الوزن، والمتناول من الغذاء، ونسبة کفاءة الغذاء ووزن الأعضاء (الکبد والکلى والطحال). کما تأثرت وظائف الکبد والکلى ونسبة الدهون في...
Ali Rezk El Khateeb, Mona Hassan Abdelal, Naglaa Fathi El-Attar
Journal of Nursing Science Benha University, Volume 3, pp 148-164; https://doi.org/10.21608/jnsbu.2022.213183

Abstract:
Background: Cyber bullying is the new power equation attached to bullying issue. In the meantime, digital technology has changed the way adolescents communicate and learn. It affects their behavior and attitude. Aim of the study: Was to assess students' level of awareness about psychosocial problems associated with cyber bullying. Research design: A descriptive exploratory design was used in this study. Setting: The study was conducted in two faculties at Benha University (Nursing and Education). Subjects: A sample of 400 students, 200 from each faculty were chosen by a purposive sample. Tools: Three tools were used for data collection. Tool (1): Structured interview questionnaire was used to collect data about students and family characteristics. Tool (2): Cyber bullying questionnaire was used to assess level of awareness of students about cyber bullying. Tool (3): Psychosocial problems questionnaire was used to assess awareness of students about psychosocial problems associated with cyber bullying. Results: Majorityof nursing students had unsatisfactory knowledge about cyber bullying, while more than three quarter had unsatisfactory knowledge about cyber bullying for education students.Three quarters of nursing students have severe psychological effect of cyber bullying meanwhile, less than two thirds of education students have severe psychological effect of cyber bullying. Conclusion: There was lack of awareness of students about psychosocial problems associated with cyber bullying. Recommendations: Psycho-educational training program to improve awareness of students about cyber bullying causes, effects and how to prevent should be conducted.
کنزى الحلوجى
مجلة العمارة والفنون والعلوم الإنسانیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/mjaf.2022.111940.2593

Abstract:
الملخصتعد المعرفة، والقدرة على الخلق والإبداع، والابتکار هي من أهم الموضوعات التي تتعلق بتطوير التعليم بشکل عام، لذا فإنه يتم مناقشتها بشکل دائم عند العمل على وضع وتطوير البرامج التعليمية في المجالات المختلفة. والتعليم المعماري بشکل خاص يشکل مجالاً فکرياً للدراسة والتجريب، والتطبيق، فنجاح العملية التعليمة في مجال التصميم المعماري يعتمد في الأساس على مدى فضول المتعلم، والوعى والطاقة المبذولة من خلاله، (يورکلي ، 2007). لذلک فإن الدراسة البحثية سوف تتناول في جزئها النظري أهمية استکشاف الجوانب الإبداعية لدى الطلاب داخل استوديو التصميم المعماري والذى يخلص إلى اقتراح منهجية تعکس مجموعة من المراحل والوسائل التي يمکن أن تتطلبها العملية التعليمية لمادة التصميم المعماري لتحقيق تلک الأهداف، والتي يراها الباحث هامة وضرورية لخلق بيئة مناسبة لدعم قدرة الطالب على التفکير والإبداع. کما يبرز البحث أيضاً أهمية ودور استخدام التکوين المعماري ثلاثي الأبعاد، وکذلک أساليب التعلم التفاعلية في المراحل التعليمية المختلفة داخل استوديو التصميم المعماري، ومردود ذلک على استکشاف قدرات الطلاب الإبداعية...
محمد فتحی نصار
مجلة علوم الریاضة; https://doi.org/10.21608/ssj.2022.113617.1182

Abstract:
"أثر استخدام بعض وسائل استعادة الشفاء اثناء فترات الراحة البينية على تحمل الأداء وبعض المتغيرات الفسيولوجية لدي لاعبات المصارعة النسائية" يهدف البحث الي تصميم برنامج تدريبي استشفائي مکمل خلال فترات الراحة البينية أثناء وبعد الوحدات التدريبية للاعبات المصارعة النسائية وذلک باستخدام وسائل متعددة للاستشفاء مثل (التدليک والدش البارد والدافئ وتدريبات التنفس وتدريبات الاسترخاء) والتعرف على تأثير هذا البرنامج المقترح على تحمل الأداء وبعد المتغيرات الوظيفية. وطبق البحث على عينة مکونة من (16 لاعبة) من منطقة المنوفية للمصارعة تحت 17 سنة تم اختيارهم بالطريقة العمدية وتم تقسيمهم بطريقة عشوائية الي مجموعتين أحدهما تجريبية (8 لاعبات) والأخرى (ضابطة (8 لاعبات) ولقد استخدم الباحث المنهج التجريبي لملائمته لطبيعة البحث.وکانت اهم النتائج: - - البرنامج التدريبي الاستشفائي المقترح له تأثير إيجابي وفعال على تحمل أداء للاعبات المصارعة النسائية.- البرنامج التدريبي الاستشفائي المقترح له تأثير إيجابي وفعال على بعض المتغيرات الفسيولوجية ( معدل النبض – زمن العودة لنبض 120 بعد اقصي مجهود – vo2max - الکفاءة الوظيفية للرئتين – مستوي...
Amira Amin, , Samir Ahmad Ali, Salah M. Kamal
Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering; https://doi.org/10.21608/mjae.2022.112353.1061

Abstract:
Aquaponics is the combined culture of fish and plants in recirculating aquaculture systems, considered to be an innovative, eco-friendly and sustainable technology. So, the main aim of this work is to study the effect of flow rate and culture system on nutrients consumption rate and lettuce productivity in hydroponic and aquaponic systems. To achieve that, two nutrients sources (effluent fish farm and stock nutrient solution), three systems of hydroponics (deep water, A shape and gutter systems) and three flow rates are 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 L h-1 per plant were compared. Also, water use efficiency of lettuce plants was determined. The various water quality parameters and plant growth were studied for treatment under study. The obtained results indicated that the highest values of N, P, k, Ca and mg consumption rate were found with gutter hydroponic system and 1.5 L h-1 plant-1 of flow rate for lettuce plants grown in nutrient solution. The fresh weight of whole plant for lettuce plants grown in gutter hydroponic system was better than those grown in different culture system. The highest value of the water use efficiency of lettuce plants was 46.11 kg m-3 was found with nutrient solution for gutter hydroponic system
, Abd El-Aleem Desoky, Hany Fouad, Nourhan Amin
Acarines: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Acarology; https://doi.org/10.21608/ajesa.2022.108451.1020

Abstract:
Fig trees (Ficus carica L.) represent one of the most economic fruit crops in Egypt, study was carried out on mite species inhabiting fig trees in Sohag governorate during the period from November 2019 to November 2021. Occurrence of mite species inhabiting leaves, debris, and Soil of two varieties of figs (Sultani and Conadria), The results revealed the occurrence of 52 mite species. Ten phytophagous mites belonging to nine genera, representing five families were recorded on fig trees, These families were Diptilomiopidae, Eriophyidae, Tarsonemidae, Tenuipalpidae, and Tetranychidae . 31 species predaceous mites belonging to 25 genera, representing 13 families, and mites of miscellaneous feeding habits represented by11 species belonging to 10 genera and 8 families.population dynamic of some mite species inhabiting two fig varieties as: Tetranycus urticae Koch, Euseius scutalis (Athias-Henriot), Tydeus oregonensis Baker, Agistemus exsertus Gonzalez, and Aceria ficus (Cotté) for two years from November 2019 to November 2021 in Shandweel, Sohag governorate. T. urticae has two peaks in mid-July and early October on Sultani and conadria cultivars during the two successive seasons. The fig bud mite, A. ficus was recorded with high number in June on Conadria fig variety. Sultani, While E. scutalis (A.-H.) was found in moderate numbers on two varieties of figs. T. oregonensis was found in moderate numbers in Sultani fig variety. Few numbers individuals were found in Coundria from A. exsertus and A. ficus, The population dynamic of these mites was studied with the relation of abiotic factor with this mite.
Waleed Darwish, Mohamed Ahmed El-Howeity, Ali Abdel Samie Atia
Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering; https://doi.org/10.21608/mjae.2022.111140.1058

Abstract:
An experimental field trial was conducted at Wadi El Natrun Beheira Province, Egypt (latitude of 30.42 ˚ N and longitude of 30˚.33E) during two successive growing seasons of 2019 and 2020. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of irrigation systems and different rates of mineral and bio-fertilizers on the yield and water use efficiency of potatoes. The field trial was arranged in a split-plot design with two irrigation systems (drip; I1) and micro-sprinkler (I2), three rates of mineral fertilizer (100, 75, and 50% of MF) alone or plus biofertilizer (BF) where BF consisted of (Azoasperilum +Bacillus megaterium) and two potato cultivars (Bellini C1 and Arizona C2). The results showed significant differences for growth and yield characteristics of the interaction between I1 ,100% MF or (100 MF+ BF) and C1 or C2 cultivars) for leaf area - productivity – and grading (Y4), as well as the content of leaves from nitrogen and phosphorous during the two growing seasons. There were significant differences for the interaction I2 + C1 + 50% MF in the grading trait (Y3) only. The interaction (I1 or I2 + C1 or C2 + 75% MF) was equal in achieving the highest significant results for the grading (Y5). It is recommended that the I1 + C1 or C2 + 100% MF+BF treatment is the optimum one for potato grown under field conditions, as the drip irrigation system provided the amount of water and a significant increase in most growth characteristics of potatoes compared to micro-sprinkler irrigation.
, Mouayed Yousif Khadium, Adnan Sultan AbdulNabi
Egyptian Journal of Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.21608/ejchem.2022.100016.4652

Abstract:
New two azo compounds were synthesised from a coupling reaction of 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy anisol with 4-amino acetophenone or 4-aminobenzosulfonic acid to produce (E)-1-(4-((3-(tert-butyl)-2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)diazenyl)phenyl)ethan-1-one (1), and sodium (E)-4-((3-(tert-butyl)-2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)diazenyl)benzenesulfonate (2) . These compounds were characterized using FT-IR, 1HNMR, and mass spectroscopy. Compounds 1 and 2, were tested as inhibitors toward corrosion phenomenon of carbon steel in 1 M HCl solution based on potentiodynamic polarisation techniques and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Show results that using high concentrations of compounds enhanced inhibitory efficiency(IE) which was reduced when the temperature was increased. Tafel polarization curves showed that corrosion rate was decreased with an increasing concentration of compounds. The values of an inhibitory efficiency (IE) were calculated by using several techniques and found that the order of IE of the inhibitors synthesized was inhibitor 2 high than inhibitor 1.
Basmaa Abogaball, Adel Bahnasawy,
Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering; https://doi.org/10.21608/mjae.2022.111826.1060

Abstract:
The shelf life and quality of chicken fillets meat were examined when the meat was packed in edible films reinforced with nano-particle materials. The films are Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) reinforced with silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) and Titanium oxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs). Antimicrobial activity, weight loss and total protein and lipids were determined during storage. The results obtained the HPMC reinforced with nanoparticles produced a reduction of food-borne pathogens populations nearly 1.6:2.2 log10 CFU cm-2 during the challenge study. HMPC reinforced with TiO2NPs reduced microbial growth of S. Typhimurium, E. coli, S. aureus and B. cereus nearly 1.7, 1.9, 1.9, and 1.7 log10 CFU cm-2, respectively. HMPC reinforced with Ag-NPs reduced microbial growth of S. Typhimurium, E. coli, S. aureus and B. cereus nearly 1.7, 1.6, 1.9, and 2.2 CFU cm-2, respectively. The application of the coating with edible films considerably delayed the growth of microorganisms, increasing the product shelf life (7 days) compared to the control samples (2 days). Accumulated weight loss ranged from 12±0.4 to 30±0.5% for all treatment under study. The total of protein and lipids of all treatments decreased during storage.
Fahema S.E. Mustafa, Ragab M. Hefny, Reyad I. Radwan, Marwan M. Hassan
Sinai Journal of Applied Sciences; https://doi.org/10.21608/sinjas.2022.109021.1073

Abstract:
The issues of developing, preserving and maximizing the use of water resources are the most important challenges facing the Arab Republic of Egypt at the present time due to their direct impact on the present, future, and political, economic and social security of our nation. Therefore, it was necessary to try to achieve the optimal use of available water resources and use the efficient use that achieves the maximum return. Of the water unit at the level of the Republic, including North Sinai Governorate, where it is clear that despite the vast areas of arable land in North Sinai governorate, which amount to about 2.7 million feddans, these lands are not exploited, due to the scarcity of water resources, as the cultivated area of them reached about 140 One thousand feddans depend for its cultivation on rain, torrential and groundwater. Therefore, the study aims to identify the current situation of the available water resources at the level of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the level of North Sinai Governorate, to study the current situation of the resources and determinants of the crop composition within the North Sinai Governorate, and to study the productive planning of plant crops in light of the limited water resources using the method of linear programming within the governorate North Sinai.
Hazem H. Ahmed, Mahmoud I Alrashidy, Osama A. M. Ali, Ahmed H. Abdellah
SVU-International Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 273-279; https://doi.org/10.21608/svuijm.2022.113449.1259

Abstract:
Background: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is currently thought to emerge from a complex interaction of genetic and environmental traits.PolycysticOvarySyndrome is the most common endocrinopathy among reproductive-aged women Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare between agonist hold antagonist protocol and antagonist protocol in ICSI for Infertile patients with PCOsas regard the number of oocytes retrieved, fertilization rate, implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate. Patients and methods: This was a prospective comparative study, which was conducted at Assisted Reproduction Unit at Qena University Hospital.This work had been conducted on infertile women with PCOS undergoing ICSI in ART unit in obstetrics and gynecology department, Qena University hospital from January 2019 to June 2020. Results: The number of implanted embryos was significantly higher in agonist hold antagonist protocol group compared to antagonist protocol group (p < 0.001).Also,clinical pregnancy was found to be significantly higher inagonist hold antagonist protocol group compared to antagonist protocol group (p=0.009). On the other hand, prevalence of OHSS was significantly higher in antagonist protocol group compared to agonist hold antagonist protocol group (p=0.023).There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding β-HCG (p>0.05). Conclusion: GnRH agonistholdantagonist may be a preferred protocol for PCOS patients treated with ICSI in view of the reduction of the risk of OHSS, the shorter stimulation time and better pregnancy outcome.
د. محمد إبراهیم الفیومی
مجلة بحوث کلیة الآداب . جامعة المنوفیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/sjam.2022.113495.1416

Abstract:
يأتي هذا البحث بعنوانه (اللغة العربية في الإعلام الجديد دراسة في ضوء التطور الدلالي من خلال النظريات الدلالية الحديثة (العوامل والآليات) عام 2020 أنموذجًا) کفرع بحثي ثانٍ ضمن ثلاثة أفرع بحثية لمجموعة بحثية عنوانها الرئيس: "اللغة العربية في الإعلام الجديد ــ دراسة في ضوء التطور الدلالي من خلال النظريات الدلالية الحديثة (العوامل – الآليات ـ الآثار) عام 2020 أنموذجًا"؛ تناول الاستشهاد بالنماذج من فيسبوک وتويتر ــــ من خلال مبحثين: التعريف بأهم منصات الإعلام الجديد؛ وکذلک عرض لأهم عوامل التطور الدلالي خلال الفترة الزمنية المدروسة، وعرض لآليات التطور الدلالي اللغوية من اشتقاق ومصاحبة وتعريب واقتراض، وآليات التطور الدلالي البلاغية التي تمثلت في الصور الشعرية وما تشمله من: التشبيه والاستعارة والمجاز و التجسيد (التجسيم) والتشخيص وتراسل الحواس والکناية والتورية والتضاد. وقد اعتمد البحث على المنهجين الوصفي والتحليلي، ونظريتي السياق والحقول الدلالية درسًا وتطبيقًا. وتمثلت أهم النتائج في أن أهم عامل للتطور الدلالي کمن في اجتياح فيروس کورونا للعالم وأثره على جميع المستويات السياسية والثقافية والصحية...
Suheir Seif Aldin, إيمان إبراهيم
المجلة المصرية لبحوث الاتصال الجماهيري; https://doi.org/10.21608/mebp.2022.50298.1001

Abstract:
المستخلصهدف البحث إلى رصد الدور الذي تلعبه حملات التوعية الصحية في مواجهة أهل الصعيد للأمراض والأوبئة (فيروس کورونا نموذجًا)، رصد سبل النهوض بالوعى الصحي في الصعيد المصري. اعتمد البحث على منهج المسح الإعلامي، واستخدم صحيفة الاستبيان کأداه لجمع البيانات الخاصة بالبحث، تکونت العينة من (360) مفردة من سکان محافظات صعيد مصر من الحضريين والريفيين، أوضحت النتائج أن حملات الوعى الصحي تساهم في رفع الوعي الصحي بين سکان صعيد مصر حول فيروس کورونا(کوفيد19)، أن الفيس بوک يأتي في مقدمة الوسائل الإعلامية التي يعتمدها أهل الصعيد کوسيلة إعلامية للوصول إلى المعلومات الصحية حول فيروس کورونا(کوفيد19)، حين يأتي التليفزيون في المرتبة الثانية، وجاءت کل من الصحف والراديو في المرتبة الثالثة متساوين، وأشارت النتائج لاهتمام أهل الصعيد بمتابعة الموضوعات الصحية خاصة خلال فترة أزمة فيروس کورونا المستجد، کما أکدت النتائج على الدور المحوري للحملات الإعلامية في رفع الوعي الصحي والوعي لسکان الصعيد بشکل عام والتي يمکن تبنيها کوسيلة لحل ومعالجة المشکلات التي تخص صعيد مصر.
عبدالله عجلان عبدالله الدوسري
Abstract:
عهد المشرع الکويتي لجهاز الشرطة بتحقيق الأمن العام والخاص للمجتمع ومن يعيش في کنفه من براثن الجريمة والمجرمين والعمل على صدهم ومنعهم من ارتکاب الجريمة ومکافحة ذلک، وضبطهم في حال وقوعها واتخاذ الإجراءات المتبعة بالتعاون مع السلطات الأخرى المعنية بهدف حماية النظام المجتمعي السائد وتحقيق ديمومته والذي بطبيعة الحال ينعکس على تأمين سلامة وأمن أفراده وأمانهم من تلک الجرائم.ويتم تنفيذ الواجبات المکلف بها جهاز الشرطة من خلال عناصره الأمنية من ضباط وضباط صف وأفراد ومعاونيهم، والذين يشهدون من خلال تنفيذهم للأعمال الأمنية الموکلة لهم وقوع العديد من الجرائم المشهودة من جنايات وجنح أمام أعينهم وتحت بصرهم، وهو الأمر الذي دفع للقيام بهذه الدراسة البحثية، فقد تم تقسيم الدراسة إلى ثلاثة مباحث، في المبحث الأول تم تناول تعريف الجريمة المشهودة وحالاتها، اما المبحث الثاني فيتناول شروط صحة الجريمة المشهودة، ويتناول المبحث الثالث صلاحيات رجال الشرطة في حال الجريمة المشهودة.وتوصل الباحث في نهاية البحث إلى مجموعة من النتائج والتوصيات، کانت أهم نتيجة بأن الجريمة المشهودة هي وصف على الجريمة ذاتها وليست...
Rania Ismail Fahim, Amal Abdel-Aziz Abdel-Slam, Rash Rady El Said
Journal of Nursing Science Benha University, Volume 3, pp 91-107; https://doi.org/10.21608/jnsbu.2022.212889

Abstract:
Background: Preventive strategies are more effective in preventing klebsiella infection which stands out as the main microorganism resulting in infection between neonates in neonatal intensive care unit. Aim of the study: Was to evaluate the effect of preventive strategies for nurses regarding klebsiella infection in neonatal intensive care unit. Design: A quasi-experimental research design was used to carry out the study. Setting: This study was carried out in Neonatal intensive care unit at Benha University Hospital. Sample: A convenience sample of (90) nurses & a purposive sample of (90) neonates. Tools of data collection: Tool (I): A structured interviewing questionnaire sheet. Tool (II): Nursing observational checklist which was adopted from. Tool (III): Nurses’ attitude rating scale regarding preventive strategies of klebsiella infection, and Tool (IV): Blood culture and C - reactive protein (CRP). Results: The majority of the studied nurses had good knowledge, competent practice and positive attitude about preventive strategies regarding klebsiella infection post-preventive strategies implementation compared with pre-preventive strategies implementation. Also, there was statistical significant difference among the studied neonates regarding klebsiella infection pre & post-preventive strategies implementation. Conclusion: Improved nurses' knowledge, practice and attitude regarding preventive strategies of klebsiella infection positively affected klebsiella infection rate among neonates. Recommendations: Emphasis on the importance of the preventive strategies regarding klebsiella infection for neonates of the study setting.
Esraa Hamdy Hassan, Manal Salah Hassan, Hanan Gaber Mohamed, Nehal Mahmoud Abo El-Fadl
Journal of Nursing Science Benha University, Volume 3, pp 135-147; https://doi.org/10.21608/jnsbu.2022.212892

Abstract:
Background: Traumatic Head Injury (THI) is a disruption in the normal function of the brain that caused by a blow or jolt to the head. The role of critical care nurses is a vital at the acute care by giving priority of the immediate assessment, stabilization of the airway and circulation and prevention of secondary injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an educational program on the nurses' performance and health outcomes forpatients with traumatic head injury. Study design: A quasi-experimental design was used. Settings: This study was conducted in the emergency unit and the emergency intensive care unit at Banha University Hospital. Subject: A convenient sample of (50) registered nurses caring for patients with THI and (50) patients with THI were included in the study. Tools: Three tools were used for data collection; I-self-administered questionnaire tool, II- the nurses’ practice observational checklist and III-patients' health outcomes assessment. Results: All of the nurses had unsatisfactory knowledge and practice regarding caring for patients with THI pre-program implementation which improved immediately post program implementation (30% and 24%), respectively. The mean of the studied patients regarding total trauma scale pre-program implementation was 16.89 ± 10.61 that improved immediately post program implementation 13.24 ± 12.08. Conclusion: There was a highly statistical significant improvement in the level of nurses’ performance and health outcomes for patients with THI after implementation of the educational program. Recommendations: The importance of continuous in-service training programs about THI for refreshing and updating the nurses’ knowledge and practice regarding THI.
Mohamed Farag, Hanaa M. Shabbara
Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences, H. Botany, Volume 13, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.21608/eajbsh.2022.213322

Abstract:
Funaria hygrometrica Hedwig (Bryophyta, Funariaceae), a cosmopolitan moss, sporulates in most of its habitats. Its ecological variation in different phytogeographic territories of Egypt was studied as a selected case study. Statistical tests and the maximum entropy algorithm were used to achieve this aim. Moderate temperature and low precipitation were favourable conditions for the newly collected F. hygrometrica samples. The results of MaxEnt showed that the temperature of the coldest months and period of drought were the most affecting variables on the distribution of the species. The obtained distribution model of F. hygrometrica was accurate and informative. It showed the expansion of presently studied sampling areas as well as a probability for the presence of mosses in Wadi El-Gemmal in the southeast of Egypt.
G.A. Alemu, H.M. Ali, A.A. Fole
SVU-International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume 4, pp 51-68; https://doi.org/10.21608/svuijas.2021.72221.1103

Abstract:
Knowledge of gene action enables breeders to design effective breeding strategies for the improvement of genotypes. Half diallel cross among limmu coffee (Coffea arabica L.) genotypes comprising 5 parents, 10F1 hybrids, and two checks carried out at agricultural research (Jimma, Agaro, and Gera centers) for the objective to determine nature of gene action and combining ability effects of diallel genotypes for yield and its components in 2017/18. Randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications used. Combined analysis of variance revealed significant (P<0.05) variation among 17 and 15 diallel genotypes for 24 traits indicating the presence of genetic variability for these traits. The mean square due to GCA and SCA was significant for 13 traits including yield, which implies both additive and non-additive gene actions involved for the expression of these traits. Additive gene action contributed a lot to nine traits including all fruit and bean traits than non-additive gene actions. However, non-additive gene action more contributed than additive gene action for 11 traits including yield (77.57%). GCA effect estimate showed the best general combiners were parent P4 (L55/01) for yield, P1 (L20/03) for all fruit and bean characters, and parent P2 (L67/01) for three growth, leaf, and fruit traits. Based on the SCA effect, the best crosses were P4×P5 followed P1×P5 and P2×P5 for yield, P2×P4, and P3×P4 for six and five different traits, respectively. These hybrids could be used in variety development after testing for other desirable traits.
Hend A. Hamed, H.A.O. Ali, A.A. Said, K.A.A. El-Sheikh
SVU-International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Volume 4, pp 37-50; https://doi.org/10.21608/svuijas.2022.95417.1141

Abstract:
To manage natural resources and achieve agricultural sustainability, effective production strategies are required. For a healthier crop and a cleaner environment, reducing or eliminating chemical use is also a desirable goal. The goal of this study was to see how soil polyethylene mulch affected tomato crop output and quality. The Experimental Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University, Egypt, was used for two consecutive early summer seasons production. Manual weeding was used as a positive control treatment to compare its effect with black plastic mulch and herbicide on the growth, yield, and quality of two tomato hybrids (G.S-12 and Fayrouz). Weed density and biomass and economic profitability levels were also investigated. The use of black plastic mulch greatly enhanced all of the measured characteristics in both seasons, according to the data. i.e., vegetative traits, vitamin C content, total soluble solids, and N, P, and K leaves’ concentrations. Data also revealed a superiority of G.S-12 hybrid over Fayrouz hybrid in most characters. Results showed a surprising effect for black plastic mulch treatment on smothering weed emergence compared with the conventional manual or chemical weed control treatments during the two seasons of considering. The hand-hoeing treatment proved to be the least viable weed control system among all treatments. This study recommends applying black plastic soil mulch in tomato production particularly in reclaimed soil conditions to reduce labor requirements and produce a higher, healthier output. In terms of gross margin and benefit-cost ratio (BCR) analyses, it also showed to be the optimum strategy
Esraa Ebrahim Abd-Rabo, Soad Abd-Elsalam Ramdan, Eman Mohamed Abd El-Hakam, Ola Abdel-Wahab Afifi
Journal of Nursing Science Benha University, Volume 3, pp 108-122; https://doi.org/10.21608/jnsbu.2022.212890

Abstract:
Vaginal yeast infection is a common condition that affects women during reproductive age. Aim of the study: Was to investigate the effectiveness of baking soda on vaginal yeast infection among adolescent nursing students. Design: Quasi- experimental design was used. Setting: This study conducted at Faculty of Nursing, Benha University. Sample: A Purposive sample was used to conduct the study, included 120 student who fulfill inclusion criteria. Tools: Three tools were used, (1): A self-administered questionnaire that includes: Socio-demographic data, menstrual history and risk factor of disease. (2): Student's knowledge questionnaire and (3): Clinical manifestation of vaginal yeast infection record: (vaginal, urinary and sexual symptoms). Results: There was a statistical significant regarding sexual symptom associated with vaginal yeast infection at pre and post application of baking soda, with p value≤ 0.05. Conclusion: There are improvements in all vaginal, urinary and sexual symptoms associated with vaginal yeast infection after application of baking soda Recommendation: Applying educational programs for adolescent females and their mothers to increase awareness about vaginal yeast infection
هيام عمير
مجلة العمارة والفنون والعلوم الإنسانیة; https://doi.org/10.21608/mjaf.2022.107629.2564

Abstract:
يقدم کود ال BIM المصري إرشادات وتوصيات لتنفيذ BIM في مشاريع البناء. تم تشکيله لتحسين عملية التصميم والبناء وتبادل المعلومات والاتصال بين أصحاب المصلحة في المشروع ، لکن مکاتب التصميم في مصر تواجه حاليًا صعوبات لأنها لا تواکب التطور الذي يحدث في مجال BIM على المستوى الدولي. في عالمنا ، لا شيء ثابت . کل شيء يتغير باستمرار. يجب علينا تکييف أساليب عملنا مع التطورات التکنولوجية في مجتمعات. البيم (نمذجة معلومات البناء) هي عملية تصميم نموذج رقمي ثلاثي الأبعاد ، تمتد إلى مرحلة البناء وتستمر في التطور لمرحلة إدارة المنشأة. بشکل دوري ، سيتعين على قطاعات البناء في مصر اعتماد هذه الطريقة المطبقة حاليًا في العديد من البلدان حول العالم ؛ لمواکبة المنهجيات الحديثة ، ولتوفير منتجات ذات مستوى عالمي. في هذا السياق ، من المتوقع أن تساعد طريقة العمل هذه جميع الأطراف على التحکم بشکل أفضل في المراحل المختلفة لدورة حياة مشاريع البناء. درس فريق البحث عدة حالات لتطبيقات BIM في بلدان مختلفة بما في ذلک ألمانيا وفرنسا ، واستخدموا أکوادهم القابلة للتطبيق کأمثلة ليتم تجربتها ومتابعتها جنبًا إلى جنب مع الکود المصري کمثال يحتذى في هذا السياق....
Samer Mohamed Tawfik, Mona Ahmed El Shikh, Eman Mohamed Abd El-Hakam, Ola Abdel-Wahab Afifi
Journal of Nursing Science Benha University, Volume 3, pp 123-134; https://doi.org/10.21608/jnsbu.2022.212891

Abstract:
Background: Worldwide, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is a common neonatal disorder. Aim: The study aimed to assess perception of mothers regarding their neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Research design: Descriptive study design was utilized to conduct the study. Setting: The study was conducted in Neonatal Follow-up Clinics and Immunization Clinics at Benha University Hospitals, Family Health Care Center and Central Hospital in Al-Shouhada City. Sample: A purposive sample was used to conduct the study, included (300) mothers who fulfill the inclusive criteria. Tools: There were four tools used in the study. Tool (I): Structured interviewing questionnaire that includes socio–demographic data and current obstetrics history. Tools(II): Assessment of mother's knowledge regarding neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Tools (III): Self_report practices regarding neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and tool (IV): Modified Likert Scale to assess attitude of mothers regarding neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Results: Less than three-quarters of the studied women had poor knowledge regarding neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, majority of mothers had unsatisfactory self-report practices and minority of them had satisfactory self-report practices. About two-thirds the studied women had negative attitude regarding neonatal hyperbilirubinemia . Conclusion: The studied women had poor knowledge and negative attitude regarding neonatal hyperbilrubinemia especially among primipara. Regarding self_report practices of mothers, majority of mothers had unsatisfactory self-report practices and minority of them had satisfactory self-report practices Recommendedations: Targeted public enlightenment and educational program should be done to improve the level of awareness regarding neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.
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