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Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1080/02773813.2021.1990957

Abstract:
Microwave and conventional heating have been combined to obtain highly microporous nitrogen-doped activated biocarbons. In order to generate nitrogen groups bonded in different ways into the carbonaceous matrix, the modification with urea was performed at two different stages of processing, i.e., precursor or char. Additionally, the effects of chemical and thermal (physical) activation on the physicochemical parameters and capacitance behavior of the biocarbons prepared were tested. All the materials under investigation were characterized by elementary analysis, surface area measurements as well as estimation of the number of surface functional groups. Depending on the variant of preparation, the final products were microporous nitrogen-doped activated biocarbons of well-developed surface area ranging from 314 to 1483 m2/g, showing acidic or intermediate acidic–basic character of the surface and different contents of nitrogen functional groups, varying from 0.8 to 8.6 wt.%. Finally, the electrode materials were manufactured using prepared biocarbons and tested as components of symmetric supercapacitors, containing organic electrolyte. The electrochemical performance of these materials was investigated in Swagelok® type cells by using CV, GCD and EIS techniques. The results obtained in this study showed that incorporation of nitrogen and chemical activation of sawdust can led to activated biocarbons with very good electrochemical parameters. Most promising materials have exhibited high specific capacitance values (ca. 50 − 100 F g−1), good rate capability, and excellent cycling stability (ca. 86–88% capacitance retention) after thousands of GCD cycles.
Mark Haugaard, Clarissa Hayward, , Isaac Ariail Reed
Published: 17 October 2021
Journal of Political Power pp 1-26; https://doi.org/10.1080/2158379x.2021.1991697

Abstract:
In this article, Haugaard, Hayward and Heaney discuss Reed’s Power in Modernity, and the author replies. The exchanges centres on the question of whether power relations should be theorized via Reed’s concepts of rector, actor, other, and project, and on the roles of performance agency in power’s exercise. The contributors discuss sseveral examples of political crises in modernity, including the storming of the U.S. Capitol on 6 January 2021.
, Luis Alejandro Macclesh del Pino-Pérez, Mireya Marmolejo, , Hernan Peraza-Vázquez
Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.1080/10826068.2021.1972425

Abstract:
Exploitation of the "ocotillo" tree (Fouquieria splendens Engelm) to produce ocotillol/ocotillone (o/o) in Northern Mexico hasn’t been explored to this date. In the present work, isolation of ocotillol/ocotillone was performed through a batch reactor, which allowed the elimination of alcohol and phenols present in the ocote plant, yielding only resins and waxes from the ocote trunks. The ocotillol/ocotillone was extracted from the remaining resin on the ocote logs by solvent extraction in a batch reactor, to be crystallized after its extraction using a rotary evaporator. FTIR, and NMR analysis exhibited the characteristic ginsenoside bands, while the UV-vis spectrum of ocotillol/ocotillone depicted an absorption band belonging to the O–H bonds, indicating that the group is anchored to the ginsenoside structure and not due to a water signal. Lastly, the thermogravimetric analysis described a common behavior among other ginsenosides. Production of ocotillo/ocotillone has an energy consumption of 3624 kWh/gr. With a cost of $0.478 USD in laboratory equipment, which translates as a plausible sustainable production of ocotillol/ocotillone
Shuangli Sun, Lanlan Feng, Kin Pan Chung, Ka-Ming Lee, Hayley Hei-Yin Cheung, Mengqian Luo, Kaike Ren, Kai Ching Law, Liwen Jiang, Kam-Bo Wong, et al.
Published: 17 October 2021
Abstract:
In selective macroautophagy/autophagy, cargo receptors are recruited to the forming autophagosome by interacting with Atg8 (autophagy-related 8)-family proteins and facilitate the selective sequestration of specific cargoes for autophagic degradation. In addition, Atg8 interacts with a number of adaptors essential for autophagosome biogenesis, including ATG and non-ATG proteins. The majority of these adaptors and receptors are characterized by an Atg8-family interacting motif (AIM) for binding to Atg8. However, the molecular basis for the interaction mode between ATG8 and regulators or cargo receptors in plants remains largely unclear. In this study, we unveiled an atypical interaction mode for Arabidopsis ATG8f with a plant unique adaptor protein, SH3P2 (SH3 domain-containing protein 2), but not with the other two SH3 proteins. By structure analysis of the unbound form of ATG8f, we identified the unique conformational changes in ATG8f upon binding to the AIM sequence of a plant known autophagic receptor, NBR1. To compare the binding affinity of SH3P2-ATG8f with that of ATG8f-NBR1, we performed a gel filtration assay to show that ubiquitin-associated domain of NBR1 outcompetes the SH3 domain of SH3P2 for ATG8f interaction. Biochemical and cellular analysis revealed that distinct interfaces were employed by ATG8f to interact with NBR1 and SH3P2. Further subcellular analysis showed that the AIM-like motif of SH3P2 is essential for its recruitment to the phagophore membrane but is dispensable for its trafficking in endocytosis. Taken together, our study provides an insightful structural basis for the ATG8 binding specificity toward a plant-specific autophagic adaptor and a conserved autophagic receptor. Abbreviations: ATG, autophagy-related; AIM, Atg8-family interacting motif; BAR, Bin-Amphiphysin-Rvs; BFA, brefeldin A; BTH, benzo-(1,2,3)-thiadiazole-7-carbothioic acid S-methyl ester; CCV, clathrin-coated-vesicle; CLC2, clathrin light chain 2; Conc A, concanamycin A; ER, endoplasmic reticulum; LDS, LIR docking site; MAP1LC3/LC3, microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3; LIR, LC3-interacting region; PE, phosphatidylethanolamine; SH3P2, SH3 domain containing protein 2; SH3, Src-Homology-3; UBA, ubiquitin-associated; UIM, ubiquitin-interacting motif.
Published: 17 October 2021
Abstract:
This note investigates πT,c1,c2(a1,a2)=P(supt∈[0,T](σ1B(t)−c1t)>a1,supt∈[0,T](σ2B(t)−c2t)>a2), where {B(t):t≥0} is a standard Brownian motion, with T>0,σ1,σ2>0,c1,c2∈R. We derive explicit formula for the probability πT,c1,c2(a1,a2) and find its asymptotic behavior both in the so called many-source and high-threshold regimes.
, Patricia Durham, Timothy Victor Rasinski, Amber Godwin, Melinda Miller
The Journal of Educational Research pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1080/00220671.2021.1986460

Abstract:
This sequential explanatory analysis reports on the observed differences in growth on decoding, word knowledge, and reading comprehension between second grade males and females after participating in a readers theater treatment or business as usual instruction. The quantitative results revealed that males made greater gains than females in the treatment groups and females outperformed the males in the comparison group. A follow up survey of an unrelated sample of second and third grade males was conducted to further understand why males may have demonstrated more improvement when involved in readers theater. Several themes emerged indicating males liked the collaborative aspect of dramatic performance and believed it is a fun and nontraditional classroom activity. Readers theater also helped their ability to sustain, strengthen, and develop their reader identities through comedy.
Loan Vu,
The Journal of Development Studies pp 1-21; https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2021.1983169

Abstract:
This paper empirically investigates the links between agricultural diversity and child nutritional status in rural Myanmar. The data for this analysis come from a two-round survey of households conducted in six rural townships in Myanmar between February 2016 and November 2017. Using the child anthropometric measures haz, whz, waz, stunting, and underweight, our results show that child nutritional status worsened between 2016 and 2017. Our empirical results show that greater agricultural production diversity was associated with poorer anthropometric outcomes among young children aged between 6 and 35 months. Home garden ownership is statistically significant and positively associated with younger children’s anthropometric outcomes, whilst migration is negatively associated with wasting and underweight probability of older children. Livelihood diversification through migration is an important channel to address child undernutrition in our study areas in rural Myanmar, particularly in the long term when children grow older.
Christopher I. Higginson, Marisa Valenti, Karlie Ibrahim, Brian A. Knarr, Rob Ryan, Jill S. Higginson
Published: 17 October 2021
Journal of Motor Behavior pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.1080/00222895.2021.1988504

Abstract:
The relationship between personality and postural stability has received little attention. This study addressed whether neuroticism and extraversion correlate with changes in postural stability while performing cognitive tasks related to brain regions selectively associated with neuroticism and extraversion. Thirty-two adults stood on a foam mat in tandem stance and completed a 2-back task and a weather prediction task (WPT). As predicted, higher neuroticism was related to increased dual task sway during the 2-back task, r = 0.40, p = 0.023, and lower extraversion was related to increased dual task sway during the WPT, r = –0.43, p = 0.013, suggesting that personality is related to postural stability in healthy young adults and that personality could be considered in the prediction and treatment of individuals with balance difficulties.
, Charlie Domnisch, Laura Iglar, Laura Boucher, James Onate,
Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.1080/10669817.2021.1989755

Yani-Athmane Bennai, , Louiza Bouallouche-Medjkoune
International Journal of Computers and Applications pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.1080/1206212x.2021.1988234

Abstract:
Designing MAC (Medium Access Control) protocols for VANETs is a difficult task due to the inherently unstable nature of these networks when compared to traditional ad hoc networks (high node speed, position changes that lead to disconnections, signal losses, etc.). In recent years, several standardization efforts have been made by the IEEE in association with the scientific community in this area and they proposed the 1609.4 MAC protocol in the IEEE WAVE (Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments) stack. The aim of our work is to improve the quality of service and overall performances of this 1609.4 MAC protocol by proposing three mechanisms. First, we introduce an equity algorithm that aims to ensure more fairness between nodes. We also adapt the SCH (Service CHannel) interval to the network's needs with a dynamic SCH interval mechanism. Finally, we propose an emergency mechanism that aims to ensure the transmission of critical safety packets when dangerous events occur on the road. The results of our simulations show a significant improvement of the protocol's performances in terms of throughput, packet loss and critical packet delivery rates under several scenarios.
, Hayato Maruyama, Hisae Fujimoto, Masataka Suzuki, Ayane Kan, Yusuke Unno, Takuro Shinano
Soil Science and Plant Nutrition pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2021.1988829

Abstract:
Low transfer of radioactive cesium (radiocesium) from soil to grains of agricultural crops is desirable to ensure food safety for humans and animals. Although the transfer of radiocesium from soil to grains is higher in upland crops such as soybean (Glycine max L.) than in paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.), little information related to the specific difference in radiocesium accumulation among leguminous crops is available, or for the relation between soil conditions and radiocesium accumulation in leguminous crops. This study compared the pattern of radiocesium transfer from soil to grains between peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and soybean to elucidate the diversity of radiocesium accumulation in leguminous crops growing with different potassium levels in soil. Pot and field experiments with radiocesium-contaminated soil showed that the radiocesium concentration in grains was lower in peanut than in soybean plants. For peanut, radiocesium absorption was mainly from roots instead of gynophores and fruits formed in the soil. Radiocesium absorption and translocation from roots to shoots were lower in peanut than in soybean plants. Among shoot parts, radiocesium transfers from stems to leaves, shells, and grains were lower in peanut than in soybean plants. Potassium application to the soil decreased the radiocesium transfer from soil to grains in both crops. The radiocesium accumulation was lower in peanut than in soybean under both potassium applied and non-applied conditions. These results underscored the variation in radiocesium transfer from soil to grains in leguminous crops, and demonstrated that peanut plants had lower potential of radiocesium accumulation than soybean plants.
South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies pp 1-22; https://doi.org/10.1080/00856401.2021.1972551

Abstract:
Developed ostensibly to enhance social interaction, social media has become a powerful tool of pedagogy, cognition and politics. Visual content is particularly powerful since it is processed quicker than text, generating immediate emotional responses and a higher degree of memorability. This study looks at the way ‘Sinhalaness’ has been visually portrayed on social media by Sinhalese users by analysing a body of visual artefacts publicly posted on Facebook between 2011 and 2018. A content analysis of these suggests that in the immediate period after the civil war (1983–2009), online Sinhalaness has become largely defined by an increased religious, specifically Buddhist, consciousness, supplemented by war memories. This contrasts with the largely linguistic basis of Sinhala identity articulated in the pre-2009 period.
Hong-Yu Liu,
Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.1080/02533839.2021.1983465

Abstract:
The technique of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing is very sensitive to the carrier frequency offset (CFO). The requirement for high estimation accuracy when we acquire the CFO value is demanding. An efficient high-order approximation algorithm for jointly estimating the CFO and the channel impulse response (CIR) has been presented in the literature. From their simulation results, it is found that the estimator mean-square error (MSE) values are very close to the Cramer-Rao bound values, indicating that the highest estimation accuracy is achieved. However, no theoretical analysis is provided to confirm this assertion. In this article, we derive the theoretical formulas for the CFO MSE and the average CIR MSE for the estimators. It is found that the theoretical MSE for a joint CFO and CIR estimation problem approximates the Cramer-Rao bound when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is high and the generalized CAZA sequence is used as the preamble. From our simulations, the theoretical results still hold true even for an SNR as low as 5 dB. Consequently, the range of SNR for which the theoretical analysis is valid is quite large.
, Chie Katsuyama, Kanako Tago
Soil Science and Plant Nutrition pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2021.1981119

Abstract:
Nitrogen cycle, a most important elemental cycle in earth ecosystem, is carried out by three major microbial processes including nitrogen fixation, nitrification and denitrification. Nitrification is particularly important in agricultural soil ecosystems because it is involved in nitrogen loss, groundwater pollution by nitrogen leaching, and greenhouse gas nitrous oxide emission. Recent genomic, metagenomic and physiological analysis of nitrifying microorganisms gives new insights into their ecology and functions in soils. In the last decade, there have been a number of important findings regarding nitrification. The discovery of nitrifying archaea and complete nitrifying bacteria has overturned the conventional theory that nitrification is driven by ammonia-oxidizing and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. Each of the newly discovered nitrifying microorganisms has unique properties, for example, a different affinity for ammonia. These nitrifying microorganisms have been shown to actually play important roles in nitrification in agricultural soils. Soil conditions and agricultural practices such as fertilization and tillage have been shown to influence the contribution of each nitrifying microorganism to the activity of nitrification. In addition, nitrification inhibition technologies have been developed to prevent the loss of nitrogen fertilizer and the of nitrous oxide emission. This review provides an overview of recent researches on the diversity and characteristics of nitrifying microorganisms, soil factors affecting their ecology in soil, their involvement in nitrous oxide emissions, and nitrification control technologies.
Seyda Eruyar, Sadiyya Haffejee, ES Anderson,
Journal of Interprofessional Care pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2021.1982881

Abstract:
Children in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have high levels of unmet mental health needs, especially in disadvantaged communities. To address this gap, we developed a child mental health service improvement programme. This was co-facilitated using interprofessional principles and values in four countries, South Africa, Kenya, Turkey and Brazil. Eighteen stakeholders from different professions were interviewed after six months on their perspectives on enabling factors and challenges they faced in implementing service plans. Participants valued the holistic case management approach and scaled service model that underpinned the service plans. Emerging themes on participants’ priorities related to service user participation, integrated care, and different levels of capacity-building. We propose that an integrated care model in LMIC contexts can maximize available resources, engage families and mobilize communities. Implementation requires concurrent actions at micro-, meso- and macro-level.
Hakima Bessaih, María J. Garrido-Atienza, Verena Köpp,
Stochastic Analysis and Applications pp 1-37; https://doi.org/10.1080/07362994.2021.1981383

Abstract:
We consider a system of two coupled stochastic lattice equations driven by additive white noise processes, where the strength of the coupling is given by a parameter κ≥0. We show that these equations generate a random dynamical system which has a random pullback attractor. This attractor naturally depends on the parameter κ. When the intensity of the coupling becomes large, we observe that the components of the given system synchronize. To describe this phenomenon, we prove the upper semicontinuity of the family of attractors with respect to the attractor of a specific limiting system.
, , Anna Fausta Scardigno
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2021.1985080

Abstract:
Despite the strong criticisms, mass student surveys play an important role in the quality assurance process of national higher education systems. While some national higher education systems have a long history of using student surveys to inform teaching and course quality improvement (e.g. the UK, Australia), in Italy, where the quality assurance system has been put in place at both state and institutional levels, a national student survey has never been implemented. As a consequence, higher education institutions have used, and still use, only student evaluations of teaching. If, on the one hand, these local surveys tend to overlap with the rationale and structure of a national survey, on the other hand, they prevent universities from comparing quality indicators. Given the strong drive to use student surveys as a quality assurance mechanism, the present article reports a study aimed to design and probe a new questionnaire to be used at the national level. A total of 572 final year students enrolled in a public university participated in the study. Data were examined using a principal component analysis. Study results could set the groundwork for a critical debate on changes and improvements in the quality assurance process.
Yingzhi Li, Howe Liu, , David C. Mason
Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.1080/10669817.2021.1985693

Abstract:
Male genital pain, which is neither related to genitourinary nor other obvious pathology, is an uncommon symptom in male patients and not frequently treated using manual therapy. The purpose of this case study is to describe a clinical reasoning process in combination with anatomy-based differential diagnosis and manual treatment for genital pain. A male patient with a 3-week acute onset of genital pain was hospitalized and referred for evaluation and treatment after unsuccessful treatment with medication and acupuncture. Clinical examination was performed indicating a possible nerve entrapment followed by interventions of ligamentous articular strain, high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation, and strain– and counterstain, coupled with soft tissue stretching to lumbar and inguinal areas to address a possible lumbar referral potentially from L1 and/or ilioinguinal nerve entrapment. After 4 consecutive days of manipulative treatment, pain decreased from 9/10 to 0/10 and the Barthel Index improved from 50 to 95. A 6-month follow-up revealed complete resolution of symptoms with no recurrence. This case illustrates that a detailed history and examination along with a reasoned diagnostic process to determine an appropriate intervention strategy may improve patient care using manual therapy techniques. By utilizing a deductive reasoning process related to the penile area, clinicians may better apply manual therapy techniques for successful treatment.
, Andreas Zehetner
Journal of Promotion Management pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.1080/10496491.2021.1987973

Abstract:
This contribution deals with a comparison of one AI based data mining tool and two traditional approaches utilized to collect and interpret data for prospect generation. Traditional prospect generation methods, like manual web search or using purchased data from external providers may involve high costs and efforts and are subject to failures and waste through outdated and untargeted data. In contrast, AI based methods claim to provide better results at lower costs. Based on a real case, the authors compare effects of these three prospect generation methods. AI based data mining tools compensate for some weaknesses of other methods, especially because they do not need pre-defined selection criteria which might bias the results. In addition, they involve less effort from the researcher. However, the results in generating concrete prospects may be still weaker than with traditional methods if web crawling activities are influenced by underlying databases. For academic research in the field of prospect generation, this study provides a fact-based comparison of approaches. Implications for businesses include the advice to combine methods rather than to rely on a single approach. The time available for research and the complexity of the target market have an influence on the selection of the prospect generation approach.
Published: 17 October 2021
Feminist Media Studies pp 1-18; https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2021.1984272

Abstract:
In order to better understand the functional significance of pro-eating disorder (pro-ED) online spaces for users, the current study investigates identity performance as it plays out on pro-ED Tumblr and Instagram account bios. We used data scraping methodologies to illuminate key facets of pro-ED social media culture beyond thinspiration, and found that pro-ED Tumblr and Instagram bios commonly utilize self-tracking and self-quantification (e.g., self-tracking data regarding exercise and food intake, lowest weight, current weight) to represent online personas. Drawing from this data, we suggest the importance of understanding pro-ED social media use as a mode of enacting eating disorder practices and articulating eating-disordered identities online. More specifically, we posit that self-quantification and self-tracking on social media can be seen as a way that individuals with eating disorders extend practices of self-containment and control online in a world that increasingly blends online and offline life. By understanding the multifaceted psychological functions of pro-ED social media use we can build more informed interventions aimed at minimizing individuals’ needs to engage in such spaces in the first place, which in turn might have a preventive impact.
, Gabriel R. Murchison, Madina Agénor, Lucila Suarez, Allegra R. Gordon
Published: 17 October 2021
Culture, Health & Sexuality pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2021.1946595

Abstract:
Nonbinary young adults (who do not identify with a binary male or female identity and may hold diverse gender identities, including genderqueer, nonbinary and agender) may have unique and unmet sexual healthcare needs compared to binary transgender and cisgender people. However, there is limited knowledge about the sexual health and healthcare needs of nonbinary young adults. We conducted 19 semi-structured, in-depth interviews between August and November 2018 with nonbinary people aged 18–30 years in New England. Interview topics included experiences accessing sexual healthcare and engaging in sexual activity. Interviews were transcribed and transcripts were analysed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis. Three main themes were identified. First, participants described barriers to accessing high-quality sexual healthcare at both the interpersonal and institutional level. Second, participants employed strategies to meet their sexual healthcare needs despite encountering barriers. Third, participants articulated the ways nonbinary gender identities affect sexual relationships, with implications for sexual health. These findings underscore the need for research and advocacy – in collaboration with nonbinary persons themselves – to develop best practices to meet the sexual healthcare needs and advance the sexual health of nonbinary young people.
, , Ryan T Pohlig, Emma H Beisheim, John R Horne, ,
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2021.1990449

Abstract:
Adults with lower-limb amputation walk with an asymmetrical gait and exhibit poor functional outcomes, which may negatively impact quality-of-life. To evaluate associations between gait asymmetry and performance-based physical function among adults with lower-limb amputation. A cross-sectional study involving 38 adults with a unilateral transtibial (N = 24; 62.5 ± 10.5 years) or transfemoral amputation (N = 14; 59.9 ± 9.5 years) was conducted. Following gait analysis (capturing step length and stance time asymmetry at self-selected (SSWS) and fast walking speeds (FWS)), participants completed performance-based measures (i.e. Timed Up and Go (TUG), the 10-Meter Walk Test (10mwt), and the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT)). Step length and stance time asymmetry (at SSWS and FWS) were significantly correlated with each performance-based measure (p < .001 to p = .035). Overall, models with gait measures obtained at SSWS explained 40.1%, 46.8% and 40.1% of the variance in TUG-time (p = .022), 10mwt-speed (p = .003) and 6MWT-distance (p = .010), respectively. Models with gait measures obtained at FWS explained 70.0%, 59.8% and 51.8% of the variance in TUG-time (p < .001), 10mwt-speed (p < .001), and 6MWT-distance (p < .001), respectively. Increases in step length or stance time asymmetry are associated with increased TUG-time, slower 10mwt-speed, and reduced 6MWT-distance. Findings suggest gait asymmetry may be a factor in poor functional outcomes following lower-limb amputation.
Published: 17 October 2021
Women & Criminal Justice pp 1-20; https://doi.org/10.1080/08974454.2021.1988034

Abstract:
Research has demonstrated how LGBTQ+ hate is widespread on the internet. The nature of the online world is such that the permanence and desistance of hate is greater than its offline counterpart. However, comparatively little attention has been paid to the impacts of this type of behavior. Drawing on the findings of a survey involving 175 LGBTQ+ respondents aged 13–25, and 15 follow-up interviews, this paper addresses this gap by exploring the range of significant impacts that LGBTQ+ young people experience on their well-being and relationships with others. Given the ubiquitous nature of online abuse, this paper demonstrates the need for a targeted criminal justice response. Consequently, this paper discusses the implications of the findings with respect to future research.
, Caroline Chambon, Claire Deshayes, Jean-Luc Anton, Guy Escoffier, Marie-Hélène Ferrer, Véronique Paban
Neuropsychological Rehabilitation pp 1-36; https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2021.1987277

Abstract:
Cognitive functioning evolves throughout life. Regular practice of stimulating activities maintains or even strengthens cognitive skills. This study investigated the effects of a cognitive training programme based on complex closed-ended problem solving on innovative thinking. To this end, using partial least squares variance-based structural equation modeling, we first evaluated in 83 healthy adults how inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and reasoning were related to the distinct dimensions of innovative thinking. Second, we assessed how these interactions were modified after cognitive training based on problem solving in a subgroup of 16 subjects compared to leisure activity based on crossword solving in another subgroup of 15 subjects. Third, in a pilot fMRI study, we evaluated changes in brain connectivity at rest as a result of training in the problem solving group. Data on cognitive measures showed that innovative thinking was influenced by reasoning in control subjects, whereas it was influenced by cognitive flexibility following problem-solving training. These findings highlight that a cognitive intervention based on complex closed-ended problem solving promotes innovative thinking by changing the way subjects recruit and use relevant cognitive processes. Modifications in the resting-state connectivity of attention, default mode and visual networks were observed in the problem solving group.
Published: 17 October 2021
Psychodynamic Practice pp 1-22; https://doi.org/10.1080/14753634.2021.1991444

Abstract:
The present study arose from my clinical work with young women and aims to re-examine the issues at stake in female psychosexuality. In accordance with the deferred action, I will begin by presenting my conceptual development before attempting to apply it to the two clinical presentations. Masochism will be of central importance in our discussion because, although the notion of a normal masochism specific to women has rightly been criticised by many authors, the reference to a pathological masochism is a clinical reality that cannot be denied. It is an impediment to the flourishing of the feminine in women. The latter, a sort of reduplication of the primary feminine linked to psychic bisexuality, has given rise to important developments in contemporary theories. Reorganised in an oedipal register under cover of the phantasy of being beaten, it involves two registers of passivity: passivity-seduction (Freud/Laplanche) and passivity-distress (Rosenberg/Green). While, according to recent theories, the little girl has to experience passive reversal without any threat of intrusion, I will attempt to show that she also has to experience the loss of the object in a unique way. In the absence of a phallic obstacle, loss is thus at the heart of femininity, requiring an oeuvre of the feminine, that is, an endless work of melancholia.
Reza Kazemi, , Bijan Abbasi Arand, Hossein Mohseni Armaki
Published: 17 October 2021
Abstract:
The most important features of microstrip antenna are low cost, low profile, and light weight. But the patch antenna usually has narrow bandwidth. In this paper, for overcoming the mentioned problem, a new approach to obtain a wider bandwidth is proposed. For this purpose, stacked patch above the main patch is used. The design and fabrication method of the proposed antenna is described carefully. Then, a compact microstrip fed line linear array antenna with Taylor amplitude distribution in the feeding network is designed. The measured results show the 10-dB impedance bandwidth of about 23% for the single element and 20% for the linear array. Moreover, the measured side lobe level (SLL) of the array is lower than −21 dB. The results for the simulations and experiments are in a good agreement.
, Islam H. Afefy, Sayed M. Taha
International Journal of Management Science and Engineering Management pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1080/17509653.2021.1986682

Abstract:
The design process of a cellular manufacturing system (CMS) involves well-known NP-hard problems. Being an NP-hard, it is difficult to address these CMS-related problems optimally within a reasonable time. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel heuristic-based two-stage approach to tackle the CMS-related problems. In the first stage, a mathematical model is developed to concurrently solve cell formation and workers’ assignment problems (CFWAP). The worker’s selection is determined by their performance in operating a machine for a specific part, measured by the defect rate resulting from assigning the worker to a machine. The model’s objective is to minimize the weighted sum of the total inter-cell, intra-cell movements, operation, and defect costs. In the second stage, based on the output of the mathematical model in the first stage, a heuristic algorithm is developed to solve the problem related to the layout design of the cellular manufacturing system (LDCMS). The actual dimensions of machines and the aisle distances between them are considered in LDCMS to find out the best possible allocation of the machines and cells within the entire system. A comparison is conducted between numerical examples from the literature to show the efficiency and the validation of this two-stage heuristic approach. The results show that the proposed method can optimally tackle the aforementioned CMS-related problems within a reasonable time. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that integrates the CFWAP with LDCMS, considering all these practical and manufacturing features. Finally, it should be noted that the proposed approach has been applied as a real case study for a central workshop on die manufacturing for a food stove company in Egypt. The results depict a significant reduction in the company’s total associated costs by achieving up to 23% savings from applying the proposed method.
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education pp 1-18; https://doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2021.1983769

Abstract:
This study proposes a holistic model of perceived employability in university students, covering the following five areas: human capital, social capital, cultural capital, individual attributes and behaviours, and contextual factors. Three studies comprising five experts and 1,088 students were performed. Through these studies, the psychometric properties of the scales used were verified, and the proposed theoretical structural model was estimated. The results confirm that university student networks, labour market and self-confidence in job searching and university are the most important factors in graduates’ perception of employability.
Ke Gao, Tuo Wang, Yuan Qiao,
Published: 17 October 2021
Abstract:
Glioma is one of the most aggressive malignancies in the central nervous system and the prognosis of glioma patients remains poor. In this study, we investigated the function of microRNA-30e-3p (miR-30e-3p) in glioma development and its regulatory role in drug-resistance to temozolomide (TMZ). We found that miR-30e-3p was downregulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. Ectopic expression of miR-30e-3p inhibited the growth of glioma cells and arrested cell cycle at G0/G1 phase. Canopy FGF signaling regulator 2 (CNPY2) was predicted as a direct target of miR-30e-3p by bioinformatics analysis. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed the interaction between miR-30e-3p and CNPY2. We also demonstrated that miR-30e-3p suppressed glioma xenograft tumor development invivo and the inhibition was abolished by CNPY2 overexpression. In addition, we showed that overexpression of miR-30e-3p enhanced the sensitivity of glioma cell to TMZ treatment. Glioma cells with miR-30e-3p overexpression had decreased cell proliferation and enhanced cell apoptosis upon TMZ treatment. Moreover, we revealed that miR-30e-3p modulated TMZ sensitivity of glioma cells via negatively regulating CNPY2. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that miR-30e-3p plays a critical role in glioma development and drug sensitivity to TMZ treatment via negatively regulating CNPY2 expression. The study suggests that miR-30e-3p/CNPY2 could be developed as a novel target to improve the glioma therapy. Abbreviations: miR-30e-3p, microRNA-30e-3p; TMZ, temozolomide; CNPY2, canopy FGF signaling regulator 2; 3ʹ-UTR, 3ʹ untranslated region; NC, negative control.
, Megan L. Franke, Nicholas C. Johnson, Marsha Ing, Joy Zimmerman
Mathematical Thinking and Learning pp 1-27; https://doi.org/10.1080/10986065.2021.1990744

Abstract:
Educators, researchers, and policy makers recognize that student participation in classroom mathematics conversations, especially explaining one’s own thinking and engaging with others’ ideas, can promote students’ mathematics learning. However, precisely how participating in these ways supports learning has not often been examined in detail. Using in-depth analyses of videotaped whole-class discussions, small-group collaborative work, and private partner conversations in two third-grade mathematics classrooms on six occasions over a five- month period, we show advances that students made in their mathematical thinking or mathematical work in the context of explaining their thinking and/or engaging with others’ ideas. The detailed analyses focus on students who had previously scored low on standardized tests of mathematics proficiency. The results show how students not considered to have extensive mathematics knowledge can forge new connections between mathematical ideas and representations, and extend their problem-solving strategies in ways that are directly related to their participation.
Alison I. Graham, ,
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2021.1986468

Abstract:
Student frustration with the level and content of feedback is well-noted, especially in relation to new or unfamiliar assessment types. At the same time, students are often unlikely to engage with marking and feedback processes, including the use of rubrics or marking criteria before submission. The aim of this project was to build students’ assessment and feedback literacy through engagement sessions both before and after submission in two departments at a UK university. Following discussions with students on their perceptions of feedback, assessment-specific marking criteria were developed. Students were provided with an opportunity to discuss these criteria and assess exemplars before submission and then, after return of marks, discussed the helpfulness of the feedback provided. Feedback Studio® was used to provide electronic feedback via comment libraries, general comments and qualitative rubrics. Both staff and students found that the combination of engagement sessions and online feedback was a positive improvement, although questions were raised about the timing and frequency of engagement sessions and students’ ability to apply marking criteria to their own work. The conclusions summarise recommendations for the use of timetabled engagement sessions to support students in the use of assessment-specific marking criteria.
Kobra Mardi,
Journal of Energetic Materials pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.1080/07370652.2021.1975851

Abstract:
In this work, we developed and validated a simple and selective method for the determination of titanium dioxide in double base solid (DB propellants). The method is based on complex formation of Ti(IV) with hydrogen peroxide in acidic media and monitoring absorbance of colored product by spectrophotometric technique at 407 nm. Under optimal conditions, at λmax = 407 nm, the linear range of determination of Ti(IV) was 5.0–100 µg mL−1 with detection limits of 3.0 µg mL−1. The validity of the method was evaluated by means of the data statistical analysis. For this purpose, the method was applied to the determination of titanium dioxide (TiO2) in DB propellants and the results were statistically compared with those obtained by the by ICP-AES method using t- and F-tests. There was no significant difference between the mean values and the precisions of the two methods at the 95% confidence level. The results showed that the proposed method offers an accurate and reliable approach for the determination of titanium dioxide in DB propellants, and can be suggested as a routine method in military quality control laboratories.
, Claudine Ouellet, Jacinthe Cloutier
Published: 17 October 2021
Services Marketing Quarterly pp 1-23; https://doi.org/10.1080/15332969.2021.1987611

Abstract:
The role played by emotions in funeral services, as in unwanted services in general, is still largely unexplored in the literature. While no theoretical attempt has been made yet to shed light on the dyadic and processual emotional relationship occurring in a service of this nature, a narrative literature review has been conducted from a multidisciplinary corpus. The analysis is designed to present both sides of this relationship, e.g., the perspective of the consumer as well as that of the service provider. Research avenues are developed to deepen the understanding of emotions in the consumer-organizational relationship specific to funeral services.
Published: 17 October 2021
Educational Action Research pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1080/09650792.2021.1978302

Abstract:
Action research has been enthusiastically promoted in TESOL for almost forty years and has projected hopes for the emancipation of EFL grassroots teachers from reliance on evidence-based SLA research. Drawing on data from semi-structured interviews with grassroots secondary school teachers, this study attempts to show that the contrast between those difficulties the teachers identify as their most pressing and the action research topics commonly researched in TESOL may explain voices of dissent at the grassroots. Although there is some evidence that action research benefits practitioners in supported grassroots contexts, the voices of dissent would appear to indicate that the hopes that action research would result in a more just form of research, one which addresses the full gamut of teachers’ fundamental difficulties, remain unfulfilled. Furthermore, the study points to evidence that strict adherence to, and mandatory practice of, action research within the pragmatist paradigm can add to teachers’ burdens. In order to address all the predicaments of grassroots teachers’ realities, and facilitate a less coercive approach, a change of paradigms is proposed.
Wen Ren, Shuixiang Xie, , Mingdong Zhang, Chunyang Wang, Jialuo Rong, Zongkun Li
Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.1080/01932691.2021.1984940

Abstract:
In this study, a series of new betaine fluorocarbon surfactants (abbreviated as FSC-m) were synthesized with N,N-dimethyl-1,3-propane diamine, perfluoroalkyl sulfonyl fluoride, and sodium chloroacetate. The novel surfactants were characterized by FI-IR, 1H-NMR and 19F-NMR. The surface activity of these surfactants at the air-water interface was investigated. The oil-water interfacial tension, adsorption, and wettability were studied on the oily drilling cuttings. The results showed that the novel surfactants have excellent surface and interfacial activities and low CMC. The novel surfactants can rapidly absorb at oily drilling cuttings, and their isotherm adsorption curve is L-shaped, with single-molecule Langmuir adsorption characteristics. FSC-m dramatically affected the wettability of oily drilling cuttings, such that the oil drop contact angle increased to 75.5° and the water drop contact angle increased to 117.2°, thus reducing the adhesion of the oil phase to the drilling cuttings. These surfactants can be applied to the oil removal technology of oily drilling cutting and they have a broad application prospect. Graphical Abstract
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1080/00288233.2021.1987279

Abstract:
Two lysimeter experiments were conducted to quantify the effect of including plantain in pasture on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from cattle urine patches, as affected by urine deposition timing and soil type. In experiment one, two pasture types were tested: (i) perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)/white clover (Trifolium repens) (PRG/WC), and (ii) perennial ryegrass/white clover/plantain (Plantago lanceolata) (PRG/WC/P) pastures, under four urine application dates (late summer, early autumn, mid-autumn, and late autumn). In experiment two, two pasture types were tested: (i) PRG/WC and (ii) PRG/WC/P on two soil types (Balmoral shallow stony silt loam and Templeton deep stone-less silt loam). Both experiments applied cow urine (700 kg N ha−1) and collected gas samples using a closed chamber method. In experiment one and two, the addition of plantain to pasture had no significant effect on N2O-N emissions. Soil type had no significant effect on N2O-N emissions. However, urine application timing had a significant effect, with February having the highest average N2O-N emissions (9.0 kg N2O-N ha−1), followed by March (3.0 kg N2O-N ha−1), April (2.7 kg N2O-N ha−1) and May (1.7 kg N2O-N ha−1). This change in N2O-N emissions is attributed to cooler conditions reducing microbial activity, subsequently reducing nitrification and denitrification rates.
, Kudzai Makurumidze, Christian Sarfo
Published: 17 October 2021
Abstract:
In pursuit of better travel decisions, potential tourists are not only exposed to online destination marketing content but are also exposed to user-generated content (UGC) which are based on the subjective evaluation of people's travel experiences. These user-generated contents have been observed to significantly influence tourist travel intentions, vlogs in particular. This paper aims to further our understanding of how tourists perceive user-generated videos and their influence on their travel intentions. A survey was conducted among tourists (n = 274) in Cape Coast Castle, Ghana and analysed using a Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) technique. Results suggest that tourist's perception of user-generated videos in relation to their perceived credibility and perceived fairness influenced their travel intentions.
Kumari Neha, Faraat Ali, Kashif Haider, Shaik Khasimbi,
Published: 17 October 2021
Synthetic Communications pp 1-19; https://doi.org/10.1080/00397911.2021.1986843

Abstract:
The current gathering is intended for examining the synthesis of a chemical moiety, oxazole. Oxazole is a vital heterocycle moiety, devouring effective healing action with three loci for substitution. Oxazole nucleus comprises one pyridine type nitrogen and a single oxygen atom in a heterocyclic system that has been inspected in the expansion of novel molecules relying upon various substitutions with encouraging pharmaceutical possessions. This review focuses on 47 synthetic schemes involving radiation, metal-mediated, one-pot, and other approaches for oxazoles and their derivatives, which headed to the improvement of new-fangled man-made methods along with modifications of standard approaches. These therapeutically active oxazole conjugates have fascinated plentiful investigators globally to scout and synthesize this attractive skeleton for clinically innovative latent beneficial intermediates. Graphical Abstract
, Keng-Chang Chang, Shinn-Liang Chang, Po-Hui Chiang
Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.1080/02533839.2021.1983464

Abstract:
Grinding is the final step in machine tool processing; it affects the accuracy and surface roughness of the machined parts. This study aims to improve the static and dynamic performance of precision grinding machines and reduce their deformation and avoid resonance. Based on the static characteristic analysis, the maximum deformation of the spindle head was determined to be 134 μm, which was reduced to 40 μm by applying a counterweight to the design. The first two modal frequencies obtained from the modal analysis were 26.9 and 27.7 Hz. The vibration of the second mode directly affected the processing accuracy of the machine. The vibration frequency and vibration modes of the structure were verified using the simulation results. These experiments and simulations helped improve the performance of the precision grinding machines. A transient response analysis method was implemented to investigate the influence of applied force during the simulation process, and experiments were conducted to evaluate the performance of the machine. As the saddle was increased by 200 mm, the modal frequency of the machine increased by 26% and reached 35.0 Hz. Our redesigning helped increase the modal frequency and avoid resonance at 30 Hz.
, , , Naoyuki Yamashita, , Fumiko Nakagawa, Masayuki Morohashi, Hiroki Yotsuyanagi, Tsuyoshi Ohizumi, Keiichi Sato, et al.
Soil Science and Plant Nutrition pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2021.1991228

Abstract:
Excess inputs of reactive nitrogen (Nr) from the atmosphere will cause disturbances to forest ecosystems, including soil and stream water acidification, plant nutrient imbalances, alterations of species compositions (such as biodiversity losses), and nitrogen (N) leaching into stream water. Central Japan (or Chubu region) has experienced both domestic and transboundary air pollution since the 1950s. Emissions of nitrogen oxides in China peaked in 2011/2012, although the peak of ammonia emissions has not been confirmed. Changes in these emissions have been reflected gradually in atmospheric N deposition rates and the biogeochemical cycle in ecosystems in central Japan. We synthetically analyzed the current N saturation situation for forest ecosystems in central Japan based on our recent publications and the latest available dataset. The stream water in the Lake Ijira catchment (IJR) on the Pacific side in Gifu Prefecture became acidified and N-saturated in the mid-1990s but has begun to recover with a decrease in nitrate (NO3–) concentration since the mid-2000s. The progress and recovery of N saturation appeared to be related to the trends of atmospheric deposition, climatic anomalies (such as the cool and drought summers in 1993/1994), and forest management. The NO3 – concentrations in stream water within the forest catchment of Kajikawa (KJK) on the Sea of Japan side in Niigata Prefecture have continued to increase, although the catchment seems to be recovering from acidification owing to a decline in atmospheric sulfur (and probably N) deposition. Finally, the NO3– concentration in stream water in KJK became higher than that in IJR, a direct inversion of the situation in the early 2000s. The recent analysis of 17O excess in NO3– estimated that the export of biologically unprocessed atmospheric NO3– via stream water was larger in KJK than in IJR. The N cycle in soil-plant systems likely does not function as expected under excess atmospheric N input (still over 10 kg ha–1 year–1), especially in KJK. In addition to atmospheric N deposition, reduced N uptake rates as coniferous forests mature, and changing precipitation amounts/patterns appear to accelerate N leaching from forest catchments in central Japan.
Sohaib Khan, Mohamed Sharaf, Ishfaq Ahmed, Tehsin Ullah Khan, Samah Shabana, Muhammad Arif, Syed Shabi Ul Hassan Kazmi,
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy pp 1-18; https://doi.org/10.1080/14787210.2022.1990041

Abstract:
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has occupied a significant place among infectious pathogens and it has been documented as a leading challenge due to its higher resistance to the commonly used drugs, higher adaptability, and lower targeting specificity of the available drugs. New treatment strategies are urgently needed in order to improve the current advancement in modern medicine. Nanocarriers have gained an advantage of drug encapsulation and high retention time in the stomach with a prolonged drug release rate at the targeted site. This article aims to highlight the recent advances in nanotechnology with special emphasis on metallic, polymeric, lipid, membrane coated, and target-specific nanoparticles (NPs), as well as, natural products for treating H. pylori infection. We discussed a comprehensive approach to understand H. pylori infection and elicits to rethink about the increasing threat posed by H. pylori and its treatment strategies. To address these issues, nanotechnology has got huge potential to combat H. pylori infection and has made great progress in the field of biomedicine. Moreover, combinatory studies of natural products and probiotics in conjugation with NPs have proven efficiency against H. pylori infection, with an advantage of lower cytotoxicity, minimal side effects, and stronger antibacterial potential.
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1080/15401383.2021.1963902

Abstract:
Positive expressive writing may improve willingness to engage in expressive writing. An individual, three-day, homework-style experiment was conducted with 42 Japanese undergraduate students who completed a writing task about their feelings regarding a stressful experience. Participants were assigned sequentially to positive, negative, or standard prompt groups. ANOVAs were performed to compare students’ willingness to engage in expressive writing across groups and revealed a relative increase in the positive prompt group’s willingness from baseline to follow-up. In that group, students’ willingness significantly increased from pre-session to post-session. The positive prompt helped maintain higher levels of continued expressive writing and promoted participants’ willingness to engage in expressive writing, causing fewer interruptions during writing sessions. Expressive writing may be an early stress intervention strategy.
, McKayla McConkie, Emily Patten, Michael C. Goates
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.1080/19320248.2021.1971590

Abstract:
Unpaid meals/meal shaming in schools are highlighted in the news media. The purpose of this study was to understand trends and themes in the media relative to meal shaming/unpaid meals. Two databases were used to identify print, cable, and public radio news stories that deal with meal shaming; 355 articles were used for the thematic analysis. Stories came from 46 different states; over half referenced state/local school district policies on meal shaming. The results indicate that meal shaming is a problem and is highlighted in the media. Many issues surrounding unpaid meals could be mitigated by universal no-cost meals.
Zabihalh Bahmani, , Asghar Amanpour
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.1080/10498850.2021.1988790

Abstract:
To improve the quality and increase the shelf life of rainbow trout fillets, nanocomposite clay/low-density polyethylene films were used during 25 days of refrigerated storage (4 °C). Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) films with 5 wt% clay nanoparticles (sodium montmorillonite, MMT) were used for packaging of rainbow trout fillets using 4 different packaging conditions (modified atmosphere packaging (MAP): 60 N2, 35 CO2, and 5% O2; vacuum packaging (VP); air packaging (AP); and control). Fish samples were analyzed on the first day and every 5 days to determine the extent of microbial deterioration, chemical changes, and sensory properties. Based on obtained results, the shelf life of rainbow trout fillets was determined as ~10 days for the control group, and 15, 20, and 25 days for the AP, VP, and MAP packages, respectively.
, Emeric Bourasseau,
Published: 17 October 2021
Molecular Simulation pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.1080/08927022.2021.1987429

Abstract:
In-depth understanding of nuclear fuel behaviour under operation is critical to anticipate and prevent severe accidents. Loss-of-cooling events can lead to core meltdown, and formation of U–Zr–O liquids (the basic components of corium lavas), formed of molten fuel and cladding. To improve the knowledge on those liquid mixtures, we evaluate the ability of existing interatomic potentials (CRG and Yakub) for solid-phase (U, Zr)O2 to accurately reproduce density and heat capacity of molten UO2 and ZrO2 and their binary mixes within molecular dynamics simulations. Facing their limits, we determine a new set of parameters for the CRG potential through optimisation on a single experimental density point for ZrO2 (d=0.070 atoms/Å3 at T=2900 K). The proposed fitted potential shows good agreement during validation with experimental data when applied at high temperatures.
, Dilek Okur
Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.1080/02533839.2021.1983463

Abstract:
In this study, the performance of a medical waste sterilization plant was evaluated. Accordingly, the results were pH 7.26–8.07; temperature 22–25°C; conductivity (EC) 109–182 μS/cm; chemical oxygen demand (COD) 200–900 mg/L; suspended solids (SS) 12–86 mg/L; NO2- 0.4–1.0 mg/L; NO3- 1.5–8.3 mg/L; NH4-N+ 11–25 mg/L; and PO4-P 4.5–7.3 mg/L. All the heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Zn and Hg) had weak correlations with each other. Cr and Hg were observed to have a negative correlation (−0.5733;p=0.05). In addition, the leaching characteristics of the solid waste from the sterilization plant were investigated in terms of heavy metals. Both the Pb and Cd (1.09–0.19 mg/L) values in the leaching analysis of medical waste were slightly above the Turkish Hazardous Waste Control Regulation (THWCR) limit value. This study shows that it is necessary to use some strategies in order to achieve and implement an effective medical waste management system in the city of Van. For this reason, the operation of the medical waste disposal system established in Van is important in terms of creating a preliminary source for more comprehensive studies to be carried out in our country in the future.
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