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Mario Felipe De Lima Carvalho, Moisés Santos de Menezes
Violência e Saúde na Vida de Pessoas LGBTI; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081204

Abstract:
Buscando tratar do tema da violência contra LGBTI em sua relação com o processo saúde-doença, esta publicação objetiva auxiliar gestores, profissionais e estudantes da área da saúde em um assunto muito pouco abordado nas formações profissionais, mas que está presente cotidianamente na realidade do trabalho em saúde.
Mario Felipe De Lima Carvalho, Moisés Santos de Menezes
Violência e Saúde na Vida de Pessoas LGBTI pp 17-32; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081204.0002

Natalia Labella-Sánchez, Francyelle Viana da Rosa
Published: 27 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to analyze Spanish exams for the National High School Examinations (ENEM) to improve the planning and production of pedagogical materials for Spanish classes at Popular Preparatory Courses for University Entry Examinations. Such courses aim to enable students from all walks of life to access higher education. The reflection presented in this paper on Popular Preparatory Courses for University Entry Examinations was based on the Freirian assumptions regarding Popular Education (Freire, 2017). These assumptions were then related to the Bakhtinian concept of dialogism and the intrinsic relations that exist between language and life. The Bakhtinian concepts of dialogism (Bakhtin, 2016) and the theoretical pedagogical assumptions related to language capacities (Dolz; Schneuwly, 2004), were used as both a theoretical basis and a methodological framework for the analysis of the Spanish exams. The results suggested a need for elaborating teaching materials that aim to raise awareness to social and civil duties as well as to prepare students to become readers that can both use their world knowledge in and understand the context of production of the texts they are reading. After all, readers that can put their world knowledge into action and have a better understanding of the locus of the texts they read are more successful in answering exam questions.
Mario Felipe De Lima Carvalho, Moisés Santos de Menezes
Violência e Saúde na Vida de Pessoas LGBTI pp 33-72; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081204.0003

Mario Felipe De Lima Carvalho, Moisés Santos de Menezes
Violência e Saúde na Vida de Pessoas LGBTI pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081204.0001

Mario Felipe De Lima Carvalho, Moisés Santos de Menezes
Violência e Saúde na Vida de Pessoas LGBTI pp 127-132; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081204.0006

Mario Felipe De Lima Carvalho, Moisés Santos de Menezes
Violência e Saúde na Vida de Pessoas LGBTI pp 73-98; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081204.0004

João Paulo Alves Cunha, Lívia Gois dos Santos, Thaís Maria Araújo Tavares, Josefa De Jesus Querino, Dyego Carlos Souza Anacleto de Araújo, Izadora Menezes Da Cunha Barros, Alessandra Rezende Mesquita, Giselle De Carvalho Brito
Published: 26 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
The study aimed to evaluate possible factors associated with retention and intentionality of avoidance of the Pharmacy course of a Public University of the Northeast. This is a cross-sectional study conducted between July and December 2019 with students from the two undergraduate courses in Pharmacy, from the Federal University of Sergipe. For data collection, an instrument was used that included: 1) Sociodemographic data and; 2) Factors related to the intentionality of evasion, questions about locking, and failure in modules/disciplines. The study participated in 335 students, 132 from the Lagarto campus and 203 students from São Cristóvão. Of these, 69.30% (n=232) were women, the majority (81.20%) aged between 18 and 24 years, 60.90% (n=204) declared themselves brown, 96.70% were single and 5.10% (n= 17) had children. Regarding failure and intentionality of evasion, 176 (52.50%) stated that they had already failed and 62,10% (n=208) had the intention to drop out of the course. Among the factors that have an impact on the intentionality of the evasion was: "schedule of the disciplines offered", "curriculum matrix", "teaching methodology", "form of evaluation", "relationship between student and teacher/coordinator", "interpersonal relationships", "student assistance", “low remuneration of the professional", "financial difficulties", "lack of study skills", "difficulties of adaptation to the university", "disenchantment or demotivation with the course", "learning difficulties, translated into disapproval and low frequency", "inadaptation with the course" and "mental health problem". The results reinforce the need for strategies that support students during graduation, in order to reduce the impact of retention and dropout in higher education.
Alex Caldas Simões
Published: 26 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
After all, what is the relationship between text and genre? Based on Hasan's (1989) systemic-functional linguistics and Textual Linguistics postulations on verbal-visual cohesion (Ramos, 2012), our research investigates whether there is a relationship between the cohesive chains and the structural movements of the strips. With the help of NVIVO, we analyzed this hypothesis in 20 serial comic strips by Ed Mort, by Veríssimo and Paiva (1991). We found that the rectangular format favors the realization of visual and verbal anaphors; that the referential introduction of characters takes place through the plane of total vision; and that the referential introduction of new scenarios is carried out through the general vision plan. The detail view plane performs the recategorization of the objects of the speech, as well as the use of the lower viewing angle, the aspect-to-aspect frame transition, the absence of frame, the visual metaphor and the foreground view plane. The serialization is reinforced by the realization of the verbal-visual encapsulators. We conclude that in the serial comic strip, cohesion is articulated with the structural movements of the text. Cohesion, therefore, appears as an element that articulates text and genre and, for us, must become the core of text analysis.
, Ruth Eliza Leivas Vareiro
Published: 26 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
We analyze the confluence between the conception of morality and religion, present in two textbooks of the subject of Civic and Moral Education, intended for high school, produced and used in Paraguay, during Alfredo Stroessner's government (1954 to 1989), amidst the Paraguayan educational reforms of 1957 and 1973, guided by the Ministry of Education and Worship.We analyzed textbooks from the theoretical-methodological framework of content analysis and the history of school subjects, from the history of Paraguayan education in the dictatorial period. We conclude, analyzing the textbooks on moral and civic education, that the Catholic religion served as an argument to convince young people and adolescents to remain pacified, respect the "will of God" in terms of obedience to authority, thus contributing to maintaining the organicity of the Paraguayan nation during the dictatorship.
Published: 26 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
The text presents the result of a research whose object of study was CRECE. It aims to show the trajectory of CRECE from its conception (1990) to its institutionalization (2015). It privileges its temporal and geographical cut in relation to the structure of the educational system until its legal recognition. To carry out the study, qualitative research was used, through documentary survey (CELLARD, 2008) and interviews (BOURDIEU, 2001). Theoretically, the studies by Genuíno Bordignon, Luiz Dourado, Rubens Camargo and Luciana Tatagiba, among others, brought important contributions. The multiple faces of the discontinuity of educational policy are evidenced in the clippings presented on the screen, which at the same time reveals a pertinent CRECE and not canceled, since it persists in time and space to establish itself as an educational policy in the municipal school system of São Paulo.
Published: 25 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
This integrative review reviewed the scientific production on self-compassion in college students. Searches were performed in PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science, without temporal delimitation, in Portuguese, English, or Spanish. A total of 183 files were found, and after the screening, eligibility, and selection steps, 9 papers were included, following the PRISMA guidelines. The intervention studies analyzed showed that adaptations of the MBSR protocol were predominantly used, employing elements of self-compassion. Overall, the results demonstrated a relationship between self-compassion and lower levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. Furthermore, high levels of mindfulness, verbal and figurative creativity, altruism, self-esteem, self-efficacy, control beliefs in learning, compassion competence, and mindfulness behavior were identified; and that self-compassion may be an important moderator for minimizing suicidal behaviors and self-criticism among college students. It is concluded that self-compassion is an important predictor of psychological well-being that positively influences the learning process.
Ricardo Lenard
Published: 25 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
The guidance system created by Nettlau from the life of Mikhail Bakunin is analyzed. The source will be Nettlau's publications in the Spanish periodical La Revista Blanca (1898-1905/1923-1936). The rarity of Nettlau's Bakuninism is in the set of relationships between: love, freedom and rebellion. Nettlau's approximation with 19th century German historiography (historicism), forming an anarchist historicism, would give rise to a rational and sophisticated orienting sense, close to the genetic of Jörn Rüsen, through the libertarian path.
Gustavo Martins Piccolo
Published: 25 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
The present text, configured from a literary review process, begins by making an unwavering defense of the principle of inclusion as the cornerstone of the production of a democratic and libertarian educational practice. It directly contests Presidential Decree n. 10,502, of September 30, 2020, temporarily suspended and establishing the new National Policy for Special Education as it is based on a fragile idea of ​​inclusion as the presence of students with disabilities in regular classrooms without taking in notes the profound and unavoidable transformations that the supposed inclusive denotes in the sense of enabling everyone to learn satisfactorily with a view to equal participation in society. Effectively including people with disabilities in schools requires curricular adjustments, didactic reconfigurations, construction of accessible spaces, but fundamentally presupposes the transformation of the way in which disability is conceived in the school field and that for a significant portion of time in our history was linked to a clinical perspective that took disability as a deficit. Against this conception, as false and narrow, the social model was interposed by demarcating disability as a social production and under the perspective that the limitations manifested in given impediments will unfold, when complemented by cultural tools, in endless educational possibilities and new forms of human development, reasoning that plays a transforming role in teaching practices and to which this work is linked.
Gloria Toledo Vega, ,
Published: 25 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
This work examines the factors that are considered relevant by in-service Spanish Language and Literature teachers for the assessment of the writing skills of non-Spanish-speaking Chilean secondary school students. The theoretical underpinnings that drive this study are related to evaluation as a learning tool, the principles for an effective assessment and the evaluation of writing skills in a foreign language. Namely, for this case study we interviewed two secondary in-service teachers to understand the factors that influence the evaluation of the writing skills of their Haitian students. The interviews were transliterated and analyzed using content analysis, which allowed for the emergence of thematic categories as well as the most relevant factors considered for assessment of written skills. These factors were analyzed in the light of the assessment literature and in relation to the Chilean educational context. The results point to the need to observe the strategies in-service teachers intuitively use to assess the written texts of their non-Spanish-speaking students and the necessity of incorporating teachers trained in multilingual education into multicultural classrooms, that can promote evaluation as a learning tool.
Francini Xavier Rossetti, Lo Wai Yee Winnie, Marina Vieira da Silva
Published: 22 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
To describe the meals consumed according to the degree of food and beverage processing and analyze the evidence on the process of replacing culinary preparations with ultra-processed foods. Meal consumption was described according to degree of food processing, using food consumption logs from 34,008 participants of the 2008-2009 Consumer Expenditure Survey. Meals were defined based on time of consumption and combination of foods and beverages from the NOVA classification system, thus categorized as: traditional (CP and/or processed foods), mixed (CP and/or processed foods and UPF) and ultra-processed (only UPF). Univariate linear regression analysis (p < 0.05) on meal consumption frequency from each category showed the average of 4.52 [CI: 4.48-4.55] meals, of which 2.63 [CI: 2.59-2.67] traditional meals, 1.32 [CI: 1.30-1.35] mixed meals and 0.56 [IC:0.54-0.58] ultra-processed meals. Higher frequency of mixed and ultra-processed meals was observed among women, as well as individuals with higher income, education level, age, residents of South and Southeast regions, and urban household status ((p<0,05). Ultra-processed foods were more commonly consumed alongside culinary preparations, as mixed meals.
Petruza Damaceno De Brito, Vanessa Resende Nogueira Cruvinel, Carla Pintas Marques,
Published: 22 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
This study aimed to analyze the sociodemographic profile, risk factors and health conditions of elderly collectors of recyclable material who worked in an open-air garbage dump, the Structural City Dump in the Federal District, Brazil. The study is cross-sectional and data were collected from a semi-structured instrument, in which sociodemographic, epidemiological and laboratory variables of the research participants were analyzed. The survey demonstrates great vulnerability of this group, highlighting gender differences such as: 64.6% were women, 46.2% were single, 60% reported brown color, 26.2% had more than 4 children, 33.8% had no education level , 52.3 hypertensive and of these 61.9% were women; 83.1% reported exposure to risks with sharp piercing material and 61.5% to contact with decomposing garbage; 56.9% reported accidents with cuts and perforations; 70.8% contact with rodents; 83.1% reported exposure to smoke. This study suggests that the implementation of public and health policies are important to this group, as well as awareness strategies in society, in order to guarantee safe working and living conditions for the health of this population.
Maria Isabel Dias, Adriana Assis Ferreira,
Published: 22 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
Given the strong growth of Higher Education in Brazil in the last three decades, characterized by the increase in the number of institutions, courses, enrollments and teaching functions, this article, resulting from a master's research, sought to identify, from the perspective of ten professors graduates who work in a large public university in Minas Gerais, how their professional teaching identity is constituted. A qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research was carried out. From the content analysis of the semi-structured interviews, five categories of analysis were arrived at: Teacher knowledge; Life's history; Insertion in the University and the student's profile; Some challenges and possibilities – the reality in the classroom and Beliefs about teacher professional identity. In this article we present subcategories of Teaching Knowledge. The analysis showed that the subjects recognize that the knowledge coming from the initial bachelor's degree courses are not able to understand all the complexity involved in the knowledge necessary for teaching. They also reveal the feeling that they need to be able to build new knowledge and give new meaning to the existing ones in their pedagogical practice. However, they reveal the inexistence of an institutional policy to support teachers that contemplates systematic actions that will fill their training deficit. Thus, understanding that the constitution of the professional teaching identity is subjective, but also collective, we conclude that it is essential that Higher Education Institutions turn their gaze to the continuing education of their teaching staff, in order to welcome and support teachers in their professional development.
Carla Andréa Brande,
Published: 22 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
This article aims to understand the studies that circulate in the academic world and deal with the training and monitoring of teachers in a period of professional insertion, systematizing researches in this specific area, in Brazilian universities, to map the existence of policies and proposals for monitoring these professionals. Therefore, a theoretical survey was carried out based on the consultation of theses in the CAPES Theses and Dissertations Catalog, defended between 2013 and 2017, using the search term “beginner teacher”. The survey, carried out in July 2018, resulted in the listing of 699 theses. Afterward, we started the process of reading the theses abstracts, trying to identify those that dealt with the training of teachers in a period of professional insertion, considering they have dealt with teachers at the beginning of their career, in Kindergarten and the early years of Elementary School; graduates from the Pedagogy course; and that disseminate training proposals prepared for those teachers. We arrived at four works which have dealt with the subject and stated that the proposals for monitoring teachers in the process of entering the career are fundamental for strengthening their confidence in the actions they develop, minimizing the impacts of the difficulties present in this period, and offering conditions and support so they don't give up on the profession. The verification of the small number of researches that deal with the monitoring of teachers in a period of insertion in the career reiterates the importance of proposals for training and monitoring these teachers.
Débora Côrtes, Jéssica De Cena, Letícia Marconatto, Maria Do Carmo Guimarães, Daniela Grisi, Laudimar De Oliveira, , Luiz Gustavo Borges,
Published: 22 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
Aims: This pilot study aimed to describe the majority and minority microbiota of saliva from individuals with advanced periodontitis, with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), correlating the relative abundance of microorganisms with clinical parameters. Material/Methods: Six individuals diagnosed with periodontitis were included and classified according to their diagnosis of T2D. Salivary pH, number of teeth with active caries lesions, number of remaining teeth, periodontal and glycemic parameters were evaluated. V4 region amplicons of the 16S rRNA from salivary DNA were sequenced at Ion PGM. Amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) were compared according to the clinical parameters. Results: Correlation showed eight low-abundant bacteria significantly correlated with co-variables, either positively or negatively. The periodontitis-associated bacteria followed the increasing pH and number of remaining teeth. Conclusions: This survey provided potential minority microbiota correlations with clinical parameters, such as number of remaining teeth, FBG, and salivary pH. The ubiquity of some low abundant microorganisms in individuals with advanced periodontitis, exposed or not to type 2 DM, can reveal microbial signatures not yet explored.
Published: 21 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
Objective: to estimate the prevalence of Complicated Surgical Wound (CSW) and to analyze the associated factors in hospitalized patients. Methodology: Epidemiological, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and secondary study, approved by the ethics committee, which used data previously collected from 775 patients admitted to seven public hospitals in the city of Manaus (AM) in Brazil. Clinical records, interviews, and physical examination were used as sources of information. Data from 251 patients undergoing surgery (at risk of CSW) were analyzed using the R Software for multivariate analysis with a significance level of 5%. Results: 15 patients (6%) had CSW. Male gender (p=0.016) and the presence of ecchymosis (p<0.001) increased the probability of developing the wound by 8.5 and 8 times, respectively (95%CI 1.6-156.9; p=0.04; 95%CI 2.6-24.9; p<0.001). Conclusions: A prevalence of CSW of 6% was identified in patients hospitalized in public institutions in the Brazilian Amazonas largest urban region, mainly men and with ecchymosis. The results contribute to a better understanding of the epidemiology of the condition, with important information for its prevention and early detection.
, Lihsieh Marrero, Bernardo Lessa Horta
Published: 21 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
Objective: To describe in-hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) case fatality rates due to COVID-19 in four Brazilian state capitals, during the months of epidemic peaks and previous months. Methods: This was an ecological study using monthly data from the Influenza Epidemiological Surveillance Information System, between 2020-2021, in individuals aged 20 years or older. Case fatality rate and mortality were estimated with 95% confidence intervals. Results: In Manaus, the capital city of the state of Amazonas, ICU case fatality rate among those >59 years old was lower in December/2020 (80.9% –95%CI 78.4;83.3) and during the peak in January/2021 (79.9% –95%CI 77.4;82.5), compared to the peak in April/2020 (88.2% –95%CI 86.1;90.3). In São Paulo, the capital city of the state of São Paulo, Curitiba, the capital city of the state of Paraná, and Porto Alegre, the capital city of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, there was a decrease or stability in ICU and in-hospital case fatality rate in January/2021, compared to the reference month in 2020. Conclusion: In January/2021, in-hospital and ICU case fatality rates decreased or remained stable in the four state capitals, especially in Manaus, and during the epidemic peak with the prevalence of the Gamma variant.
Gonzalo Romagnoli, Hector Mario Musacchio, Delfina Godano, María Florencia Cogliano, Federico Barbone, Hugo Juan Damián Miño, Florencia Debona
Published: 21 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
Background: At the end of 2019, a hitherto unknown coronavirus was identified in Wuhan (China) it was called SARS CoV-2 and the disease caused by it was named COVID-19. With the increase in cases an unusual manifestation for this type of virus began to appear: anosmia and dysgeusia, of uncertain etiology, which it could be an autonomic alteration, more precisely in the baroreflex. In this context, it seems likely that subclinical manifestations of baroreflex involvement occur. The regulation of the baroreflex is carried out by the vegetative nervous system through the balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic activity. The objective of this study is to verify whether patients with COVID-19 present alteration of this mechanism by means of ECG Holter recording Material and methods: the study design was cross-sectional, observational, descriptive, prospective inclusion and the sampling was non-probabilistic of convenience. Patients were included if they had a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 admitted to the Internal Medicine Service of JB Iturraspe Hospital in Santa Fe city, Argentina, in the period from May 10 to July 20, 2021. An ECG Holter recording was performed at rest for 5 minutes, determining the variables of the frequency domain using Fourier transform analysis through Kubios. Data are presented for frequency measures of HRV: low-frequency power (LF), and high-frequency power (HF) and normalized unit LFnu, HFnu. Were excluded patients with a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus of more than 5 years of evolution, medicated with beta-blockers or with a history of irradiation in the neck Results: 68 patients were studied. 62% were men 38% were women. The mean age was 48.9 ± 13.3 years. The median systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 120 mmHg (95 to 170) and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 80 mmHg (60 -110). The heart rate was 76 ± 13 beats per minute and the respiratory rate was 24 (16 to 40). Anosmia was observed in 22% (n = 15) and dysgeusia in 19% (n = 13). The variables of the analysis in the frequency domain were: LF 135.8 ms2 (13.7 - 2861.7); HF, 89.04 ms2 (4.14-5234.4), LFnu 57.57 ± 22.39, HFnu 43.18 ± 22.64. LF / HF ratio 2.1 ms2 ± 2.09. 41.2% (n = 28) of the patients had a high LF / HF ratio (> 2). Discussion: The high and low frequency components known as HF (High Frequency) representing predominantly parasympathetic function, and LF (Low Frequency) which is both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity; can be obtained through the analysis in the frequency domain. The relationship between these two elements would thus represent the sympatho-vagal balance and is expressed as the LF / HF ratio. We observed that 41.2% of the studied patients showed elevated LF / HF ratio Conclusion: The 41.2% of the patients hospitalized with COVID-19 presented with an increase in the LF / HF ratio and this result could be interpreted as an alteration in autonomic function.
Ellen Aniszewski, José Henrique
Published: 21 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
This article shows causes for the lack of interest of sixth and ninth grade students in physical education classes based on the satisfaction of Basic Psychological Needs (BPN), as well as by the interpretation of reasons given by students for being apart of subject classes. The sequential mixed method was used, in which the sample of initial phase of quantitative characteristic (extensive) was composed by 153 studentes, followed by the intensive phase, of qualitative nature, which had 12 students. The result show that girls feel less attended to their BPN when compared to boys, in sixth grade, with an emphasis on competence dimension, expanding to autonomy and relatedness in the ninth grade. In line with the research objectives, this study indicates that lack of ability (competence), lack of diversification of contents beyond popular coletive sports (competence/autonomy) and lack of opportunities to participate in decision-making (autonomy) are some of the reasons that lead to students disinterest in physical education classes.
Angélica Campos Nakamura, Guilherme Reis Ranieri
Agricultura Urbana: agroecologia, alimentação, saúde e bem-estar pp 57-98; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081198.0004

Angélica Campos Nakamura, Guilherme Reis Ranieri
Agricultura Urbana: agroecologia, alimentação, saúde e bem-estar pp 121-126; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081198.0006

Angélica Campos Nakamura, Guilherme Reis Ranieri
Agricultura Urbana: agroecologia, alimentação, saúde e bem-estar pp 15-32; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081198.0002

Angélica Campos Nakamura, Guilherme Reis Ranieri
Agricultura Urbana: agroecologia, alimentação, saúde e bem-estar pp 99-120; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081198.0005

Angélica Campos Nakamura, Guilherme Reis Ranieri
Agricultura Urbana: agroecologia, alimentação, saúde e bem-estar; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081198

Abstract:
O livro da coleção Temas em Saúde apresenta uma série de abordagens de diferentes áreas para apresentar as potencialidades da agricultura urbana e como ela se relaciona com a saúde e o bem-estar. O título busca mostrar, de forma didática, como assuntos diversos se relacionam com a agricultura urbana e quais são seus usos e práticas. Em quatro capítulos, os autores englobam temas como orgânicos e agroecologia, os principais impactos da agricultura convencional, as plantas alimentícias não convencionais e a relação entre hortas e políticas de promoção da saúde. A economia solidária e os diversos tipos de agricultura e sua importância na promoção da qualidade de vida também são assuntos levantados. A obra reúne ainda debates sobre as relações entre agricultura urbana, educação alimentar e educação ambiental, além de dicas para os leitores que querem começar e manter uma horta.
Angélica Campos Nakamura, Guilherme Reis Ranieri
Agricultura Urbana: agroecologia, alimentação, saúde e bem-estar pp 33-56; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081198.0003

Angélica Campos Nakamura, Guilherme Reis Ranieri
Agricultura Urbana: agroecologia, alimentação, saúde e bem-estar pp 7-14; https://doi.org/10.7476/9786557081198.0001

Erika Rivera Gutiérrez,
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
Higher Education Institutions involved efforts to plan, measure and improve their educational quality. However, improving quality requires valid and reliable information systems that allow to make decisions So, the purpose of paper is to present the context that keeps the systematization information in the quality assurance on higher education institutions, as one of the main trends of accreditation processes in their academic programs. Therefore, a qualitative methodological perspective with an exploratory-descriptive design was determined, based on scientific literature review, empirical evidences, supported by the case study method; where a procedure was established to make evident the existence of the problem statement. The findings revealed the need for higher education institutions on management of systematization information for quality assurance on their academic programs. Finally, a series of conclusions and recommendations are presented in this study.
Camila Soares Lopes, Suellen De Azevedo Moreira, Marcela De Come Ramos,
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
Anxiety in dental patients is a problem for both dental surgeons and patients. Thus, therapies that aim to control this anxiety and thus favor the patient's collaboration during treatment become factors frequently studied in search of the best alternative for this purpose. Therefore, the objective of this work is to review in the literature the use of herbal medicines in the control of dental anxiety. The bibliographic search was carried out in the databases ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Scielo, Pubmed, The Cochrane Library. 57 articles were included in this study. Research evidence points to Valeriana officinalis and Passiflora incarnata as the most studied herbal medicines for controlling anxiety and adverse effects. Studies prove the relative safety in the use of these drugs, as well as their effectiveness, low cost, less concentration of active ingredients with better effects and lesser side effects when compared to benzodiazepines. However, the use of these medicinal plants requires further clarification as to their real effectiveness, correct dosage and side effects in conscious sedation in Dentistry.
Isabela Birnfeld Troyack, Carin Vön Muhlen, ,
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental; https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-415220200158

Abstract:
RESUMO A representatividade da amostragem é fundamental para embasar a tomada de decisão, uma vez que a heterogeneidade da matriz é o principal fator para incerteza dos dados nos estudos de gerenciamento de áreas contaminadas. Neste estudo, coletaram-se 112 amostras de solo superficial em malha quadrada de 1 x 1 m, em uma área 15 x 6 m, no campus regional de Resende da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Anteriormente, no terreno funcionaram empresas de produção de filmes radiográficos e purificação de prata metálica. As amostras de solo foram analisadas por pXRF, método de screening para metais. Com base nos dados levantados, calculou-se, por meio de métodos estatísticos, a quantidade de amostras que permitiriam uma caracterização representativa da área, considerando um erro relativo de 20% para dois intervalos de confiança: 95 e 80%. As análises indicaram concentrações superiores aos valores de referência para os parâmetros prata, mercúrio, chumbo, selênio e zinco. Os resultados de mercúrio possivelmente referem-se a ruído espectral, não estando relacionados ao histórico de uso e ocupação. Os coeficientes de variação das concentrações dos elementos analisados variaram de 132 a 225%. Considerando uma distribuição lognormal, calcularam-se 76 amostras para o maior intervalo de confiança e 53 para o menor. Isso seria o equivalente a transectos com espaçamentos de 1,47 e 2,11 m. Os resultados ratificam a necessidade de investigações de alta resolução nas áreas fonte, conforme recomendado pela Decisão de Diretoria da Companhia Ambiental do Estado de São Paulo nº 038/2017/C (DD-038).
Gisely de Correa, Edmar Reis Thiengo
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
The guarantee of learning for people with disabilities has been a constant challenge in the process of promoting the school and social inclusion of these students. Considering literacy in its broad and cultural approach, mathematical literacy was the main focus of this research. This article presents the results of a single case study on the appropriation of the concept of decimal numbering system by a child with Down syndrome, from the perspective of the Theory of Planned Formation of Mental Actions and Concepts. The Theory of Planned Formation of Mental Actions and Concepts was developed by soviet psychologist Piotr Yakovlevich Galperin, observing historical-cultural psychology. To develop the research, we used the game "Ganha 100 Primeiro", proposed by notebook three of the National Literacy Program in the Right Age - Programa Nacional de Alfabetização na Idade Certa (PNAIC), exploring manipulative materials. Also included was the participation of two typical development colleagues of the class, each at different times. The potentialities of the subject with Down syndrome were considered. The potential of peer learning and the beneficial effect exerted by the presence of colleagues on the motivation of the student with Down syndrome were verified, mobilizing him to participate in the game.
Tchierly Oliveira, Dulcyene Ribeiro
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
This article presents a proposal for a teaching activity whose main objective is to address the concept of number with a view to the development of algebraic thinking in the early years of elementary school, from the theoretical perspective of the Historical-Cultural Theory and the Guiding Activity of Teaching. The teaching activity reported in this work was developed based on the children's literature “And the tooth still hurting” by Ana Terra and the didactic material known as the “Cuisenaire scale”. The proposal refers to the concept of number and the development of algebraic thinking, the teaching actions exposed can be explored as students of the 1st and 2nd year of elementary school. It is intended to dialogue about the teaching of algebra in the early years of elementary school and elucidate issues related to the development of algebraic thinking in this stage of schooling. It is concluded that for learning to occur, it must have meaning for the student, being suitable for those who are intended to be taught. Thus the development of algebraic thinking becomes possible, from the early years of elementary school, as long as it is properly organized.
Priscila Soares, Edilene Da Silva Ferreira,
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Abstract:
This article aims to analyze the Student Assistance Policies (Paes) and the professionals involved in their implementation at the Federal Institutes of Education, Science and Technology (IF) from an educational perspective. To this end the triangulation of a quantitative-qualitative approach was used to analyze the data obtained through documentary research. Information was obtained about the professionals and PAES of 31 institutes, in which the prediction of support services under a universal or exclusively selective perspective. There are 2,782 servers involved in Student Assistance (AE) to serve 473,897 students in the IF. There are a greater number, respectively, of student assistants, social workers, psychologists and pedagogues. 25 Paes that explicitly provided for universalist programs or actions were identified. However, for such policies to be effective, it is necessary that the number of professionals is sufficient to guarantee support services in a universal perspective. This aspect of action legitimizes, to Student Assistance professionals, their educating identity and needs to be incorporated by professionals in such a way that it is equally perceived by the academic community and effectively contributes to the development of the educational process.
Denise Martinhago, Janaína Fernanda Marcolin, Priscila Ramallo, Everton Coimbra de Araújo, André Sandmann, Paulo Cesar Tonin, Fabiana Costa de Araújo Schutz
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental; https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-41522020374

Abstract:
RESUMO Balanço hídrico é uma análise realizada com base em estudos sobre as entradas e saídas de água de uma bacia hidrográfica, e que tem grande importância por identificar o regime hidrológico e as possibilidades de utilização da bacia. Neste trabalho foi realizado o balanço hídrico de uma secção de bacia hidrográfica localizada no oeste do Paraná, em uma área de plantio de eucaliptos para corte, obtendo-se também os valores para o escoamento superficial por meio do método racional.
Maxwell Ferreira Lobato, Brenda Maria Martins Rodrigues, Andarair Gomes dos Santos
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental; https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-415220200261

Abstract:
RESUMO No presente trabalho foi realizada a estimativa das emissões dos gases de efeito estufa (CO2eq), monóxido de carbono (CO), óxido de nitrogênio (NOx), material particulado (MP), aldeído (RCHO) e hidrocarboneto não metano (NMHC) dos veículos licenciados nos cinco primeiro meses do ano de 2020 no Brasil. Os resultados foram comparados com as emissões veiculares da frota licenciada no mesmo período do ano de 2019 a fim de verificar o impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 nos referidos licenciamentos, nas emissões e, consequentemente, na qualidade do ar do país. Os resultados apontaram redução de 14% nas emissões dos gases de efeito estufa, com diminuição observada para todos os veículos, exceto para os caminhões semipesados, que tiveram incremento nas emissões de gases de efeito estufa de 12,8%. Os demais poluentes também reduziram, em 12,5% para o CO, em 29,6% para o NOx, em 24,1% para o MP, em 21,5% para o RCHO e em 16,3% para o NMHC. Por fim, quanto ao total de poluentes acumulados, entre todos os veículos analisados, os únicos que tiveram aumento nas emissões em relação a 2019, de 2,1%, foram as motocicletas com tecnologia flexfuel, que são abastecidas preferencialmente com etanol hidratado. Com isso, pôde-se concluir que a pandemia da COVID-19, por meio das medidas de restrição e isolamento social adotadas no país para frear a transmissão da doença, impactou positivamente a qualidade do ar no Brasil no período analisado.
Published: 18 October 2021
by SciELO
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental; https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-415220180180

Abstract:
Red mud, a waste product generated during alumina extraction from bauxite, could be used as a low-cost adsorbent. Here, the effect of thermal treatment on the adsorption of Reactive Blue 19 (RB19) dye by red mud was compared with the adsorption capacity of untreated red mud. Thermal treatment of red mud at 500°C results in an increase in adsorption capacity from 357 mg g-1 (untreated red mud) to 416 mg g-1, under acidic conditions. Red mud samples thermally treated at 600°C and 800°C show a reduction in adsorption capacity, however, falling to 337 mg g-1, in acid medium. The change in the maximum adsorption capacity of red mud to RB19 following thermal treatment is associated with specific surface area. Red mud subjected to 500°C can be used for the treatment of water and wastewaters with a higher efficiency than untreated red mud, thus finding possible application in the textile industry.
Thamires De Oliveira Fernandes, Adelson Marçal Rodrigues, , Deyse Yorgos de Lima,
Published: 15 October 2021
by SciELO
Brazilian Journal of Nephrology; https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-8239-jbn-2021-0086

Abstract:
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease characterized by hyperglycemia that leads to diabetic nephropathy (DN). We showed that P2X7, a purinergic receptor, was highly expressed in DM; however, when oxidative stress was controlled, renal NO recovered, and the activation of this receptor remained significantly reduced. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of NO on the P2X7 and apoptosis in mouse immortalized mesangial cells (MiMC) cultured in high glucose (HG) medium. Methods: MiMCs were cultured with DMEM and exposed to normal glucose (NG), mannitol (MA), or HG. Cell viability was assessed by an automated counter. Supernatants were collected for NO quantification, and proteins were extracted for analysis of NO synthases (iNOS and eNOS), caspase-3, and P2X7. Results: Cell viability remained above 90% in all groups. There was a significant increase in the proliferation of cells in HG compared to MA and NG. NO, iNOS, caspase-3, and P2X7 were significantly increased in HG compared to NG and MA, with no changes in eNOS. We observed that there was a strong and significant correlation between P2X7 and NO. Discussion: The main finding was that the production of NO by iNOS was positively correlated with the increase of P2X7 in MCs under HG conditions, showing that there is a common stimulus between them and that NO interacts with the P2X7 pathway, contributing to apoptosis in experimental DM. These findings could be relevant to studies of therapeutic targets for the prevention and/or treatment of hyperglycemia-induced kidney damage to delay DN progression.
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