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Völkerkunde zur NS-Zeit aus Wien (1938–1945), Volume 27/1,2,3; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw86700

Abstract:
Diese dreibändige Publikation mit 1739 Seiten und 42 Beiträgen widmet sich der Stellung der Völkerkunde aus Wien während der NS-Zeit, im Exil und im „Dritten Reich“. Im Fokus stehen institutionelle und biographische Netzwerke sowie ideengeschichtliche Aspekte. Dies bringt akademische Fachgeschichte vor dem Hintergrund der generellen sozio-politischen Zeitgeschichte im damaligen zentraleuropäischen, aber eben auch im internationalen Kontext, systematisch zur Darstellung. Das Spektrum umfasst dabei nicht nur die zentrale Völkerkunde/Ethnologie, sondern auch wichtige Nachbarfächer von physischer Anthropologie über Ur- und Frühgeschichte bis hin zu Volkskunde, Afrikanistik und Japanologie. Wesentliche Fragestellungen des Bandes sind ausgerichtet auf die Art von Forschungen der Völkerkunde in und aus Wien und auf deren Wechselbezüge zur jeweiligen Politik. Beleuchtet wird damit zum einen das Ausmaß der Beteiligungen an verbrecherischen Aktivitäten zur NS-Zeit, zum anderen inwieweit das Fach in Aktivitäten des Widerstands gegen das NS-Regime eingebunden war. Besonderes Augenmerk wurde auf die Herausarbeitung feiner Nuancen innerhalb der manchmal fließenden Übergänge zwischen Anpassung und Widerstand gelegt. Für die Bearbeitung der Beiträge, an denen28 Autor/inn/en mitwirkten, wurden insgesamt mehr als hundert verschiedene Archive in zehn Ländern genutzt. Publizierte oder selbst initiierte Interviews mit Zeitzeugen und Familien-Angehörigen ergänzten die Archivforschungen in einigen noch möglichen Fällen. Der Dreibänder bietet auch einen aussagekräftigen Index und mehr als 250 anschauliche Bildquellen, die der Öffentlichkeit zumeist erstmals zugänglich gemacht werden.
A demographic perspective on human wellbeing: Concepts, measurement and population heterogeneity, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.int01

Abstract:
This introduction to the 2021 special issue of the Vienna Yearbook of Population Research explores demographic perspectives on human wellbeing across time and space. While the idea of relating demographic parameters to wellbeing has been around for a while, a more concrete research agenda on this topic has only recently gained momentum. Reviewing the research presented in this volume, we show how existing theoretical concepts and methodological tools in demography can be used to make substantial advances in the study of wellbeing. We also touch upon the many challenges researchers face in defining and measuring wellbeing, with the most important debate being about whether the focus should be on objective or subjective measures. The studies discussed here define wellbeing as health and mortality; as income, education or other resources; as happiness or life satisfaction; or as a combination thereof. They cover wellbeing in historical and contemporary populations in high- and low-income countries, and also point out important barriers to research on wellbeing, including the lack of good quality data in many regions. Finally, we highlight the value of considering population heterogeneities when studying wellbeing in order to identify population subgroups who are likely to fall behind, which can have important policy implications.
, Gerd Valchars
Migration und Staatsbürgerschaft, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw88865

Abstract:
Internationale Migration führt dazu, dass Wohnbevölkerung und Staatsvolk zunehmend weniger übereinstimmen. Immer mehr Staatsbürger/innen leben außerhalb der Grenzen des Landes und ein wachsender Teil der Wohnbevölkerung besteht aus Nicht-Staatsbürger/innen. Wie groß diese Diskrepanzen sind, hängt nicht nur von Wanderungsbewegungen ab, sondern auch von den Regeln für den Erwerb und Verlust der Staatsangehörigkeit. Dieses Buch untersucht den Zusammenhang zwischen Migration, Staatsbürgerschaft und Wahlrecht aus rechtlicher, historischer, sozialwissenschaftlicher und demokratietheoretischer Perspektive. Die einzelnen Kapitel behandeln den Erwerb der Staatsbürgerschaft bei Geburt und durch Einbürgerung, den Verlust durch Verzicht oder staatliche Aberkennung, den staatlichen Umgang mit mehrfacher Staatsbürgerschaft und die Ausweitung von Wahlrechten für Nicht-Staatsbürger/innen. Im Vordergrund steht die österreichische Situation im internationalen Vergleich. Dabei zeigt sich, dass Österreich hinter anderen Einwanderungsstaaten bei der Öffnung der Staatsbürgerschaft für Immigranten und Immigrantinnen, der Akzeptanz von Doppelstaatsbürgerschaft und der Ausweitung von Wahlrechten weit zurückbleibt. Die Autoren argumentieren, dass der Zugang zur Staatsbürgerschaft und die Akzeptanz von Doppelstaatsbürgerschaften nicht nur für die Integration von Immigranten und Immigrantinnen von entscheidender Bedeutung ist, sondern auch für die Legitimität demokratischer Institutionen im Einwanderungsland Österreich.
Miroslav Šedivý
Si vis pacem, para bellum: The Italian Response to International Insecurity 1830-1848; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw87059

Abstract:
It was not after 1848 but actually before this revolutionary year that Europe witnessed the abusive proceedings perpetrated by the great powers which undermined the functionality of the post-Napoleonic international order. Even worse, their abuse of power in European and overseas affairs provoked a feeling of mistrust, pessimism and fear and led to discussions about the disappearing justice from the world among a considerable number of Europeans. By the 1840s, under the influence of various crises and conflicts members of the educated middle and upper middle classes in particular changed the way they judged and approached issues of international politics, justice, security and nation building. This process was all the more important in Italy since the search for greater security against external threats became the driving force in the spread of the idea to unite her politically from the Alps to the Sicily. This unity, along with well defensible frontiers, a strong army and navy and good material resources including colonial ones, was to ensure a more secure position within the system of European politics and thereby better prospects for a peaceful future according to the phrase Si vis pacem, para bellum. However, this power-oriented response to insecurity had devastating consequences for the generally shared desire to live in peace with other nations, represented by another aspiration deeply rooted in the national movement: to establish a better international order. To reveal this important process of pan-European dimension is the principal aim of this book, and the Italian arena of politics in 1830–1848 has been chosen to clarify this sea change in political behaviour.
Jarosław Czubaty, Hans-Henning Hahn, Leszek Kuk, , Ferdinand Opll, Miloš Řezník, Karin Schneider, Reinhard Stauber,
Die polnische Frage und der Wiener Kongress 1814–1815; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw85802

Abstract:
Nach der dritten Teilung von Polen-Litauen, die gleichzeitig den Untergang der alten Adelsrepublik bedeutete (1795), sowie in der Folge nach den napoleonischen Kriegen, wurde während des Wiener Kongresses (1814-1815) über die Zukunft der polnischen Gebiete im 19. Jahrhundert entschieden. Nach Napoleon Bonaparte wurde der russische Zar Alexander I. zur neuen Hoffnung der Polen, die von der Wiedererrichtung eines unabhängigen Staates träumten. Der Zar herrschte über das russische Teilungsgebiet, das gemäß den Bestimmungen des Wiener Kongresses nun auch als Königreich Polen bzw. „Kongresspolen“ bezeichnet wurde. Die in Wien vereinbarten Grenzen des unter den drei Teilungsmächten Russland, Preußen und Österreich aufgeteilten Landes hatten bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg Bestand. Die „polnische Frage“ während des Wiener Kongresses und ihre weitere Entwicklung nach dem Kongress werden im Band von Historikerinnen und Historikern aus Polen, Österreich, Deutschland und Tschechien erörtert. Abgerundet wird der Band durch ein Kapitel über den Wiener Kongress aus einer der ersten polnisch-sprachigen Beschreibungen Wiens. Diese Beschreibung wurde von Edward Lubomirski (1796-1823), einem Augenzeugen des Kongresses, verfasst. Der junge Lubomirski war während des Kongresses für die Botschaft des Russischen Zarenreichs in Wien tätig. Das letzte Kapitel aus seinem Werk, das 1821 in Warschau publiziert wurde, ist dem Wiener Kongress gewidmet. In dieser Publikation wird es erstmals dem deutschsprachigen Leserpublikum vorgestellt.
Wolfgang Lutz
Sustainable human wellbeing: What can demography contribute?, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.deb03

Abstract:
This note considers the role that demography as a discipline can play in addressing some of the key questions in the context of human wellbeing and sustainable development. Starting with the wellbeing function of sustainability science that tries to explain an indicator of human wellbeing as being determined by a set of capitals and explanatory factors, it gives an example of how the constituents of such a wellbeing indicator can be combined based on a demographic approach. It also highlights how a broadened view of demographic methodology that goes beyond the conventional focus on age and sex alone can help to make demography more relevant for studying the key challenges of humanity.
Brandbestattung und Bronzemetallurgie: Die Urnenfelderkultur in Niederösterreich (1300–800 v. Chr.); https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw82764

Abstract:
Die Urnenfelderkultur beendet die Epoche der Bronzezeit. Der Mensch wird im vorliegenden Band von seiner Umwelt über die Lebensweise bis hin zur Bestattung einer ausführlichen Betrachtung unterzogen. Niederösterreich wird als mitteleuropäisches Kerngebiet vorgestellt. Berücksichtigt werden die landschaftlichen und klimatischen Voraussetzungen sowie die kulturelle und wirtschaftliche Bedeutung dieser Epoche. Den aktuellen Forschungsstand darzustellen und Grenzen und Möglichkeiten der Interpretation archäologischer Phänomene aufzuzeigen ist ein zentrales Anliegen des interdisziplinär arbeitenden Teams. Ab dem 13. Jh. v. Chr. begann ein klimatisch begünstigter Zeitabschnitt, der einen Anstieg der Bevölkerungszahl mit sich bringt. In Mitteleuropa bildete sich eine neue Kulturgruppe, in der die Leichenverbrennung vorherrschte und deshalb Urnenfelderkultur genannt wird. Die bäuerliche Wirtschaftsweise war weiterhin das prägende gesellschaftliche Element. Die Haushalte waren charakterisiert durch eine ausgeprägte Vielfalt an Keramikformen und -verzierungen. Es war ein Zeitabschnitt, in dem das Bronzehandwerk seinen Höhepunkt erfuhr. Weitreichende Handelsbeziehungen und befestigte Zentralsiedlungen sind Beispiele für den Wohlstand am Ende der Bronzezeit. Nicht zuletzt wurden in dieser Zeit die ersten Eisengegenstände geschaffen, die die Wende zur Eisenzeit einleiteten.
Hrach Martirosyan
Iranisches Personennamenbuch Band V/Faszikel 3: Iranische Namen in Nebenüberlieferungen Indogermanischer Sprachen, Volume 912; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw88087

Abstract:
The Iranian element is the largest layer of the Armenian borrowed lexicon. It comprises a period of more than 2.500 years starting from pre-Achaemenid times up to the modern period. Also the number of Armenian personal names of Iranian origin is quite large, roughly estimated one quarter of all Armenian personal names. The Armenian evidence is of vital importance for completing the Iranian onomasticon. In many cases, Middle Persian and Parthian namesakes of Armenian personal names are not directly attested. Besides, Armenian helps to determine the exact shape of Iranian names. The present fascicle of the "Iranisches Personennamenbuch" aims to collect and etymologically interpret all the Iranian personal names, which are attested in Armenian texts up to 1300 CE. Occasionally, it also comprises names that are attested at a later stage but are likely to belong to earlier periods, as well as younger forms that are related with older names and are therefore relevant for the philological or etymological discussion of the latter. The volume comprises 872 entries and includes (1) names of Iranian people of various kinds (kings, queens, princes, generals, etc.) that occur in Armenian texts, and (2) names of Iranian origin that were/are borne by Armenian people. It includes a huge range of new etymologies or corrected versions of pre-existing etymologies, as well as new names and corrected forms of names discovered in critical texts and voluminous corpora of inscriptions and colophons of Armenian manuscripts that have not been available for earlier researchers of the Armenian onomastics.
Dilek Yıldız, Hilal Arslan, Alanur Çavlin
Understanding women’s well-being in Turkey, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res2.3

Abstract:
The results of empirical studies focusing on gender differences in subjective wellbeing based on either national or comparative international data are inconclusive. In Turkey, where levels of gender inequality are high, women tend to report higher levels of life satisfaction than men. This study investigates the relationship between factors related to women’s empowerment and life satisfaction for both ever-married and never-married women using the 2018 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS), which collected data on life satisfaction for the first time in a TDHS series. The results show that in addition to their material resources and living environment, factors related to women’s agency – i.e., education and participation in decisionmaking – are associated with women’s levels of life satisfaction.
Tribes in Modern Yemen: An Anthology, Volume 531; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw86199

Abstract:
In Yemen, “tribe” is a historically rooted, emic concept of social representation. Rooted in remotest antiquity, over the last centuries the concept of tribe in Yemen has undergone transformations, but also featured aspects of continuity. Today, with the emergence of massive political change, the eruption of popular uprisings, armed conflicts, external military intervention and the associated weakness of the state, tribalism seems to be gaining in importance once again, filling the void created by a retreating state. This collective volume explores the longevity and diversity of manifestations of tribalism in present-day Yemen. It aims at updating and rethinking research on tribes and tribalism in Yemen and providing new input for the discussion of tribalism in contemporary Middle East.
Ioannis D. Polemis, Theodora Antonopoulou
Vitae et Miracula Sancti Christoduli Patmensis, Volume 56; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw86717

Abstract:
The Greek dossier on St. Christodoulos, founder of the monastery of Patmos (1088), consists of four texts, three vitae and a narrative of a miracle, all written within roughly two centuries after the saint’s death by brethren of his monastic community. They are not only important for the reconstruction of the course of life of one of the most famous Byzantine saints, but they are also a unique source for the political and social history of Byzantium and the Eastern Mediterranean from the late 11th to the 13th century. Despite their great importance, these texts have remained almost unknown until today because they are contained in a 19th century edition that is hardly accessible any more and was intended exclusively for the monks and visitors of the John Prodromos Monastery. The new critical edition, which is accompanied by a critical and exhaustive apparatus of sources as well as an index of personal names and of all passages of previous authors quoted or referred to in the texts, will be appreciated by historians and literary scholars alike. Historians will now have at their disposal an important source for the history of the Comnenian period and beyond, while scholars interested in Byzantine literature will have the opportunity to examine in depth four important and rather complex documents, which offer three different visions of the phenomenon of sanctity in Byzantium at the eve of the Fourth Crusade. The introduction discusses several literary, historical and text-critical aspects of the dossier. Extensive summaries in English make these texts available to a wider audience for the first time.
Farid Flici, Nacer-Eddine Hammouda
Mortality evolution in Algeria: What can we learn about data quality?, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res1.3

Abstract:
Mortality in Algeria has declined significantly since the country declared its independence in 1962. This trend has been accompanied by improvements in data quality and changes in estimation methodology, both of which are scarcely documented, and may distort the natural evolution of mortality as reported in official statistics. In this paper, our aim is to detect these methodological and data quality changes by means of the visual inspection of mortality surfaces, which represent the evolution of mortality rates, mortality improvement rates and the male-female mortality ratio over age and time. Data quality problems are clearly visible during the 1977–1982 period. The quality of mortality data has improved after 1983, and even further since the population census of 1998, which coincided with the end of the civil war. Additional inexplicable patterns have also been detected, such as a changing mortality age pattern during the period before 1983, and a changing pattern of excess female mortality at reproductive ages, which suddenly appears in 1983 and disappears in 1992.
Is educational wellbeing associated with grade repetition and school dropout rates among Indian students? Evidence from a panel study, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res5.2

Abstract:
Despite the Indian government’s continuing efforts to encourage children to attend school, levels of educational wellbeing among some groups of children during their elementary schooling remain low. High school dropout and grade repetition rates are among the negative and deleterious outcomes of poor educational wellbeing in children that are rarely discussed as policy issues. Using the panel dataset of the India Human Development Survey (IHDS) conducted in 2005 and 2012, this study explores the effects of educational wellbeing on children’s later educational outcomes, as measured by their school dropout and grade repetition rates. Variation in the educational outcomes of children across states was also examined. The results show that the children whose educational wellbeing index was below average during their elementary schooling were more likely to drop out of school or repeat a grade in early adolescence. For policymakers, this study highlights that the experiences of children during their elementary schooling merit more attention.
Thananon Buathong, Anna Dimitrova, Paolo Miguel M. Vicerra, Montakarn Chimmamee
Years of Good Life: An illustration of a new well-being indicator using data for Thailand, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.dat.1

Abstract:
While Thailand has achieved high levels of economic growth in recent decades, poverty at the local level has been increasing. Indicators of human development at the national level often mask the differences in well-being across communities. When responding to the need for sustainable development research, the heterogeneity of a population should be emphasised to ensure that no one is left behind. The Years of Good Life (YoGL) is a well-being indicator that demonstrates the similarities and differences between subpopulations in a given sociocultural context over time. The data used in this analysis were collected from Chiang Rai and Kalasin, which are provinces located in regions of Thailand with high poverty rates. Our main results indicate that the remaining years of good life (free from physical and cognitive limitations, out of poverty and satisfied with life) at age 20 among the sample population were 26 years for women and 28 years for men. The results varied depending on the indicators applied in each dimension of YoGL. Our analysis of the YoGL constituents indicated that cognitive functioning was the dimension that decreased the years of good life the most in the main specification. This study demonstrates the applicability of the YoGL methodology in investigating the wellbeing of subpopulations.
Effects of income inequality on COVID-19 infections and deaths during the first wave of the pandemic: Evidence from European countries, Volume 2022; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2022.res1.1

Abstract:
Evidence from research on infectious diseases suggests that income inequality is related to higher rates of infection and death in disadvantaged population groups. Our objective is to examine whether there was an association between income inequality and the numbers of cases and deaths during the first wave of the COVID- 19 pandemic in European countries. We determined the duration of the first wave by first smoothing the number of daily cases, and then using a LOESS regression to fit the smoothed trend. Next, we estimated quasi-Poisson regressions. Results from the bivariate models suggest there was a moderate positive association between the Gini index values and the cumulated number of infections and deaths during the first wave, although the statistical significance of this association disappeared when controls were included. Results from multivariate models suggest that higher numbers of infections and deaths from COVID-19 were associated with countries having more essential workers, larger elderly populations and lower health care capacities.
Mario Schwarz, Tibor Rostás
Die Capella Speciosa in Klosterneuburg 2. Teil: Vergleichende Studien zur Pfalzkapelle Herzog Leopolds VI. von Österreich, Volume 18; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw78378

Abstract:
The Capella Speciosa has to be seen as an exportation of the type of Gothic architecture that characterised the architecture of the royal court in France at the time. As the work of French architects, the chapel occupies a unique position within the medieval architecture of Austria. The close similarities to the choir chapels of the cathedral at Reims and the details found in the cathedral at Auxerre enable a precise dating. If we trace the development of chapels in France, we see that there was a distinct intensification of architectural narratives at that time. The veneration of relics in private devotion went from being a mere testament to scholasticism to being a mystical experience. The Capella Speciosa thus has to be understood in the same way as the French Saintes-Chapelles. Its refined structures, like the walkway in which relics were displayed, the exquisite nature of the building materials and the quality of the architectural sculptures combined to facilitate a more spiritual form of veneration within an all-encompassing work of art. For Duke Leopold VI, the Capella Speciosa was not only a magnificent shrine in which to house his collection of relics but was also a place in which he experienced a mystical beatific vision. In the second part of this book, French works of architecture built near the royal court in Hungary are presented, in which High Gothic forms can be discerned from as early as around 1220. Is there a connection between these central European works of architecture? What historical circumstances led to them being built? What do we know about the people who commissioned the buildings and the master builders? What do the connections between the structural elements and the details reveal? And what does the mysterious figure of Villard de Honnecort and his momentous journey to Hungary have to do with all of this? Tibor Rostás explores the subject in nine chapters, taking a variety of approaches. The appendix to the book contains a summary of the results of research into red marble.
Human costs of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in the major epicentres in Italy, Volume 2022; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2022.res2.1

Abstract:
Deaths from COVID-19 can be miscounted due to under-reporting and inaccurate death registration. Mortality is often reported at the national level, which can result in the underestimation of the true scale of the impact of the pandemic since outbreaks tend to be localised. This study exploits all-cause daily death registration data provided by the Italian Statistical Office (ISTAT) from 1 January to 31 October to estimate the excess mortality and the corresponding changes in life expectancy during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Focusing on the five most severely hit provinces in Italy (Bergamo, Brescia, Cremona, Lodi and Piacenza), we calculate the excess mortality in 2020 compared to the average mortality of the years 2015 to 2019. Moreover, we estimate the excess mortality in the first quadrimester of 2020, and the annual life expectancy at birth. The estimated excess deaths show that during this period, mortality was significantly higher than the official mortality statistics for COVID-19. According to our estimates for the first quadrimester, life expectancy in the five provinces declined by 5.4 to 8.1 for men and by 4.1 to 5.8 years for women. In addition, we find that annual life expectancy decreased by 2.4 to 4.1 years for men and by 1.9 to 2.8 years for women compared to the 2015–2019 average. Thus, we conclude that the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic had a substantial impact on population health in the hardest hit areas in Italy.
Gabriela Schmidt-Wyklicky
Ernst Fuchs und die Weltgeltung der Wiener Ophthalmologischen Schule um 1900, Volume 69; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw86021

Abstract:
Die vorliegende Publikation von Gabriela Schmidt-Wyklicky stellt die erste umfassende wissenschaftliche Monographie über Ernst Fuchs (1851–1930) dar, den bedeutendsten österreichischen Ophthalmologen an der Wende vom 19. zum 20 Jahrhundert. Durch seine pathohistologischen Forschungsarbeiten und seine innovative, internationale Lehrtätigkeit sowie durch sein epochales Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde, das ins Englische, Französische, Italienische, Russische, Japanische und Chinesische übersetzt wurde, genoss Fuchs weltweit höchstes Ansehen. Dadurch führte Fuchs die Wiener Ophthalmologische Schule innerhalb seines Fachgebietes durch fünf Jahrzehnte zur internationalen Führungsposition.
Die mittelalterlichen Handschriften in der Bibliothek des Augustiner Chorherrenstiftes Neustift, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw86250

Abstract:
Das 1142 gegründete Augustiner Chorherrenstift Neustift verwahrt heute 92 mittelalterliche Handschriften. Diese wurden von einem interdisziplinären Expertenteam nach den Richtlinien der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften erstmalig umfassend erschlossen. Der sämtliche kodikologische Aspekte berücksichtigende Katalog wird ergänzt durch eine umfangreiche Einleitung, Register und Anhänge. Zumal etwa 50 Handschriften seit 1809 an der Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Tirol in Innsbruck aufbewahrt werden, versteht sich die Publikation als wesentlicher Beitrag zur virtuellen Zusammenführung des einstigen Neustifter Bestandes sowie als wichtige Grundlagenarbeit für weiterführende Forschungen.
Bernhard Riederer, Nina-Sophie Fritsch, Lena Seewann
Singles in the city: happily ever after?, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res3.2

Abstract:
More people than ever are living in cities, and in these cities, more and more people are living alone. Using the example of Vienna, this paper investigates the subjective well-being of single households in the city. Previous research has identified positive and negative aspects of living alone (e.g., increased freedom vs. missing social embeddedness). We compare single households with other household types using data from the Viennese Quality of Life Survey (1995–2018). In our analysis, we consider overall life satisfaction as well as selected dimensions of subjective wellbeing (i.e., housing, financial situation, main activity, family, social contacts, leisure time). Our findings show that the subjective well-being of single households in Vienna is high and quite stable over time. While single households are found to have lower life satisfaction than two-adult households, this result is mainly explained by singles reporting lower satisfaction with family life. Compared to households with children, singles are more satisfied with their financial situation, leisure time and housing, which helps to offset the negative consequences of missing family ties (in particular with regard to single parents).
Josef Kohlbacher, Sabine Bauer-Amin, Marie Lehner, Maria Six-Hohenbalken
COVID 19 im Flucht und Integrationskontext; https://doi.org/10.1553/ror-n_plattform_vol_01(2)

Punta di Zambrone I, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw86151

Abstract:
This monograph presents a significant portion of the scientific results of the archaeological excavations at the Bronze Age settlement site of Punta di Zambrone on the Tyrrhenian coast of Calabria (southern Italy). These excavations were conducted from 2011 to 2013 in an Italian-Austrian cooperation. The book is the first in a series dedicated to the final publication of those excavations and focuses on the later part of the settlement history (13th–12th cent. BCE). Major topics include the topography of the site (including a harbour bay), its chronology, investigations into the economic basis of the Bronze Age society and its local, regional and interregional interactions. The new data from Punta di Zambrone are evaluated in comparison with new research results from coeval sites in Italy and Greece, which forms the basis for a historical contextualization of the settlement and thus contributes to the broader reconstruction of Mediterranean history at the end of the second millennium BCE. These coeval sites are presented by their excavators or investigators. The authors conducted geophysical and bathymetric surveys as well as underwater archaeological investigations, typological analyses of artefacts, a definition of the relative and absolute chronology, archaeobotanic and archaeozoological studies, aDNA analysis, Sr isotope analyses on human and animal teeth, chemical and Pb isotope analyses on metal artefacts, provenance analyses of pottery vessels, amber and stone artefacts (from Zambrone and other sites).
Werner Jobst
Das Heiligtum des Jupiter Optimus Maximus auf dem Pfaffenberg/Carnuntum, Volume 41/3; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw83990

Abstract:
Das Hainburger Hügelland, auch Hainburger Pforte genannt, und die westlich gelegene Hochfläche bis Petronell-Carnuntum und Wildungsmauer zählen aufgrund ihres geographischen und historischen Profils zu den ergiebigsten Forschungslandschaften entlang der Donau. So auch der Pfaffenberg, jene heute als Steinbruch dienende Anhöhe der Hainburger Berge, die ehemals als Tempelberg die römische Militärbasis und Provinzhauptstadt überragte. Carnuntum, diese politische, militärische, wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Drehscheibe Roms am Schnittpunkt des Donaulimes und der Bernsteinstraße, benötigte neben vielen anderen städtebaulichen Einrichtungen des religiösen Alltags ein besonders wahrnehmbares Zentrum des Staatskultes, welches die römische Bürgerschaft seit der Gründung der Grenzniederlassung auf der 320–330 m hohen Anhöhe des Pfaffenberges etablierte. Jupiter Optimus Maximus, u. a. Schutzgott der Territorialgrenzen und Garant politischer Verträge, die kapitolinische Trias (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva), die Göttlichkeit des Herrschers und andere Numina der Staatsreligion standen im Mittelpunkt der gottesdienstlichen Aktivitäten. Obwohl seit jeher bekannt, wurden erst in den späten 1960er Jahren durch Hermann Vetters systematische Flächengrabungen eingeleitet, mit welchen die Ruinen dieses großen Tempelbezirks vor seiner Vernichtung durch den Steinbruch am Pfaffenberg aufgedeckt und erforscht wurden, und das noch vorhandene Kultinventar gerettet und evakuiert werden konnte. Aus einer ursprünglich vorgesehenen Kontrollgrabung gingen langjährige Rettungsgrabungen (rescue excavations) mit teilweise dramatischem Verlauf hervor, deren Ergebnisse in diesem Werk vorgestellt und ausführlich diskutiert werden.
Erich Striessnig, Claudia Reiter, Anna Dimitrova
Global improvements in Years of Good Life since 1950, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res1.2

Abstract:
Human well-being at the national aggregate level is typically measured by GDP per capita, life expectancy or a composite index such as the HDI. A more recent alternative is the Years of Good Life (YoGL) indicator presented by Lutz et al. (2018; 2021). YoGL represents a refinement of life expectancy in which only those person-years in a life table are counted that are spent free from material (1), physical (2) or cognitive limitations (3), while being subjectively perceived as satisfying (4). In this article, we present the reconstruction of YoGL to 1950 for 140 countries. Since life expectancy – as reported by the UN World Population Prospects in fiveyearly steps – forms the basis of our reconstruction, the presented dataset is also available on a five-yearly basis. In addition, like life expectancy, YoGL can be flexibly calculated for different sub-populations. Hence, we present separate YoGL estimates for women and men. Due to a lack of data, only the material dimension can be reconstructed based directly on empirical inputs since 1950. The remaining dimensions are modelled based on information from the more recent past.
Marina Zannella, Alessandra De Rose
Fathers’ and mothers’ enjoyment of childcare: the role of multitasking, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res3.3

Abstract:
Using data from the latest edition of the Italian Time Use Survey (ITUS, 2013–2014), we analyse 31,309 childcare episodes to investigate the relationship betweenmultitasking (i.e., the combination of childcare with housework tasks) and parents’enjoyment of the time they spent on childcare, with a gender perspective. To this end,we rely on information from the episode enjoyment scores the respondents used toevaluate the degree of (un)pleasantness associated with the different activities theyrecorded in a daily diary. These episode enjoyment scores are a novelty in the ITUS,and provide a unique measure of the respondents’ momentary assessments of theirsubjective well-being. Our results highlight the existence of a negative relationshipbetween multitasking and parental well-being when spending time on childcare forboth mothers and fathers, regardless of the nature of the childcare activity theywere performing (i.e., routine or recreational childcare). Our findings add to priorresearch by shedding new light on the role of multitasking as a relevant contextualcharacteristic of care that affects the well-being of fathers, as well as of mothers.
Marília R. Nepomuceno, Vanessa di Lego, Cássio M. Turra
Gender disparities in health at older ages and their consequences for well-being in Latin America and the Caribbean, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res2.1

Abstract:
Women live longer but can expect to spend more years in poorer health compared to men. In the context of population aging and declining gender ratios at older ages, there are increasing concerns about how this disadvantage in female health will affect well-being and sustainability, particularly in developing regions that are rapidly aging. Our study compares differences in health expectancies at older ages for men and women in order to assess gender disparities in health.We use data from the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean to decompose the gender gap into total and age-specific mortality and disability effects in seven cities in the region. Our results show that at older ages, higher disability rates among women reduced the gender gap in healthy life expectancy by offsetting women’s mortality advantage. In addition, we find that women’s mortality advantage decreased almost systematically with age, which reduced the contribution of the mortality effect to the gender gap at older ages. Although the gender gap in health followed a similar pattern across the region, its decomposition into mortality and disability effects reveals that there was substantial variation among cities. Thus, across the region, the implications of the gender gap in health for well-being vary, and the policies aimed at reducing this gap should also differ.
Anna Barbuscia, Chiara Comolli
Gender and socioeconomic inequalities in health and wellbeing across age in France and Switzerland, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res2.2

Abstract:
There is increasing evidence that wellbeing is unequally distributed across sociodemographicgroups in contemporary societies. However, less is known about thedivergence across social groups of trajectories of wellbeing across age groups.This issue is of great relevance in contexts characterised by changing populationstructures and growing imbalances across and within generations, and in whichensuring that everyone has the opportunity to have a happy and healthy life courseis a primary welfare goal. In this study, we investigate wellbeing trends in Franceand Switzerland across age, gender, and socioeconomic status groups. We use twohousehold surveys (the Sant´e et Itin´eraires Professionnels and the Swiss HouseholdPanel) to compare the unfolding inequalities in health and wellbeing across agegroups in two rich countries. We view wellbeing as multidimensional, followingthe literature highlighting the importance of considering different dimensions andmeasures of wellbeing. Thus, we investigate a number of outcomes, includingdifferent measures of physical and mental health, as well as of relational wellbeing,using a linear regression model and a linear probability model. Our findings showinteresting country and dimension-specific heterogeneities in the development ofhealth and wellbeing over age. While our results indicate that there are gender andeducational inequalities in both Switzerland and France, and that gender inequalitiesin mental health accumulate with age in both countries, we also find that educationalinequalities in health and wellbeing remain rather stable across age groups.
Bernard Harris
Anthropometric history and the measurement of wellbeing, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.rev02

Abstract:
It has often been recognised that the average height of a population is influencedby the economic, social and environmental conditions in which it finds itself, andthis insight has inspired a generation of historians to use anthropometric data toinvestigate the health and wellbeing of past populations. This paper reviews someof the main developments in the field, and assesses the extent to which heightremains a viable measure of historical wellbeing. It explores a number of differentissues, including the nature of human growth; the impact of variations in diet andexposure to disease; the role of ethnicity; the relationships between height, mortalityand labour productivity; and the “social value” of human stature. It concludes that,despite certain caveats, height has retained its capacity to act as a “mirror” of theconditions of past societies, and of the wellbeing of their members.
Richard E. Lucas
Comparing global reports of subjective well-being to experiential measures, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.rev01

Abstract:
Subjective well-being (SWB) is an overall evaluation of the quality of a person’slife from his or her own perspective. One common method of assessing thisconstruct requires respondents to think about their life as a whole and to providea “global” evaluation that summarizes across life domains or affective experiencesover extended periods of time. The validity of these global measures has beenchallenged, however; and experiential measures, which ask respondents to reporton their momentary evaluative experiences many times over a constrained timeperiod, have been suggested as a more valid alternative. This paper addresses theempirical evidence for one important challenge to global measures: the possibilitythat temporarily salient information overwhelmingly influences global judgments,reducing their reliability and validity. This paper critiques prior evidence for thischallenge and presents new concerns about the assumed validity of the proposedalternative: experiential measures.
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum Österreich. Beiheft 3 - Griechische Vasen als Medium für Kommunikation. Ausgewählte Aspekte, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw84638

Abstract:
In dem vorliegenden Symposienband wird thematisiert, ob die Vasen, die eine wichtige Ware sowohl für den lokalen Handel als auch für den Export darstellten, darüber hinaus auch noch als Träger für spezifische Botschaften genutzt wurden und als Medium der Kommunikation zum Einsatz kamen. Der Vasenmaler spielte dabei eine bedeutende Rolle. Die Themen wurden mit Sorgfalt ausgewählt. Zeitlich und geographisch decken die Beiträge Beispiele der geometrischen Werkstätten, der archaischen und klassischen Produktionen von Athen, Korinth, Böotien, Euböa ab und widmen sich auch weiteren griechischen Landschaften sowie der Keramik Etruriens, der Magna Graecia und Siziliens. Fundorte der iberischen Halbinsel und des nördlichen Alpenraums werden ebenso besprochen.
Daniel Brandenburg
Die Operisti als kulturelles Netzwerk, Volume 10/8; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw88988

Abstract:
Die italienische Oper war im 18. Jahrhundert in ganz Europa präsent und ein kulturelles Medium, das Höfe, Herrschafts- und Handelszentren von Neapel bis nach St. Petersburg miteinander verband. Ihre Erforschung als europäisches Phänomen orientierte sich bisher vor allem an Komponisten, Partituren und Orten, weniger an dem künstlerischen Personal. Nachdem nun jüngere Untersuchungen gezeigt haben, dass die Werkhaftigkeit der italienischen Opern viel stärker als bis dato angenommen von dem Moment der jeweiligen Aufführung geprägt war, erweist sich eine solche Perspektive als unzureichend. Sänger, Tänzer, Musiker, Librettisten und Kapellmeister (nicht unbedingt der Komponist selbst) ließen ein Opernwerk durch eigenes schöpferisches Wirken jeden Abend neu erstehen und passten es in einem stetigen Wandlungsprozess immer wieder an die Bedingungen der jeweiligen Aufführung an. Ferner trugen die Opernkünstler als lokal nicht gebundene Kooperativen (Wanderensembles), aber auch als Einzelpersonen in wechselnden Engagements wesentlich dazu bei, dass das Produkt Oper überall gespielt werden konnte – auf der Basis eines gut funktionierenden Netzwerks und Kommunikationssystems. Mit dem Buch wird die um die Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts und im Umfeld der Opernunternehmung Pietro Mingottis entstandene Korrespondenz des Musikerpaares Franz und Marianne Pirker erstmals in einer kommentierten Edition vorgelegt. Sie beleuchtet den italienischen Opernbetrieb unter dem Aspekt der Künstler, ihrer jeweiligen Lebens- und Berufsbedingungen, ihres sozialen Umfeldes und ihrer Integration in gesellschaftliche Strukturen sowie ihrer Karrierestrategien zwischen Mobilität und Sesshaftigkeit.
(Social) Place and Space in Early Mycenaean Greece, Volume 528; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw88544

Abstract:
The Mycenaean culture of Greece (ca. 1700–mid-11th century BC) has left an outstanding material legacy in terms of buildings and artefacts. For a long time, its exploration has focused on palaces and funerary monuments. However, in recent years the state of research has changed significantly, opening up new perspectives for a broader understanding of the emergence of Mycenaean culture in the 17th to 15th centuries B.C. The contributions in this volume provide new information, either insights from recent fieldwork, the fresh analysis of key assemblages, or more comprehensive comparative studies that, by examining settlements and tombs alike, open up new perspectives on the emergence of a new social order.
Felix Bittmann
Academic track mismatch and the temporal development of well-being and competences in German secondary education, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res5.1

Abstract:
Formal education is one of the most influential predictors of professional success. As parents in Germany are aware of the importance of education, they often try to enable their children to enrol in the prestigious academic schooling track (Gymnasium). This explains why the transition recommendation made by the teacher after the fourth grade is sometimes ignored if the desired track was not recommended for a particular student. How the mismatch between the teacher’s recommendation and the parents’ choice of schooling for their child affects the child’s development is not sufficiently known. It is very likely that such a mismatch can have consequences for the child’s well-being, competences and overall academic success. Based on five consecutive panel waves of German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) data (waves 1 to 5, collected between 2010 and 2016) (n = 2;790 in wave 1), our analyses demonstrate that social background and the probability of ignoring a teacher’s recommendation are associated, and that highly educated parents are more likely to overrule the teacher’s recommendation. Panel regression models show that pupils who pursued the academic track (Gymnasium) despite the absence of a teacher’s recommendation were more likely to drop out of the academic schooling track, and were not able to catch up with their peers with respect to both objective and subjective academic competences over the entire observation window. However, the models also show that academic track mismatch did not seem to negatively influence the health and well-being of these pupils.
Schöne Wissenschaften, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw86427

Abstract:
„Schöne Wissenschaften“ macht die kunst- und naturwissenschaftlichen Sammlungen unter Kaiser Joseph II. (reg. 1765–1790) zum Ausgangspunkt weitreichender Fragen zur Sammlungsgeschichte, zum Öffentlichkeits- und Wissenschaftsverständnis im Wien der Aufklärung. Über das Sammlungswesen hinausgehend, widmen sich die Beiträge des Buches auch den zahlreichen Initiativen, die sich zur gleichen Zeit programmatisch mit dem Verwissenschaftlichen, Systematisieren und Ordnen auseinandersetzten, und Impulse für die Ordnung und Präsentation der kaiserlichen Sammlungen lieferten. Aus Perspektive des Sammelns, Ordnens und Präsentierens wird ergründet, inwieweit die josephinischen Sammlungen die Ideen der Aufklärung bündeln, vermitteln und popularisieren, und sie so zu Wissens- und Erkenntnisorten werden.
Robert Wallisch
KKW. Kommentierter Katalog der alten Drucke in der Wiener Sammlung Woldan, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw85505

Abstract:
Der vorliegende kommentierte Katalog der ältesten Buchbestände der „Wiener Sammlung Woldan“ zum Thema Geographica und Reiseliteratur von 1481–1630 umfasst über 250 Titel, die hier der Systematik und Aufstellung der physischen Sammlung folgend in geographisch zusammenhängenden Abschnitten vorgestellt werden. Dem identifikatorischen ersten Teil der Katalogisate folgen konzise Bemerkungen zu Inhalt sowie geographie-historischer und literarischer Bedeutung des Textes. Den Abschluss bilden Kurzbiographien der an der Entstehung des Bandes beteiligten Personen. Im Anhang finden sich Indices zu den Werktiteln sowohl in Ansetzungs- als auch in Vorlageform, eine chronologische Liste der Inkunabeln und Postinkunabeln sowie ein Index nominum.
Peter J. Spiro
Dual Citizenship and Naturalisation, Volume 910, pp 81-96; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw87752_chapt04

Abstract:
Dual citizenship was once the bane of states and individuals. Today, a clear majority of states accept the status and it has become commonplace. The shift reflects changes in the nature not only of national identity but also of the individual’s relationship to the state and to the world. States have almost no remaining incentive to police dual citizenship at the same time that individuals often have incentives, sometimes substantial ones, to secure it. This chapter first recounts how dual citizenship came to be normalised. It then considers how the COVID pandemic might impact on dual-citizenship opportunity structures. Although COVID may diminish the instrumental value of dual citizenship for purposes of third-country mobility privileges, it highlights the core benefit of admission rights into the country of additional nationality. Dual citizenship now becomes a kind of global health insurance as well as a way to protect mobility rights, even for those already holding premium passports. For transnational elites, these newly surfaced advantages will magnify incentives to secure investment citizenship. Others will be motivated to avail themselves of ancestral and other forms of strategic citizenship. States, meanwhile, are unlikely to see serious new costs to pre-COVID citizenship practices. Demand for dual citizenship is thus likely to rise while remaining broadly available.
Floris Peters, Maarten Vink
Dual Citizenship and Naturalisation, Volume 910, pp 121-140; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw87752_chapt06

Abstract:
There is ample evidence that the possibility of holding dual citizenship is a key predictor of immigrant naturalisation. Over past decades, both migrant origin and destination countries have liberalised rules with regards to dual citizenship. Nevertheless, the acceptance of dual citizenship remains contested and a few countries have gone against the global tide by (re-)introducing restrictions. In this chapter we investigate the role of dual citizenship acceptance in origin and destination countries for immigrants’ propensity to naturalise in the Netherlands, in the period around the reintroduction of the renunciation requirement there in 1997. While a declining post-reform trend in the number of naturalisations has been widely observed, there is limited research on the heterogenous impact of dual citizenship acceptance. We use individual-level register data and apply a Cox proportional hazards regression to analyse the propensity to naturalise among immigrants who could naturalise with or without dual citizenship. We identify dual citizenship acceptance by combining the changing regulations in the Netherlands with information on origin-country citizenship rules around the world. We find that the propensity to naturalise is higher among those who can hold dual citizenship and remains so almost two decades after migration to the host country. We show that dual citizenship acceptance especially affects naturalisation rates among immigrants from EU and other highly developed countries.
Florian Gundl
Dual Citizenship and Naturalisation, Volume 910, pp 275-292; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw87752_chapt13

Abstract:
This chapter presents and discusses the results of a worldwide survey on dual citizenship among Austrians living abroad. A total of 2,403 people took part. The questions mainly focused on the respondents’ attitudes towards (dual) citizenship. Most respondents showed a great interest in the subject. However, there are significant differences regarding the host country, the duration of stay in the foreign country and the level of education. Persons living in a Western country, as well as those with higher education, tend to be more in favour of dual citizenship. The longer people stay in a country, the more important the topic becomes to them. However, after a certain time (more than 20 years), the importance decreases again. The respondents evaluate citizenship not only for its symbolic and emotional value but also for its strategic advantages.
Max Haller
Dual Citizenship and Naturalisation, Volume 910, pp 33-58; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw87752_chapt02

Abstract:
This paper starts from the concept of identity to develop some hypotheses about the attitudes of people toward national identity and citizenship. It is proposed that there are two factors which determine these attitudes: an evaluative-normative component related to the symbolic value of citizenship and a strategic orientation which considers the advantages connected with a particular passport. Empirical findings from the International Social Survey Program (ISSP) on National Identity and Citizenship are presented. It is shown that citizenship is a very important component of national identity in the eyes of the public and migrants usually exhibit a dual identity toward their countries of origin and destination. The surprisingly low naturalisation rates among immigrants in Western societies are also explained by two general factors: people do not want to lose their original national attachments; however, they also consider the instrumental advantages from acquiring the citizenship of the new country. Two further issues are discussed: the need for well-functioning democracies to have active citizens and the obligations connected with citizenship – of which these three are the most relevant: taking part in voting, paying taxes and, for men, performing military service. In the concluding section, the chapter points to the need to facilitate naturalisation, extend options of dual citizenship and improve the situation of denizens. Citizenship is a topic investigated mainly by scholars of public law and political scientists (Bauböck 1994; Hammar 1990; Spiro 2016). A number of sociologists have also contributed to this discussion (Brubaker 1992, 2010; Joppke 2010; Soysal 1994). In fact, sociology can contribute not only to the social aspects of citizenship but also to the discussion of the emergence and social impact of legal principles. At least since the writings of the Austrian legal scholar Eugen Ehrlich (1862–1922), we know that the legal reality of a community cannot be captured by looking only at formal written law because it also includes local and regional norms and customs and has a cultural and political character (Cotterell 1992; Ehrlich 1989 [1913]; Rehbinder 2014). In this chapter, I discuss three issues: first, the relevance of citizenship for personal, social and political identity in the modern world; second, some empirical data on the relevance and meaning of citizenship, as people in about 40 countries from all continents see it; and, third, three additional aspects of citizenship relevant from a sociological perspective. In the conclusions, the findings are summarised and some normative conclusions drawn concerning the policies of naturalisation and the issue of dual citizenship.
Dual Citizenship and Naturalisation, Volume 910, pp 59-80; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw87752_chapt03

Abstract:
This chapter summarises the causes of the strong global trend towards the toleration of dual citizenship but then focuses on its possible limits and reasons for resistance by some states. I consider specifically why the two largest states in terms of population – China and India – adhere to a policy of strict non-toleration of multiple citizenship out of security concerns and adversarial ideologies of national sovereignty. I also examine the Eastern European context where policies of regional hegemony (by Russia) and the mobilisation of ethnic kin minorities in the near abroad for buttressing the domestic hegemony of political incumbents (by Hungary) have triggered counter-reactions against dual citizenship in neighbouring states. In so-called Western democracies, security concerns about terrorism have not led to a retreat from dual citizenship but have turned a second citizenship into a potential liability, as the possession of it allows states to denationalise citizens whom they consider to be a threat. Finally, the chapter considers whether demand and supply for dual citizenship might shrink if the hyperglobalisation since the 1990s were partly reversed in response to pandemics and the climate crisis.
Yossi Harpaz
Dual Citizenship and Naturalisation, Volume 910, pp 97-116; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw87752_chapt05

Abstract:
The growing toleration of dual citizenship changes the basic rules governing citizenship attribution. It creates new possibilities for legal connections between states and individuals, including overlapping memberships and belonging from a distance. In this chapter, I argue that the legitimisation of dual citizenship leads to the adoption of strategic policies on the part of states (the “supply” side) as well as on the part of eligible individuals (the “demand” side). Numerous states use dual citizenship policies to select new citizens that do not live on their territory and do not intend to relocate or give up their original citizenship. These include the descendants of emigrants (e.g. Italian descendants in South America who are now offered Italian citizenship), cross-border co-ethnics (such as ethnic Hungarians in the countries surrounding Hungary), as well as millionaires from developing countries who can now – for a hefty sum – acquire citizenship from a country where they have never set foot. From the perspective of eligible individuals, such schemes offer opportunities to strategically expand their scope of rights and opportunities by acquiring a second citizenship that is ranked higher in the global hierarchy of citizenship value. The expected benefits may include global travel freedom, an insurance policy and broader economic opportunities. These developments, which impact both states and individuals, weaken the traditional association between citizenship and national identity.
Eva Ersbøll
Dual Citizenship and Naturalisation, Volume 910, pp 157-182; https://doi.org/10.1553/978oeaw87752_chapt08

Abstract:
This chapter gives an account of the Danish turn towards dual citizenship, which began after the start of the new millennium and ended in December 2014 with the adoption of an act on dual-citizenship acceptance that entered into force on 01 September 2015. The chapter examines the Danish path towards dual citizenship from a legal and political perspective and argues that the idea of dual-citizenship acceptance matured gradually in the context of international and Nordic interdependence. Thus, the Danish approach resembles that of most other countries. I argue that the Danish slowness in terms of dual-citizenship acceptance is not a reflection of a Danish particularity but, rather, reflects an extraordinary political constellation in the Danish parliament during the first decade of the new millennium. Hereby, I dissociate myself from claims in the comparative literature that the opportunity to strip Danish dual citizens of their Danish citizenship was a key argument for Denmark’s turn towards dual citizenship.
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