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Hatice Dilek Çağ
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 75-102; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.42

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to study the teaching Turkish abroad as a foreign language with a holistic perspective. Descriptive survey model is used in this study consisting of two stages. In the first phase of the study, educational institutions abroad in which Turkish is taught as a foreign language are identified and it is determined that teaching of Turkish is included in 693 different educational institutions in 106 different countries. In the second stage of the study, 193 studies are found on teaching Turkish abroad as a foreign language and the variance of these studies is examined using content analysis according to their years, countries, publication type, subjects and research method. As a result of the research; it has been observed that there has been an increase in academic studies related to teaching Turkish abroad since 2010, the studies generally include findings about teaching Turkish in the country where the research is conducted, articles and papers are published mostly, and the qualitative method is predominantly used
Merdan Güven
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 29-35; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.45

Abstract:
I have met the member of Russian Academy of Sciences, distinguished Turcologist Mr. Dmitri Vasilyev in Erzurum. I knew him particularly through his studies on Turkic Inscriptions. We have invited Mr. Vesilyev for a broadcast at TRT Erzurum Radio, during his visit to Erzurum upon a symposium arrenged by Atatürk University. Beforehand and after Mr. Vasilyev’s speech in the radio studio, we had a long, nice conversation. Basides our questions regarding old Turkic Inscriptions in Asia, he kindly answered our questions on Turks and Russians in a naive and serious manner.
Cengiz Alyilmaz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 162-174; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.55

Abstract:
Founded in Erzurum in 1957, Atatürk University has made many scientific contributions to Turcology and many other fields since the day it was established. Academic practice and scientific-academic research have been successfully conducted and scholars have been trained in various departments (the Department of Turkish Language and Literature, the Department of Turkish Language and Literature Education, and the Department of Turkish Education) at both the Faculty of Literature and Kâzım Karabekir Faculty of Education. Osman GÜNDÜZ is one of the scholars from Erzurum, who received his undergraduate, master's, and doctorate degrees at Atatürk University. GÜNDÜZ, born in Erzurum on April 10, 1951, went to primary school in Erzurum; middle school and high school in Erzurum and Muğla. GÜNDÜZ graduated from Atatürk University Faculty of Literature with a degree in Turkish Language and Literature in 1977 and after teaching at schools for a while, he started his practice as a "Research Assistant" in the Department of Turkish Language and Literature at Atatürk University Kâzım Karabekir Faculty of Education in 1984. GÜNDÜZ received his master's degree in 1987 and doctorate in 1993 in Modern Turkish Language, and he got his associate degree in 2004 and Ph.D. in 2009. GÜNDÜZ is the writer and co-writer of over 20 books as textbooks and research-review work on Modern Turkish Literature and Turkish Education. Retiring from his long service as a faculty member and administrator at Atatürk University on age grounds on April 10, 2018, into Bayburt University, GÜNDÜZ died from Covid-19 on May 13, 2021.
Farhad Rahimi
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 175-183; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.50

Abstract:
Tarih-i Vassaf is a five-volume book was written by Abdullah Vassaf, who was in Divan service of Ilkhanid state in 728 (1328). There is important information related to the period of Gazan Han. The Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Mongolian words and terms in the work written in a very fancy style make it difficult to understand the text. For this reason, the Ferheng-i Vassaf dictionary containing the words that are difficult to understand was arranged. The dictionary was written by Nazmîzade Hüseyin in 1118 (1706). This dictionary contains some deficiencies and mistakes. In this study, after was given the information about the work, was emphasized the mistakes in Ferheng-i Vassaf.
Harun Şahin
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 206-220; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.57

Abstract:
In the oldest known texts of Turkish Language and Literature / Old Turkish inscriptions with (Root) Turkish letters, knowledge, scholar, ignorant person, well-informed person, etc. words and phrases derived from the root to know, praising knowledge and being knowledgeable; it constitutes the beginning of a deep-rooted ceremony and a literary tradition that condemns ignorance, rudeness, and ignorance. This tradition, which shapes the mental foundations and intellectual life of the Turkish nation as well as the subject of poetry and prose literature, has also constituted one of the important themes of the Uighur Period Literature. Especially in the head and headings that we can divine into our language today, religious and moral values are mentioned as the measure of true knowledge, good, beauty, and virtue. The value of “knowledge”, which found a strong place in the written documents (inscriptions, books, etc.) belonging to the Old Turkish Period, after the acceptance of Islam among the Turks, “Are those who know equal to those who do not know?” (39/9); Search for his verse and knowledge even if it is in China! With the influence and encouragement of his Hadith-i Sharif, he became the source of valuable works. As a matter of fact, in the works such as Kutadgu Bilig, Divanü Lügati't- Türk, Atebetü'l- Hakayık, Divan-ı Hikmet… just after the Uyghur Turkish Period (Karahanlı Turkish Period), one of the most important themes forming the content is “knowledge”. “Knowledge” has been treated as a “value” that creates privilege and awareness in individuals, societies, and nations in the works of the later periods of Turkish. The “knowledge value”, which includes deep-rooted and rich socio-cultural accumulation and level, has also found its place in the works of Kaygusuz Abdal, one of the important representatives of Religious Sufi Turkish Literature in the XIV and XV centuries. The aim of this study is primarily to present the literary tradition formed around the "knowledge value" in the Turkish written language with its main lines and then to reveal the contribution of Kaygusuz Abdal's works to this tradition. In the research, the document analysis method, one of the qualitative data collection methods, was used. As a result of the research, it has been concluded that a rich tradition developed around the value of knowledge, and Kaygusuz Abdal is a literary personality who cares about the value of knowledge and focuses on his works.
Cengiz Alyilmaz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 250-291; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.61

Abstract:
İbrahim TERZİOĞLU was born in a village named Catak located in the Ovacık district of Ilıca, Erzurum, on the 15th of November, 1964. Upon moving to Ankara with his family, he completed his primary, middle, and high school education there. TERZİOĞLU, who started his university education at Karadeniz Technical University, completed his studies at Gazi University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences. After his military service, he worked in the family company, which focused on construction and restoration, for a while TERZİOĞLU started working at the Keçiören Municipality in 1994 as the “Deputy Mayor” responsible for art, culture, and the Turkic world. He successfully held the position for 15 years and TERZİOĞLU made significant contributions to the Keçiören district to gain a “modern” and “historical” identity. TERZİOĞLU, whose duty in the Keçiören Municipality came to an end in 2009, was appointed to the Elmadağ Municipality as an “expert” in the same year. TERZİOĞLU successfully held the position until 2018, when he retired. During his years at Keçiören Municipality and the Union of Engineers and Architects of the Turkic World, TERZİOĞLU carried out important projects for the Turkic Republics’ unity and solidarity and the Turkic Republics World. He is known as a researcher, writer, and poet, in addition to his roles as a “city planner” and “manager”. It is possible to evaluate the works of TERZİOĞLU in three groups, namely “poetry books”, “research and analysis works”, and “works he edited”. Hüma Yağmurları is TERZİOĞLU’s 7th poetry book, published in April 2021, in which are a total of 98 poems. This article firstly gives information about TERZİOĞLU’s background and then touches upon his book, Hüma Yağmurları.
Nigar Hagverdi
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 221-229; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.53

Abstract:
The article deals with the trilogy of the great American writer W. Faulkner in the twentieth century and time and man as the main artistic and aesthetic concept of the novels included in this trilogy. Time remains one of the main aesthetic features of Faulkner's novels. According to W. Faulkner, the concepts of time and space play an important role in the evolution and development of events and images in his works.In the article, the concept of time is also the main goal of the complex style, and it is found that this concept has a functional role in the formation of not only the trilogy of the author, but also the characteristics of his previous works. The article analyzes the concept of time in connection with another important literary and philosophical concept, the concept of man. The article analyzes the contradiction between time and man and the impact of these two concepts on humanity.
Cengiz Alyilmaz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 129-161.; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.51

Abstract:
It is observed throughout history that some scientists, artists, and intellectuals play a significant role in carrying values related to culture, language, literature, and art to the future, acting as pioneers. While enduring many difficulties and poverty in their lives, these exceptional people worked unselfishly and contributed greatly to their fields. At first, the actions of these extraordinary people drew strange reactions from ordinary people. With time, the said actions became accepted and started to make difference in the world. Contributing significantly to Turkish art history, Turkish cultural history, Turkish language, and Turkish epigraphics with the visual arts and illustration works he carried out in Turkey, Levent Alyap was born in Erzurum on May 3, 1977. Alyap's works are based on old Turkic culture and civilization, art, language, living, and beliefs. Utilizing information technologies also, Levent Alyap creates unique illustrations, designs, logos, and emblems; creates fonts influenced by old Turkic inscriptions' paleographic, calligraphic, and epigraphic characteristics; and writes related substantial papers. In 2012, Alyap was awarded the "Turkic World Service Award" because of his successful work and exceptional designs by Valeh Hacılar International Scientific and Cultural Research Foundation, based in Georgia. Along with his academic practices and prosperous studies, he also works as the art consultant and illustrator for the International Association of Turkish Literature and Culture Education (TEKE), International Journal of TEKE, TEKE Academy, and BUGU Journal of Language and Education. This study is focused on Levent Alyap's brief biography, art, and various logos he designed.
Ramazan Avci
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 184-205; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.49

Abstract:
There is no compact work published until 1923 regarding the history, geography, and social life of Kahramanmaraş, which is an ancient Anatolian city. Besim Atalay, who was appointed as the director of education in Maraş between 1915-1916, researched the history, geography, social life, traditions and customs, the language of the city, the state, science, and art people he raised and blended his research with his observations were published at The History and Geography of Maraş named work in 1923. The work, which is the first work written compactly about Maraş, contains very valuable and enlightening information about the social, cultural, historical, political, and economic life of Maraş in the last years of the Ottoman Period, provides information. This study aims to identify and present the observations and evaluations that shed light on the history, social and cultural life of Maraş with the eyes of an educator Ottoman intellectual and occasionally a critical point of view, based on the work named The History and Geography of Maraş.
Reşad MUSTAFA
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 366-379; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.64

Abstract:
One of the most important sources used in the XIX century researches of the history of the South Caucasus is a collection of documents from various years, published by the state, in which various statistical data were collected in the regions occupied by Tsarist Russia, called cameral descriptions. The statistical data in these documents are not only sufficient to show the number of the inhabitants of the region but also the amount of tax paid by the people in the documents, the family population number of the taxpayers, their nationality, the religion they belong to, the language they speak, etc. information is also shown. The work of Fahri VALEHOĞLU HACILAR The Privileged Groups of the Borchali Region of the 19th Century in Cameral Descriptions (Baku: Elm, 2021 - 320 p.) can be considered one of the first studies in this area. The main subject of this research is the local politics of Tsarist Russia after the occupation of the South Caucasus and the Borchali region, what privileges it provided to which groups, what these privileges were.
Yavuz Ercan Gül
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 45-59; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.46

Abstract:
The study examines the problem of ethnic identity formation faced by the modern education system considering the concept of ethnopedagogy. The research aims to draw the theoretical framework of ethnopedagogy discipline by using document analysis and concept analysis techniques. In the process of socio-cultural education, a multicultural education field can be formed by researching the knowledge and understanding of the traditional human upbringing cultures of ethnic groups and communities. This new case reveals the importance of ethnopedagogy, which is a branch of modern education. Ethnopedagogy is defined as the discipline of systematizing, analyzing, and generalizing the educational experiences of certain ethnic groups and their pedagogical traditions in the field of education and training. Ethnopedagogy aims to reveal the ideal person desired by the public by using the resources of folk pedagogy. In this respect, ethnopedagogy acts as a bridge between the past values of a nation and modern education.
Erdi Aksakal
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 60-74; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.39

Abstract:
Masculinity, structured as a fiction, is revealed by the relationship between power, labor and cathexis, like a strictly obeyed contract, and has an important area in the gender order. The Cinnet Garden tries to show how unsuccessful a man who killed his wife was in the process of building and representing masculinity and to question who the killer was. In fact, although the confessions of the suspect, the clues about the murder clearly reveal who the killer is, the assumptions that the masculinity fiction and construction that will commit the murder are lacking in adequate behavior, jargon and practices lead to a search for who the killer is. This search offers clues about the existence process of various types of masculinity within the construction and construction of masculinity. When the text in question is deconstructed, the gender and masculinity fictions of the text come to light. In addition, the hegemony of the patriarchal system causes the masculinities, who do not have more shares in the patriarchal power, to have feelings of fear of being humiliated, embarrassment of being afraid, silence and introversion. The study aims to reveal that even though it is known that he killed his wife, Müeyyet did not have a masculine language, could not prove himself, could not attain a privileged masculine performance, created doubts in the minds of dominant men and even women, and at least they could not convince them. At the same time, the work comes across various masculinity fictions while considering who the killer is; It aims to construct a sentence on the complex mindset in which honor, which aims to keep women in privacy and at the boundary of the household is also considered as a process product dependent on the morality and will of the woman.
Hanife Şeyda Dudak
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 103-122; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.43

Abstract:
This research was carried out to assess the overall trend in articles written in the area of teaching Turkish as a foreign language to children. Throughout the research, attention was paid to the concept of "teaching Turkish to children". Searches were performed through the Google Academic search engine, Dergipark, Ebscohost, and Researchgate databases when deciding on the research made on the subject. The meta-synthesis model was used in the study. The Meta-synthesis method offers the ability to deeply analyze the data, methods, and theoretical aspects of the reviewed studies. The articles identified as a result of the scanning were analyzed using the content analysis method. These articles were analyzed in terms of year of publication, the number of authors, aim, topic, research model, intended audience, data collection method, data analysis methods, and results. The general trends of the articles reviewed, and the conclusions of the articles are categorized and illustrated as graphics and tables in the findings section. The results of the analysis determined the general trends of articles published in the field of teaching children Turkish as a foreign language. This study is expected to guide the identification of these defects and deficiencies and contribute to the development of the literature.
Kübra Şengül
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 310-342; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.62

Abstract:
Children whose mother tongue and community language are different have different linguistic proficiency in both languages. It is very important for these children, who are defined as bilingual, to learn and use their mother tongue at a sufficient level, to learn the language of the community, and to develop positive personalities. This study, it is aimed to reveal the parents’ views on learning and using the mother tongue Turkish of bilingual Turkish children living in France, since the attitudes of the families are quite decisive in learning the mother tongue and community language. The qualitative research method was adopted in the study. Descriptive analysis technique was used in the analysis of the research data collected electronically with a structured interview form from the participants. As a result of the research, it was found that Turkish families living in France first communicate with their children in their mother tongue; however, it was determined that the language that children speak/understand best is French. Bilingual Turkish children living in France; It has been determined that the children prefer to speak French and use Turkish less frequently in daily life for reasons such as the social environment being French, the French being easier, not knowing Turkish enough, and the family’s distance from the Turkish language and culture. Participants stated that their participation in Turkish lessons in France has changed negatively during the COVID-19 pandemic; they reported that Turkish and Turkish Culture course hours were insufficient. It has been determined that bilingual Turkish children living in France have problems due to insufficient vocabulary, constructing Turkish sentences according to the French syntax, mixing French and Turkish letters, and forming mixed French-Turkish sentences. Regarding the solution of language problems experienced by children, they suggested increasing the hours of Turkish lessons, teaching Turkish books, and choosing teachers from Turks in France.
Mehtap Çayir
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 343-365; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.65

Abstract:
This paper aims at examining the effect of the gamification approach on students’ attitudes towards reading and written expression and academic success. The sample for this study consists of 63 third-grade students attending a state school in the Central Black Sea Region of Turkey during the 2019-2020 school year. While 33 students were included in the experimental group, the remaining 30 students were in the control group. A quasi-experimental design was used. Certain data collection instruments were used to determine participants’ attitudes towards reading and written expression and success in the Turkish course. SPSS v. 23.0 was employed to analyze data. Descriptive and predictive statistical techniques were used. Significant differences were obtained between experimental and control groups before and after the implementation. Finally, it was concluded that the gamified Turkish course positively affected participants’ attitudes towards reading and written expression and increased academic success in the Turkish course.
Cihat Çankaya
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 292-309; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.60

Abstract:
The human, who separated from other livings with his mind, has been succeeding the transferring what his learnings to after generations from himself in time and thus civilization have been moved by every generation to one step forward. Turks, who have one oldest culture and civilizations in the world and very much care about knowledge, reflected this situation in the works they created. Mu’înü’l-Mürîd, which aims to teach Islam to the society of the period, which it was written, includes some clues about the historical accumulation of the society that it belongs is in terms of the knowledge and information concepts. Based on the quatrains, which include the concept of knowledge in the work, a trip to the past was made; it has been trying to detect how and which forms of concept lived in the memory of Turkish society that lived in different geographies, different sociocultural regions, and conditions. In the process from VIII. century to XIV. century; it has been understanding that the expressions in the Orkhon Inscriptions, Kutadgu Bilig, Atebetü’l-Hakâyık, and Dîvânü Lügâti’t-Türk supported Mu’înü’l-Mürîd from the point of understanding and belief about knowledge; it has been determining that the Turkish society value to the concept of knowledge was preserved by Turkish society along with Turkish society’s cultural changes and developments in six hundred years.
Cengiz Alyilmaz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 1-28; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.44

Abstract:
The role of scientists in the development and advancement of scientific disciplines is pivotal, independent of the level of support provided for science. Indeed, many disciplines have developed and become acclaimed thanks to the selfless work of devoted scientists. Likewise, the field of Turkology has become what it is today thanks to the efforts of some individuals, in addition to the efforts of the institutions in Turkey and abroad. Also named as "Russian Turkology", the "Turkology studies in Russia" are known to be strongly supported in the context of a state policy with a history of more than a century. However, the studies of certain scientists played a significant role in shaping Russian Turkology. One of the scientists who left their mark on the field of Russian Turkology is Dmitriy Dmitrievich VASSILYEV. VASSILYEV's works are mainly on ancient Turkic history and ancient Turkic inscriptions. However, he did not confine himself to these aspects of Turkology as he conducted many studies and wrote many papers on the lives, beliefs, languages, literature works, and cultures of the Turks. Russian Academy of Sciences member Dmitriy Dmitrievich VASSILYEV, who dedicated his life to Turkology, Turkic history, and Turkic inscriptions, passed away of Covid-19 on 18 January 2021. In this article, the life and the character of VASSILYEV, as well as some of his studies on Turkology and epigraphy, were discussed.
Farhad Rahimi
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 2, pp 36-44; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.41

Abstract:
Chagatai Turkish, is a writing language that the Turks continue to use from the beginning of the 13th century until the beginning of the 20th century. After Nevayi’s death, various dictionaries began to be written on every corner of the world of Islam, so that his works could easily be read. These dictionaries, written mostly in the Ottoman Empire, Iran, Azerbaijan, India or Turkestan and having a great value for the history of Turkish language development have created a lexicographical schools. Also in the Iran field many Chagatai Turkish dictionaries were arranged to understand the works of Ali Shir Nevayi. One of them is Kitab-i Turkî (Ferheng-i Nasîrî) Chagatai Turkish-Persian dictionary was written in the second half of the 17th century, during the Safavid period by Muhammed Riza Nasîrî Tusî’s son Abdul-Cemil bin Muhammed Riza Nasîrî Tusî the secretary of II. Shah Safî or Shah Suleiman (government 1666-1694). In this study, after was given the information about the work, the works done on it and İts manuscript copies, was emphasized the mistakes in dictionary.
Fatih Can
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 122-133; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.9

Abstract:
In today’s world, it reveals the necessity of continuous learning in order to help people struggle with their own problems, improve themselves, keep up with the period they live in and strengthen their knowledge. The purpose of this study is to determine the lifelong learning levels of university students by Drewery et. al. (2017) to adapt the “Lifelong Learning Scale” developed in Turkish. The English form of the scale has been translated into Turkish by two experts in both English and Turkish. The form was examined by a faculty member from the Guidance and Psychological Counseling department and expert opinion was obtained before the pilot study. The sample group of the study consists of 217 students who continue their education in Amasya University Faculty of Education in the 2019-2020 academic year. The construct validity of the Turkish form of the scale was determined by CFA [Confirmatory Factor Analysis]; reliability was analyzed with reliability analysis in SPSS program. The “Lifelong Learning Scale” was examined using the “Academic Self-Efficacy Scale” (Yılmaz et al., 2007) for criterion-related validity. Accordingly, in the study group, there was a moderately positive relationship between the sub-dimensions of the “Lifelong Learning Scale” and the sub-dimensions of the “Academic Self-Efficacy Scale”. Corrected item total correlations and internal consistency coefficients were calculated for the reliability studies of the scale and it was seen that the scale was raliable. The findings show that the Turkish form of the scale measures the same structure in accordance with the original structure. In conclusion, the “Lifelong Learning Scale” is adapted to Turkish culture with the validity and reliability studies in this study can be used for university students who will start the proffession. The findings obtained from the study were interpreted and discussed and some suggestions were made according to the results.
Dicle Özdemir
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 85-110; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.8

Abstract:
Language and culture are inseparable signification terms. The political and social life of nation, their history, culture, life and belief are hidden in the language that makes them a nation. Therefore, it is impossible to think of an artist, poet or writer as separated from the society and culture in which they live. One of the important poets of Azerbaijan, Mikâyıl Müşfik, who lived between 1908 and 1938. His poems that shed light on his own period, are historical documents. Mikâyıl Müşfik has reflected the history, culture, traditions and customs of Azerbaijan people in a sincere and simple literary language and became the language of the people. In this article, the poem named “Oku Tar” which belongs to Mikâyıl Müşfik has been taken to the center of Azerbaijani national instrument tar and examined in terms of cultural elements such as clothing, music culture and cities. In many times, the poet stressed the importance of Tar in the cultural memory of the public, and spoke about such as the strings of this national instrument, the melodies made and the effects on the mood of the audience. Making such a wide cultural depiction over an instrument reflects both the historical and cultural depth of the instrument and the poet’s interest and knowledge in both this culture and the instrument.
Onur Er
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 111-121; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.10

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to evaluate the problems of formation training of Turkish language and literature within the scope of the opinions of the students. The research is a case study and has been conducted in accordance with qualitative research method. The opinions of the students have been collected by means of semi-structured interview forms within the context of the study. Convenient sampling method has been used in the study. According to the research, the majority of the students taking the formation training on Turkish Language and Literature found the formation program necessary. The problems that the students originated from the instructor are stated as “Course preparation approach”, “Student negative approach”, “Classroom management incompleteness” and “Do not care about the course”. The students stated that the problems originating from the classroom environment are “crowded classes” and “The lack of clean class” .The problems that the students originated from the administration are stated as “Conflict of license exams with formation training”, “Lesson hours” and “Formation exams made at the same time”. At the end of the study, the students stated that they have gained experience in terms of teaching profession due to the formation program. However, some of the students indicated that they have faced problems with instructors. The students expressed that there were particularly problems with teaching method and the unfavorable attitudes of the instructors. In addition, the students taking formation training on Turkish Language and Literature highlighted that crowded classrooms, overlapping of undergraduate exams and formation training and early start and late finish of the classes are among the problems.
Farhad Rahimi
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 134-149; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.19

Abstract:
The strong structure of Turkish and its strong grammar which originated from the very old Turkish language, have always made it the center of attention and attraction. Throughout history, various dictionaries and grammar works have been created to teach this language to people with other languages, and many Turkish grammar and dictionaries have been created in the Iranian area. Of these, is a work of Abdurrahim Shirvanî named Mazharu’t-Türkî that published by Farhad Rahimi, consisting of grammar and dictionary. Mazharu’t-Türkî is a work consisting of Turkish grammar written in the Persian and Turkish-Persian dictionary. Mazharu’t-Türkî was written by Abdurrahim Shirvanî to teach Turkish to Persians by order of Aka Muhammed İsmail. In this study, after a short introduction, it has been given information about this work and analyzed with the subheadings of “Layout and Content of the Work”, “Manuscripts Copy of the Work”, “Studies on the Work”, “Evaluation of the Work In Terms of Lexicology And Lexicography” under the heading of “Mazharu’t-Türkî”.
Bahadır GÜNEŞ
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 150-162; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.12

Abstract:
Turkish is a language that has a great history behind it since its earliest texts. A lot of linguistic data from the historical and modern periods of the Turkish language can be shown as evidence for this situation. Pattern words have an important place in this data. Pattern words that make up the meanings they contain in long periods; proverbs, idioms, praise, curses, such as language elements are divided into subheadings. It is possible to say that idioms have an important title in these words. Idioms are important in terms of foundation and meaning features in terms of the material that Turkish offers to basic vocabulary. The qualifications of the words in the establishment of statements are also important. In this sense, the presence of limb names in idioms emerges as a remarkable situation. Azerbaijani Turkish has a rich material on this subject. In this study, It has been classified and analyzed in terms of meaning features the idioms which were determined only from the standard Azerbaijan Turkish and established with the word “head”.
Fidan Doğru
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 20-48; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.7

Abstract:
The existence of human brings religion, religious beliefs, and everything related to religion. Attachment to an entity (concrete or abstract) is the result of believing survival or belief in salvation after death. During the Uighur period, due to geographical, cultural and political reasons; different beliefs / religions have been influenced and many translated works have been shown to recognize these religions / beliefs. Kuanşi Im Pusar, translated during the Uighur Period, reflects the characteristics of Buddhism, one of the accepted religions of the period. With the feature of depicting one’s salvation of other creatures, Kuanşi Im Pusar combines with Hızır, which is used in the works of Turkish literature as a theme / content after Islam. This article includes marking of the concepts of Kuanşi Im Pusar, which is seen as the first step of modern syntax studies. The concepts, were examined under three headings as language elements in the form of root / origin, language elements in the body, general meaningful language elements established with more than one meaning elements and classified in the text with examples.
Hülya Taş
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 71-84; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.6

Abstract:
The cutlery such as knives, daggers, swords etc., occupy a separate place and importance in the lives of people, human communities and nations. These tools previously made of different materials and used as the cutting tools have been made of iron and steel and have become indispensable objects of attack and defense over time. Undoubtedly the swords make up the most advanced type of the cutlery. For this reason, they firstly remind of the war and the wars. It is known there are hundreds of swords developed by different nations and that some swords were made very special. Also the “Zulfiqar” identified with the name of Hadarath Ali, the fourth Caliph of the Islamic religion ranks among the most famous swords known in the history. Zulfiqar used by Hadarath Ali in many wars he has attended and the swords of Zulfiqar developed in this context have been used as a symbol of Islam, Alawi-Bektashi belief, belligerence, bravery, Akhism and brotherhood in the Islamic world (especially among Turks) throughout the historical period left behind. In this article, the unifying and integrating aspects of the scripts and portraits on the swords of Zulfiqar for the humans of different beliefs and opinions today are being emphasized.
Mehmet Fatih Özcan
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 197-215; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.24

Abstract:
Since preschool teacher candidates are role-models for children aged 0-6, vocabulary and concept knowledge acquisition and levels should be checked and their deficiencies should be eliminated. Within the scope of the language and speech disorders course, It is aimed to identify the pre-school teachers’ level of learning the concept expressions which they have learned during their university education in the ÖABT books and learning the concept expressions based on the sample definitions given. The case study method has been used in the study carried out within the scope of the “Language and Speech Disorders” course in the 2018-2019 academic year. The sample of the study consists of 110 pre-service teachers who study in the last year of Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen University Preschool teaching program. The semi-structured questionnaire, in which 12 statements have been given and intended to find the concept that it met, has been prepared by the researcher to reveal how teacher candidates in the sample understand the theoretical expressions and to determine their education levels. The answers given by teacher candidates to the relevant sentences have been evaluated using a descriptive analysis method according to the categories of “comprehension”, “limited comprehension”, “misunderstanding”, “not answered”. Also, the basic words in pre-school education have been determined from the ÖABT books and a form of 42 words has been created, in which teacher candidates are expected to know their meanings. At the end of the forms, 1 open-ended question has been asked pre-service teachers for their self-assessment. The data obtained have been analyzed and tables containing percent and frequency values have been prepared. It has been concluded that pre-school pre-service teachers have a positive attitude towards concepts and words, yet they don’t have enough acquisition in making sense of words. As a result of the study, it has been determined that the concept of learning and teaching should be made permanent and more functional; it has also been determined that the candidate teachers have experienced concept confusion, have confused development periods, and cannot remember the concept names given without options. It is also concluded that the candidates do not have sufficient knowledge about the basic words and concepts of preschool education, since sufficient feedback cannot be obtained from the given definitions and words.
Nazmi Şen
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 163-175; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.30

Abstract:
Graveyards are important cultural sites that remind mankind of the temporal of the world. Gravestones are valuable guides that remind the interlocutor of the afterlife and reveal the truth of death. The gravestones are important because they contain information about the language, culture, art, and architectural understanding of Turk tribes and communities. Some graveyards belonging to Turk tribes and communities have symbolic inscribed stones that reflect the world view of the inhabitants and the deceased, which were built by the people living in that region and which reflect the common view of all the graves to their visitors. With this study, the inscribed stone in the Balıkesir Kavakbaşı village graveyard was intended to identify elements belonging to the ancient Turkish culture. The inscribed stone identified elements belonging to the ancient Turkish culture, including “Tengri, ancient Turkish cities, historical Turkish personalities, an expression from the Orhun Inscriptions and cult of the seedbed.”
Özlem Ercan
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 276-297; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.33

Abstract:
Hagia Sophia; has become a place of worship that writes the attention of statesmen, historians, sufi and religious people in the history scene with the subject of architectural and art history researches. On the other hand, it has left its mark in literary works with its artistic value, otherworldly, and social life. In the introduction part of the study, it was focused on how Hagia Sophia is handled in poems. A temple where the beauty of the beloved is compared in the ghazel, ode, detached couplet, history quatrains, and history books of the mosque, which is used for different purposes in the language of the literati; a place where sufi and religious people meet. It was seen that it was described as a magnificent work with its architecture and a place of worship where prayers were accepted. Then the historical quatrains of the poets of the period of Ahmed III, Dürri Ahmed Efendi and Nedim were evaluated. It was understood that the continents that shed light on the renovation works of the mosque were for the renovations in the first and last years of the sultan’s reign. The mosque was renovated from the quatrain of Dürri in 1116 / 1704-1705; from the quatrain of Nedim, it was learned that the sultan’s court was expanded in 1142 / 1729-1730. With the information provided by both historical quatrains, it was determined that they could contribute to the restoration of history.
Farhad Rahimi
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 230-250; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.32

Abstract:
The strong structure of Turkish and its strong grammar which originated from the very old Turkish language, have always made it the center of attention and attraction. Throughout history, various dictionaries and grammar works have been created to teach this language to people with other languages, and many Turkish grammar and dictionaries have been created in the Iranian area. Of these, is a work of Abdurrahim Shirvanî named Mazharu’t-Türkî that published by Farhad Rahimi, consisting of grammar and dictionary, and a work named Fevaid-i Ahmedî that belongs to before the period of Qajar Turkish domination that published by Farhad Rahimi. Fevaid-i Ahmedî is a work consisting of Turkish grammar written in Persian and Turkish-Persian dictionary and Turkish proverbs. Fevaid-i Ahmedî was written by Muhammed Mehdi Tebrizî in the name of Seyyid Ahmed Ali Han Bahadırlı Bahadır in 1784. In this study, after a short introduction, information has been given about this work and analyzed under the subheadings of “Presentation and Layout of the Work”, “Manuscripts Copies of the Work”, “Studies on the Work”, “Evaluation of the Work In Terms of Lexicology And Lexicography” under the heading of “Fevaid-i Ahmedî”.
Muhammet Lütfü Akyüz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 298-313; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.35

Abstract:
The concept of value, which is defined as the whole of material and spiritual elements that includes the social, cultural, economic, and scientific values of a nation, is used in many fields today as well as in the field of education. With this research, it is aimed to examine the educational values in the poem named “Hazer Kıl Kırma Kalbin Kimsenin Cânını İncitme”, which is included in Muhammed Lutfi's work named Hulâsatü’l- Hakayık. In this study, which was prepared as a qualitative research design, the data was collected by document analysis. Content analysis, one of the qualitative analysis techniques, was used to evaluate the data. The findings of the research were created based on the data collected in the research conducted by the researcher. When Muhammed Lutfi's works are examined, it is seen that they contain many value elements. It has been determined that the values of "humility", "having personality" and "love" are seen the most in the works of Muhammed Lutfi.
Saim Sakaoğlu
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 325-336; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.36

Abstract:
Saim Sakaoğlu, who was born in Konya in 1939, completed his undergraduate education at the Department of Turkish Language and Literature at the Faculty of Literature of Istanbul University. Between1967-1988, he held academic positions at Atatürk University from assistant to associate professor. Between 1988-2006 years, he took part in academic and administrative positions as a professor at Selçuk University. Prof. Dr. Saim Sakaoğlu has 67 books, over 2000 articles, etc. In academic life, he supervised 29 graduate students and 17 doctoral students. Being a member of many national and international institutions and organizations related to his field, Prof. Dr. Saim Sakaoğlu is married and has two children. In this study, Saim Sakaoğlu’s life, writings about him, awards he received and his works are discussed in detail.
Cengiz Alyilmaz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 1-19; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.4

Abstract:
The oldest known use of yorı-, which is one of the most used words of Turkish today, is yürü-. It is known that verb yorı- is used both in historical Turkish dialects, in Turkish and living Turkish dialects and regional dialects in the form of yorı-, yörö-, yörü-, yöri-, yöre-, yürü-, yeri-, jürü-, jeri-, cürü-, ceri-, yor-, yör-, yur-, yür-, cür-, jür-… There are also different opinions about the origin of the verb yorı- >...> yürü-. The verb yorı-, the words that make up this derivative and derived from this verb, belong to the own vocabulary of Turkish. These words are not loaned from any other language. The verb yorı- consists of ٭yo- verb root, /-r+/ verb to noun derivational suffix and /+I-/ noun to verb derivational suffix. This article provides detailed information about the structure and origin of the verb yorı- >...> yürü-.
Kemal Yavuz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 49-70; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.5

Abstract:
Turkish, which has been used as the language of great civilizations for centuries, has also been in intensive relation with the geography it spreads and the cultures it interacts with in the language field. As a result of this relationship, it has been affected from these languages from time to time and has affected these languages from time to time. Today, it is possible to see the traces and effects of these situations. It is possible to encounter many Turkish-based structures in the world languages, as well as many examples from the world languages. Given the relationship between languages, it will be understood that this should be met normally. However, when the historical periods of Turkish are examined, it is seen that the influence of foreign languages increases from time to time in Turkish. Against this increasing and changing effect in every period, Turkish has taken out its own hero in every period and with the awareness of Turkish language, Turkish has made the least damage from these effects. This article focuses on the names and their works that act with the awareness of Turkish language in the historical course and their effects on Turkish in detail.
Cengiz Alyilmaz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 216-227; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.31

Abstract:
On the occasion of the declaration of 2020 as the Year of Bilge Tonyukuk by UNESCO, to keep alive the memory of Bilge Tonyukuk who is the most important statesman in the II. Turkish Khanate period, the 1st International Turkish Literature Culture Education Symposium was organized online between 28-29 August 2020 in partnership with the International Association of Turkish Literature Culture Education, UNESCO National Commission of Turkey, Turkish Language Association, Bursa Uludağ University, Mersin University, Artvin Çoruh University, Western Caspian University, Prishtina University, Georgia Technical University, Valeh Hacılar International Scientific and Cultural Research Foundation, International Journal of Turkish Literature Culture Education, and BUGU Journal of Language and Education. Scientists from many countries, especially from the Turkic World, participated in the symposium. The papers presented at the symposium were broadcasted live simultaneously on the TEKE Academy’ channel on YouTube. In this study, which brought together many scientists specialized in Turcology during the Covid-19 pandemic, information is given about the 1st International Turkish Literature Culture Education Symposium, which contributes to the continuity of studies on Turcology Science without interruption.
Berna Ürün Karahan
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 188-196; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.28

Abstract:
Listening is among the cornerstones of understanding and agreement, in brief communication. The acquirement of this skill is a process that needs to be taken into consideration and dwelled upon attentively. This is because the acquirement of basic skills will also affect the individual’s next learning-teaching and social processes. Positive experiences will turn into positive attitudes. Negative processes will lead to negative attitudes, which may affect the learning and communication processes negatively. Therefore, skill acquirement is a condition that needs to be dwelled upon. Accordingly, in this study, it was aimed to develop the “Listening Attitude Scale” for secondary school five- grade students. The sample of the study consisted of 372 secondary school five-grade students in the city center of Kars who were chosen via the random method. The data of the study were collected in 2019. The assessment tool was developed primarily by creating a question pool and then receiving an expert opinion. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed via the data acquired. As a consequence, a scale, comprising 24 items and one subscale, was obtained. This subscale was named as “listening attitude”. In the five-point Likert scale, the scorings range as follows: “Strongly Agree”, “Agree”, “Uncertain”, “Disagree”, and “Strongly Disagree”. According to the results of the CFA, the fit coefficients of the scale demonstrated that the model had a good fit with the data set. In light of all these results, it was concluded that the scale had a valid and reliable structure. In this sense, it is believed to contribute to the literature.
Kerime Üstünova
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 176-187; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.22

Abstract:
The section titled “Dündar Teacher is Reading Ulus Newspaper” in Adalet Ağaoğlu’s novel, Ölmeye Yatmak, includes the news of Ulus newspaper in 1938. News in the text with notification phrases helps the reader to enter the spirit of the period. When the content of the news is examined, it is seen that the topics that are related to the general of the novel are selected and contain perceptions about the message to be given. The transmitter, who wants the reader to reach inferences using the background information from the given intuitions, makes some guidance with tips in order not to break from the context, thereby paving the way for achieving the correct inferences. The purpose of this study, in which news contents are evaluated by the discourse analysis method, is to present data about the sub-message of news from Ulus newspaper in the novel Ölmeye Yatmak, to determine the stylistic features of the work on the use of statements, inferences, intuition sentences.
Gülay Durmaz
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 251-275; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.34

Abstract:
In Ottoman poetry, the connection between social life and literature became more evident in the 18th century. An analysis of the literary genres would reveal an increase in the number of historical poems, odes, and songs. An analysis of the content would demonstrate that the works of the Ottoman poets bore witnesses to that period. The historical poems were like historical documents that narrated important events of the period. Literature and history are two inseparable fields. This union is of great importance in learning about the past. However, literature reflects the experiences of the period through the eyes of the poet. The present study aimed to provide information about the princes and sultans of the period based on the historical poems of 18th century Ottoman poets. Most of the historical poems were about the birth of the sultan’s children in this period. Whether the child was a boy or a girl, the poets rose to the occasion to make a historical note about the birth. These poems especially the birth of young sultans and about its tradition is also possible to learn. Thus, objective information about the princes and reigning sultans was recorded in history through the emotional filter of the poet and preserved for poems.
Berna Ürün Karahan
BUGU Dil ve Egitim Dergisi, Volume 1, pp 314-324; https://doi.org/10.46321/bugu.29

Abstract:
Writing is one of four main skills of language and it is one of the most important needs of the individuals to agree, understand, and even to leave something to the future in both educational period and their private lives. This skill, which arises from a natural need, is a concept required in all areas of the individuals' lives. For sure, the acquisition and healthy development of this skill should be emphasized. Because the individual is a being that develops and changes at any moment. Considering all these, the skill acquisition process should be examined very carefully. Especially it is an important issue to emphasize the situation of the preservice teachers, who will teach language and its skills and guide students with these skills, about the skills of the language. This study aimed to develop the “Writing Attitude Scale” for preservice teachers. The sample of the study was composed of 375 preservice teachers who were studying at Kafkas University Dede Korkut Faculty of Education and were selected randomly. The study was conducted according to voluntary basis. Firstly, the item pool was prepared and expert opinions were received. The exploratory factor analysis and the confirmatory factor analysis of the scale were performed and developed. Based on the results, it was determined that the scale was composed of 26 items and 1 subscale. This subscale was named “writing attitude”. Then, the internal consistency of the scale was calculated based on Cronbach’s Alpha value and it was concluded to have high reliability. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis also indicated that the scale may also be easily used in different study groups. In this sense, the scale is considered to be valid and reliable.
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