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, Wanigasundera W.A.D.P, Hitinayake H.M.G.S.B
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 54-60; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.45

Abstract:
Municipal Solid Waste Compost (MSWC) is popular with organic agriculture in the world. Nearly 100 authorities in Sri Lanka are involved in producing MSWC. Its timely needed to identify the factors affecting the use of MSWC. The Kurunegala and Kundasale municipalities were selected to identify the socio economic factors affecting the use of MSWC. The users (45) and non-users (35) of MSWC were selected using simple random sampling method. Data were collected using questionnaire and key informant interviews. Majority (51%) of the MSWC users were 36-50 years age category and 60% were high income category. Accordingly, 47% MSWC users were vegetable cultivators. Majority (84%) had a higher knowledge on soil fertility nutrient supply and knowledge on method of production and application was at a moderate level. Spearman correlation and multiple linear regression resulted monthly income, cultivated land extent, farming experience and knowledge on method of production and application showed significant relationship with the amount of MSWC use. Discriminant function analysis resulted knowledge on soil fertility, productivity , nutrient supply and attitude on advantage of using MSWC lead to discriminate the MSWC users and non users. Conducting interactive drama, multimedia and promotional videos to promote MSWC among farming community are recommended.
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 88-93; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.56

Abstract:
The purpose of the study related to the BRI syariah banyuwangi bank bri strength and strategy to improve customer loyalty. The indonesian government has tried to develop tourism based on the potential and ability of people to manage tourism activities. This strategy is realized through the development of a tourism village, one of which is the lombok kulon tourism village in bondowoso regency. This study aims to determine the institutional capacity in developing lombok kulon tourism village. The study was conducted with a descriptive qualitative method. The results of this study indicate that at the organizational level, the pokdarwis "lombok kulon" has shown good capacity in aspects of external partnerships, aspects of tourism potential development, and aspects of promotion of tourism villages. While in the aspects of leadership and coordination, it shows a lack of capacity. While at the individual level, individuals have functional capacity for pioneering the development of tourism potential. However, individuals have a lack of capacity in understanding and applying the village tourism concept.
Rina Dian Agustin, , Nanda Widaninggar
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 70-76; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.48

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the impact of Education and Training Programs, Involvement of System Users, and Human Resources (HR) Competence on the Quality of Accounting Information Systems at PT. Indomarco Adi Prima Jember Branch, since there were ineffective process in selling application, by the late of manager approval and the network problem. The population in this study are all employees who use Information Systems at PT. Indomarco Adi Prima Jember Branch. The analytical method in this study uses the validity and reliability test, the Classic Assumption Test is a normality test, a multicollinearity test, and the heteroscedasticity test. Multiple Linear Regression Analysis, hypothesis test, using t test and coefficient of determination (R2). The results showed that Education and Training Programs, System Users Involvement, and HR Competencies significantly impact the Quality of Accounting Information Systems, and the coefficient of determination (R2) of all independent variables strongly explained the dependent variable.
Ignatius Ngala Kiming, Eric Kongnso Moye, Jude Kwei
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 77-87; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.52

Abstract:
This study aims at analyzing the effects of climate variability on bee farming in Mount Oku. The guiding premise is that climate variability has brought about environmental changes causing a fall in the quantity and quality of honey. A mixed research approach was adopted in collecting data. Questionnaires were administered to 90 purposively selected bee farmers and interviews conducted with key actors in honey production. SPSS, version 20.0 was used to analyze data while the cumulative difference index helped establish climatic anomalies and trends. Findings revealed falling rainfall trends with marked seasonal variations. Temperatures show a rising trend with little but sensitive anomalies. This has affected periods of flowering for bee plants as acknowledged by 97% of bee farmers. Hive colonization rate has been decreasing (74% - 55%), with an increasing rate of abscond (34% -46%), resulting in a reduction in honey yields. Climate variability has increased the magnitude of other environmental stressors such as bush fires and forest degradation, while reducing the growing period of some bee plants. The coping strategies put in place by bee farmers are limited and policies need to address this situation so as to maintain the quality of OKU honey.
Dedy Wijaya Kusuma
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 47-53; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.44

Abstract:
The Indonesian government has tried to develop tourism based on the potential and ability of people to manage tourism activities. This strategy is realized through the development of a tourism village, one of which is the Lombok Kulon Tourism Village in Bondowoso Regency. This study aims to determine the institutional capacity in developing Lombok Kulon Tourism Village. The study was conducted with a descriptive qualitative method. The results of this study indicate that at the organizational level, the POKDARWIS "Lombok Kulon" has shown good capacity in aspects of external partnerships, aspects of tourism potential development, and aspects of promotion of tourism villages. While in the aspects of leadership and coordination, it shows a lack of capacity. While at the individual level, individuals have a good capacity to pioneering the development of tourism potential. However, individuals have a lack of capacity in understanding and applying the village tourism concept.
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 61-69; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.47

Abstract:
Sustainable agriculture and food system resilience are two interrelated things where the assessment of the sustainability of social, ecological, economic and consumption aspects is the main consideration in assessing the resilience of a food system. Kampong Cireundeu is an area that has a group of people who choose staple foods made from cassava instead of rice. Food systems are exposed to natural environmental resources that can be utilized (ecological conditions), political policies and structures, consumption culture and social safety nets that exist in society. This study aims to analyze the conditions of the resilience of the existing food system in Kampong Cireundeu. The food system in Kampong Cireundeu also implements sustainable agriculture. There are four dimensions that are used to explain the resilience of the food system in Kampong Cireundeu, where all three aspects are also included in the indication of sustainable agriculture. The four dimensions are (1) Ecological Dimensions; (2) Economic Dimensions; (3) Consumption Dimensions; (4) Social Dimensions. All of these dimensions are analyzed and the authors conclude that the food system in Kampong Cireundeu is in a vulnerable condition but the choice of cassava staple food could increase the resilience of the food system.
, Nur Hafni Hasim, Furaida Khasanah
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 36-40; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.40

Abstract:
The mental condition of adolescents and children in Indonesia is currently alarming. Adolescents are vulnerable to various problems at the stage of development such as mental and emotional problems related to emotional disturbances, depression, resistance and behavioral disorders. the behavior or actions that arise by each individual depends on the emotional and thought conditions that arise before they decide to do something. The research is a descriptive-analytic study with cross-sectional design aimed to determine the conditions that affect mental health in 80 teenage students of SMK Negeri 1 Sorong. The measuring instrument used was a questionnaire. simple logistic regression analysis test results show that parenting style, motivation and discipline simultaneously have an effect on adolescent mental health with a significance value (0,000 0.005). Adolescents need support including the environment to prevent mental disorders because it has a close relationship with academic success.
Negesse Asnake Ayalew
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 9–14-9–14; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.37

Abstract:
The purpose of the investment is to bring benefits to the owners and sustainable development for the local community and for future generations. Arbitration is the process of resolving legal disputes between individuals, groups and countries. Every investment activity must ensure sustainable development to respect the rights of future generations. However; Canadian zinc smelting companies emit sulfur dioxide and cause air pollution in the United States. This created a dispute between Canada and the United States, then they agreed to settle it through a neutral arbitration court. As a result, this arbitration court ruling creates two principles of international environmental law primarily; the polluter pays the principle and obligation of the state not to damage the environment outside its jurisdiction. This arbitration award establishes the concept of Harm across borders and the principle of polluter pays to ensure the sovereignty of international environmental law. Therefore; if disputes arise between countries, they can resolve them through peaceful dispute resolution mechanisms such as negotiation, mediation and arbitration.
I Putu Jana Praweswara, Ni Made Suindari, I.D.A.M Manik Sastri,
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.61

Abstract:
E-System aims to facilitate taxpayers in carrying out tax obligations, so it is expected that taxpayer compliance will increase and state revenue will also increase. The purpose of this study was conducted to examine the level of compliance of individual taxpayers registered at the Gianyar Primary Service Office by using e-system at the level of compliance. This research was conducted in the working area of ​​the Gianyar Pratama Tax Office. Sampling using slovin formula and a total sample of 100 respondents. The type of data used is primary data using the questionnaire survey method. Data analysis techniques using multiple linear regression. The results of the e-filling variable have a positive effect on the compliance of individual taxpayers, the e-billing variable has a positive influence on the compliance of individual taxpayers, the e-registration variable does not affect the compliance of individual taxpayers. The E-SPT variable does not affect individual taxpayer compliance.
Waqas Ahmad Watto, Abdul Monium, Qurban Ali, Ali Ijaz
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 25-35; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.39

Abstract:
The research purpose was to find out the influence of ethical context on certain employees’ behaviors (OCB-I, OCB-O In-role performance) working in the largest telecom companies of Pakistan. The most valuable asset for an organization is its employees, so the management must fix the factors that hinder their performance. In recent years, employees’ attitudes and behaviors in their work settings have remained the admiring topics in the field of organizational behavior. This study aims to investigate the impact of ethical culture and ethical climate on employee in-role performance and citizenship behavior while considering perceived organizational support as a mediating variable. The sample for this research is consisted of 800 employers and employees working in the top four cellular companies of large cities of Punjab, Pakistan. Statistical Package for Social Science version SPSS 16 is used for data analysis. To check the mediating and direct relationship between key variables of the study, correlation and regression analysis is used. Results indicate that both ethical culture and ethical climate have a positive relationship with employees’ outcomes i.e. in-role performance and organizational citizenship behavior. Perceived organizational support partially mediates the relationship between ethical context and employees’ outcomes.
, Gabriel Ndhlovu, Brian Chanda Chiluba
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 41-46; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.41

Abstract:
Pollution has increased soil lead levels to several thousand parts per million; the major cause of soil lead contamination in Kabwe district is the weathering from the former Zinc-lead mine. Soil lead is a health risk when directly ingested or inhaled as and it is of particular concern for children less than 6 years because of its implication on their growth. Hence this study set out to assess the lead soil content in four different sites of Kabwe district, Central province of Zambia. Literature was reviewed from studies that covered soil lead contamination. a quantitative analytical study was carried out and it involved geographical mapping of four different sites the north, South, East, and West of Kabwe district which were conveniently selected to collect soil Samples which were taken to The University of Zambia School of Mines, Geology Engineering Laboratory to determine the Levels of soil Lead content using a technique called Geo-Chemical Analysis. The results suggest that Chowa area is highly polluted with lead metal according to the globally recommended WHO guidelines and Zambia Environmental Management agency which all states that Residential areas should not exceed 400Kg/mg or parts per million.
Negesse Asnake Ayalew
International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, Volume 1, pp 15-24; https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v1i1.38

Abstract:
The police have the responsibility to balance public protection from harm by respecting the human rights of suspects during prevention and investigation. However, it is difficult to achieve absolute balance because it is determined based on the police because the process or model of crime control, especially in the case of special investigative techniques, is a confidential investigation of serious crimes based on the principles of legality, necessity, proportionality, and adequate protection. The purpose of the doctrinal article evaluates the role of special crime investigation techniques for human trafficking in Ethiopia. Data is collected through document review and interviews with crime investigators, intentionally and in direct contact. Qualitative research and descriptive design. The collected data is analyzed thematically. Research findings that there are some special investigative technical provisions in FDRE criminal justice policies, human trafficking and smuggling of migrant proclamations. However, this legal basis is not as comprehensive as specific types of investigation techniques, who did it and for how long, the requirements for doing this were not answered. Therefore, the House of Representatives must make a law covering all specific investigative techniques for human trafficking in Ethiopia. The Attorney General must also create public awareness about it.
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