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Muhammad Indra Jaya
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 86-99; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i2.506

Abstract:
This research discusses the Analysis of Work Accidents with FMEA and FTA Methods in the Production Section of PT. YYY Lampung Plant. The purpose of this study is to determine the risk factors that cause work accidents, types of work accidents, work accident rates, and the root causes of work accidents in the production department. This research is a quantitative descriptive study with data analysis using FMEA and FTA methods. The data collection method used primary data in the form of work accident data and secondary data in the form of questionnaires to 50 employees. The results showed that the risk factors for work accidents exist in 5 production process activities, namely in the process of selecting raw materials, cutting, weighing, product formation, and finishing. The types of work accidents that often occur are pinched, crushed, sliced, and hit the body, while the highest accident rate with an RPN value of 350.6 is pinched in the finishing process. The results of this RPN value indicate that the number of work accidents is a very high number (> 200). And the root cause of work accidents based on Fault Tree Analysis on work accidents in the form of being squeezed with a RPN value of 350.6 caused by lack of concentration, employees not feeling well, sleepy workers, and limited (narrow) work space. Based on these data, it can be concluded that the level of work accidents should receive special attention.
Zaenal Arifin
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 71-80; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i2.456

Abstract:
This research aimed at finding out whether the performance appraisal, education, length of service and work rank simultaneously or partially influenced employee’s productivity at PT. CPB. Performance appraisal, leadership, education, length of service and work rank simultaneously gave positive and significant influence towards employee’s productivity at PT. CPB. Employee’s productivity at PT. CPB was determined by performance appraisal, leadership, education, length of service and work rank. Employee’s productivity at PT. CPB was significantly influenced by performance appraisal. Employee’s productivity at PT. CPB was significantly influenced by leadership. Employee’s productivity at PT. CPB was significantly influenced by education. Employee’s productivity at PT. CPB was significantly influenced by length of service. Employee’s productivity at PT. CPB not influenced by work rank. The performance appraisal had a major influence on employee’s productivity at PT. CPB which was proved by the high score of regression coefficient of performance appraisal variable (0.963), higher than the regression coefficient of leadership variable (0.538), higher than regression coefficient of education variable (0.009), higher than regression coefficient of length of service variable (0.011), and higher than regression coefficient of work rank variable at (0.010).
Soja Lana Kesuma
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 81-85; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i2.481

Abstract:
Every industry must make gradual improvements in order to be able to compete in the era of globalization. King's Bakery is a home industry that produces bread. The condition of bread marketing in the King's Bakery business has not been maximized. This study aims to determine the order of priority criteria and sub-criteria in the selection of a bread marketing strategy at King's Bakery and which strategy should be chosen by King's Bakery based on the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a method for ranking decision alternatives and selecting the best one with several criteria. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) develops a numerical value to find a ranking or priority order of various alternatives in solving a problem, based on the extent to which each alternative meets the decision maker's criteria. The results of this study obtained an assessment of the importance of the criteria in the selection of a bread marketing strategy showing the following priority or weighting scale: the first priority was place (0.546), the second and third priorities are products and distribution channels with the same value (0.231), and the fourth priority was the organization (0.104). From the results of the assessment of the level of alternative importance in the selection of bread marketing strategies, the priority scale or weights are as follows: the first priority was strategy A (3.614), the second priority was strategy C (2.366), the third priority was strategy B (2,000). The best bread marketing strategy that can be used as an alternative to improve bread marketing was strategy A, because it has the highest overall weight value. With technological innovation, it will accelerate production and facilitate marketing for the company.
Rahmatulloh Rahmatulloh
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 63-70; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i2.357

Abstract:
The loading and Unloading operational activities in port often run into obstacle, because happened malfunction occurrence of the equipment used. Failure to operate the equipment has resulted in downtime decreased of company productivity. Therefore, a system is needed maintenance of planning in order to produce the equipment that can be operated optimally. This research was choosen the company PT. XXX which is a company that enganged in the field maintenance of equipments port operational (quayside container crane, rubber tyre gantry crane, gantry luffing crane, and others) the place where the equipment maintenance system, especially the rubber tyre gantry crane (RTGC) which has been done are still a breakdown maintenance and corrective maintenance. The aim of this research is to analyze by method of reliability centered maintenance (RCM) to able to determined the optimal maintenance and it can be predict steps to overcome the damage that might will happen in the next period based on existing data. From data processing and analysis was obtained that the components most frequently damaged on the equipment of RTGC, cause of failure, selection decision and recommendations for maintenance systems are based on Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM).
Joshua Gianfranco
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 52-62; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i2.405

Abstract:
Bangun Kreasi Abadi is one of the distributors working with PT. Jui Shin Indonesia in marketing and distributing Garuda cement products to several regions in West Java, especially the city of Bandung. In the distribution process, CV Bangun Kreasi Abadi does not send its cement products directly to consumers, but CV. Bangun Kreasi Abadi uses two warehouses as transit points for the delivery of cement products for several regions. The transshipment method has several problems because in the distribution process, products are not sent directly to consumers but must pass through several transit points first. This will result in large costs because the delivery process will be twice as long and will also result in a longer lead time. This study aims to determine the optimal allocation of Garuda cement distribution to produce minimum transportation costs from distributors to warehouses and from warehouses to service points (retailers) using the Transshipment method with the help of Lingo Solver Software. The result of transportation costs from distributors to warehouses is Rp. 25,655,900 and transportation costs from warehouses to retailers of Rp. 26,140,220, the total cost of Garuda cement distribution is Rp. 51,796,120.
Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung Program Studi Farmasi, Samsuar, Akhmad Rokiban, Adityo Hartono, Ratna Setianingsih
Published: 28 September 2021
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung, Volume 10, pp 71-81; https://doi.org/10.37090/jfl.v10i1.497

Abstract:
Research on the isolation of terpenoid class of compounds from the seeds of papaya (Carica papaya L.) and test its activity against Staphylococcus aureus in vivo in male rabbits. This research aims to prove that the terpenoid compounds isolated from the seeds of papaya (Carica papaya L.) can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus in vivo. Separation of terpenoid compounds by column chromatography ((eluent n-hexane: ethyl acetate: ethanol)) resulted in 25 eluates, and then merged based on the results of identification by TLC ((nhexane: ethyl acetate (8: 2)) and the color test reagent Lieburmann -Burchard produce 5 fraction groups. fraction D showed positive terpenoids with Rf 0.75 and the color purple with Lieburmann-Burchard reagent. study using 15 rabbits were divided into 5 groups: P1 (negative control), P2 (positive control) , P3 (5% of the test group), P4 (10% of the test group), P5 (test group 15%). each group was given the intracutaneous Staphylococcus aureus as 0,2ml on the backs of rabbits. Having symptoms of infection each group was given the test substance 3 times a day topically, the observed parameter is the diameter of the wound, and histopathological observations performed on days 3,6 and 9 Analysis of the results of research conducted using ANSIRA showed highly significant differences between groups (p <0.05). Then proceed with the analysis of the results of the analysis HSD test showed highly significant differences in the test group 5% to 10% of the test group and the test group 15%. Isolates terpenoid class of compounds from the seeds of papaya (Carica Papaya L.) with a concentration of 10% and 15% can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Keywords: Antibacterial, Staphylococcus aureus, male rabbits
Lilik Koernia Wahidah, Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung Program Studi Farmasi, Novita Tri Wahyuni, Hijrah, Miftahul Choiriah
Published: 28 September 2021
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung, Volume 10, pp 16-24; https://doi.org/10.37090/jfl.v10i1.493

Abstract:
Hypertension is a condition in which systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg. Hypertension is often found in geriatrics that can affect the onslence of heart disease and blood vessels. Increased cases of hypertension, the rational use of drugs by hypertensive patients is one of the important elements in achieving health quality. The purpose of this study is to find out the harsh use of antihypertensive drugs in outpatient geriatric patients at Dr. A. Dadi Tjokrodipo Hospital bandar Lampung. This type of research is non experimental with a descriptive design using retrospective data with purposive sampling methods. The results of the study were based on the pattern of use of antihypertensive with the ATC/DDD method in hypertension patients in Dr. A. Dadi Tjokrodipo Bandar Lampung city is 5331,03 DDD/1000 KPRJ, there are nine types of antihypertensive used, namely amlodipine, lisinopril, candesartan, irbesartan, furosemide, spironolactone, ramipril, bisoprolol and captopril. Antihypertensive in the drug uses segment 90%, namely amlodipine 44.37%, lisinopril 16.88%, candesartan 15.46% and irbesartan 13.65%. The study was based on 100% patient accuracy criteria, 100% indication accuracy, 89.3% drug accuracy and 92% dose accuracy. The conclusion of this study, the pattern of use of antihypertensive widely used is amlodipine amounting to 2365.52 DDD/1000 KPRJ, antihypertensive that enters the drug uses segment 90% namely amlodipine, lisinopril, candesartan and irbesartan.Keywords: Antihypertensive, Geriatrics, Outpatient, Drug Use
Nofita Nofita, Universitas Malahayati Bandar Lampung Program Studi Farmasi
Published: 28 September 2021
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung, Volume 10, pp 62-70; https://doi.org/10.37090/jfl.v10i1.496

Abstract:
Dayak onion (Eleutherine polmifolia (L.) Merr) was a typical plant of Kalimantan. Empirically dayak onion (Eleutherine polmifolia (L.) Merr) used by the comunity to treat skin infections. The purpose of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract of dayak onion power against Salmonella typhi and Escherichia coli bacteria. The highest concentration used was 100%, and the lowest concentration was 0,5%. As a control of cloramfenikol for Salmonella typhi and ciprofloxacin for Escherichia coli bacteria. This research method used agar diffusion. The results showed the ethanol extract of dayak onion (Eleutherine polmifolia (L.) Merr) contained flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and phenols with the highest levels was by tannins at 7,45%. Dayak onion (Eleutherine polmifolia (L.) Merr) are inhibiting the growth of Salmonella typhi bacteria at a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)of 1% with a inhibition zone diameter of 6,24 mm and 0,9% with a inhibition zone diameter of 6,20 mm at Escherichia coli bacteria.Keywords : Eleutherine polmifolia (L.) Merr, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli, Agar diffusion, MIC
Eny Sulistyowati, Muh. Ali Masnun, Mahendra Wardhana, Arinto Nugroho, Nurul Hikmah
Published: 27 September 2021
Keadilan, Volume 19, pp 79-91; https://doi.org/10.37090/keadilan.v19i2.485

Abstract:
The real contribution of fish farmer in the development of the national economy through the amount of fisheries production is not followed by the level of welfare of the fish farmer. That the welfare of fish farmers to be able to fulfill their needs with the income they obtain is still very limited. This article aims to analyze the legal empowerment model of fish farmer through the triple helix model development approach. This research is a sociolegal research which is a mixed method between legal research methods and social science. The data used are primary data and secondary data. The results showed that normatively, the role provisions of the government and fish breeders have been clearly regulated, but the provisions for tertiary institutions have not been regulated, even though the role played by universities is no less important. Higher education as one of the elements in the triple helix has human resources who are able to provide knowledge and understanding related to production sharing agreements through legal assistance and mentoring workshops. The government is responsible for the welfare of its citizens, not only acting as a regulator, but also as a facilitator, dynamist and catalyst. Keywords : Legal Empowerment, Fish Farmer,Triple Helix
Riza Yudha Patria
Published: 27 September 2021
Keadilan, Volume 19, pp 120-129; https://doi.org/10.37090/keadilan.v19i2.486

Abstract:
Absract Children are interpreted as a gift from God to make them happy and strengthen the bond of love between a husband and wife. In fact, there are married couples who do not have the desired offspring, for various reasons, ranging from medical causes to hereditary factors. Married couples will try to bring children in the middle of their domestic life, by adopting children. The problem in this paper is the requirements for adopting a child and the status of an adopted child according to civil law. The purpose of this study was to find out how the process of applying for child adoption. The approach method used in this research is the statutory approach. The method of presenting data in this research is done descriptively. The analysis used in this paper is conceptual. The results of the study indicate that the conditions for adopting a child can be carried out in accordance with the Circular Letter of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia NO. 6/83 which regulates how to adopt a child stating that to adopt a child, you must first submit an application. Keywords: Civil law, Adoption, Child
Suci Permata, Tami Rusli, Melisa Safitri
Published: 27 September 2021
Keadilan, Volume 19, pp 130-140; https://doi.org/10.37090/keadilan.v19i2.314

Abstract:
Karaoke places are in great demand from various circles. All karaoke places have the same goal, which is to provide entertainment for the family or take a moment to unwind from the daily routine. Karaoke places always serve songs with various choices from all the creations of Indonesian singers. But of course the songs that are served have been licensed first. Regarding this license, basically it must be agreed by both parties without coercion. Copyright protection, especially for music or song creations, is a serious problem. This situation shows that there is still a need for stricter legal protection regarding the protection of royalties on a song or music copyrighted work and the protection of the rights contained therein. The purpose of the study was to determine the implementation of copyright royalty payments on songs between the creator and karaoke entertainment business actors and the inhibiting factors for the payment of copyright royalties on songs between the creator and performer in karaoke entertainment at Orange Family Karaoke. The method used in this research is empirical juridical. The data that has been systematically arranged were analyzed qualitatively. The results showed that the distribution of royalties is managed by the Collective Management Institute (LMK). The institution is authorized by the creator to exercise the economic rights of the creator. The barrier to royalty payments is due to the lack of socialization and understanding of royalty payments and the high cost of royalty payments. Keywords: Royalty, Copyright, Karaoke
Alfredo Juniotama Arifin, Ruth Elizabeth Marlamb Putri, Tiara Patricia
Published: 27 September 2021
Keadilan, Volume 19, pp 104-120; https://doi.org/10.37090/keadilan.v19i2.484

Abstract:
In running a business, every producer who has a work must be appreciated for his work. The form of appreciation can be done by registering his work to get intellectual property rights so that it can be protected by law. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are exclusive rights granted by a law or regulation to a person or group of people for their copyrighted works. In Indonesia IPR has not been implemented properly due to lack of socialization from the government and lack of concern from the community. This encourages the Indonesian government to be more concerned about copyright infringement. Along with the implementation process, it is undeniable that there are still many individuals who do not comply and use a work for commercial purposes. The research method used is the juridical-normative research method. For example, on January 13, 2020, Ruben Samuel Onsu sued I Am Geprek Bensu belonging to PT. Benny Sujono or abbreviated as I Am Geprek Bensu with a trademark abuse lawsuit. There is a need for government supervision of the use of other people's copyrighted works, good coordination between the government and the community so as to minimize the opportunity to commit fraud against a work. Based on the results of the study of cases that occurred, that victims of IPR violations are protected by law based on a first to file system. Keywords : Intellectual Property Rights, Legal Protection, Intellectual Property Rights Violation Victims
Dilla Nandya Oksitania, Erlina B, Yulia Hesti
Published: 27 September 2021
Keadilan, Volume 19, pp 92-103; https://doi.org/10.37090/keadilan.v19i2.483

Abstract:
Land is the most important element for humans to be able to live, this is because it is where natural and man-made resources grow and are also built. Indonesia regulates land ownership through this land law so that land use or management can be carried out carefully now and in the future. The land issue concerns the most basic rights of the people. The purpose of the study was to determine the consignment process in the District Court as a form of settlement of compensation for toll road land acquisition and its legal consequences. The results showed that the consignment process for compensation began with an application for consignment safekeeping, then an offer was made by the court bailiff accompanied by 2 (two) witnesses at the respondent's residence. The consignment waives the obligation as the debtor, because the consignment can be equated with making payments. All processes must be carried out in a manner that has been regulated by laws and regulations. Consignment is carried out so that government projects continue to run, through a deliberation mechanism that should be a means to find a middle way in determining the amount of compensation, often no agreement is reached. Keywords : Sumatra Toll Road, Consignment, Land Acquisition.
Fitria Sekar Ningsih, Fakultas Peternakan Program Studi Peternakan, Novi Eka Wati, Miki Suhadi
Published: 24 September 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 60-65; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i2.463

Abstract:
This aim of study was to determined effect of red ginger flour (Zingiber Officinale Var Rubrum) as herbal feed additive in Broiler Chiken on feed comsumption, daily body weight gain and feed conversion ratio.The research was conducted on September – Oktober 2020 at Gisting Atas Village, Gisting District, Tanggamus Regency, Lampung. The experiment used 80 unisex Broiler aged 1 week. They were feed a ration with control ration + 0% red ginger flour (P0), control ration + 0,25% red ginger flour (P1), control ration + 0,5% red ginger flour (P2), control ratio + 0,75% red ginger flour (P3) during 20 days. The control ration containing 21% crude protein and 3108 kkal/kg metabolism energy. The study used a quantitative methods with completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications. The results showed that the ration had no effect (P> 0,05) on feed comsumption, daily weight gain and conversion ratio. The conclution of the research showed that the addition of level red ginger flour (Zingiber Officinale Var Rubru) until 0,75% as herbal feed additive in Broiler Chiken no effect on feed comsumption, daily body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. Keywords: Red ginger flour, Broiler, Feed Comsumption, Daily Weight Gain, Feed Conversion Ratio.
Dadang Suherman, Sutriyono Sutriyono, Riko Herdiansah
Published: 24 September 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 41-49; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i2.359

Abstract:
The study was purposed to find out income and profitability was achieved by a Sumber Mulya dairy farm. Research was held in July – Agust 2018 in Sumber Mulya dairy farm Kepahiang. The methods used in this research is case study method. Primary Data obtained through interviews with the respondents and recording. Data obtained for time 12 months on technical aspects and financial data covering production costs, data revenue, income data, the amount of data the data the amount of milk production and livestock lactation. Secondary data retrieved from the data contained in these farms. Data analysis used analysis formulas use income and profitability ratios. The result showed that Sumber Mulya Dairy cattle farm was net incomeaverages per month is Rp. 5,427,176,91 with the number of 7.00 averagecows lactation flat tail. Total cost per month of Rp.10,032,823.29 Profitability achieved by the company said 10,78% profitable because the value of profitability is greater than the interest rate a bank of 4.35%. Key word : income, dairy farm, profitability, dairy farm, milk production
M. Fadhlirrahman Latief, Universitas Hasanuddin Fakultas Peternakan, Ardi Salam, Nirmala Munir, Widya Fatika Sari, Takbir Mulawansyah
Published: 24 September 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 50-59; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i2.461

Abstract:
Kulawu Tello is a stone that is believed by the community that come from inside the egg, usually this stone is used in the breeding of laying hens (layers) by breeders, especially in overcoming the problem of soft shelled egg. In this study aims to determine the effect of Kulawu Tello on the local community. The sample in this study was 78 people consisting of layer farmers who use and know about Kulawu Tello, local historians and the village head of Manisa Village. This research is descriptive, using a questionnaire to determine the level of trust of the Sidenreng Rappang community on the magical ability of Kulawu Tello in improving the performance of layers. The level of trust of each individual varies depending on how they believe in something according to what has been done. In general, people have high level of trust in the efficacy of Kulawu Tello stone because it has been used in their livestock business. It can be concluded that the level of public trust in Kulawu Tello in overcoming soft egg shells is very high, namely 52.56%, the percentage of moderate trust level is 21.38% and those who have a low level of trust are 5.13%. As for the level of public trust in Kulawu Tello in order to improving the performance of layers around 47.44%, the percentage of medium trust level around 26.49% and those who have a low level of trust around 4.27%. Keywords: belief, kulawu tello, magic, soft shelled egg.
Amir Husaini Karim Amrullah, Fregi Fehriansah, Irma Badarina, Fakultas Pertanian Jurusan Peternakan
Published: 24 September 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 66-75; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i2.478

Abstract:
The study aims to evaluate the use of palm decanter on storability and palatability of pellet rabbit feed. There were four treatments, P0: rabbit pellets 0% palm decanter, P1: rabbit pellets 5% palm decanter, P2: rabbit pellets 10% palm decanter, P3: rabbit pellets 15% palm decanter. Pellets are prepared based on the standard nutritional needs of rabbits. Pellets were stored in 0.5 kg plastic bags for 0, 7, 14, and 21 days. Moisture, crude fat, and organoleptic content were carried out on pellet with storage times 0, 7, 14, and 21 days. Organoleptic was carried out by 20 panelists. Palatability was carried out for a pellet with seven days of storage and given to 5 rabbits. The moisture and crude fat content of pellet in all treatments ranged from 8.63-10.17%. The higher the palm decanter content, the pellet color tends to be black with a value of 2.6-4.3. The use of 15% palm decanter can cause pellets to have a slightly rancid aroma and a characteristic solid odor. The use of 15% palm decanter did not have a significant effect on rabbit feed consumption with the consumption range 74.93-145.73 g. The study concluded that rabbit pellets containing up to 15% palm mud with a storage time of 21 days did not reduce storability. Pellets containing up to 15% palm mud with a storage time of 7 days did not reduce palatability in rabbits. Key Words: palm decanter, pellet, rancidity, feed, palatability
Suharyanto Suharyanto, Fakultas Pertanian Program Studi Peternakan, Edi Soetrisno, Riza Surya Islamiati
Published: 24 September 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 76-88; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i2.479

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the effect of soaking broiler eggs into boiled water of melinjo (Gnetum gnemon L.) leaves with different concentrations on the total microbial shell and Specific Gravity of broiler eggs. This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Husbandry, Department of Animal Husbandry, University of Bengkulu and UPTD Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health at the Department of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Bengkulu Province. The research used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and each design consisted of 4 replications. P0: Control chicken eggs without soaking in boiled water of melinjo leaves (ARDM). P1: (ARDM) 15%. P2: (ARDM) 30%. P3: (ARDM) 45%. The variables observed in this study were the percentage change in egg weight, the percentage of egg shell weight, specific gravity and TPC (Total Plate Count) of broiler eggs. The results showed that broiler eggs soaked with boiled water from melinjo leaves at a concentration of 15% - 45% had a significant effect (P0.05) on the proportion of shell weight, specific gravity and TPC (Total Plate Count) of broiler eggshells. Immersion of broiler eggs using boiled water of melinjo leaves was not able to reduce the number of egg shells, but was able to distinguish differences in egg weight, shell weight and could produce 21 days of storage compared to eggs without air soaking boiled melinjo leaves (control). Keywords: broiler eggs, melinjo leaves, Specific gravity, TPC (Total Plate Count)
Arsy Fauziah, Isna Mulyani, Rizki Nisfi Ramdhini
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung, Volume 10, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.37090/10.37090/jfl.v9i1.325

Abstract:
Oksidasi bisa terjadi bukan hanya pada kulit saja melainkan rambut juga bisa mengalamiproses oksidasi. Paparan sinar UV-A, UV-B, polutan dan bahan kimia yang digunakanpada rambut berpotensi untuk menyebabkan oksidasi. Antosianin diketahui memiliki efekantioksidan karena merupakan senyawa turunan flavonoid. Penelitian ini bertujuan untukmengembangkan formula sampo yang mengandung ekstrak ubi jalar ungu sebagaisumber antioksidan. Formula dibuat dengan menggunakan bahan natrium lauril sulfat,NaCl, propilen glikol, metil dan rpopil paraben dan ekstrak ubi jalar ungu. Optimasi sediaanhanya dilakukan pada variasi konsentrasi NaCl sebagai peningkat viskositas di konsentrasi2%, 3% dan 4%. Evaluasi sediaan meliputi uji organoleptik, pH, bobot jenis, dayapembersihan, tinggi dan stabilitas busa. Sediaan memiliki pH yang memenuhi rentangpersyaratan sediaan maupun stabilitas antosianin. Perbandingan tinggi busa pada waktu20 menit terhadap waktu 1 menit yang dihasilkan oleh formula 1,2,3 berturut-turut 1 ; 0,8dan 0,5. Bobot jenis yang dihasilkan sediaan pada formula 1, 2, 3 secara berturut-turutadalah 1,0409 ; 1,1 dan 1,116 . Sampo dengan formula 2 yang dengan variasi NaCl padakonsentrasi 3% secara aplikasi paling nyaman untuk digunakan karena memilikikekentalan paling sesuai.Kata Kunci: Sampo antioksidan, ubi jalar, antosianin.
Yuli Wahyu Tri Mulyani, Akhmad Rokiban, Galih Cipto Mahendra
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung, Volume 10, pp 10-15; https://doi.org/10.37090/jfl.v10i1.492

Abstract:
Yellow kepok banana peel (Musa balbisiana) contains antibacterial compounds against S. epidermidis, S. aureus and P.acne. This study aims to proved the antibacterial activity of the yellow kepok banana peel extract fractionated using ethanol as a solvent against S.epidermidis, S.aureus and P.acne. The yellow kepok banana peel extraction process was carried out by maceration method with 70% ethanol followed by fractionation to obtain ethanol fraction. Antibacterial activity testing using nutrient agar (NA) media with wells method with a concentration of 25,000 ppm, 50,000 ppm, 100,000 ppm, aquadest as a negative control and clindamycin as a positive control. The phytochemical test of the ethanol fraction showed the content of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins and quinones. The results of the inhibition zone diameter of the ethanol fraction at a concentration of 100,000 ppm against S. epidermidis (11.87 mm), S. aureus (12.04 mm) and P. acne (11.35 mm). The test is to determined the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) the minimum inhibitory concentration value of the ethanol fraction of S. epidermidis, S. aureus is 20,000 ppm and for P. acne is 17,500 ppm. The conclusion of this studied was that the ethanol fraction of kepok yellow banana peel extract has inhibitory and bacteriostatic properties against S. epidermidis, S. aureus and P.acne bacteria.Keywords: alkaloids,Ant ibacter ial , flavonoids , Fractionated, Musa balbisiana
Isna Mulyani, Rizki Nisfi Ramdhini, Syaikhul Aziz
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung, Volume 10, pp 54-61; https://doi.org/10.37090/jfl.v10i1.495

Abstract:
Kepok banana peel is an organic waste that has potential to be reused. Several studies proofed that banana peels have antioxidant activity, antimicrobial, inhibit the formation of cholesterol crystals and gallstones, diuretic effect, and mutagenic effect. This study aims to identify secondary metabolites contained in kepok banana peels using qualitative test methods (phytochemical screening) and thin layer chromatography analysis. The results of the phytochemical screening of kepok banana peel indicated the presence of alkaloids, monoterpenes/sesquiterpenes, phenols/tannins, saponins,and quinones. Thin layer chromatographic profile of ethanol extract showed the presence of flavonoid, phenol, and quinone compounds.Keywords: Phytochemical, chromatography, banana peel
Rizki Nisfi Ramdhini, Isna Mulyani, Syaikhul Aziz
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung, Volume 10, pp 82-91; https://doi.org/10.37090/jfl.v10i1.498

Abstract:
Peanut peel are a waste product of the peanut processing industry with little commercial value. Some of studies have been conducted indicating peanut peel can be beneficial as a source for traditional medicinal products since it is also rich of antioxidants. The aim of this research was to identify the content of secondary metabolites on the peanut peel. The method used was maseration with 96% ethanol. Phytochemical screening and assaying were performed using thin layer chromatography (TLC) method. The results of TLC analysis showed that the secondary metabolites in peanut peel were positive for flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and quinon. Keywords: Peanut peel, Phytochemical, Thin-Layer chromatography (TLC)
Winda Trisna Wulandari, Gina Nur Fitria Mulyana Putri, Hisni Nurul Fajri, Indah Alvina Damayanti, Silvia Rahmawati, Dina Lestari
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung, Volume 10, pp 25-53; https://doi.org/10.37090/jfl.v10i1.494

Abstract:
COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease-2019) is an infectious disease caused by the acute respiratory syndrome SARS-CoV-2. Currently, the COVID-19 disease outbreak is experienced by various countries around the world, including Indonesia. In overcoming it, there are several ways of deterrence that can be done, such as by increasing the body's immunity. During the COVID-19 pandemic, maintaining immunity is something that needs to be considered. In addition to vitamins, herbal plants that have the potential as immunomodulators can also be consumed. Therefore, through efforts to improve theimmune system, this review aims to obtain plants that have the potential as immunomodulators to enhance the immune system during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method in the review used journals available online at Google Scholar with Sinta or Garuda accredited journals. The main focus of this review is herbal plants that have a role as an immunomodulator that can improve the body's immune system. The journals used are journals published in 2011-2021 with inclusion criteria, namely using Indonesian or English about plants that have the potential as immunomodulators, then the journalsobtained are analyzed. The results obtained were 30 types of plants that have potential as immune system enhancers including Dayak Onion Tubers, Papaya Leaves, Kecombrang Fruits, Pineapple Fruits, Kesambi, Soursop Leaves, Purslane, Garlic, Dates, Celery Leaves, Andaliman, Mahkota Dewa Fruit. , Moringa, Meniran, Noni Fruit, Gotu Kola, Sambiloto, Kiseureuh, Javanese Chili, Tempuyung Leaves, Basil Leaves, Ceplukan, Seaweed, Neem Leaves, Red Betel Leaf, Salam Leaves, Guava, Turmeric, Lime and Red Ginger Rhizome with compounds that act as flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, triterpenoids,xeronin, tannins, quersentin, -tocopherol, lycopene, catechins, diterpenoids, deoxyandrographolide, andrographolide, epicatechin isothiocyanate and curcumin. Keywords: COVID-19, Potency of Immumodulator Plants, Flavonoids
Melan Susanty Purnamasari, UniversitasTulangBawangLampung Jurusan Administrasi Niaga
Business Perspective Journal, Volume 1, pp 31-45; https://doi.org/10.37090/bpj.v1i1.419

Abstract:
Pepsodent toothpaste products attract consumers from the physical side and benefits so that consumers get information from Pepsodent toothpaste products for consideration in purchasing decisions. Therefore, companies need to study and know consumer or community responses to Pepsodent toothpaste, factors that can fulfill consumer desires and how far the position of this product is in the minds of consumers.This study analyzes how the marketing strategy of Pepsodent toothpaste products in increasing the sales volume of PT. Unilever Tbk. Bandar Lampung area. The purpose of this study is to find out what strategies can be done to increase the sales volume of PT. Unilever Tbk. Bandar Lampung area with a descriptive-qualitative research method, the key informant in this study was a branch manager of PT. Unilever Tbk. Bandar Lampung area, agent and marketing of Pepsodent products PT. Unilever Tbk. Bandar Lampung area, while the informants in this study were regular consumers of Pepsodent Toothpaste products in Bandar Lampung. Keywords: marketing strategy, sales volume, product
Lies Kumara Dewi, UniversitasTulangBawangLampung Jurusan Administrasi Niaga
Business Perspective Journal, Volume 1, pp 84-93; https://doi.org/10.37090/bpj.v1i1.423

Abstract:
In government ethics, there is a prevailing assumption that through the appreciation of good ethics, an apparatus will be able to build a commitment to make himself an example of goodness and maintain government morality. Good government officials and have high morals, will always guard themselves in order to avoid disgraceful acts, because they are called to maintain the mandate given, through imaging the behavior of daily life. Within the scope of the government profession, for example, there are certain values ​​that must be upheld in order to maintain the image of a government capable of carrying out its duties and functions. Trends or symptoms that arise today, many bureaucratic apparatus in carrying out their duties often violate the rules of the game that have been set. Cases related to ethical violations in the government bureaucracy such as corruption and gratification (bribery) involve many professions in violating ethics such as state administration officials, regional heads, legislators, prosecutors, judges, police, tax officials, and so on. Bureaucratic Ethics is part of the rules of the game in the Bureaucracy or Civil Service organization which structurally has regulated the rules of the game, which we know as. Code of Ethics for Civil Servants, which has been regulated by the Civil Service Act. To be more effective in delivering the code of ethics, the code of ethics can be read together -the same on certain occasions which is sometimes followed by a discourse from a ceremonial leader called a ceremonial inspector, the intention is to create favorable moral conditions in experienced organizations and to cultivate the necessary mental attitude, as well as to create good morals. The Code of Ethics is usually read in flag ceremonies, monthly ceremonies or ceremonies anniversary of the organization concerned, and national ceremonies. In order to create a more ethical Bureaucratic Apparatus according to the above expectations, it is necessary to make efforts and training in that direction as well as to enforce strict and clear sanctions for those who violate the code of ethics regardless of their rank and position. Anyone who violates the code of ethics, whether it's superiors or subordinates, must be dealt with firmly to create a deterrent effect. Therefore, in relation to the Code of Ethics for Civil Servants, it must really animate, appreciate and implement the employment rules that have been determined or set as the rules of the game for the Bureaucratic apparatus. Keywords: bureaucratic ethics, government
Aprilianto Amir, Fisip Program Studi Administrasi Bisnis
Business Perspective Journal, Volume 1, pp 11-30; https://doi.org/10.37090/bpj.v1i1.418

Abstract:
Human resources have a very important role in an agency, for that in order for the agency to achieve goals as expected, high employee motivation is needed. Generating a high employee motivation is not easy to implement. Therefore, employees should be given appropriate incentives so that the desired employee motivation can be achieved. The provision of incentives can be done by providing annual bonuses, employee welfare, and promotions. As for the main problem with this research is "does the provision of incentives affect the work motivation of employees at the Office of the Education Quality Assurance Institute (LPMP) Bandar Lampung?" In line with the main problem, the authors propose the hypothesis "There is a positive influence between the provision of incentives on employee motivation at the Office of the Education Quality Assurance Institution (LPMP) Bandar Lampung". In the research that the author did, the research variable was the provision of incentives as the independent variable (X) while employee motivation as the dependent variable (Y). Furthermore, the proposed sample is 26 employees which is 25% of the total population, namely 105 employees. The type of research in this writing is qualitative and quantitative research with the method used is to collect data by means of surveys or field research. While the data collection techniques by means of observation, documentation, interviews and questionnaires. Then to test the hypothesis using qualitative and quantitative analysis which is the type of this writing, with statistical formulas. Quantitative analysis using the product moment formula and obtained: rxy product moment = 0.714. Confused with the level of evenness of the 2 variables being at a high level of closeness, it means that the incentive distribution has a very high relationship with employee performance. To find out the effect of giving incentives on employees' work motivation, using a determinant coefficient with a result of 51%, while other factors 49% were not examined including leadership style, office layout, atmosphere (work climate) of employees. Keywords: incentives, work motivation, Education Quality Assurance Institute
Suradi Suradi, UniversitasTulangBawangLampung Jurusan Administrasi Niaga
Business Perspective Journal, Volume 1, pp 60-75; https://doi.org/10.37090/bpj.v1i1.421

Abstract:
The Population and Civil Registration Office of South Lampung Regency is one of the South Lampung Regency Government Agencies that directly provides public services, as stated in the Decree of the South Lampung Regent Number 11 of 2003 concerning the Job Description of the Office of Population and Civil Registration of South Lampung Regency. In connection with the foregoing, the Department of Population and Civil Registration of South Lampung Regency has the responsibility to carry out the said public service which is also based on the goal of excellent service in order to create good governance. Community satisfaction in receiving service from the service is measured by understanding the dimensions of service quality that are closely related to community satisfaction, namely tangiables (physical evidence), relianility (reliability), responsiveness (responsiveness), assurance (guarantee) and empathy. The purpose of this study was to determine the forms of financial motivation implemented at the Department of Population and Civil Registration of South Lampung Regency, therefore the hypothesis proposed in this study was "There is a positive influence between financial motivation on employee performance". Meanwhile, the data collection method used is the method of observation, interviews, documentation and questionnaires. While the analysis used is qualitative and quantitative. From the calculation of the data analysis, it is obtained that r count 0.899 when consulted with the r value of the moment product label for N 49 both at a significant level of 5% = 0.325 and a significant level of 1% = 0.418 turns out that r count is greater than r table or r 0.899 > 0.325 and 0.899 > 0.418. Thus, it can be shown that there is a positive relationship between financial motivation and employee performance at the Department of Population and Civil Registration of South Lampung Regency. In other words, the better the financial motivation by the leadership to subordinates or employees, the better the employee's work performance will be. Keywords: financial motivation, employee achievement, population and civil registration services
Suryani Suryani, UniversitasTulangBawangLampung Jurusan Administrasi Niaga
Business Perspective Journal, Volume 1, pp 46-59; https://doi.org/10.37090/bpj.v1i1.420

Abstract:
In this era of digitalization, the development of technology and information is running very rapidly, resulting in an increasingly fierce business competition. This makes producers to think critically, creatively, and innovatively to the changes that occur, both in the social, cultural, political and economic fields. The most important thing that a company should do to succeed in business competition is to try to build a company strategy to achieve the goal of increasing and retaining consumers of the Carvil Brand Store - Yos Sudarso in Bandar Lampung. Carvil remains consistent with current achievements, and continues to develop a variety of new and innovative designs for sandals and shoes for women, men, children, teenagers and adults to the elderly at Carvil Lampung brand stores – Yos Sudarso Bandar Lampung. This is descriptive quantitative, observational data collection techniques, questionnaires, secondary data, and documents conducted by research at the Carvil-Yos Sudarso brand store in Bandar Lampung. Based on the results of research that has been carried out to find empirical evidence about the influence of promotion, quality, and price on the decision to purchase Carvil brand sandals and shoes at Carvil Lampung – Yos Sudarso Bandar Lampung. Keywords: price, quality, promotion, purchase decision
Eka Ubaya Taruna Rauf, UniversitasTulangBawangLampung Jurusan Administrasi Niaga
Business Perspective Journal, Volume 1, pp 76-83; https://doi.org/10.37090/bpj.v1i1.422

Abstract:
This study entitled The Role of Libraries in Improving the Reading Culture of Students in the State Administration Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Sang Bumi Ruwa Jurai University aims to determine the role of libraries which consists of four components, namely librarians, collections, management and spatial management. in improving the reading culture of students in the State Administration Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Sang Bumi Ruwa Jurai University. This research uses a descriptive method. The data collection technique used is by distributing questionnaires, interviews, observations and literature studies. The results of the research can be said that the librarian in the library of the State Administration Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Sang Bumi Ruwa Jurai University has a role in increasing the reading culture of students, collections in the library of the State Administration Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Sang Bumi University. Ruwa Jurai has a role in increasing students' reading culture, library management in the library of the State Administration Science Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Sang Bumi University. Ruwa Jurai has a role in increasing students' reading habit, and the layout of the library in the Administrative Sciences Study Program library. The State Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Sang Bumi Ruwa Jurai has a role in increasing the reading culture of students. Keywords: library, culture, love to read
Suhartina Suhartina, UniversitasTulangBawangLampung Jurusan Administrasi Niaga
Business Perspective Journal, Volume 1, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.37090/bpj.v1i1.417

Abstract:
Aii Collection is a fashion store in the clothing business that focuses on fulfilling the needs of women, located on Jln. Pangeran Antasari, Number 8B, Bandar Lampung City. This study analyzes the strategies that can be carried out in order to increase women's fashion business opportunities at the Aii Collection store. The purpose of this research is to find out what strategies can be done to increase sustainable business opportunities at the Aii Colection store by using qualitative research methods. Data collection techniques are field research and interviews, which clearly describe how these factors are interrelated in the Aii Collection effort by analyzing using SWOT analysis and IFE EFE matrix tools. From the research results, SWOT matrix analysis and SWOT cartesius diagram shows that the Aii collection effort is in quadrant I, with values ​​(1.92 and 1.55). Where is a situation that will benefit and it is known that the company is still a developing company. The best strategy that can be applied to the Aii Collection business is the aggressive strategy or the Growth Oriented Strategy. Keywords: IFE EFE, strategy, business opportunities, SWOT
Yuli Evadianti, Siti Nur Jubaidah
Journal Media Public Relations, Volume 1, pp 23-28; https://doi.org/10.37090/jmp.v1i1.411

Abstract:
Peranan reputasi merupakan hal yang paling penting dalam membangun sebuah citra. Penurunan citra mengharuskan adanya tindakan yang diambil untuk mengantisipasi permasalahan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Situasional Crisis Communication Theory dan Image Restoration Theory. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana mempertahankan reputasi dalam re- branding Balai Pengobatan Bunda Asri Natar dan untuk mengetahui apa saja yang dapat menurunkan reputasi Balai Pengobatan Bunda Asri. Sumber data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Berdasarkan analisis data yang dilakukan diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa dalam rangka Rebranding Balai Pengobatan Bunda Asri Natar pemulihan nama baik yang dibangun selama bertahun-tahun terlihat dari data jumlah customer atau pasien yang menigkat disetiap tahunnya. Kata Kunci: Komunikasi, Re-Branding, Image, Komunikasi kesehatan
Thabita Carolina, Nuryana Nuryana
Journal Media Public Relations, Volume 1, pp 18-22; https://doi.org/10.37090/jmp.v1i1.410

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana cara Perut Bulat Café&Resto dalam menerapkan strategi promosi melalui media sosial Instagram. Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan Marketing Mix Theory, yaitu 4P: product, price, place, promotion. Selain itu digunakan pula fitur-fitur Instagram dan teori New Media. Penelitian ini menggunakan tujuh informan yang terdiri dari dua pihak restoran dan lima orang konsumen. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkap bahwa pemanfaatan sosial media sebagai media promosi sudah cukup efektif. Fitur-fitur instagram yang digunakan untuk kegiatan promosi pun mudah diterima oleh masyarakat. Kata Kunci: Strategi, Promosi, Instagram, Produk.
Nofrans Kurniawan, Ahmad Hidayat
Journal Media Public Relations, Volume 1, pp 6-12; https://doi.org/10.37090/jmp.v1i1.408

Abstract:
Adapun permasalahannya adalah program Corporate Social Responsibility apa yang telah dirancang oleh PT. PLN (Persero) Unit Induk Distribusi Lampung. Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk mengetahui program Corporate Social Responsibility yang telah dirancang oleh PT. PLN (Persero) Unit Induk Distribusi Lampung. Dalam penelitian ini peneliti menggunakan Teori Kontrak Sosial (Social Contract Theory). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif. Subjek penelitian dalam penelitian ini adalah Divisi CSR PT. PLN (Persero) Unit Induk Distribusi Lampung yang mencakup officer CSR dan masyarakat. Pengambilan data dengan menggunakan tehnik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa strategi komunikasi dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat melalui program corporate social responsibility yang menjadi dua program yaitu program kemitraan dan program bina lingkungan. Dalam pembagian modal dana mengikuti pimpinan pusat yang disesuaikan dengan pelaksanaan strategi yang dibuat setiap wilayah masing-masing. Bantuan yang diberikan oleh PLN (Persero) Unit Induk Distribusi Lampung diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat baik di bidang ekonomi, pendidikan dan sosial. Kata Kunci: Strategi Komunikasi, PT. PLN (Persero) Unit Induk Distribusi Lampung, Kesejahteraan Masyarakat, Corporate Social Responsibility
Fitriyanti Fitriyanti, Fine Sifaninda
Journal Media Public Relations, Volume 1, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.37090/jmp.v1i1.407

Abstract:
Penelitian ini berjudul "Budaya Partisipasi Komunitas Cosplay Lampung Pada Facebook", tujuan dan kegunaan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana kontribusi anggota komunitas Cosplay Lampung dalam memanfaatkan media sosial Facebook. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan jenis kualitatif. Landasan teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Teori Participatory Culture oleh Henry Jenkins. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah dengan wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini yaitu dapat dilihat dari keanggotaan yang bersifat bebas, akrab dan kekeluargaan, kemudian kreatifitas berupa karya pembuatan kostum hingga karya digital, kontribusi selanjutnya yaitu kerjasama mengadakan event guna mempererat solidaritas, hingga membuat media baru yaitu instagram dengan tujuan eksistensi komunitas. Kata Kunci: Facebook, Komunitas, Participatory culture
Suhaimi Suhaimi, Rama Doniyan Saputra
Journal Media Public Relations, Volume 1, pp 13-17; https://doi.org/10.37090/jmp.v1i1.409

Abstract:
Penelitian ini Adapun permasalahanya Melakukan perantuan bukanlah suatu hal yang mudah dilakukan oleh semua orang karena setiap individu akan bertemu dengan lingkungan yang baru dan budaya baru yang sangat berbeda. Pertanyaan dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana mahasiswa menyikapi dalam menghadapi gegar budaya, dan seperti apa yang dialami mahasiswa, serta bagaimana adaptasi komunikasi mahasiswa dan hambatan proses adaptasi komunikasi mahasiswa perantau dalam menghadapi gegar budaya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu wawancara dengan key informan dan lima informan serta lima narasumber yang jadi titik fokus penelitian ini oleh penulis. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah Mahasiswa menyikapi dalam menghadapi gegar budaya di Univesitas Tulang Bawang Lampung memiliki cara tersendiri untuk menyikapi setiap perbedaan,Gegar budaya yang dialami mahasiswa perantau adalah antara lain dari daerah asal seperti, bahasa, makanan, budaya, logat ketika berbicara, cuaca dan kehidupan sosial,serta Adaptasi komunikasi mahasiswa agar tidak mengalami gegar budaya di Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampungpada umumnya mengikuti berbagai macam kegiatan dan memiliki berbagai cara tersendiri agar terhindar dari dampak gegar budaya tersebut. Kata Kunci: Adaptasi komunikasi mahasiswa agar tidak mengalami gegar budaya di Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung
Evy Septiana Rahman
Jurnal Progress Administrasi Publik, Volume 1, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.37090/jpap.v1i1.398

Abstract:
Sesuai dengan prinsip Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa maka posisi agama menjadi roh atau spirit dari keutuhan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia. Dengan diterimanya Pancasila sebagai dasar negara secara tegas dijelaskan bahwa Indonesia bukan negara yang berdasarkan suatu agama dan bukan pula negara yang memisahkan agama dan negara melainkan Negara Pancasila yang mengakui dan mensakralkan keberadaan agama, bukan hanya Islam namun termasuk Kristen, Budha, Hindu dan Khong Hu Cu sebagai agama resmi Bangsa Indonesia. Relasi negara dan agama di bangun atas dasar check and balance dan simbiosis mutualistis dimana agama memberikan nilai spiritual dan kerohanian di dalam tatanan kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara dan negara menfasilitasi dan menjamin kehidupan keagamaan.
Yuditya Wardhana
Jurnal Progress Administrasi Publik, Volume 1, pp 25-30; https://doi.org/10.37090/jpap.v1i1.401

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana Akuntabilitas dan Transparasi dalam Pelayanan Publik pada Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kabupaten Mesuji. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu kualitatif dengan data diambil dengan wawancara dan observasi, sedangkan analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis kualitatif deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Penerapan prinsip akuntabilitas dalam pelayanan KTP, AKTA, dan KK di Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kabupaten Mesuji Kecamatan Raya sudah berjalan dengan baik. Hal tersebut tercermin dari jawaban dalam wawancara dan observasi penelitian baik kepada Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kabupaten Mesuji atau masyarakat yang mengatakan baik terhadap beberapa indikator yang terkandung di dalam prinsip akuntabilitas. Transparansi dalam pelayanan pengurusan KTP, AKTA, dan KK di Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kabupaten Mesuji terbukti terlaksana dengan baik. Hal tersebut tercermin dari jawaban dalam wawancara penelitian baik kepada Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kabupaten Mesuji atau masyarakat tentang keterbukaan dalam Pelayanan kepengurusan KTP, AKTA, dan KK. Kata Kunci: Akuntabilitas, Transparansi Pelayanan Publik
Rosidah Rosidah, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Program Studi Administrasi Publik
Jurnal Progress Administrasi Publik, Volume 1, pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.37090/jpap.v1i1.399

Abstract:
Tujuan pelayanan KB adalah meningkatkan jumlah peserta KB atas kesadaran dan tanggung jawab, membina peserta KB aktif dalam rangka kelembagaan dan pembudayaan NKKBS, mencapai sasaran penurunan tingkat kelahiran dan menngkatkan menciptakan Keluarga kecil sejahtera melalui mengendalian pertumbuhan penduduk. Penelitian tentang upaya peningkatan pelayanan Penyuluh Lapangan Keluarga berencana (PLKB) berupa Faktor – faktor penghambat peningkatan pelayanan Penyluh Lapangan Keuarga Berencana (PLKB) berupa kurangnya informasi kepada calon peserta KB ,sarana dan prasaranan pendukung penyuluhan yang kurang memadai serta tingkat pengetahuan masyarakat terhadap program Keluarga Berencana. Penyampaian informasi tentang KB dan melakukan edukasi mengenai program Keluarga Berencana serta penggunaan alat kontrasepsi kepada Pasangan Usia Subur yang ada di Kecamatan Tanjung Seneng dengan menggunakan sarana komunikasi langsung atau komunikasi tatap muka dengan membuat acara penyuluhan yang dibuat dengan acara yang sesuai dengan minat masyarakat setempat agar lebih dapat menarik minat serta perhatian dari pasangan usia subur di kecamatan Tanjung Seneng. Kata Kunci: Keluarga Berencana ( KB )
Anwar Anwar, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Program Studi Administrasi Publik
Jurnal Progress Administrasi Publik, Volume 1, pp 31-38; https://doi.org/10.37090/jpap.v1i1.402

Abstract:
Birokrasi secara umum dapat dibedakan atas tiga bidang, yaitu kelembagaan, prosedur atau tata laksana, dan sumber daya manusia, maka perwujudan reformasi birokrasi juga seharusnya melalui pendekatan dari tiga bidang tersebut. Untuk meningkatkan kemampuan administrasi publik sebagai pelaksana pemerintahan (birokrasi pemerintahan), maka semua unsur birokrat perlu mengkreasi fungsi dan tugasnya dengan ide-ide yang inovatif dalam rangka profesionalitas terhadap pemberian dan penyediaan layanan publik. Oleh sebab itu diperlukan pengetahuan dan pemahaman terhadap esensi publik, baik secara etimologi, pembedaan antara publik dan privat, barang-barang publik maupun perspektif-perspektif publik. Dengan begitu akan adanya sebuah formulasi kolaborasi birokrasi yang, profesional antara prinsip keadilan sosial, efisiensi, prinsip ekonomi dan nilai-nilainya. Kata Kunci: Reformasi, Birokrasi
Achmad Moelyono, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Program Studi Administrasi Publik, Selly Asih
Jurnal Progress Administrasi Publik, Volume 1, pp 17-24; https://doi.org/10.37090/jpap.v1i1.400

Abstract:
Kinerja Dinas Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Kabupaten Lampung Selatan dalam mencegah dan menyelesaikan perselisihan hubungan industrial adalah dengan melakukan analisis dengan menggunakan indikator kinerja yaitu, Efektifitas, efisiensi, kualitas, produktivitas, Kualitas kehidupan kerja, dan Inovasi. Dengan melakukan analisis Indikator Kinerja terhadap Kinerja Dinas Tenaga kerja dan Transmigrasi Kabupaten Lampung Selatan dalam Mencegah dan menyelesaikan perselisishan hubungan industrial tersebut. Pihak Dinas Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi bagian Hubungan Industrial Seksi Penyelesaian Hubungan Industrial dapat menyusun rencana kerja dan program yang lebih baik dan terus meningkatkan pelayanan kepada masyarakat. Pencegahan dan penyelesaian hubungan industrial oleh Dinas Tenaga kerja dan transmigrasi Kab. Lampung Selatan ini memiliki dampak terhadap stabilitas kerja baik pihak perusahaan dan pihak pekerja. Yang dapat dilihat selama tiga tahun terakhir 2017-2019 berhasil menyelesaian berbagai macam kasus perselisihan di lingkungan Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa kinerja Pencegahan dan penyelesaian hubungan industrial Dinas Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi telah membantu menyelesaian konflik para pekerja dengan perusahaan, sehingga membantu mewujudkan lingkungan kerja yang kondusif dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Dan menurunkan tingkat pengangguran. Kata Kunci: Kinerja, Transmigrasi, Hubungan Industrial
Ayu Nadia Pramazuly, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Program Studi Administrasi Publik, Rosidah Rosidah
Jurnal Progress Administrasi Publik, Volume 1, pp 39-44; https://doi.org/10.37090/jpap.v1i1.403

Abstract:
Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya wacana mengenai pemberian kredit untuk usaha kecil, menengah, dan koperasi, sebagai upaya pemerintah memberikan subsidi kepada pelaku usaha. Program Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR) yang merupakan program mikro pemerintah yang diharapkan mampu meningkatkan kesejahteraan Usaha Mikro Kecil, dan Menengah (UMKM) dan Koperasi. Pemerintah juga mendorong peningkatan akses Usaha Mikro Kecil, dan Menengah (UMKM) dan Koperasi kepada kredit atau pembiayaan dari perbankan melalui peningkatan kapasitas Perusahaan Penjamin, sehingga Usaha Mikro Kecil, dan Menengah (UMKM) dan Koperasi yang selama ini mengalami kendala atau kesulitan dalam mengakses kredit atau pembiayaan dari perbankan dapat diatasi. Pelaksanaan Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR) dipilih karena seringkali terjadi kesalahpahaman persepsi mengenai agunan, yang mengakibatkan terjadinya pengembalian kredit yang tidak tepat waktu atau kredit bermasalah. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif yang berlokasi penelitian di Kantor BRI Unit Natar Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. Kata Kunci: Pelayanan, Kredit Usaha Rakyat
Akhsani Nur Amalia
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 25-30; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i1.363

Abstract:
Time efficiency in production is very supportive of fulfilling consumer demand. The track balance problem can be solved by taking measurements first. This measurement aims to determine the parameters that cause an imbalance in the production line. The first step that needs to be done is measuring the track balance before optimization. Rank Postional Weight is heuristic’s systematic approach method is used to measure the balance of the car CVT belt production line in a grinding machine. The measurement results show that it is not good with a smothness index of 130.48 minutes, the product produced is only 97.5% of the set target, the performance of the work station is 80.56%. Improvements in several work stations in order to improve the balance of the trajectory, namely in visual checks, smoothing surfaces and shapes, measuring products by rearranging the order.
Deden Jaelani
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 8-17; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i1.355

Abstract:
Formula milk production companies are faced with an optimal ordering control system. The availability of raw materials is a measure of the performance of the ordering system at a low cost. This research was conducted to determine the optimal order point with a minimum ordering cost. Ordering decision making is considered from company policy because of the budget. The results of this study indicate that the frequency of purchasing raw materials is 9 times the purchase of raw materials in one year period, 12 times a year of policy. The total purchase of raw material inventories was Rp. 48,671,774, and the policy was Rp. 50,765,157.35 per year. The savings in ordering costs amounted to Rp. 2,093,383.35. The reorder point is 5,634 pcs.
Inna Kholidasari
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i1.358

Abstract:
Production scheduling is the most important part in carrying out the production process that will be carried out on a production floor. Scheduling activities are carried out before the production process begins to ensure the smooth running of the production process. If the production scheduling is not done properly, there will be obstacles in the production process and will cause losses to the company. This study aims to determine the production machine scheduling in a company engaged in the manufacture of spare parts for automotive products. This company implements a job shop production process and uses the First In First Out method in completing its work. Due to the large number of products that have to be produced, there are often two or more products that must be worked on at the same time and machine. This condition causes some products to have to wait for the associated machine to finish operating and causes long product turnaround times. This problem is solved by making a production machine scheduling using the Non-Delay method. By applying this method, the makespan of completion time can be minimized.
Riska Restiyani
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 31-42; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i1.361

Abstract:
This study discusses work posture analysis using the rapid upper limb assessment (RULA) method at Kerupuk Kemplang 32 Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), Bumi Waras District, Bandar Lampung. The purpose of this study was to determine unsafe work postures for workers, and to minimize injuries to the skeletal system and nervous system caused by repetitive movements (Cumulative Trauma Disorders), how the influence of work attitudes or postures of workers and the workplace, provide recommendations for appropriate work postures. safe based on the upper limb assessment (RULA) method. This research is a descriptive study with data analysis using the RULA method. The data collection method uses primary data in the form of worker posture data which includes upper arms, forearms, wrists, hands, neck, back and legs. The results of this study indicate that the working posture of making kemplang cracker dough is divided into two activities, namely taking sago water and making the dough, both of which have a score of 7 which indicates Action Level 4 and the roasting section of kemplang crackers has the same score, 7 indicating Action Level 4. From these data, it can be concluded that this work posture needs to be improved in the near future.
Peri Daya Pratama
Industrika: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, Volume 5, pp 18-24; https://doi.org/10.37090/indstrk.v5i1.362

Abstract:
The strategy of developing kemplang cracker products in Dua Putri UMKM sub-district of Bumi Waras, Bandar Lampung city is experiencing a high level of competition, the aim of this research is to produce a strategy that is in accordance with the conditions of the Dua Putri UMKM in developing a business, and to provide strategic input from the results of the research. Data collection techniques in this study were carried out by observation, interviews and questionnaires then analysed by SWOT. It is known that the IFAS value is 3,36080 with a strength factor having a value of 2.51632 and a weakness of 0.84448 with a difference in value (+) of 1.67184. and the EFAS value is 2.82229 with the opportunity factor having a value of 2.30108 and the threat factor 0.52121 with the difference in value (+) 1.77987. This value indicates that the organization is experiencing a period of growth both in sales, taste, and price differences. UMKM two putri kemplang crackers are on average in her quest to pursue a strategy of exploiting strengths to overcome weaknesses. From the results of the Cartecius diagram, that kemplang cracker Dua Putri UMKM are in quadrant 1 (one), namely an aggressive strategy, where this UMKM is in a very favorable position, this UMKM has the opportunity and strength so that it can take advantage of the existing opportunities
Riko Herdiansah, Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung, Dadang Suherman, Sutriyono Sutriyono, Program Studi Peternakan Universitas Bengkulu
Published: 25 March 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 15-24; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i1.279

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi manajemen pemeliharaan sapi bali (Bos sondaicus) pada Peternakan Rakyat di Kecamatan Kabawetan Kabupaten Kepahiang Provinsi Bengkulu. Metode yang digunakan adalah sensus dengan sampel 97 orang peternak sebagai responden. Hasil penelitian ini disajikan ke dalam bentuk tabel, selanjutnya dianalisis secara deskriptif anallist. Dari penelitian yang telah dilakukan dapat disimpulkan bahwa Manajemen Pemeliharaan Ternak Sapi Bali (Bos sondaicus) pada Peternakan Rakyat di Kecamatan Kabawetan, Kabupaten Kepahiang Provinsi Bengkulu tergolong baik, dilihat dari pola pemeliaraan yang mereka pilih. Kata kunci : Manajemen, Pemeliharaan, Sapi Bali
Kunaifi Wicaksana, Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung, Dani Nur Arifi
Published: 25 March 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i1.248

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the relationship between the amount of forage and the amount of drinking water given to the age at first birth so that it can be used as material for improvement in management of PO cattle breeding. The research method was in the form of a survey, the data variables were the amount of forage, the amount of drinking water, and the first calving age and the data analysis was descriptive, regression and correlation. The results of the study, the first calving age 3.36 ± 0.50 years was classified as slower. The amount of forage and the amount of drinking water had a very significant effect and was negatively associated with the calving first age. The closeness level of the amount of forage and the amount of drinking water given to the age at first birth was classified as moderate. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that, the first calving age is 3.36 ± 0.50. The amount of forage and the amount of drinking water had a very significant effect and was negatively associated with the first calving age. The level of relationship between the amount of forage and the amount of drinking water for the first calving age is moderate. Key words: The amount of drinking water, the amount of forage, the first calving age, PO cattle.
Lola Pitaloka, Program Studi Peternakan Universitas Bengkulu, Johan Setianto, Hardi Prakoso
Published: 25 March 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 25-31; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i1.275

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the need for eggs of herbal medicine sellers in Bengkulu City. This research was conducted in July 2018, the research method used is a survey method where data collection uses a questionnaire. The variables observed in this study include age, gender, formal education and length of business. Data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the overall respondents of herbal medicine sellers in Bengkulu City were male (100%), respondents aged 24-34 were more dominant in selling jamu (40%), had high school education (53.3%), with a length of business of 1 -14 years (46.7%). The eggs needed are 4,860 eggs / week, 19,320 eggs / month and 231,840 eggs / year. Keywords: Needs, Eggs, Herbal Medicine
Anwar Efendi Harahap, Program Studi Peternakan Uin Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Wieda Nurwidada Haritsah Zain
Published: 25 March 2021
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 5, pp 5-14; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v5i1.165

Abstract:
One alternative that can be used for poultry feed is cassava flour (Manihot esculenta) which can be made into pellets. The purpose of this research was to know the physical quality of water content (KA), specific gravity (BJ), stack angle (ST), stack density (KT), stack compaction density (KPT), and impact resistance (KB) of pellet product with utilization of flour cassava (Manihot esculenta). This research using Completely Randomized Design (RAL) Factorial. Factor A consisting of 3 treatments, that were A0: without adding cassava leaf flour, A1: 5% and A2: 10% in ration formulation and Factor B consisting of 3 treatments binders, that were B0 : basal ration not binders, B1: tapioca starch and B2: wheat flour. The results showed that the interaction between the addition of cassava leaf flour and binders with different levels can be seen from water content, stack angle and stack compaction density, but on specific gravity, stack density and impact resistance did not occur interaction. It can be concluded that the addition of 10% cassava flour with tapioca flour binders gives the best quality of pellet physical properties to moisture content and stack angle, while other treatment combinations have not been able to improve pellet quality based on specific gravity, stack density, stack compaction density and impact resistance. Keywords: Pellet, Cassava Leaf, Flour, Binders
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