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Farrah F. Sumangando, Christy N. Mintjelungan, Damajanty H. C. Pangemanan
Published: 6 June 2022
e-GiGi, Volume 10, pp 197-203; https://doi.org/10.35790/eg.v10i2.40534

Abstract:
: Parental knowledge is very important in shaping behavior that supports or does not support oral and dental hygiene of children. The ability of parents to maintain the dental health of their children is strongly influenced by their level of education, age, marital status, occupation, and income. This study aimed to determine the level of parental knowledge about the maintenance of dental and oral hygiene in early childhood. This was a descriptive study with a cross sectional design. Respondents were mothers of early childhood children who had complete primary teeth with an age range of 3-5 years, and domiciled in Tosuraya Village, Ratahan, Southeast Minahasa. The results obtained 32 mothers as respondents. Mothers with children aged 3 years had the highest number of 17 respondents (53.1%). Based on maternal age, respondents at the age of 26-30 years were 12 people (37.5%), and of 21-25 years were 11 people (34.4%). The most frequent occupation of respondents was housewife amounted to 24 people (75%). The most common level of education was SMA/SMK (senior high school) with a total of 21 people (65.6%). In determination of parental category based on maternal education level, the most frequent was senior high school (43.75%) followed by D3/S1 (18.75%) belonged to good category with a total of 20 respondents (62,5%). In conclusion, most parents (mothers) had good category level of knowledge about the maintenance of dental and oral hygiene in early childhood. Keywords: parental knowledge; dental and oral hygiene Abstrak: Pengetahuan orang tua sangat penting dalam membentuk perilaku yang mendukung atau tidak mendukung kebersihan mulut dan gigi anak. Kemampuan orang tua dalam menjaga kesehatan gigi anak sangat dipengaruhi oleh tingkat pendidikan, usia, status pernikahan, pekerjaan, dan pendapatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat pengetahuan orang tua tentang pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut pada anak usia dini. Jenis penelitian ialah deskriptif dengan desain potong lintang. Responden ialah ibu dari anak usia dini yang telah memiliki gigi sulung lengkap dengan rentang usia 3-5 tahun dan berdomisili di Kelurahan Tosuraya, Kecamatan Ratahan, Kabupaten Minahasa Tenggara. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan 32 orang ibu sebagai responden. Responden yang mempunyai anak usia 3 tahun ialah terbanyak dengan jumlah 17 orang (53,1%). Responden dengan usia ibu 26-30 tahun sebanyak 12 orang (37,5%), dan 21-25 tahun sebanyak 11 orang (34,4%). Pekerjaan responden sebagai ibu rumah tangga berjumlah 24 orang (75%), dan tingkat pendidikan terbanyak ialah SMA/SMK dengan jumlah 21 orang (65,6%). Pengukuran tingkat orang tua berdasarkan pendidikan ibu yang terbanyak ialah SMU/SMK (43,75%) diikuti D3/S1 (18,75%) tergolong kategori baik dengan total 20 responden (62,5%). Simpulan penelitian ini ialah tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut pada anak usia dini sebagian besar termasuk dalam kategori baik. Kata kunci: pengetahuan orang tua; kebersihan gigi dan mulut
Mila D. Yurisya, Diah A. Purbaningrum, Donna Hermawati, Gloria Fortuna
Published: 6 June 2022
e-GiGi, Volume 10, pp 208-213; https://doi.org/10.35790/eg.v10i2.40152

Abstract:
Eggshell is one of the natural wastes which if not treated properly can cause environ-mental pollution. Broiler eggshells consist mostly of CaCO3 (calcium carbonate) that can be synthesized into CaO (calcium oxide) then be processed into Ca (calcium). Calcium has a function to fill the density of bones and teeth that affects their strength and hardness. This study aimed to determine the effect of soaking in broiler chicken eggshell solution on the hardness of tooth enamel. This was an experimental laboratory study with a posttest only control group design. Samples were 24 maxillary first premolar obtained from dental clinics, public health centers, and hospitals in Semarang, Indonesia. Samples were divided into four groups: control group and treatment groups 1, 2, and 3 (duration of soaking in eggshell solution for 2, 7, and 14 days. respectively). The one way ANOVA test resulted in a p-value of 0.000 which meant that there were significant differences in the four groups. The post hoc test showed a p-value of <0.05, which meant that there was a significant difference between the control group (artificial saliva) and the treatment groups of 2.7 and 14 days. In conclusion, chicken eggshell solution has an effect on increasing the hardness of tooth enamel. Keywords: tooth enamel; hardness of tooth enamel; chicken eggshell   Abstrak: Cangkang telur merupakan salah satu limbah alam yang apabila tidak diolah dengan baik dapat menyebabkan pencemaran lingkungan. Komposisi cangkang telur ayam ras sebagian besar terdiri dari CaCO3 (kalsium karbonat) yang dapat disintesis menjadi CaO (kalsium oksida) dan selanjutnya diolah menjadi Ca (kalsium). Kalsium memiliki fungsi untuk mengisi kepadatan tulang dan gigi yang memengaruhi kekuatan serta kekerasannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh perendaman larutan cangkang telur ayam ras terhadap kekerasan enamel gigi. Jenis penelitian ialah eksperimental laboratorik dengan posttestonly control group design. Sampel penelitian ialah 24 gigi premolar satu rahang atas yang didapatkan dari klinik praktek dokter gigi, puskesmas dan rumah sakit di Kota Semarang. Sampel dibagi atas empat kelompok: kelompok kontrol dan kelompok perlakuan 1, 2, dan 3 (perendaman dalam larutan cangkang telur ayam ras selama 2, 7, dan 14 hari berturut). Hasil uji ANOVA one way memperoleh nilai p=0,000 yang berarti bahwa terdapat perbedaan bermakna pada keempat kelompok. Uji post hoc menunjukkan nilai p<0,05 yang berarti terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara kelompok kontrol (perendaman saliva artificial) dan kelompok perlakuan (perendaman larutan cangkang telur ayam ras 2, 7 dan 14 hari). Simpulan penelitian ini ialah perendaman dalam larutan cangkang telur ayam ras berpengaruh dalam peningkatan kekerasan enamel gigi. Kata kunci: enamel gigi; kekerasan enamel gigi; cangkang telur ayam ras
Intan Wijayanthy, Atia N. Sidiqa
Published: 6 June 2022
e-GiGi, Volume 10, pp 204-207; https://doi.org/10.35790/eg.v10i2.40506

Abstract:
: Malocclusion can cause oral problems inter alia traumatic ulcers. The clinical appearance of traumatic ulcers is non-specific depending on the etiology. The ulcer has a smooth surface, yellowish base and red margin, and no induration. We reported a case of traumatic ulcer associated with class I malocclusion of Angle type I. The chief complaint was a sore lesion on the left part of the inner lower lip since two days ago due to being bitten while eating. Based on the anamnesis and clinical examination, the diagnosis of this case was traumatic ulcer with a predisposing factor of class I malocclusion of Angle type I. The management of this case was application of a covering agent, an antiseptic mouthwash, multivitamin consumption, and orthodontic treatments to manage the malocclusion in preventing the recurrence of the traumatic ulcer. In conclusion, the management of a traumatic ulcer case requires attention to the overall condition of the oral cavity by considering all the predisposition factors. Dentists must be able to recognize and to manage such case properly. Keywords: malocclusion; traumatic ulcer   Abstrak: Maloklusi dapat menyebabkan masalah rongga mulut, salah satunya ulkus traumatik. Gambaran klinis ulkus traumatik bentuknya tidak spesifik tergantung pada etiologinya. Ulkus memiliki permukaan halus, dasar lesi berwarna kekuningan dengan margin merah, serta tidak terdapat indurasi. Kami melaporkan kasus seorang pasien dengan ulkus traumatik disertai maloklusi kelas I tipe I Angle. Pasien datang dengan keluhan terdapat sariawan pada bibir bawah bagian dalam kiri sejak dua hari lalu karena tergigit saat sedang makan. Dari hasil anamnesis dan pemeriksaan klinis, didapatkan diagnosis penyakit pasien ini ialah ulkus traumatik dengan faktor predisposisi maloklusi kelas I tipe I Angle. Penatalaksanaan kasus ini menggunakan covering agent, obat kumur antiseptik, multivitamin, serta serangkaian perawatan ortodontik untuk mencegah rekurensi ulkus traumatik. Simpulan studi ini ialah penatalaksanaan kasus ulkus traumatik memerlukan perhatian terhadap keadaan rongga mulut pasien secara menyeluruh dengan mempertimbangkan segala factor predisposisi. Dokter gigi harus mampu mengenali dan menangani kasus demikian secara tepat. Kata kunci: maloklusi; ulkus traumatik
Frankly Oktavian Palendeng, Innocentius Bernarto
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35796

Abstract:
Abstract:  The objectives of this study were to 1) analyze and test the effect of financial incentives on job satisfaction, 2) analyze and test the effect of non-financial incentives on job satisfaction, 3) analyze and test the effect of work motivation on job satisfaction, 4) analyze and test the effect of financial incentives on work motivation, 5) analyze and test the effect of non-financial incentives on work motivation. Data collection was done on 141 nurses at Gunung Maria Hospital Tomohon with saturated sampling method/census technique, using questionnaires. The tool used to analyze the partial least square – structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) is the SmartPLS version 3.3.3 program. This study found that financial incentives as well as non-financial incentives have a positive effect on work motivation and job satisfaction. Meanwhile, work motivation has a positive effect on job satisfaction..Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk 1) menganalisis dan menguji pengaruh insentif finansial terhadap kepuasan kerja, 2) menganalisis dan menguji pengaruh insentif non finansial terhadap kepuasan kerja, 3) menganalisis dan menguji pengaruh motivasi kerja terhadap kepuasan, 4) menganalisis dan menguji pengaruh insentif finansial terhadap motivasi kerja, 5) menganalisis dan menguji pengaruh insentif non finansial terhadap motivasi kerja. Pengumpulan data dilakukan kepada 141 perawat Rumah Sakit Gunung Maria Tomohon dengan teknik penarikan sampel jenuh/sensus, dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Alat yang digunakan untuk menganalisis partial least square – structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) adalah program SmartPLS versi 3.3.3. Penelitian ini mendapatkan bahwa insentif finansial dan insentif non finansial memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap motivasi dan kepuasan kerja. Sementara itu, motivasi kerja juga memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap kepuasan kerja.
Leni Hartati, Bambang Santoso Marsoem
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35718

Abstract:
Abstract: Financial ratio analysis is an activity to analyze financial statements by comparing one account with other accounts in the financial statements, the comparison can be between accounts in the balance sheet financial statements and profit and loss. The purpose of this research is to study the effect of short-term debt and long-term debt on return on equity (ROE). This study uses three indicators, namely the ratio of short-term debt and long-term debt ratio, to see the effect on profitability as measured by using return on equity. This study uses the sample of this research is the basic chemical industry sector which is listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) in 2015 - 2020. The sample that can be observed is 42 units during the six years of the study. The sampling method used is purposive sampling. The data analysis method used is multiple linear regression analysis. The results of this study indicate that the variable short-term debt has a positive and significant effect on profitability, this can be seen with a significance level with a value of 0.039 <0.05. Long-term debt variable has a negative and insignificant effect on profitability, this is also seen with a significance level with a value of 0.753> 0.05.Abstrak: Analisis rasio keuangan adalah suatu kegiatan untuk menganalisis laporan keuangan dengan cara membandingkan satu akun dengan akun-akun lain dalam laporan keuangan, perbandingan tersebut dapat antara akun-akun dalam laporan keuangan neraca dan laba rugi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari pengaruh hutang jangka pendek dan hutang jangka panjang terhadap return on equity (ROE). Penelitian ini menggunakan tiga indikator yaitu rasio utang jangka pendek dan rasio utang jangka panjang, untuk melihat pengaruhnya terhadap profitabilitas yang diukur dengan menggunakan return on equity. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel penelitian ini adalah sektor industri kimia dasar yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI) pada tahun 2015 - 2020. Sampel yang dapat diamati adalah 42 unit selama enam tahun penelitian. Metode pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah purposive sampling. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa variabel hutang jangka pendek berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap profitabilitas, hal ini dapat dilihat dengan tingkat signifikansi dengan nilai 0,039 < 0,05. Variabel hutang jangka panjang berpengaruh negatif dan tidak signifikan terhadap profitabilitas, hal ini juga terlihat dengan tingkat signifikansi dengan nilai 0,753 > 0,05.
Giovanni Adrian Santoso, Innocentius Bernarto
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v9i1.39059

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh hubungan dari variabel waktu tunggu yang singkat, keterjangkauan harga, dan kualitas pelayanan terhadap kepuasan pasien di klinik gigi CDC. Model penelitian ini diuji pada populasi pasien yang datang ke klinik gigi CDC di Kota Surakarta. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling dan didapatkan jumlah sampel berjumlah 171 orang yang bersedia mengisi kuesioner saat datang ke klinik. Pengisian kuesioner menggunakan aplikasi google form dengan menggunakan skala Likert 1 – 5. Data penelitian kemudian dianalisis menggunakan metode PLS-SEM. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa: (1) terdapat pengaruh positif signifikan antara waktu tunggu yang singkat dengan kepuasan pasien di klinik gigi CDC, (2) terdapat pengaruh positif signifikan antara keterjangkauan harga dengan kepuasan pasien di klinik gigi CDC, (c) terdapat pengaruh positif signifikan antara kualitas pelayanan dengan kepuasan pasien di klinik gigi CDC. Penemuan ini menunjukkan implikasi yang bermanfaat untuk diaplikasikan ke manajerial klinik. Kata kunci: Waktu tunggu yang singkat, Keterjangkauan harga, Kualitas pelayanan, Kepuasan pasien
Sri Wahyuni Anggraini Kamal, Sri Murni, Joy Elly Tulung
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i2.32358

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze whether there are significant differences in the financial performance of the Bank by looking at variations of the ownership structure. Namely state-owned enterprise, national private bank, and foreign bank. In this study the authors focused on 12 banks that could represent the profile of existing banks in Indonesia. This type of research is a comparative test or comparison test conducted on the financial performance of banking companies based on their ownership structure. This study uses financial report data that has been published by the Financial Services Authority (OJK). This study used ANOVA analysis method. The results of this analysis indicate that there is no significant difference in the average between variations in ownership structure in the NPL, ROA, ROE, NIM and BOPO Ratio.Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis apakah terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan kinerja keuangan Bank dengan melihat variasi struktur kepemilikannya. Yakni Bank Milik Pemerintah, Bank Milik Swasta Nasional, dan Bank Milik Asing. Dalam penelitian ini penulis berfokus pada 12 Bank yang dapat mewakili profil perbankan yang ada di Indonesia. Jenis penelitian ini bersifat uji komparasi atau uji perbandingan yang dilakukan atas kinerja keuangan perusahaan perbankan berdasarkan struktur kepemilikannya. Penelitian ini menggunakan data laporan keuangan yang telah di publikasikan oleh Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisa ANOVA. Hasil dari analisis ini menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan signifikan rata-rata antara variasi struktur kepemilikannya pada rasio NPL, ROA, ROE, NIM dan BOPO. Keywords: Bank Ownership Structure, NPL, ROA, ROE, NIM, BOPO
Wahyudi Henky Soeparto
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.36183

Abstract:
MSME has an important role towards Indonesian economy has proportion of 99,98% of entrepreneurs in Indonesia, the growth of MSME each year increase every year so competition become tight and new competitors tend to have new innovation towards their business. MSMEs needs appropriate action to overcome the keeps on changing environment so that business continuity is maintained and be able to compete superior with other competitors. The purpose of this research is to analyze dynamic capability factor towards business continuity in the fashion industry. This research uses quantitative research method with questionnaire as data collection. The sample that in this research is 120 entrepreneurs in the field of fashion. For data analysis methods, this research uses confirmatory analysis. The results of this research indicate that from indicators of dynamic capability variable, there are only a few that becomes the core indicators of survival in which of sensing, seizing and reconfiguration or transformation. these variables will form survival firm. Keywords: Dynamic Capabilities, firm survive, reconfiguration, seizing, sensing Abstrak: UMKM memiliki peran penting terhadap perekonomian Indonesia, memiliki proporsi sebesar 99,98% dari total keseluruhan pelaku bisnis di Indonesia, pertumbuhan UMKM juga meningkat tiap tahunnya sehingga persaingan menjadi ketat dan cenderung pesaing baru memiliki sebuah inovasi baru terhadap bisnisnya. UMKM perlu tindakan yang tepat untuk mengatasi lingkungan yang selalu berubah agar keberlangsungan usaha tetap terjaga dan mampu bersaing unggul dengan pesaing lainnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor kapabilitas dinamis terhadap keberlangsungan usaha dalam bidang industri fesyen. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan kuesioner sebagai pengumpulan data. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 120 pelaku bisnis dibidang fesyen. Untuk metode analisis data, penelitian ini menggunakan konfirmatori analisis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa indikator-indikator dari variabel kapabilitas dinamis hanya beberapa yang menjadi indikator inti dari firm survive dari variabel sensing, seizing dan reconfiguration atau transformation. Dimana variabel tersebut akan membentuk firm survivalKata kunci: Kapabilitas Dinamis, sensing, seizing, reconfiguration, firm survive. 
Allen Kristiawan, Kezia Kurniawati Nursalin, Ika Gunawan, Jessica Agrippina F.Yo
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i2.35107

Abstract:
Economic development becomes one of the references seen by various aspects of life. One of the things that can be seen clearly is the shifting economy with the emergence of e-commerce as a means of new business opportunities that exist. E-commerce started to reach more existing markets by using online technology assistance. In 2018 many businesses are trying to keep up with the change from local/micro enterprises by trying to use the technology base in their efforts. Many consumers feel the ease gained with the use of such technology than the traditional way or have to visit the outlets. Consumer perception itself can be formed from the experience gained and based on the achievement of the standards that exist in the consumer. This is achieved based on the experience of online sellers. Consumers with more experience have a tendency to shop continuously (Liang & Huang, 1998). While the significance level of consumer satisfaction that online shopping has been identified by Liu et al. in the year 2008. So it can be concluded that the satisfaction and the success of shopping will be achieved by consumers can raise the standard of expectations that exist in the consumer. Based on this, then the population taken for research is a consumer who has experience of transactions on Shopee and JD.id with a sample of research is a student who is in the Faculty of Economics of Maranatha Christian University who have experience transactions on Shoppe and JD.id. The research method uses simple regression with 379 respondents. It gained the results that the shopping experience had an impact of 37% and the remaining 63% were influenced by other factors Abstrak: Perkembangan ekonomi menjadi salah satu acuan yang dilihat oleh berbagai aspek kehidupan yang ada. Salah satu hal yang dapat terlihat jelas adalah pergeseran perekonomian yang ada dengan munculnya e-commerce sebagai sarana peluang usaha baru yang ada. E-commerce mulai dilirik karena menjangkau lebih banyak pasar yang ada dengan menggunakan bantuan teknologi secara online. Pada 2018 banyak usaha yang mencoba mengikuti perubahan tersebut dari usaha lokal / mikro dengan berusaha menggunakan basis teknologi tersebut pada usaha mereka. Banyak konsumen merasakan kemudahan yang didapatkan dengan penggunaan teknologi tersebut dibandingkan cara tradisional atau harus berkunjung pada gerai. Persepsi konsumen sendiri dapat terbentuk dari pengalaman yang didapatkan dan berdasarkan pencapaian standar yang ada pada diri konsumen. Hal ini didapatkan berdasarkan pengalaman dari penjual online. Konsumen yang memiliki pengalaman lebih banyak memiliki kecenderungan untuk berbelanja secara terus menerus (Liang & Huang, 1998). Sedangkan tingkat signifikansi dari kepuasan konsumen yang berbelanja online sudah diidentifikasi oleh Liu et al. pada tahun 2008. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa kepuasan dan keberhasilan akan berbelanja yang didapatkan oleh konsumen dapat menaikkan standar harapan yang ada pada konsumen tersebut. Berdasarkan hal ini, maka diambil populasi untuk penelitian adalah konsumen yang memiliki pengalaman transaksi pada Shopee dan JD.id dengan sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswa yang berada di Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Kristen Maranatha yang memiliki pengalaman transaksi pada Shoppe dan JD.id. Metode penelitian menggunakan regresi sederhana dengan 379 responden. Didapatkan hasil bahwa pengalaman berbelanja memiliki pengaruh sebesar 37% dan sisanya sebesar 63% dipengaruhi faktor lain. Keywords: online shopping experience, customer purchase decision
Anton Tri Wijayanto
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35883

Abstract:
Abstract :Many local governments carry out rehabilitation programs for uninhabitable houses with the aim of poverty allevation. However, in implementation, sometimes those programs do not usethe proper  concept, definition and standard operating procedure. Moreover, the lack of understading about  the relationship between the two variables could reduce the effectiveness of those programs. This study aims to exercise the correlation between uninhabitable houses and household poverty statuses in Sulawesi Utara Province byusing secondary data from the Socio-economic Household Survey (SUSENAS) conducted by BPS in 2020. The data provide information on 8,350 respondents spreading across all regencies/cities in SulawesiUtara Province. Using Chi Square Correlation Test Analysis, the uninhabitable status of the household house was correlated with  the poverty status of the household. The results of the study found that there is a significant positive correlation between the condition of uninhabitable houses and the poverty status of a household. However, the correlation is relatively quite weak The government can use uninhabitable houses data as the basic data in the rehabilitation program for uninhabitable houses. But it is necessary to carry out deeper verification of households target so that the program can be right on target.  Abstrak :Banyak pemerintah daerah melakukan program rehabilitasi rumah tidak layak huni yang bertujuan mengentaskan kemiskinan. Namun dalam pelaksanaannya tidak disertai dengan konsep definisi serta standar operasional yang baku, bahkan tanpa mengetahui kelayakan korelasi antara kedua variabel tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara rumah tidak layak huni dengan status kemiskinan rumah tangga di Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Menggunakan data sekunder hasil pendataan SUSENAS,BPS Tahun 2020 sebanyak 8.350 responden yang tersebar diseluruh Kabupaten/kota di Sulawesi Utara. Analisis Uji Korelasi Chi Square dilakukan terhadap variabel komposit status rumah tidak layak huni dengan variabel kemiskinan. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa terdapat korelasi positif yang signifikan meskipun bersifat sangat lemah antara kondisi rumah tidak layak huni dengan status kemiskinan suatu rumah tangga. Pemerintah bisa menggunakan data dasar RTLH ini dalam program rehabilitasi RTLH untuk pengentasan kemiskinan, namun perlu melakukan verifikasi lebih dalam terhadap calon rumah tangga penerima manfaat agar program dapat tepat sasaran.
Sukiantono Tang, Lili Suwarsini
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35668

Abstract:
This research was conducted with the aim of examining the effect of the size of the board of directors, presence of female board of directors, female affiliate board of directors, audit committee, and female audit committee on earnings management in companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. This study uses a quantitative method by analyzing 324 companies listed on the IDX in 2015 – 2019 as a sample through purposive sampling-based sample selection. The test is done by panel data regression test with SPSS 25 and EViews 9 applications. The test was conducted using the multiple regression panel data method with a random effect model. The results of this study indicate that the size of the board of directors, female directors, female independent directors, and female affiliate directors have no significant effect on earnings management. However, the audit committee has a significant negative effect on earnings management, while female audit committee members have a significant positive effect on earnings management. Abstrak: Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk menguji pengaruh ukuran direksi, keberadaan dewan direksi perempuan, dewan direksi perempuan yang terafiliasi, ukuran komite audit, dan komite audit perempuan terhadap manajemen laba pada perusahaan yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia. Pengujian dilakukan dengan uji regresi data panel dengan program SPSS dan Eviews. Penelitian menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan menganalisa 324 perusahaan yang terdaftar di IDX pada tahun 2015 – 2019 sebagai sampel, dimana sampel dipilih berdasarkan purposive sampling. Pengujian dilakukan dengan dengan menggunakan metode data panel regresiberganda dengan model random effect. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan ukuran direksi, direktur perempuan, direktur independen perempuan, dan direktur perempuan terafiliasi tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap manajemen laba. Sedangkan ukuran komite audit berpengaruh signifikan negatif terhadap manajemen laba, namun anggota komite audit perempuan berpengaruh signifikan positif terhadap manajemen laba.
Ninik Indrawati Ruslim
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35162

Abstract:
Personal Finance is needed to manage and gain the maximun benefit from the money through investment. However, the current trends have brought changes in one’s consumption behavior to be irrational. This research was conducted to investigate the purpose of someone buys a luxury products. The research was conducted using qualitative methods. Data were obtained from interviews and observations. Our results showed that the quality and functionality of luxury products were not the primary reason for purchasing but rather a psychological factor. Many reasons for purchasing luxury products were influenced by bias. Lifestyle, identity, social status are the triggers, how they want to be more repected or just to follow the trends, even to expect an over reaction from other people who see their appearance. It is not easy to determine rational reasons for purchasing luxury products. People who love luxury products take advantage by making it an alternative investment rather than just a lifestyle. The lifestyle should be no longer misleading when the they knows how to make it as well as a benefit.Abstrak:Personal Finance diperlukan untuk mengelola dan mendapatkan keuntungan maksimal dari uang melalui investasi. Namun, tren saat ini telah membawa perubahan perilaku konsumsi seseorang menjadi tidak rasional. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui tujuan seseorang membeli produk mewah. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif. Data diperoleh dari wawancara dan observasi. Hasil kami menunjukkan bahwa kualitas dan fungsionalitas produk mewah bukanlah alasan utama untuk membeli melainkan faktor psikologis. Banyak alasan untuk membeli produk mewah dipengaruhi oleh bias. Gaya hidup, identitas, status sosial menjadi pemicu, bagaimana mereka ingin lebih dihormati atau hanya mengikuti tren, bahkan mengharapkan reaksi berlebihan dari orang lain yang melihat penampilannya. Tidak mudah menentukan alasan rasional untuk membeli produk mewah. Orang yang menyukai produk mewah memanfaatkannya dengan menjadikannya sebagai alternatif investasi bukan hanya sekedar gaya hidup. Gaya hidup seharusnya tidak lagi menyesatkan ketika mereka tahu cara membuatnya dan juga manfaatnya.
Arina Rahmawati, Dyah Sugandini, Yuni Istanto
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.36740

Abstract:
: This study analyzes customer loyalty in the e-commerce industry, one of which is Shopee in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Companies can benefit from implementing the customer experience to gain customer loyalty. Attitude is described as one of the most important determinants of behavior. (Cachero-Martínez and Vázquez-Casielles 2021) suggest that favorable attitudes and repeat purchases are needed to define loyalty because they view loyalty in terms of attitudes toward behavior. Loyalty is an important concept related to repeat purchase behavior and high consumer spending. This study uses a questionnaire data collection method with 151 respondents who have experience in using the Shopee mobile application. In addition, this study tracks the importance of emotional experience, analyzing the mediating effect of emotional experience on the relationship between customer experience and customer loyalty. The results reveal that using customer experience can affect loyalty in two different ways: customer experience directly affects attitude loyalty and behavioral loyalty and indirectly affects attitude loyalty through emotional experience.Abstrak: Penelitian ini menganalisis loyalitas pelanggan pada industri e-commerce salah satunya Shopee di Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Perusahaan bisa mendapatkan keuntungan dari menerapkan pengalaman pelangan untuk mendapatkan loyalitas pelanggan. Sikap digambarkan sebagai salah satu penentu paling penting dari perilaku. (Cachero-Martínez and Vázquez-Casielles 2021) menyarankan bahwa sikap yang menguntungkan dan pembelian berulang diperlukan untuk mendefinisikan loyalitas karena mereka memandang loyalitas dalam kerangka sikap terhadap perilaku. Loyalitas adalah konsep penting yang terkait dengan perilaku pembelian berulang dan pengeluaran konsumen yang tinggi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pengumpulan data kuesioner dengan jumlah responden 151 yang telah berpengalaman dalam menggunakan mobile application Shopee. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh customer experience, diidentifikasi dari tinjauan literatur, yang pada akhirnya mempengaruhi attitude loyalty dan behavioral loyalty di e-shopping. Hasilnya mengungkapkan bahwa menggunakan pengalaman pelanggan dapat mempengaruhi loyalitas dalam dua cara yang berbeda: customer experience secara langsung mempengaruhi attitude loyalty dan behavioral loyalty dan secara tidak langsung mempengaruhi attitude loyalty melalui emotional experience.
Kristianto Kurniawan
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i2.35144

Abstract:
: Family companies hold a significant role in the business and economic sectors in the world, especially in Asia. According to the results of a survey conducted, it shows that the success rate of family enterprises will decrease considerably when family companies experience a movement from the first generation to the next. Therefore, in order for the family company to survive in the competition, a management control system and good leadership are needed in order to adapt to the development of the existing business environment. Leadership and management control systems are closely related, where these two factors affect the effectiveness of managing individuals and organizations. The purpose of this study was to explore the leadership and management control systems of each generation at UD. A, which will be linked to the Familiness theory, and is expected to be able to assist business entities in solving existing problems. This study uses an interpretive paradigm and a qualitative approach. Data were collected by observation and interviews. The results showed that the management control system and leadership at UD. A experienced the development of generations. However, it can be said that it is ineffective because the leadership transition is not running properly and makes the existing management control system unable to adapt to the business environment. The findings were analyzed using familiness-based management control system theory to provide recommendations. Recommendations given aim to improve weaknesses in management control systems, leadership, and problems that exist in UD. A.Abstrak:  Perusahaan keluarga memegang perenan yang cukup besar dalam sektor bisnis dan ekonomi di dunia khususnya di Asia. Menurut hasil survei yang dilakukan, menunjukkan tingkat keberhasilan perusahaan keluarga akan jauh menurun ketika perusahaan keluarga mengalami perpindahan dari generasi pertama ke generasi - generasi selanjutnya. Maka dari itu, agar perusahaan keluarga dapat bertahan dalam persaingan diperlukan adanya sistem pengendalian manajemen, dan kepemimpinan yang baik agar dapat beradaptasi dengan perkembangan lingkungan bisnis yang ada. Kepemimpinan dan sistem pengendalian manajemen memiliki keterkaitan yang erat, dimana kedua faktor ini mempengaruhi efektifitas dalam mengatur individu dan organisasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menggali kepemimpinan dan sistem pengendalian manajemen dari tiap generasi di UD. A yang nantinya dikaitkan dengan teori Familiness, dan diharapkan dapat membantu badan usaha dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan yang ada. Penelitian ini menggunakan paradigma interpretive dan pendekatan kualitatif. Pengambilan data dilakukan secara obeservasi dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem pengendalian manajemen dan kepemimpinan yang ada di UD. A mengalami perkembangan dari generasi – generasi. Namun bisa dikatakan tidak efekitf dikarenakan transisi kepemimpinan tidak berjalan dengan bagaimana semestinya dan membuat sistem pengendalian manajemen yang ada tidak dapat beradaptasi dengan lingkungan bisnis. Hasil temuan yang ada dianalisa menggunakan teori sistem pengendalian manajemen berbasis familiness, guna memberikan rekomendasi. Rekomendasi yang diberikan bertujuan untuk memperbaiki kelemahan sistem pengendalian manajemen, kepemimpinan, dan permasalahan yang ada di UD. A.
Tien Sumarlijati, Cynthia Puteri Suprihanta, Ilham Teguh Setiawan
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35661

Abstract:
: One of the funding sources for a soccer club comes from sales of soccer jersey. Indonesia is categorized as the potential market for world class soccer club in selling their jersey since most of their fans are Indonesian. The objective of this research is to specify the dominant factors in foreign soccer jersey purchase intention by adopting purchase intention theory with product quality, product design, marketing, team performance, perceived pride, and social influence as the variables used. Questionnaire is distributed personally to the soccer jersey buyers and users that study or/and work in Cikarang Utara, Indonesia by using purposing sampling method. The data obtained is analyzed with factor analysis method to get the dominant factors. The result found four dominant factors namely Soccer Club’s Impression, Fans Devotion,  Pride of Fans Identity, and Attachment of Favourite Player. menjual jersey mereka karena sebagian besar penggemar mereka adalah orang Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor dominan dalam niat beli jersey sepak bola asing dengan mengadopsi teori niat beli dengan kualitas produk, desain produk, pemasaran, kinerja tim, kebanggaan yang dirasakan, dan pengaruh sosial sebagai variabel yang digunakan. Kuesioner dibagikan secara pribadi kepada pembeli dan pengguna jersey bola yang belajar atau/dan bekerja di Cikarang Utara, Indonesia dengan menggunakan metode purposing sampling. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan metode analisis faktor untuk mendapatkan faktor dominan. Hasil penelitian menemukan empat faktor dominan yaitu Kesan Klub Sepak Bola, Pengabdian Penggemar, Kebanggaan Identitas Penggemar, dan Keterikatan Pemain Favorit.
Bunga Divi Iswara, Triana Ananda Rustam
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i2.35131

Abstract:
This research aimed to find out the effect of the facilities, service, and both of them simultaneously on patient loyalty at the health clinic of the State Electricity Company Batam cooperative. This study used a quantitative research design with a total population and sample was 148 patients who visited the Health Clinic of the State Electricity Company Batam City Employees Cooperative. The data analysis techniques applied in this study were the data quality test, classical assumption test, influence test, and hypothesis test which will be assisted by the application of SPSS version 25. This study found that: (1) The facility variable has a positive and significant impact on patient loyalty at the State Electricity Company Batam employee cooperative health clinic. The more complete the facilities provided meant that the loyal patients would check themselves, (2) The service variable has a positive and significant effect on patient loyalty at the State Electricity Company Batam employee cooperative health clinic. The greater the opportunity for service indicators, the patient would be loyal to visit or health control, and (3) The service and facility variables simultaneously affect patient loyalty significantly and positively at the State Electricity Company Batam employee cooperative health clinic. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh fasilitas, pelayanan, dan keduanya secara simultan terhadap loyalitas pasien di poliklinik kesehatan koperasi PLN Batam. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian kuantitatif dengan jumlah populasi dan sampel sebanyak 148 pasien yang berkunjung ke Klinik Kesehatan Koperasi Pegawai Perusahaan Listrik Negara Kota Batam. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah uji kualitas data, uji asumsi klasik, uji pengaruh, dan uji hipotesis yang akan dibantu dengan aplikasi SPSS versi 25. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa: (1) Variabel fasilitas berpengaruh positif dan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap loyalitas pasien di poliklinik kesehatan koperasi pegawai PLN Batam. Semakin lengkap fasilitas yang diberikan berarti pasien yang setia akan memeriksakan diri, (2) Variabel pelayanan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap loyalitas pasien pada klinik kesehatan koperasi pegawai PT PLN Batam. Semakin besar peluang indikator pelayanan maka pasien akan loyal berkunjung atau kontrol kesehatan, dan (3) Variabel pelayanan dan fasilitas secara simultan berpengaruh signifikan dan positif terhadap loyalitas pasien pada klinik kesehatan koperasi pegawai PLN Batam Keywords:  Patient Loyalty , Service, Facilities, Health Clinic, Kopkar State Electricity Company Batam. 
Aditya Mahardika
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35800

Abstract:
Dessert Restaurant is a company engaged in the food industry, which is located in Semarang, Central Java. The dessert company is also a fairly new company because the food produced is a kind of wet cake but many people like it. The purpose of this research is to examine the condition of an internal and external aspect of a dessert restaurant to carry out business expansion which includes social, economic, legal, operational, management, and then analyze the existing business environment in this company. The method used in this research is descriptive method. The technique used in collecting data is the method of observation and financial research to the company. The results obtained from this study are knowing that the company is feasible to do business which can be seen from the financial aspect with various suggestions in order to know the initial expansion will plan to do the business. Abstrak: Restauran Dessert ialah sebuah perusahaan yang bergerak dalam bidang industri makanan, yang berada di lokasi Semarang, Jawa Tengah. Perusahaan dessert juga termasuk perusahaan yang cukup baru dikarenakan makanan yang diproduksi sejenis kueh basah akan tetapi banyak yang menyukainya. Tujuan dengan adanya penelitian ini ialah untuk meneliti suatu keadaan aspek internal serta eksternal restauran dessert untuk melaksanakan ekspansi bisnis yang meliputi sosial, ekonomi, hukum, operasional, manajemen serta pemasaran lingkungan industri kemudian menganalisis akan kelayakan bisnis yang ada pada perusahaan ini. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah metode deskriptif. Teknik yang digunakan dalam mengumpulkan data ialah dengan metode Observasi serta penelitian financial kepada pihak perusahaan. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini ialah mengetahui bahwa perusahaan telah layak untuk melakukan ekspansi bisnis yang bisa dilihat dari aspek keuangan dengan berbagai saran supaya mengetahui perihal akan sebuah perencanaan melakukan ekspansi bisnis tersebut.
Dian Candra Fatihah, Iis Saidah Saidah
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35908

Abstract:
Abstrak Artificial Inteligensi (AI) atau kecerdasan buatan manusia saat ini sangat berkembang pesat. Apalagi di masa pandemi Covid 19 ini, dimana aktivitas dan pergerakan manusia dalam melakukan interaksi secara langsung mengalami keterbatasan. Artifial Inteligensi sangat membantu dalam peningkatan efektivitas dan efisiensi operasional sebuah perusahaan. Penggunaan AI sudah banyak diimplementasikan pada berbagai sektor, terutama sektor perdagangan yang berbasis digital atau marketplace karena sangat membantu promosi yang dilakukan dalam meningkatkan penjualan. Perkembangan marketplace menggunakan teknologi yang berbasis artificial inteligence semakin beragam. Untuk memenangkan persaingan bisnis, maka strategi promosi sangat diperlukan dan merupakan salah satu aspek yang sangat penting dalam mencapai tujuan. Seperti dilakukan salah satu marketplace di Indonesia yaitu Tokopedia yang merupakan marketplace dengan pertumbuhan sangat pesat dibanding marketplace lainnya. Hasil penelitian ini dilakukan secara kualitatif dengan paradigma kontruksi serta analisis studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data penelitian dengan cara melalukan wawancara mendalam, observasi non participant dan analisis dokumen yang berasal dari data internal dan juga data eksternal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan pembelian yang cukup signifikan melalui promosi yang dilakukan berbasis AI melalui model promosi deep learning. Permasalahan yang dihadapi adalah implementasi AI akan kurang maksimal jika tidak diperhatikan dengan detail dan sangat tergantung pada data yang diinput oleh programmer (terbatas pada suatu program). Saran yang diberikan adalah agar secara berkala diadakan pendidikan dan pelatihan khusus untuk meningkatkan kompetensi dan keterampilan tenaga IT sehingga dapat selalu mengikuti perkembangan zaman. Katakunci: Strategi Promosi, Marketplace, Artificial IntelligenceAbstract Artificial Intelligence (AI) or human artificial intelligence is currently growing rapidly. Especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, where human activities and movements in direct interaction are experiencing limitations. Artificial Intelligence is very helpful in increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of a company operational. The use of AI has been widely implemented in various sectors, especially in the digital-based trade sector or marketplace because it really helps promotions carried out in increasing sales. The development of the marketplace using artificial intelligence-based technology is increasingly diversely. To win the business competition, a promotion strategy is needed and is one of the most important aspects in achieving goals. As one of the marketplaces has been doing it in Indonesia, namely Tokopedia, which is a marketplace is growing rapidly compared with other marketplaces. The result of this study was carried out qualitatively with the construction paradigm and case study analysis. The technique of collecting research data is by conducting in-depth interviews, non-participant observations and document analysis derived both from internal data and external data. The results showed that there was a significant increase in purchases through AI-based promotions through deep learning promotion model. The problem which is faced is that the implementation of AI will be less than optimal if it is not considered in detail and depends on the data inputted by the programmer (limited to a program). The suggestion given is to periodically hold special education and training to improve the competence and skills of IT staff so that they can always keep up with the age.Keywords: Strategy Promotion, Marketplace, Artificial Intelligence
Isana S.C. Meranga
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.35676

Abstract:
 The number of Private Universities (PT) in Indonesia which reached 3,136 in 2018 and the downward trend in the number of student registrations since 2015-2019, as well as the ongoing covid pandemic situation, have potential for competition. PT is important to fight for and maintain competitive advantage by collaborating with stakeholders for the sustainability of PT. The purpose of this study was to see the effect of brand image, customer satisfaction, and consumer loyalty on word of mouth (WOM) behavior. This research is a quantitative research with data collection through questionnaires from respondents who are active students of Pelita Harapan University (UPH). Respondents in this study amounted to 180 respondents. Data processing in the study using PLS-SEM. The results of this study indicate that brand image has a positive effect on consumer loyalty, consumer satisfaction has a positive effect on consumer loyalty, consumer loyalty has a positive effect on WOM, brand image has a positive effect on WOM, and consumer satisfaction has a positive effect on WOM. Contributions to this research provide information and knowledge for service company managers, especially universities to make sustainable marketing decision-making strategies through brand strengthening and innovation improvement in increasing student satisfaction and loyalty.Abstrak: Jumlah Perguruan Tinggi (PT) Swasta di Indonesia yang mencapai 3.136 di tahun 2018 dan tren jumlah pendaftaran mahasiswa yang menurun sejak tahun 2015-2019, serta situasi pandemic covid yang sedang berlangsung, berpotensi pada persaingan. PT penting untuk memperjuangkan dan mempertahankan keunggulan kompetitif dengan berkolaborasi dengan para stakeholder untuk keberlanjutan PT. Tujuan dari penelitian ini ingin melihat pengaruh citra merek, kepuasan konsumen, dan loyalitas konsumen terhadap perilaku word of mouth (WOM). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitaif dengan pengumpulan data melalui kuesioner dari responden yang adalah mahasiswa aktif Universitas Pelita Harapan (UPH). Responden pada penelitian ini berjumlah 180 responden. Pengolahan data pada penelitian menggunakan PLS-SEM. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa citra merek berpengaruh positif terhadap loyalitas konsumen, kepuasan konsumen berpengaruh positif terhadap loyalitas konsumen, loyalitas konsumen berpengaruh positif terhadap WOM, citra merek berpengaruh positif terhadap WOM, dan kepuasan konsumen berpengaruh positif terhadap WOM. Kontribusi pada penelitian ini memberikan informasi dan pengetahuan bagi pengelola perusahaan jasa khususnya Perguruan Tinggi untuk membuat strategi keberlanjutan pengambilan keputusan pemasaran melalui penguatan merek dan perbaikan inovasi dalam meningkatkan kepuasan dan loyalitas mahasiswa.
Clarissa Listya Susilo, Hendra Utomo
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i2.35618

Abstract:
Covid-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc in indonesia's economy, especially in its tourism sectors. Marketing research in tourism and hospitality industry can help to recovier the tourism and hospitality sectors by providing insights about people's motivation to visit or travel to a certain place, stay at a certain establishments or buy a certain things. This research aims to understand what motivates people to want to stay at a 5 stars hotel in Bali and whether Social Media Influencers (SMI) has amoderating effect towards intention to stay at a 5 stars hotel in Bali.This research uses a non-probability sampling method with purposive sampling as its sampling technique. total number of respondents used in this research is 100. This research uses a path analysis from SEM-PLS application. Based on results from this research in can be concluded that attitude towards the brand and brand image don’t have a significant effect towards intention to stay at a 5 stars hotel. While brand trust has a significant effect towards intention to stay at a 5 stars hotel. As for the moderating effect of SMI, this research found that SMI doesn’t has a moderating effect in the relationship between brand evaluation (brand trust, brand image and attitude towards the brand) and intention to stay at the hotel. Although this research finds that there are a significant effect between SMI as an independent variable towards intention to stay at the hotel.
Layali Ihyani, Lilik Handajani, Endar Pituringsih
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.36653

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of government accounting standards (SAP) and internal control systems (SPI) on the quality of regional financial reports by refocusing and reallocating budgets as moderators. The population of this research are employees in the accounting department at 43 regional apparatus organizations (OPD) of the West Lombok Regency Government. The data analysis tool uses an interaction test. The results of the study state that partially, SAP and SPI have a significant positive effect on the quality of financial reports. Then, refocusing does not strengthen the influence of SAP and SPI on the quality of financial reports. Furthermore, budget reallocation strengthens the influence of SAP on the quality of financial reports. However, budget reallocation does not strengthen the influence of SPI on the quality of financial reports. The implication of this research is that the variables in this study can be considered by the compilers of financial statements in improving the quality of the reports produced. In addition, the implications of this research can also be used as material for consideration of improving the applicable regulations related to the policy of refocusing and reallocating the budget so that needs that are considered less urgent can be refocused so that the two policies can help prepare financial statements to implement adequate SAP and SPI. Keywords: Government Accounting Standards, Internal Control Systems, Refocusing, Reallocating the Budget, The Quality of Financial Reports
Rezty Amalia Aras, Kiki Resky Ramdhani Sucipto, Emmy Puspita Sari
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.36757

Abstract:
Perkembangan teknologi yang sangat cepat berdampak pada pertumbuhan ekonomi, berbagai macam bisnis rintisan atau seringkali disebut dengan start-up khususnya di bidang teknologi. Start-up adalah model bisnis baru yang menciptakan ekonomi nilai-nilai dan jalur karir bagi generasi muda, khususnya yang tertarik pada inovasi dan teknologi dan melihat peluang bisnis di peneliti start-up teknologi di bidang start-up. Menurut catatan situs forbes.com 90% start-up yang diciptakan di dunia gagal. Banyak alasan mengapa start-up gagal, diantaranya salah memprediksi kebutuhan pasar, konflik internal, kehabisan dana dan ketidakharmonisan tim serta pola perusahaan yang buruk. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan analisis strategi bisnis e-commerce Perusahaan Start-up Digital di Makassar. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis strategi bisnis e-commerce perusahaan start-up digital di Makassar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang dilaksanakan di Makassar Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui faktor keberhasilan start-up yang berada di Makassar. Subjek dari penelitian ini adalah para CEO atau orang yang memiliki peran inti dalam start-up. Pengumpulan data dilakukan untuk memperoleh informasi yang dibutuhkan dalam rangka mencapai tujuan penelitian. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam (indephth interview), dengan mewawancarai CEO atau orang yang memiliki peran inti dalam start-up. Faktor keberhasilan start-up di Makassar seperti Digides, Clean up, Octopus, Mall Sampah dan Helper yang paling mempengaruhi adalah penentuan tim, ide yang cemerlang, timing yang tepat, model bisnis dan kemudian funding juga menjadi faktor pendukung sebuah start-up.
Surajiyo Surajiyo, Nasruddin Nasruddin, Nosi Fanira, Herman Paleni
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v8i3.36015

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain results about the effect of work ability on employee performance, motivation on employee performance, work ability on service quality, motivation on service quality, work ability on service quality through performance, and motivation on service quality through performance in the Undergraduate Education Program. (S1) Faculty of Economics and Business Management and Accounting Study Program, with a total population of students who are active in the Even Semester of the Academic Year 2020/2021 as many as 1148 students. The number of samples taken using the Slovin formula and an error rate of 5% (0.05), obtained a sample of 297 students. The distribution of the questionnaires was carried out offline and online (google form). Stages of research by conducting observations, grouping observational data, searching references/literatures, making frameworks and hypotheses, determining data collection techniques, making research instruments or questionnaires, distributing questionnaires both offline and online (google form), analyzing data using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with a computer tool Lisrel 8.70 program. The steps of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) carried out by Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), model identification, and Modification of the Model as well as the Goodness of Fit Index. The results showed that the coefficient of the effect of work ability on performance was 0.68, and the t-count value was 7.91. Because the value of t arithmetic is 7.91 > 1.96, then work ability has a significant effect on employee performance. Thus, it can be interpreted that the higher the work ability, the higher the employee's performance. The value of the coefficient of the influence of motivation on performance is 0.20, and the t value is 2.87. Because the t value is 2.87 > 1.96, motivation has a significant effect on employee performance. Thus, it can be interpreted that the higher the motivation, the higher the employee's performance. The coefficient value of the effect of work ability on service quality is 0.82, and the t-count value is 8.62. Because the value of t count is 8.62 > 1.96, the work ability has a significant effect on service quality. Thus, it can be interpreted that the higher the work ability, the higher the service quality. The value of the coefficient of the influence of motivation on service quality is 0.16, and the t-count value is 2.45. Because the value of t count is 2.45 > 1.96, then the effect of motivation on service quality is significant. Thus, it can be interpreted that the higher the motivation, the higher the service quality. The coefficient value of the effect of performance on service quality is 0.46, and the t-count value is 5.72. Because the t value is 5.72 > 1.96, the direct effect of performance on service quality is significant. Thus, it can be interpreted that the higher the performance, the higher the service quality. The value of the coefficient of the effect of work ability on service quality through performance can be seen from the magnitude of the indirect effect of work ability on service quality through performance of 0.32 with a t value of 8.62 > 1.96. This shows that motivation is able to be a mediating variable by 32% for the relationship between work ability and service quality. While the value of the coefficient of the influence of motivation on service quality through performance can be seen from the magnitude of the indirect effect of motivation on service quality through performance of 0.08 with a t value of 2.45 > 1.96. This shows that performance is able to be a mediating variable of 8% for the relationship between motivation and service quality Keywords: Work Ability, Motivation, Performance, Service Quality
Devi Rahnjen Wijayadne, Aria Ganna Henryanto, Adrie Oktavio, Susan Febrina Suherman, Teofilus Teofilus
JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v9i1.37904

Abstract:
This research was conducted with fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) in Indonesia as research objects. This study aims to determine the effect of work pressure on work performance, work family conflict moderates the relationship between work pressure on work performance at PT. X. The variables used in this study are work pressure and work conflict family variables as independent variables and work performance variables as dependent variables. The method used is quantitative descriptive simple linear regression. The sample used in this study was collected from one of the largest family business on Indonesia. The method used in collecting samples is non probability sampling with purposive sampling technique. Data collection techniques in this study were carried out by distributing questionnaires using a Likert scale. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that the work pressure variable has a significant effect on work performance partially, the work conflict family variable has a significant effect on work performance partially with a coefficient. Work conflict family variable can be a moderating variable between the relationship of work pressure to workperformance.
Dewi U. Djafar, Marshell Luntungan, Agnes L. Panda, Steven Setiawan
Published: 18 April 2022
e-CliniC, Volume 10, pp 306-310; https://doi.org/10.35790/ecl.v10i2.39101

Abstract:
Lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is associated with greater mortality among patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Renal dysfunction is considered to worsen the prognosis of STEMI patients. This study aimed to determine the correlation between blood urea level and left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with STEMI. This was a descriptive and analytical study using the Spearman’s rho test. Correlation was significant at the 0.05 level. Data were collected from iSTEMI Registry database of patients admitted in Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou General Hospital from October 3rd, 2018 to July 28th, 2019. The results obtained 172 STEMI patients with the mean age of 59.47±9.92 years old, and most were male (77.3%). The median blood urea level was 37 mg/dL (IQR 16) whereas a mean ejection fraction was 46.43%±10.43. The Spearman’s rho test showed that higher blood urea level was significantly associated with lower left ventricular ejection fraction (p=0.01; r=-0.241). In conclusion, higher blood urea level is associated with decreased left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction Keywords: blood urea level; left ventricular ejection fraction; STEMI  Abstrak: Fraksi ejeksi ventrikel kiri yang menurun dikaitkan dengan tingginya mortalitas pada penderita infark miokard akut (IMA) dengan elevasi segmen ST (STEMI). Disfungsi renal diketahui memperburuk prognosis penderita IMA-EST. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meng-evaluasi korelasi antara kadar ureum darah dengan fraksi ejeksi ventrikel kiri pada penderita STEMI. Jenis penelitian ialah deskriptif analitik menggunakan data registri iSTEMI penderita STEMI yang dirawat di RSUP Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou dari 3 Oktober 2018 hingga 28 Juli 2019. Penyajian deskriptif dan korelasi bivariat Spearman rho dilakukan untuk menganalisis hubungan kadar ureum darah dan fraksi ejeksi ventrikel kiri. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan 172 penderita STEMI dengan usia rerata 59,47±9,92 tahun; mayoritas ialah laki-laki (77,3%); median kadar urea darah ialah 37 mg/dL (rentang interkuartil 16); dan rerata fraksi ejeksi ialah 46,43%±10,43. Hasil uji Spearman rho menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan kadar urea darah secara bermakna berhubungan dengan fraksi ejeksi ventrikel kiri yang menurun (p=0,01; r=-0,241). Simpulan penelitian ini ialah peningkatan kadar urea darah berhubungan dengan menurunnya fraksi ejeksi ventrikel kiri pada penderita STEMI. Kata kunci: kadar urea darah; fraksi ejeksi ventrikel kiri; STEMI
Maria C. Wariki, Bradley J. Waleleng, Karel Pandelaki
Published: 18 April 2022
e-CliniC, Volume 10, pp 298-305; https://doi.org/10.35790/ecl.v10i2.37815

Abstract:
As already known, chronic kidney disease (CKD) could result in a change of serum uric acid (SUA) level which leads to hyperuricemia. However, many studies suggest that SUA level has an important role in CKD progression and independently associated with a new onset of CKD. This study aimed to find out the independent association between SUA level and CKD. This was a literature review study using databases of Google Scholar and Pubmed. The results obtained 10 articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All studies proved that there was an association between SUA level and CKD. An elevated SUA level, known as hyperuricemia, was a risk factor in renal impairment and CKD progression. In conclusion, there is an independent association between SUA level and CKD. Keywords: serum uric acid; chronic kidney disease Abstrak: Telah diketahui bahwa penyakit ginjal kronis (PGK) dapat memengaruhi kadar asam urat dan mengakibatkan hiperurisemia. Banyak penelitian yang telah dilakukan membuktikan bahwa kadar asam urat secara independen memengaruhi terjadinya PGK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kadar asam urat serum dengan PGK. Jenis penelitian ialah suatu literature review dengan menggunakan databaseGoogle Scholar dan Pubmed. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan 10 artikel yang sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Kesepuluh artikel menun-jukkan adanya hubungan independen antara kadar asam urat serum dengan PGK. Peningkatan kadar asam urat serum yang dikenal dengan hiperurisemia dianggap sebagai salah satu faktor dalam progresifitas gangguan ginjal dan PGK. Simpulan penelitian ini ialah terdapat hubungan antara kadar asam urat serum dengan PGK. Kata kunci: asam urat serum; penyakit ginjal kronis
Masita H. Kamah, , Alfi S. Baruadi
AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT, Volume 10, pp 23-29; https://doi.org/10.35800/jasm.v10i1.40198

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to assess the suitability of coastal tourism in the Diyonumo Island and the carrying capacity of the area to support the sustainability development of coastal tourism in the island. The study was conducted at Diyonumo Island, Deme II Village, East Sumalata District, North Gorontalo District, Gorontalo Province, from September to November 2020. The data collection was done by observation and surveys. Study location was divided into 4 stations with an assessment of 3 categories designated for beach tourism, namely recreation, fishing, and camping. Tourism Suitability Index (TSI) and carrying capacity were calculated from the obtained data. The results showed that the island has the potential to be developed into a tourist area with the TSI value for the categories of recreational, fishing, and camping is categorised ‘very suitable’. Moreover, the carryingcapacity for recreation, fishing, and camping are 1.916 people/day, 104 people/day, and 125 people/day, respectively. The most important thing to do in order to achieve a sustainable development and management is by properly use and manage the resource of the island and this effort can be done by government through community empowerment programs. Indonesian title: Pengembangan wisata pantai berbasis potensi dan daya dukung kawasan Pulau Diyonumo, Kecamatan Sumalata Timur, Gorontalo-Indonesia
Reskiwati Reskiwati, Medy Ompi, Unstain N.W.J. Rembet, Janny D. Kusen, Rose O.S.E. Mantiri, Deiske A. Sumilat
AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT, Volume 10, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.35800/jasm.v10i1.35238

Abstract:
Bunaken Island generally has a 90° slope and it forms like an underwater wall. However, there are several locations in Bunaken Island that have a more gradually inclined slope. This study was aimed to identify the effect of depth and slope gradient toward vertical distribution on growth forms and genera of hard coral at three stations in Bunaken Island. The data was collected using Line Intercept Transect (LIT) method which was dragged vertically at 3-15 meters depth. The results of study showed two different types of slopes, steep and gentle slopes. Stations 1 and 2 were categorized as steep slope (90° and 55°, respectively) and station 3 was gentle slope (43°). Encrusting growth forms dominated at 90° slope, while at 55° and 43° slope was dominated by massive growth forms. Vertical distribution of the corals shows change in size and numbers of colonies along with increasing depth.
Ettore Nepote, Cinzia Corinaldesi, Antonio Dell'Anno, Silvestro Greco, Marco Lo Martire, Roberto Danovaro
AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT, Volume 10, pp 8-15; https://doi.org/10.35800/jasm.v10i1.37485

Abstract:
The Northern Adriatic Sea is historically subjected to intensive bottom trawling and hydraulic dredging for clam harvesting, which are known to have deleterious effects on benthic habitats. In order to gather information on the destructive impact of hydraulic dredging, we investigated the abundance and assemblage composition of soft-bottom macrofauna in a coastal area of the North Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea), by comparing the year before and the year after the reduction of the fishing effort imposed by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Our results indicate that macrofaunal assemblages changed significantly in abundance and composition. While bivalves doubled their abundance, other opportunistic scavenger taxa decreased or disappeared. Despite dredging intensity decreased more than 50% in 2020, the harvesting of Chamelea gallina increased from 18,706 tons in 2019 to 19,092 tons in 2020. Overall, it could be concluded that the decrease in clam fishing effort imposed by the lockdown resulted in an increase of the yearly clam harvesting. Our study points out that the recovery of soft-bottom macrofaunal assemblages due to the long-term decrease of clam harvesting has potentially important benefits, and that the establishment of long fishing stops, or of fishery restricted areas / marine protected areas could lead to a more sustainable fishery and the potential increase of the clam fishery yields.
Exel V. Sumale, Jane M. Mamuaja, Markus T. Lasut, Hermanto W.K. Manengkey, Royke M. Rampengan, Jans D. Lalita
AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT, Volume 10, pp 30-34; https://doi.org/10.35800/jasm.v10i1.41001

Abstract:
Benthic foraminifera are protozoans that are readily preserved in marine sediments. The relative proportion of benthic foraminifera that harbor symbionts compared to the proportion that are opportunistic or small/heterotrophic can be used to indicate the quality of the aquatic environment for coral reefs via the FoRAM Index (Foraminifera in Reef Assessment and Monitoring). This study assesses the functional composition of benthic foraminifera in the waters of Manado Bay using the FoRAM Index. Sampling was carried out at 4 stations with 3 replicates each using SCUBA equipment at a depth of 3-6 meters. The 4,124 benthic foraminifera specimens collected were distributed over 37 genera and the FoRAM Index ranged from 1.90 to 9.12. The water conditions at three of the stations (Meras, Molas, and Malalayang) are very conducive to the growth of coral reefs, with FoRAM Index values ranging from 5.64 to 9.12, while at the Sario station the FoRAM Index value was only 1.90 to 2.04, indicating that this aquatic environment is unsuitable for the growth and development of coral reefs.
Pelia Naung, Alfret Luasunaung, Jardie A. Andaki, Siti Suhaeni, Erly Y. Kaligis, Indri S. Manembu
AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.35800/jasm.9.1.2021.33855

Abstract:
Covid-19 pandemic has implications for all aspects of fishery activities in Indonesia, one of them is negative impact on the supply chain of the fishery business. To find out more about this impact, the study was aimed to determine the condition, in general, of tuna capture fisheries in the Talaud Islands Regency before and during the Covid-19 Pandemic, and to find out the comparison of operational costs and production of fresh tuna at the level of fishermen and intermediary traders in the area in both periods. Data collection was carried out in April 2020 to March 2021. Three districts in the area were selected as research locations, namely Salibabu, Gemeh, and South Essang. Surveys using questionnaires were conducted on respondents at predetermined locations. Comparative analysis using t-test was applied in this study. The results showed that the pandemic has caused, among other things, a decline in fish prices, effect in community's economy, and a decrease of tuna production. Tuna production is particularly important because while it affected the production, the operational costs remained constant. This occurs at all levels, both at the level of fishermen and at the level of intermediary traders. It can be concluded that the Covid-19 pandemic has had an impact on fresh tuna fishing activities in the area where fresh tuna production has decreased and tuna buying traders are not operating. In particular, the operational costs of catching tuna at the fisherman's level are the same, both before and during the pandemic. Meanwhile, tuna production has decreased dramatically during the pandemic. This also happens at the level of intermediary traders. Indonesian title: Komparasi biaya operasional dan produksi produk tuna segar pada masa sebelum dan selama Pandemi Covid-19 di Kabupaten Kepulauan Talaud, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara
Rafdinal Rafdinal, Riza Linda, Adityo Raynaldo
AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT, Volume 10, pp 16-22; https://doi.org/10.35800/jasm.v10i1.40062

Abstract:
Mangrove forest in Sambas Regency is experiencing several pressures, both naturally and due to land use conversion into settlements, ponds and others. This study aims to analyze the structure of the mangrove community and the existing condition of mangrove forest in Malek Village, Sambas Regency. The research was conducted through vegetation analysis and a remote sensing approach. Estimation of carbon stock was done by using available allometric equations. Remote sensing data used in this study was from Sentinel-2 MSI image. The data was used to obtain information of the area and distribution of mangrove species. Results showed that there were two dominant true mangrove species at the site, namely Avicennia marina (IVI = 212.80) and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (IVI = 187.20). Based on the results of the analysis, the area of mangrove in the location is 368.41 ha, with a dense category of 63.25%, medium 27.55%, and sparse 9.19%. The estimated value of above ground carbon stock of mangrove vegetation ranges from 23.09 ± 2.30 to 49.23 ± 2.59 Mg C ha-1. The mangrove forest area in Malek Village has good potential, it can be assessed from the density of mangroves, area, the thickness of mangroves, minimum damage, and potential carbon stocks stored. Indonesian title: Struktur komunitas dan potensi cadangan karbon di kawasan hutan mangrove Desa Malek, Kecamatan Paloh, Kabupaten Sambas, Indonesia
Siti F. Hidayati, Valentine Umboh, Shekina H. E. Rondonuwu
Published: 18 April 2022
e-CliniC, Volume 10, pp 288-297; https://doi.org/10.35790/ecl.v10i2.37830

Abstract:
: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common urinary tract diseases in children of all ages. Risk factors for UTI include age, sex, poor nutrition/nutritional status, uncircumcised boys, personal hygiene, urinary emptying dysfunction, and genitourinary tract abnormalities. It is already known that infection can worsen the nutritional status. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between nutritional status and UTI in children, the incidence of UTI in children with under nutrition, poor nutrition, and over nutrition, and to compare the incidence of UTI in children with normal nutrition, undernutrition, poor nutrition, and over nutrition. This was a literature review study. The results showed that nutritional status and UTI had a significant relationship. Malnutrition or over nutrition could increase the incidence of UTI. Differences in the incidence of UTI in 12 articles were caused by a variety of factors, such as numbers of boys and girls in the studies, age, environment, and the ways to collect urine samples. In conclusion, there is a significant relationship between nutritional status and the incidence of UTI. Poor nutritional status especially malnutrition and over nutrition could increase the incidence of UTI. Keywords: urinary tract infection (UTI); nutritional status; malnutrition; obesity  Abstrak: Infeksi saluran kemih (ISK) merupakan salah satu penyakit saluran kemih yang sering terjadi pada anak dalam semua usia. Faktor risiko ISK antara lain usia, jenis kelamin, gizi buruk/status gizi, anak laki-laki yang belum disirkumsisi, kebersihan diri, disfungsi pengosongan urin, dan abnormalitas saluran genitourinaria. Telah diketahui bahwa infeksi dapat memperburuk status gizi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan antara status gizi dan ISK pada anak, angka kejadian ISK pada anak dengan gizi kurang, gizi buruk, dan gizi lebih, serta mengetahui perbandingan kejadian ISK pada anak dengan gizi normal, gizi kurang, gizi buruk, dan gizi lebih. Penelitian ini merupakan suatu literature review. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan adanya hubungan bermakna antara status gizi dan ISK. Malnutrisi maupun gizi lebih dapat meningkatkan angka kejadian ISK. Perbedaan kejadian ISK pada 12 literatur yang diteliti disebabkan karena berbagai faktor, seperti rasio jumlah anak laki-laki dan perempuan dalam penelitian, umur, lingkungan tempat tinggal, dan cara pengambilan sampel urin. Simpulan penelitian ini ialah terdapat hubungan bermakna antara status gizi dan kejadian ISK. Status gizi kurang terutama malnutrisi maupun gizi lebih dapat meningkatkan angka kejadian ISK. Kata kunci: infeksi saluran kemih (ISK); status gizi; malnutrisi; obesitas
Rival Sangkoy, Ivor Lembondorong Labaro, Isrojaty Johanes Paransa
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.1.2020.27394

Abstract:
The Large pelagic hand lines operated by fishermen in the Village of Ranomea, South Minahasa Regency, aims to catch large pelagic fishes, especially tuna species. Large pelagic hand lines used in this study uses live bait, so the aspect under study are specialized in the use of effective live bait speciesto catch large pelagic fish.Live bait which is used as a treatment are two species each, small tuna (Thunnus sp.) and Yellowstripe scad (Selaroides leptolepis). The purpose of this study was to determine the effective of live bait to be used on large pelagic hand line, and to find out the number and species of catch in each treatment. Data collection was carried out by operating 2 units of Large pelagic hand line with different live baits around FADs in the Manado Tua waters for 7 trips.The catch during the study amounted to 15 fishes consisting of 11 fishes caught with small tuna and 4 fishes caught with yellowstripe scad live bait.Results of the t-test analysis showed that the use of small tuna was not significantly different from the yellowstripe scad live bait on the catches.The catches obtained consists of 10 yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), 3 common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus), and 2 black marlin (Makaira indica). ABSTRAK Pancing ulur pelagis besar yang dioperasikan oleh nelayan Kelurahan Ranomea, Kecamatan Amurang timur Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan, bertujuan untuk menangkap Ikan-ikan pelagis besar khususnya jenis tuna (Thunnus sp). Pancing ulur pelagis besar yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah pancing ulur yang menggunakan umpan hidup, sehingga aspek yang diteliti dikhususkan pada penggunaan jenis umpan hidup yang efektif untuk menangkap ikan pelagis besar. Umpan hidup yang digunakan sebagai perlakuan adalah dua jenis masing-masing, ikan tuna kecil maesang (Thunnus sp.) dan ikan selar (Selaroides leptolepis). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui jenis umpan yang terbaik untuk digunakan pada pancing ulur pelagis besar, dan mengetahui jumlah dan jenis hasil tangkapan pada masing-masing perlakuan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara mengoperasikan 2 unit pancing ulur tuna dengan umpan yang berbeda disekitar rumpon/ponton di perairan Manado Tua selama 7 trip, dan setiap trip dilakukan 12 kali pengoperasian. Hasil tangkapan selama penelitian berjumlah 15 ekor yang terdiri dari 11 ekor tertangkap dengan umpan ikan maesang dan 4 ekor tertangkap dengan umpan ikan selar. Hasil analisis uji t menunjukan bahwa penggunaan umpan ikan maesang tidak berbeda nyata dengan umpan ikan selar terhadap hasil tangkapan pancing ulur pelagis besar. Jenis hasil tangkapan yang diperoleh tediri dari ikan tuna sirip kuning (Thunnus albacares) sebanyak 10 ekor, ikan lemadang (Coryphaena hippurus) 3 ekor, dan ikan setuhuk hitam/ black marlin (Makaira indica) 2 ekor.
Fenly Robby Rantung, Effendi Pangihutan Sitanggang, Fanny Silooy
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.2.2020.30296

Abstract:
The principal problems of fish catching in Indonesia until now is rampant illegal fishing, contributing negatively to the fisheries resources, regional and fishermen incomes. To avoid this illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, the Indonesian government issued a lot of regulations related to fishery surveillances. This research was to study the surveillance implementation of Law bases and its application, of illegal fishing potencies and legal actions, of law enforcement obstacles for fishing vessels unreported their arrival, and on General surveillance, and to study the relation of GT group size of purse seiners on 3 surveillance domains. From 95 purse seiners existing, 50 purse seiners have selected as samples, i.e. 9 units of 5 - 10 GT, 39 units of 11 - 30 GT, and 2 units of > 30 GT. One respondent is purposively selected as sample from each purse seiner sample, such as skippers (including assistants) and crews (fishermen), to be directly interviewed by using a Likert’s scale questionnaire, the total score is then articulated into 2 surveillance categories (bad or good) based on median value. The research showed that the surveillance of Law bases and its application was 60% good; of Potencies of illegal fishing and legal actions was 54% good, of The obstacles of law enforcement for fishing vessels disobeyed to report their arrival was 58% good; and of General surveillance was 56% good. The Pearson’s correlation analysis showed that there were no a significant relation between GT group size of purse seiners and the implementation of 3 surveillance domains. As recommendations, Fishery Surveyor at PPI Belang have to increase their surveillance quality by training and education program and by optimizing existing surveillance instruments. Surveillance coordination between Fishery Surveyor and stakeholders need to be improved for increasing fishermen incomes, as well as regional incomes of Southeast Minahasa Regency, North Sulawesi Province and Central government. Socialization and education of regulation laws in fishing need to be implemented including the socialization on the importance of sustainability fishery resource and fishing activities, as well as the safety, security and convenience of the crews and fishing boats. Abstrak Permasalahan utama dalam perikanan tangkap di Indonesia hingga saat ini adalah maraknya kegiatan penangkapan ikan secara ilegal, yang berkontribusi negatif terhadap keberadaan sumberdaya ikan, perekonomian daerah dan ekonomi nelayan. Dalam upaya melawan illegal, unreported and unregulatedfishing (IUU) tersebut, Pemerintah telah mengeluarkan sejumlah peraturan perundang-undangan terkait pengawasan perikanan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji pelaksanaan pengawasan terhadap aktivitas purse seiners dalam bidang Dasar hukum dan operasionalisasinya, Potensi illegal fishing dan sanksi hukum, dan Hambatan penegakan hukum bagi kapal yang tidak taat melaporkan kedatangannya, pada purse seiners yang berpangkalan di Pangkalan Pendaratan Ikan (PPI) Belang oleh Pengawas Perikanan, dan hubungan antara kelompok GT purse seiners terhadap ketiga bidang tersebut, serta Pengawasan secara umum. Dari 95 purse seiners yang ada, 50 purse seiners dipilih sebagai sampel (9 kapal ukuran 5 - 10 GT, 39 kapal 11 - 30 GT, dan 2 kapal > 30 GT). Satu orang responden dipilih secara purposive dari setiap sampel, yaitu nahkoda (KKM) dan nelayan, untuk diwawancarai langsung menggunakan Likert’s scale questionnaire, yang kemudian diartikulasikan kedalam 2 kategori pengawasan (tidak baik atau baik) berdasarkan nilai median. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pengawasan aktivitas purse seiners dalam bidang Dasar hukum dan operasionalisasinya, 60% terkategori baik; bidang Potensi illegal fishing dan sanksi hukum, 54% baik, bidang Hambatan penegakan hukum bagi kapal-kapal yang tidak taat melaporkan kedatangannya, 58% baik; dan bidang pengawasan secara keseluruhan 56% baik. Analisis Pearson’s correlation menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan antara kelompok ukuran purse seiners di PPI Belang dengan pelaksanaan pengawasaan ketiga bidang tersebut. Disarankan agar Pengawas Perikanan di PPI Belang perlu lebih meningkatkan kualitas pengawasannya melalui diklat dan mengoptimalkan instrumen pengawasan yang ada. Koordinasi pengawasan antara Pengawas Perikanan dan stakeholders perlu terus ditingkatkan dalam upaya meningkatkan pendapatan nelayan, Kab. Minahasa Tenggara, Prov. Sulawesi Utara dan pemerintah pusat. Sosialisasi dan edukasi peraturan perundang-undangan di bidang perikanan kepada para pelaku usaha perikanan tangkap perlu terus ditingkatkan, termasuk sosialisasi terhadap pentingnya kelestarian sumberdaya perikanan dan keberlanjutan aktivitas penangkapan ikan serta sosialisasi terhadap keselamatan, keamanan dan kenyamanan kru dan kapal penangkap ikan
Franky Adrian Darondo, Sugianto Sugianto Halim, Wudianto Wudianto Wudianto, Meuthia Aula Jabbar
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.1.2020.28048

Abstract:
Bitung City is the center of fisheries industries in North Sulawesi. Fisheries production in Bitung Oceanic Fishing Port showed an increasing trend until the first semester of 2019. Yellowfin tuna is the dominant catches that landed at the port. Along with the increasing fishing efforts but lack of information regarding capture size, research to support its sustainable management need to be carried out. This study aims to determine the average size structure from four type fishing gears used by fishermen, the growth pattern, and the length at first captured (Lc). Fish were sampled randomly from landed catches at Bitung fishing port. The samples were taken from August 2019 to October 2019 with the total number of 3,900 fish samples. The results from the purse seine showed that Lc of yellowfin 47.32 cm FL. Comparing to the length at first maturity (Lm) from the previous research result of 94 cm Fl, it can be concluded that the first catches were of young fish (juvenile). If this continues to happen without being balanced by a management effort, it will lead to overfishing that endangers the sustainability of yellowfin fish resources.Keywords: Purse seine, yellowfin, length, growth pattern, Bitung City.
Aleks Rafid Singale, Johnny Budiman, Revols Dolfi Christian Pamikiran
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.1.2020.27160

Abstract:
The research on the technical aspects of the purse seine SL Tidore is a descriptive study that aims to identify construction and technical efficiency that includes setting speed of the nets, sinking speed of the nets, and   haulling speed of the ring ropes. The results showed that the purse seine SL Tidore including Japanese purse seine nets type pocket found in the middle and on the left and right side of the net portion shoulder, abdomen, and wings. Purse seines SL Tidore has a length of 400 meters and a width or in the pocket section 80 meters. Hanging ratio every part webs vary at 53% on the pocket, 56% on the shoulder, 58% of the stomach, and 60% in the wings, and has a ratio of buoyancy forces and sinking forces at 2,31: 1 (932 063 kgf : 402,778 kgf). The achievement of technical efficiency is as follows: the average setting speed of the nets is 2,819 meters/sec, sinking speed of the nets is 0,265 meters/second, and haulling speed of the ring ropes is 0.215 meters/second. Based on the construction and technical efficiency, the purse seine SL Tidore included in good categories. ABSTRAK Penelitian tentang aspek teknis pukat cincin SL Tidore adalah penelitian deskriptif yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui konstruksi dan efisiensi teknis yang meliputi kelajuan melingkar jaring, kelajuan tenggelam tali pemberat, dan kelajuan penarikan tali cincin. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pukat cincin SL Tidore termasuk pukat cincin tipe jepang dengan jaring kantong terdapat pada bagian tengah, dan di bagian sisi kiri dan kanan terdapat bagian jaring bahu, perut, dan sayap. Pukat cincin SL Tidore memiliki ukuran panjang 400 meter dan lebar atau dalam pada bagian kantong 80 meter. Hanging ratio setiap bagian jaring berbeda-beda yaitu 53% pada bagian kantong, 56% pada bagian bahu, 58% pada perut, dan 60% pada bagian sayap, dan memiliki perbandingan gaya apung dan gaya tenggelam sebesar 2.31 : 1 (932.063 kgf : 402.778 kgf ). Capaian efisiensi teknis adalah sebagai berikut : rata-rata kelajuan melingkar jaring adalah 2,819 meter/detik, rata-rata kelajuan tenggelam tali pemberat adalah 0,265 meter/detik, dan rata-rata kelajuan penarikan tali cincin adalah 0,215 meter/detik. Berdasarkan pada konstruksi dan efisiensi teknis, maka pukat cincin SL Tidore termasuk dalam kategori baik.
Noni Anastasya Sumampouw, Frangky E. Kaparang, Vivanda O.J. Modaso
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.2.2020.30669

Abstract:
Pangkalan Pendaratan Ikan merupakan tempat para nelayan mendaratkan ikan hasil tangkapannya. Dalam UU Nomor 45 Tahun 2009 tentang Perikanan, Pasal 41 ayat 3 menegaskan bahwa“Setiap kapal penangkap ikan dan kapal pengangkut ikan harus mendaratkan ikan tangkapan di pelabuhan perikanan yang ditetapkan atau pelabuhan lainnya yang ditunjuk”Tetapi banyak nelayan Amurang yang tidak patuh terhadap aturan tersebut dengan melakukan bongkar muat atau pendaratan ikan dipesisir pantai yang tidak sesuai dengan pelabuhan yang tercantum dalam SIPI. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat ketaatan nelayan PPI Amurang dalam mendaratkan hasil tangkapan, serta penyebab dan akibat yang ditimbulkan dari aktivitas bongkar muat yang tidak dilakukan pada tempat yang semestinya.Penelitian ini dikerjakan dengan mengikuti metode deskriptif yang meneliti suatu metode didasarkan pada studi kasus. Pengambilan data juga dilakukan melalui survei dengan menyebarkan kuisioner dan wawancara di lokasi penelitian. Hasil Penelitian menujukan ketaatan nelayan Amurang berada dalam tingkat yang kurang taat, Penyebab Nelayan Amurang tidak mendaratkankan hasil ikan hasil tangkapan sesuai dengan SIPI karena dianggap lebih cepat melakukan pemasaran dan dekat dengan permukiman nelayan, dan juga fasilitas yang ada di PPI dianggap kurang maksimal. Akibat yang ditimbulkan berupa kurangnya retribusi dan mengakibatkan banyak sampah plastik serta bau menyengat di kawasan pengembangan pariwisata di Pesisir Boulevard Amurang. Diharapkan kepada pihak-pihak yang terkait untuk meningkatkan kesadaran nelayan dalam hal pendaratan hasil tangkapan.
Franky Adrian Darondo, Sugianto Halim, Wudianto Wudianto
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.2.2020.28921

Abstract:
Penangkapan hand line tuna dapat dikategorikan sebagai perikanan skala kecil. Namun demikian secara kuantitatif jumlah alat tangkap hand line tuna di Pelabuhan Perikanan Samudera Bitung (PPS Bitung), sangat dominan dibandingkan purse seine, long line, dan pole and line. Di lokasi penelitian terdapat masalah untuk keberlangsungan alat tangkap hand line tuna di masa yang akan datang yaitu bahan atau material dari komponen alat tangkap hand line yang terbatas persediannya di alam, oleh karena itu penelitian ini bertujuan membuat modifikasi pemberat yang praktis tersedia bahannya di alam yaitu dengan inovasi pemberat pancing hand line dari batu alam menjadi batu dari beton dan untuk mengetahui penggunaan batu beton mempunyai dampak terhadap hasil tangkapan di daerah penangkapan ikan (fishing ground). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa pengujian batu beton memberikan pengaruh signifikan terhadap hasil tangkapan. Keberlangsungan usaha penangkapan untuk hand line tuna di Kota Bitung dikemudian hari masih bisa bertahan apabila ketersediaan batu alam yang terbatas dapat diganti dengan inovasi pemberat batu beton.AbstractHandline can be categorized as small scale fisheries. However, quantitatively the number of Hand Line Tuna fishing gears in the Bitung Oceanic Fishing Port (PPS Bitung) is highly dominant compared to purse seine, longline, and pole and line. There is a problem at the research area for the sustainability of the handline tuna fishing gear in the future, such as substances or materials from handline fishing gear components that are limited in nature, therefore the aims of this study to create weigher modifications that are practically available in natural material, by innovating sinker on tuna handline from the natural stone into concrete stone. And to know the use of concrete stones have an impact on catches in the fishing ground. The results of this study indicate that concrete stone testing has a significant influence on the catches. The sustainability of the capture business for the tuna handline in the city of Bitung will still be able to survive if the availability of limited natural stone can be replaced by the innovations of concrete stone weights
Muhidin Syamsuddin, Deni Sarianto, Reny Wulandari
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 6, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.6.1.2021.30399

Abstract:
Perairan Negeri Liang Kecamatan Salahutu Kabupaten Maluku Tengah merupakan salah satu daerah penangkap yang potensial dengan berbagai jenis alat tangkap yang digunakan. Salah satunya adalah alat jaring insang yang menjadi alat tangkap dominan di Perairan Negeri Liang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada tanggal 11 April sampai dengan 29 Mei 2019 di Perairan Negeri Liang. Tujuan dari pengamatan yaitu mengamati dan menganalisis analisis hasil tangkapan bawah jaring  berdasarkan ukuran mata jaring dan waktu tangkap di Perairan Negeri Liang sehingga diperoleh ukuran mata jaring dan waktu yang efektif. Efektifitas ukuran mata jaring dan waktu tangkap ditentukan berdasarkan jumlah tangkapan terbanyak. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalahpenangkapan ikan eksperimental dan analisa data secara deskriptif menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap pola faktorial. Dari hasil penelitian yang didapatkan bahwa ukuran mata berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap jumlah hasil tangkapan ikan (Fhit> Ftabel α0,01), tetapi waktu penangkapan maupun interaksi sama-sama tidak berpengaruh (Fhit <Ftabel α0,01). Berdasarkan hasil uji Tukey menunjukkan ukuran mata jaring 2 inci yang mempunyai kemampuan tangkap yang lebih banyak dibandingkan 1,5 inci maupun 3 inci.
Karyanto Karyanto, Darmawan, Tri Widji Nurani
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.2.2020.30123

Abstract:
Keberlangsungan dan produktivitas galangan kapal kayu di Kabupaten Batang bergantung adanya persediaan dan kelancaran pasokan kayu dari pemasok. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghitung kebutuhan kayu di galangan kapal kayu Kabupaten Batang, mengidentifikasi pemasok dan menghitung ketersediaan pasokan kayu, dan mengidentifikasi alur pasokan kayu. Analisis kualitatif dilakukan secara deskriptif untuk memaparkan hasil-hasil perbandingan antara kebutuhan dan pasokan kayu selama tahun 2014-2018. Kayu yang digunakan untuk membuat kapal berukuran dibawah 30 GT adalah jenis bengkirai sebesar 70%, kayu rimba campur 17% dan kayu laban 13%. Total kebutuhan kayu selama tahun 2014-2018 jenis kayu bengkirai sebesar 6.431,67 m3 dan jenis kayu rimba campur sebesar 1.561,98 m3. Ada 8 perusahaan yang menjadi pemasok utama di galangan Batang. 2 perusahaan berlokasi di kecamatan Batang, 6 perusahaan berlokasi di Kecamatan Tulis dan Subah. Ketersediaan kayu bengkirai (20.439,09 m3) dan rimba campur (42.550,00 m3 ) di 8 perusahaan. Stok tersebut masih lebih besar dari jumlah yang dibutuhkan seluruh galangan di Kabupaten Batang selama tahun 2014-2018, yang hanya sebesar 6.431,67 m3 untuk kayu bengkirai dan sebesar 1.561,98 m3 untuk kayu rimba campur. Alur pasokan kayu dimulai dari supplier (perusahaan Kalimantan dan Maluku), agen kayu di Wilayah Semarang, penjual kayu di Kabupaten Batang, galangan kapal kayu. Kayu dipesan dalam bentuk kayu bulat atau gelondongan, namun kayu dikirim ke galangan dalam bentuk kayu olahan.
Ditsen Pangauan, Lefrand Manoppo, Mariana Elizabeth Kayadoe, Lusia Manu
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.1.2020.27449

Abstract:
Soma landra is classified as drift gillnet which rectangular shaped and it equipped with floats, head rope, buoy rope, towing rope and sign buoy. In operation, it is installed in a position to cut the current direction with the intention of blocking the fish motion. The influence of moon phase is one of the factors that is closely related to fish behavior, where one of them is interested in light. Besides the brightness of the moonlight can be affected to the efficiency of capture. Therefore, the aims of this study were determined the effect of moon phase on catches and determined the catches at each moon phase. Randomized Block Design (RBD) was used in this study. The analyzed indicated that difference or reject Ho, means there are differences in catches in each moon phase. The species of fish caught is flying fish in the local language known as Marluga (Cypsilirusolegoleptis) as a target fishes with a total catch of 364.On the full moon as many as 106 (29.12%), the final perennial of 57 (15.66%), the dark moon of 79 (21.70%) and the initial peraniage of 122 fishes (33.52%).
Jefry Dalegi, Revols D. Ch. Pamikiran, Fransisco P.T. Pangalila
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.5.2.2020.29743

Abstract:
Bitung City is one oftunafisheries production centers hand line the very strategicin Indonesia, which is located between two fisheries management areas WPP 715 (Maluku Sea) and WPP 716 (Sulawesi Sea). In the Minister of Fisheries and Fisheries Decree No.50/Kepmen-KP /2017 it is explained that in WPP-NRI 715 it can be estimated to have a large pelagic fish potential of 555,982 tons, the amount of catch allowed (JTB) 444,786 tons, and the level of utilization of fish resources is 0,88. Tuna fishing, which is a large pelagic fish species in the Maluku sea, is generally dominated by hand line tuna ships based in the City of Bitung, but the problem is that they cannot regulate fishing activities more effectively and efficiently to increase catch production. So there needs to be research to find out how the fluctuation of tuna fishing every year and when the tuna fishing season period gives the best catch in the waters of the Maluku Sea. This study aims to determine the fluctuations in tuna fishing activities each year and to determine when the time period of the tuna fishing season provides the best catch in the Maluku Sea. The location of data collection is at the Bitung Maritime and Fisheries Resources and Marine Fisheries Supervision Base (PPS) Bitung office, Bitung City, North Sulawesi Province. Presentation and analysis of data are made in the form of cross tabulations and mapped in various graphic forms usingthe Average Percentage Methodbased on theTime Series Analysis. Abstrak Kota Bitung merupakan salah satu sentra produksi perikanan tuna hand line di Indonesia yang sangat strategis, yang terletak di antara dua wilayah pengelolaan perikanan (WPP) yaitu WPP 715 (Laut Maluku) dan WPP 716 (Laut Sulawesi). Dalam Keputusan Menteri Keluatan dan Perikanan No.50/Kepmen-KP/2017 dijelaskan bahwa di WPP-NRI 715 dapat diestimasi memiliki potensi ikan jenis pelagis besar 555.982 ton, jumlah tangkapan yang diperbolehkan (JTB) 444.786 ton, dan tingkat pemanfaatan sumber daya ikan sebesar 0,88. Penangkapan ikan tuna yang merupakan jenis ikan pelagis besar di laut Maluku secara umum didominasi oleh kapal tuna hand line yang berpangkalan di Kota Bitung, namun permasalahannya mereka belum dapat mengatur aktifitas kegiatan penangkapan ikan secara lebih efektif dan efisien untuk meningkatkan pruduksi tangkapan. Sehingga perlu adanya penelitian untuk mengetahui bagaimana fluktuasi penangkapan ikan tuna setiap tahun dan kapan periode musim penangkapan ikan tuna yang memberikan hasil tangkapan terbaik di perairan Laut Maluku. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui fluktuasi kegiatan penangkapan ikan tuna setiap tahun dan untuk mengetahui kapan periode waktu musim penangkapan ikan tuna yang memberikan hasil tangkapan terbaik di Laut Maluku. Lokasi pengambilan data yaitu di kantor Pangkalan Pengawasan Sumberdaya Kelautan dan Perikanan Bitung dan Pelabuhan Perikanan Samudera (PPS) Bitung, Kota Bitung, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Penyajian dan analisis data dibuat dalam bentuk tabulasi silang dan dipetakan dalam berbagai bentuk grafik dengan menggunakan metode Presentasi Rata-rata (the AveragePercentage Methodes) yang didasarkan pada Analisis Runtun Waktu (Time Series Analysis).
Desak Nyoman A. Susanti, Putri Rejeki, Alexander K. Wijaya
Published: 6 June 2022
e-GiGi, Volume 10, pp 188-196; https://doi.org/10.35790/eg.v10i2.40883

Abstract:
Dentist has a high risk of being infected of COVID-19. This study aimed to determine the practice modification efforts carried out by dentists in Badung regency in facing the COVID-19 pandemic. This study used a mixed method design with a sequential explanatory strategy. Quantitative research was conducted with a questionnaire that was arranged based on PB PDGI guidelines and has been tested for validity and reliability with 72 respondents. Qualitative research was conducted by doing in-depth interview with two informants who had filled out the questionnaire to find out the reasons for the choice of answers and the possibility of other practice modifications carried out. The results showed that modifications to patient management procedures have been carried out such as screening the patients, asking patients to wash their hands, limiting the distance in the waiting room, and measuring body temperature. Modifications to the transmission prevention management carried out by dentists such as the use of complete PPE, limiting the duration of contact with patients, asking patients to rinse their mouth with povidone iodine, and installing exhaust fans in the practice room. The modifications that are slightly carried out are delaying the elective treatment and the use of rubber dams. In conclusion, dentists in Badung regency have made 83% modifications to patient management procedures and 93% modifications to the transmission prevention management recommended by PDGI, while the use of rubber dam is the least modification effort done because dentists are not used to it. Keywords: COVID-19; dentist; practice modification Abstrak: Dokter gigi merupakan profesi yang memiliki risiko tinggi tertular Coronavirus diseases (COVID-19). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui upaya modifikasi praktik yang dilakukan dokter gigi di Kabupaten Badung dalam menghadapi pandemi COVID-19. Desain penelitian ialah mixed method dengan strategi eksplanatoris sekuensial. Penelitian kuantitatif dilakukan menggunakan kuesioner yang disusun berdasarkan pedoman PB PDGI dan telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitasnya dengan 72 responden. Penelitian kualitatif dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam kepada dua orang informan yang telah mengisi kuesioner untuk mengetahui alasan pilihan jawaban serta kemungkinan modifikasi praktik lainnya yang dilakukan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan modifikasi prosedur tata kelola pasien yang telah dilakukan seperti melakukan skrining pasien, meminta pasien mencuci tangan, membatasi jarak di ruang tunggu, dan pengukuran suhu tubuh. Modifikasi tata laksana pencegahan transmisi yang dilakukan dokter gigi seperti penggunaan APD lengkap, membatasi durasi kontak dengan pasien, meminta pasien berkumur dengan povidone iodine, serta pemasangan exhaust fan di ruang praktik. Modifikasi yang masih sedikit dilakukan yaitu penundaan perawatan yang bersifat elektif serta penggunaan rubber dam. Simpulan penelitian ini ialah dokter gigi di Kabupaten Badung telah melakukan 83% modifikasi prosedur tata kelola pasien dan 93% modifikasi tata laksana pencegahan transmisi yang direkomendasikan oleh PDGI, sedangkan penggunaan rubber dam merupakan upaya modifikasi yang paling sedikit dilakukan (33%) dikarenakan dokter gigi belum terbiasa. Kata kunci: COVID-19; dokter gigi; modifikasi praktik
Neira N. Sakinah, Yuliana M. D. Arina, Depi Praharani, Peni Pujiastuti, Desi S. Sari, Melok A. Wahyukundari
Published: 6 June 2022
e-GiGi, Volume 10, pp 182-187; https://doi.org/10.35790/eg.v10i2.40683

Abstract:
: Recently, the need for orthodontic treatment has increased along with the increasing need and public awareness of the importance of dental and oral health. During treatment, problems sometimes occur with periodontal tissue. Orthodontic devices that bond to the tooth surface can cause difficulties in controlling plaque, especially in marginal areas which can cause inflammation and gingival overgrowth. Too high tensile strength and weak tissue capacity are also the factors that can cause gingival overgrowth. This case report described the management of gingival growth in a patient under fixed orthodontic treatment. We reported an 18-year-old female patient with a good systemic condition that had gingival overgrowth localized on the anterior part of mandibula. The surgical intervention was performed by using conventional surgical methods. Its goal was to remove the gingival pocket, therefore, the plaque could be easily controlled. The use of a scalpel was considered very effective for eliminating excessive gingiva. Two weeks after surgical treatment, the gum resulted in good repair. The continuity of orthodontic treatment could be achieved properly after 3-month surgical treatment. Instructions and motivation to maintain oral hygiene were important to avoid recurrence. In addition, multidisciplinary dentistry between orthodontist and periodontist was needed to achieve a better result. Keywords: gingival overgrowth; gingivectomy; orthodontic appliance
Lucky V. Waworuntu, Aaltje E. Manampiring, Gustaaf A. E. Ratag
Published: 23 January 2022
Medical Scope Journal, Volume 3, pp 185-193; https://doi.org/10.35790/msj.v3i2.40927

Abstract:
: Currently, a concept of health services by the hospital, Hospital without Walls, is intro-duced. This concept moves health services from the hospital to outside the hospital building. This study aimed to determine the application of the concept of a hospital without walls in Dermatovene-reology health services. This was a qualitative research design (grounded research) using informants through in-depth interviews, face-to-face and indirect. This study was carried out at Maria Walanda Maramis General Hospital, North Minahasa. Data were collected manually by making a transcript then were compiled in a matrix form and analyzed using the inductive analysis method. The results showed that the Hospital without Walls could be implemented, however, there were obstacles, internally and externally. The internal obstacles were that the hospital did not have a legal basis, SOP, and supporting facilities such as applications for this activity, payment for services of doctors and paramedics, professional human resources in the field of information technology to manage these activities. The external obstacles were the absence of regulation of BPJS for execution and payment of claims. In conclusion, the hospital without walls concept can be applied to the dermato-venereology health services at Maria Walanda Maramis General Hospital, North Minahasa, North Sulawesi Province. Keywords: Hospital without Walls; dermatovenereology services Abstrak: Saat ini berkembang suatu konsep pelayanan kesehatan oleh Rumah Sakit disebut Hospital without Walls yang memindahkan pelayanan dari Rumah Sakit ke luar bangunan Rumah Sakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penerapan konsep Hospital without Wallspada pelayanan kesehatan kulit dan kelamin di Rumah Sakit Umum Maria Walanda Maramis Kabupaten Minahasa Utara. Desain penelitian ialah kualitatif (grounded research) dengan menggunakan informan (10 orang) melalui wawancara mendalam, secara langsung dengan tatap muka dan tidak langsung. Data yang terkumpul, diolah secara manual dengan membuat transkrip kemudian disusun dalam bentuk matriks dan selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan metode analisis secara induktif. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan bahwa penerapan Hospital without Walls dapat dilaksanakan walaupun ditemukan hambatan secara internal dan eksternal. Hambatan internal ialah Rumah Sakit belum mempunyai dasar hukum, SOP, dan fasilitas penunjang seperti aplikasi untuk kegiatan ini, serta pembayaran jasa untuk dokter dan paramedis, SDM profesional di bidang informasi teknologi untuk mengelola kegiatan ini. Hambatan eksternal yaitu belum adanya regulasi BPJS untuk pelaksanaan dan pembayaran klaim. Simpulan penelitian ini ialah konsep Hospital without Walls dapat diterapkan pada pelayanan kesehatan kulit dan kelamin di Rumah Sakit Umum Maria Walanda Maramis, Kabupaten Minahasa Utara, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Kata kunci: Hospital without Walls; pelayanan kesehatan kulit dan kelamin
Jessica Saselah, Mariana Elizabeth Kayadoe, Heffry Veibert Dien
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.v7i1.37709

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Fungsi Pelabuhan Perikanan Tumumpa yaitu sebagai tempat berpangkalan kapal-kapal ikan, tempat membongkar hasil tangkapan sekaligus tempat dilakukannya pelelangan ikan hasil tangkapan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah Menghitung lama waktu bongkar hasil tangkapan setiap kapal serta Mengetahui Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi proses bongkar hasil tangkapan. Aktivitas bongkar hasil tangkapan adalah suatu kegiatan yang dilakukan oleh anak buah kapal, setelah kapal sandar di pelabuahan. dimana kegiatan dari anak buah kapal yaitu mengeluarkan ikan dari dalam palka kapal untuk disortir kemudian diturunkan dari kapal. Proses pengangkutan hasil tangkapan yang telah dibongkar di atas kapal ke tempat pelelangan ikan di angkut dengan keranjang sebagai alat bantu, Proses penyortiran hasil tangkapan di masing-masing kapal terbagi atas 2 cara yaitu, Penyortiran di atas kapal dan penyortiran di Tempat pelelangan ikan (TPI). Proses penyortiran dilakukan berdasarkan ukuran dan jenis ikan hasil tangkapan. Hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa: Kapal yang paling cepat membongkar yaitu KM Dineta 02, dengan kecepatan bongkar 20.46 kg/mnt dengan hasil tangkapan 2.866,67 kg sedangkan KM Mazmur 01, kecepatan bongkar 20.73 kg/mnt, hasil tangkapan 2.500 kg dan KM Betahny 15.62 kg/mnt, hasil tangkapan 4.166,67 kg. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kecepatan bongkar adalah: Merokok, bercanda, makan yang melebihi waktu yang ditentukan.
Lita ImanSari Turnip, Wilhelmina Patty, Patrice Kalangi, Fransisco Pangalila
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.v7i1.36873

Abstract:
Penggunaan Lampu LED RGB dalam air berbasis Internet of things sebagai alat bantu penangkapan ikan, baru digunakan di Perairan Teluk Manado, dengan beberapa keunggulan yakni dapat dioperasikan secara insitu dari jarak jauh dan menggunakan beberapa warna cahaya secara otomatis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ketertarikan ikan terhadap cahaya lampu LED dalam air dan komposisi hasil tangkapan ikan dengan pukat cincin selama 3 hari pengamatan di rakit. Hasil pengamatan yang diperoleh adalah ikan lebih cepat tertarik pada cahaya warna biru, kemudian cahaya warna hijau. Ikan yang mendekati sumber cahaya memerlukan waktu penyesuaian 10 – 30 menit untuk tetap berada disekitar lampu. Setelah pencahayaan warna merah, ikan terlihat semakin banyak dan tenang berada di sekitar lampu. Ada 6 jenis ikan yang tertangkap yakni ikan selar, kuwe, tongkol, layang, tuna, moonfish, dan cumi-cumi. Dengan jenis ikan yang dominan tertangkap adalah ikan selar , layang, dan ikan kuwe.
Ivor Lembondorong Labaro, Revols D.Ch. Pamikiran, Hariyani Sambali
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.v7i1.40351

Abstract:
Demersal fish species, such as Red snappers (Etelis sp.), have high economic value and are in high demand in both domestic and export markets. The fishing gear used by fishermen in the Manado Bay waters to catch demersal fish, especially Red snappers, is the bottom hand line. The lack of complete information about the distribution of the Red snappers in their habitat, the size of the fish and the fishing time and techniques are the main problems.This study is aimed at providing the legal size, fishing technique, and fishing season in relation with feeding period, bait type, and correct fishing grounds for red snapper Etelis sp.. The study utilized explorative method through direct observations and interviews. During the study, 986 individuals of red snappers were caught, 517 individuals in morning operation and 469 in afternoon operation. On monthly basis, there were 270 fish caught in July, 165 fish in February, 154 fish in January and the rest was distributed in other months. Red snappers Etelis sp. were caught mostly at 04:30-05:00 in the morning and 17:01-17:30 in the afternoon. The fish catches consisted of size range of >620 mm TL (110 ind), 630-700 mm TL (452 ind), 710-760 mm TL (333 ind), and 770-800 mm TL (91 ind).
Christian Risky Pandeirot, Lefrand Manoppo, Ivor Lembondorong Labaro, Meta Sonja Sompie, Frangky Erens Kaparang, Arman Thamin
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN TANGKAP, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.35800/jitpt.v7i1.37455

Abstract:
Indonesia merupakan negara kepulauan yang memiliki garis pantai terpanjang nomor 2 (dua) di dunia dengan panjang 99.093 km(DJPRL, 2018).Indonesia memiliki wilayah laut, pesisir dan pulau-pulau kecil yang luas dan bermakna strategis sebagai pilar pembangunan ekonomi nasional. Selain memiliki nilai ekonomis, sumberdaya kelautan juga mempunyai nilai ekologis, di samping itu, kondisi geografis Indonesia terletak antara lautan Pasifik dan lautan Hindia (Hartono, 2013). Penelitian ini dilakukan di perairan Selat Lembeh Desa Binuang Kecamatan Lembeh Utara Kota Bitung Melalui survey di atas bagan yang didasarkan pada metode deskriptif, dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui jangkauan penetrasi cahaya lampu LED dalam air di lokasi penempatan bagan, dan mendapatkan model matematis hubungan antara jarak dan perobahan kuat penetrasi cahaya untuk masing-masing warna lampu. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada malam hari sekitar jam 20:00 WITA sampai dengan jam 21:00 WITA, dengan cara mengukur intensitas cahaya pada sumber cahaya dengan menggunakan luxmeter pada jarak-jarak jarak 0,5 meter, 1 meter, 1,5 meter, 2 meter, 2,5 meter, 3 meter, 3,5 meter, 4 meter, 4,5 meter, 5 meter, 5,5 meter, dan 6 meter dengan kedalaman 1 meter.Jangkauan terbesar penetrasi cahaya lampu LED dalam air adalah cahaya lampu warna putih, kemudian diikuti oleh warna biru, warna hijau, dan warna merah. Hasil analisis hubungan antara jarak dan perubahan kuat penetrasi cahaya untuk masing-masing warna lampu adalah sebagai berikut : I = 52,46 . e- 1,70 (r)(putih), I = 56,27 .e– 2,08 (r) (biru), I = 57,63 .e- 2,28 (r) (hijau), dan I = 39,80 .e2,53 (r)(merah), yang berarti bahwa semakin bertambah jarak (r), maka intensitas cahaya akan semakin berkurang.
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