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Nawazad Hussien Darwesh, ,
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 53-62; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.05

Abstract:
Purpose. This study aims to find an equation for accurately predicting the skills of spike skill beating (straight and diagonal), and the blocking skills about specific physical measures physical and kinetic skills of volleyball players. The skill of spike and skill blocking is one of the basic skills in volleyball, whose performance requires high compatibility and balance between physical measurements and physical skills Material and Methodology. Moreover, monitoring shows that no statistical equation predicts the punch and squeezes talents that hinder the volleyball sector for the age group (14-16). In the youth volleyballers centers in Erbil, the number of players was (75) out of (106) participants (76% of the total population). 25 Players were excluded because they did not complete the test requirements. Results. The manuscript reached the following results: It was possible to identify the values ​​of some physical measurements and physical and motor abilities affecting the level of accuracy test performance of the skill of spike (straight and diagonal). And through the logical analysis of the regression of anthropometric indicators and physical and motor abilities The regression equation for the first indicator was: Ŷ = a + b x The second indicator is: Ŷ = a + b1 x1 + b2 x2 As for that, the compatibility index is the most contributing variable to the accuracy of the performance of the blocking skill, as its contribution rate was for the first indicator: Ŷ = a + b x And the second indicator: Ŷ = a + b1 x1 + b2 x2 Conclusions: were a statistically significant correlation between some physical measurements, physical and motor abilities, and the accuracy of the spike skill and the blocking skill (Straight and diagonal) of the research sample. Regression equations were obtained to predict the accuracy of the hit performance (Straight and diagonal) in terms of physical measurements, physical abilities, and kinetics.
Olexandra Horodetska, Bogdana Kuts
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 21-30; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.02

Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of the work is to conduct a comparative analysis of the functional state of students with different types of posture. Material and methods. The study surveyed 222 students (108 boys and 114 girls). The analysis of the obtained data indicates that only 19.4% of boys and 12.3% of girls have a normal posture. Results. Among students with postural disorders, scoliotic (asymmetric) posture is most common (34.3% of boys and 43.8% of girls), less with stooped (22.2% and 23.7%, respectively), less common with round posture (24.1% and 20.2%). Female students have a lower level of biogeometric posture than boys. The functional state of the level of aerobic productivity, girls, regardless of posture, is higher than boys. Among boys, the level of aerobic performance was not rated higher than "below average", and among girls below "excellent" or "good". According to the standards for assessing the functional readiness of people of different ages in Podilsk region, the "average" level of aerobic productivity of women 20-22 years is much higher than established by GL Apanasenko "safe level of health", and the value of 38 ml min-1 kg-1corresponds only "average" level, regardless of posture. It was found that in students with a low level of biogeometric posture profile, the level of aerobic productivity, regardless of gender, is lower than in people with normal posture. Thus, the relationship between the level of biogeometric profile and the level of aerobic productivity, regardless of the type of posture. Conclusions. The functional state of the level of aerobic productivity, girls, regardless of posture, is higher than boys. Among boys, the level of aerobic performance was not rated higher than "below average", and among girls below "excellent" or "good".
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 42-52; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.04

Abstract:
Purpose: The author tried to examine the water and sand exercise models to maximize athletes’ training ability as exercise media. Material and Methods: This research is experimental research with a “Two Groups Pretest-Posttest” design that includes a pre-test before the subjects are given treatment and a post-test after the treatment. The research populations were twenty male athletes from a basketball club in Yogyakarta, selected using a random sampling technique. All samples were subjected to a pre-test to determine the treatment group, ranked by their pre-test scores, then matched with the A-B-B-A pattern in two groups with ten athletes each. The sampling technique used in this dividing step was ordinal pairing. This research was conducted 18 times in treatment. The instrument used was an agility test using the Lane agility test. The movements for each number are as follows, (1) Sprint, stunt step, (2) Right slide (running with a guard position to the right side), (3) Run backwards, (4) Left slide, (5) Right slide, (6) Sprint, stunt step, pivot, (7) Right slide, (8) Sprint. Results: The research used normality, homogeneity, and hypothesis testing. To test the hypothesis, the researchers used the two types of t-tests, namely paired sample test and the independent sample test. The T-test is a statistical analysis technique that can be used to determine whether there is a significant difference between two sample means or not. The results revealed that the t count was 2,335 with a p significance value of 0.031. Because the t-count was 2.335 and the significance value was <0.05, these results indicated a significant difference. Conclusions: There was a significant difference in the effect of the exercise methods (water exercise and sand exercise) on agility. The sand exercise training method was higher (better) than the water exercise training method on the agility of basketball athletes.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 8-20; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.01

Abstract:
Purpose: Young people who study physical education and sport are a priori regarded as having proper body structure and body composition. It is widely presumed that young who study physical education at one of several national universities of physical education (East Sarajevo) could be characterized with proper physique and body composition. Aim of the current study was to assess and analyze the body composition of a male students Physical Education and Sport, University East Sarajevo, by bioelectric impedance analysis and determine the significance of inter correlation coefficients. Material and methods: In study the participants consist 30 male students of Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of East Sarajevo, the III year of study (Body Height = 182.20 ± 6.89cm; Body Weight = 80.06 ± 8.80kg; Body Mass Index= 24.03 ± 2.58kg/m²). Results: of the study showed that the body composition is within the healthy (allowed) values recommended for this population of students (Body Fat=10.90kg or 13.62%; Body Muscle= 65.74kg or 82.40%; Body Water = 61.54%; Basal metabolic rate = 2045.07kCal; Daily calorie intake = 8436.56 kCal, etc.). Inter correlation coefficients showed inverse and significantly high correlation (p=0.000) between (inter correlation coefficient Fat-Muscle = -0.945), (inter correlation coefficients Fat-Water = -0.963) while direct correlation was achieved between (inter correlation coefficient Muscle-Water = 0.986). Conclusion: The obtained results of the study defined the appropriate body composition of the students, which is a consequence of their adequate physical activity and well-designed curricula at the home faculty. In the parameters of body composition, students of physical education and sports in East Sarajevo had a higher muscle component and lower values ​​of fat component than other students as a result of their somatotype, way of studying, teaching and extracurricular physical activities.
Volodymyr Vitomskyi, , , , Svitlana Gavreliuk, , Olena Lazarieva, , , , et al.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 63-77; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.06

Abstract:
Purpose: to analyze the first experience of administering Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) for the students (studs) enrolled in the master's degree program majoring in physical therapy at National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport. Material and methods. The survey included 21 examiners (examrs) and 46 studs involved in OSCE administering. The questionnaire consisted of the questions assessing the quality of station equipment, clarity of the exam format, other aspects. Results. All the examrs informed of total clarity of the examination format, but only 13 (61.9%) of them noted a similar level of clarity for the studs. Тhe examrs identified 3 main reasons for unsuccessful attempts to perform a skill/task: insufficient training, new format of checking knowledge/examination, slightly different focus of training. The distribution of answers concerning the clarity of the format of the examination and its tasks provided by the studs did not differ statistically from those provided by the teachers. The vast maj ority of the examrs indicated that the skills were of sufficient difficulty for the purpose of the examination. 5 examrs had significant difficulties assessing skill performance according to the provided form, while 7 of them had slight difficulties and the rest had no difficulties. The majority of the studs noted that the number of stations and equipment was sufficient (no statistical differences were determined between the answers of the studs and the examrs). Conclusions. The survey revealed the need for introducing certain changes in OSCE assessment form, in the educational program, conducting special preparatory classes for studs. The obtained results can be used to improve the development of OSCE in physical therapy in Ukraine.
Viktoriia Bohuslavska, , , Volodimir Yakovliv, Tamara Chernyshenko
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 31-41; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.03

Abstract:
Purpose: substantiation and development of the structure and content of theoretical training of kayakers and canoeists at the stage of preliminary basic training and determining the effectiveness of classes using traditional and author's (interactive) means of theoretical training of athletes. Material and methods. In the second stage, an experiment was conducted to establish the effectiveness of traditional and interactive means of theoretical training. The study involved trainers-teachers, a total of 82 people. Among the respondents were 41 coaches of the highest category (21 of them - Honored Coach of Ukraine), 19 people - coaches of the first category, 22 people - coaches of the second category. In the second stage, an experiment was conducted to establish the effectiveness of traditional and interactive means of theoretical training. The experiment involved kayakers and canoeists aged 13-16, who were engaged in the stage of preliminary basic training. The total number of athletes was 42 people. Two experimental groups were formed, in the preparation of which different methods and means of theoretical training were used. Comparison of data obtained during the survey of trainers-teachers was tested for the normality of the distribution using the criterion of agreement χ2 Pearson. To determine the reliability of the differences between the indicators of the level of theoretical training of rowers before and after the pedagogical experiment, the criterion of signs (Signtest) was used. Results. Training sessions on the developed program with the use of author's interactive means of theoretical training contributed to a significant (p <0.05) increase in the overall level of theoretical training of rowers at the stage of preliminary basic training by 29.56%. At the same time, training sessions with the use of theoretical training provided by the state curriculum were less effective and contributed to increasing the overall level of theoretical training of young rowers by only 7.2% (p <0.05). Conclusions. Theoretical training is an important component in the system of training kayakers and canoeists. The use of interactive theoretical training tools using the game method (computer games) in the process of theoretical training significantly increases its effectiveness, in contrast to classes that used only traditional tools and methods (study of methodological literature, conversations, demonstration of posters, stands, educational films ). This innovative approach makes the process of theoretical training much more effective by providing a higher level of theoretical training of athletes.
, Ivan Меlnic, Іhor Churpiy, Przemek Bejga, Zbigniew Śliwiński
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 78-89; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.07

Abstract:
Purpose: The aim of the work is to study the osmotic stability and morpho-functional features of peripheral blood erythrocytes of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome depending on the level of exercise tolerance and associated risk factors. groups of factors that may be the cause, so the development of measures to eliminate them is an urgent problem today, which requires the development of effective ways to correct chronic fatigue syndrome. It is known that the peripheral part of erythron actively responds to changes that occur in the whole body after the action of various factors, including those factors that lead to chronic fatigue syndrome. Material and methods of research. The examination was performed on the basis of the Department of Vascular Neurology of the Central Clinical Hospital of Ivano-Frankivsk. The study involved 30 patients aged 55-65 years (mean age 60.6 + 1.2 years), who were divided into 3 groups: 1 gr. included 10 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and a high level of exercise tolerance. The 2nd group included 10 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and the average level of exercise tolerance, the composition of 3 gr. included 10 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome associated cardiovascular pathology (angina pectoris, hypertension) and low exercise tolerance (3 gr.). Results. It is established that chronic fatigue syndrome proceeds in 3 phases and has natural stages of development which are characterized by three groups of etiological factors and the corresponding levels of teletransitivity to physical activity, each of which corresponds to a certain erythrocyte profile and level of osmotic stability of erythrocytes which are offered to use as prognostic and diagnostic characteristics. chronic fatigue syndrome. Conclusions. The study of the quantitative composition of peripheral blood erythrocytes and hemoglobin, as well as their ratio (color index) in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome on the background of low levels of exercise tolerance revealed a decrease in erythrocytes and hemoglobin by 42% and 25%, respectively, indicating the presence of anemic hypoxia. 2. In conditions of chronic fatigue there is a decrease in osmotic resistance of erythrocytes, as evidenced by a decrease in the number of osmotically stable erythrocytes with a gradual decrease in the concentration of NaCl solution (3.0%; 0.5%; 0.46%; 0.3%). 3. In chronic fatigue there is a deterioration of membranes in peripheral blood erythrocytes, as evidenced by a decrease in their osmotic stability and an increase in the number of irreversibly altered forms of РВЕ, as well as a decrease in peripheral blood erythrocytes, which is closely correlated with decreased tolerance to exercise.
M. Drohvalenko, E. Pustovalova, A. Fedorova, D. Shabanov
Біорізноманіття, екологія та експериментальна біологія, Volume 2, pp 61-67; https://doi.org/10.34142/10.34142/2708-5848.2021.23.2.04

Abstract:
Pelophylax esculentus – міжвидовий гібрид озерної жаби P. ridibundus та ставкової жаби P. lessonae. Гібриди зазвичай представлені диплоїдними і триплоїдними формами, які співіснують і схрещуються з одним або обома батьківськими видами в геміклональних популяційних системах (ГПС). Басейн річки Сіверський Донець відомий своїми різноманітними ГПС і був описаний як Сіверсько-Донецький центр різноманіття зелених жаб. У його межах було описано три субрегіони на основі особливостей складу ГПС (диплоїдні – R-E, з триплоїдами – R-EEp і R-Epf лише з триплоїдними самками серед гібридів). Наявність триплоїдних P. esculentus раніше була підтверджена лише для двох із трьох субрегіонів басейну річки Сіверський Донець, тоді як третій, R-E-субрегіон (включаючи р. Мож), вважався населеним лише диплоїдами. В даній статті ми представляємо результати аналізу плоїдності та складу геному як дорослих зелених жаб, так і цьогорічків у ставку в с. Тимченки (басейн р. Мож, Харківська область, Україна). Три вибірки жаб були зібрані у вересні 2019, червні 2020 та серпні 2021 року (всього 109 дорослих особин і 56 молодих особин) та проаналізовані за морфологічними особливостями, а також з використанням методів цитометрії еритроцитів (сухі мазки), каріології кісткового мозку та флуоресцентного фарбування (за допомогою DAPI). Ми виявили 2 триплоїдних самці серед дорослих і 5 триплоїдів обох статей серед цьогорічків. Загальне співвідношення триплоїдів за віком різко змінюється (9% серед цьогорічків проти 1% серед дорослих), але незначуще (p=0,078). Розмір еритроцитів, що вказує на межу між дорослими ди- і триплоїдами, був встановлений як 28 мкм для цієї системи; для цьогорічків така межа не є очевидною. Усі триплоїди мали склад геному LLR (тобто два геноми P. lessonae та один геном P. ridibundus). За більшістю диплоїдних P. esculentus та наявністю триплоїдів система у Тимченках виявилася схожою на деякі інші ГПС (системи Корякова та Іськова ставків) в інших субрегіонах, які характеризуються присутністю триплоїдів. Наявність триплоїдів, всупереч попереднім даним щодо цього регіону, може пояснюватись декількома гіпотезами: (1) рідкісні знахідки триплоїдів; (2) їх міграція чи міграція P. esculentus, які продукують 2n-гамети; (3) нова особливість розмноження P. esculentus, що виникла нещодавно.
М. С. Каліста
Біорізноманіття, екологія та експериментальна біологія, Volume 2, pp 6-15; https://doi.org/10.34142/2708-5848.2021.23.2.01

Abstract:
У статті наводяться результати досліджень 4-х локальних популяцій кримського ендемічного виду Anthemis sterilis у межах гірсько-вулканічного масиву Карадаг. Встановлено, що ці популяції приурочені до скель, осипищ та кам’янисто-щебенистих ґрунтів, для них властивий компактно-дифузний тип розміщення особин в межах популяційного поля, який варіює в залежності від характеру вікового спектру в певних скупченнях. Більшість популяції розташовані на петрофітних ділянках з проективним покриттям травостою 5–10% та щільністю 1–4 особини на 1 м2. Популяції A. sterilis розміщені на скелястих вершинах хребтів Карадагу на ділянках з ксерофітною рослинністю. Деякі частини популяцій приурочені до степантних ділянок, утворених Poa bulbosa L., Bromus japonicus Thunb., Stipa lessingiana Trin. et Rupr. з найбільшим ступенем щільності проективного покриття травостою. Базовий віковий спектр популяції правосторонній з максимумом на генеративних рослинах. Під час проходження онтоморфогенезу на ранніх вікових стадіях особини A. sterilis використовують весняні дощі та вологу, яка утворилася при таненні снігу, для їхнього росту та розвитку у ювенільні та віргінільні рослини у перший вегетаційний період. Після цього, висока температура та посуха у літній період може викликати вимушений період спокою таких особин, після завершення якого віргінільні та генеративні рослини використовують пізньолітні або осінні дощі для формування осінніх розеткових пагонів. Значна різниця між кількістю імматурних та віргінільних рослин порівняно з генеративними свідчить про високий ступінь елімінації на ранніх стадіях розвитку особин. У популяціях також відмічено значну кількість генеративних особин, які мали уражені шкідниками кошики, що негативно впливає на їхню насінну продуктивність. Виявлено, що A. sterilis має низьку конкурентну здатність, розмножується лише насінням, проростання та подальший розвиток якого залежить від наявності весняних опадів, у зв’язку з чим його популяції є досить вразливими до зміни погодних умов. Таким чином, було встановлено, що популяції є досить вразливими і вони потребують подальших досліджень демографічної структури та еколого-ценотичних особливостей.
О. М. Сукач, І. А. Іонов, С. О. Всеволодська
Біорізноманіття, екологія та експериментальна біологія, Volume 2, pp 47-60; https://doi.org/10.34142/2708-5848.2021.23.2.09

Abstract:
Стовбурові клітини являються основою кожного органу чи тканини живого організму. Існує багато різних типів стовбурових клітин, що утворюються у різні періоди життя організму й розташовані у різних його частинах. До них відносяться тотипотентні та плюрипотентні стовбурові клітини, які існують лише на самих ранніх стадіях розвитку, та різноманітні типи тканеспецифічних стовбурових клітин, які з’являються в процесі внутрішньоутробного розвитку та залишаються в організмі протягом усього життя. Всі стовбурові клітини являються неспеціалізованими та відносно безсмертними. Вони мають здатність до самовідновлення (поділ із формуванням дочірніх клітин, генетично ідентичних материнській) та диференціювання (давати початок спеціалізованим клітинам). Стовбурові клітини відрізняються за потенціалом диференціювання та за походженням. Тотипотентні стовбурові клітини (зигота та клітини, що сформувалися в процесі її перших двох поділів) здатні формувати ембріоні плаценту. Плюрипотентні (ембріональні та індуковані) стовбурові клітини мають здатність до диференціювання в усі типи клітин дорослого організму. Тканеспецифічні (мультипотентні, олігопетентні та уніпотентні) стовбурові клітини виявляються в тканинах та органах, вони здатні утворювати всі типи клітин даного органу чи тканини. У процесі ембріонального розвитку стовбурові клітини утворюють всі спеціалізовані клітини тканин і органів. У дорослих стовбурові клітини діють як система відновлення організму, поповнюючи втрачені та загиблі клітини. Саме тому стовбурові клітини мають значний потенціал для використання у регенеративній медицині. Крім того, стовбурові клітини розширили наші уявлення про розвиток, а також про патогенез захворювань. Цей огляд являється вступом у світ стовбурових клітин й обговорює їх визначення, історію досліджень, походження, класифікацію, властивості, ідентифікацію та регуляцію.
М. В. Причепа, Ю. О. Коваленко
Біорізноманіття, екологія та експериментальна біологія, Volume 2, pp 77-86; https://doi.org/10.34142/2708-5848.2021.23.2.06

Abstract:
У статті висвітлені результати досліджень окремих компонентів гідро біоценозу найбільшого у Києві міського озера Алмазне за угрупованнями риб та водоплавних птахів наявність та чисельність яких може характеризувати загальний стан навколишнього середовища. Дослідження проводились протягом 2017-2021 рр. на різних ділянках водойми впродовж трьох сезонів (весна-осінь). Встановлено, що структура іхтіофауни представлена 21-м видом риб, частка аборигенних видів становили 71,42%. За екологічними групами домінували фітофіли (57,14) та псамолітофіли (19,04). За типом живлення переважали бентофаги (38,09%) та хижаки (18,57%). Слід зауважити, що серед інвазивних видів було виявлено сонячного окуня та ротана-головешку, активних саморозселенців, які негативно впливають на місцеву фауну. В іхтіофауніоз. Алмазне було виявлено два види риб з охоронним статусом - щипавка звичайна та гірчак європейський. В орнітофауні оз. Алмазне було виявлено 59 видів птахів. За статусом перебування домінували мігруючі види – 56,8%, гніздові – 27,58%. Інші види відносяться до категорії літуючих. За типом живлення переважали іхтіофаги та пантозооаги, які становили 34,48 та 27,58% відповідно. Встановлено наявність на водоймі двох колоніальних видів: мартина звичайного та пірникози великої. Отримані дані ілюструють наявність таксономічного різноманіття риб і рибоїдних птахів як компонентів водного та довкола водного середовища міського озера, що дозволяє проводити фундаментальні дослідження з вивчення біотичних взаємозв’язків між гідробіоценозами. Отримані результати важливі в контексті розуміння проблеми поширення водних тварин, раціоналізації використання водних ресурсів в рамках збереження біологічного різноманіття і забезпечення сталого розвитку міста.
І. М. Кучерко, А. М. Заморока
Біорізноманіття, екологія та експериментальна біологія, Volume 2, pp 16-28; https://doi.org/10.34142/2708-5848.2021.23.2.02

Abstract:
У статті здійснено огляд стану пізнання проблеми інвазії горіху волоського на Європейському континенті. Окресено основні напрямки сучасних досліджень, визначено причинно-наслідкові зв'язки та ключові драйвери інвазії, а також розглянуто прогнози щодо наслідків інвазії після цілковитої натуралізації горіху волоського. Початок інвазії на Європейському континенті був поліцентричним і менш-більш одночасним, проте з невеликим часовим лагом між Південною і Центрально-Східною Європою. У першому випадку інвазія розпочалась у проміжку 1970-1980-х років, а у другому – 1990-2000-х років. Причинами інвазії став комплекс чинників, який включає глобальні кліматичні зміни, соціально-економічні зміни, зміни у структурі землекористування та зміни у популяціях розповсюджувачів насіння. Інвазія горіху волоського має каскадний характер, який виражається у первинній інвазії на антропогенно змінених територіях завдяки постачанню насіння із культурних насаджень, з переходом у вторинну, коли дикі популяції самовідтворюються, з проникненням у заплавні та низькогірні ліси. Наслідком цього процесу, прогнозується, буде поява нового типу екосистем у Європі – волоськогоріхових лісів. Всі процеси, які пов’язані з волоськими горіхами є короткострокові і довгострокові, вони впливали на їх популяцію протягом довгих років. Проаналізувавши їх, можна зробити багато висновків, які наведені в цій статті. Результати досліджень та прогнози вчених є дуже несподіваними, оскільки вказують не просто на зміни (часто-густо тимчасові) у екосистемах, які за звичай спричинюють інвазійні види, а на виникнення цілковито нових екосистем, які раніше не існували на Європейському континенті. Один із найважливіших висновків – це формування нових типів лісів із незвичною комбінацією деревних порід: горіхово-сосново-смерекові, сосново-горіхові, вербово-горіхові, дубово-горіхові ліси.
Н. М. Бабенко
Біорізноманіття, екологія та експериментальна біологія, Volume 2, pp 39-46; https://doi.org/10.34142/2708-5848.2021.23.2.08

Abstract:
В дослідженні було вивчено вплив фотобіомодуляційної (ФБМ) терапії на регуляцію репаративних процесів ускладнених ран у фазі проліферації – переходу проліферації в фазу ремоделювання. Експерименти проводили на 18 щурах лінії Wistar. Тварини були поділені на три групи – інтактну, контрольну та експериментальну (по 6 щурів у кожній). Для моделювання ускладнених ран використовували тварин контрольної та експериментальної груп. Застосовували ФБМ терапію щурам експериментальної групи. Для цього використовували лазерний пристрій «Ліка-терапевт» у безперервному режимі при довжині хвилі 660 нм, вихідній потужності 50 мВт та щільність енергії 1 Дж/см². Евтаназію тварин проводили на 14 день після індукції ран. Кров для дослідження брали методом відкритої серцевої пункції. Вивчали агрегацію тромбоцитів при концентраціях індуктора агрегації АДФ 5 мкмоль/л та 10 мкмоль/л. Визначали рівні активних форм кисню (АФК), гамма інтерферону (INF-γ) та основного фактору росту фібробластів (bFGF) в сироватці крові тварин методом імуноферментного аналізу. При вивченні впливу ФБМ терапії на функціональну активність тромбоцитів у щурів експериментальної групи спостерігалося достовірне підвищення часу досягнення максимальної швидкості агрегації. Ступінь агрегації та швидкість агрегації тромбоцитів не відрізнялися від відповідних показників тварин контрольної групи, ранові дефекти яких отримували фіктивну терапію. При застосуванні ФБМ терапії виявлено зміни експресії досліджуваних показників у сироватці крові тварин із ускладненими ранами: зниження рівнів АФК і INF-γ та підвищення концентрації bFGF при загоєнні ран у фазі проліферації – переходу проліферації в фазу ремоделювання. Результати дослідження демонструють здатність ФБMтерапії підвищувати ендогенні рівні bFGF, моделювати рівні INF-γ та АФК, а також впливати на агрегаційну активність тромбоцитів, тим самим сприяючи регуляції репаративних процесів ускладнених ран у фазі проліферації – переходу проліферації в фазу ремоделювання. Потрібні подальші дослідження з оптимізації параметрів, що застосовуються в ФБM терапії при загоєнні ран.
R. Yu. Yurechko
Біорізноманіття, екологія та експериментальна біологія, Volume 2, pp 29-38; https://doi.org/10.34142/2708-5848.2021.23.2.03

Abstract:
У статті представлено результати дослідження різноманіття рослинних угруповань з популяцією Cochlearia pyrenaica DC. (Brassicaceae) з використанням методу Браун-Бланке. Досліджено єдине в Україні місцезростання цього виду за межами основного ареалу, яке знаходиться у ландшафтному заказнику місцевого значення «Верхньобузький» поблизу с. Колтів (Львівська обл., Золочівський р-н). Наразі ця територія входить до складу національного природного парку «Північне Поділля». Протягом останніх років кількість особин на місцевості зменшувалася, ймовірно, популяція знаходиться під загрозою зникнення. Результати дослідження базуються на літературних даних, а також на польових дослідженнях, проведених у 2015-2018 роках. Угруповання місць існування Cochlearia pyrenaica пропонуємо відносити до 2 класів (Molinio-Arrhenatheretea R.Tx. 1937, Phragmitetea R. Tx. et Prsg 1942), 2 порядків (Molinietalia caeruleae W. Koch 1926, Phragmitetalia Koch 1926), 2 союзів (Calthion palustris R.Tx. 1936 em. Oberd. 1957, Magnocaricion Koch 1926) та 2 асоціацій (Deschampsietum caespitosae Horvatić 1930, Caricetum appropinquatae (Koch 1926) Soó 1938) рослинності. Також представлено детальні відомості про екотопи Cochlearia pyrenaica та вплив складу флори на її розвиток. До цих синтаксонів ми відносимо досліджені рослинні угруповання досить умовно. В останні роки було зафіксовано значні зміни у складі рослинності місць зростання Cochlearia pyrenaica. В асоціації Deschampsietum caespitosae Horvatić 1930 чисельність Cochlearia є значно менша, ніж у Caricetum appropinquatae (Koch 1926) Soó 1938. У підсумку, в місцях зростання Cochlearia виявлено 53 види рослин, з них 2 види – мохи, 4 – деревні рослини, 6 – чагарники, 41 – трав’янисті види. Встановлено, що флора угруповань з Cochlearia pyrenaica може відрізнятись, проте константами майжезавжди виступають Carex appropinquata Schumach., Deschampsia cespitosa (L.) P.Beauv. На ділянці № 1 зафіксовано зростання 11 видів, на ділянці № 2 – 53 видів. Загалом спостерігається постмеліоративна трансформація рослинного покриву, через весняно-літню посуху в останні роки ці процеси стають інтенсивнішими. В результаті цього водно-болотні екосистеми незворотно деградують.
Ю. П. Мамедова
Біорізноманіття, екологія та експериментальна біологія, Volume 2, pp 68-76; https://doi.org/10.34142/2708-5848.2021.23.2.05

Abstract:
Досліджено гніздову біологію крячка річкового (Sterna hirundo L.) на мулових полях водоочисних споруд м. Харкова у квітні-серпні 2020-2021 років. Виявлено 228 особин птахів, описано особливості розміщення 135 гнізд та 172 пташенят. Крячки річкові заселяли три ділянки, одну із яких протягом двох років (від 10 до 90 пар). Перші яйця в кладках виявлені в ІІ декаді травня, при середньодобовій температурі +5±1,76°С вночі та +20±0,89°С вдень в 2020 році та при+14,9±3,08° вдень та +5±2,76°С вночі в 2021 році. Пік початку відкладання яєць в крячка річкового припав на кінець червня – початок липня у 2020 році та на кінець травня – початок липня у 2021 році. Різниця термінів початку розмноження крячка річкового, у порівнянні з мартином звичайним, становила в середньому 37 діб. Перші пташенята в гніздах зареєстровані в І декаді червня (5.06.2020;10.06.2021). Перші льотні пташенята: 2.07.2020 та 12.07.2021 рр. Перед міграцією молоді особини збираються в невеликі зграї по 10-15 особин. Встановлено 2 типи гнізд: типові – побудовані як поглиблення в мулі з рослинною підстилкою (51,5%; n=135) та гнізда, які мали у складі будівельного матеріалу різнокольорові трубочки, залишки поліетиленових пакетів (45,5 %); нетипові (3,0 %) – побудовані на целофановому пакеті. Середня величина кладки 2,77±0,43 (1-3)яєць, з коричневим і зеленувато-сірим відтінком у забарвленні основного фону шкаралупи. Виявлено окільцьованого крячка річкового з двома кільцями Israil Atlit Sait – Pans, 27.04.2020, координати 32°42'00” N 34°56'00” E.
Tetiana Dovzhenko
Educational Challenges, Volume 27, pp 67-79; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2022.27.1.06

Abstract:
Considering the current reality, there are new requirements for the organization of the educational process in higher education institutions of Ukraine. Thus, the problems and ways of the implementation of inclusive education for students with special educational needs are becoming increasingly important.The purpose of the study is to substantiate theoretically the problems and ways of implementing inclusive education in Ukraine based on the experience of the Faculty of Primary Education of H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University.Methodology. A retrospective analysis of the development of inclusive higher education in Ukraine has been used; it has been found that it is necessary to organize an inclusive environment and implement training for students with special educational needs in higher education institutions. The study was based on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of July 10, 2019 № 635 “On approval of the Procedure for the organization of inclusive education in higher education institutions”, educational programs on 013 Primary Education, and scientific and pedagogical works on conceptual approaches to the implementation of inclusive education; organization of training of persons with special educational needs; principles and functions of inclusive education, which indicated the need for inclusive education in higher education institutions.Results. The essence of the concept "inclusive education" has been defined. Problems of higher education of people with special needs have been described. The system of education of students with special needs has been determined. It is noted that art HUB for students and university teachers with special educational needs in H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University has been opened. It has been determined that there are elective subjects “Fundamentals of inclusive education” (for the 3rd year students) and “Features of working with an inclusive child” (for the 4th year students) in the educational program “Primary Education” at the Faculty of Primary Education of H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University. The educational program "Primary education with methods of special education" for applicants for the first (bachelor's) level of higher education has been described. The examples of students’ working with an inclusive child are described.Conclusions. The process of successful integration of people with special needs in a higher education institution requires a systematic solution of many tasks. Creating an environment accessible to people with special needs is becoming an unconditional requirement for the development of higher education institutions and significantly affects the competitiveness of a modern IHE.
Tatas Transinata
Educational Challenges, Volume 27, pp 34-46; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2022.27.1.03

Abstract:
The Covid-19 wide spread constrained numerous schools and colleges to stay closed briefly. This phenomenon brings a challeging in teaching learning process. The aim of this paper is to explain the learning process using new language laboratory format. There can be several formats of online learning process: Knowledge base, online support, asynchronous training, synchronous training, and hybrid training. This study employed a descriptive design with a qualitative approach to examine the language laboratory strategis and challenges through the pandemic in the University. A questionnaire and interview were used in this study to elicit the responses of English Lecturer in Language Center, Sebelas Maret University. The findings reveal that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has reformed the Language Laboratory significantly. Both lecturers and students in are faced with multiple challenges in conducting teaching and learning process. In other hand, the new format and content of Online language laboratory helps teachers and students in teaching learning process. Covid-9 also opens an opportunity to reconstruct the teaching learning system in laboratory and establish updated programs and assessments.
Educational Challenges, Volume 27, pp 23-33; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2022.27.1.02

Abstract:
The aim of this manuscript is to present, analyze and discuss the practices developed in a Teacher Education project called Residência Pedagógica (Pedagogical Residency) - a project that the Brazilian government offers to Brazilian universities - and their challenges during the pandemic. More specifically, it intends to focus on the practical phase of the first module of the project, which was when the project-participants observed classes in the school, designed lesson plans for the groups of whose classes they observed and implemented the lessons for these groups.Methodology. Qualitative research method was adopted in this study. The reports, lesson plans and video lessons of the project's participants were used as data in order to analyze their practices under the light of theoretical discussion held during the project. A reflexive diary kept by me was also used as data. Moreover, the participants’ practices were contrasted with situations that occurred in the pandemic context.Results. The project practical phases did not occur as foreseen; however, the participants were able to reflect upon their practices based on the theoretical discussion carried out previously in the project. They recognized the language learning and teaching perspectives in the lessons they observed and, in the lesson, plans they designed and implemented. The pandemic had a great interference in the project, which had to be adapted, so that the first module could be concluded.Conclusions. In spite of the pandemic, we managed to reach the project’s main objective, which was to provide space for college students, who shall graduate as English teachers, to have contact with the school environment.
Iryna Nebytova
Educational Challenges, Volume 27, pp 80-91; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2022.27.1.07

Abstract:
Considering the current reality, when the state needs highly qualified and creative specialists, the problem of scientific and pedagogical support for future primary school teachers’ professional growth during teaching practice is becoming increasingly important.The purpose of the research is to substantiate theoretically the scientific and pedagogical support for future primary school teachers’ professional growth during teaching practice.Methodology.A retrospective analysis of the process of future primary school teachers’ professional growth has been used. We have found that the process of professional growth becomes more effective if certain pedagogical conditions of students’ teaching practice are created and implemented. They facilitate the development of future specialists’ desire and readiness for faithful implementation of their professional duties, professional competence and important personal qualities development, the ability to self-educate, etc. The basis for our research wasscientific and pedagogical studies relevant to future primary school teachers’ professional growth during teaching practice. Results. The essence of the concepts “scientific and pedagogical support”, “professional potential” has been defined. The main tasks of future teachers’ preparation for future pedagogical activity with orientation on their professional growth as well as professional potential components and the factors having an impact on their formation and realization have been characterized. It has been determined that teaching practice creates ample opportunities for future teachers’ personal abilities purposeful development, the desire for creativity through their systematic involvement in the various activities of a modern primary school teacher.The directions in which scientific and pedagogical support for future primary school teachers is implemented during the experimental teaching practice “A Day at School” have been stated.It has been defined that the system of creative scientific and pedagogical support for future teachers’ practical training deals with an introduction to pedagogical activities, adaptation to the professional skill requirements since the 1st year of study, professional self-realization, and pedagogical credo approval in the final year of study.Conclusions. Future primary school teachers’ scientific and pedagogical support during teaching practice deals with preparation for practical pedagogical activities, providing scientific and methodological assistance (both University and school teachers). Teaching practice ensures future specialists deepen and expand professional knowledge and skills, revealing their professional potential and facilitating professional growth in general.
Educational Challenges, Volume 27, pp 12-22; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2022.27.1.01

Abstract:
The article has provided an opportunity for critical discourses geared towards the modernisation of education in Sierra Leone to confront the realities of digital transformation in the 21st century. The purpose of the study is carved towards the achievement of addressing three objectives, which include the assessment of technology provision and gaps in the country, and proffering recommendations geared towards edging the country’s hope of making realistic growth prospects that is comparable to its counterparts in the Sub-Saharan African region.The methodology incorporates discursive analysis of existing technologies that will enable the country to make the right level of progress towards facilitating growth and development.The result unearthed gaps in provision, which is not so much about casting blame, but the need to ensure resources are pulled to address the scope for economic progression across all sectors, while at the same time adding value to the human resource skillset. The conclusion shows that resources should be pulled to make sure the system is ready to leap in a bid to embracing advances in technology modernisation needed to achieve sustained level of growth in the economy.
Liudmyla Pikulytska
Educational Challenges, Volume 27, pp 92-107; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2022.27.1.08

Abstract:
The article deals with the impact of international students’ social adaptation on the training process in higher educational institution. The article aims to highlight and analyze the main aspects of international students’ social adaptation as one of the effective factors that impact the quality of training. The tasks of the article are to study and characterize the features of the process of international students’ social adaptation (phases, types, components); to analyze challenges of social adaptation that international students meet; to introduce ways to overcome the problems ofinternational students’ social adaptation in higher education.General theoretical research methods (analysis, synthesis, system-structural) have been used to reach the research purpose. The result as follows: the international students’ social adaptation is a continuous process of adaptation to new conditions in training, cultural and social environment. That is, as a process in which a student adapts to different activities (learning, scientific, etc.), acquires knowledge and skills, adapts to a new way of life in society (living conditions), adopts cultural norms, values, and interacts with the social environment, develops communicative abilities (language, communication). A number of challenges (psychological, training, socio-cultural) that international students meet were identified. Effective ways such as a proper organization of training process and individual work; expanding friendly contacts with local students; social-pedagogical support; were proposed to overcome international students’ social adaptation challenges.  We have concluded that the sufficient international students’ social adaptation has as a positive impact on the academic process as on students’ mental and physical state.
Halyna Bryukhanova
Educational Challenges, Volume 27, pp 47-56; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2022.27.1.04

Abstract:
The aim of the article is to conduct a comparative analysis of basic research concepts in the Ukrainian and Canadian scientific space related to the concepts that characterize the general context of professional training, in particular in the field of advertising and public relations.The research methodology is based on general scientific and terminological methods, the comparative method.As a result, the comparison of the basic research concepts in the Ukrainian and Canadian scientific space are considered, namely, education, professional education, vocational education, continuing education, lifelong learning, competence, profession, trade, professional training, professional competence, advertising education, integral competence of a specialist in advertising and public relations, general competencies of a specialist in advertising and public relations, etc.The results of the research, first of all, can be used in systematization of the accumulated scientific knowledge in the field, synthesis and generalization of scientific achievements of the field, ensuring the successful application of scientific achievements in practice.Conclusions. The comparative analysis of basic research concepts in Ukraine and Canada that characterize the general context of professional training, in particular, in the field of advertising and public relations is done. The experience can be taken into account when reforming education in Ukraine and Canada.
Anastasiia Dorozhko
Educational Challenges, Volume 27, pp 57-66; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2022.27.1.05

Abstract:
The article analyses the experience of European countries in counteraction to academic dishonesty and plagiarism, as well as the attitude of Ukrainian students to the problem. The specific examples of the counteraction against academic fraud in universities abroad have been studied, in particular, in the United Kingdom at the University College London, in Sweden at the Karolinska Medical University, and in higher education institutions in Poland. The article examines the attitude of Ukrainian students to various issues of academic integrity by questionnaires for its development in higher education institutions to prevent plagiarism in Master's theses.The purpose of the research is to study the European experience in counteraction to the manifestations of academic dishonesty and plagiarism among students to apply the experience in Ukrainian higher education institutions.Methodology. A survey among Master's students in H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University was conducted, which revealed the level of students’ knowledge about such concepts as academic integrity, plagiarism, as well as its types and reasons that motivate students to academic dishonesty and plagiarism.Results. The results of the survey show that, unfortunately, most students do not consider plagiarism a fraud. According to them, posting a text on the Internet makes it common and accessible to all, “nobody's”, and academic dishonesty and plagiarism in the student environment by majority of students is still perceived as the norm.Conclusions. To develop the academic integrity for Ukrainian students, it is necessary to implement a set of various measures. Promoting academic integrity and counteraction to plagiarism should take place at the level of the national ministry, higher education institutions, University faculties, departments, teaching staff, and the students themselves. Such work must be systematic, have a strategy, technology, ways of implementation at all levels of the scientific and educational process. It is expedient to conduct mass, explanatory, preventive work in each university, instill in Ukrainian students the principles of academic integrity, conduct special lessons to prevent plagiarism, work with common electronic programs of text self-checking, and teach training modules.
R.A. Sureshbalaji, , P. Nivetha
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 85-91; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.07

Abstract:
Purpose: The present study is aimed to observe the differential response of pranayama in reducing high sensitivity C-reactive protein and creatinine kinase levels among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in comparison to control patients. Material and Methods:An intervention study was done by enrolling 100 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients who were managed by therapeutics. The participants were divided into intervention and non-intervention group with 50 each sample. The intervention was in the form of sequenced yogic practices for 6 weeks. The pre-intervention and post-intervention inflammatory maker levels were estimated along with lung function estimation. Results: The result was analyzed by descriptive statistics. The mean C-reactive protein, serum creatinine kinase value decreased from 9.53 to 7.85mg/L and from 145.01 to 140.57 U/L respectively following 6 weeks of yogic practices intervention. The observed values were found to be statistically significant (p=<0.05). Conclusion: The statistically significant reduction in inflammatory makers, C-reactive protein and creatinine kinase level following 6-week yogic practices in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patient suggests including such yogic interventions in the regular management protocols of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.
, Zbigniew Śliwiński
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 39-51; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.03

Abstract:
Purpose: to study the types of cardiohemodynamic response of the organism and morpho-biochemical changes of erythrocytes of peripheral blood of volleyball players to physical activity of maximum aerobic capacity. Material and methods In 18 highly qualified volleyball players aged 22.0±0.60 years, cardiohemodynamics (by functional methods), functional changes (by biochemical methods) and the structure of erythrocytes (using scanning electron microscopy) were studied before and after the maximum (3.5 W/kg of body weight) of physical activity. Results. It was found that maximal physical activity causes significant changes in cardiohemodynamics, which result in morphological rearrangement of peripheral blood erythrocytes (increase in erythrocyte deformation index) and closely correlate with biochemical changes (decrease in ATP concentration and increase in magnesium concentration in erythrocytes). Possible mechanisms of realization of features of reaction of an organism of volleyball players to physical activity of the maximum aerobic power depending on type of regulation of blood circulation and morpho-biochemical changes of erythrocytes of peripheral blood are discussed. Conclusions. Physical activity of maximum aerobic power in highly qualified female volleyball players reveals the typological features of the cardiohemodynamic response of the body of volleyball players, which is expressed by conformational changes in peripheral blood erythrocytes and depends on the concentration of individual macroelements in these cells and on the type of cardiohemodynamics.
Alexander Piddubny, Serhii Palevych, Vitaliy Kirpenko, , Federico Anibal Martinez Velez
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 71-84; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.06

Abstract:
Purpose: To study the relationship between the results of the Army Combat Fitness Test and the age, gender, body mass index, waist circumference, and health risk index in the military personnel of the Ukrainian army. Design: The analysis was based on data collected in 2020 for 306 military personnel (255 men and 51 women). Methods: To compare the number of the Army Combat Fitness Test performed and not performed by military personnel by age, Body Mass Index group, and non-obese and risk groups. Pearson χ2 test was used. Odds ratios were calculated to assess the risk factors for failing the Army Combat Fitness Test. These analyses were performed depending on gender. Loglinear and Receiver Operating Characteristic – these data were used to determine success within military personnel Results: The incidence of non-compliance with the Army Combat Fitness Test in men and women was statistically different in all groups (p = 0.000). The results show 23.529% of male soldiers failed the test. Obese male soldiers did not pass this test (83.333%) while non-obese soldiers (20.576%). Among women, the number of those who did not pass the test was 78.431%. Male and female soldiers classified as "at-risk" had the highest test failure rates (54.255% and 97.436%). The observed dependence is statistically significant (p <0.001). The relative risk index indicates a direct relationship between obesity and failing the test (p <0.001). Loglinear analysis yielded a meaningful model (χ2 (3) = 169.182; p = 0.000). Wald allows you to determine the statistical significance of individual indicators such as gender. Body Mass Index, risk. These indicators have a great impact on the success of the test. We can talk about a fairly high-quality predictive model with fairly high specificity and excellent classification. Conclusions. The Army Combat Fitness Test is age-tolerant, and Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference are useful indicators for fitness test results for the Grounded forces.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 52-60; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.04.

Abstract:
Purpose: to build measure sports tolerance for football players in sports academies. The current research aimed to promote a technique for measuring the characteristic of tolerance in athletes utilizing the triple grade ladder model. Material and Methods: The researcher employed a descriptive system to describe the phenomena through gathering, categorizing, processing, and analyzing facts and data to draw conclusions and reach conclusions. Community sample for research purposes: Football school players from Iraq’s Kurdistan area were included in the research community. The sample for the research will consist of (251) players from football academies (Koya, Zakho, Erbil, Soleimania, Soran, and Taqtaq), with the sample purposely chosen for the 2020-2021 academic year with the player’s ages ranging from (12-16) years. Results: The final scale of (27) paragraphs may be according to a triple estimate (3-2-1) ranging from the upper total score (81), and the lowest score (27) and the degree of neutrality (54) and all paragraphs were in a positive direction. The scale is characterized by an unmet generality and high stability that can be relied upon to measure and recognize the level of tolerance among players in the region. Conclusion: According to the study’s summary, the researchers discovered that the scale has an unmet universality and high stability, making it acceptable for measuring and evaluating the level of tolerance among youth football players.
, Maryna Omelchenko, Iryna Turchyk, Iryna Yesman
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 8-27; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.01

Abstract:
Purpose: to give a comparative description of the peculiarities of motor activity of boxers-veterans of different styles of fighting based on the analysis of psychophysiological and biomechanical parameters. Material and Methods: The study involved 42 qualified veteran boxers (age 45-50 years, body length - 178.67±8.26 cm, body weight - 70.96±9.38 kg). The biomechanical indicators of a direct blow in boxing were recorded using the Kinovea program, version 0.8.15, and psychophysiological indicators using the Psychodiagnostics program. As biomechanical indicators, the speed of movement of various points of the limbs and the angles in the joints were determined. As psychophysiological indicators, the speed of a simple visual-motor reaction, a reaction of choice in various testing modes was recorded. Based on these indicators, the mobility and endurance of the nervous system were determined. The reliability of differences between groups of different fighting styles was determined. Results. Tempo-style boxers differ from representatives of other fighting styles in their lower mobility of the nervous system and greater endurance for speedy and precise actions. Tempo-style boxers have the lowest values ​​of the angle in the knee joint throughout the movement (p<0.05, p<0.01) and the highest speed of movement. Play style boxers are characterized by the greatest angle in the shoulder joint at the very beginning of the movement (p<0.05, p<0.001), the highest speed of fist and shoulder movement at the very beginning of the movement (p<0.001). Power style boxers develop maximum movement speed at the end of a straight punch compared to the beginning. Power style boxers are distinguished by the smallest values ​​of the angle in the elbow joint, which is especially noticeable at the end of the movement (p<0.001). Conclusions. Psychophysiological features of boxers of different styles of fighting are reflected in the features of the technique of a direct blow. The lack of speed when tempo-style boxers are engaged in movement is supplemented and compensated by the high speed of movement. Play style boxers are characterized by high speed of movement at the very beginning of punching. Power style boxers are distinguished by the gradual development of movement speed.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 28-38; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.02

Abstract:
Purpose: In today's sport, and especially in high-performance sports where volleyball also belongs, continuous monitoring of Body Composition (BC) can significantly regulate the training process, which has a positive effect on the top form of athletes. Aim of the current study was to assess and analyze the body composition of a female volleyball players VC "Jahorina", by Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA). Material and methods: In study the participants consist 18 female volleyball players, the members of the Volleyball Club ''Jahorina'' from Pale, East Sarajevo City (Body height = 173 ± 8.77 cm; Body weight = 66.04 ± 9.09kg; BMI = 22.03 ± 2.19 kg/m², decimal age 19.11 ± 2.63 years old) who competes in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Results: of the study showed that the body composition is within the healthy (allowed) values recommended for this population of volleyball players (Body Fat = 24.82%; Body Fat=11.44kg; Body Water = 53.68%; Body Muscle = 47.09 kg, BMR = 1538.08; DCI = 6435.38, etc.). Conclusion: Compared to the results of other authors, that Jahorina volleyball players do not lag far behind European clubs in terms of weaker BC (BF%, BFkg, BW%, BMkg, BMR, DCI, BMI, etc.). The only place where they are inferior is the body height of the volleyball player (height = 173 ± 8.77 cm), while the relative value of Body weight = 66.04 ± 9.09 kg is evident.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 61-70; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.05

Abstract:
Thepurpose of the study is – to develop fitness-technology for 30-35 year old women to increase physical fitness and body sculpt improvement. Material and methods. The study was performed from at the premises of lyceum "Perspektyva", Zaporizhzhia. It was attended by 83 women aged 30-35, who were divided into experimental and control groups. All women were classified in the main medical group. The fitness-technology is combination of theoretical and practical blocks. The fitness-technology was developed for 8 months and consisted of 3 stages: preparatory (duration – 8 weeks, intensity – 40-50% maximal oxygen consumption (MOC), main (duration – 16 weeks, intensity in the range from 50% to 75% MOC) and adaptation (duration 8 weeks, intensity – 75-85% MOC). At the beginning and at the end of the research, all women followed the control tests, which allowed to determine the level of physical fitness and to determine the indicators of their body structure. Results. The highest increase in indicators was in the tests: "Floor dip" control group (CG) increased by 14,29% and experimental group (EG) increased by 24,57%; "Static strength endurance of the shoulder strength" CG increased by 8,00% and EG increased by 21,00%; "Static strength endurance of the back muscles" CG increased by 10,53% and EG increased by 20,05%. "Angled position" CG increased by 25,00% and in the EG increased by 38,33%; "Middle split" CG increased by 18,52% and EG increased by 29,85%. After the introduction of fitness-technology, the indicators "Body Mass Index" decreased in both groups and were able to return to "normal": 24,73 - control group and 22,05 - experimental group. The indicators of the experimental group were better due to the using a block system, which allowed to adjust the fitness technology for each woman on every of the three stages in the fitness-technology. Conclusion. The highest absolute increment of physical fitness indicators in experimental and control groups was found in such motor abilities as flexibility (р<0,01) and strength (р<0,01, р<0,05). The obtained percentage increase in anthropometric measures shows, that for the selected age group we have developed the right fitness-technology for the body sculpt.
Д. В. Коваль
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 235-237; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.56

Abstract:
The article defines the essence of the concept of «professional ambitions of the individual»; the components of the specified education and their content are presented; emphasis is placed on the connection between the adequacy of professional ambitions and self-esteem; emphasis is placed on the task of the educational institution — the formation of adequate professional ambitions of future professionals
О. Г. Кіріленко, В. В. Рижкова
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 238-243; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.57

Abstract:
The ability to work with information computer technologies (ICT) has been determined to become a prerequisite for educational and professional activities of masters of Philology in the field of Applied Linguistics. The main problems the introduction of ICT in the educational process are revealed to be as follows: unpreparedness of teachers and students to use ICT lack of an interdisciplinary approach in the formation of the content of academic subjects
Лей Сяо
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 220-222; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.52

Abstract:
Self-expression in today’s world has many opportunities, especially for young people. Digital technology allows you to express yourself anywhere in the world. Citizens’ self-expression and, most importantly, students are the basis for the development of a healthy and democratic society
С. О. Васильєва, Н. О. Агаркова
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 337-340; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.81

Abstract:
In the article on the basis of the analysis of psychological and pedagogica literature determined the influence of the educational environment of the educational institution on the formation of the social position of students. The components that contribute to the formation of the social position of students are identified, in accordance with which the practical technologies of classroom and extracurricular work of applicants are given
Л. Т Рябовол
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 352-356; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.85

Abstract:
It is established that the «Methodologies and organization of scientific activity» plays an important role in the formation of competencies and program learning outcomes of applicants (master’s) level of higher education in the specialty 262 Law enforcement; appropriate knowledge and skills contribute to the development of their thinking, allow them to better adapt to the conditions of professional activity.
Ван Інчжи
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 292-296; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.69

Abstract:
In the article, based on the analysis of the musical performance activity of a music teacher, the formation of musical performance competence is substantiated. Its structure is determined, consisting of musical-theoretical, mental-operational, communicative-organizational, interpretive-research knowledge and skills
О. В. Бунчук, А. К Коропаткова
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 317-319; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.75

Abstract:
The publication analyzes the development of the creative potential of the future teacher of choreographic disciplines, which revealed that the training of future teachers of choreographic disciplines has a multi-vector nature, which is a complex combination of professional and pedagogical and professional choreographic components.
О. С. Кабанська
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 284-287; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.67

Abstract:
In the article spiritual and intellectual skills are considered as a part of components of professional activity of the teacher. Thanks to design, future teachers have the opportunity to imagine the future of the profession, their purpose in the profession. The development of spiritual and intellectual skills is the basis of successful self-realization of a modern school teacher
Н. М. Чернушенко
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 312-316; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.74

Abstract:
“Linguistic personality” concept is generalized in the article; objective and subjective factors that influence linguistic personality formation of a primary school teacher are stated; expediency of linguistic personality concept essence is substantiated for training of the future new Ukrainian school teachers, problems of linguistic personality formation of future teachers in the scope of modern linguodidactics
М. О. Семенова
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 288-291; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.68

Abstract:
As Ukraine embarks on the path of market reforms, this process also affects education, which for the most part turns into market-oriented education, and in a digital environment. In such conditions, the professional training of future primary school teachers acquires a new meaning, although his preparation for self-realization is the main task of higher education at all levels.
М. Е. Пісоцька, Т. О. Олійник
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 265-268; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.63

Abstract:
The article describes the peculiarities of using nonparametric methods of mathematical statistics, provides an algorithm for using the McNamara criterion to test the reliability of statistical hypotheses as assumptions about the results of pedagogical research, states the conditions of application of the criterion, and gives an example of mathematical processing of pedagogical measurements.
О. В. Попова
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 216-219; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.51

Abstract:
The article presents an analysis of the essence of intellectual mobility as a personality quality of high school students, proposes the structure of the concept and describes its components, as well as considers the means of forming intellectual mobility of high school students in the learning process
Д. Г Доценко
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 325-326; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.77

Abstract:
The article describes the formation of managerial competence of a higher education institution`s teacher. It is noted that spiritual and intellectual development is a component of managerial competence of a teacher of higher education
Ян Ян, Ван Ціхуей
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 300-303; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.71

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the analysis of the experience of formation of aesthetic culture in China, the definition of means that contribute to its formation. Based on the analysis of literary sources, a system of means is determined: works of art (singing, opera, ballet, theatrical performances, etc.); personal and pedagogical skills of the teacher, individual abilities
О. О. Долгопол, А. С. Клюєва
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 226-229; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.54

Abstract:
The results of the research on the definition of the concept of tolerance by modern students are highlighted. It is found that students consider tolerance to be an ability to maintain friendly relations with others regardless of age, religion, gender, professional and other differences.
О. С. Синьов
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 203-207; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.48

Abstract:
The role of chess as a micromodel of human relations is considered and on this basis the conditions of their use in formation of mutual relations between people, moral values and world outlook on social processes are investigated. This is especially true of trigonal chess. In contrast to classical chess, where the qualities of fighters aimed at rivalry and confrontation are valued, in trigonal chess there is an opportunity to cultivate cooperation on the basic values of life
О. М. Тіщенко
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 208-211; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.49

Abstract:
Civic education is expressed in culture, social information and motivation for social activity. Civic education influences the formation of spiritual person’s needs and interests, ethical and aesthetic manners, legal consciousness and behaviour, artistic ideals and tastes of people.
Н. О. Пономарьова
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 274-279; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.65

Abstract:
The article considers the influence of professional pedagogical activity of future teachers during the period of study in higher pedagogical education on complex, stage and dynamic processes of their professional selfrealization, the analysis of practical experience of studying the problem of professional self-realization of future teachers in H. S. KhNPU.
І. О. Шпак
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 230-234; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.55

Abstract:
The article identifies the features of modern distance education organization. The essence and correlation of the concepts «distance education» and «distance learning» are clarified. The main features of the organization of distance learning include: the students’ ability to choose the most effective way to organize learning, which fully meets students’ personal needs; independently monitor the progress of their studies
А. О. Денисенко
Spiritual-intellectual upbringing and teaching of youth in the 21st century pp 269-273; https://doi.org/10.34142//2708-4809.siuty.2021.64

Abstract:
Theses consider the importance of pedagogical monitoring of student leisure in distance learning. The purpose, mission of monitoring of educational process in higher pedagogical establishments of education is defined. The question of search of new technologies of pedagogical monitoring of educational potential of student leisure in the conditions of distance learning is raised.
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