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American Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences pp 55-64; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajpab.022.055064

Abstract:
There were 172 heads comprising 141 hens and 31 roosters from the Davao region collected and randomly sampled to describe the phenotypic characteristics in terms of qualitative (feather morphology, comb type, skin, and shank color) and quantitative (body weight, body length, chest circumference, shank length, height, and wingspan) traits of the mottled native chickens. The modified Philippine Native Animal Development survey questionnaire was used in the collection of data. Qualitative traits were analyzed using frequency and percentages while quantitative characteristics were analyzed through one-way ANOVA using Tukey's HSD test. There morphological characteristics of native chicken in the Davao region vary by province. Nonetheless, mottled native chicken is predominantly of a single comb, white skin, yellow shank, and normal feather morphology. Body weight and length, chest circumference, shank length, and wingspan for chickens were significantly different except for the body height of mottled native chickens across provinces. Meanwhile, all morphometric characteristics of roosters are significantly different across provinces. The mottled type of native chicken in the Davao region has been found out diverse as manifested in the quantitative and qualitative characteristics gathered. This study recommends incorporating the results of the genotypic characteristics of mottled native chickens in the Davao Region to further determine its diversity and lineages.
International Journal of Management and Accounting pp 49-58; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijma.022.00490058

Abstract:
Organizations need diversified business process management and multi-dimensional knowledge management, critical components of organizational outcomes, to succeed in the Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry. The current study examines how to improve BPO to determine what drives organizations to develop the BPO industry. Data has been collected using a structured questionnaire considering the 7-point Likert scale. The Structural Equation Model (SEM) has been employed to simultaneously show the relationships among constructs. The findings reveal that business process and knowledge management positively promote business process outsourcing. Nonetheless, the growing trend of the BPO industry is a source of concern for the Bangladeshi industry in the current environment. Testing business processes and knowledge management inside BPM also provides researchers and policymakers with significant insights and diverse ramifications. Bangladesh is the 13th best-emerging economy in the world; thus, the findings generated from Bangladesh could be generalized to the other emerging economies in the world for increasing the BPO industry.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 100-110; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.01000110

Abstract:
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a chronic endocrine disorder with clinical manifestations of oligomenorrhoea, amenorrhea, hirsuitism, ovarian dysfunction, and multiple ovarian cysts, affecting many women of reproductive age. PCOS is the primary cause of ovulatory infertility worldwide. This study assessed the concentration of reproductive hormones in polycystic ovarian syndrome patients attending tertiary hospitals in the Niger Delta Region, Nigeria. Three hundred and fifty infertile premenopausal women aged 20 to 40 years were recruited; comprising 250 women presenting complete Rotterdam patients of polycystic ovarian syndrome diagnostic criteria, and 100 apparently healthy women who serve as the control. Blood samples were collected and analyzed for reproductive hormone levels using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent Assay. The result showed significantly increased concentration of estradiol, luteinizing hormone, LH/FSH ratio, testosterone, and prolactin levels in the PCOS patients when compared with the control subjects. Progesterone and Follicle-stimulating hormone levels were significantly lower in the patients with PCOS than in normal subjects. However, there was no significant difference was observed in the serum dehydroepiandrosterone levels. Furthermore, the study revealed that insulin resistance level was significantly (p=0.000) higher in the PCOS patients than in the control subjects. The BMI was significantly higher in PCOS patients than in the control group. The study result showed a positive correlation between BMI and insulin resistance, and a negative correlation with FSH. The result showed a significant positive correlation between estrogen and insulin resistance, Luteinizing hormone, and a negative correlation with LH/FSH ratio. The study affirms that there is an interrelationship between hormones thus, promoting hormonal disorders in polycystic ovarian syndrome patients.
Australian Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology pp 65-77; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajeit.022.065077

Abstract:
The education sector plays a vital role in achieving long-term economic and national development. During the last decades, due to the availability of resources and technology, efficient and higher standards in education have become easier to attain. The amount of data in educational institutions is growing rapidly. Through the data mining and machine learning methodologies, it has become easier to look into data from a different perspective and extract various information from the data. In our research, we use various algorithms to find out the correlation between features and predict students’ performance using their academic records. We try to find out the factors which affect and influence the performance of students. We implemented both unsupervised and supervised learning algorithms in our research. K-mean clustering has been used as an unsupervised learning method to group the students and find out the dependencies between the features. For prediction purposes, we use classification techniques like KNN and Linear Regression to predict students’ performance. Our research not only aims into finding useful information but also provides insight into students’ preferred teaching methods, potentiality, and performance. This information can guide the students for their future and guide them to their preferred fields according to their skill sets.
International Journal of Material and Mathematical Sciences pp 45-60; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijmms.022.045060

Abstract:
The study aims to examine the contribution of curriculum development programs on home-based learning practice theory support among educational institutions in the area of modular set-up, task accomplishment, learning process, and attitude toward home-based learning. Mixed methods are employed in the study as the application of qualitative and quantitative research design which also includes the Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Purposive sampling is utilized in gathering the samples and data. Thirty (30) respondents are utilized in the study. Results show that modular set-up in the home-based learning modular structure provides an opportunity to practice, apply, analyze, or synthesize new information exercises among students, accomplishment of tasks show that students are provided to work, solve the real challenges, and issues on the task provided such as information, ideas, and thoughts for better outcome, learning process shows to provide specific and clear instructions in the learning process which engage a complete activity outline in the modular lesson on home-based learning and analyzes the implementation and needs of an active learning strategy to provide evidence in a particular active learning techniques for home-based learning teaching of student improvement, and attitude of students toward their home-based learning shows that students explore their home based-learning modular lesson activities and the ability to control the technology expectation and experiences in managing the learning spaces on students' role and engagement. This includes students who have a negative attitude toward their home based-learning especially when there is an inadequacy of personal interaction among them. Findings show that there is a significant correlation between the curriculum development program on home-based learning practice theory and support among the educational institutions in modular set-up, an accomplishment of the task, learning process, and attitude toward home-based learning as observed by the respondents.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 47-55; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.022.047055

Abstract:
The massive outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic hit the world hard and Bangladesh is one the most affected countries by this pandemic. The condition of micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in the tourism sector in Bangladesh was worse during the outbreak. This project aims to examine the possible impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on micro, small, and medium-sized tourism enterprises (MSMTEs) in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), Bangladesh. This research is exploratory and descriptive in nature. Both primary and secondary data have been collected and analyzed to prepare this paper. Data were collected from 150 respondents and the collected data was analyzed by using SPSS (20) and MS Excel software. The outcome of the regression analysis shows that out of eleven independent variables seven of them have a significant influence on the dependent variable (overall impact of Covid-19 on small, medium, and micro-enterprises). These seven variables are employee turnover, challenges to new recruitment, decrease in income, business growth, a decrease in customers, business relationship hamper, and social stress on the entrepreneur. On the basis of the research findings, some of the strategies for the MSMTEs have been recommended at the end of this paper.
International Journal of Management and Accounting pp 33-48; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijma.022.00330048

Abstract:
The study investigates how consumers rank the factors that enhance the purchase decision of pocket-friendly sized beverages packaging using the Analytic Hierarchy Process. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Of the total population of 314,797, the selected University students in Southwest, Nigeria, 384 respondents were sampled using the Multistage sampling technique using the Krejcie and Morgan, (1970) formula as a guide. Structured questionnaire was administered to the respondents, with a success response rate of 381 (99.22%). Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Based on the AHP, the result of the data analysis stipulates that size is the highest-ranked purchase decision when selecting a beverage in this study, followed by dispensing mode and price. In the size sub-criterion, single-serve size was the most preferred pocket-friendly package among the students. In terms of mode of dispensing, it was discovered that students mostly preferred cutting the edge of the sachet of the package. Also, price fairness was the most important price criterion. Reliability and family income were the most ranked factors driving the perceived quality and students’ disposable income of the students respectively. The study concluded that single-serve size was the most preferred pocket-friendly package among the students. In terms of mode of dispensing, it was discovered that students mostly preferred cutting the edge of the sachet of the package. Also, in price criterion, price fairness was the most important price criterion, that affects students’ purchase decisions. Reliability and family income were the main factors driving the perceived quality and disposable income of the students respectively. It is then recommended that it is believed that pocket-friendly sized packaging will enable manufacturers to grow their market share and meet fast-changing market demands.
British Journal of Arts and Humanities pp 89-96; https://doi.org/10.34104/bjah.022089096

Abstract:
Financial crimes are activities that generate wealth through the conduct of criminal activities, including the act of protecting the benefit that has been facilitated dishonestly by taking the benefits or obtaining property from any unlawful activity a.k.a. money laundering offences. The authors express their views by referring to 'get rich, quick’ as a reactionary and impulsive behaviour, detected among locals involved directly or indirectly in dishonest or fraudulent activities of those in power. The authors further converse about how such corruption may lead to a sense of despair and alienation in the society, especially for those who are deprived of their basic human rights due to such prevalent corruption and governance failure. And how much can also weaken the key institutions of the national integrity system as corruption teardowns public trust in the government. The authors in this paper articulated in a chronological manner a clear nexus as to how techniques used to launder money are often used by organised crime for drug trafficking purposes and/or terrorist financing; as such funds may originate from legitimate sources and/or criminal activities. Research methodology applied by the authors is solely for the objective of gathering and analyzing the information acquired, applying an open-ended and conversational communication. Here the authors desire to rely mainly on secondary sources for data collection where the authors apply comparative analysis methods to examine relationships between the variables to better emphasize the dire need to make more people aware of such criminal activities that amount to money laundering offences.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 94-105; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.0940105

Abstract:
In Bangladesh, the difficulties associated with waste management have taken on a major dimension during the past several decades. The high population growth rate and rise in economic activity in Bangladesh's metropolitan regions, along with a lack of waste management training, make attempts to enhance waste management services difficult. In Bangladesh, per capita, trash output in urban residential areas is much greater than in rural residential areas. The nations' capacity to collect, handle, dispose of, or recycle the trash in a cost-effective way is severely constrained. Bangladesh, like the rest of the globe, has seen a considerable increase in environmental threats. Attackers in the atmosphere represent an overwhelming danger to humans and other living things. Wetlands, aquatic bodies, coral reefs, and the seas are all threatened by the dumping of hazardous waste and pollution from land-based sources. There is also rising worry about the negative socioeconomic, public health, and environmental effects of e-waste toxicity. Standard technology, infrastructure, skilled staff, and budgetary constraints are significant problems for private business owners. They now require e-waste management standards and guidelines in order to do business in an environmentally sustainable manner. Whereas many developed and developing nations have established a scientific method for efficient garbage disposal, Bangladesh has yet to formulate a "Comprehensive National Strategy" to effectively manage the problem of trash disposal. Some laws and regulations, such as the Environment Conservation Act of 1995, contain measures for the reduction and control of waste emissions from diverse sources, as well as their disposal. The goal of this study is to look into and evaluate how useful Bangladesh's current laws are for managing waste.
Australian Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology pp 52-64; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajeit.022.052064

Abstract:
Flood bunds are earthen embankments constructed along rivers to control the floods. Historically speaking, floods in Indus River Basin (IRB) in Pakistan have been posing serious threats and damages to infrastructure and human lives. A long infrastructure of flood bunds (about 6807km) exists parallel to the main river to agricultural crops, human settlements, livestock, industries, etc. from the hydro-disasters arising from the floods in the country. Punjab Province has been severely hit by heavy floods causing severe loss to human lives, infrastructure, crops, livestock, etc. A study was carried out to evaluate the “health” of flood bunds by investigating their geotechnical, geometrical, geochemical, and hydraulic properties to ascertain strength against breaching during floods. A length of about 731 km of river Chenab in Punjab Province of Pakistan was selected to investigate the vulnerability of flood embankments at 78 sites of 38 flood bunds which were found critical after the 2014 flood in Pakistan. Different field activities including density test, measurement of geometrical parameters, collection of undisturbed/disturbed soil samples, physical inspections, and collection of ground-water samples from bore holes were performed. Laboratory tests including soil texture, Atterberg’s limits, compaction, unconfined compressive strength, permeability, direct shear, etc. were performed in laboratories of Irrigation Research Institute, Lahore, Pakistan. An Index called river embankment breaching vulnerability index (REBVI) has been prescribed and calculated to evaluate the strength of the flood embankments against breaching. Cluster analysis has been carried out for different indicators keeping in view the value of REBVI. On the basis of REBVI and Cluster analysis, it was concluded that 11 out of 78 sites are showing high strength against the breaching action, while 35 sites indicated low potential against the breaching action. In other words, it has been found that the consistency of the embankment is very high for 11 sites and high for 35 flood bund sites. The consistency of the embankments is medium, low, and very low at the remaining 16, 12, and 4 flood bund sites due to moderate vulnerability, high probability of embankment breaching, and very high vulnerability respectively.
International Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences pp 26-30; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijavs.022.026038

Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to find out Reflective Critical Thinking of Teaching in Class Discussion Learning in the new normal period in the midst of the Pandemic Corona Virus Disease 19 at the Science, Business, Sharia Faculty for the 2021-2022 academic year. Applying critical thinking skills is a challenge for lecturers to find effective teaching alternatives. Qualitative methods and quantitative descriptions were used because the results of the observation and interview processes in the form of percentage values, field notes, and interviews were analyzed. Observational data reveal positive behaviors, ideas, and feelings. Focus on experiences, feelings, and re-evaluation of experiences/ events/ phenomena. Making conclusions or reflective critical thinking commitments that have been carried out by students in class discussions. Perform verbal reasoning, arguments, and decision making. Open questionnaire and interview data revealed the application of Reflective Critical Thinking in class discussions. The results of the research indicated that the discussion class on teaching still lacks the application of reflective critical thinking practices. The impact of the pandemic has resulted in rigidity in learning. This research provides suggestions that Reflective Critical Thinking could be used as a teaching solution in the new normal period.
American Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences pp 47-54; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajpab.022.047054

Abstract:
Mongla City in the southern part of Bangladesh is facing problems with the scarcity of suitable drinking water. The present study is to identify the suitability of the geochemical property of groundwater for drinking purposes. The water samples from 24 Tub-wells, Tab water, and other drinking water sources have been collected. The main purpose is to assess the groundwater arsenic and salinity hazard in Mongla City and its surrounding area. The pH value of drinking water in the study area ranges from 6.7 to 7.38 with an average value of 7.09, which is within the permissible limit for drinking uses. The TDS values range from 95.96-to 1365.60 mg/l. The EC and TDS values fall within the drinking water quality standard. According to WHO, the Arsenic contamination ranges between 0 ppb – 335 ppb which is within the permissible range of the Bangladesh Arsenic Standard (<50ppb). All the Cations and Anions are within the permissible limit of the drinking uses except the Na+ concentration is slightly higher with an average value being 203.36 mg/l. The people in the Rampal area get safe drinking water within 50m far away from their house and some are very near to their houses. Mongla city is located very near to the coaster hence few deep tubes are well found and high salinity intrusion is unsuitable for drinking purposes, Most of the time, they had to buy safe drinking water from NGOs or GO controlled companies. Very few people use Tap water and pond water for drinking purposes. The Groundwater of the study area is slight to moderate and suitable for drinking purposes in terms of salinity hazards and arsenic concentration is within the acceptable range. Hence, it can be concluded that groundwater o Mongla city and the surrounding area are good for health.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 85-93; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.085093

Abstract:
The juxtaposition of Rohingya refugees and the host community will be explored in this article, where two parties are not only in a hostile situation but also create an amicable situation through their social interactions. This relationship will be examined using the theoretical concepts of conflict and cultural assimilation. Though the two groups did not originate from the same place, they today have a common socio-cultural heritage. That is why, to function in society, the host community and Rohingya refugees are involved in new social interactions over time and in flourishing mixed kinds of kin networks like marriage and patron-client relations. It is noted that the host community is becoming hostile, but at the beginning of the influx, they were not unsympathetic. Both groups (Rohingya refugees and host community) also have social communication with working aid agencies. On the other hand, through capitalizing on the current situation, a new economic class has emerged in the host community. It is also significant to recognize the ongoing social pattern. So, to understand the relationship profoundly between the host community and Rohingya refugees, those kinds of social interactions should count in similar social research.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 91-99; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.091099

Abstract:
This study examined the impact of psychiatric nursing placement on student nurses' attitudes toward mental illness. A within group pre-post test quasi-experimental design was employed using 112 fourth year undergraduate nursing students of a Nigerian University undergoing psychiatric nursing posting at a psychiatric hospital, recruited through convenience sampling. The Attitude to Mental Illness Questionnaire (AMIQ) was administered at the beginning and end of the 8 weeks posting. Paired samples t-test analysis showed a significant reduction in the belief that mental illness could damage one’s career, t(111) = -5.44, p<.001; increased comfort about being in presence of a mentally ill colleague at work, t(111) = 6.55, p<.001; increased ease inviting someone with mental health problems to a dinner party, t(111) = 6.11, p<.001, and decreased belief about someone with mental health problems leaving spouse, t(111) = -2.50, p<.001. The results revealed a significant change in the belief that someone with mental health problems could get into trouble with the law, t(111) = -1.43, p<.001. On the influence of gender, the independent samples t-test results showed that there was no difference in the belief of both gender that mental illness could damage one’s career, t(112) = .43, p>.05; feeling comfortable with a mentally ill colleague, t(112) = 1.53, p>.05; feeling comfortable with someone having mental health problems in a dinner party, t(112) = 1.12, p>.05; belief in the likelihood of someone with mental health problems leaving spouse, t(112) = .86, p>.05, and the likelihood of getting into trouble with the law, t(112) = -.84, p>.05. The implication of these findings on nursing education was discussed.
British Journal of Arts and Humanities pp 79-88; https://doi.org/10.34104/bjah.022079088

Abstract:
Women are being treated more equally and have more opportunities to explore themselves than ever before in the 21st century. Nevertheless, the scenario is still asymmetric for women in comparison to men, as women are still lagged behind in several aspects. Working on women's empowerment can be considered one of the major responsibilities of mass media. However, the male voice seems to be still in a dominating position when it comes to the discussion of the usage of news sources. This research aims to find out the ratio of men's and women's voices as news sources in Bangladesh's mainstream newspapers. This paper is prepared on the observation of the content of 'The Daily Prothom Alo', 'The Daily Star' and 'The Dailly Samakal'- three of the mainstream newspaper of Bangladesh in five specific areas as follows: Politics, Business, Sports, Health and Fashion. This study was conducted in Content Analysis and In-Depth Interview Methods. Researchers analyzed half-yearly content from January 2021 to June 2021. The paper concludes that all the five beats are heavily male-dominated since females are mostly unavailable in the ‘Sports’ beat and given exposure in the ‘Fashion’ beat.
British Journal of Arts and Humanities pp 72-78; https://doi.org/10.34104/bjah.022072078

Abstract:
This paper uncovers the factors that influence comprehensibility – a construct predominantly the focus of Applied Linguistics research due to the dual role that speakers and listeners play in interpreting meaning. The essay discusses the factors highlighted by Smith & Nelson, (1985) outlined in their seminal paper. The critical evaluation of the research published in the domain extrapolates; comprehensibility between interlocutors – NS-NNS and NNS-NNS is not impeded by the accentedness of NNS’s, but predominantly by the lack of familiarity with it. NNS’s comprehensibility for both native listeners/raters and non-native listeners/raters improved with familiarity with the interlocutor or with the variety of World English (WE). Research also emphasized the factors: the interlocutor’s proficiency, L1 interference in L2 utterance, attitude towards WE’s, listeners/raters background, and effort to communicate greatly influenced comprehensibility. Awareness of the NNS’s accent made the listeners/raters overlook other errors of accent either segmental, supra segmental and even lexico-grammatical errors (Webb et al., 2016). In case of NS-NNS communication, it is an unrealistic expectation of the NNS to achieve native like accentedness to make them comprehensible. In high stakes tests like TOEFL and IELTS, the raters could improve L2 comprehensibility by gaining exposure to World English’s. Teachers are advised to include pronunciation in their syllabi. In particular, they could stress on teaching those segmental and supra segmental features which are characteristic of learner's L1 that influence erroneous L2 utterances.
Australian Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology pp 45-51; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajeit.022.045051

Abstract:
We can see considerable growth in the field of science and technology over the past few decades. This growth has also brought an enormous threat to the data used by users. Encryption and decryption of data play an important role in safeguarding the data. Many authors have contributed much outstanding research on unauthorized access to user data. In this journal, I have proposed an algorithm for data encryption using images. My main aim is to provide a new and highly customizable approach to protecting data using images and eliminating the use of plaintext. In my research, I will use images to encrypt and decrypt data rather than using plaintext.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 79-90; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.079090

Abstract:
Every year, millions of children under the age of five deaths for various reasons, and some of these deaths may be avoided if more people were aware of the situation and taken action. Despite the fact that Bangladesh's under-five child mortality rate has decreased significantly over the last decade, and it is still too high to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The major goal of the study was to figure out what risk (socio-economic and demographic) factors influence under-five child mortality in Bangladesh. Nationally representative cross-sectional secondary data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2019, Bangladesh had been used in this study. The outcome variable was the under-five child survival status (alive or dead). Kaplan–Meier log-rank test and Cox Proportional Hazard (PH) model with a 95% confidence interval (CI) were fitted to identify associated risk factors for under-five child mortality. This analysis was performed using STATA version 16. The study showed that among 5112 under-five children, 170 (3.3%) were dead. Cox proportional hazard model revealed that mother's education [secondary (HR: 0.57, 95% CI: (0.32, 1.01), p=0.045), higher (HR: 0.46, 95% CI: (0.23, 0.90), p=0.024)], higher birth order [HR: 1.43, 95% CI: (1.23, 1.80), p=0.008], size of child at birth [HR: 2.30, 95% CI: (1.23, 4.28), p=0.009], taking antenatal care [HR: 0.83, 95% CI: (0.56, 1.24), p= 0.099] had a significant effect on child mortality. Under-five child mortality rate was varied among divisions and highest mortality rate was found in Sylhet [HR: 1.98, 95% CI: (0.91, 4.17), p=0.088]. This study identified potential risk factors for under-five child mortality, which will help policymakers take appropriate steps to reduce child mortality in Bangladesh, such as community-based educational programs for mothers and public health interventions centered on birth.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 76-84; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.076084

Abstract:
22nd November 2016, a historic date on the horizon of the transportation system of Bangladesh. ‘Uber’ Bangladesh has launched its operation in Dhaka, the capital city. Uber is a growing - application-based ride-sharing service and popular transportation media, known worldwide as of late. Dhaka, Chattogram, and Sylhet, people living in these three big cities have been availing of this innovative ride-sharing service. This study attempts to interpret the context of consumer behavior of this service i.e., why people do prefer Uber services over other existing public transport and post evaluation of that service offered by Uber. A short-range questionnaire survey has been undertaken. Secondary sources of data were also collected for literature. For this study, 100 respondents were surveyed following the purposive sampling method in different areas of Dhaka city. The equal Male-Female ratio of data size has been maintained. Data were analyzed using the SPSS-16 version maintaining the standard of research ethics and validity. The perception of users has been found positive towards this ride-sharing service. 77% of respondents said they are happy availing service from Uber and 23% of them are unhappy with the Uber service. Data concludes that the sense of being unhappy derived from some service problems like high costing for short distances, accidents, and lack of commitment of Uber drivers. To attain the goal of ‘Sustainable Cities and Communities’ of SDG-11 further includes the target of ‘providing access to the affordable and sustainable transport system for all by 2030’, this sort of innovation in the transportation sector is sure of blessing for this ‘Mega City’ like Dhaka as well as for Bangladesh. It will help step forward on the ladder of Development for the country.
American Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences pp 41-46; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajpab.022.041046

Abstract:
Bangladesh is frequently cited as a country that is extremely vulnerable to climate change. Socioeconomic sectors like agriculture and fishing are more climate-sensitive in the country. These climate change impacts are extremely detrimental to the economy, the environment, and the social development of the people in the study area. To complete the objectives, both qualitative and quantitative data have been collected through questionnaire surveys, photography, and observation methods, and those data have been involved with primary and secondary data collected from the community, government, and NGO officials. To conduct the survey for the research, the total sample size was 100. From the study, different climate vulnerabilities like 38% cyclone, 46% river-bank erosion, 41% flood, 36% seasonal change are severely noticed and 43% moderate condition of drought affects the socio-economic conditions. 84% of people faced problems in crop production and 75% changed their lifestyle due to irregular events. Consequently, most poor families experienced food insecurity, health problems, water shortage, and hygiene problems. Damaged infrastructure also hampered earnings and production. People try to control the situations and approve a diversity of options and technologies to adapt to the climate change impacts in the area. The government and different NGOs actively perform adaptation practices for building disaster resiliency. Union Disaster Management Committee serves resilience activities such as disseminating early warnings among the community during cyclones. NGOs help to build cooperative agricultural farms and inspire local people to engage in aforestation, balancing the local climate. Using developed seeds of vegetables and food crops, changing cropping patterns, using organic fertilizer to improve soil fertility instead of chemical fertilizers, and irrigating vegetables and some crops for increasing productivity. The community people in the study area recommended increasing climate-resilient activities through community participation and enhancement of their capacity.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 70-78; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.070078

Abstract:
Ionizing radiation offers great benefit to people in the hospital through diagnostic and therapeutic procedures to patients but undue radiation may create short- and long-term problems for medical staff & public. The goal of the study is to monitor the real-time radiation inside & outside of the three large hospital campuses in Dhaka city of Bangladesh namely the National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital (NICRH), National Heart Foundation Hospital & Research Institute (NHFH), Kidney Foundation Hospital & Research Institute (KFH) and estimation of radiological risk on medical staff& public. The average real-time radiation dose rate & calculated average twelve-monthly effective doses to medical staff and public arising from the NICRH, NHFH, KFH were found to be1.781 ± 0.310 μSv/h, 1.685 ± 0.307μSv/h, 1.735 ± 0.341μSv/hand 3.111 ± 0.556mSv, 2.952 ± 0.437 mSv, 3.039 ± 0.329 mSv respectively. The excess life-time cancer risk (ELCR) on medical staff & public was estimated based on the twelve-monthly effective dose and varied from 8.972 Χ 10-3 to 18.938 Χ 10-3with average of 12.071 Χ 10-3. The average twelve-monthly effective dose and ELCR on medical staff were lower than those of the permissible limit. Real-time radiation monitoring inside & outside of the large hospital campuses is essential for detecting a malfunction of the radiation generating equipment and incorrect handling of the radioactive substances. The study would assist in minimizing radiological risk to medical staff & public and thereby would ensure the environment in the hospital is free from radioactive contamination.
British Journal of Arts and Humanities pp 63-71; https://doi.org/10.34104/bjah.022063071

Abstract:
In recent scenarios, information is badly necessary for daily life. Information is essential in every part of the daily job. Information can be obtained or retrieved from a variety of places. This article focuses on the information needs of farmer groups in rural areas. This research paper fulfills the basic required information of rural farmers. This study was conducted using the questionnaire approach, and it revealed that practically all farmers are aware of agricultural facts, as this paper demonstrates. This paper also demonstrates that a greater number of sources use to inform the farmers mainly human assistance. But there have some limitations to reaching information, general to all search groups, were lacking authenticity and timeliness. The findings show that tailoring agricultural information delivery to farmers' diverse information search patterns is an important consideration for extension programs.
International Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences pp 13-25; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijavs.022.013025

Abstract:
Milk and milk products are an important source of food that provides nutritional energy, protein, minerals, and vitamins of high quality. Feed supplementation could be an excellent way to improve nutrient digestibility and absorption in dairy cattle, resulting in higher milk output and productivity by addressing the cow's nutritional needs through a feeding schedule. Whatever improvements in the genetic makeup of local dairy cows, they only account for about 30% of productivity; the remaining 70% depend on nutrition, appropriate supplementary diet, and other factors management. Supplementing diverse kinds of feedstuffs and giving a well-adjusted diet has a major effect on milk yield and productivity, but not on milk quality. However, milk production efficiency affects milk quality because of the efficiency of nutrient absorption as described by the ingestion of dry matter. The ability to maximize milk productivity can be determined by the ingredients formulated in the feed supplement. However, local milking cows are minimal milk outcomes since the shortage of nutritional quality and unavailability of feed, if smallholders use appropriate supplementation of different feeds and improve the nutritive values of feeds for dairy cows, the production, productivity, and quality of milk from dairy cattle should increase as well.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 68-75; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.068075

Abstract:
Startups have served as one of the Thai government’s mechanisms for promoting economic stability and growth. The health tech startup is a global trend toward new innovative industries. In Thailand, there are many health tech startups born each year. However, the healthcare business characteristic and business model differing from other businesses urge the need to understand the relevant factors of success. This knowledge can help you lower your chances of failing and enhance your chances of succeeding. The success elements that influence success, as well as the ones that are most crucial for health tech firms, were investigated in this study. This research used quantitative methodologies to create a systemic approach. The researchers used data from 240 samples to assess basic statistics and confirmatory second-order factor analysis based on the idea of latent variables in Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). It was found that health tech startups in Thailand can be successful because of 6 elements, which are government policy, startup support, human capital, market, finance, and culture. Culture is the most influential factor, followed by startup support, human capital, market, government policy, and finance. It's worth noting that tax relief and low-interest financing aren't high on the priority list. Internal elements such as entrepreneurial inspiration or knowledge, experience, and product prominence, on the other hand, take precedence.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 58-67; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.058067

Abstract:
The detriment of rape even with the upsurge is received by the general mass with shock and the trauma enveloping the inflicted is incomprehensible. In a developing country like Bangladesh, the chastity of a woman is her ultimate pride and possession and when such is violated, considering the social predicament, the victim is usually humiliated in lieu of availing the much-required moral support to disposal. Falsely implicating an innocent is also evident in the trend. In the recent amendment, incarceration for life was substituted by the death penalty. Such incorporation endeavors toward the deterrent aspect of the penalty warning future perpetrators to avert from committing such mischief. This article aspires to illuminate the unexpanded idea of consent, extract the constitutional and legal justification of the recent amendment, the ends of statutory justice provided to the protected and sabotage of the very protective law, i.e., misapplication of it falsely incriminating an innocent.
British Journal of Arts and Humanities pp 52-62; https://doi.org/10.34104/bjah.022052062

Abstract:
The friction between the participants of a lease isn’t a newfangled aspect, such has been in existence over long periods of time. However, recent developing events allude to the exponential enumeration of such kerfuffle. Enactments addressing such issues and providing easement have been in performance since the independence of the Indian subcontinent, which underwent multiple repeal and reenactments pertaining to adapting it to the need of the respective time. Principle of Equity suggests vigilant bus non-dormant bus Jura subventions i.e., to be legally aware and to act promptly furthermore, Bangladesh is a developing nation where multiple sources imply the literacy level to be up to seventy percent (70%), however, legal knowledge is not as widely prevalent as it should be. Not much research has been done on the current topic hence; this study aspires to enlighten the legal rights and limitations of a landlord and a tenant. Through the route of this study, it has been recurringly proven that the concept of rental payment mainly dictates the course of law. A tenant continues to be one so long the rent is cleared and is willing to abide by the regulations of tenancy without fashioning a lump and the landlord without reasonable grounds and bonafide requirements cannot evict a tenant.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 51-57; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.051057

Abstract:
This paper attempts to focus on Kamala Das’s vision of her secure and happy childhood and her frustrating adulthood exploring her poems critically. Her innocent past is juxtaposed with her sexually experienced present life in many of her poems. Her nostalgia is enrooted in her exhaustion from the current situation of life. Her loneliness and dissatisfaction compel her to fall back on her childhood memories which provide her with momentary relief but at the same time make her present predicament more pathetic. It seems that her nostalgia for childhood is the outcome of her realization of the lovelessness of this cruel world of adulthood. In a very confessional tone, Mrs. Das describes the autobiographical elements of her personal life in her poems. Her ancestral house, Nalapat House, and her grandmother are one of the central themes of her poems. She compares the selfless unconditional true love of her grandmother to the sexual selfish lust of her life partner in her poems. The vivid picture of her childhood incidents in her nostalgic poem is actually a retreat for her which helps her to get some relief from her present tortured self.
International Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijavs.022.01012

Abstract:
During two successive rabi seasons 2019-20 and 2020-21, a field experiment was undertaken at the Regional Station of Bangladesh Wheat and Maize Research Institute (BWMRI), Gazipur to establish the optimum amount of herbicide application (Gramoxone) before sowing wheat under late-planted conditions. Four optimum doses of application were applied as pre-emergence. Herbicide (Gramoxone) spraying at 6 liter/ha for 5 days before sowing provided the best weed control. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 3 replications. The major weeds in the experimental plot such as Biskatali (Polygonium hydropiper), Chapra (Elusine indica), Bathua (Chenopodium album), Banpalong (Sanchus arvensis) and Banmasure (Vicia sativa) were found. Weed count was 92 m2 and 89 m2 in 2019-20 and 2020-20 respectively, when herbicide (Gramoxone) was sprayed @ 12 liter/ha at 5 days before sowing (DBS). Highest weed monitoring efficiency (78%) in T2=herbicide (Gramoxone) treatment @ 6 liter/ha at 5 DBS. Grain yield and wheat biological yield were statistically diverse, while the other metrics were insignificant. When herbicide (Gramoxone) was treated at 6 liter/ha at 5 DBS, a numerically greater average grain yield (2.57 t/ha) was obtained. The control plot produced a numerically lower average grain yield (1.56 t/ha). When herbicide (Gramoxone) was administered at 6 liter/ha at 5 DBS, the maximum benefit-cost ratio (BCR) was 1.30 which is the best method for weed management prior to wheat application.
American Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences pp 36-40; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajpab.022.036040

Abstract:
Bangladesh is a great market for the flower trade. It produces a lot of different types of flowers as well as imports from neighboring countries which cost 3 million BDT currencies every year. The Jashore district of plants viz. Gladiolus, Gerbera, Rose, Tuberose and Marigold. The infected part of the plant samples was collected from five separate flower gardens. The precisely prepared infected sample was cultured on Potato Dextrose Aga media at 28ºC in an incubator for 48 hours and sub-cultured several times of each sample of distinct features to get a fresh culture of fungal pathogens. The isolates were identified based on their morphological features of the colony and observation of mycelia structure. The infection by fungal pathogens is considered a great barrier to flower cultivation. Therefore, the present study was attempted to the isolation infecting fungal pathogen from five different flowering crystal violet dyes to analyze the spore structure, the shape of the tips, conidial structure, and we identified three different types of fungus from five flowering plants Aspergillus niger identified from gerbera and rose, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (pinkish) from tuberose, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (whitish) from gladiolus and Alternaria alternate from marigold. This study has provided the primary alarm of fungal infection by following a less expensive technique. This study will be helpful to identify and management of phyto-pathogen for floriculture.
Australian Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology pp 32-44; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajeit.022.032044

Abstract:
The Earth Observation (EO) data of various Spatio-temporal resolutions are used to study potential sources of landslide hazards in the North Eastern Region (NER) of India. The studies are made in all the eight states of NER, namely Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura on different project modes during the past decade. All types of landslides of various magnitudes and dimensions are triggered by rainfall, earthquakes, or by combined effects in this tectonically active region. Anthropogenic factors also play a role in places, particularly in urban areas. The NER is one of the most seismically active regions in the world, and it falls in the highest seismic risk zone, (Zone V), in the seismic zoning map of India. The region also receives much rainfall because of its geographic and climatic conditions. We report how the physiography, as well as the local geology, plays the main role in the failure of the rock formation and over-burden causing the landslide hazards, which create severe communication disruption and sometimes casualties. Fragile, soft, and weathered rock formations along the steep slope make the terrain much more susceptible to landslides. Deep-seated landslides disrupt transportation networks for a longer duration while shallow slides, mostly affect the urban life for a short duration. The reported causalities associated with landslide hazards are much high in the NER compared to other parts of India.
American Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences pp 22-35; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajpab.022.022035

Abstract:
Isolation and enumeration of phyllospheric and endophytic fungal diversity were carried out from the medicinal plant, Adhatoda vasica Nees. Occurrence of phyllosphere fungi shows a total number of 3 fungal species (Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., and Cladosporium cladosporioides). A total number of 4 (Alternaria alternata, Curvularia lunata, Mycelia sterilia1 and Aspergillus niger) and 3 (Alternaria alternata, Mycelia sterilia 2 and Penicillium sp.) fungi were isolated from leaf and stem respectively. Alternaria alternata shows to be the highest colonizer in leaf which was followed by Curvularia lunata. Mycelia sterilia 2 represented highest colonization frequency in stem. Production of total phenol, and antagonistic activity were carried out with the dominant endophytic isolates from leaf and stem. Alternaria alternata shows the highest production of phenol and highest extent of antioxidant activity. The dominant isolates failed to show any antagonistic activity against the gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The presence of some phytochemical compounds, available in Adhatoda vasica, was also tested qualitatively in the vegetative body of the dominant endophytic isolates.
British Journal of Arts and Humanities pp 45-51; https://doi.org/10.34104/bjah.022045051

Abstract:
His name brings to the mind images of rural life blended together with a sense of patriotism. Robert Burns is the sixth poet of Romantics. He is a Scottish poet born in Ayrshire in 1759. His father, William Burness was a farmer. He worked with his eldest son Robert Burns on the farm which he owned in Ayrshire. Robert Burns spent most of their time working on the farm. His work makes him in contact directly with rural life. The archetypes presented by the poet at this early stage of his life are only real pictures depicting the nature of life in Scotland. His sources were his direct contact with the community and the life that surrounds this community. He wrote many folks depicting the joys and sorrows of this community. What appears most prominent in his personality is his ability to socialize. He loved the community and the members of this community and was grateful to his companions and sanctified for group relations, which made him popular among his friends and welcomed wherever he was. What we do not know about the poet, or perhaps know little about him, is that his social nature and his ability to socialize nurtured a sense of Masonic thought that was in force at the end of the eighteenth century in Scotland. The poet merged with the brothers in their meetings and proved the credibility and sincerity of this Masonic community, which made him hold many positions there. Freemasonry supported the poet and helped him in publishing and printing his poetic works, which made him dedicate his poems to Freemasonry until his death in 1796. This paper will shed light on this hidden side of Robert burns’ life giving more attention to his masonic poetry.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 64-69; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.064069

Abstract:
Ustilaginales is also known as smut fungi are a vast and diverse group of fungi that cause disease in crops causing huge losses worldwide. They belong to the class Ustilaginomycetes. Several members of this group serve as valuable models for unraveling the fundamental mechanisms controlling important biological processes. Several plant pathogenic species of ustilaginales are known to cause human infections. A brief description is given of the genera that contain species pathogenic to humans. The life cycle of Mycosarcoma (Ustilago) maydis is briefly described. The phenomenon of dimorphism in Mycosarcoma maydis is discussed in comparison to a plant pathogenic fungus, Taphrina deformans. Mycosarcoma maydis was the first plant pathogenic fungus known to cause human infection in a 31-years old corn farmer. There are over twenty species of ustilaginales implicated in human infections. This paper reviews the infections caused by Mycosarcoma (Ustilago) maydis, Psudozyma species, viz. Psuedozyma aphidis, P. antartica, P. parantarctica, and P. thialandica, and Dirkmeia churashimaensis.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 39-50; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.039050

Abstract:
Adversarial System of Courts within the legal realm of the Common Law such as in Bangladesh designates lawyers to high social prominence as professionals of law are the primary interpreters of various laws of the land. Lawyers being social engineers principally act as the consciousness and voice of the citizens of the state. These two characteristics are naturally inherited as energizers by lawyers in the early stages of student-hood. However, how long does that very enthusiasm last, and are there any catalysts to further it? Is the question to reckon with? The profession of law like any other occupation circumnavigates a set of etiquettes that dictates the natural course of the profession. The prime rationale of this paper is to contemplate the etiquettes of the profession, the uncompromisable duties of a practitioner, the grounds that coherently result in either suspension or revocation of practitioners’ licenses along with justifying to its readers the social necessity for ethical lawyers.
Australian Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology pp 27-31; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajeit.022.027031

Abstract:
In the Bangla language, there are 50 complex-shaped characters and working with this huge amount of characters with an appropriate set of features is a tough problem to recognize handwritten characters. Moreover, ambiguity and precision errors are common in handwritten words. Furthermore, among a large number of complex-shaped letters, some are quite similar in shape, making handwritten Bangla characters difficult to recognize. In this work, we proposed a convolutional neural network-based approach for recognizing the handwritten Bangla alphabet. In character recognition, the convolutional neural network (CNN) outperforms most of the other models. However, to guarantee a satisfactory performance, CNNs usually need a great number of samples. Bangla handwriting recognition has been a hot topic for several years, but due to the similarity of many Bangla characters, it's difficult to achieve good results. By training and testing on Bangla character datasets, the model gets a 90.22% validation accuracy for Bangalekha isolated dataset and 93.22% validation accuracy for the Ekush dataset.
International Journal of Material and Mathematical Sciences pp 35-44; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijmms.022.035044

Abstract:
In the 21th-century, large exhibitions halls covered by domes were constructed. Development of domes promoted by using metal structures, which has opened a new era for civil engineers in connection with the decision of maintenance problems of high strength and weight reduction of structures. Grid domes are a preferred structural form of roofs coverage. The paper aims to study the structural performance of double-layered grid domes using SAP2000 (v.14) and ETABS18. Four different types of double-layered grid domes considered in this work were the Schwedler dome (Type 1), three-way grid dome (Type 2), grid dome with different layers (Type 3), and grid dome with hexagonal patterns (Type 4). The configurations of grid domes were generated by Formian program software. The static linear analysis and design of mentioned grid domes were done and different load cases and their combinations were applied according to ASCE 7-10. It was observed that a double-layered grid dome with different layers (Type 3) was the most efficient in structural performance because the density of members per joint gave a very good distribution of axial forces distribution of the whole dome and then minimized the axial force in members and vertical deflections. The present study indicates that further detailed studies of the subject may lead to a more precise understanding of the performance of grid domes subjected to different load cases and this may bring about increased structural safety and serviceability and the economy in cost constructions.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 32-38; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.032038

Abstract:
Employees’ job performance is explicitly influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is defined as behavior motivated by internal rewards while extrinsic motivation is defined as a desire to engage in an activity in order to achieve an external goal, such as receiving praise and acceptance. The principal objective of this study is to explore how intrinsic and extrinsic motivation influence the job performance of newly appointed employees. In so doing, the study undergoes an extensive review of the literature. The study finds that intrinsic incentives have a significant impact on higher job performance. It further claims, that intrinsically motivated employees provide superior organizational output compared to their extrinsically motivated counterparts.
Al Hasibuzzaman
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 51-54; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.051054

Abstract:
The goal of this case study is to find out more about irreversible coma. Further findings on coma will hopefully lead to a better treatment protocol. This study discovered that the body changes during cardiopulmonary arrest. Internal body pathology observation in detail and patient CT/MRI changes by the time the cardiopulmonary arrest happened.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 55-63; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.055063

Abstract:
Colorectal cancer incidence has increased significantly in Saudi Arabia in the last few years. Although protocols and guidelines for colorectal screening programs had been established to start at age 45, adherence to screening remains low. This review aims to identify the potential barriers to participating in the screening program among the public aged over forty-five in Saudi Arabia. A significant lack of awareness about colorectal cancer and screening programs had found among Saudi Arabia's public (SA). The acceptance rate significantly increased due to health care provider recommendations. Knowledge about colorectal cancer and screening program and outcome should be raised among the public through campaigns and physicians by training established for primary health care providers regarding screening programs recommendations.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 41-50; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.041050

Abstract:
In this Explanation, we discuss influence of face masks on older people in Dhaka city. In this research were 222 respondents and ages of the participants are 60 plus age. This study established among 100% respondents were 16.7% Businessman, 20. 7% job holder, 22.1% retired person, 24.3% house wife and other occupation were 16.2%. For finding other problems of respondents were 9% has respiratory disease, 36% were hypertension, 5% were low blood pressure, and 16.2% had diabetics. In this research, we discover that physiologic effects with possible to control disease (e.g. Covid-19, air pollution, droplet infection disease, etc.) during wearing masks for prolonged periods of time, including special considerations, such as mask wearing among those who engage in job, another service, activity of daily living, exercise and concerns for individuals with pre-existing chronic diseases (e.g. Breathing difficulties, Irritability, Dizziness). This research here 28% face some problems, including 8.6% breathing difficulties, 4.0% irritability, 5.9% dizziness, 4.5% nausea or vomiting, and 5% other problems during wearing face masks. In hygienic people, a mask didn't seem to reason any detrimental physiological changes, and the probably life-protecting advantages of using face masks appear to outweigh the presented problems.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 37-46; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.022.037046

Abstract:
Previously we have seen computers as only the aiding tools for different human activities. Modern technological development created computers with Artificial Intelligence (AI) capable to perform works autonomously or with the least intervention of human beings. These Ai-generated works resemble human thought-created. The use of AI-capable computers is increasing in different fields of health, commerce, industries, arts, literature, music composition, scientific operations, etc. Consequent to this technological development, the claims for Intellectual Property rights ((IP) like copyrights and patents are being raised by several persons or institutions for the AI-generated works as they are produced with their investment and plan. Such claims raised the legal battle which is now at the peak in the 2020s between the modern necessity and the traditional legal base that conceived only the creative works of human intellect (or mind) are eligible for IP legal protection, and not the work machine-generated. This article attempted to analyze some important legal issues centering the IP to AI-generated works, indeterminacy, industrial and commercial necessity, and finding the legal way out to the emerging issues for granting IP to AI-generated works.
British Journal of Arts and Humanities pp 40-44; https://doi.org/10.34104/bjah.022040044

Abstract:
The union parishad works closely with the marginalized people in the local area. At an interval of five years, a chairperson is elected as the head of the council, a member is elected from each of the nine wards, and from each of the three wards three women members are selected respectively. The three special positions of the selected women members act as the empowerment of the women. This research aims to identify the obstacles of women representatives while functioning their work in union parishad. This research article also suggests identifying the factors which hinder the performance of women representatives. This paper also provides recommendations of how these obstacles will be removed by taking proper initiatives.
International Journal of Management and Accounting pp 21-32; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijma.022.00210032

Abstract:
The main aim of this study is the empirical exploration for the proper volatility models of some selected pharmaceutical companies listed in the DSE, Bangladesh e.g. Square, Beximco, Beacon, IBN SINA, and Orion Pharmaceuticals Ltd. The data covers the 667 days daily log returns calculated based on closing prices of these five selected companies from 28th January 2019 to 30th December 2021. The beginning portion of the analysis contains the stylized facts of the sampled companies. Afterward, by employing both symmetric along with asymmetric GARCH models different best-fitted models for different pharmaceuticals companies were found. Based on our model selection criteria AIC, SBIC, Log-Likelihood, as well as residual diagnostics GARCH(1,1) is considered to be more appropriate models for both Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd., and Beacon Pharmaceuticals Ltd. The EGARCH (1,1) is deemed to be best for both IBN SINA and Orion Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Whereas, anyone of the GARCH(1,1), and TGARCH(1,) can be applied for the volatility estimation of Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
British Journal of Arts and Humanities pp 32-39; https://doi.org/10.34104/bjah.022032039

Abstract:
Working children are those groups of children under age 18 who engage in any form of work by which they are deprived of their childhood. Seeking behavior means the medical attention given to seeking or injured person or animal for their better health condition. The goal of the revision is to explore the livelihood pattern and health pursuing behavior of the working children in Khulna city. The study is explanatory and descriptive in nature and the survey method is conducted with an interview schedule. The study is carried out on 166 respondents through simple random sampling. The findings indicate that working children come from poor families. They have to work to support their family at an early age. This study reveals that around 42 percent of the participants belong to the age group of 13-15 years old. Their educational qualification is also very low, around 54 percent of the participants enrolled in class 1 to 5 but a great amount of participants has no formal education. The respondents live in the urban area but their corporeal state is not good. The working children do not get enough food for their survival. They are not aware of their own rights due to illiteracy. Also, the majority of the participants do not get the proper facilities from working place, and around 68 percent are tortured in graft places. They are discriminated against by their employee. Even the maximum of them (64.5%) do not use safety protection during their work time consequently sometimes they are injured physically. Besides these, they suffer from various diseases but they do not get suitable cures due to poverty in addition to illiteracy. Working children face different sorts of abuse in their working place (65.7%). Though they get help from the government there is very little for their betterment. So government and NGOs can play a very vital role to remove this discrimination besides social awareness is very far necessary to combat this problem.
International Journal of Material and Mathematical Sciences pp 15-34; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijmms.022.015034

Abstract:
Linear programming (LP) is an important part of applied mathematics. This method has found its applications to important areas of product mix, blending, and diet problems. Steel, chemical, food processing industries and Oil refineries industry are also using LP with considerable success. But in practical LP can be very large. In this paper, our intent is to formulate an LP model of some large-scale real-life-oriented problems and to apply computer techniques for solving these problems. Starting with the graphical procedure which provides an ample amount of understanding into some fundamental concepts, the simple procedure of solving LP problems is developed. Finally, a special class of LP problem, namely Transportation is taken up and solved. We also solved the simplex system by using FORTRAN programming.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 24-36; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.022.024036

Abstract:
Robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), and the Internet of Things are new technologies that are changing the world and mainly logistics companies in increasing competitiveness and effective operation. However, these technologies bring about significant changes in many industries, including the logistics industry. A skilled workforce is vital to the industry's competitiveness. Therefore, insufficient skills are often considered a solid barrier to Industry 4.0 implementation. This paper assesses the requirements of logistics 4.0 Skills from an Omani industrial perspective by providing empirical evidence of Industry 4.0 skills requirement in the logistics industry in Oman. An experimental methodology based on a survey has been implemented to gather valid thorough evidence. The survey was distributed to approvability sample (random sample) of logistics companies in Oman. The findings recommend that critical stakeholders align education output with industry needs and outline policy directions to prepare the domestic workforce for the future in the logistics industry.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 24-40; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.024040

Abstract:
Diabetes is a condition in which a person’s body either does not respond to insulin supplied by their pancreas or does not create enough insulin. Diabetics are at a higher chance and risk of acquiring a variety of eye disorders over time. Early identification of eye diseases via an automated method has significant advantages over manual detection thanks to developments in machine learning techniques. Recently, some high research articles on the identification of eye diseases have been published. This paper will present a comprehensive survey of automated eye diseases detection systems which are Strabismus, Glaucoma, and Diabetic Retinopathy from a variety of perspectives, including (1) datasets that are available, (2) techniques of image preprocessing, and (3) deep learning models. The study offers a thorough overview of eye disease detection methods, including cutting-edge field methods, intending to provide vital insight into the research communities, all eye-related healthcare occupational, and diabetic patients.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 24-31; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.024031

Abstract:
The prime purpose of this article is to study religion from different paradigms or perspectives from a sociological viewpoint. Religion is defined as a social institution while economic reality, ideological support, and everyday interactions of people are also undertaken as core concepts. In fact, this article is an overview of the religion of three theoretical perspectives of sociology focusing on the work of Emile Durkheim, Robert K. Merton (the functionalist), Karl Marx, Max Weber, Friedrich Engels (the conflict), and Peter Berger (the interactionist). A brief discussion of each perspective is articulated clearly, followed by secondary sources including published books, book sections, blogs, research articles, and WebPages highlighting the foundations of the relevant theory. Afterward, the author reviews the discourses of the theorists regarding religion with its application to human society. Finally, the article provides a summary of these perspectives continuing to develop the field.
International Journal of Management and Accounting pp 12-20; https://doi.org/10.34104/ijma.022.00120020

Abstract:
The increase in the transaction volume of cryptocurrencies, the widespread use of blockchain technology, and the increase in the number of augmented reality devices (virtual, augmented, and mixed reality) have led to the formation of a suitable environment for Metaverse. Metaverse is a virtual or augmented reality created beyond the physical world via an internet connection with augmented reality devices, game consoles, computers, tablets, or mobile phones. This universe may be beyond the real world, or it is created by the virtualization of real-world objects to a certain extent. While Metaverse has the opportunity to be applied comfortably in all areas of daily life, it can also be designed as an urban policy design tool. In the study, the conceptual framework of the metaverse will be presented, the metaverse investments of global companies will be determined, the concept of metaverse will be examined in the context of virtual reality relationship, the reflections of metaverse applications on the city will be examined, and finally, the effects and role of the metaverse in urban policy production will be discussed and conclusions and evaluations will be given.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 18-23; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.018023

Abstract:
Incision and suturing abdominal wall is a common surgical practice and different methods of repairing and applying have aroused great interest among surgeons. This study aims to compare mass closure and layered closure in midline laparotomy incisions. This prospective comparative study was conducted in the surgical ward of Nangarhar University Hospital on 40 patients from June 2020 to June 2021. A and B were assigned to all of the patients randomly. Twenty patients received bulk closure and other twenty underwent multilayer closure. The time of surgery, wound infection, abdominal rupture, and other consequences were all compared across all patients. Patients were followed on Day 2, day 4, day 8, day 12, monthly for 3 months and after 6 months. The rate of wound infection in layered (group B) is higher as compared to mass closure (group A). In general, the wound infection rate in the multilayer closure group was 2 cases (10%) and 1 case (5%) in the mass closure group. In layered closure, event ratio was 10%, while in mass closure it was 5%. In multilayer closure, a buttonhole hernia was detected in one case (5%) and none in mass closure. In layered closure, sinus development was seen in two cases (10%), but not in mass closure. The method of closure by mass to close the midline laparotomy incisions is simple, easy to perform, and safer than Layered closure.
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