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Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, Volume 5, pp 1-29; https://doi.org/10.1075/jlac.5.1.01cul

Abstract:
Despite its centrality to religiously aggravated hate crime recorded in England and Wales, the nature of the language used has been neglected in research. This paper, based on a unique dataset, aims to rectify this. It takes its approach from the field of linguistic impoliteness, a field that has yet to consider hate crime. Therein lies our second aim: To consider whether impoliteness notions can be usefully extended to the language of hate crime. In our data, we examine, in particular, conventionalized impoliteness formulae, insults, threats, incitement and taboo words. Whilst we reveal some linguistic support for the way religiously aggravated hate crime is framed in the law and discussed in the legal literature, we highlight areas of neglect and potential ambiguity. Regarding impoliteness, we demonstrate its effectiveness as an approach to these data, but we also highlight areas of neglect in that literature too, notably, non-conditional threats and incitement..
, J. Jerman
American Journal of Public Health, Volume 112, pp 1284-1296; https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2017.304042

Abstract:
American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) from the American Public Health Association (APHA) Population Group Abortion Rates and Lifetime Incidence of Abortion: United States, 2008–2014, an article from American Journal of Public Health, Vol 107 Issue 12
Mireya Ospina Botero, Eliana Montoya Pavas
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 31-43; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10202

Abstract:
El artículo muestra los resultados de la investigación sobre las prácticas educativas implementadas en 4 instituciones educativas para promover el desarrollo Familiar; en él se muestran los propósitos o fines que han orientado dicho proceso educativo, alrededor de tres categorías emergentes en sus resultados: Condiciones y Calidad de Vida, Proyecto de Vida Familiar y Mejoramiento de Relaciones Familiares. En cada una de ellas se pone en evidencia la manera como los propósitos de las prácticas educativas, han respondido a intereses alrededor de asuntos como: capacitación para el trabajo, desarrollo humano y familiar, formación para la crianza e integración familiar.
Mónica Tatiana Sánchez Ruíz, María Alejandra Morales Rojas
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 61-81; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10213

Abstract:
El presente documento plantea el proceso y ejecución de una investigación que pretende, diseñar una propuesta de intervención pedagógica orientada por estrategias artísticas y literarias que posibilite el fortalecimiento de los procesos creativos en niños de educación preescolar entre los 5 y 6 años. Como objetivos específicos primero se determinó el perfil creativo de los niños preescolares a través de la aplicación de una prueba diagnóstica, después se valoró la propuesta pedagógica y su impacto en el fortalecimiento de la creatividad en niños, analizando las propuestas de intervención aplicadas en la institución educativa, seleccionando las estrategias pertinentes con las que finalmente se construyó una cartilla digital para maestros y agentes educativos, orientadas al fortalecimiento de habilidades creativas en niños preescolares. Apoyados en el paradigma cualitativo y teniendo como diseño metodológico la investigación acción, siendo esta la más pertinente para desarrollar un ejercicio investigativo y sistemático al tratar de integrar simultáneamente conocimientos y estrategias para lograr la articulación de la teoría y la práctica. De esta manera se consolidó una propuesta integral e innovadora que no solo se limitó a tener en cuenta los procesos de expresión artísticos y literarios que favorecen la creatividad infantil, si no que fue más allá considerando la importancia de mantener un equilibrio en el desarrollo del niño a través de la dimensión cognitiva, comunicativa y el desarrollo emocional como características necesarias e indispensables para descubrir, participar y disfrutar actividades lúdicas que le permitieran, fortalecer y expresar espontáneamente su capital creativo. La propuesta destaca la importancia de trabajar con proyectos de aula que permitieron la motivación y el fortalecimiento de habilidades creativas de manera significativa, siendo esta metodología una alternativa viable para superar la tradición mecánica, instrumental y dirigida de orientar los talentos de los niños en la Educación Preescolar.
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 44-60; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10212

Abstract:
¿Qué importancia dan a la competencia comunicativa los estudiantes universitarios? ¿Qué grado de necesidad dan a su formación en alfabetización académica? ¿Qué función al respecto tiene para ellos la universidad? La presente investigación tienen como objetivo principal describir y relacionar la opinión que tienen los estudiantes universitarios sobre aspectos relacionados con la competencia comunicativa y la alfabetización académica. Para responder a estos interrogantes se ha realizado un estudio cuantitativo a partir de una encuesta. En ella han participado 546 estudiantes de seis países iberoamericanos (Argentina, Colombia, España, México, Perú y Venezuela) pertenecientes a 21 universidades iberoamericanas. Los resultados, analizados mediante el programa estadístico SPSS, dan cuenta de la importancia dada a esta competencia y a la demanda de formación que solicitan, lo que puede considerarse como un argumento más a favor de la puesta en práctica de iniciativas de alfabetización académica en las universidades de la región.
José Joaquín García García, Nubia Jeannette Parada Moreno
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 114-139; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10204

Abstract:
Este artículo presenta la necesidad de desarrollar en los estudiantes una razón sensible que mejore su formación como seres humanos. Para ello plantea la incorporación de las relaciones ciencia y arte en el proceso educativo. Como fundamento de la dicha propuesta se presenta una revisión bibliográfica sobre algunas de las relaciones existentes entre el teatro y las diversas áreas de la ciencia como la Física, la Química, la biología, y de otras como la medicina, la psicología o la historia. Además, se presentan aquí algunas relaciones establecidas entre el teatro y la ciencia ficción y entre el teatro y la divulgación de las ciencias y de sus resultados de investigación.
Alexander Luis Ortiz Ocaña, Mileidy Salcedo Barragán
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 99-113; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10180

Abstract:
En este artículo se esbozan nociones y conceptos significativos que nos permiten configurar una teoría del pensamiento configuracional a partir de su episteme. Se presentan algunos resultados parciales de la investigación, sobre todo aquellos relacionados con la teoría del pensamiento configuracional en la infancia, que se complementa, fertiliza y vigoriza con los aportes de otros enfoques teóricos, como la teoría holística (Barrera, 2004, 2008, 2010), nuevas teorías de sistemas (Maturana, 2001, 2002a, 2002b, 2003a, 2003b, 2009a, 2009b; Luhmann, 1996, 1997, 1998), teoría de complejidad (Morín, 1984, 1994a, 1994b, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2008, 2010a, 2010b) y teoría del caos (Prigogine, 2008, 2009, 2012). Se caracterizan los presupuestos ónticos y los postulados epistémicos del pensamiento configuracional
Margarita Osorio Villegas
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 140-151; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10205

Abstract:
En el presente artículo se exponen 5 perspectivas posibles, no excluyentes, para abordar el currículo, las cuales responden al interrogante qué es el currículo y cuál es su naturaleza. Este abordaje lleva a concluir que delimitarlo es restringir su complejidad y su riqueza como práctica social, específicamente en el campo de la práctica formal o escolarizada, pues expresa la relación Escuela-Sociedad, Teoría-Práctica y el rol de sus actores en la dinámica de las instituciones educativas.
Luz Angélica Sepúlveda Castillo, Ana Teberosky
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 152-178; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10221

Abstract:
El procedimiento de producción de listas ha dado lugar a reflexiones de diversas disciplinas desde la historia y la arqueología, hasta la psicología, la lingüística o la antropología. En el presente artículo recuperamos algunas de estas aportaciones y describimos el valor de las listas como procedimiento lingüístico de ordenación, precisión y análisis conceptual, específicamente relacionado con lo escrito y el aprendizaje del lenguaje. Presentamos ejemplos de listas escritas por niños de Educación Infantil y Primaria procedentes de un amplio corpus de escrituras infantiles. La actividad de escribir listas se configura como una forma de ayudar a los alumnos tanto en las primeras tareas de escritura, como en las posteriores tareas de análisis y de producción de textos. Los profesores que usan estos procedimientos impulsan no sólo el aprendizaje lexical propio de las listas, sino también las operaciones cognitivas de categorización y de aprendizaje de ordenamientos y clasificación que se realizan.
Gonzalo Camacho Vásquez, Leonor Portilla Arciniegas
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 82-98; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10201

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to develop the communicative competence in undergraduate A2 students of English as a Foreign Language, through the design and implementation of a WebQuest. The design is based on the principles of Communicative Language Teaching and Task-based Instruction. The conclusions show that the use of this tool not only develops the communicative competence, but also increases motivation in students, fosters critical thinking, promotes autonomous learning, and enables differentiated learning. There also exist some difficulties such the amount of time teachers need to devote to planning, the economical investment administrators need to make at acquiring equipment and internet connection, as well as at professional training in the use and design of this tool.
John Cano Barrios, Lucy García, Angélica Pernett
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 12-30; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.26.10198

Abstract:
El hacer pruebas de usabilidad es considerado un elemento importante en lo relacionado con el diseño de páginas Web. Cada página Web ofrece un servicio y se crea con objetivos específicos como ganar dinero, hacer negocios, atraer a los clientes al negocio. ¿Cómo saber si la página cumple estos objetivos? A raíz de esta pregunta nace el concepto de Usabilidad, lo cual significa asegurarse que algo funcione bien, es decir, que una persona con capacidad y experiencia media (o incluso por debajo de la media) pueda ser capaz de usar algo con el objetivo deseado sin sentirse completamente frustrado (Krug, 2006). La importancia del concepto usabilidad radica en que el usuario muchas veces se pierde en la página o no logra comprender lo que ella quiere mostrar, por lo cual al momento de navegar encuentra la página tediosa y poco amigable, especialmente en el caso de los niños. No debemos desconocer, que los problemas de Usabilidad afectan a los niños, porque ellos no son capaces de superar algunos problemas y muchas veces ni siquiera entienden los mensajes de error, simplemente cierran la ventana y se van a otro sitio. Este estudio se concentró en evaluar la usabilidad de una página dirigida a niños para lo cual se investigó las diferentes técnicas, metodologías y herramientas utilizadas para probar páginas infantiles.
Diana Suárez López, Clara Colón López, Jesús Cohen Jiménez, Emma Colpas
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 118-128; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.25.9798

Abstract:
La presente investigación se llevó a cabo con el fin de implementar el uso de redes sociales como estrategia de aprendizaje para analizar el efecto del dialogo socrático en el pensamiento crítico en un grupo de estudiantes de primer semestre en educación superior. La metodología utilizada fue de enfoque cuantitativo con un diseño experimental en un grupo control y un grupo experimental; el grupo control trabajó en forma tradicional y el grupo experimental lo hizo a través de una estrategia de aprendizaje como lo es el diálogo socrático, mediado por el foro y el chat en un grupo de Facebook. Esta estrategia es aplicable en cualquier área del conocimiento, en pos del rendimiento académico de los estudiantes. Se concluyó que las evidencias de mejoras se reflejaron durante el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje en la competencia de comprensión lectora en ambos grupos
Sonia Ruth Quintero Arrubla, Adriana María Gallego Henao, Libia Elena Ramírez Robledo, Bairon Jaramillo Valencia
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 22-33; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.25.9788

Abstract:
El presente artículo es resultado de la investigación Saber y Hacer de los profesionales en Educación Inicial en relación con los procesos de intervención, el caso de la Fundación FAN fase II; en este se proponen reflexiones frente a la formación integral del niño(a) y cuestiona el énfasis puesto en lo cognitivo. Aborda tres aspectos; el perfil del niño(a) en el preescolar, la manera como aprenden y los procesos de intervención pedagógica y educativa, en correspondencia con la preparación que la maestra de primera infancia debe recibir en educación superior. Se concluye que las Licenciadas egresan con carencias relacionadas con el dominio teórico y práctico, aspectos que debe propiciar FAN para que estas desarrollen un acompañamiento integral a la primera infancia.Palabras claves: ambiente, aprendizaje, dimensiones, Infancia, maestro, lenguajes expresivos.
José Eduardo Cifuentes Garzón, Sandra Patricia Rico Cáceres
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 87-102; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.25.9795

Abstract:
El presente artículo de investigación, reporta las representaciones sociales de los jóvenes rurales frente a los proyectos pedagógicos productivos y el emprendimiento en el contexto de la nueva ruralidad. Para caracterizar dichas representaciones, se optó por la metodología etnográfica, que permitió recuperar las voces de 36 estudiantes de educación media de una institución educativa del municipio de La Palma Cundinamarca. Los resultados indican como a los jóvenes rurales la guerra les transformó el campo y sus propias vidas. Además, evidencian la manera como conciben los proyectos pedagógicos productivos desde un enfoque de identidad, territorialidad, productividad y escolaridad y permiten reconocer el emprendimiento como la actitud de superación, la creación de un nuevo proyecto y la aspiración para buscar un mejor futuro. Con los hallazgos, se formularon recomendaciones para replantear el papel de los estudiantes en la planeación curricular y en las prácticas pedagógicas de la formación en agropecuarias.
José Fernando Bermudez Bedoya, Ligia Inés García Castro, Ramiro Rivera Gonzalez, Myriam Aristizábal Montes
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 1-21; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.25.9787

Abstract:
Con el presente artículo se informa sobre una investigación realizada en el SENA, cuya finalidad era la validación de un módulo para el desarrollo de competencias laborales en los aprendices de los programas de Tecnología en Mercadeo y Electricidad, de tal manera que ellos hicieran uso consciente de estrategias de aprendizaje acordes con las tareas académicas y solucionaran problemas propios de una ocupación mediante el método de proyectos. Como productos de la investigación se elaboró la competencia en Aprender a Aprender, se diseñó el módulo de formación, se orientó la formación de los aprendices y se desarrolló un plan de evaluación. Finalmente, se corroboró la hipótesis planteada pues algo más del 95% de quienes intervinieron en la investigación alcanzó un nivel de dominio superior en el desarrollo de la mencionada competencia.
María Alejandra Arias, Daniel Tolmos Saponara
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 49-69; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.25.9792

Abstract:
La investigación giró en torno de la implementación de un proyecto didáctico, desde el enfoque de las secuencias didácticas, que diera cuenta del concepto de actividad metaverbal como organizador del dircurso con miras a cualificar la expresión oral en los niños. El proyecto consistió en el análisis y sistematización del proyectyo, en torno a una situación auténtica de argumentación. Se compararon las condiciones iniciales y finales del grupo desde cuatro categorías: el léxico, la actividad metaverbal, el rol de la profesora y las reglas de comunicación en el aula.
Emilce Moreno Mosquera
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 129-148; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.25.9799

Abstract:
El análisis crítico del discurso (ACD) se ha ido constituyendo en un campo prometedor para la investigación educativa, en la medida en que permite describir, explicar y analizar las relaciones entre el lenguaje y temas educativos como las políticas educativas, las prácticas y los discursos enmarcados en instituciones educativas de diferentes niveles y su nexo con el sistema económico capitalista. En ese sentido, el ACD es un campo explicativo de las ideologías subyacentes a los discursos y los dispositivos retóricos y discursivos empleados para persuadir. De igual modo, posibilita el análisis crítico del modo en que las reformas y políticas educativas se adaptan a las decisiones de agencias internacionales como el Banco Mundial (BM), el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI), la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC), la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económico (OCDE), el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID), entre otras.
Francisco Javier López Armendáriz, Nolvia Ana Cortez Román
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 103-117; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.25.9796

Abstract:
Tres aprendices narran sus necesidades y deseos de apropiación lingüística y cultural al estar estudiando múltiples lenguas extranjeras. Mediante entrevistas a profundidad analizadas con una rúbrica de nivel de inversión y análisis temático, se encontró que sus deseos de apropiación cultural o de pertenencia comunitaria de la lengua extranjera obedecían a lo que deseaban ser o se imaginan para un futuro – en otras palabras, sus comunidades imaginadas - que se diferenciaban según la lengua que estaban estudiando. En este artículo se da a conocer que los aprendices multilingües, entre más se ubican en comunidades imaginadas (Anderson, 1991) elevan sus niveles de inversión en las lenguas de estudio.
Carlos González di Pierro, Manuel Flores Fahara, Raluca Focsan
Published: 27 May 2022
Journal: Zona Próxima
Zona Próxima pp 70-86; https://doi.org/10.14482/zp.25.9794

Abstract:
Este estudio se propone explorar de qué manera el aprendizaje significativo influye en el desarrollo de la competencia intercultural por parte de los docentes de idiomas, de tal manera que pueda disminuir la brecha existente entre su teoría y su práctica en el contexto mexicano. Basado en las teorías de Aguado (2003), Byram (1993b), Gómez-Zermeño (2010), Jäger (2014), Vilà (2002), entre otros, el estudio se enmarca en una investigación-acción de tipo descriptiva asentada en un curso de formación del profesorado de seis semanas, para nueve profesores, utilizando como instrumentos la observación y el análisis de documentos. Entre las conclusiones obtenidas resultó que, expuestos a un aprendizaje significativo, los docentes desarrollan la cultura bajo un enfoque de la competencia intercultural, llevándolos a hacer análisis críticos y reflexiones, aumentando la comunicación y los conocimientos interculturales dentro del grupo participativo.
Huawei Li, Yanyang Jin,
Published: 8 February 2022
Analytical Letters, Volume 55, pp 841-856; https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2017.1360901

Abstract:
Selective and efficient electrochemical analytical methods for the characterization of the corrosion behavior of beryllium bronze alloys are significant and necessary. These electrochemical methods are based on open-circuit chronopotentiometry curves, potentiodynamic polarization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. From the electrochemical analysis, the results show that the corrosion reaction of the untreated samples became more severe as the NaCl concentration was increased. However, the corrosion reaction was not obvious when the alloy was treated by commercial latex paint and laboratory-produced latex paint. Furthermore, the corrosion potential has the same variation tendencies and the value of the corrosion potential was more positive when the alloy surface was treated by the laboratory-produced latex paint. The maximum and minimum of the corrosion potential were found for conditions using the untreated samples and samples treated with the laboratory-produced latex paint. The corrosion current, the charge transfer resistance, and the radius of capacitive resistance all decreased with increasing NaCl concentration. The above results suggest that the corrosion rate increased as the NaCl concentration was increased. Better anti-corrosion technology was found through various experimental analyses. The innovative electrochemical methods applied in the electrochemical corrosion behavior of beryllium bronze alloy are accurate, efficient, and reliable.
Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Volume 150, pp 1985-1995; https://doi.org/10.1090/proc/13922

Abstract:
A Hilbert space operator is called universal (in the sense of Rota) if every operator on the Hilbert space is similar to a multiple of the restriction of the universal operator to one of its invariant subspaces. We exhibit an analytic Toeplitz operator whose adjoint is universal in the sense of Rota and which commutes with a quasinilpotent, injective, compact operator with dense range, but unlike other examples, it acts on the Bergman space instead of the Hardy space and this operator is associated with a “hyperbolic” composition operator.
Linguistics in the Netherlands 1997, Volume 34, pp 47-62; https://doi.org/10.1075/avt.34.04fri

Abstract:
The Austronesian languages of Flores-Lembata in eastern Indonesia show all three stages of a Jespersen Cycle: some have a negator in pre-predicate position, others in clause-final position, and yet others have embracing double negation. In this article the various negation patterns in the Flores-Lembata languages are described using a sample of nine closely related languages of the region. It examines not only the negative constructions but also the etymology of the negators used, showing historical connections between some of the languages, as well as independent developments in others. On the basis of cross-linguistic evidence, and taking into account the non-Austronesian (Papuan) structures found in these Flores-Lembata languages, it is argued that the clause-final negation in several of these languages was caused by contact with speakers of Papuan languages during an earlier stage.
Vera Hukker,
Linguistics in the Netherlands 1997, Volume 34, pp 63-76; https://doi.org/10.1075/avt.34.05huk

Abstract:
Spatial prepositions express relations between objects in space. A subset of spatial prepositions is ambiguous due to the different perspectives from which these spatial relations can be considered. The ability to consider another person’s perspective is still developing in children. This study investigates how Dutch-speaking children (mean age 10) and adults interpret perspective-dependent spatial prepositions uttered by a speaker. We found that adults took the speaker’s perspective in a third of the cases, whereas children did so in a sixth of the cases. No differences in interpretation emerged between prepositions in assertions and requests, although these different speech acts reflect different speaker intentions. In general, children performed like adults, but less often took the speaker’s perspective with naast compared to voor and achter in assertions. We conclude that 10-year-olds can take another person’s perspective when interpreting spatial prepositions, but, like adults, only do so in a minority of cases.
Linguistics in the Netherlands 1997, Volume 34, pp 77-91; https://doi.org/10.1075/avt.34.06van

Abstract:
The general perspective of the paper is that all (dis)harmonic branching orders within the West-Germanic V-clusters imply a different categorization by the acquisition procedure that should be independently motivated. More specific, the paper discusses the directionality switch with the temporal auxiliary het (‘have’) in Afrikaans. Afrikaans has a right-branching V-cluster 1-2-3. The directionality switches in subordinate clauses when V1 is the auxiliary het, which seemingly gives rise to the a-typical order 2-3-1 [[leer2swem3] het1]. V2 is in this case an IPP (Infinitivus-pro-participio) infinitive. I propose to derive the directionality switch as a matter of category assignment by an acquisition procedure that is unaware of underlying structure followed by movements. I argue that sentence-final het has been reanalyzed as a morphological suffix on the V3. This leads to a simplification of the apparent 2-3-1 V-cluster into a binary 1–2 V-cluster [leer1 [swem het]2].
Darlene Keydeniers, Jeanne Eliazer, Jeannette Schaeffer
Linguistics in the Netherlands 1997, Volume 34, pp 93-109; https://doi.org/10.1075/avt.34.07key

Abstract:
Many acquisition studies indicate that across languages, children overgenerate definite articles in indefinite contexts. However, proportions and ages at which children make this error vary, and so do theoretical accounts. Attempting to resolve some of the mixed results, we combined the methods of two different studies (Schaeffer & Matthewson 2005 (SM) and van Hout, Harrigan & de Villiers 2010 (HHV)) and administered them to one group of 82 Dutch-acquiring children aged 2–9 and adult controls (N = 23).1 The results show that definite article overuse takes place in (a) only the youngest age group (2;1–3;7) in the relevant SM indefinite condition, (b) only the two oldest child groups (6;0–9;4) in the HHV indefinite condition, and (c) adults score at ceiling in the SM conditions, while only around 70% correct in the HHV conditions. We argue that (a) the indefinite conditions of the two article choice experiments test different types of knowledge, and therefore their results cannot be compared, (b) the HHV task has more methodological drawbacks than the SM task, rendering its results difficult to interpret, and (c) the results provide less evidence for HHV’s unranked-constraint hypothesis than for SM’s lack-of-Concept-of-Non-Shared-Assumptions hypothesis.
Myrthe Bergstra
Linguistics in the Netherlands 1997, Volume 34, pp 17-29; https://doi.org/10.1075/avt.34.02ber

Abstract:
This paper discusses the two types of infinitives in Frisian: infinitives ending in -E (e.g. rinne “walk”) and infinitives ending in -EN (e.g. rinnen “walk”). It shows that their distribution can be accounted for by their different underlying syntactic structure: the -E infinitive has a fully verbal structure whereas the -EN infinitive has a flexible structure which always involves a DP. Moreover, I argue that the fact that the difference between the two forms is disappearing can be explained both by Dutch influence and by the fact that the structure of the infinitives already showed much overlap.
Karen De Clercq
Linguistics in the Netherlands 1997, Volume 34, pp 31-46; https://doi.org/10.1075/avt.34.03dec

Abstract:
This paper aims at describing Q(uantity)-words, i.e. many/much and few/little, from a typological perspective, and presenting typological generalisations based on it. The typological sample provides support for a mass-count and positive-negative dimension in the domain of Q-words. Both dimensions also intersect. Along the negative dimension, it seems that languages fall into two groups: those having an opaque strategy for few/little and those having only an analytic strategy (not-much/many). Four patterns can be discerned on the basis of the sample, which are each exemplified by means of one language, i.e. English, Dutch, Wolof and Western Armenian. In addition, I make an attempt at developing a nanosyntactic analysis of the data, which aims to show how language variation in the domain of Q-words can be accounted for in terms of varying the size of lexically stored trees (Starke 2014). Finally, I show how one missing type of pattern is underivable on the basis of the analysis proposed.
Marjolein Poortvliet
Linguistics in the Netherlands 1997, Volume 34, pp 111-126; https://doi.org/10.1075/avt.34.08poo

Abstract:
This paper demonstrates the diachronic development of the Dutch gustatory verbs proeven and smaken and the semantic encroachment of the former on the meanings covered by the latter, and explains the current use of proeven in constructions in which smaken is expected (i.e. De soep proeft lekker ‘the soup tastes good’). This spread of the use of proeven (and the consequential increasingly limited use of smaken) can be explained by metaphorization and is analyzed as the result of lexical paradigm levelling.1
Corpus Studies of Language Through Time, Volume 22, pp 319-344; https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.22.3.02lov

Abstract:
This paper introduces the Spoken British National Corpus 2014, an 11.5-million-word corpus of orthographically transcribed conversations among L1 speakers of British English from across the UK, recorded in the years 2012–2016. After showing that a survey of the recent history of corpora of spoken British English justifies the compilation of this new corpus, we describe the main stages of the Spoken BNC2014’s creation: design, data and metadata collection, transcription, XML encoding, and annotation. In doing so we aim to (i) encourage users of the corpus to approach the data with sensitivity to the many methodological issues we identified and attempted to overcome while compiling the Spoken BNC2014, and (ii) inform (future) compilers of spoken corpora of the innovations we implemented to attempt to make the construction of corpora representing spontaneous speech in informal contexts more tractable, both logistically and practically, than in the past.
Haoxi Deng
Language and Linguistics, Volume 18, pp 505-520; https://doi.org/10.1075/lali.18.3.07den

Abstract:
抽象: 漢語中量詞的句法結構及其功能一直是學界關注的熱點問題之一。《漢語的量詞結構》(Classifier Structures in Mandarin Chinese) 一書為漢語量詞的句法結構、句法位置以及語義解讀提供了精細的描寫和分析。基於 [Numerability] 和 [Delimitability] 兩個具有雙值特徵的屬性,本書提出了名詞的四分法,通過名詞的四分法來對漢語的量詞進行重新審視,進而為漢語量詞的功能提出了新看法。雖然本書仍有一些值得商榷之處,但本書的確是一本研究語言量詞結構及其相關屬性的具有重要價值的文獻。
Huili Zhang, Haifeng Duan, Haihua Pan
Language and Linguistics, Volume 18, pp 479-504; https://doi.org/10.1075/lali.18.3.06zha

Abstract:
抽象: 本文從焦點–重音匹配的角度來探討漢語日常口語中「把」字句謂語部分的複雜性。本文認為,與一般 [PP V] 結構不同,「把」字句是為了在句子層面上把位於「把」NP 後的謂語部分處理為資訊焦點而產生的一種特殊句式,而實現為資訊焦點的必要條件就是必須得到句法結構提供的核心重音。由於「把」字句中「把」後 NP 是謂語動詞的論元,其後的謂語部分只有在句法上形成分支結構才能夠得到核心重音,僅僅在韻律上形成分支結構是不夠的,因此光杆動詞和不形成句法分支的雙音節動詞都被排除在「把」字句之外。這個觀點也適用於其他動詞在尾的結構,例如被動句和「連…都」結構等。
Xiaojie Yin, Jiahe Zhang
Language and Linguistics, Volume 18, pp 452-478; https://doi.org/10.1075/lali.18.3.05yin

Abstract:
抽象: 嵌偶單音詞是當代書面正式語體極其重要的組成部分,本文首次提出「嵌偶化」這一概念和判斷一個單音詞嵌偶與否的標準,並以「鼻」、「遍」為例,分別考察了兩類單音詞的「嵌偶化」過程。本文認為,「嵌偶化」的實質就是歷史上一部分單音詞退出口語,繼續以嵌偶單音詞的形式保留在書面正式語體中的過程。同時,也是以語素形式嵌入口語雙音模型——雙音節詞的「語素化」過程,「嵌偶化」實指這兩種嵌偶模型的產生過程,口語中的「語素化」是實現「嵌偶化」的必要方式和必經過程。對單音詞「嵌偶化」的初步探討,實質就是從語體角度來考察現代嵌偶詞的「語體化」歷程。
Takahiro Higashi, Yunjia Wang
Language and Linguistics, Volume 18, pp 430-451; https://doi.org/10.1075/lali.18.3.04hig

Abstract:
抽象: 北京話去聲連讀存在前去變成升調的社會變體,對於這種變體的成因,學界的看法不盡相同。本文用個案語音和文本分析的方法對北京話連去變調與詞重音之間的關係進行了研究。首先通過聲學測量和兩個聽辨實驗確定了變調樣本的重音格式,發現前去能夠變為升調的兩字組基本上都是聽感上的後重型。然後通過與若干輕音詞表的對比確認發生前去變調的雙音節詞在北京口語中不存在前重式。文章分析了北京話中兩種去聲變調格式——前去變為升調和後去變為低降調——的形成原因以及詞重音對變調格式的作用。作者認為,連去組合中的兩種變調格式實質上都是在重音保留本調原則、重讀音節同化非重讀音節原則和減少曲折原則的基礎上,相鄰音節音高同化作用的結果,同時,去聲連讀中的順向同化和逆向同化作用間接也說明了北京話的雙音節詞存在前重和後重兩種重音模式。
Zhaojin Du, Baoya Chen
Language and Linguistics, Volume 18, pp 383-429; https://doi.org/10.1075/lali.18.3.03du

Abstract:
抽象: 本文以無聲調的維吾爾語和有聲調的漢語的自然接觸作為研究對象,通過田野調查收集維吾爾族人說漢語的第一手材料,以語音標記性差異的視角,觀察、分析維漢自然接觸環境下維吾爾族人學習漢語聲調的具體過程、特點和規律。研究發現,維漢接觸中維吾爾族人以維吾爾語的詞調調型來匹配漢語聲調;隨著維吾爾族人漢化程度的提高,聲調匹配逐步實現由「無序匹配」向「有序匹配」的轉化,這是一個相對緩慢的發展過程,往往要經歷「無聲調意識→有聲調意識→聲調匹配有序化開始→實現聲調有序匹配」等幾個階段;維漢接觸中聲調實現有序匹配需要相當長的時間,是由聲調的標記性高造成的。這一過程可稱為「聲調標記匹配有序化」。
Katia Chirkova, Dehe Wang
Language and Linguistics, Volume 18, pp 355-382; https://doi.org/10.1075/lali.18.3.02chi

Abstract:
抽象: 本文通過語法問卷和長篇語料收集到的材料,以甘洛縣則拉鄉爾蘇話為例,對爾蘇語體貌系統的主要表達手段及其之間的關係進行了探討。本文確定了爾蘇語體系統的核心部分(即完整體與非完整體的對立)以詞彙和派生手段(動詞和動詞前綴)構成。本文指出爾蘇語較次要體的類型(如經驗體等)依靠語法形式手段(體貌標記)表達。本文發現爾蘇語大多數體標記兼表體與示證的意義。最後,本文分別介紹了體貌系統的主要表達手段和相關語料依據。
Jia-Yi Chen] [Jia-Yi Chen,
Language and Linguistics, Volume 18, pp 327-354; https://doi.org/10.1075/lali.18.3.01che

Abstract:
抽象: 本文檢視漢語母語者、西班牙語母語者漢語初級及中高級學習者在理解具有不同生命性對比的名詞組之下的漢語主動賓句以及主題句時所採用的模式。結果發現在主動賓句方面,三組均將第一個名詞組當成施事、第二個名詞組當成受事(即 NVN 捷思法),而名詞生命性的對比影響不大。至於主題句的理解,漢語母語人士及中高級的學習者隨機猜測其中一個名詞組作為施事,而初級的學習者則多運用 NVN 捷思法處理之。這三組漢語使用者的理解模式,符應了語法優先假說:運用語法結構進行語句理解,雖然名詞組生命性的對比影響了主題句的理解,但其影響力未大過語法結構。
, Fabrizio Bergesio, Stephane Chauvie, Andrea Bianchi, Massimo Menga, Federico Fallanca, , Michele Gregianin, Michel Meignan, Andrea Gallamini
The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Volume 65; https://doi.org/10.23736/s1824-4785.17.02993-4

Abstract:
Qualitative assessment using the Deauville five-point scale (DS) is the gold standard for interim and end-of treatment PET interpretation in lymphoma. In the present study we assessed the reliability and the prognostic value of different semi- quantitative (SQ) parameters in comparison with DS for interim PET (iPET) interpretation in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL).A cohort of 82 out of 260 patients with advanced stage HL enrolled in the International Validation Study (IVS), scored as 3 to 5 by the expert panel was included in the present report. Two nuclear medicine physicians blinded to patient history, clinical data and treatment outcome reviewed independently the iPET using the following parameters: DS, SUVMax, SUVPeak of the most active lesion, QMax (ratio of SUVMax of the lesion to liver SUVMax) and QRes (ratio of SUVPeak of the lesion to liver SUVMean). The optimal sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value to predict treatment outcome was calculated for all the above parameters with the Receiver Operator Characteristics analysis.The prognostic value of all parameters were similar, the best cut-off value being 4 for DS (Area Under the Curve, AUC, 0.81 CI95%: 0.72-0.90), 3.81 for SUVMax (AUC 0.82 CI95%: 0.73-0.91), 3.20 for SUVPeak (AUC 0.86 CI95%: 0.77-0.94), 1.07 for QMax (AUC 0.84 CI95%: 0.75-0.93) and 1.38 for QRes (AUC 0.84 CI95%: 0.75-0.93). The reproducibility of different parameters was similar as the inter-observer variability measured with Cohen's kappa were 0.93 (95% CI 0.84-1.01) for the DS, 0.88 (0.77-0.98) for SUVMax, 0.82 (0.70-0.95) for SUVPeak, 0.85 (0.74-0.97) for QRes and 0.78 (0.65-0.92) for QMax. Due to the high specificity of SUVPeak (0.87) and to the good sensitivity of DS (0.86), upon the use of both parameters the positive predictive value increased from 0.65 of the DS alone to 0.79. When both parameters were positive in iPET, 3-years Failure-Free Survival (FFS) was significantly lower compared to patients whose iPET was interpreted with qualitative parameters only (DS 4 or 5): 21% vs 35%. On the other hand, the FFS of patients with negative results was not significantly different (88% vs 86%).In this study we demonstrated that, combining semi-quantitative parameters with SUVPeak to a pure qualitative interpretation key with DS, it is possible to increase the positive predictive value of iPET and to identify with higher precision the patients subset with a very dismal prognosis. However, these retrospective findings should be confirmed prospectively in a larger patient cohort.
Moustafa Zouinar, Julia Velkovska
Published: 6 July 2022
Journal: Pragmatics
Pragmatics, Volume 27, pp 387-418; https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.27.3.04zou

Abstract:
This paper focuses on how conversation and a shared participation frame are maintained in video-mediated family conversations which ordinarily do not have a particular agenda. In order to examine this question, how conversations are maintained whilst being sometimes improvised, the paper analyses a particular interactional phenomenon, namely, the image-based topic management accomplished via two methods: showings and noticings. Through a detailed multimodal analysis of family video mediated conversations, it shows how these methods are used for introducing or changing topics and hence sustaining talk. Moreover, by describing the practical actions that involve technological and social dimensions, the paper highlights the link between interaction, personal relationships and technology. The analysis of showings and noticings, enabled by the technical features of the systems used by the participants, reveals how video-communication technology is mobilized by family members as a resource for maintaining intimacy in distant relationships.
Rajendra Chauhan
Published: 1 June 2022
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.22377/ajpmds

Abstract:
Aim: The main aim of this study was to Formulation and Characterization of Repaglinide Transdermal Patch Using Natural polymers. Materials and Methods: The Box–Behnken design was used, which has three levels and three factors to investigate the associate impact of significant attributes on tensile strength, In vitro drug release, and Ex vivo drug permeation. Fifteen formulations were developed that differed in the polymer ratio (9:1, 8:1, and 7:1). The permeation of repaglinide through hairless goat ear skin through Ex vivo was found to increase with the help of permeation enhancer d-limonene. Results: As per the experimental data, it is concluded that the R12 is the best formulation in ex vivo permeation, in which we have taken 30% propylene glycol as a plasticizer, 3% d-limonene as a permeation enhancer, and this formulation shown 301.825 μg/cm2 permeation in 24 h. Conclusion: After optimizing all formulations, it concluded that the ratio of polymer in 9:1, 3% of a permeation enhancer, and 30% plasticize was the optimum quantity of different excipients used in the optimized formulation. These findings suggest that transdermal repaglinide delivery may have therapeutic promise, with benefits such as reduced dose frequency, better patient compliance, non-invasive properties, enhanced bioavailability, and ease of medication discontinuation.
Guillermina Noël, Janet Joy, Carmen Dyck
Identifying Information and Tenor in Texts, Volume 23, pp 104-122; https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.23.1.11noe

Abstract:
Improving the quality of patient care, generally referred to as Quality Improvement (QI), is a constant mission of healthcare. Although QI initiatives take many forms, these typically involve collecting data to measure whether changes to procedures have been made as planned, and whether those changes have achieved the expected outcomes. In principle, such data are used to measure the success of a QI initiative and make further changes if needed. In practice, however, many QI data reports provide only limited insight into changes that could improve patient care. Redesigning standard approaches to QI data can help close the gap between current norms and the potential of QI data to improve patient care. This paper describes our study of QI data needs among healthcare providers and managers at Vancouver Coastal Health, a regional health system in Canada. We present an overview of challenges faced by healthcare providers around QI data collection and visualization, and illustrate the advantages and disadvantages of different visualizations. At present, user– centred and evidence–based design is practically unknown in healthcare QI, and thus offers an important new contribution.
Karen Cheng, Yeechi Chen, Kevin Larson,
Identifying Information and Tenor in Texts, Volume 23, pp 80-95; https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.23.1.09che

Abstract:
This study examines how scientists respond to visual design in scientific communications. Specifically, we determine the impact of visual design on the Graphical Abstract (GA), an overview figure that attracts potential readers and visually summarizes what a paper is about. We show that GAs designed in accordance with classic visual design principles significantly enhance readers’ first impressions of a paper. Well-designed GAs make papers seem more interesting, more clearly written and more scientifically rigorous. These results confirm that visual design enhances rather than detracts from the perception of intellectual and scientific competence.
Will Stahl-Timmins
Identifying Information and Tenor in Texts, Volume 23, pp 96-103; https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.23.1.10sta

Abstract:
Visual information can have a range of benefits for busy health practitioners. At The BMJ, we often use visuals to provide quick summaries of information from at times lengthy articles. This paper presents a case study of the design process for an interactive graphic on sepsis treatment, aiming to update doctors working in intensive care units of current evidence. Through explaining this design process, four major challenges for the use of interactive graphics in science publishing are highlighted: (1) how to identify suitable knowledge for visualisations; (2) how to select an appropriate depth of information for a particular project; (3) how interactive graphics can be a permanent part of the scientific record, and (4) how they can be deployed across a range of platforms and devices.
Identifying Information and Tenor in Texts, Volume 23, pp 65-79; https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.23.1.08mau

Abstract:
Despite the high usage of diagrams and images in Wikipedia, as well as across all Wikimedia projects, few studies have been conducted on the role of visual contents within the online encyclopedia and on the collaborative creation of diagrams. This article describes research that brought a group of designers into Wikipedia, with the goal of exploring how information designers act on this platform and how other users react to their involvement. Inspired by the WikiEdu Program, we engaged postgraduate design students in the creation of diagrams for Wikipedia and then followed the reactions of both users and designers to their work. The results of the experiment have been evaluated using built-in Wikipedia functions (e.g., page history and discussion pages) and through an anonymous survey among the students involved. This experience brought to light the different consideration granted to images and diagrams with respect to texts on the online encyclopedia. It also allowed a reflection on the role of designers in the knowledge production process, as well as on the meaning of producing “open” contents, which are meant to be improved by other people.
Alice Thudt, , Wesley Willett,
Identifying Information and Tenor in Texts, Volume 23, pp 48-64; https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.23.1.07thu

Abstract:
In this article we explore visualization for personal storytelling and investigate techniques for communicating subjective experiences in personal visual narratives. Personal stories are often subjective and storytellers omit, make up, or embellish details to craft engaging stories or to communicate a perspective. As growing personal data collections allow individuals to leverage visualizations, we explore how personal visual narratives can express subjectivity. From an analysis of personal visualizations created by data enthusiasts, designers and artists, we collect techniques for deliberately expressing subjectivity during data collection, processing, visual encoding, and presentation. Our results prompt a discussion about the role and potential of subjectivity in personal visual storytelling.
Klaus Kremer
Identifying Information and Tenor in Texts, Volume 23, pp 32-38; https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.23.1.05kre

Abstract:
This case study explores concepts and methodologies in user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) design with a view to increasing information retention and memorisation through the inclusion of human-centred design principles. It focuses on the participants’ individual context, mental state and abilities. In emergencies, visual perception and situation awareness may be restricted due to the impact of sensory symptoms (panic, tunnel vision or limited motor skills), thus calling for a linear course of action. This applied research project, ‘Floodscape’, is a mobile application designed to educate its user about possible inundation zones resulting from a tsunami. Ongoing user engagement through interactive simulation is the prime focus of the initial (dormant) state of the app. In case of an actual tsunami the app registers the event and adapts its UI accordingly. Crucial life-saving wayfinding information will then be displayed in a contextual manner considering contrast, typography, limited user attention and ease of use.
Patricio Dávila
Identifying Information and Tenor in Texts, Volume 23, pp 19-31; https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.23.1.04dav

Abstract:
The Anti-Eviction Mapping Project is an example of critical visualization practice that interrogates both its own conditions of production and how who is represented is also affected by the representations. In order to describe and analyze this form of practice the notion of assemblage as well as tools from actor-network theory are employed. These concepts allow the researcher or designer to consider how visualizations operate beyond its existence as a discrete representation but rather as a process that weaves a network of humans and non-humans together which is especially relevant to a critical engagement in information visualization practice.
, Christopher Pietsch, Gabriel Credico
Identifying Information and Tenor in Texts, Volume 23, pp 39-47; https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.23.1.06dor

Abstract:
As cultural institutions are digitizing their artifacts and interlinking their collections, new opportunities emerge to engage with cultural heritage. However, it is the often comprehensive and complex nature of collections that can make it difficult to grasp their distribution and extent across a variety of dimensions. After a brief introduction to the research area of collection visualizations, this paper presents a design study visualizing an aggregated collection from diverse cultural institutions in Germany. We detail our iterative design process leading to prototypical implementations of four stylistically and functionally coordinated visualizations, each one focusing on different facets of the collection.
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