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Nur Laili Safitri, R. Agus Baktiono, Elok Damayanti, I Gede Arimbawa
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 192-198; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems318

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of work motivation and compensation on the performance of PT. Delami Brands Kharisma Busana Surabaya. This study used a quantitative approach and data collection through questionnaires and observations. With a population of 76 respondents. Analysis of the data used the validity test, reliability test, classic assumption test, and multiple linear analysis test. The results showed that the effect of work motivation and compensation on the performance of PT. Delami Brands Khasrisma Busana Surabaya showed positive and significant results. The F test results are 70,878> F table = 2,92 simultaneously. Partially work motivation of 8.433> t table 1.993 has a significant effect on employee performance, compensation of 4.564> 1.993 has a significant effect on the performance of employees of PT. Delami Brands Kharisma Busana Surabaya.
Lamia Jamel
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 122-128; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems301

Abstract:
The nexus among financial development and economic growth has long remained a subject matter of considerable debate in the financial and economic literature. This article examines the relationships between financial development, institutions, and economic growth. This indicates that the marginal effect of financial development on economic growth depends on the quality of institutions. To do so, we employ a panel data of 14 MENA countries during the period of study from 2008 to 2019. For the econometric methodology, we use fixed and random effects models. To choose between fixed effects and random effects, we employ the Hausman test. Based on the empirical findings, we demonstrate that financial development has a positive effect on economic growth. Furthermore, we have observed that institutional quality seems to be a necessary complement to financial development. Consequently, it is important to implement policies leading to the deepening of financial systems, through a including a solid institutional framework. Thus, by promoting such development and better institutional quality, economic growth will thus be accelerated.
Eka Siswanto Syamsul, Supomo, Achmad Kadri Ansyori
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 75-78; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang338

Abstract:
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, the availability of handwashing products in Samarinda City has become a rare item. The purpose of this activity is to prevent COVID-19 through the use of Hand Sanitizer. This method in this service includes several stages, namely preparation that includes the preparation of tools and materials, the production process with the stages of mixing materials into hand sanitizer products, and the packaging process that is inserting the finished hand sanitizer into small bottles measuring 20 ml, 100 ml and Container 5 L, as well as labelling the brand hand sanitizer, and subsequently the distribution process in RT 27, 28 , 29 and 30 Black Water Village. Civitas Akademika STIKES Samarinda (STIKSAM) and Ikatan Keluarga Alumni (IKA STIKSAM) make hand sanitizer in accordance with WHO regulations, hand sanitizer distribution process in rt 27, RT 28, RT 29 and RT 30 Black Water Village and COVID-19 referral hospital (AW Hospital. Sjahranie and I.A. Moeis Hospital) went smoothly. Mayor of Samarinda H. Syaharie Ja'ang appreciated and reviewed the activities of Hand Sanitizer making at STIKES Samarinda campus. Abstrak Akibat wabah pandemi COVID-19 ketersediaan produk pencuci tangan di Kota Samarinda menjadi barang langka. Tujuan kegiatan ini yaitu melakukan upaya pencegahan COVID-19 melalui penggunaan Hand Sanitizer. Metode pada pengabdian ini meliputi beberapa tahap yaitu persiapan yang meliputi penyiapan alat dan bahan, proses produksi dengan tahapan pencampuran bahan-bahan menjadi produk hand sanitizer, dan proses pengemasan yaitu memasukan hand sanitizer yang sudah jadi ke dalam botol-botol kecil berukuran 20 ml, 100 ml maupun Dirigen 5 L, serta labelling merek hand sanitizer, dan selanjutnya proses pendistribusian di RT 27, 28, 29 dan 30 Kelurahan Air Hitam. Civitas Akademika STIKES Samarinda (STIKSAM) dan Ikatan Keluarga Alumni (IKA STIKSAM) membuat hand sanitizer sesuai ketentuan WHO, proses pendistribusian hand sanitizer di wilayah RT 27, RT 28, RT 29 dan RT 30 Kelurahan Air Hitam dan Rumah sakit rujukan COVID-19 (RSUD AW. Sjahranie dan RSUD I.A. Moeis) berjalan dengan lancar. WaliKota Samarinda H. Syaharie Ja’ang mengapresiasi dan meninjau kegiatan pembuatan Hand Sanitizer di kampus STIKES Samarinda.
Wahyu Utami, Karisma Ayu Ningtyas, Vira Safitri, Endang Mawarti, Lilla Puji Lestari
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 79-86; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang342

Abstract:
The KKNT-KK activity of the Urip Sumoharjo Group purpose to provide public understanding of the importance of 3M in preventing the spread of the corona virus. As well as improving community skills in the use of natural ingredients for the manufacture of hand sanitizers. The method used in this activity is education and socialization of the application of 3M for the prevention of the corona virus, practicing how to make hand sanitizers from natural ingredients. The targets in this KKNT-KK activity are the people of Kalijaten Village, Taman Subdistrict, Sidoarjo Regency, especially mothers. The result of this activity is that the community has begun to understand the importance of 3M, and can utilize natural ingredients for the manufacture of hand sanitizers. Abstrak Kegiatan KKNT-KK Kelompok Urip Sumoharjo ini bertujuan untuk memberikan pemahaman masyarakat tentang pentingnya 3M untuk mencegah penyebaran virus corona. Serta meningkatkan keterampilan masyarakat dalam pemanfaatan bahan alami untuk pembuatan hand sanitizer. Metode yang digunakan pada kegiatan ini adalah edukasi dan sosialisasi penerapan 3M untuk pencegahan virus corona, mempraktekkan cara pembuatan hand sanitizer dari bahan alami. Sasaran dalam kegiatan KKNT-KK ini yaitu masyarakat Kelurahan Kalijaten Kecamatan Taman Kabupaten Sidoarjo khususnya para ibu-ibu. Hasil dari kegiatan ini adalah masyarakat mulai paham tentang pentingnya 3M, serta bisa memanfaatkan bahan alami untuk pembuatan hand sanitizer.
Ika Widiastuti, Pandu Adi Cakranegara
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 87-91; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang341

Abstract:
This article is motivated by COVID-19, which can affect the economy and MSMEs of the Mojokerto community. The research objective was to determine the community's strategies in Watespinggir Hamlet Mojokerto to survive and still earn income during the pandemic. The research method is descriptive qualitative, and the authors collect data by conducting interviews, discussions with business actors, and seeking information from other article sources. The results showed that business actors' efforts to increase an income such as studying more details about the technology, providing exemplary service to consumers, paying attention to the quality of goods to be sold to consumers. Also, selling products using e-commerce, adding services to consumers, digital marketing and optimizing marketing relationships with consumers, maintaining products, and protecting existing customers. Abstrak Artikel ini dilatarbelakangi oleh COVID-19 yang dapat mempengaruhi perekonomian dan UMKM masyarakat Mojokerto. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui strategi yang digunakan oleh masyarakat di Dusun Watespinggir Mojokerto supaya dapat bertahan dan tetap mendapatkan penghasilan selama pandemi. Metode penelitian ialah kualitatif deskriptif, penulis mengambil data dengan melakukan wawancara, diskusi dengan pelaku usaha dan mencari informasi dari sumber artikel lainnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa upaya pelaku usaha guna meningkatkan suatu pendapatan seperti mempelajari lebih detail tentang teknologi, memberikan pelayanan yang baik untuk konsumen, memperhatikan kualitas barang yang akan dijual ke konsumen. Selain itu, penjualan produk dengan menggunakan e-commerce, penambahan layanan terhadap konsumen, digital marketing serta mengoptimalkan hubungan pemasaran dengan para konsumen, dan mempertahankan produk serta menjaga pelanggan yang sudah ada.
Menik Tri Wahyuni
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 140-148; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems316

Abstract:
Working capital is a very important part of the company. Working capital should always be available enough to be able to provide maximum benefits and the company’s operations can continues. Analysis of source and use of working capital is needed for companies to find out the source of funds and how those fund spent.The purpose of this study is to determine the analysis of sources and uses of working capital of PT Sido Muncul,Tbk in Semarang, and to review the policy of uses working capital of PT Sido Muncul, Tbk in Semarang. This study use dercriptive qualitative method. The result of this research indicate that the source of working capital in 2016 to 2018 is quite good. However, in 2017 and 2018 the use of working capital’s company is greater than the source. In 2016 working capital of PT Sido Muncul was increase Rp55.060.000.000. Whereas in 2017 was decrease Rp158.045.000.000 and in 2018 also decreased Rp241.108.000.000. This is due to the high amount of increase in fixed assets by the company. For investment policies, companies tend to use conservative policies, while for working capital expenditure policies companies tend to use aggressive policies.
Pius U. Angioha, Rose U. Agba, Beauty U. Kenneth, Eno U. Ishie
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 158-162; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems275

Abstract:
The study specifically examines the correlation between remuneration and the effectiveness of employees in commercial banks in cross river state, adopting a survey method, data was collected from 232 participants employed by five commercial banks in cross river state. The participants were selected using the proportional stratified and simple random sampling technique. A self-developed questionnaire was adopted to elicit the required information for the study. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. out of the 232 distributed questionnaires, 213 was returned and used for analysis. Result revealed a correlation between remuneration and the effectiveness of employees in commercial banks in cross river state. From the analysis 21.8 per cent of the variance in the effectiveness of bank's employees is accounted for by remuneration. The study concludes that bank the management of banks need to take into cognizance the economic situation in the country and improve on the take-home package of their employees.
Nur Alifah Istiqomah, Elok Damayanti
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 149-157; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems317

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the influence of incentives and motivation on the performance of employee of PT. Tozy Santosa Surabaya. This research is quantitative research. Population and sample based on questionnaire distribution to the employees of PT. Tozy Sentosa Surabaya was taken 63 respondents. Data collection techniques used interviews, observation and questionnaires. The data analysis used reliability test, validity test, classic assumption test and multiple linear analysis test. The results of the study, incentives and motivations simultaneously and partially significantly influence the employee performance of PT. Tozy Santosa Surabaya with significance value
A. M. Ogaboh Agba, T. A. Omang, C. N. Enukoha, Felix O. Eteng
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 129-139; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems282

Abstract:
The study examined the relationship between performance-based incentives and employees’ productivity in commercial organizations in Cross River State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study investigates the links between performance-based incentives such as promotions, bonus, recognition and employees’ productivity. Expectancy theory was used to situate the study. Descriptive survey design that allows for the use of questionnaire as quantitative tool was adopted as well as in the selection of respondents from commercial organizations. Quantitative data were analyzed using multi-variance analysis. It was revealed that performance-based promotion, performance-based bonus, performance-based recognition significantly influence productivity of employees in commercial organizations. The study further reveals a joint relationship between the predictor variables (performance-based promotion, bonus, recognition) and productivity of employees. It was recommended among others that promotion policies in commercial organizations should be transparent and fair. Management of these entities should make personnel policies that outline key performance indicators and their relationship to internal promotions, bonuses and wages.
Himza Fadhilah Putri Wulandari
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 85-93; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems315

Abstract:
Every company established has a goal to gain profits and maximize wealth to shareholders. The purpose of this study is to analyze method of Economic Value Added as a measure of financial performance assessment at PT. Campina Ice Cream Industry Tbk. Method used in this study a Qualitative Descriptive approach. Data source in this study uses secondary data form of financial statements PT. Campina Ice Cream Industry Tbk in 2016-2018. Analysis data technique used is method of Economic Value Added. Economic Value Added shows the measurement of extent to which company has value added to owners of company in a given year or period. The results of this study can be concluded that Economic Value Added (EVA) at PT.Campina Ice Cream Industry Tbk in 2016 worth Rp. (3.656.510.875) and in 2017 valued at Rp. (2.473.733.162) so that it produces a negative Economic Value Added or> 0 which can be said that the company financial performance is not good. However, in 2018 company achieved scores. Economic Value Added
Rahman Olanrewaju Raji
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 72-84; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems269

Abstract:
This paper explores the asymmetric nexus between financial inclusion, financial efficiency and financial stability, within asymmetric and symmetric Autoregressive Distributed Lag (NARDL) framework, covering the period from 2003 to 2018, using quarterly data in Nigeria. The findings showed that symmetric technique of econometric test detects, that financial stability is augmented by better improvement in financial inclusion in short-run, while asymmetric technique observed that short-run positive effect, and negative effect likewise long-run decrease in this index heightened the level of financial stability in this economy. This study further found trade-off existence, between financial efficiency and financial stability in both symmetric and asymmetric techniques of econometric tests, which is consistent with some empirical findings. The results based on the model and empirical data indicate that, the monetary authority needs to follow prudent and adequate supervisory standard in pursuing financial inclusion, financial intermediaries should be accompanied with good institutional quality, including financial awareness that should be enhanced through financial teachings in all sectors both in the urban and rural areas of the economy.
Louis Sevitenyi Nkwatoh, Kekere Sule Ibrahim
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 36-46; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems251

Abstract:
This study investigated the macroeconomic effect of refugee inflow on West African Countries using a panel vector autoregressive approach over the period 1992 to 2018. Our results provide evidence that a positive refugee shock induces a positive effect on GDP per capita, government consumption and labour force. On the other hand, the effect of a shock to refugee exerts a negative effect on the fiscal balance of host Countries. The overall result from the variance decomposition indicates that refugees prefer to migrate to Countries with better economic activities as reflected by the GDP per capita and labour supply, even though the magnitude of contribution of refugees to economic activities is small and significant only in the short run. Hence, refugees do not constitute an economic burden to West African States, but however induce a negative effect on their fiscal balance via extra budgetary expenditure. This calls for a global response to refugee crisis with respect to its fiscal implication on host Countries. This may go a long way in averting another circle of crisis because refugees often exacerbate the worsening economic and social problems of host Countries, leading to increase in government consumption.
Neema Gasper Mariwa, Garba Betchem, Isaac Amankwaa Adu, Minkah Yaw Andrews
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 27-35; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems247

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of spiritual leadership on employees’ turnover intention by assessing the role of quality of work life as a mediating role and organizational climate as a moderator. This study identifies and examines, using a cross-sectional survey research design, the empirical support for two alternative model – a direct effect model and an indirect effect model of the likely effect of spiritual leadership on employee turnover intention, mediated by quality of work life and organizational climate as moderator on hotel employees of Tanzania. The results of this study showed the inverse relationship of spiritual leadership and turnover intention mediated by quality of work life. In addition organizational climate moderated the effect of quality of work life on turnover intention such that the relationship was stronger when organizational climate was high. The findings from this work adds to the existing literature and provide hotel managers with knowledge on the effects of spiritual leadership on turnover intention of employees. This is an original practical examination and its significance partly comes from its research implications and practice implications.
Pooja Dangol
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 13-26; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems119

Abstract:
The general objective of the study is to determine the role of performance appraisal and its impact on employee. The study is guided by the following specific objectives: to establish the extent to which performance appraisal process affects employee motivation, to determine the extent to which appraisers affect staff motivation and to determine the challenges in appraising employee performance. The study adopted descriptive research design. The population of interest consists of 120 employees of Service Industry in Nepal. Data is collected using structured questionnaires and additional qualitative data is collected using the reference from the questionnaire and the objectives of the study. The data is analysed using statistical tools such as frequency distribution, percentages and Pearson correlations. Data is presented using tables and charts. The research findings suggest that regular assessment of performance leads to employee motivation. Performance appraisal rating can be considered as a technique that has a positive effect on work performance and employee motivation. Employees may be motivated if the appraisal process is based on accurate and current job descriptions. On the challenges of performance appraisal on employee motivation established that some managers tend to be liberal or strict in their rating of staff which may affect the employees’ motivation. The manager’s ability to address the skills gaps can have a significant impact on the employee’s motivation. Regular ratings may affect the performance and motivation of the employees. Fair assessment of the employee’s performance may enhance their motivation.
Victoria Ogwa Adikwu, John Johnson Edache, Mary Eru Iji, Egom Njin Ogar
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 36-45; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang295

Abstract:
The study specifically examines the impact of emotional abuse on the mental health of women in abusive marriages in communities in Gwagwalada, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. In order to achieve the objective of this study, the cross-sectional research method was adopted for the study. Data or the study was collected from a sample of 600 married women in Gwagwalada aged 18 and above using a self-structured questionnaire. The stratified and purposive sampling technique was used in selecting the sample from the study area. From the 600-instrument distributed only 594 was return without missing items or mutilation and this was used for analysis. Data collected from the field was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as tables, simple percentage and figure. The correlation analysis was carried using Pearson Product Moment correlation Analysis. Findings revealed that 95.2 per cent (566) of the sample in one time or the other in their marriage have suffered one form of emotional abuse, result also revealed that 93.8 percent of the respondents suffer psychologically as a result of emotional abuse from their spouse. The correlational analysis also revealed a strong significant relationship between emotional abuse and mental health issue among married women. The study therefore concludes that emotional abuse affects the mental health of married women in communities in Gwagwalada, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. the study therefore calls for increase in support service for those in abuse relationship. Abstrak Studi tersebut secara khusus meneliti dampak pelecehan emosional pada kesehatan mental wanita dalam pernikahan yang "teraniaya" pada komunitas di Gwagwalada, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian ini, digunakan metode penelitian cross-sectional untuk penelitian ini. Data penelitian terkumpul dari sampel 600 wanita menikah di Gwagwalada dan berusia 18 tahun ke atas menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Teknik pengambilan sampel bertingkat dan purposif digunakan dalam proses pemilihan sampel penelitian. Dari 600 instrumen yang didistribusikan hanya 594 yang dikembalikan tanpa item yang hilang dan ini digunakan untuk analisis. Data yang dikumpulkan dari lapangan dianalisis menggunakan statistik deskriptif seperti tabel, persentase sederhana, dan gambar. Analisis korelasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan Analisis Korelasi Pearson Product Moment. Temuan menunjukkan bahwa 95,2 persen (566) sampel dalam satu waktu atau lain waktu dalam pernikahan mereka pernah mengalami salah satu bentuk pelecehan emosional, hasil juga mengungkapkan bahwa 93,8 persen responden menderita secara psikologis akibat pelecehan emosional dari pasangannya. Analisis korelasional juga mengungkapkan hubungan signifikan yang kuat antara pelecehan emosional dan masalah kesehatan mental pada wanita menikah. Oleh karena itu, penelitian tersebut menyimpulkan bahwa pelecehan emosional mempengaruhi kesehatan mental wanita yang sudah menikah pada komunitas di Gwagwalada, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini menyerukan peningkatan layanan dukungan bagi mereka yang berada dalam hubungan pelecehan.
Herna Febrianty Sianipar, Theresia Monika Siahaan, Apriani Sijabat
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 23-26; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang310

Abstract:
This service aims to provide information about the value of good water quality and demonstrate directly the tools used to measure it which aim to cultivate Batak fish based on biological, physical and chemical parameters such as temperature, dissolved oxygen, carbon dioxide, pH, and provide information on the names of measuring devices. . This service has been carried out in Gorat Village, Toba Samosir Regency with the method of counseling and material discussion (exposure and question and answer), as well as the practice of measuring water quality externally and analyzing the results of its value. The results of the counseling show that many fish farmers do not understand the value of good water quality for batak fish cultivation and not many know the equipment that can be used to check water quality. From this counseling, it can be seen that the interest of fish farmers and the community is very high, and they become more aware of the value of good water quality for fish farming and know the equipment. Abstrak Pengabdian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan penyuluhan tentang nilai kualitas air yang baik dan mendemonstrasikan langsung alat yang digunakan mengukurnya yang bertujuan untuk membudidayakan ikan batak berdasarkan parameter biologi, fisika dan kimia seperti suhu, oksigen terlarut, karbondioksida, pH, serta memberikan informasi nama alat-alat pengukurnya. Pengabdian ini telah dilakukan di Desa Gorat, Kabupaten Toba Samosir dengan metode penyuluhan dan diskusi materi (paparan dan tanya jawab), serta praktek pengukuran kualitas air secara eksitu dan menganalisis hasil nilainya. Hasil penyuluhan menunjukan bahwa banyaknya petani ikan yang belum paham tentang nilai kualitas air yang baik untuk budidaya ikan batak serta belum banyak yang mengetahui peralatan yang dapat digunakan untuk memeriksa kualitas air. Dari penyuluhan ini terlihat animo petani ikan dan masyarakat sangat tinggi, dan mereka menjadi lebih paham tentang nilai kualitas air yang baik untuk budidaya ikan serta mengetahui peralatannya.
Yusniar Rasjid, Zulkifli Rais, A. Bida Purnamasari, Rusdianto
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 19-22; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang307

Abstract:
The purpose of this activity is to seek to develop skills and abilities in the manufacture of liquid organic fertilizers as an effort to reduce environmental pollution caused by household waste and industrial waste. Lack of skills in making organic liquid fertilizer from household waste for students is the driving force for the implementation of this training activity. For this reason, this activity will provide training on how to make liquid organic fertilizer from household waste and rotten fruits. The results achieved were in the form of knowledge and skills on how to make organic liquid fertilizer from household waste and rotten fruits by involving students at school. This can be seen from the results of the participants' independent work in producing the final product in the form of liquid organic fertilizer. These students' skills can be seen from the results of independent work in forming attractive and beautiful horticulture plants. The results of the activity are also in the form of enthusiasm and enthusiasm of the students/training participants which can be seen from the presence of the participants and interest in the practice of making organic liquid fertilizer from waste. Abstrak: Tujuan kegiatan ini yaitu hendak mengupayakan pengembangan keterampilan dan kemampuan dalam pembuatan pupuk organik cair sebagai upaya mengurangi pencemaran lingkungan akibat limbah rumah tangga dan limbah industri. Kurangnya keterampilan dalam membuat pupuk cair organik dari limbah rumah tangga bagi siswa menjadi pendorong pelaksanaan kegiatan pelatihan ini. Untuk itu, kegiatan ini akan memberikan pelatihan cara pembuatan pupuk organik cair dari limbah yang berasal dari rumah tangga dan buah-buahan yang busuk. Hasil yang dicapai berupa pengetahuan dan keterampilan cara membuat pupuk cair organik dari limbah rumah tangga dan buah-buahan busuk dengan melibatkan siswa-siswa di sekolah. Hal tersebut tampak dari hasil kerja mandiri peserta dalam menghasilkan produk akhir berupa pupuk organik cair. Keterampilan siswa tersebut tampak dari hasil kerja mandiri dalam membentuk tanaman vertikultur yang menarik dan indah. Hasil kegiatan juga berupa antusiasme dan semangat siswa/ peserta pelatihan yang tampak dari kehadiran peserta dan ketertarikan dalam praktek pembuatan pupuk cair organik dari limbah.
Ieke Wulan Ayu, Ikhlas Suhada, Wening Kusumawardani, Ade Maryam Oklima, Yhosa Novantara, S. Soemarno
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 1-7; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang181

Abstract:
Environmental stress is a major challenge in sustainable food production, because it can reduce crop productivity, specifically chilies on sub-optimal land. The use of liquid organic fertilizers containing complete macro and micro nutrients is highly needed, so that plants thrive and are healthy and are more resistant to pathogens. This activity aimed to improve the knowledge and skills of farmer group partners about healthy plant cultivation technology on sub-optimal land. Assistance activities were carried out for the Hasrat Indah farmer group in Kerato Village, Unter Iwes District, Sumbawa Regency, during July 2020 by using extension and training methods. The results of the activity indicated that this assistance activity can improve the farmers’ knowledge about healthy cultivation of chilies, and the application of fertilizers at the right time by using liquid organic fertilizers. The successes achieved in the process of empowering farmers in this activity included increasing farmers’ knowledge of soil health, healthy cultivation of chilies, and the application of using liquid organic fertilizers. Abstrak Cekaman lingkungan merupakan tantangan utama dalam produksi pangan berkelanjutan, karena dapat mengurangi produktivitas tanaman, terutama pada tanaman cabe di lahan sub optimal. Penggunaan pupuk organik cair yang mengandung zat hara makro dan mikro lengkap sangat diperlukan agar tanaman tumbuh subur dan sehat serta lebih tahan terhadap patogen. Tujuan kegiatan adalah untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan mitra kelompok tani terkait teknologi budidaya tanaman sehat di lahan sub optimal. Kegiatan pendampingan dilakukan pada kelompok tani Hasrat Indah di Desa Kerato Kecamatan Unter Iwes Kabupaten Sumbawa, selama bulan Juli 2020 dengan metode penyuluhan, dan pelatihan. Hasil kegiatan menunjukkan bahwa melalui pendampingan dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan petani tentang budidaya sehat pada tanaman cabe, aplikasi pupuk pada waktu yang tepat dengan menggunakan pupuk organik cair. Keberhasilan pemberdayaan petani dalam kegiatan ini adalah petani mengetahui tentang kesehatan tanah, budidaya sehat tanaman cabe, dan aplikasi penggunaan pupuk organik cair.
Fitridawati Soehardi, Lusi Dwi Putri, Marta Dinata
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 8-13; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang265

Abstract:
In the scope of engineering research, most of the problems are quantitative, qualitative problems are not so dominant but have a big influence on the results obtained. This qualitative research is conducted on natural objects that develop as they are, are not manipulated by researchers and the presence of researchers does not really affect the dynamics of these objects. Not all young technical researchers understand this method of qualitative data analysis. To answer this, it is necessary to provide qualitative data analysis to young researchers through Nvivo training activities, with implementation stages in the form of training in the theory and application of Nvivo as well as practicing data analysis with NVIVO. This program is used to analyze unstructured or semi-structured data such as the results of interviews, surveys, field notes, web and journal articles. The target to be achieved is community empowerment services, scientific reports and articles (journals / proceedings). The method used is learning in class lectures, discussion and question and answer as well as practice / application simulation. The results obtained are partners understand how to use the NVivo application, out of 25 (twenty five) participants with a 'Very Good' score of 12%, a 'Good' score of 60% a 'Medium' score of 28% and a 'Not Appearing' value of 0%. The conclusion obtained is the increased capacity of partners in using the Nvivo application. Abstrak Dalam lingkup penelitian bidang teknik sebagian besar permasalahannya bersifat kuantitatif, permasalahan yang bersifat kualitatif tidak begitu dominan namun memberi pengaruh besar pada hasil yang diperoleh. Penelitian kualitatif ini dilakukan pada objek alamiah yang berkembang apa adanya, tidak dimanipulasi oleh peneliti dan kehadiran peneliti tidak begitu mempengaruhi dinamika pada obyek tersebut. Tidak semua peneliti muda bidang teknik memahami metode analisis data kualitatif ini. Untuk menjawab hal tersebut maka perlu diadakan pembekalan mengenai analisis data kualitatif kepada para peneliti muda melalui kegiatan pelatihan Nvivo, dengan tahapan pelaksanaan berupa pelatihan teori dan aplikasi Nvivo serta praktik analisis data dengan Nvivo. Program ini digunakan untuk menganalisis data tidak terstruktur atau semi terstruktur seperti hasil interview, survey, catatan lapangan, web dan artikel jurnal. Target yang ingin dicapai adalah jasa pemberdayaan masyarakat, laporan dan artikel ilmiah (jurnal/prosiding). Metode yang digunakan adalah pembelajaran di kelas ceramah, diskusi dan tanya jawab serta praktik/simulasi aplikasi. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah mitra memahami cara menggunakan aplikasi NVivo, dari 25 (dua puluh lima) orang peserta dengan nilai ‘Sangat Baik’ sebesar 12%, nilai ‘Baik’ sebesar 60% nilai ‘Sedang’ 28% dan nilai ‘Tidak Tampil’ sebesar 0%. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh adalah meningkatnya kapasitas mitra dalam menggunakan aplikasi Nvivo.
A. Sry Iryani, Agustina Deka Minggu Bali
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 27-35; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang204

Abstract:
Chili is one of the most important foods for traditional Indonesian food. One of the chilies that have a very high Scoville rating from Toraja Utara and Tana Toraja is Cabe Bakul or Lada Katokkon. This chili is different from other peppers ranging from the shape that resembles a pabrika but the size is small, it is sweet taste turned hot and good smelled. . The disadvantage of this chili is the condition of chilies that have a very high water content so it is easy to rot and wrestle so that the price quickly goes down and sometimes thrown away. To avoid the problem, the team proposes to process chili into a product but does not change the taste, color, and smell. This activity helps the chili farmers to process their crops into processed products that have higher economic value. There are two types of products produced are Chili powder (Bon Cabe) and sauce. Chili sauce is made there are four variants of flavors are: original, onion, terasi, and fish. Through this training, the farmer group partners can cultivate the harvest and its products can compete in the Toraja market and outside Toraja. Abstrak Cabe merupakan salah satu makanan terpenting untuk makanan tradisional Indonesia. Salah satu cabai yang memiliki rating Scoville sangat tinggi dari Toraja Utara dan Tana Toraja adalah Cabe Bakul atau Cabe Katokkon. Cabe ini berbeda dengan cabe lainnya mulai dari bentuknya yang menyerupai pabrika namun ukurannya kecil, rasanya manis berubah menjadi panas dan harum. Kekurangan dari cabe ini adalah kondisi buah cabe yang memiliki kandungan air yang sangat tinggi sehingga mudah membusuk dan bergelut sehingga harganya cepat turun dan kadang dibuang begitu saja. Untuk menghindari masalah tersebut, tim mengusulkan untuk mengolah cabe menjadi sebuah produk namun tidak merubah rasa, warna dan baunya. Kegiatan ini membantu petani cabe mengolah hasil panennya menjadi produk olahan yang memiliki nilai ekonomi lebih tinggi. Ada dua jenis produk yang dihasilkan yaitu bubuk cabe (Bon Cabe) dan saos. Kuah sambal yang dibuat ada empat varian rasa yaitu: original, bawang, terasi dan ikan. Melalui pelatihan ini para mitra kelompok tani dapat membudidayakan hasil panen dan produknya dapat bersaing di pasar Toraja dan luar Toraja.
Muhammad Suhron,
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 14-18; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang266

Abstract:
People with mental disorders (ODGJ) after pasung are defined as ODGJ who have been freed from confinement and referred to the hospital. One way of handling (ODGJ) is post pasung by involving mental cadres in handling violent behavior in people with mental disorders (ODGJ) after pasung. The purpose of this Community Service is to prepare soul cadres in handling violent behavior during the release of pasung. This community service was carried out in November 2019 with the target of soul cadres in Bangkalan Kokop. The team came from the Nursing Study Program at Stikes Ngudia Husada Madura, and the Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University and the Kokop Community Health Center. This activity consists of a preparatory stage including an assessment / assessment and techniques for handling violent behavior by mental cadres in releasing pasung patients. Abstrak: Orang dengan gangguan jiwa (ODGJ) pasca pasung diartikan ODGJ yang sudah terbebas dari pemasungan dan dirujuk ke rumah sakit, Salah satu cara penanganan (ODGJ) pasca pasung dengan melibatkan Kader jiwa dalam menangani perilaku kekerasan pada Orang dengan gangguan jiwa (ODGJ) pasca pasung. Tujuan Pengabdian Masyarakat ini yaitu untuk menyiapkan kader jiwa dalam penanganan perilaku kekerasan saat pelepasan pasung. Pengabdian masyarakat ini dilakukan pada bulan November 2019 dengan sasaran kader jiwa di Kokop Bangkalan. Tim berasal dari Program Studi Keperawatan Stikes Ngudia Husada Madura, dan Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Airlangga serta puskesmas Kokop. Kegiatan ini terdiri dari tahap persiapan meliputi pengkajian/assesment dan tekhnik penanganan perilaku kekerasan oleh kader jiwa dalam pelepasan pasien pasung.
Samuel Wesiah, Sixtus Cyprian Onyekwere
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 47-71; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems258

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth in the UK using quarterly data from 1963q1 to 2015q1. Three variables were used as proxies for financial sector development, namely, ratios of broad money supply to GDP, ratios of private sector credit to GDP and the ratios of stock market capitalization to GDP. Economic growth was measured using real GDP per capita. In order to achieve stated aim, the study employed the Johansen Cointegration test and the Granger causality test within a vector error correction framework (VEC) to test for the existence (or not) of a long run relationship as well as the direction of causality between financial development and economic growth. The result from the Cointegration test indicates that there is a stable long run equilibrium relationship between financial development and economic growth in the UK. The Granger causality test presents evidence of a bidirectional causality. This suggests that financial development and economic growth are mutually causal, that is, causality runs from both side which is in line with the feedback hypothesis in the literature which argue that financial development and economic growth exhibits a two-way causal relationship. In terms of each individual variable, the study finds that while bank credit to the private sector and stock market capitalisation Granger cause GDP per capita, GDP per capita on the other hand, Granger causes broad money supply.
S.I. Yusifov, N.A. Ragimova, V.H. Abdullayev, Z.B. Imanova
JINAV: Journal of Information and Visualization, Volume 1, pp 74-82; doi:10.35877/454ri.jinav257

Abstract:
The article is dedicated to the study of 5G technology, the name of which we have heard a lot recently. This technology is one of the most talked about technologies of recent times. 5G has entered our lives as the latest and fastest version of mobile networks. Here's a look at how 5G technology came into our lives, how it has captured the attention of users, and finally, what they think about the technology. In addition, what areas are affected by this technology, in particular, its impact on the IoT field has been studied and key theoretical information has been provided.
Ritik Ranjan Gupta, Ravi Kumar Arya, Jatin Kumar, Tanay Shubham
JINAV: Journal of Information and Visualization, Volume 1, pp 93-93; doi:10.35877/454ri.jinav230

Abstract:
This paper was retracted by JINAV Journal on 03 February 2020. This paper was published in other journal (International Journal of Management and Humanities (IJMH), Volume 5 Issue 5, January 2021).
Uduakobong P. Akpabio, Pius U. Angioha, Chiamaka V. Egwuonwu, Esther B. Awusa, Magareth N. Ndiyo
JINAV: Journal of Information and Visualization, Volume 1, pp 83-92; doi:10.35877/454ri.jinav262

Abstract:
Maternal mortality remains unacceptably high despite both local and international programs carried at reducing the incidence. Nigeria suffers from 800 maternal death per 100,000 births. This study examines the extent to which cultural practices and quality of medical care determines maternal mortality in Calabar, Cross River State. Using the survey research design, data were collected from 400 women aged between 15 and 49 from Calabar using a self-developed structured questionnaire. The participants were selected using cluster and purposive sampling technique. Data collected from the field was analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analyses at 0.05 confidence level. Result from the analysis revealed that uncivilized cultural practices lead to high maternal mortality. 75.64 per cent of the participant reported cases of complications during birth in the hands of traditional birth attendants. cultural practices account for 49 per cent of the variation in maternal mortality. Also, result revealed that poor care delivery or quality of medical care leads to high maternal mortality. 54.14 per cent of the participants reported that the cost of medical care for a pregnant woman in the hospital is too expensive. 69.43 per cent reported there have been deaths as a result of lack of care in hospitals. Based on these findings There is need for the government and its health ministry to increase the number of primary health centres in the nation as well as strengthen this health centres to collect high-quality data to respond to the needs and priority of women and girls amongst others.
Nour El-Houda Haddig, Aicha Zerzour, Samir Derouiche
JINAV: Journal of Information and Visualization, Volume 1, pp 60-66; doi:10.35877/454ri.jinav255

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The aim of this review was to identify the role of calcium and oxidative stress as factors associated with osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. There are many diseases related to post-menstruation in women, the most important of which is osteoporosis. Calcium levels remains stable until menopause, when the bone resorption rate increases in association with the decrease in ovarian estrogen production that effect the intestinal calcium absorption. On the other hand, studies support that oxidative stress is directly involved in the genesis and development of osteoporosis. However, Oxidative stress blocks the activation of osteoblasts and activates the differentiation of osteoclasts which led to increased resorption rate without adequate and proper bone formation. In conclusion, Physiological changes in postmenopausal women lead to fluctuations in calcium metabolism and oxidative stress, which may lead to the occurrence or development of osteoporosis.
Madumere Humphrey Ikenna, Dickson Ben Uche, Agu Godswill Agu
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 105-121; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems252

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The purpose of this was to investigate the relationship between perceived service quality and customer loyalty in the road transport industry in Nigeria. Leveraging the RATER service quality model, only reliability, tangibles and responsiveness were explored. Participants were drawn from the customer base of organized road transport firms operating in the South East of Nigeria. Being a quantitative survey, results from 318 valid responses were analyzed with SPSS version 21. Findings indicate that the three constructs (reliability, tangibles, and responsiveness) are significant predictors of customer loyalty, with reliability having the greatest influence, followed by responsiveness and tangibles. The study recommends steady monitoring of service quality as a step towards customer loyalty in the highly competitive road transport industry in Nigeria.
Andreia De Bem Machado, Francisco Fialho
JINAV: Journal of Information and Visualization, Volume 1, pp 67-73; doi:10.35877/454ri.jinav254

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Communication between subjects is a challenge that is present in the different dimensions of society. In the educational context it is permeated by different technologies. With the pandemic of COVID-19, technological tools have been extended to several ways of learning, which was present in face-to-face teaching through non-face-to-face classes and also in distance education. Thus, new challenges in communicability between students, teachers and knowledge were present in this scenario. This research intends to share the experiences lived in the educational universe in the distance modality and also in the classes in non-presential regime.
Ansari Saleh Ahmar
JINAV: Journal of Information and Visualization, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.jinav303

Abstract:
Calculation errors in forecasting a data are very important from a forecasting process. The high level of forecasting accuracy will affect the level of confidence in forecasting decision making.
Yusniar Rasjid, Muqtakdir Nurfalaq, Moh. Mulyadi Prasetyo, Kamriana
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 115-118; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang308

Abstract:
Social Service in SMP Negeri 1 Bungoro, located in Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi. The problem of partners is that teachers still have difficulty planning and implementing Classroom Action Research. An alternative solution to the problem is to provide Classroom Action Research Training to the teachers of SMP Negeri 1 Bungoro, Pangkep Regency. The output target to be achieved is the skill of the teachers of SMP Negeri 1 Bungoro, Pangkep Regency in compiling a Classroom Action Research proposal so that it can improve the quality of learning. The method to be carried out is the presentation of material on classroom action research in PowerPoint displayed on the LCD. From the results of the activities that have been carried out, it is found that there is an increase in the ability of teachers in preparing Classroom Action Research Proposals
Madumere Humphrey Ikenna, Cletus I. Emeti, Agu Godswill Agu, Nwaizugbo Ireneus Chukwud
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 1-12; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems248

Abstract:
Basing on the RATER model of service quality, we explored the role service empathy and assurance in building road transport customers’ loyalty intention. Being a quantitative study, data from 318 valid responses, analyzed with simple regression analysis in SPSS 21.0, indicate that the two constructs – service empathy and service assurance are positive and significant predictors of customer loyalty. Further, with 82% and 78.8% variance explained for assurance and empathy respectively, results indicate that service assurance drives more customer loyalty than service empathy in the organized road transport industry in Nigeria. To attract and retain customers, operators in the industry must be service quality conscious.
Sari Purnavita, Sri Sutanti, Herman Yoseph Sriyana
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 55-62; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang205

Abstract:
The world of national education is required to be able to produce superior human resources, so that they are able to face all challenges that arise in the future. Referring to this, chemistry learning methods at the high school level need special attention. This is due to the lack of student interest in learning chemistry, because the learning is often carried out through a one-way process using the theoretical explanation method. This Community Service Program activity was carried out through workshop and training methods with practice-based chemistry learning. The training materials included liquid detergent, dish soap, and floor cleaner. The partner involved in this program was SMAN 15 Semarang. The implementation of this community service activity began with a material giving session, workshop session and training on household products manufacturing, and discussions. The results of the implementation of this community service activity can provide various benefits for the involved partner in the form of increased knowledge and understanding in the field of chemistry and motivation for entrepreneurship. Practice-based community service activities received a positive response from the partner involved in this program, so that this practice-based learning model would be applied in Chemistry learning at SMA N 15 Semarang. Abstrak Dunia pendidikan nasional harus mampu melahirkan Sumber Daya Manusia yang unggul, agar mampu menghadapi tantangan di masa depan. Salah satu metode pembelajaran yang perlu menjadi perhatian adalah pembelajaran kimia di tingkat Sekolah Menengah Atas. Pembelajaran kimia kurang diminati siswa karena pada umumnya hanya dilakukan secara satu arah dengan metode penjelasan teoritis. Kegiatan Program Pengabdian Masyarakat ini dilakukan melalui metode workshop dan pelatihan dengan pembelajaran kimia berbasis praktikum. Materi pelatihan yang diberikan meliputi detergen cair, sabun cuci piring, dan pembersih lantai. Sebagai mitra kegiatan adalah SMAN 15 Semarang Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat dilakukan mulai dari sesi pemberian materi, sesi workshop dan pelatihan pembuatan produk household, dan diskusi. Dari hasil kegiatan pengabdian pada masyarakat , mitra mendapatkan manfaat berupa bertambahnya ilmu dan pemahaman dalam bidang kimia serta termotivasi untuk melakukan wirausaha. Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat yang berbasis praktikum mendapat respon positif dari mitra sehingga model pembelajaran berbasis praktikum akan diterapkan dalam pembelajaran Kimia di SMA N 15 Semarang.
R. Rusli, Suradi Tahmir, Fajar Arwadi, H. Hastuty
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 63-70; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang206

Abstract:
The application of fast calculation techniques in supporting the learning mathematics in this training activity aimed to increase the understanding of elementary school mathematics teachers about the fast calculation method that can be applied in basic algebraic calculation. The implementation of this activity was expected to improve the quality of Elementary School Mathematics education in Takalar Regency. This training used demonstration and question-and-answer methods about the fast calculation technique performed by elementary school teachers in Takalar Regency. The implementation of this activity began with observations and interviews with the Head of the Teacher and Education Personnel Division at the Takalar Regency Education Office. This activity was carried out by Syncronouse Online using the Zoom meeting application due to the Covid-19 Pandemic. There were 33 participants who attended the training. Based on the results of a questionnaire on the teacher’s perceptions about the use of fast calculation techniques, all teachers find this technique helpful. Therefore, the teachers will use this technique in teaching arithmetic to their students. Abstrak Penerapan teknik berhitung cepat sebagai penunjang pembelajaran Matematika dalam Kegiatan pelatihan ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pemahaman guru- guru matematika sekolah dasar akan sebuah metode berhitung cepat yang dapat diterapkan dalam operasi dasar berhitung aljabar. Target khusus yang ingin dicapai dalam kegiatan ini adalah meningkatnya mutu pendidikan Matematika Sekolah Dasar di Kabupaten Takalar. Metode yang digunakan dalam pelaksanaan pelatihan ini berupa metode demonstrasi dan tanya jawab tentang teknik berhitung cepat yang dilakukan oleh guru-guru sekolah dasar Se-Kabupaten Takalar. Adapun kegiatan ini dimulai dengan observasi dan wawancara dengan kepala bidang guru dan tenaga kependidikan Dinas Pendidikan Kabupaten Takalar. Kegiatan ini dilaksanakan secara Daring Syncronouse menggunakan aplikasi meeting Zoom dikarenakan wabah Pandemi Covid – 19 masih mengganas. Peserta yang hadir saat pelaksanaan pelatihan sebanyak 33 orang. Hasil angket persepsi guru tentang penggunaan teknik berhitung cepat semua guru-guru merasa senang dengan kemampuan ini, demikian pula bahwa guru-guru akan memanfaatkan teknik ini dalam membelajarkan berhitung bagi murid-muridnya.
Ulfa Pauziah, Dewi Mustari, Triyani Akhirina
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 95-98; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang236

Abstract:
The development of technology in modern times today encourages every aspect of work to be done through the computerization, with the aim to facilitate the processing of data. In addition, by the application of technology, the time and place for data storage will be more efficient, resulting in accurate and accurate residents’ data, and can be conveyed properly to those in need. Manual data processing is considered less effective in processing and calculating the large data, and this can result in the data loss. These undesirable mistakes will be very detrimental to the development of residents’ data contained in RT 04, Kalisuren. By the presence of the data collection application for the residents in RT 04, Kalisuren, the data collection process for both births and deaths that occurred in RT 04 Kalisuren can be carried out properly. Abstrak Teknologi yang semakin berkembang mendorong setiap aspek untuk merubah pekerjaan yang tadinya dikerjakan secara manual menjadi komputerisasi. Dengan tujuan mepermudah dalam proses pengelohan data. Selain itu dengan adanya aplikasi dapat mengefisienkan waktu dan tempat penyimpanan data. Oleh karena itu untuk menghasilkan data warga yang tepat dan akurat, agar dapat disampaikan dengan baik kepada yang membutuhkan. Pengolahan data secara manual bukanlah suatu hal yang salah, namun cara tersebut kurang efektif untuk melakukan pengolahan dan perhitungan data yang besar, dan hal ini dapat mengakibatkan terjadinya kehilangan data. Kesalahan-kesalahan yang tidak diinginkan itu akan sangat merugikan untuk perkembangan pedataan warga yang terdapat pada RT 04 Kalisuren. Dengan adanya aplikasi pendataan warga RT 04 kalisuren dapat membantu RT dalam proses pendataan baik kelahiran ataupun kematian yng terjadi di RT 04 Kalisuren.
Marlya Fatira Ak, S. Suadi, Eli Safrida, Rihat Sebayang, N. Nurlinda
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 71-78; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang207

Abstract:
This article about efforts to increase the production of Sumedang Tofu as the small and micro business through the Supply of Equipment and Business Assistance. These programs do to increase the production of Sumedang tofu according to market needs. These programs expected that business owners understand how to make simple financial statements understand about healthy and safe ways to dispose of business waste, able to see business opportunities from the management of business waste know for future business development, Provide brand signs to introduce business to the wider community. The method used in this community service program is collecting data/information about prospective partners through surveys and interviews. The information is analyzed descriptively, implemented, and carried out an evaluation of the community service program as a whole to see compliance with the output target. The results show that the customer order service is able to be produced with tofu grinding machines with a capacity of 50 kg/hour, limited production equipment can be overcome with the engine the problem of recording business financial statements has now been able to be separated and carried out in accordance with the material that was submitted during the training for recording simple financial statements. Abstrak Artikel ini membahas tentang upaya peningkatan produksi tahu sumedang sebagai Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (UKM) melalui penyediaan alat dan bantuan usaha. Program ini dilakukan untuk meningkatkan produksi tahu Sumedang sesuai kebutuhan pasar. Melalui program ini diharapkan para pelaku usaha memahami bagaimana membuat laporan keuangan yang sederhana, memahami tentang cara-cara yang sehat dan aman untuk membuang sampah usaha, mampu melihat peluang usaha dari pengelolaan sampah usaha tahu untuk pengembangan usaha kedepannya, Memberikan rambu merek untuk memperkenalkan usaha kepada masyarakat luas. Metode yang digunakan dalam program pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah pengumpulan data / informasi tentang calon mitra melalui survei dan wawancara. Informasi tersebut dianalisis secara deskriptif, dilaksanakan dan dilakukan evaluasi program pengabdian kepada masyarakat secara keseluruhan untuk melihat kesesuaian dengan target keluaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa customer order service mampu diproduksi dengan mesin gerinda tahu berkapasitas 50 kg/jam, terbatasnya alat produksi dapat diatasi dengan mesin permasalahan pencatatan laporan keuangan usaha kini sudah dapat dipisahkan dan dilaksanakan sesuai dengan materi yang disampaikan selama pelatihan pencatatan laporan keuangan sederhana.
Dewi Anjani, Desi Novianti, Retna Ningsih
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 99-103; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang234

Abstract:
Educators at Elementary School of Pal Merah 19, West Jakarta have used computer technology to access information, both for teaching and personal needs. The information obtained is usually stored by means of flash storage media. Flash data storage media is a tool used to store data or programs where the stored data can be read back to be processed by a computer. However, this medium is prone to the data loss, and the limitations of educators regarding to the data recovery and data recovery information require the teachers to have one or more flashdisk to solve this problem. To overcome this problem, community service activities were held which introduced and provided Training on Data Rescue and Repair on Flashdisk Storage to Elementary School Teachers of Palmerah 19, West Jakarta, so that they could store and repair the data on flashdisk independently, by using the software knowns as Recuva. Abstrak Pendidik pada Sekolah Dasar 19 Palmerah, Jakarta Barat telah memanfaatkan teknologi komputer untuk mengakses informasi, baik untuk kebutuhan mengajar ataupun kebutuhan pribadi. Informasi yang di perolah biasanya disimpan menggunakan media penyimpanan flashdisk. Media penyimpan data flashdisk adalah alat yang digunakan untuk menyimpan data atau program dimana data yang disimpan tersebut dapat dibaca kembali untuk diproses oleh komputer. Namun media ini rentan terhadap kehilangan data, dan keterbatasan pendidik tentang informasi penyelamatan data dan perbaikan data, membuat harus memiliki satu atau lebih falshdisk untuk mengatasi masalah ini. Untuk memecahkan masalah tersebut, maka diadakan sebuah kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang memperkenalkan dan pemberian Pelatihan Penyelamatan dan Perbaikan Data pada Penyimpanan Flashdisk kepada para Guru Sekolah Dasar 19 Palmerah, Jakarta Barat, sehingga dapat melakukan penyimpanan dan perbaikan data pada flashdisk secara mandiri, software yang digunakan adalah Recuva.
Hardian Mursito, Aulia Ar Rakhman Awaludin, Theresia Evy Yulianti Nedeak
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 104-109; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang235

Abstract:
In general, the residents of RT 004 RW 03 have a level of education at the junior and senior high school levels. This is due to the economic factors and the absence of encouragement from parents for their children to continue their education to a higher level. Moreover, women who do not continue their education at school are unemployed or decide to become housewives, because they do not have the skills to live independently. Most of the mothers are only housewives who only take care of their children and husbands. This condition cannot improve the economic condition of the family that is not fixed and coupled with the high economic burden that requires each family to be able to think creatively in order to survive amid the economic pressure. The objectives of this community service activity included: Assisting women’s group of Family Welfare and Empowerment in the formation of business groups, assisting women’s group of Family Welfare and Empowerment on how to utilize and cultivate the broiler rabbits as a small entrepreneur. The implementation of this training activity was expected to help in fostering an entrepreneurial spirit in rabbit cultivation for underprivileged people through the formation of a small business group of women of Family Welfare and Empowerment and in the form of published scientific articles. Abstrak Warga masyarakat yang berada di RT 004 RW 03 pada umumnya adalah lulusan SMP dan SMU. Hal tersebut disebabkan oleh faktor ekonomi dan tidak adanya dorongan dari orang tua agar anak-anak mereka melanjutkan pendidikan ke jenjang yang lebih tinggi. Terlebih anak perempuan yang tidak melanjutkan sekolah akhirnya menganggur atau hidup berumah tangga, karena mereka tidak mempunyai bekal keterampilan untuk bisa hidup mandiri. Sebagian besar ibu-ibu hanya sebagai ibu rumah tangga yang hanya mengurusi anak dan suaminya. Kondisi ini tidak dapat memperbaiki kondisi ekonomi keluarga, penghasilan yang tidak tetap dan ditambah beban ekonomi yang tinggi menuntut setiap keluarga untuk dapat berfikir kreatif agar dapat bertahan hidup ditengah himpitan ekonomi. Tujuan dari kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini antara lain: Membantu Ibu PKK dalam pembentukan kelompok usaha yang harus dibentuk, membantu Ibu PKK dalam cara pemanfaatan dan pengolahan kelinci pedaging sebagai wirusaha kecil. Diharapkan setelah kegiatan pelatihan ini dilaksanakan menumbuhkan semangat berwirausaha budidaya kelinci bagi masyarakat prasejahtera melalui pembentukan kelompok usaha kecil ibu PKK dan berupa luaran artikel ilmiah yang dipublikasikan.
Ahmad Suryadi, Novrita Mulya Rosa, Reko Syarif Hidayatullah
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 110-114; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang233

Abstract:
Information technology not only affects an information system, but also affects everyday life. These influences include lifestyles that begin to change along with the growth of information technology products. One of the information technologies applied in the marketing world is the application of popular e-commerce based marketing media. The problem found at Binakheir Kindergarten was that the income of teachers and staff was still insufficient to meet their daily needs. Referring to this matter, the enthusiasm in carrying out tasks was reduced. The next problem encountered was that teachers do not understand and do not have any skill in creating and managing an online store. This community service activity was carried out with the aim of increasing knowledge and improving teachers’ skills in entrepreneurship and utilizing e-commerce as a medium for marketing the products they sell. The preparation stages applied in this activity consisted of partner surveys, licensing and material preparation. While the implementation stage of this activity included the socialization method of program introduction presentations, discussions and the practice of creating and managing an online store. The evaluation stage of this activity aimed to determine the ability of partners before and after the training. The results of this conducted activity indicated that there was an interest in entrepreneurship that arises from partners and an increase in partners’ knowledge and skills in creating and managing online stores. Abstrak Teknologi Informasi tidak hanya mempengaruhi sebuah system informasi, namun memiliki pengaruh dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, gaya hidup mulai berubah seiring dengan pertumbuhan produk-produk teknologi informasi yang semakon berkembang. Impementasi teknologi informasi dalam dunia pemasaran, salahsatunya melalui penerapan media pemasaran berbasis e-commerce popular. Permasalahan yang ditemukan di Pra TK / TK Binakheir yaitu penghasilan para guru dan staf yang belum cukup untuk memenuhi kebutuhan keseharian mereka. Hal ini menyebabkan berkurangnya semangat dalam menjalankan tugas. Permasalahan berikutnya adalah guru belum memahami dan memiliki ketrampilan dalam pembuatan dan pengoperasionalan toko online. Tujuan kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah untuk menambah pengetahuan dan meningkatkan ketrampilan guru dalam berwirausaha dan memanfaatkan e-commerce sebagai media pemasaran produk yang mereka jual. Tahap persiapan terdiri dari survey ke mitra, perijinan dan penyiapan meteri Tahap pelaksanaan menggunakan metode sosialisasi presentasi pengenalan program, diskusi dan praktik pembuatan dan pengoperasionalan toko online. Tahap Evaluasi kegiatan bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemampuan mitra sebelum dan sesudah pelatihan. Hasil dari kegiatan adalah timbulnya minat berwirausaha dari mitra dan erjadinya peningkatan pengetahuan dan keterampilan mitra membuat dan mengelola toko online.
Irvandi Gorby Pasangka, Jusrry Rosalina Pahnael, Ganesha Lapenangga Putra, Yoseph Sugi
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 85-94; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang228

Abstract:
Mathematics is a basic science that need to be learned at the levels of elementary school, middle school and high school and even at the tertiary level. However, there are still many students who have difficulty in learning mathematics, this is evidenced by their low test scores, one of which is the mathematics test scores. Regarding to these problems, an activity was carried out with the aim of assisting students in understanding mathematics, specifically algebraic and geometric materials for junior high school students, by providing material as attractive as possible so that students become interested and motivated in learning mathematics. The provision of material was carried out in 3 sessions, namely: 1) Delivering algebraic material through mathmagic, 2) Delivering geometric material through animation, 3) Providing motivation about the importance of learning mathematics. Based on the results of this implementation, it can be found that the participants are able to understand and enjoy the learning process with the material presented by the teacher, this can be seen from the activities of the participants during the activity. Abstrak Matematika merupakan ilmu dasar yang wajib kita pelajari di tingkat SD, SMP, SMA bahkan perguruan tinggi, namun pada kenyataannya, siswa-siswi masih sulit dalam mempelajari matematika, ini dibuktikan dari rendahnya nilai ujian mereka, salah satunya nilai ujian nasional matematika. Berdasarkan masalah ini, kegiatan ini ditujukan untuk membantu siswa-siswi dalam memahami matematika khususnya materi aljabar dan geometri untuk siswa-siswi SMP, yaitu dengan cara memberikan materi semenarik mungkin sehingga para siswa menjadi suka dan termotivasi dalam belajar matematika. Pemberian materi dilakukan dalam 3 sesi yaitu: 1) Pemberian materi aljabar melalui mathmagic, 2) Pemberian materi geometri melalui animasi, 3) Pemberian motivasi tentang pentingnya belajar matematika. Berdasarkan hasil pelaksanaan yang dilakukan, dapat diketahui bahwa para peserta dapat menangkap dan menikmati proses pemberian materi yang diberikan, hal ini terlihat dari keaktifan para peserta selama kegiatan.
Irma Yunawati, Siti Rabbani Karimuna, L. Lisnawaty, J. Jafriati, Dewi Silvia, Meita Sekar Sari, Nur Salma, R. Rosidah, Yunita Anjani
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 79-84; doi:10.35877/454ri.mattawang171

Abstract:
Hypertension is a disease that is often found in primary health care. Hypertension can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. One way to prevent hypertension can be done through providing health education, particularly for people who are at risk of developing hypertension. This community service aimed to carry out early detection and increase the knowledge and awareness of the Talia coastal community about hypertension. This community service was carried out in April 2019 with the target of the Talia coastal community. The community service team came from the Faculty of Public Health, Halu Oleo University, which has expertise in the fields of nutrition and public health. This activity consisted of several stages, including the preparation stage which included community surveys, administrative and licensing arrangements, preparation of extension media in the form of leaflets and lecture materials, as well as preparing the tools used for blood pressure examinations, while the implementation stage included counseling in the form of lectures and leaflet distribution on hypertension and blood pressure examinations to the target community. Based on the results of observation, this activity was qualitatively considered successful even though it was still not optimal. Indicators of success can be shown through the ease of licensing and assistance from the Head of Talia Village, the target community who obtained knowledge about early prevention and proper control of hypertension, the community who found out their respective blood pressure, so they can be more aware of the importance of a healthy and balanced life and will regularly to check their blood pressure, and always actively participate until the end of the event. Abstrak Hipertensi merupakan penyakit yang sering ditemukan pada pelayanan kesehatan primer. Hipertensi dapat meningkatkan risiko terjadinya penyakit kardiovaskular. Salah satu cara pencegahan hipertensi yaitu melalui pendidikan kesehatan terutama pada masyarakat berisiko. Tujuan pengabdian masyarakat ini yaitu melakukan deteksi dini serta meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kesadaran masyarakat pesisir Talia tentang hipertensi. Pengabdian masyarakat ini dilakukan pada bulan April 2019 dengan sasaran masyarakat pesisir Talia. Tim pengabdian berasal dari Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Halu Oleo yang memiliki kepakaran di bidang gizi dan kesehatan masyarakat. Kegiatan ini terdiri dari tahap persiapan meliputi survey masyarakat, pengurusan administrasi dan perizinan, penyusunan media penyuluhan dalam bentuk leaflet dan materi ceramah, serta persiapan alat yang digunakan untuk pemeriksaan tekanan darah, sedangkan tahap pelaksanaan meliputi penyuluhan dalam bentuk ceramah dan pembagian leaflet tentang hipertensi serta pemeriksaan tekanan darah kepada masyarakat sasaran. Berdasarkan pengamatan, secara kualitatif kegiatan ini dapat dikatakan berhasil meski belum maksimal. Indikator keberhasilan dapat ditunjukkan melalui kemudahan perizinan dan bantuan dari Lurah Talia, masyarakat sasaran mendapatkan pengetahuan tentang upaya pencegahan dini dan pengendalian yang tepat terhadap hipertensi, masyarakat sasaran mengetahui tekanan darah masing-masing, sehingga ke depannya dapat lebih menyadari pentingnya hidup sehat bergizi seimbang dan rutin memeriksakan tekanan darah, serta keterlibatan peserta secara aktif sampai akhir acara.
Mamay Komarudin, Naufal Affandi
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 411-425; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems201

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the influences of technical variables, which consist of the stock price and the Total Volume Activity (TVA), as well as fundamental variables, which consist of the Price Book Value (PBV) and the Debt to Equity Ratio (DER) on the investment decisions and the company value measured by using the PER of some companies of agricultural sector listed in the Indonesian Stock Exchange. Path analysis is used as the data analysis method. The research results show that one of the technical factors that significantly influences the investment decision and the company value is the stock price. Meanwhile, one of the fundamental factors that influences the investment decision and the company value is the PBV. The hypothesis testing showing that the stock price factor and the PBV factor have positive effects on the value of agricultural sector company is proven or accepted. On the other hand, the other variables, according to theorema trimming, are proved to be not includable in the path calculation if the path is proved to be insignificant, in this case the DER and the trading volume variable
Raghu Bir Bista, Priyanka Basnet
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems223

Abstract:
This paper examines determinants of bank liquidity of the commercial bank in Nepal based on 12 years long time series data base from 2004 to 2015, employing the econometric model. As a result, the bank liquidity of the commercial bank has fluctuation and instable trend line indicating the risk of liquidity crunch. Similarly, deposit, capital adequacy, remittance and bank size are determinants of bank liquidity of the commercial bank out of which deposit is prevalent to increase bank liquidity and capital adequacy is key to decrease it. In long term, capital adequacy, bank size and government expenditure increase bank liquidity of the commercial bank but deposit decreases it. Thus, internal variables influence bank liquidity more than macroeconomic variables. Therefore, the commercial banks should maintain bank liquidity in short period and in long period for achievement of financial health, stability and growth as per mention regulatory provisions and criteria of the monetary policy and the monetary policy should be formulated to maintain short and long term bank liquidity in accordance with IMF standards and guidelines for reducing the potential risk of liquidity crunch as result of the variation of macro-economic variables and of international global trade and oil price and production.
Yu Hsing, Yun-Chen Morgan, Antoinette S. Phillips, Carl Phillips
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems224

Abstract:
This paper finds that more internet users as a percentage of total population promote economic growth in Mexico and that the impact exhibited a nonlinear relation and was greater in the initial stage of Internet adoption. In addition, less government budget deficit as a percent of GDP, a higher real stock price, real peso appreciation, a higher real crude oil price or a lower expected inflation rate would enhance economic growth.
Muhammad Afzal, Shoaib Ahmad
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 426-434; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems222

Abstract:
This paper examined the relationship between FDI, imports, exports, terms of trade and investment in Pakistan for the period 1990-2015. Results show that an increase in all these factors will contribute significantly to FDI flows that may help the Pakistan’s economy. FDI has negative and significant impact on GDP. Exports have an insignificant effect that may imply that historically economy had led exports more than the exports led the economy. More important fact is that world economic conditions play a crucial role in the macroeconomic performance. When these conditions are favorable, not only the economy but also the trade grow. Though global financial crisis did not seriously affect Pakistan’s economy, Pakistan faced multifaceted challenges on external and internal fronts notably fight against extremism, energy crisis and uncertain external inflows. There is a need to pay more attention to domestic situation than to look abroad for financial assistance since FDI is not an unmixed blessing.
Abdelkader Derbali, Hany A Saleh
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 399-410; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems220

Abstract:
In recent years, companies' actions towards factors of production have multiplied. The human dimension is increasingly present in decisions and companies feel socially responsible. The sustainability of companies necessarily requires limiting the negative environmental effects because of these production activities. Ethical finance in general, whether Islamic or not, is a growing demand on the part of consumers and states. The aim of this paper is to assess the risk of two ethically responsible indices such as S&P500 Shariah index and S&P500 Environment and Socially Responsible index. In this paper, we will conduct a comparative study of market risk on two ethically responsible indices: the Islamic Index of the Shariah (S&P500 Shariah index) and the S&P500 Environment and Socially Responsible index during the period from 30/09/2010 to 21/09/2018. The evolution of the market will be represented by the general index of the S&P500. To do this, we use different approaches to value at risk such as VaR parametric approach, VaR non-parametric approach and the Theory of Extreme Values approach. Our results show that, on the one hand, the S&P500 Environment and Socially Responsible index is less risky than the S&P500 Shariah index and the S&P500 index. On the other hand, the S&P500 Shariah index is at low risk when yields are extreme. We conclude that the S&P500 Environment and Socially Responsible index is less risky than the Shariah S&P500 Index when you consider that yields are moving under normal market conditions.
Evans Yeboah, Rose Gyamea Kyeremeh
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems219

Abstract:
Coronavirus outbreak has brought significant negative impacts on developed and developing economies with Ghana, not an exemption. This pandemic has slow down economic activities across the globe through unplanned budget expenditures by various government. There is an increasing pressure on many governments to directed tremendous capital resource to stop the outbreak. The perspective of this paper is to provide, update, and inform concerning Covid-19 situation in Ghana, and also look at government expenditure on this pandemic and economic impact. This study employed the quantitative method which promotes the analysis of secondary sources of data. The study captured some of economic and livelihood programme implemented by the government of Ghana to support the most vulnerable persons. With Ghana currently having low active Covid-19 confirmed cases proves that the government has done well to control the spread of the virus.
Stabania Chowdhury, Rahul Kar
JINAV: Journal of Information and Visualization, Volume 1, pp 53-59; doi:10.35877/454ri.jinav215

Abstract:
Fuzzy logic systems have found extensive use in system identification, decision making, and pattern recognition problems from industries to academics. The membership functions play a pivotal role in overall role in fuzzy representation, as these are considered as the building blocks of fuzzy set theory and they decide the degree of truth in fuzzy logic. The extraction of the membership function is ambience dependent and thus complication exists in the process of evaluation. In this assessment the main work deals with the derivation of fuzzy membership function where numerical data is available. The numerical cubic spline and defuzzification technique are used here. In this paper we mainly used triangular fuzzy number to construct the membership function. A case study is furnished to emphasize the advantage of adopting the method.
Rashesh Vaidya
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems197

Abstract:
There are two types of analysis done for a stock market. One is fundamental analysis, where an investor looks at an intrinsic value of the stock, and another is technical analysis, where investors determine the future trend of the market looking at the current pattern or trend of the market. This paper is focused on one of the technical analysis tools, i.e., Moving Average Convergence-Divergence. It is a tool based on the three exponential moving average (9-12-26 EMA Rule). The MACD analysis, with the help of a single line, was helpful to find out the exact bullish and the bearish trend of the Nepse. A signal line is a benchmark to determine the stock market moving either to a bullish or bearish trend. It can help an investor, where the market is going in a direction. A market convergence, divergence, and crossover were better identified with the help of the MACD histogram. The paper found that the Nepse return was stable for a very minimal period from 1998-99 to 2019-20. The shift from the bullish to bearish or vice-verse were seen easily identified with the help of a MACD histogram. Finally, a better-combined knowledge of moving average and candlestick chart analysis will help an investor, to put a clear picture of a market trend with the help of MACD analysis.
Dahir Abdi Ali, Muhammad Sani
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3; doi:10.35877/454ri.asci142

Abstract:
Somalia has recorded the first confirmed Covid-19 case and first death case on March 16, and April 08, 2020, respectively. Since its arrival, it had infected 2,603 people and took the lives of 88 people while 577 patients were recovered as of 14 June, 2020. To fight this pandemic, the government requires to make the necessary plans accordingly. To plan effectively, the government needs to answer this question: what will be the effect of Covid-19 cases in the country? To answer this question accurately and objectively, forecasting the spread of confirmed Covid-19 cases will be vital. To this regard, this paper provides real times forecasts of Covid-19 cases employing Holt's linear trend model without seasonality. Provided that the data employed is accurate and the past pattern of the disease will continue in the future, this model is powerful to produce real time forecasts in the future with some degree of uncertainty. With the help of these forecasts, the government can make evidence based decisions by utilizing the scarce resource available at its disposal.
Sigit Prabowo
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 319-325; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems210

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an influence between DPR, NPM, and ROA on company profit growth. The population used is coal mining companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange, consisting of 17 companies with 3 periods, namely 2017-2019. The sampling technique is done by means of saturated samples or census samples, in which the entire population is used as the sample. The data in this study are secondary data. Data analysis used multiple linear regression using SPSS. Tests were carried out using a significance level of 0.05. The results of the partial DPR research show a regression coefficient of 0.073 (positive) with a sig value (0.999), meaning that it has a positive and insignificant effect on profit growth. The results of the research in partial NPM show a regression coefficient of 447.313 (positive) with a sig value (0.000) which means that it has a significant positive effect on profit growth and the results of the research in partially ROA show a regression coefficient of 340.076 (positive) with a sig value (0.007) which means that it has a significant positive effect. on profit growth.
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