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Ria Retno
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku571

Abstract:
Cara budidaya ikan yang baik (CBIB) adalah cara memelihara dan/atau membesar kan ikan serta memanen hasilnya dalam lingkungan yang terkontrol shg memberikan jaminan keamanan pangan dari pembudidayaan dengan memperhatikan sanitasi, obat ikan, pakan dan bahan kimia serta biologis. Sosialisasi CBIB bertujuan agar masyarakat pembudidaya ikan di Desa Tanjung Seri Kabupaten Batu Bara dapat memanajemen budidaya ikan dengan baik, terkhususnya budidaya ikan lele dengan cara terkontrol dengan memperhatikan sanitasi, obat ikan, pakan dan bahan kimia serta biologis. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode presentasi. Sosialisasi tentang cara budidaya ikan yang baik ini sangat bermanfaat terhadap kelompok pembudidaya ikan, hal ini terbukti dari semangat warga yang cukup antusias dalam mengikuti sosialisasi mulai dari awal sampai akhir.
Am Mufarrih, Utsman Syah Amrullah, Zakki Fuadi Emzain, Nanang Qosim
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 19-24; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku561

Abstract:
Desa Sukodono merupakan satu dari desa di kecamatan Karangrejo yang penduduknya rata-rata berprofesi sebagai petani, pedagang, sopir, usaha gantungan baju dan lain-lain. Desa ini terkenal dengan banyaknya industri rumahan pengelasan dan produksi gantungan baju. Sedangkan UD. Buana Putra Sumber Rizki bergerak dalam bidang pembuatan gantungan baju. Tetapi dengan banyaknya kompetitor menjadikan sepinya konsumen. Minimnya pengetahuan manajemen usaha, kurangnya modal dan sulitnya mengakses dana bantuan modal usaha, menjadikan ukm ini tidak bisa berkembang. Tujuan PPM ini adalah untuk mempermudah dan mempercepat produksi gantungan baju dengan cara memberikan seperangkat homemade hanger tool. Luaran program PPM yang diharapkan adalah pelatihan pengoperasian homemade hanger tool, sehingga dapat meningkatkan kapasitas produksi dan penjualan. Hal ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kesejahteraan para mitra dan masyarakat. Tahapan pelaksanaan kegiatan PPM ini adalah suvei lapangan, pembuatan alat, pelatihan penggunaan alat, serta serah terima alat alat kepada mitra. Hasil evaluasi kegiatan menunjukkan bahwa perangkat homemade hanger tool dapat berfungsi dengan baik, mitra PPM mampu mengoperasikan homemade hanger tool dengan baik, serta produksi gantungan baju bisa meningkat.
Erma Retnaningtyas, Retno Palupi Yonni Siwi, Anggrawati Wulandari, Reski Fauzianty, Lilik Muflikah, Adela Putri, Eti Suharti, Sri Wahyuni
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 14-18; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku544

Abstract:
Anemia dalam kehamilan adalah kondisi ibu dengan kadar haemoglobin <11 gr% pada trimester I dan II, sedangkan pada trimester II kadar haemoglobin ibu hamil <10.5 gr%. Ibu hamil yang mengalami anemia beresiko menjalani persalinan yang abnormal dan kecenderungan pendarahan yang berdampak pada morbiditas dan mortalitas pada ibu dan bayi. Tujuan pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah untuk Meningkatkan pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang Anemia kehamilan. Kegiatan ini dilakukan dengan memberikan penyuluhan dengan leaflet kepada ibu hamil tentang anemia kehamilan dengan memberikan pre tes sebelum penyuluhan dan post tes sesudah penyuluhan. Penyuluhan ini dilaksanakan di Aula Desa Kota besi Hilir Kalimantan Tengah yang diikuti oleh 15 ibu hamil dengan menjalankan Protokol Kesehatan Covid 19. Hasil penyuluhan didapatkan Sebelum diberikan penyuluhan sebanyak 4 peserta (27%) dengan pengetahuan Baik dan setelah kegiatan terdapat peningkatan menjadi 12 peserta (80%) dengan penegtahuan Baik. Diharapkan untuk penyuluhan selanjutnya di fokuskan tentang Macam-macam anemia pada Ibu Hamil.
Rosnaini Daga, Karta Negara Salam
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 7-13; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku522

Abstract:
Pandemi COVID-19 di Indonesia pertama kali dideteksi pada tanggal 2 Maret 2020, ketika dua orang terkonfirmasi tertular dari seorang warga negara Jepang. Pada tanggal 9 April, pandemi sudah menyebar ke 34 provinsi dengan DKI Jakarta, Jawa Barat dan Jawa Tengah. Hingga 30 Juli 2021, Indonesia telah melaporkan 3.372.374 kasus positif menempati peringkat pertama terbanyak di Asia Tenggara. Dalam hal angka kematian, Indonesia menempati peringkat ketiga terbanyak di Asia dengan 92.311 kematian. Di tengah situasi pandemi seperti ini tentunya telah menimbulkan dampak yang sangat besar terhadap seluruh aspek, utamanya dalam aspek perekonomian. Komunitas Gebug Jum’at di Kota Makassar memiliki salah satu program yang bernama Jumat Berkah dimana kegiatan dilaksanakan setiap hari jumat berupa pembagian makanan baik itu makanan berat maupun makanan ringan kepada warga di Kota Makassar dengan tujuan sedekah dan menyambung silaturahmi antar warga setempat yang notabenenya warga menengah ke bawah karena kegiatan dilakukan secara bersama-sama.
Michael O. Etan, Attah Frank M., Kenneth B. Bisong, Pius U. Angioha, Thelma A. Abang, Depoe Akande
ARRUS Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 1, pp 55-63; https://doi.org/10.35877/soshum510

Abstract:
This study attempts to examine the extent to which school-related variables such as teacher's quality, classroom ergonometric affects the Quality Leaning Outcome of senior secondary school students. The study was a survey research design. Data was collected from 385 senior secondary school students of government-operated secondary schools in Calabar, Cross River state, using a structured questionnaire. The purposive sampling technique was used in selecting the samples from the study area. Collected data were screened and checked for errors. The data was then analysed using descriptive and parametric statistics at 0.05 significant level. Out of the 385-instrument distributed, 376 was returned and used for analysis. From the interpreted data, the result revealed that high teacher quality statistically significantly differs from low teachers' quality in terms of Quality Leaning Outcome of secondary school students. This result is because the calculated t-value of t (374) = 3.57 was higher than the critical t-value of 1.96 at p < .05. This result means that the high quality of teachers affects student academic outcome. Also, the result revealed that classroom ergonometric significantly relates to quality of academic outcome. Because the calculated r-value of 0.170* is greater than the critical r-value of 0.098 at 0.05 level of significance with 374 degrees of freedom. With these results, we can conclude that school-related variables significantly relate to quality academic outcome. Hence, there is a need for improvement in school variables in schools in the study area.
Supriyono
ARRUS Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 1, pp 64-74; https://doi.org/10.35877/soshum577

Abstract:
Women in male domination and at the same time defends men with the dominance they have. This shows that there is an ambiguous attitude of a woman in responding to the discourse of male domination, injustice in the role of women and affirming women's resistance to male domination. From this, the main problem is the subject's response in dealing with the discourse of male domination through women's resistance strategies through participation in society. The concept or theory and research method used is hegemony. The results obtained are the idea of equality in education being used as a resistance strategy in the discourse of male domination and at the same time strengthening women's resistance to male domination. In addition, the strategy also developed the idea of women's strength based on educational equality, namely through access to higher education
Genelyn Baluyos, Ariel R. Clarin Baluyos
EduLine: Journal of Education and Learning Innovation, Volume 1, pp 99-117; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.eduline542

Abstract:
The abrupt shift to online distance education as a result of COVID-19 pademic resulted to the diversification of teaching modalities and pedagogies. This study explored the lived experiences of instructors in online teaching during the SY 2020-2021 using Van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological design. Purposive sampling was used to select the twenty-five participants for the study. In-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with all the participants to gather information from the teachers. Data analysis was employed using the six components of hermeneutic phenomenological design and with the aid of NVivo software. Results revealed that the instructors’ experiences in online teaching were identified in five themes: preparation of learning materials, realization of learning outcomes, stability of internet connection, availability of technological resources, and difficulty in the conduct of assessment activities. The instructors encountered positive and negative experiences in online teaching. Online teaching enhancement program is recommended in this study.
Inayanti Fatwa, Hariani Harjuna
EduLine: Journal of Education and Learning Innovation, Volume 1, pp 84-89; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.eduline545

Abstract:
The objective of this research is to determine the increase of mathematics student achievement with applying of the cooperative learning model of statistical material. This research is classroom action research (CAR) where the research subjects are students of grade XII MIPA 1 SMAN 8 Takalar as many as 33 students which were carried out in the even semester of the 2019/2020 school year. From the results of the study, it can be seen the percentage of classical completeness from the initial test (pre-test), cycle I, and cycle II. In the initial test before getting treatment using cooperative learning model, the average score of the student achievement test reached 60.21. Furthermore, after getting treatment, the learning outcomes test in the first cycle increased to 71.39, then there was an increase again in the second cycle to 78.12. Likewise, the achievement of the minimum completeness criteria (KKM) which is 72, namely the number of students who achieve the KKM score on the initial test is 14 students or 42.42%, in the first cycle it increases to 20 students or 60.60%, while in the second cycle, an increase of 26 students or 78.78%. So it can be concluded that there is an increase in student achievement seen from the test and the student achievement of KKM scores which increase significantly. while in the second cycle, an increase of 26 students or 78.78%. So it can be concluded that there is an increase in student achievement seen from the test and the achievement of KKM scores which increase significantly.
Gabriel T. Galleposo
EduLine: Journal of Education and Learning Innovation, Volume 1, pp 90-98; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.eduline461

Abstract:
There is a limited number of studies on why people, specifically teachers, can immediately cope with health and security crisis, and continue to live their lives as normally as those who have not experienced such events in their lives, hence, the necessity to conduct this study. It explored the factors that influenced their coping mechanisms through exploratory sequential mixed method, involving respondents from seven schools district of Zamboanga Sibugay Division and from one school district of Lanao del Sur. The qualitative data gathered from 10 respondents through face-to-face interview and focused group discussion arrived at the factors that influenced the inherent coping mechanisms, namely: family, faith, profession, alliance, self-reliance, and service. The quantitative data gathered from 131 respondents through a researcher-made survey instrument were subjected to Pearson coefficient of correlation, t-test, weighted mean, and stepwise regression. It is concluded that faith, family, alliance, and profession wield a significant influence in the coping mechanisms of the respondents. Experience, and training were also found to have a differentiating performance in coping from health and security crisis; and that success in coping from catastrophic situations depends greatly on these factors. This study further proposed a model which can be used as basis in designing mental, spiritual, emotional, and social health programs to enhance the inherent coping mechanisms of teachers.
Haris Munandar, Muhammad Fath Azzajjad, Dewi Satria Ahmar
EduLine: Journal of Education and Learning Innovation, Volume 1, pp 118-124; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.eduline560

Abstract:
The research is Classroom Action Research, which aims to improve basic chemistry student learning outcomes with the application of Treffinger's learning model with the help of audio visual media on colloidal system materials. Data collection techniques can be done with an observation sheet of student learning activities and evaluation at the end of each cycle. The collected data is analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis. The results showed that the application of Active Knowledge Sharing strategy with Buzz Group method can improve basic chemistry learning outcomes in STKIP PI Makassar students which is characterized by an increase in the average learning outcome of cycle I students by 63.33 and cycle II by 72.67 and an increase in the completion of learning outcomes in cycle I which is 9 people or 22.5% and cycle II 35 people or 87.5%.
Yunusa Dangara Usman, Madudili Geraldine Chinyere
EduLine: Journal of Education and Learning Innovation, Volume 1, pp 76-83; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.eduline422

Abstract:
The study was conducted with the aim of establishing the relevance and challenges affecting quality assurance in Nigerian education system. Secondary data analysis methodology was adopted for the study. To easily achieve the objectives, the concept of quality assurance, strategies for building quality assurance into the education system and parameters for measuring quality assurance and challenges were discussed. The study identified some challenges affecting quality assurance to include shortage of funds, insecurity, policy inconsistency, and lack of regular training of staff etc. The paper concludes that since the essence of education is to make an individual useful quality assurance strategies should be monitored and evaluated on regular basis in order to improve the quality of the educational system in Nigeria. The study therefore recommends amongst others improved funding of the education sector, regular training and retraining of staff and provision of adequate security for learning environment in the country as a way forward.
Esther P. Archibong, Sylverster Akomaye, Egbe Tangban, Mary Ojong-Ejoh, Thelma A. Abang
ARRUS Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 1, pp 32-43; https://doi.org/10.35877/soshum476

Abstract:
The present study is aimed at using descriptive analysis to examine the mental health effect of Intimate Partner Violence on women in Obudu Local Government Area of Cross River State. Data was collected from a population of women aged 18 and above in Obudu Local Government Area, using structured questionnaire. the sample size for the study was 473, which was arrived at using the Survey Monkey Sample Size Determinant Technique. The sample for the study was arrived at using the cluster and purposive sampling technique. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the data collected from the field. Result revealed that A significant percentage (36.41%) women suffer abuse very often with majority (41.75%) suffering both physical and emotional abuse. In the last 12 months, 22.09 percent of the women have suffered abuse from an intimate partner and 16.50 percent of the victims needed medical attention after abused. On the mental health effect of abuse on the victim only 9.47 percent of women reported not suffering from any mental health illness after being abused by an intimate partner. 34.47 percent of women suffered from depression as as result of abuse, 23.79 percent suffered from anxiety disorder, 20.63 percent suffered from mood disorder. 2.43 percent suffered from suicidal ideation, 1.70 percent suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder and 7.53 percent suffering from other mental health issues. The study conclude that intimate partner violence significantly causes mental health issues. Hence there is need for increase public awareness on the dangers of intimate partner violence by government and appropriate laws that target rural communities should be put in place to combat the problem.
Edey P. Agara, Felix E. Ojong, Josephat O. Emeka, A. M. Ogaboh Agba, Abayomi I. Akintola, Olumayowa V. Ogunsola
ARRUS Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 1, pp 44-54; https://doi.org/10.35877/soshum490

Abstract:
Today, social media becomes the order of the day in which all aspect of life is affected. The study therefore examines the phenomenon of social media use and students' exposure to cybercrimes in Nigeria. Students’ exposure to Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and WhatsApp applications were considered. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 900 students drawn from Cross River State, Nigeria. Data were retrieved using questionnaire and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Descriptive analysis for the study revealed that Facebook use, Instagram use, and Twitter use significantly expose students to cybercrimes. The study concluded that social media use, as beneficial as it is, has potential dangers that could impose undesirable costs on users. It was thus recommended among others that the users of social media must carefully determine the information they put on social media to avoid providing explicit personal details that can be used by hackers against them. Furthermore, government must enact appropriate legislation or enforce existing laws to checkmate the activities of cybercriminals in society.
Mary U. Ojong-Ejoh, Glory Cobham, Ijeoma A. Iloeje, Egbe E. Tangban
ARRUS Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 1, pp 23-31; https://doi.org/10.35877/soshum485

Abstract:
This study assessed if traditional practices such as early marriage, Female genital cutting and honour violence perpetuate gender-based violence in Obudu Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. The study adopted the quasi-experimental research design in selecting four hundred samples from Obudu Local Government Area using stratified and purposive sampling technique. The questionnaire and interview guide were the instruments used for data collection. Quantitative data collected was analyzed using multiple regression, while qualitative data were thematically analyzed. Out of the 400 instruments distributed only 331 was returned and was used for analysis. The result from the analysis revealed that Traditional practices such as early marriage, Female genital cutting, honour violence perpetuate gender-based violence in Obudu Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. The study recommends amongst others that the government through legislation has to increase women enrolment and access to education at all level.
Julius A. Ada, Pius U. Angioha, Egbe E. Tangban, Thelma A. Abang, Pius A. Akam
ARRUS Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 1, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.35877/soshum484

Abstract:
The COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2, which originated from the Wuhan Province of China during the last days of 2019, has become a global health issue unprecedented since the Spanish influenza of 1918. As of December 30th, there were 86,576 recorded cases of Covid-19 and 1278 confirmed deaths in Nigeria. While the impact of the pandemic varies across societies, for most countries, available evidence reveals that it has increased poverty and inequalities. This study assessed the effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on the economic status of people in Calabar. The survey research method was used in collecting data from a sample of 400 from Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. The instrument of data collection was a self-developed unstructured questionnaire. Data were collected within eight days with the aid of five (5) research assistants. Out of the 400-instrument distributed, only 386 was returned and was used for the analysis. Data collected were coded and analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency distribution, tables and figures. The result from the descriptive statistics was then subjected to parametric statistics at the 0.05 confidence level. The result from the analysis revealed a significant impact of the covid-19 pandemic on the economic status of people in Calabar, Cross River, Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommends, among others, that the government at every level prioritize the distribution of stimulus packages equitably
Muannif Ridwan, Ahmad Syukri Saleh, Abdul Ghaffar
ARRUS Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Volume 1, pp 13-22; https://doi.org/10.35877/soshum539

Abstract:
This study discusses Islamic law in Morocco. The author focuses on the study of the government system and the development of Islamic law there. This study used descriptive qualitative method or so-called literature study /library research. Literature study examines data by exploring, observing, examining, and identifying existing knowledge in the literature to get a conclusion of truth, both philosophical and empirical. This study concludes that Morocco is a Muslim country, the population is more than 98% embraced Islam, the system of government is a democratic, social and constitutional monarchy that is based ongoverned by the 1972 constitution which was amended in 1980, 1992, and in September 1996. It has Mudawwana al-Usrah (2004) which is a contemporary family law in Morocco, family law which was originally still contained in fiqh books has become an implementing law. The legal system in Morocco is divided into two types of judiciary; Shari'a Court and Madaniyah Court (General Court). The existence of the renewal of private law (akhwal syakhsiyah) is guided by three principles, first, the principles and foundations of family law that are applied are the Maliki Mazhhab, second, paying attention to aspects of maslahah mursalah, third, the laws imposed in other Muslim countries The Moroccan government allows abortion for cases of rape and incest or incest or serious defects and incurable diseases of the fetus. last, Morocco is a country that allows polygamy. The issue of polygamy is regulated in the 1958 family law law Article 30 paragraph (1).
Deris Dasmawan, Kevin Afandi, Nusyifa Tassya Puspitasari, Septy Anggrelia, Krisna Damayanti, Jeni Astuti Ningrum, Viera Rahmaniasan, Nurholifah
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 79-82; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku521

Abstract:
The purpose and objective of holding a training webinar with the theme of implementing digital marketing in attracting consumer interest in the era of the covid-19 pandemic in community service activities in the Ketapang village is to help people who have difficulties in doing marketing for their products in the era of the covid-19 pandemic where they can use social media by using attractive designs to attract consumers. Government policies such as PPKM during the pandemic often make business owners worry about their business. They are afraid that their business will not go well, because it is important to use social media to market their products to attract consumers, even if not directly.
Suhartoyo
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 63-70; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku481

Abstract:
Proses produksi pembuatan pupuk organik masih dilakukan secara manual, sehingga proses pembuatan pupuk membutuhkan waktu yang lama. Proses pencampuran bahan pupuk kandang dilakukan pengadukan dengan menggunakan cangkul sehingga bahan campuran pembuatan pupuk kandang menjadi tidak rata. Agar hasil pencampuran bahan pupuk kandang menjadi rata dan lebih efisien dalam pengerjaan maka dirancang mesin pengaduk pupuk, dan dilanjutkan pelatihan pengoperasian mesin, pelatihan perawatan mesin, dan pelatihan pengemasan produk untuk keperluan peningkatan pemasaran. Mesin pengaduk menggunakan sumber penggerak motor bakar 6 PK berbahan bakar bensin, motor bakar terhubung dengan poros pengaduk menggunakan pully dan belt. Pengaduk berputar dengan gerakan mencampur dan membalik kotoran sapi dan campurannya sehingga menghasilkan campuran pupuk organik yang mempunyai kandungan yang rata. Dengan adanya mesin pengaduk pupuk organik dan dilakukan pelatihan melalui program Kemitraan Masyarakat dapat membantu kesulitan yang dihadapi mitra sehingga dapat menaikan jumlah produksi dan dapat menambah kesejahteraan mitra.
Agus Harijono, Am. Mufarrih, Utsman Syah Amrullah, Moh. Nasir Hariyanto, K. Khambali
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 71-78; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku523

Abstract:
Pemanfaatan teknologi penunjuk waktu dalam bentuk jam digital semakin luas. Hampir semua masjid-masjid besar di perkotaan menggunakan jam digital sebagai penunjuk waktu jadwal salat. Berbeda dengan masjid ataupun musala di pedesaan, sebagian besar masih menggunakan jam analog. Salah satu musala di Pondok Pesantren di Kecamatan Singosari Kabupaten Malang masih secara manual menggunakan pamflet/selebaran jadwal salat dalam melihat jadwal waktu salat lima waktu. Tujuan kegiatan pengabdian ini adalah pelatihan penggunaan dan setting jam digital bagi takmir Musala Mahad Dar Al Hikmah, Desa Pagentan Kecamatan Singosari Kabupaten Malang pada tanggal 13 Juni 2021. Kegiatan ini merupakan salah satu upaya untuk menunjang kegiatan beribadah salat tepat waktu bagi segenap pengurus dan jamaah musala Dar Al Hikmah Singosari. Kegiatan ini melibatkan takmir dan jamaah Musala Dar Al Hikmah Singosari. Metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan pengabdian ini adalah metode Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) yaitu kegiatan yang melibatkan masyarakat dalam pelaksanaannya. Tahapan pelaksanaan kegiatan ini adalah suvei lapangan, pembuatan alat, pelatihan penggunaan alat, serta pemasangan alat. Hasil evaluasi kegiatan menunjukkan bahwa perangkat jam digital dapat berfungsi dengan baik, takmir musala mampu mengoperasikan jam digital dan mensetting jam digital dengan baik, serta jamaah Musala Mahad Dar Al Hikmah bisa lebih khusyuk dan tepat waktu dalam melaksanakan ibadah salat.
Ainol Yaqin, Maknunatun Navisah Arifin, Zaimatul Umami, Siti Ruqoyyah, Dwi Anggraini Novitasari, Ika Sulistyawati
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 83-88; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku531

Abstract:
In one of the efforts to increase the economic progress of the pesantren and also to eat for the students, especially at the Nurul Jadid Boarding School, Probolinggo, it is very necessary to have a centralized program for paying the cost of paying for the cost of the students’ meals so that each student’s meal is regelated and even becomas a way of saving the cost of living for the students. For decades, the Nurul Jadid Islamic Boarding School has not been able and succeeded ini centralizing the cost of food for students and processed food products for students at one door. The centralization of the santri staple food business is believed by the pesantren. The fear of pesantren in managing this business is quite an obstacle, but by providing location, technology and human resources, pessntren is expected to be able to maintain and preserve Costmara’s business. Our service uses a Consultation approach, where wa several individuals at the same time assist, guide and direct policy makers, employees and servants at Nurul Jadid Cost of Eating student to make this businenss lively and comfartable, especially able to nourish the economy of the Pesantren and serve the needs of the santri so that the pesantren achieves the peak of independence and economic sovereignty. Centralization of the cost of meals for studentswas initiated by Pesantren bereau and ini teh end it was acquired by the business bereua, Centralized peyments at the santri supplies simpab office and food management in public kitchens with a sufficient number of employess, centralization of santri food and payments were able to mave the pesantren economy for more beneficial interests including religious agends, education, health, equipment and others within the Nuru Jadid Islamci Boarding School. Economics is the foundation of every pesantren agenda. So Cost Mara contributes a lot the economic pace of Islamic Boarding Schools. Santru obtain sufficient benefits, including low prices, healthy composition and savings for santri and the ecomic flow santri guardiens.
Annisa Nuradhiani, Mukhlidah Hanun Siregar, Ratu Diah Koerniawati
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 57-62; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku483

Abstract:
Abstrak Penerapan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat sangat cocok diajarkan sejak usia anak-anak karena usia anak-anak merupakan usia yang tepat dalam mengenalkan perilaku baru serta menyampaikan pesan kesehatan. Terutama pada masa pandemi covid-19, masyarakat dianjurkan menerapkan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat melalui konsumsi makanan sehat serta rajin mencuci tangan pakai sabun. Kegiatan ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan anak-anak tentang manfaat konsumsi buah dan sayur serta cara mencuci tangan pakai sabun yang benar. Kegiatan yang dilakukan berupa edukasi gizi dan demonstrasi cuci tangan pakai sabun pada anak-anak di UPTD Dinas Sosial, Provinsi Banten. Anak-anak mengetahui pentingnya konsumsi buah dan sayur untuk menjaga imunitas tubuh serta dapat mempraktekkan cara mencuci tangan pakai sabun dengan tahapan-tahapan yang tepat. Abstract The application of healthy and clean lifestyle is good to be taught to the children starting from an early age because this is the right time to introduce new behavior and deliver health information. Especially in the pandemic covid-19 situation, people are encouraged to apply healthy and clean lifestyle through the consumption of healthy food and behavior of washing hands with soap. This activity aims to increase children’s knowledge about benefits of consuming fruits and vegetables for their health and how to wash their hands properly with soap. The activities done in the form of nutritional education and demonstrations for washing hands with soap for children at UPTD Dinas Sosial, Banten Province, to educate and let the children knows the importance of consuming fruits and vegetables to maintain immunity system, and to practice directly how to wash their hands in the right steps.
Nguyen Van Thanh
SAINSMAT: Journal of Applied Sciences, Mathematics, and Its Education, Volume 10, pp 60-67; https://doi.org/10.35877/sainsmat1022192021

Abstract:
In this paper, the author introduces about building the support system of production schedule, based on the linear programming model, exploiting effectively Branch and Bound (BnB) algorithms in Lingo software. In addition, the result of the study is the software that supports production schedule based on the C# programming language, friendly interface makes the operator easy to use. After the implementation and final test, the research model is applied to the case of the garment company to support the production schedule, reduces the number of orders delayed, shorten the production time to increase profits for the company.
Inayanti Fatwa, Hariani Harjuna, Rezeki Amaliah
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku470

Abstract:
Coronavirus adalah keluarga besar virus yang menyebabkan penyakit mulai dari gejala ringan sampai berat. Pada tanggal 30 Januari 2020 WHO telah menetapkan sebagai Kedaruratan Kesehatan Masyarakat Yang Meresahkan Dunia/ Public Health Emergency of International Concern (KKMMD/PHEIC). Penambahan jumlah kasus COVID-19 berlangsung cukup cepat dan sudah terjadi penyebaran antar Negara. Sosialisasi dan edukasi new normal life merupakan cara mempersiapkan warga agar lebih waspada dan memperhatikan kesehatan diri sendiri selama beraktivitas di luar rumah. Hal ini sebagai bagian penting dalam rangka pemerataan informasi serta mengurangi angka penderita Covid-19. Pendekatan yang dipakai untuk mencapai tujuan pengabdian meliputi beberapa jenis kegiatan yaitu presentasi dan demonstrasi tentang virus corona dan new normal dihadapan warga RT 002 RW 005 desa Sunggumanai Kab. Gowa. Respon peserta saat pelaksanaan pelatihan sangat baik. Seluruh peserta begitu antusias memperhatikan setiap penjelasan. Dari 11 peserta, ada 2 orang yang mengajukan pertanyaan.
Gatot Jariono, Nurhidayat, Eko Sudarmanto, Ardhian Tomy Kurniawan, Chandra Triadi, Maimunah Nur Anisa
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 37-43; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku478

Abstract:
Pengabdian kepada masyarakat dilakukan berdasarkan hasil diskusi dengan mitra terkait dengan kendala-kendala dalam proses belajar mengajar pada masa pandemic covid-19 untuk mengurangi perilaku hiperaktif anak berkebutuhan khusus. Melihat situasi seperti ini peneliti memberikan solusi berupa alternatif dalam mengurangi prilaku hiperaktif melalui pendampingan dan pelatihan strategi guru dalam mengurangi perilaku hiperaktif anak berkebutuhan khusus di SLB Negeri Sukoharjo Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Fungsi guru dalam mengurangi perilaku hiperaktif anak berkebutuhan khusus adalah peran guru sebagai pendamping, perancang pembelajaran, seniman/aktor pembelajaran, mediator, motivator dan inovator. Kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini bertujuan untuk memberikan pemahaman kepada guru dalam mengurangi perilaku hiperaktif anak berkebutuhan khusus baik di dalam lingkungan sekolah maupun di lingkungan sosial masyarakat. Metode dalam pengabdian ini menggunakan penelitian deskriptif melalui pendekatan penelitian kualitatif maupun kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa guru sangat berperan aktif dalam mengurangi perilaku hiperaktif anak berkebutuhan khusus untuk melakukan aktivitas baik di lingkungan sekolah maupun di lingkungan sosial.
Dabella Yunia, Nada Shafa Soraya Gandakusumah, Nina Safitri Zahra, Musdalifah, Farlina Fajrianti, Haikal Diarahmana Putra, Firhani Ashri, Itta Qunnisa
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 44-50; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku487

Abstract:
The Covid-19 pandemic has hit Indonesia since March 2020 until now. All components of the Indonesian state must unite to overcome the pandemic. One of the tangible forms of community service from Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University is to increase public awareness of Covid-19 during the Enforcement of Restrictions on Community Activities in Cibodasari Village. Community service activities carried out include socializing covid-19, spraying disinfectants, and socializing the Enforcement of Restrictions on Community Activities. The activity was carried out in a hybrid manner by implementing a strict health protocol. The result of the implementation of these activities is that the residents of the Cibodasari sub-district are increasingly aware of Covid-19 so that the discipline in applying health protocols is felt, the wider impact is felt at the Tangerang City level by decreasing the level of the Bed Occupancy Ratio.
Ria Retno
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 17-23; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku482

Abstract:
Pemberian pakan pada ikan secara umum bertujuan untuk pertumbuhan individu atau populasi Pertumbuhan ikan yang baik, perlu didukung dengan pemberian makanan yang cukup mengandung protein, lemak, karbohidrat, vitamin dan mineral. Tujuan pengabdian masyarakat adalah agar masyarakat pembudidaya ikan di Desa Tanjung Seri Kabupaten Batu Bara dapat membuat pakan secara mandiri, mengetahui komposisi nutrisi yang dimiliki pakan, dan dapat mengetahui harga pakan yang hendak digunakan. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode presentasi dan demostrasi. Penyuluhan tentang pembuatan pakan ikan mandiri ini cukup bermanfaat terhadap kelompok pembudidaya ikan, hal ini terbukti dari semangat warga yang cukup antusias dalam mengikuti penyuluhan mulai dari awal sampai akhir
Abd Ghofur, Durrotun Nafisah, Ninies Eryadini, Nur Fitria Wiji Astutik, Hadi Suryanto
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 29-36; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku480

Abstract:
Permasalahan mitra adalah bagaimana mengembangkan desain media pembelajaran berbasis multimedia, terutama video pembelajaran interaktif. Tujuan diadakannya pendidikan dan pelatihan ini adalah 1) Meningkatkan pemahaman guru dalam membuat dan mengembangkan desain video pembelajaran yang menarik dan 2) Meningkatkan keterampilan guru dalam merancang, membuat dan mengembangkan desain video pembelajaran yang interaktif dan menarik. Mitra kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini adalah guru SMA Negeri Kembangbahu. Metode yang digunakan adalah Pelatihan, yaitu kegiatan yang disertai dengan demonstrasi atau percontohan untuk menghasilkan keterampilan tertentu. Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini dapat terlaksana dengan baik dan mendapatkan antusia yang baik oleh mitra karena tidak banyak memerlukan keterampilan yang tinggi akan teknologi dan tidak memerlukan jaringan internet yang kuat. Pentingnya pengabdian ini dilakukan karena terdapat hasil karya guru berupa video pembelajaran atau presentasi guru yang dibuat dengan aplikasi Screencast O Matic.
Muh. Yunus, Amran Hapsan, Khadijah, Iwan Setiawan Hr
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 6-16; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku471

Abstract:
E-Modul merupakan merupakan salah satu jenis bahan ajar yang perlu dikembangkan sendiri oleh guru, yang berbentuk file aplikasi, bisa diakses di smartphone, komputer, laptop atau notebook dan dapat mengurangi biaya pendidikan karena tidak perlu adanya percetakan modul. Karena kebutuhan mitra di SMAN 3 Takalar dan pentingnya kemampuan membuat e-Modul maka kami mengadakan pelatihan penyusunan naskah dan pembuatan e-Modul bagi guru SMAN 3 Takalar. Metode yang digunakan dalam pelatihan ini adalah metode pembimbingan pelatihan dan pendampingan. Keberhasilan kegiatan ini dapat dilihat dari kemampuan guru menyusun naskah dan membuat e-Modul. Luaran yang terwujud dari kegiatan ini adalah: (1) peningkatan pengetahuan guru di sekolah mitra dalam mengoptimalkan pembelajaran dengan bantuan teknologi berupa e-Modul (peningkatan pemahaman dan keterampilan masyarakat), (2) peningkatan keterampilan guru di sekolah mitra dalam membuat bahan ajar e-Modul (peningkatan pemahaman dan keterampilan masyarakat), (3) terciptanya produk bahan ajar berupa e-Modul untuk beberapa mata pelajaran, (4) peningkatan kualitas produk bahan ajar dari slide persentase materi dan modul hasil cetakan yang membutuhkan biaya besar menjadi e-Modul.
Anti Uni Mahanani, Fransisca Christiana Dewi
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 51-56; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku477

Abstract:
Kabupaten Jayawijaya merupakan salah satu kabupaten di Pegunungan Tengah yang terkenal dengan pertaniannya. Penduduk di wilayah ini dari waktu ke waktu semakin meningkat. Seiring dengan bertambahnya perumahan dan pembangunan di wilayah ini secara tidak langsung akan mengurangi lahan pertanian. Penggunaan vertikultur atau teknik budidaya secara bertingkat merupakan salah satu cara dalam menanggulangi berkurangnya lahan pertanian. Kegiatan pengabdian ini bertujuan untuk : 1) memberikan keterampilan kepada para petani di Distrik Pisugi Kabupaten Jayawijaya untuk menggunakan pertanian vertikultur untuk meningkatkan produktivitas pertanian dengan cara sosialisasi; 2) Efektivitas kegiatan Sosialisasi dalam memberikan pengetahuan tentang penggunaan vertikultur kepada para petani di Distrik Pisugi Kabupaten Jayawijaya. Dalam pengabdian ini masyarakat di Distrik Pisugi dilakukan pemberian materi dan praktek langsung tentang budidaya tanaman secara vertikultur.
Alfiah Nurfadhilah Am. Hindi, Andi Syukriani, Elpisah, Inayanti Fatwa
Panrannuangku Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 1, pp 24-28; https://doi.org/10.35877/panrannuangku472

Abstract:
Penelitian tindakan kelas menjadi salah satu indikator penting untuk meningkatkan profesionalisme guru. Dengan melakukan PTK, guru-guru diharapkan dapat menemukan sesuatu yang dapat digunakan dalam peningkatan kualitas proses belajar dan mengajar, yang pada akhirnya membantu meningkatkan kulaitas pendidikan secara nasional. Untuk itu, kegiatan ini akan memberikan pelatihan penulisan karya ilmiah penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) bagi guru. Adapun luaran kegiatan ini mengacu pada tujuan yang diharapkan dari pelaksanaan kegiatan ini adalah: (1) Guru Mampu memahami dan terampil dalam menyusun PTK dan (2) Guru mampu melaksanakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. kegiatan ini dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kemampuan peserta pelatihan dalam membuat karya ilmiah penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) khususnya dalam pembuatan proposal peneltiian tindakan kelas. Selain itu, para peserta mampu menyusun tulisan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) sesuai dengan prosedur yang telah disampaikan pada pelatihan.
Desy Kumala Sari, Rezky Uspayanti, Pri Ariadi Cahya Dinata
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 67-74; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.mattawang332

Abstract:
Science is learned by bringing real objects in daily life into the classroom. Therefore, the props are needed in learning science to make it easier for students to observe the concepts of science contained in an object. However, not all schools have good props to use in learning. This dedication to society aims to provide props that can be used as a medium of physics learning at SMA YPK Merauke. The props are accompanied by bilingual guides so that students can learn physics and English at the same time. The devotional activities were carried out through the introduction of props to physics teachers, demonstrations on how to use bilingual tools and guides, and mentoring. At the end of the activity, physics teachers were given a user response sheet to find out the teachers' perception of the props given. The results of the user response sheet show that the props can be appropriately used as a learning medium. Then, more props are needed to be given to schools in Merauke that do not have good props. Abstrak Sains dipelajari dengan membawa objek yang nyata di kehidupan sehari-hari ke dalam kelas. Oleh karena itu, alat peraga diperlukan dalam belajar sains untuk memudahkan siswa mengamati konsep-konsep sains yang terdapat pada suatu objek. Akan tetapi, tidak semua sekolah memiliki alat peraga yang memadai untuk digunakan dalam pembelajaran. Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini bertujuan untuk menyediakan alat peraga yang dapat digunakan sebagai media pembelajaran fisika di SMA YPK Merauke. Alat peraga tersebut disertai dengan panduan bilingual agar siswa dapat belajar fisika dan Bahasa inggris secara bersamaan. Kegiatan pengabdian dilakukan melalui pengenalan alat peraga kepada guru fisika, demonstrasi cara penggunaan alat dan panduan bilingual, serta pendampingan. Di akhir kegiatan, guru-guru fisika diberikan lembar respon pengguna untuk mengetahui persepsi guru-guru terhadap alat peraga yang diberikan. Hasil lembar respon pengguna menunjukkan bahwa alat peraga dapat digunakan dengan baik sebagai media pembelajaran. Ke depannya, diperlukan lebih banyak alat peraga untuk diberikan kepada sekolah-sekolah di Merauke yang belum memiliki alat peraga yang memadai.
Winda Suci Lestari Nasution, Patriot Nusa
ARRUS Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 1, pp 18-27; https://doi.org/10.35877/jetech532

Abstract:
Humans are basically inseparable from education in carrying out life. The implementation and development of educational studies must also be adapted to the conditions and social situations that exist in the community. The main focus of Goal 4 on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is to provide inclusive quality education or to ensure everyone has an equal opportunity to get good quality of education. In fact, Indonesia is still struggling in the quality of teacher issue. In the school year of 2019/2020, there are 8.98% unqualified teachers and headmasters on primary school level, 6.16% on junior high school level, 10.07% on senior high school level, and 10% on vocational high school level. Cumulatively, from primary school level to vocational high school level, there are 247.462 unqualified teachers and headmasters in Indonesia. This is a serious problem, considering that teachers are important component in determining the quality of education itself. In this research, UI/UX design prototype of learning web application named “IdeIn” was developed using Design Thinking method that consists of empathize, define, ideate, prototype, and test stages. The main focus of this learning web application is to provides an opportunity to the whole community to support education in Indonesia by conducting online classes.
Nguyen Viet Tinh, Syed Tam Husain, Nguyen Van Thanh
ARRUS Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 1, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.35877/jetech493

Abstract:
In recent years, with the strong development of the industry, it has created a competitive market. To be able to stand and survive requires businesses to create their own charisma based on the products they create must have the quality, cost and speed quickly. To do that requires businesses to have proper production strategies. Especially for the garment industry, which has a lot of waste in the production process that needs to be eliminated. This study focuses on the construction of standard time sets and standard activities to help eliminate wasted time on hand movements and time spent by workers. The result ca be used to develop the standard operation procedures of the production process.
Nguyen Van Thanh, Nguyen Viet Tinh
ARRUS Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 1, pp 9-17; https://doi.org/10.35877/jetech512

Abstract:
In recent years, the process of cellular manufacturing and group technology have received a lot of attention and popularity in many developed countries. By applying Group Technology (GT), many benefits of flow-line production can be attained in a batch production system. GT improves material handling significantly by reducing material flow time, distance, and setup times. In this paper, an earnest investigative attempt was made to provide valuable information regarding the use of Group Technology by applying to a real world jobshop system. The proposed GT model has the flexibility of choosing the number of cells required, which is very useful in examining different manufacturing cell configurations; or in case the workshop or factory prefers a certain number of work cells. The GT model results were found satisfactory and superior to other techniques in some cases.
Rosyid Ridlo Al Hakim, Eko Ariyanto, Yanuar Zulardiansyah Arief
ARRUS Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 1, pp 28-32; https://doi.org/10.35877/jetech540

Abstract:
Energy is something that people need every day. One of the energies that are glorified to meet people's energy needs is electrical energy. The need for electrical energy in Indonesia continues to increase in line with economic growth and the increasing population. One of the components of electric power that is useful for delivering electric current to transmission networks is a substation. With the feasibility of techno-economic, it is possible to know the feasibility of the quality of an electric power system based on financial analysis. This paper provides a mini-review of the techno-economy of substation electricity and its maintenance in several regions in Indonesia today. The research stages consist of literature study, identification of article titles, article abstract screening, complete article selection, and mini-review reviews. Several studies are still not widely applied to the calculation of the cost of energy consumption to customers. In addition, the basic cost of providing electricity, the profit from electricity sales, and the payback period method need to be improved in research related to the techno-economic analysis of electrical energy. It is important to do this to determine the potential feasibility and the estimated advantages and disadvantages of an electric power system.
Fauziah, Ilham Minggi, Ahmad Talib
ARRUS Journal of Mathematics and Applied Science, Volume 1, pp 52-61; https://doi.org/10.35877/mathscience553

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the students' mathematical reasoning abilities in solving TIMSS cognitive domain reasoning problems in algebraic content in terms of the student’s thinking style of the students. The type of research is a qualitative research study with a descriptive approach. The subjects of this research consisted of one student who representing each of the concrete sequential thinking styles. The instrument of this research used consisted of thinking style questionnaires, mathematical reasoning ability test questions, and interview guidelines. The results of this study indicate that: SK thinking style subjects are able to meet four indicators of mathematical reasoning ability, namely: a) the ability to make guesses, b) the ability to draw conclusions, arrange evidence, provide reasons or evidence for the truth of the solution, c) the ability to draw the validity of an argumen, and d) the ability to find patterns or the nature of mathematical symptoms to make generalizations.
Rismayana, Muh. Dinar, Ilham Minggi
ARRUS Journal of Mathematics and Applied Science, Volume 1, pp 33-42; https://doi.org/10.35877/mathscience555

Abstract:
This study aims to see how the descriptions of anxiety student data are viewed from the level of students' mathematical abilities and is there a relationship between students 'math anxiety and the level of students' math abilities. This type of research uses quantitative methods to determine whether there is a relationship between students 'math anxiety and the level of students' mathematical abilities and qualitative methods to describe the characteristics of mathematics learning anxiety in terms of students' mathematical abilities. The subjects of this study were 3 students, namely one student with low math ability, one student with moderate math ability, and one student with high math ability. The research instrument consisted of a math ability test, an anxiety questionnaire and an interview guide. The level of math ability is categorized using standard deviation. The results showed that: In general, there is no relationship between students 'math anxiety level and students' math abilities in class XI IPA 2, however, some special cases show that there are children who have math anxiety in each category of math ability level (1) Students with low math abilities always experience symptoms of math anxiety because of low self-confidence, poor mastery of mathematical concepts, negative attitudes towards mathematics and passive (2) Students with moderate math abilities often experience math anxiety due to a high fear of mistakes, lack of mastery of mathematical concepts, perception of mathematics is difficult, and passive (3) Students with mathematical abilities rarely experience mathematics because the anxiety they experience is something that everyone naturally feels.
Nguyen Van Thanh
ARRUS Journal of Mathematics and Applied Science, Volume 1, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.35877/mathscience491

Abstract:
In this paper, the author introduces about building the support system of production schedule, based on the linear programming model, exploiting effectively Branch and Bound (BnB) algorithms in Lingo software. In addition, the result of the study is the software that supports production schedule based on the C# programming language, friendly interface makes the operator easy to use. After the implementation and final test, the research model is applied to the case of the garment company to support the production schedule, reduces the number of orders delayed, shorten the production time to increase profits for the company.
Nurul Masynaeni, Djadir, Rusli
ARRUS Journal of Mathematics and Applied Science, Volume 1, pp 17-32; https://doi.org/10.35877/mathscience557

Abstract:
This research aims to describe the ability of problem-solving based on the theory of Wankat and Oreovicz reviewed from mathematical logical intelligence in a system of linear equations in three variables. This research is a qualitative research with a descriptive method. The subjects in this research were students of class X IPA who represent each category of mathematical logical intelligence that is high, medium, and low. The research instruments consist of the mathematical logical intelligence test, the problem-solving ability test, and the interview guidelines. The results of research show that: (1) the student with high mathematical logical intelligence was able to solved the problem well. (2) the student with medium mathematical logical intelligence was able to do problem solving altough they did exprience misconseption in the calculating process; (3) the student with low mathematical logical intelligence was able to carry out same step of problem solving that is exploration step.
Nurul Asmi, Ruslan, Fajar Arwadi
ARRUS Journal of Mathematics and Applied Science, Volume 1, pp 43-51; https://doi.org/10.35877/mathscience556

Abstract:
This research is a descriptive research with qualitative approach. The purpose of this research is to describe the cognitive level of UTS and UAS made by teacher Mathematics class VII. The subject is midterm exam and final exam class VII created by the mathematics teacher according to curriculum 2013. This Data analyze based on three levels of cognitive, namely (1) Level 1 knowing in the form of cognitive processes, remembering and understanding, (2) Level 2 applying in the form of cognitive processes, cognitive processes applying, and (3) Level 3 reasoning cognitive processes analyzing, evaluating and creating. Generally cognitive levels distributed in a comprehensive way so that educational evaluations measure educational attainment. The data also obtained using classification paper of level cognitive, interview guidelines and expert validator. The results showed that subjects are dominated by the level of knowing with a percentage of 50% by 10 items in the cognitive processes of understanding. While the level of application with a percentage of 45% is 9 items in the cognitive process of applying and the level of reasoning with a percentage of 5% is 1 item of the cognitive process analyzing.
Johnson N. Naat, Yosep Lawa, Yantus A. B. Neolaka, Dewi Lestarani, Lolita A. M. Parera, Yanpitherzon Liunokas
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 50-55; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.mattawang334

Abstract:
Marunggai tree leaves tree is a special plant in East Nusa Tenggara province with its high nutrient. It grows mostly in the house environment of the congregation of Lahai Roi church, Tofa and it is manufactured only as a kind of vegetable that makes consumers are less interested, but if it is manufactured in different kinds of meals its consumption can get increased. The less understanding in manufacturing marunggai leaves may emerge undelicious smell. This writing is a public service one that is important to train all housewives in Lahai Roi congregation, Tofa to make pinnate leaves wet cakes. The methods used were discussion and training methods of making pinnate leaves wet cakes (like cake, brownie, and tiramisu cakes). The result shows that the percentages of those housewives understanding in making pinnate leaves cakes, such as cake, brownies, and tiramisu cakes are in orderly 97%, 95.2%, and 91.7%. These percentages indicate that the housewives in Lahai Roi congregation, Tofa have a good understanding and they can make pinnate leaves wet cakes. By conducting the training of making pinnate leaves wet cakes in Lahai Roi congregation, Tofa it can increase community interest in consuming pinnate leaves that have high nutrients. Abstrak Tanaman kelor merupakan salah satu tanaman khas NTT yang mempunyai nilai gizi tinggi. Tanaman ini banyak tumbuh dipekarangan jemaat Lahai Roi Tofa dan hanya diolah menjadi sayuransehingga kurang diminati namun jika diolah menjadi jenis makanan yang berbeda dan inovatif akan meningkatkan konsumsi kelor. Kurangnya pemahaman dalam mengolah daun kelor akan menghasilkan bau yang kurang sedap. Pengabdian ini penting untuk melatih kaum ibu jemaat Lahai Roi Tofa dalam membuat kue basah kelor. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengabdian ini adalahdiskusi dan pelatihanpembuatan kue basah kelor (cake, brownis dan tiramisu). Hasil pengabdian menunjukkan persentasi pemahaman kaum ibu dalam pembuatan kue cake, brownis dan tiramisukelor berturut-turut adalah 97%, 95,2% dan 91,7%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa kaum ibu jemaat Lahai Roi mampu dan memahami pembuatan kue basah kelor. Adanya pelatihan pembuatan kue basah berbahan kelor di jemaat Lahai Roi Tofa dapat meningkatkan minat masyarakat dalam mengkonsumsi daun kelor yang memiliki nilai gizi tinggi.
Habibie Anwar, Abd. Salam Munir
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 46-49; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.mattawang328

Abstract:
The main target of the Lembaga Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPkM) UMI program for SMK Penerbang Techno Terapan is to prepare early for the ability of the students of the Mining Geology Department to be able to starter Mining Geotechnics before entering the world of work, this is related to the Geology and Mining fields in the learning process teaching in high schools. The problems experienced by partners are limitations in knowledge regarding Mining Geotechnics, especially in open mines and underground mines, with this training, it can indirectly teach students to interpret Geotechnical data in the field and assist in working neatly, planned and effective every time, so that the expected result is to facilitate knowledge and improve the quality of students in learning Mining Geotechnical training. Abstrak Program Lembaga Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPkM) UMI kepada mitra SMK Penerbang Techno Terapan Makassar adalah mempersiapkan secara dini kemampuan para taruna-taruni Jurusan Geologi Pertambangan agar dapat menguasai Geoteknik Tambang sebelum memasuki dunia kerja, hal ini terkait dengan bidang Geologi dan Pertambangan dalam proses belajar mengajar di sekolah. Permasalahan yang dialami oleh mitra yaitu keterbatasan dalam ilmu pengetahuan berkenaan Geoteknik Tambang terutama pada tambang terbuka dan tambang bawah tanah, dengan adanya pelatihan ini, secara tidak langsung dapat mengajarkan kepada taruna-taruni untuk menginterpretasikan data Geoteknik yang ada dilapangan dan membantu dalam bekerja secara rapi, terencana dan efektif setiap waktu, sehingga hasil yang diharapkan adalah memperlancar ilmu pengetahuan dan peningkatan kualitas para taruna-taruni dalam mempelajari dan menguasai pelatihan Geoteknik Tambang.
Endang Sujana, Tuti Widjadtuti, Iwan Setiawan, Wiwin Tanwiriah, Dani Garnida, Indrawati Yudha Asmara
Mattawang: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, Volume 2, pp 56-66; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.mattawang335

Abstract:
Loa Village is one of the villages located in Paseh District, Majalaya, Bandung Regency. Loa Village has potential to be developed, in the field of animal husbandry. Many of the resident raising the chicken and duck in groups, but still use the traditional method, which is naturally hatching eggs by the hen so that it is difficult to get Kampong chicken seeds. With the village profile as above, we are challenged to provide the knowledge and techniques of raising Kampong chickens to Loa Village public, especially to farmer group members, through the virtual KKN-PPMD Padjadjaran University. The purpose of this activity is to increase the knowledge and skills of breeders in raising chickens, hatching eggs, composing the rations, processing chicken products and increasing the production of day old chicks. Apparently, the enthusiasm of the participants to gain knowledge and skills in raising Kampong chicken was quite high. Knowledge of the participants regarding the management of chickens, the preparation of rations are still lacking, but the enthusiasm of farmers to learn all the knowledge about raising Kampong chickens is very good, so that this activity can increase knowledge about how to hatch eggs and skills to operate the incubator and have a great passion for the business of Kampong chickens. Abstrak Desa Loa merupakan salah satu desa yang berada di Kecamatan Paseh, Majalaya Kabupaten Bandung. Desa Loa memiliki potensi yang harus dikembangkan, salah satunya yaitu potensi di bidang peternakan. Banyak dari penduduknya yang merupakan kelompok peternak ayam dan entok, tetapi masih menggunakan cara trasional yaitu menetaskan telur secara alami oleh induk sehingga sulit mendapatkan bibit ayam kampung. Melihat profil desa seperti di atas, maka kami tertantang untuk memberikan pengetahuan tehnik beternak ayam kampung kepada para anggota kelompok tani melalui Kegiatan KKN-PPMD virtual universitas Padjadjaran kepada masyarakat Desa Loa khususnya kepada kelompok peternak. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini adalah untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan peternak dalam budidaya beternak ayam, menetaskan telur, menyusun ransum, dan pengolahan hasil ternak ayam serta meningkatkan produksi anak ayam untuk bibit. Dari kegiatan ini antusiasme peserta untuk memperoleh pengetahuan dan keterampilan usaha budidaya beternak aym lokal cukup tinggi. Wawasan peserta mengenai tatalaksana pemeliharaan ayam, serta penyusunan ransum masih sangat kurang, tetapi animo peternak sangat baik untuk belajar semua pengetahuan tentang budidaya beternak ayam lokal, sehingga kegiatan ini dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan mengenai cara-cara menetaskan telur dan keterampilan mengoperasikan cara menetaskan telur dengan mesin tetas dan semangat untuk usaha beternak ayam kampung.
Rupali Patil, Umang Patel, Tushar Sarkar
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 74-81; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci137

Abstract:
Anticipating the quantity of new associated or affirmed cases with novel coronavirus ailment 2019 (COVID-19) is critical in the counteraction and control of the COVID-19 flare-up. The new associated cases with COVID-19 information were gathered from 20 January 2020 to 21 July 2020. We filtered out the countries which are converging and used those for training the network. We utilized the SARIMAX, Linear regression model to anticipate new suspected COVID-19 cases for the countries which did not converge yet. We predict the curve of non-converged countries with the help of proposed Statistical SARIMAX model (SSM). We present new information investigation-based forecast results that can assist governments with planning their future activities and help clinical administrations to be more ready for what's to come. Our framework can foresee peak corona cases with an R-Squared value of 0.986 utilizing linear regression and fall of this pandemic at various levels for countries like India, US, and Brazil. We found that considering more countries for training degrades the prediction process as constraints vary from nation to nation. Thus, we expect that the outcomes referenced in this work will help individuals to better understand the possibilities of this pandemic.
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 104-112; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci164

Abstract:
The method used in this study was a classroom-based action research that aimed to improve students' mastery of the geometric transformation formulas through the Play Lucky Card technique. This study was conducted in class VIII.2 of SMP Negeri 3 Barru with 23 students. The results achieved after the study was carried out for two cycles were as follows: In the first cycle, there were 40.63% of students who had the ability to master the geometric transformation formulas in the sufficient category. Whereas in the classical results, it was found that the students' average score was 68.06 in the 54.6-64.5 interval or in the sufficient category. In the second cycle, there were 56.25% of students who had the ability to master the mathematical formulas in the high category, 28.13% of students had the ability to master the mathematical formulas in the very high category. From the results of the final evaluation of the second cycle, it was classically found that the students' average score was 76.75 in the 64.6-84.6 interval or in the high category. Based on the results of the final evaluation, the students of class VIII.2 had an absorption amounted to 86.75%, and other data showed that the students of class VIII.2 who scored > 65 (84.38%), were in the high and very high category. Thus, it can be concluded that there was an increase in the ability to master the geometric transformation formulas of class VIII.2 students at SMP Negeri 3 Barru after the implementation of Play Lucky Card technique, there was an increase in motivation and activeness as well as the presence of students following the mathematics learning process. This was reflected in the number (quantity) of students who raised their hands to work on the questions on the blackboard which tended to increase from one meeting to the next. Moreover, almost all students submitted every homework according to predetermined deadlines.
Jesi Jecsen Pongkendek, Dewi Natalia Marpaung, Dewi Satria Ahmar, Sitti Rahmatia
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 46-52; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci103

Abstract:
Teacher competence is the roundness of knowledge, skills and attitudes that manifest smart and responsible actions in carrying out tasks as agents of learning. Teacher competencies consist of pedagogic competencies, social competencies, personality competencies, and professional competencies. This research focuses on teacher professional competence. Teachers' professional competencies are examined in 3 aspects namely mastering the material, mastering basic competencies, and developing learning materials that are creatively influenced. This research is a descriptive study to get a picture of the professional competence of Senior High School chemistry teachers in Merauke District. The study was conducted in 3 schools, namely SMAN 1 Merauke, SMAN 2 Merauke and SMAS YPK Merauke. Data obtained through observation, interviews, and documentation. The data obtained were analyzed by means of data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. Through descriptive data analysis the results are obtained: (a) mastering material with an average value of 1.6 being in the category of very competent; (b) mastering basic competencies with an average value of 1.5 very competent categories; and (c) developing learning materials that are creatively influenced by an average value of 1.25 competent categories. Average overall aspects of professional competence 1.45 competent categories. The results of the analysis indicate the professional competence of chemistry teachers in Merauke District is quite good, although there are things that need to be developed so as to improve the professional competence of teachers who have.
Iftakhar Parvej, Mimma Tabassum, Nelufa Aktar
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 82-89; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci152

Abstract:
Amount of death due to pregnancy are gradually decreasing worldwide, among all of these estimated deaths, one-fifth of the maternal death recorded in southern Asia. The increasing rate of caesarean section (CS) delivery and the improved safety of surgical skill are the big reason of reduced pregnancy related mortality rate. Bangladesh has the increasing CS rate on southern Asia. This study aimed to identify the different factors affecting the increasing rate of CS in Bangladesh This cross-sectional survey was conducted between January 2020 - March 2020 among the married women at reproductive age (15-49 years age) having at least one under five years child of Dhaka and Noakhali district in Bangladesh. A questionnaire was designed to survey the preference of their delivery mode. Bivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the factors. A total of 357 Bangladeshi women participated in the survey and 55.7% declared they would prefer normal vaginal delivery (NVD) and 37.3% had no clear preference. The actual scenario was the overall CS rate was 51.8% during 2015-2019. But it was very high (77.8%) for the 40 years and above women. The study revealed several important factors that significantly affect the increasing rate of CS for childbirth. Maternal age, religion, current place of residence, working status, monthly household income, birth order, marital age and year of childbirth were found to have significant effect on the high rate of CS. All those who have had face CS at least once in our study faced various problem, they reported. Most of them was feeling tired to do little work and suffered long term back pain. This study will help policy makers in formulating appropriate programs to cope with this challenge efficiently and effectively. Some Special programs should be taken to increase the social awareness and values to save both mother and child, which may lead to decrease the rate of CS in Bangladesh.
Shilpi Rani Saha, Md. Mobarak Hossain Khan
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 90-103; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci150

Abstract:
Novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic and life-threatening highly infectious disease outbreak. The people of Bangladesh are at high risk of COVID-19 and have already experienced various socio-economic, Physical health, and psychological consequences. Particularly, mental health problems are dominantly reported in the literature and should be controlled. The main objective of this epidemiological study is to assess the mental distress and identify its determinants using an online-based survey. Such information is urgently needed to develop feasible strategies for Bangladesh. An online survey was conducted for this study from May 01 to May 05, 2020. A total of 240 respondents provided self-reported online responses. Respondent’s mental distress was measured by the General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12) and by the self-rated mental health (SRMH) questions. Various kinds of statistical analyses ranging from simple to multivariable logistic recession were performed using SPSS 23.0. About 31.3% and 48.3% of respondents were mentally distressed by GHQ-12 and SRMH questions, respectively. Logistic regression analysis revealed that mental distress was significantly higher among those respondents, whose usual activity was affected by the coronavirus (OR = 6.40, 95% CI: 1.87 - 21.90, p<0.001) and whose financial stress was increased due to lockdown (OR = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.01 – 4.46, p<0.05) on GHQ-12. Female sex (OR = 1.97, 95% CI: 1.03 – 3.75, p<0.05) and respondents with poor mental health before the outbreak (OR = 3.38, 95% CI: 1.18 – 9.72, p<0.05) were also significantly affected by mental distress on SRMH. At least thirty-one percent of the respondents were found to be mentally distressed. Some of the study findings, particularly significant determinants, should be considered while developing strategies to reduce the burden of mental distress among study respondents or similar groups.
M. Shohel Rana, Mohammad Abu Tareq Rony, Nilufa Aktar, Kabir Hossain, Tonmoy Alam Shuvo, Susmita Begum, Asma Ul Hosna
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 53-68; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci128

Abstract:
To control and minimize, many countries have to try to impose radical lockdown, red zone and movement control or stay on their residents. The effectiveness of these alleviation measures is highly dependent on collaboration and the fulfillment of all members of a civilization. The knowledge, attitudes and practices people hold toward the disease play a vital role in determining a society’s willingness to accept behavioral change of the people. This study was to determine the Effect of COVID-19 in among the Bangladeshi public. A cross-sectional online survey of 260 Bangladeshi residents of various sectors and professions was conducted via Google form. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, t-tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were conducted. Principal component analysis (PCA) was considered to design a standardized scale to measure the mental stress and socioeconomic crisis. Logistic regression was applied to estimate the statistically significant association between different variables on awareness level of the country and cluster analysis (CA) was applied to examine the reliability of each item according to the components to develop a composite score. The overall rate of the level of awareness of Bangladeshi people was only 25%, although 96.9% knowing COVID-19 epidemic. The 33.5% maintain lock down and 40.0% people maintain social distance. We found lack consciousness of People spreadCOVID-19that maybe increase about 68.1% over the country and there is positive correlation between people knowing COVID-19 and awareness level. Losses in education sector are found statistically significant. The PC 1 (first principal component) explained 9.328 % of the variance which was moderate positive loaded with locality people maintain social distance (0.568) and strong positive loaded with people maintain lockdown in locality (0.619). Moreover, result shows that, stay at home was the best method to reduce this pandemic situation, and agriculture sector may overcome this economic distress. However, Meta-Analysis showed that there is strong association between awareness levels of COVID-19 and washing hands daily in the lockdown area.
Dewi Natalia Marpaung, Jesi Jecsen Pongkendek, Muhammad Fath Azzajjad, Sukirno Sukirno
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 69-73; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci105

Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to analyze student motivation in learning process teach by using Chemsketch. The type of this research is descriptive qualitative research, this research conducted in SMAN 2 Merauke in Papua. Technic that used to get the data using purpose sampling, total population are 28 students in Grade X IPA 2. The data in this research collected using questionnaire that given for student after finish learning process by using software chemsketch on topic hydrocarbon by giving checklist in every item. Based on data analysis, the result only three categorized that got from research, first are 11 student (39.28%) \categorized very high motivation, second are 16 students (57.14%) categorized high motivation , and the third is 1 student (3,5%) categorized medium. From the result showed that the use of chemsketch able to motivate student to learn chemistry especially hydrocarbon topic and for teacher can used as an alternative media for teaching.
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