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Satrio Ardi Nugroho
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 72-78; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9801

Abstract:
The aims of this research were: 1) to identify whether peer-editing can enhance the students’ skill in writing a narrative text and 2) to describe the situation of the classroom when peer-editing technique is implemented. The method research used was classroom action research which consisted of two cycle. Each cycle consisted of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. The research subject was the students of grade XI Bahasa dan Budaya of an SMA in Kudus in the academic year of 2019/2020. It comprised of 35 students with 12 boys and 23 girls. The qualitative data were collected by observation, questionnaire, and interview. The quantitative data were collected by conducting tests. The qualitative data were analyzed by condensing the data, displaying the data, and drawing conclusion. The quantitative data were analyzed by comparing the mean score of the students’ pre-test, post-test 1, and post-test 2. The result of the research showed that there were improvements on the students’ skill in writing a narrative text when peer-editing technique is implemented.Keywords: writing narrative text, peer-editing, classroom action research.
Allyda Ulfa Nafi'Ah, Rohmani Nur Indah, Toyyibah Toyyibah
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 60-65; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9660

Abstract:
Deictic expression is a noticeable item in linguistic studies to recognize the meaning of a specific context. Thus, pragmatic analysis in this research is to find five kinds of deixis those are: personal deixis (first, second, and third person deixis), place deixis, time deixis, social deixis and discourse deixis. The theory that is used in this research is the theory of deixis by Levinson (1983). The present study investigates the use of Deictic expression in five children picture storybook. The titles of each book are Reba wants ice cream, Gappu can't dance, Bunty and Bubbly, A new pet in the family, and under my bed. In this research, the researcher conducted a descriptive qualitative research. From two research problem of this study What types of deixis found in the children's story books? And what are the patterns of the Deixis types in children's storybooks? the researchers found that in all story books, personal deixis is the most identifiable type of deixis. Some pattern of the Deixis types in Children's storybooks like the word; I, now, there, this, mother was found in the sentences of the story. Key words: deixis, picture storybook, pragmatics
Lia Nurmalia, Danang Dwi Harmoko, Prapti Wigati Purwaningrum
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 19-25; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9869

Abstract:
The objectives of the research are to know the translation shift and the translation equivalence in The Sea of Monsters novel which is translated into “Laut Para Monster”. This research uses qualitative method through content analysis approach. The writers compared the source text (ST) and the target text (TT) then, did the analysis by using theories proposed by (Catford,1965) and (Nida,1982). The results show that the most shifting is unit shift, 65% and it reaches 77% formal equivalence. Those results show that TSu is well transferred into TSa in term of form and content. It can be seen from the translation shift which only happen at the word level, it seems that the translator is faithful to source text, while seen by the translation equivalence, seems that the writer is also faithful to target text.
David Togi Hutahaean, Herman Herman, Afrodita Friska Ferawati Girsang
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 39-46; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9218

Abstract:
– This research was a pragmatic approach, which was focused on politeness strategies found in Pesbukers Variety show. The objectives of this research were to analyzed types of politeness strategies, to find out the most dominant type of politeness strategies, and to know factors influenced the choice of politeness strategies found in Pesbukers variety show. The theory of politeness strategies by Brown and Levinson (1987) was used to analyze the politeness strategies. The research method was descriptive qualitative research with content analysis, because the data were collected from document. The researcher chooses episode 10 broadcasted on 15th May 2019 with duration 1 hour 12 minutes. There were some steps in collected the data, such as: familiarizing and organizing, coding and reducing, interpreting and representing. The result showed that there were37politeness strategies found in Pesbukers variety show, they were: bald on-record 6 (16%), positive politeness 26 (70%), negative politeness 4 (11%), and off-record 1 (3%).The most dominant type of politeness strategies found in Pesbukers variety show was positive politeness. Positive politeness was done by speaker and hearer to made enjoyable situation, build good relation, good interaction. The factor influenced choice of politeness strategies found in Pesbukers was circumstances. Circumstances deal with sociological variables include the relative power2 (5%) and social distance35 (95%). Relative power (P) used a greater degree of politeness with others who have higher power or authority. Social distance (D) saw as the composite of psychological factors such as status and age. In conclusion, with this research we must be careful when used a language to communicate with other so that the conversation become run well.
Sri Mulyati
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 54-59; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9424

Abstract:
Literature is expressions of artistic and imaginative facts as manifestation human life, through language which as media which has good efects towards human life. Literature is a form of creative works which has obejcts human and their living used language as a media. Literature is art activities that has signs as the tool and imaginative.The writer analyzed a poetry by Robert Frost “ The Road Not Taken”. This poetry published in 1916 and became the most famoaus poetry of frost. The analysis focuses on the theme of the poetry. This poetry inspired by real story of frost friend, Thomas Thompson.The theme of this poetry describes about a deep regret of the speaker, because he had made the wrong choice and didn’t take the other road. At first, he thought that the divergent choices were equally same, that is would end goods. The choice he made got him killed two years later at the battle of Arrasafter he gave the copy of his poetry
Esa Nur Hikmahwati, Dhafid Wahyu Utomo, Sutrisno Sadji Evenddy
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 01-07; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9690

Abstract:
This research was aimed to investigate what kind of politeness principle and most dominant type applied in the utterances of the main characters’ Akeelah and the Bee movie and strategies applied in their utterances of the main characters’ Akeelah and the Bee movie. A descriptive qualitative was employed in this research. It concerned with the description of the data in the form of utterances produced by the characters in which politeness principles and strategies exist. There were two sources in this research. The primary source was the script of the movie. The secondary sources were books. The results of this research were: first, the main characters applied agreement maxim, approbation maxim, tact maxim, modesty maxim, and sympathy maxim in their utterances and the most dominant type used is agreement maxim. Second, in the application of politeness strategies, the main characters applied Bald-on-record, positive politeness, negative politeness, and off-record in their utterances. Keywords: Akeelah and the Bee, politeness principles, politeness strategies.
Kriswanda Krishnapatria
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 26-31; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.8912

Abstract:
This paper investigates and analyses the irony in Ang Lee’s movie: Life of Pi (2012). Irony is one type of satire figure of speech, a language style that is used as a subtle insinuation and contains statements that are very contradictory or inversely proportional to the existing reality. Furthermore, there are three most commonly used irony in literature, which are verbal, situational, and dramatic. The research method applied is descriptive analytic to describe the meaning and context of irony found in Life of Pi. The conclusion is that Ang Lee’s Life of Pi is full of situational irony, thus makes it fascinating to watch and to discuss. Besides, dramatic irony was also found, and it was applied in order to preserve the audience interest’s, provoke curiosity, and make a contrast between the situation of the characters and the later scene that ultimately unfolded. This paper also shows that the cinematographic aspect related to the analysed narration could dramatically add insightful meanings to the irony.
Irza Yuzulia
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 08-12; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9759

Abstract:
- The global spread of COVID-19 pandemic causes class suspensions resulting in the needs of online learning . Online learning becomes a new challenge for the students and teachers in this pandemic situation. The present research is aimed to investigate the challenges and problems faced by the students during online learning in this covid pandemic situation. The respondents of this research were 54 students in Senior High School. The results showed that the students faced some difficulties in learning online such as poor internet connection, lack of motivation, easily getting distracted and more stressful due to the teachers’ amount of tasks. It is hoped that the teacher can deliver interesting methods and techniques in teaching online to foster students’ motivation and performance in this pandemic situation.Keywords: covid-19, online learning, Students’ perception.Abstrak - Penyebaran global pandemi COVID-19 menyebabkan penangguhan kelas yang mengakibatkan kebutuhan pembelajaran online. Pembelajaran online menjadi tantangan baru bagi siswa dan guru dalam situasi pandemi ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tantangan dan permasalahan yang dihadapi siswa selama pembelajaran online dalam situasi pandemi covid. Responden penelitian ini adalah 54 siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa siswa menghadapi beberapa kesulitan dalam belajar online seperti koneksi internet yang buruk, motivasi yang berkurang, sulit berkonsentrasi selama pembelajaran online dan menjadi lebih stres karena banyaknya tugas yang diberikan guru. Diharapkan guru dapat menyampaikan metode dan teknik yang menarik dalam pengajaran online untuk menumbuhkan motivasi dan kinerja siswa dalam situasi pandemi ini.Kata kunci: covid-19, pembelajaran online, persepsi siswa.
Silvia Ratna Juwita, Nia Puspita Hapsari
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 79-84; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.10197

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan mengaji kesalahan berbahasa pada penulisan tugas mata kuliah universitas (MKU) mahasiswa pembelajaran online learning Universitas Esa Unggul masa pandemi Covid-19. Proses kerja penelitian kualitatif dengan metode analisis isi digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Data penelitian ini adalah tugas mahasiswa pada tiga mata kuliah univeritas: Bahasa Indonesia, Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, dan Agama Islam. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah tugas mahasiswa pada online learning semester ganjil 2020 masa pandemi Covid-19. Temuan penelitian ini berupa (1) kesalahan penulisan konjungsi, (2) kesalahan penulisan huruf kapital, (3) kesalahan penggunaan tanda baca, dan (4) kesalahan penulisan kata baku. Kegunaan dari penelitian ini selain untuk menambah wawasan bagi khalayak umum juga sebagai pertimbangan materi ajar bagi perguruan tinggi dan menengah.
Dwi Indarti
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 47-53; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9683

Abstract:
The present study compares the lexical richness of 30 essays taken from the same class of University of Bina Sarana Informatika (henceforth mentioned as UBSI)’s students. The 30 essays were written by female and male of English Department students during their first, second, and third semester. This paper uses Web-based Second Language (L2) Lexical Frequency Profile (LFP), a batch mode of the web-based interface to the lexical richness proposed by Laufer and Nation (1995) which allows the users to calculate and to analyze the lexical richness of a corpus of text files at one time. The focus of this study is merely on the score of tokens, types and type-token ratio (TTR). The results show that the average of tokens produced by male students is higher than female students. In term of types, the average types of female students are lower than male students. Meanwhile, the highest TTR score was gained by female students (0.60) and the lowest TTR score was produced by male students (0.55), both in the second semester. A big TTR Score indicates a high lexical richness, while a small TTR shows a low lexical richness. By comparing the lexical richness of students’ writings, this study is expected to show the students’ writing skill improvement or impairment during first three semesters of studying English.
Sendi Winaryo, Rosalin Ismayoeng Gusdian
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 13-18; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9812

Abstract:
This research aimed at investigating English Language Education department students’ speaking fluency level. The research subjects were twelve third-semester students of English Language Education Department at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. Mixed method was used in this research. The data were collected in the form of audio transcription. Three fluency standards were used, namely speech rate, pause rate, and disfluent syllable. The result showed that all of the students obtained the disfluent syllable, with a score below 30 disfluencies per minute. The majority of students obtained a low level of speaking fluency in terms of speech rate and pause rate. The average of students’ speech rate was below 162 syllables per minute and the majority of students’ pause rate was above 1 second. In conclusion, two students achieved level 3 (good) of speaking fluency and ten other students achieved level 2 (intermediate). Key Word: English language education students, fluency level, speaking
, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat, Alek Alek
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 32-38; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9744

Abstract:
Beautiful words have special meanings and involve expressing ideas in song lyrics through figurative language. This study discussed an analysis of the figurative language in the Maroon 5 song’s lyrics. This study emphasizes the use of figurative language and meaning in the lyrics of the song "Nobody's Love" by Maroon 5. Furthermore, the data source was taken from the lyrics of the Maroon 5 song lyrics. This research employed the descriptive qualitative model. In the analysis, the procedure began by reading the lyrics. Second, the researchers sought to identify words, phrases, and phrases that involved figurative language and catch each figurative language's context. Thirdly, the researchers took some notes about figurative language. Finally, the researchers classified and re-checked the details and analyzed them. The next step was the discussion of each category's results. The last step was drawing conclusions based on the report. The data showed five types of figurative language found in the lyrics of this song: Personification 20%, Hyperbole 30%, Irony 20%, Simile 20%, and Repetition 20%.
Sunggi Murniasih, Dwi Gusti Yolanda, Cintya Nurika Irma
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 66-71; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9753

Abstract:
Karya sastra merupakan bentuk kegiatan kreatif dan produktif dalam menghasilkan sebuah karya sastra yeng memiliki nilai rasa estetis serta mencerminkan realitas sosial kemasyarakatan. Salah satu nilai dalam sebuah karya sastra yang dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pembeajaran yaitu nilai pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan nilai pendidikan karakter yang terdapat dalam novel Tapak Jejak karya Fiersa Besari. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan teknik baca dan teknik catat. Teknik validitas data dalam penelitian ini dengan triangulasi data. Berdasarkan hasil analisis tersebut, diperoleh nilai pendidikan karakter yang terkandung dalam novel Tapak Jejak karya Fiersa Besari, meliputi (1) religius (2) jujur, (3) kreatifitas, (4) semangat kebangsaan, (5) cinta tanah air, (6) komunikatif, (7) cinta damai.Kata kunci: nilai pendidikan karakter, novel, tokoh utama
Linda Purnamasari, Puspita Chairun Nisa
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 242-246; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8322

Abstract:
Permainan Dart Board adalah permainan yang menggunakan alat bernama ‘anak panah.’ Anak panah itu akan diarahkan ke sasaran yang berupa papan sasaran. Kalau dalam permainan internasional, ada aturan khusus dan hitungan tertentu untuk menilai keberhasilan dari para pemain, namun kali ini permainan Dart Board ini ditujukan untuk melatih fokus seseorang. di mana pada permainan‘Dart Board’ ini, kita mencoba mengumpulkan fokus kita pada satu sasaran yang berupa papan bundar. Latihan fokus ini diperlukan di segala bidang, tapi kali ini penulis akan membahas latihan fokus berdasarkan bidang bahasa, khususnya pada kemampuan mendengarkan (Listening Comprehension Skill) pada waktu mengerjakan soal TOEP (Test of English Prociency).
Nungki Heriyati
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 259-265; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8782

Abstract:
Artikel ini bermaksud untuk mengungkapkan dekonstruksi sosok abjek yang diangkat dalam tiga cerita pendek karya Intan Paramaditha. Ketiga cerita pendek tersebut mengetengahkan sosok perempuan yang dijadikan abjek. Mereka digambarkan seperti monster yang menakutkan dan harus disingkirkan karena bukan bagian dari diri yang bersih. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deksripsi analisis yang berupaya mengungkapkan persoalan perempuan abjek secara mendetail dan komprehensif. Dengan menggunakan teori abjek yang digagas oleh Kristeva (1982) penelitian ini mengungkapkan perempuan yang direpresentasikan sebagai monster yang menjijikan, menakutkan, dan meneror adalah konstruksi patriarki. Mereka dibungkam dan tidak mampu menyuarakan dirinya. Dekonstruksi yang di hadirkan teks mampu mengaburkan dikotomi perempuan baik-baik dan perempuan jalang sehingga membongkat konstuksi negatif dari sistem patriarki yang lekat dengan sosok abjek dan merayakan kembalinya tubuh maternal.
Syamsul Ghufron, Lia Fitri Sri Adiyati, Markub Markub
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 149-157; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8796

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kesalahan ejaan dan kesalahan kalimat dalam surat izin siswa MTs Al-Muslimun Kawistolegi. Penelitian ini tergolong penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Data penelitian ini adalah kesalahan ejaan dan kesalahan kalimat dalam surat izin siswa MTs Al-Muslimun Kawistolegi. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik tes, teknik simak, dan teknik catat dengan instrumen penelitian berupa soal tes perintah menulis surat izin kepada siswa dan lembar korpus data. Metode simak adalah cara yang digunakan untuk memperoleh data dilakukan dengan menyimak penggunaan bahasa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan hal-hal sebagai berikut. Dalam surat izin siswa MTs Al-Muslimun Kawistolegi terdapat kesalahan ejaan berupa kesalahan penulisan kata dasar, kesalahan pemakaian huruf kapital, kesalahan penulisan kata depan, kesalahan penulisan singkatan, dan kesalahan pemakaian tanda baca titik dan koma. Kesalahan kalimat yang ditemukan dalam penelitian ini adalah kalimat tidak gramatikal karena tidak adanya subjek dan predikat dan kalimat tidak hemat karena adanya kata yang tidak jelas fungsinya serta adanya dua kata yang sama maknanya sama.
Lastry Monika
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 181-190; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8786

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis film The Pianist yang disutradarai oleh Roman Polanski pada tahun 2002. Analisis tersebut dilakukan berdasarkan sudut pandang filsafat politik yang dikemukakan oleh Giorgio Agamben. Analisis dalam penelitian ini ialah mengenai kondisi sosial ketika terjadinya invasi Polandia oleh Jerman Nazi yang totaliter pada tahun 1939 yang tervisualisasi dalam film The Pianist. Kondisi sosial yang dimaksud di antaranya berupa HAM masyarakat sipil yang menjadi suatu problematik bagi Polandia jika dilindungi atau tidak dilindungi dan kelompok-kelompok yang di-homo sacer-kan ketika terjadinya invasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Polandia berada di luar hukum atau menangguhkan hukum untuk melindungi dirinya dari invasi Jerman Nazi. Oleh sebab itu, Polandia tidak memenuhi kewenangannya untuk memberi keamanan, keadilan, dan pelayanan sosial, terutama terhadap kelompok yang di-homo sacer-kan. Kelompok-kelompok yang di-homo sacer-kan dalam hal ini ialah Yahudi Polandia. Kelompok Yahudi Polandia mengalami penangguhan dan diskriminasi terhadap hak kewarganegaraan mereka. Penangguhan dan diskriminasi tersebut merupakan dampak dari kewenangan Polandia yang berada di luar hukum untuk melindungi kedaulatan negara atas invasi Jerman Nazi.
Andika Hendra Mustaqim
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 191-201; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8751

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis implikatur pada berita terjemahan pada situs berita BBCIndonesia.com dengan membandingkan dengan situs berita aslinya BBC.com. Dengan menggunakan metode analisis teks, penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan berparadigma konstruktivis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan implikatur memiliki peran yang sangat signifikan dalam proses penerjemahan. Pemahaman terhadap implikatur melalui prinsip kerja sama Grice menjadikan proses penerjemahan lebih memperhatikan keseimbangan makna antara bahasa sumber dan bahasa sasaran. Itu dikarenakan proses penerjemahan merupakan bentuk komunikasi antara penerjemah dengan pembacanya.
I Gusti Agung Sri Rwa Jayantini, Ronald Umbas, Ni Nyoman Ayu Dewi Lestari
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 142-148; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8591

Abstract:
Sebagai salah satu genre karya sastra, puisi menjadi representasi universal yang menguatkan komunikasi antarindividu melalui gaya bahasa yang digunakan oleh sang penyair. Penggambaran suasana bertentangan yang dapat dicapai melalui paradoks membuat puisi mampu memacu daya analitis pembaca karena mereka harus mengulik makna dibalik pernyataan yang kontradiktif. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mengidentifikasi paradoks dan cara pengungkapannya dalam kumpulan puisi ”The Sun and Her Flowers” karya penyair yang terkenal di media sosial Instagram, Rupi Kaur. Analisis didasarkan pada fitur khas paradoks dari Morner dan Rausch (1991). Penelitian kualitatif berupa analisis konten (content analysis) ini dilakukan dengan pendekatan stilistika melalui langkah interpretasi puisi (Griffith, 2010). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa paradoks yang ditemukan bersifat retorik dengan dua cara interpretasi untuk memahami hubungan kontradiktif yang terjadi yaitu (1) paradoks yang diungkapkan melalui diksi dan (2) paradoks yang disampaikan melalui deskripsi paradoksal. Tujuan penggambaran suasana melalui gaya bahasa paradoks lebih dari sekadar membangun interpretasi. Paradoks dalam puisi memancing pemikiran kritis pembaca yang menginterpretasi makna di balik proposisi bertentangan.Kata kunci: paradoks, diksi, deskripsi paradoksal
Herman Herman, Hilman Pardede
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 137-141; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8464

Abstract:
This research is entitled Deixis in the Business Article of The Jakarta Post. This research is conducted in order to find out the deixis in the business article of the Jakarta Post and five articles are taken as the samples. The data is analyzed through a pragmatic theory stated by Levinson theory. The theory divides the types of deixis into 5 types, (1) person deixis (2) place deixis (3) time deixis (4) discourse deixis (5) social deixis. Problem discussed in this research: 1) what types of deixis found in the article of Jakarta Post? 2)what is the dominant type of deixis found in the article of Jakarta Post? The research method in this research used is qualitative description. The data of this research were taken from the article of the Jakarta Post. Finally, the findings show: 1) all types of deixis found in the article of the Jakarta Post, 2) the dominant types of deixis found in the article of the Jakarta Post.
Rizky Mirani Desi Pratama, Dwi Puji Hastuti
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 288-295; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8996

Abstract:
The research aims to find the classification types of code switching and code mixing in twivortiare 2 novel then describe the influencing using types of code switching and code mixing in the novel. Descriptive qualitative method are used as the methodology in this research which means classify types of code switching and code mixing every sentences clearly through the dialogue of the novel. The research focused on the types of code switching (inter-sentential, intra-sentential, and tag-switching) and types of code mixing (insertion, alternation, and Congruent Lexicalization) while combine with influencing of used it. The results of the research many utterance are most of utterance using code mixing – insertation and code switching – intra-setential.
Zulfikar Zulfikar, Cut Tarri Aulia
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 171-180; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8579

Abstract:
Applying collaborative approaches in teaching writing has been shown to have a myriad of advantages. Most of the studies on collaborative writing in language teaching, however, have focused on second language rather than foreign language contexts. This study investigated perceptions of Acehnese EFL college students toward the implementation of collaborative writing in their EFL classrooms at Ar-Raniry State Islamic University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The general design of the research was qualitative in nature since the study used narrative inquiry as the research instrument and emphasized on each participant’s learning experiences with collaborative writing strategy. In order to understand the participants’ perceptions of collaborative learning, the researcher observed, took notes and recorded each of their interview responses. The overall results revealed that collaborative writing was perceived as beneficial for not only improving accuracy and clarity of the EFL students’ writing, but also providing the opportunity for them to pool their ideas, reduce their apprehension, and increase their self-confidence. Results also showed that the EFL students believed that collaborative project writing was not always feasible due to their different writing style, social loafing, as well as time pressure. These findings could function as important intellectual resources for more effective collaborative writing implementation. The study concludes with recommendations for further pedagogical explorations on different aspects of collaborative writing in EFL context in the future.
Nasriandi Nasriandi, Jusriati Jusriati, Syahrir Syahrir
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 215-222; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8754

Abstract:
This research is attempt to discovers the TU and VOS forms in Tae’ Bastem language and in English, TU and VOS form was first discovered by Brown and Gilman in 1960. TU represents the pronoun that is used in informal/familiar situation and VOS is used in a formal/polite situation. However, the writer sees that TU and VOS is cultural and it will differ from culture to culture. The researcher found TU and VOS forms in Tae’ Bastem, in fact there are six second person pronoun found in Tae’ Bastem,pronoun pronoun “ki”, and “ta”, pronoun “ki”, and “ta” are used in formal situation or in polite speech, and pronoun “ko” and “mu” are used in informal or impolite speech. Another finding that the writer found is in Tae’ Bastem, there are two pronoun which are used in both situation, whether in informal or formal, polite or impolite speech, which are the pronoun “mi” and “kun”, pronoun “mi” and “kun” are used in polite or impolite speech. Otherwise, TU and VOS are not found in English, even in the southern English in America, the only second person pronoun which exist in English is “YOU” , and it is used both in formal/informal or polite/impolite situation. However English speaker, especially those who live in southern part of the United states of America, they have their own way in order to distinguish utterances in formal or informal, in formal situation or in polite speech which are; to say “please” when asking for something, to say “thank you” before or after, saying “yes ma’am” “no ma’am”, soft spoken, maintaining eye contact, and even always be aware of voice tone.Keywords: Brown and Gilman, TU and VOS forms, second person pronoun
Way Warti
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 164-170; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8631

Abstract:
English for Specific Purposes, known as ESP, has been a requirement in the field of English Language Teaching ,especially in the vocational college level. This case study aims at investigating the ESP language needs of students at Politeknik Tonggak Equator in Pontianak. The need analysis was based on the Hutchinson & Waters model, The Learning-Centered Approach Model, which is classified into two: target situation needs and learning needs. This study focused on the target need that includes “necessities”, “lacks” and “wants”aspects. Interviews to infer information for qualitative analysis were conducted with 10 students at the sixth semester of English Business and Management program. The findings revealed that students who were working at various companies confirmed that their necessities was to learn a much better skilled english to support their works. In term of lacks, some learners admitted that they had to improve their communication skills and the wants were to be able to communicate in the form of speaking and writing. Keywords : ESP, need analysis, the learning centred approach
Istihayyu Buansari, Ahmad Supriatno, Maulani Pangestu
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 247-258; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8427

Abstract:
- Banking terminology is specialized language which is quite distinct from the translation of general texts. Specialized translation is meant to improve the communication among experts of a domain and to contribute to the distribution of knowledge across language boundaries. In this research the writer tried to use banking document as the corpus in finding banking terminology. The main focus was the translation of banking terminology in Financial Review of Bank Central Asia into Indonesian, translated by Anang Fachruddin, a sworn translator having its official address in Kalibata. This document is selected to be the subject of this thesis corpus, since there is a number of banking terminology found there. Conducted as a descriptive analytical study, this research was aimed at (1) Identifying the procedures applied in translating banking terminology in legal documents, and (2) to find out to what extent that the use of procedure effect the meaning. The writer chooses Peter Newmark theory of translation procedure since it contains more detail information and explanation. From the total number of 98 terminologies occurred in Financial Review of Bank Central Asia, the writer only found ten out of eighteen procedures of Peter Newmark applied in translating banking terminology in legal document. The procedures are; (1) Literal Translation (34.02%), (2) Transference (26.5%), (3) Naturalization (8.1%), (4) Functional Equivalent (3.0%), (5) Descriptive Equivalent (10.2%), (6) Synonym (3.0%), (7) Shift or Transposition (4.0%), (8) Reduction and Expansion (5.1%), (9) Equivalence and Adaptation (1.0%), (10) Couplets (2.0%). Overall, the Indonesian translated version of banking terminologies did not changed the meaning of the source text which is English version. Keywords: Translation, Sworn Translation, Banking, Legal Document. Abstrak: Istilah perbankan merupakan bagian dari bahasa khusus yang bentuknya berbeda dengan nas umum. Penerjemahan khusus bertujuan untuk meningkatkan komunikasi diantara ahli dan berperan serta dalam memberikan pengetahuan melewati batasan bahasa. Dalam penelitian ini penulis berusaha menggunakan dokumen perbankan sebagai korpus penulisan dalam menemukan istilah perbankan. Fokus utamanya adalah penerjemahan istilah perbankan dalam Tinjauan Keuangan Bank Central Asia ke dalam bahasa Indonesia, diterjemahkan oleh Anang Fachruddin, seorang penerjemah tersumpah berkantor di daerah Kalibata. Dokumen ini dipilih menjadi korpus penulisan karena ada banyak istilah perbankan yang ditemukan disana. Dilaksanakan sebagai penelitian Deskriptif Analisis, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) mengenali prosedur yang dipakai dalam menerjemahkan istilah perbankan dalam dokumen legal dan (2) mencari tahu sampai sejauh mana penggunaan prosedur diatas mempengaruhi makna. Penulis menggunakan teori Peter Newmark mengenai prosedur penerjemahan karena teori tersebut berisikan lebih bnyak informasi dan penjelasan. Dari 98 istilah yang ditemukan dalam Tinjauan Keuangan Bank Central Asia, penulis hanya menemukan sepuluh dari delapan belas prosedur Peter Newmark yang diterapkan dalam menerjemahkan istilah perbankan di dokumen legal. Prosedur tersebut adalah; (1) Literal Translation (34.02%), (2) Transference (26.5%), (3) Naturalization (8.1%), (4) Functional Equivalent (3.0%), (5) Descriptive Equivalent (10.2%), (6) Synonym (3.0%), (7) Shift atau Transposition (4.0%), (8) Reduction dan Expansion (5.1%), (9) Equivalence dan Adaptation (1.0%), (10) Couplets (2.0%). Secara keseluruhan, istilah perbankan yang diterjemahan ke bahasa indonesia tidak merubah makna dari bahasa sumber atau bahasa Inggris. Kata Kunci: Penerjemahan, Penerjemahan Tersumpah, Perbankan, Dokumen Legal
, Rosmiati Rosmiati
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 129-136; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8372

Abstract:
Cultural aspect and experiential basis is two of the components in the metaphor production. Several studies have been conducted in conceptual metaphor framework, but there haven’t many of the studies relate how the daily Indonesian cultural life affects the metaphor production. This paper aims to focus on the use of Indonesian cooking terms in media news headlines. The conceptual metaphor theory (Lakoff and Johnson, 1980) is used as the theoretical framework. Qualitative method is used during this study with purposive sampling data collection method. The source of the data is ten news headlines from Indonesian online media news that use cooking terms metaphor. The result shows that the metaphorical use of Indonesian cooking terms come from two types, the first is the level of cooking with words mentah (raw/undercooked), and matang (fully cooked) to describe a progress of a plan or policy draft, and the second type is process of cooking by using godok (to boil) and goreng (to fry) but with a different target domain. The result also shows that the use of godog (to boil) as metaphor refer to a plan or a program that are being prepared and being discussed and implies a positive association, whereas the metaphorical use of menggoreng (to fry) tends to be more negative as it refers to an exaggerated (political) issue.
Dwi Indarti
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 105-111; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8063

Abstract:
Stand-up comedy is a popular phenomenon entertainment featuring a solo performer, called as Comic who narrates a comical story in front of live audiences. Since it was first developed in the United States, stand-up comedy has been flourishing all over the world. Stand-up comedy programs have become the most interesting television shows in Indonesia. It could be seen by the number of programs in some local television channels. One of them is SUCI (Indonesian Stand-up Comedy) broadcasted by Kompas TV. SUCI is a stand-up comedy competition purposes to seek the best Indonesian Comic. This paper aims to analyze the sequential organization of three Indonesian Comics who performed in Grand Final SUCI season five. Using the serial sequential organization proposed by Scarpetta and Spagnolli (2009) as the theoretical framework, this study outlines the narrative of the stand-up comedy’s texts and seeks whether there is a difference between the three finalists of SUCI 5 in delivering their narratives.
Nur Azimatul Ummah, Syamsul Ghufron, Suharmono Kasiyun, Dewi Widiana Rahayu
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 120-128; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8346

Abstract:
Abstrak - Tujuan umum penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan pembelajaran keterampilan berbicara siswa di kelas IV sekolah dasar. Adapun tujuan khusus penelitian ini diperinci dalam tiga hal yakni: (1) mendeskripsikan keterampilan berbicara siswa, (2) mendeskripsikan hambatan dalam keterampilan berbicara, dan (3) solusi guru. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini berupa tes kinerja (performance assessment) dan wawancara. Sumber data diambil dari siswa dan guru kelas IV B di SDN Keboansikep 01 Gedangan Sidoarjo. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini berupa tabel distribusi frekuensi dan statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keterampilan berbicara siswa kelas IV B di SDN Keboansikep 01 Gedangan Sidoarjo masih tergolong rendah. Berdasarkan hasil tes menunjukkan bahwa 76% siswa tidak memenuhi batas KKM (skor 75). Adapun hambatan siswa dalam keterampilan berbicara yakni, (1) sulitnya siswa dalam mengeluarkan ide, (2) sulitnya siswa dalam memilih kata, dan (3) kurangnya percaya diri siswa. Solusi yang diberikan guru dalam mengatasi hambatan yang dialami siswa meliputi (1) memberikan motivasi kepada siswa, (2) membuat pembelajaran kreatif dan inovatif, dan (3) memberikan reward kepada siswa.
Dwi Windah Wulansari
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 229-235; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8516

Abstract:
Abstrak - Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari bias gender yang terdapat pada hasil terjemahan buku cerita anak di bandingankan dengan hasil terjemahan google translate. Dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah dongeng Bawang Merah dan Bawang Putih yang diterjemahkan dan diceritakan kembali oleh Gibran Maulana dan diterjemahkan melalui aplikasi Google Translate Hasil penerjemahan antara Google Translate dan penerjemah hampir sama yaitu mengenai nama tokoh, nama ganti orang dan nama ganti kepemilikan. Pada aplikasi Google Translate dapat melakukan kesalahan karena konteks, budaya, nama orang, dan kata ganti orang tidak dapat terbaca dalam aplikasi tersebut. sedangakan hasil terjemahan dari penerjemah mengalami human error. Penerjemah dalam buku cerita anak masih belum bisa lepas dari pengaruh ideologi patriarki yang dapat ditujukkan dalam peran gender tradisional yang digambarkan yang membuat peran laki-laki lebih unggul daripada perempuan. Kata Kunci: bias gender, cerita dongeng, google translate Abstract - This study aims to look for gender biases found in the results of the translation of children's storybooks in light with the results of the google translate translation. In this study using a qualitative descriptive method. The data source in this study is the fairy tale of Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih which were translated and retold by Gibran Maulana and translated through the Google Translate application. The results of the translation between Google Translate and the translator are almost the same, namely regarding the names of characters, people's names and ownership names. The Google Translate application can make mistakes because the context, culture, people's names, and pronouns cannot be read in the application. while the translation results from translators experienced human error. Translators in children's story books still cannot be separated from the influence of patriarchal ideology which can be shown in traditional gender roles which are described which make the role of men superior to women. Keyoword : gender bias, fairy tales, google translate
Sri Mulyati
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 202-208; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8368

Abstract:
Linguistics is a science study about the using of language and its provisions inside. Historically, linguistics comes from Latin language "lingua" which means "language", in English "language" and in French it is known as "Parole" which means "utterance".To make it easier in learning and mastering linguistics, linguistics is divided into several branches of science, namely: Morphology, Phonology, Syntax, Pragmatics, semiotics, and Semantics. Linguistics focuses on human language as communitaion tool and all its aspects within it as a universal unit.This study the writer only focuses on phonetic study for long and short vowels sound in an English song lyrick. Through understanding phonetic in English song lyrick. In phonetic study, long and short vowels sound pronounciation can affected the meaning of the words. So do In English song lyricks.The result of the analysis that English song lyrick chosen is dominted by long vowels sound; /ɑ:/, /i:/, /u:/, and /aɪ/.
Krisna Yudha Bakhti
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 158-163; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8781

Abstract:
The language features of job advertisements are in the form of simple sentences and complex nominal groups so that a job advertisement can cause different perceptions between one reader and another. Therefore, carefulness in understanding job advertisements is a matter of urgency. One characteristic of a complex nominal group is the use of a post-nominal modifier which functions to give a clear meaning to the nominal group itself. This study examines the use of post-nominal modifiers which aim to identify the constituent elements and types of circumstantial elements in post-nominal modifiers contained in English language job advertisements. The job advertisements were obtained from one of the largest job market websites in Indonesia, jobstreet.com. This study used descriptive qualitative method through the Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) approach. From this study, it was found that all post-nominal modifiers consisted of prepositional phrases with the preposition "in" (60%), "of" (14.3%), "with" (11.4%), "As" (4.3%), and "at", "for", and "to" (1.4%). Meanwhile, the types of circumstantial elements found in the post-nominal modifier were the type of matter (80%), manner-means category (7.1%), accompaniment-comitative category (4.3%), location- place category (4.3%), and the role-guise category (4.3%).
Sulhizah Wulan Sari, Rini Martiwi
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 278-287; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8989

Abstract:
This research aims at investigating the composing of the portmanteau word in food and beverage names or brands in Indonesia referring to the types of blending in the source word proposed by John Algeo. Based on the linguistic and cultural view, the fact shows the name or brand of foods and beverages carry their characteristics, identities, and motives in its usage. The descriptive qualitative method is applied in this study by collecting the English food and beverage name or brand taken from offline and online searching. Offline data is searched by the observation in Mall, shop, and restaurant. Online data is gained from the internet web starting from March up to May. The collected data from online and offline is tabulated all together into types of blending then shorted the source word to reveal the structure of the word class and its phonology. This study brings out the results of the blending process into 4 categories: Complex Clipped Word, Back Clipped Word, The combination of Fore and Back Clipped Word, and Phonemic Overlapping and Clipping. The culture contained in the portmanteau words (the English foods and beverages name) is revealed in the origins of the source words (Borrowing word). They are 13 borrowed words are composed of the name of English foods and beverages. This study is important to develop the fundamental aspects of blending in English food and beverages in Indonesia by looking at the linguistic view and its relation to cultural view.
Jusriati Jusriati, Nasriandi Nasriandi, Puspa Sari
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 209-214; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8752

Abstract:
This research identified types and the dominant communication styles used by a teacher in EFL classroom interaction based on theory of Mikoluk (2013) and Lanz (2015). Descriptive qualitative research method was applied to find out the phenomena of communication styles used by the teacher in EFL classroom interaction. The subject of this research is single participant, a teacher of SMA Negeri 3 Palopo. The participant was chosen by using purposive sampling technique. The researcher observed and interviewed the teacher to reveal the phenomena under investigation. Observation was conducted in six meetings from different context such as different class, time and learning topic. The researcher conducted observation by using audio recorder and field notes. Audio recorder was used to record teacher’s utterance in the teaching and learning process. Meanwhile field notes used by the researcher to obtain more accurate data. Interview was used to know the teacher’s dominant communication styles. The result of this research showed that there were three types of communication styles that used by the teacher in EFL classroom interaction namely aggressive style, assertive style, and passive style and the dominant one was aggressive style.
Prapti Wigati Purwaningrum
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 112-119; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8096

Abstract:
Abstrak - Penelitian ini membahas variasi leksikal di Kabupaten Kebumen pada tataran leksikon. Kabupaten Kebumen secara geografis terletak diantara Kabupaten Banyumas dengan dialek ngapak dan Kabupaten Purworejo dengan dialek bandek. Titik pengamatan dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 5 desa yang merupakan daerah-daerah yang berada dekat dengan perbatasan Kabupaten Banyumas dan Kabupaten Purworejo yaitu Desa Rowokele, Desa Bumiagung, Desa Pejagoan, Desa Kutowinangun, Desa Tunggalroso. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode simak dan cakap. Data-data yang telah terkumpul kemudian dianalisis menggunakan metode padan dengan teknik hubung banding membedakan dan teknik hubung banding menyamakan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ditemukan variasi leksikon di Kabupaten Kebumen. Variasi leksikon meliputi gejala onomasiologis dan semasiologis. Variasi leksikal dipengaruhi oleh letak geografis pada titik daerah pengamatan. Selain itu ditemukan juga ternyata leksikon-leksikon tersebut dalam penggunaanya disesuaikan dengan kapan, diamana, dan kepada siapa mereka bertutur, jadi hal ini juga cukup mempengaruhi satu varisai leksikal digunakan di wilayah yang berbeda. karena Kabupaten Kebumen cukup mendapat pengaruh kedua Kabupaten yaitu Banyumas dan Purworejo, jadi tuturan-tuturan yang digunakan terkadang saling bertukar dan dipahami oleh masing-masing penutur maupun mitra tuturnya. Hal ini menjadi saling melengkapi dan bervariasi pada leksikonnya. Kata Kunci: variasi Leksikal, semasiologis, onomasiologis, Bahasa Jawa, Kabupaten Kebumen
Nur Ahmad Salman Herbowo, Sulastri Sulastri
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 223-228; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8744

Abstract:
This research uses Multimedia Crystal Publisher as a material object. The formal object is using the theory of literary sociology proposed by Robert Escarpit. The study of Escarpit's literary sociology is to analyze matters relating to the production, distribution and consumption of literary books. This study only at the stage of the production process (the process of re-publishing the Kaba and Tambo books). The existence of publishers has an important role in the preservation of folk literature in Minangkabau. Minangkabau folk literature presented with oral traditions is a consideration of the importance of printing the work into books. Minangkabau folk literature is a form of local wisdom in which there are values and philosophies of life from past historical and cultural events. So the current generation needs to know the stories contained in Kaba and Tambo. Publisher's work in reprinting classical literature is a form of efforts to save Minangkabau literature from extinction. Publisher Kristal Multimedia has republished two Tambo books and eighteen Kaba books, the results of which are printed and digital books (e-books). The work carried out by Crystal Multimedia publisher is a form of efforts to preserve literary works based on local wisdom.
Nabila Myrrha Rahmawati
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 236-241; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8668

Abstract:
Literary works have attracted more attention as a pedagogical instrument in enhancing vocabulary in recent years. Short stories refer to the learning media that is applied by the teacher to help the student in improving student’s vocabulary based on the context of reading a certain text. The Increased interest in a student-centered approach makes this short story received attention from a variety of studies. In the case of students must be more active in the learning process.The activity lets the students explore various new words, the content of the story and also sentence structure. The focus of the activity is to define and understand the words in a specific context based on the content of the text. This paper is a literature review from a previous study of short stories in English as a Second / Foreign Language context (ESL / EFL). The ten short story studies from the last ten years were widely reviewed and systematically analyzed. A short story from the study reviewed is about the quality of student vocabulary results in the context of EFL / ESL due to understanding vocabulary plays an important role in learning English. As a critical review paper of these studies, this paper highlights the obstacles faced during a teaching in improving vocabulary and the practicality of short stories as an effective pedagogical instrument in improving vocabulary. This study hopes that it can be useful and used effectively by educators in the ESL and EFL classrooms in the future. Keywords: Short Story, vocabulary learning, learning and teaching activity
L.M Ady Marlan Wardoyo Hasim, Lia Maulia Indrayani, Ypsi Soeria Soemantri
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 272-277; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8917

Abstract:
On 25 September 2019, Indonesia Lawyers Club (ILC) have made themes Rancangan Kitab Undang Undang Hukum Pidana controversy or RKUHP controversy. ILC discusses several chapters that invite the pros and cons in the interpersonal community of the article concerning the insult to the President and Vice President, article on the possession of supernatural powers to commit a criminal offense, article on poultry breeding, article on demonstrating contraceptives, articles on abortion, and other. In the critical paradigm, the use of language in the media is intentional and has a specific purpose. Seeing this, researchers are interested in seeing the discourse built in the talk show. The researchers used a critical discourse analysis technique model (Teun van Dijk) and found that ILC built a discourse that article RKUHP serves the interests of the Government. The RKUHP intervenes in the privacy of the community, and RKUHP discriminates against certain groups. This discourse also shows the definition and positioning of the ILC position on the participants of the production discourse. ILC placed Karni Iliyas as the dominant moderator so that his reality could be accepted by the public as truth. using the technique of text analysis, social cognition, and context, researchers found a discourse built by ILC confirming the view that the RKUHP invites pros and cons in society. Researchers have also found that the ILC conversion of the RKUHP is influenced by government interests.
Retno Rahayuningsih
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 266-271; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8458

Abstract:
This research is a kind of survey and aims to find out and analyze empirically the effect of reading habit and vocabulary mastery towards student’s reading comprehension. The observed population of this research in state senior high school students in Central Jakarta. The sample was gained through simple random sampling. The gained data was then analyzed by using correlation technique and multiple regressions. Previously, the prerequisite tests before examining the regression test must be accomplished, such as normality test and linearity test. The result of this research is there are any significant effects of reading habit and vocabulary mastery altogether towards students’ reading comprehension at State Senior High School in Central Jakarta
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 01-07; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7189

Abstract:
Abstrak - The purposes of this study is to describe what and how memes in social media Instagram as the representation of critics from netizen. The approach of this study is Critical Discourse Analysis by Fairclough with three dimensions; text, discursive practice, and social practice. The writer chooses meme in @fakartun Instagram account as the data source because meme full of funny picture and simple text, easy to understand, and lead the reader to think twice to find the implied meaning in it. This research is focused on meme in @fakartun Instagram account, especially pictures, text, and caption. The conclusion of this study is the writer found social media as a space for netizen to get and upload many information widely and effectively. Nowadays memes are no longer just pictures and funny words that are entertaining but become a media to express opinions, criticize a policy or an event that is happening. Finally, the findings of this analysis will describe how the patterns of opinion, commenting, and critical thinking of citizens in cyberspace Keywords: Critical Discourse Analysis, Fairclough, memes, Instagram, @fakartun
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 97-104; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7518

Abstract:
Literature intended for children is a literary work that contains the world of children, which is much related to the system of language and signs, which are used in accordance with the level of intellectual and emotional development of children. Anime 2112 Nen Doraemon Stand By Me is the work of director Yonetani Yoshimoto with a duration of about 1.5 hours. Doraemon is a cat robot that was mass produced by a factory in 2112. This study aims to obtain information about: portrayal of manga characters Doraemon's special story, namely Doraemon Stand By Me. The story in this anime is interesting to the writer because the author found a sign in the form of a marker (signifier) from the figure of Nobita. Nobita which shows the existence of several signs that refer to his representation. By using qualitative methods and accompanied by semiotic theory and representation of Barthes, as a research scalpel, the researcher intends to examine the representations of Nobita, Doraemon's best friend. The limitation of the problem in this study focused on the sign of Nobita's figure by analyzing the building elements, namely the element of narrative structure.Keywords: representation, semiotic, sign, film, doraemon
Euis - Meinawati, Lisnawati - Lisnawati
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 65-72; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7296

Abstract:
Poetry/poem as one of a literary works is definitely an interesting subject to be analyzed. In a poem there are some elements that are valuable as an analysis source. One of them is Imagery. Imagery is used in a poem to help the readers in understanding and comprehending the whole poem because through imagery the readers can imagine every word, they are reading in the poem so they can see, feel, touch, hear, taste and smell the thing that is described by the speaker/poet. Literary work also can be analyzed by its extrinsic elements which is literary criticism or multi disciplines. One of phenomenal literary criticism is psychoanalytic perspective. Through psychoanalytic perspective the work of literature reveals the psychoanalytic aspect of the depth true feeling of the author. The purpose of this analysis is to know what kinds of imagery contained in Dover Beach poem written by Matthew Arnold. The method of this analysis is using descriptive and qualitative methods by reading and underlining the line and stanza contains imagery and every line and stanza reveals the psychoanalytic aspect. The result of this analysis is the writer finds out there are some imagery contained in Dover Beach poem. Dover Beach poem contains Visual Imagery, Olfactory Imagery, Auditory Imagery, Kinesthetic Imagery, and Organic Imagery. In Dover Beach poem are found some of psychoanalytic aspects such as unconscious and the id, ego, and superego in Dover Beach poem
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 08-15; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7407

Abstract:
The aims of this research are to know about kinds of affix and how they are used in a story. Affixation is a part of morphology and it is a morphological process. Morphology is the study of the internal structure of words, so it deals with the structure of words. It also relates with morpheme. There are two kinds of morphemes, they are: free morpheme and bound morpheme and bound morphemes are related to derivational and inflectional. Derivational morphology is related to affixes. Affixes can be distinguished by two primary types, they are: prefixes and suffixes. Prefixes are attached at the beginning of a lexical item or base morpheme; meanwhile, suffixes are attached at the end of a lexical item or base morpheme. Affixes are related to affixation. Affixation is adding established prefix and suffix to the existing base. There are two ways of affixes; (1) according to the positions and (2) according to the functions. According to the positions, there 3 types of affixes, they are prefix, infix and suffix. According to the functions, there 2 types of affixes, they are derivational affixes and inflectional affixes. Derivational affixes cause the semantic change, such as bake – baker, happy – unhappy, like – dislike; and category change, such as run (verb) – runner (noun), dangerous (adjective) – dangerously (adverb), writing (noun) – write (verb). Affixations are common used in a story. They are used as the words change a form or meaning depends on the sentence. The participants of this research are the students at one of English Courses in Gading Serpong, Tangerang. Class Action Research (CAR) was used as the method to do the research. The results of this research are: there are 2 prefixes found in the story, they are re- and step-, meanwhile there 5 suffixes found in the story, they are -er, -ed, -s, -ly and -ing.
Sri - Mulyati
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 50-57; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7503

Abstract:
Karya sastra adalah media yang digunakan oleh pengarang untuk menyampaikan ide, pemikiran, dan pengalaman pengarang yang disampaikan kepada pembaca. Novel merupakan karya sastra yang menceritakan kehidupan seorang atau beberapa orang tokoh. Kehidupan tokoh tersebut diceritakan dengan gaya pengarang yang bertujuan untuk menghibur dan memberikan pelajaran bagi para pembacanya. Dalam membuat novel pengarang menceritakan pengalaman hidup yang mungkin terjadi dalam hidup manusia di dunia nyata. Film dianggap sebagai media komunikasi yang ampuh terhadap masyarakat yang menjadi sasarannya, karena sifatnya yang audio visual, yaitu gambar dan suara yang hidup. Film mampu bercerita banyak dalam waktu singkat. Ketika menonton film, penonton seakan-akan dapat menembus ruang dan waktu. Film bahkan dapat mempengaruhi penonton.Objek penelitian ini adalah film, yaitu film The Devil Wears Prada. Dalam film ini penulis fokus pada karakter tokoh Andrea, asisten pribadi pimpinan redaksi majalah fashion, Runway, Miranda Priestly. “The Devil Wears Prada” adalah film drama komedi Amerika tahun 2006 yang dibuat berdasarkan novel Lauren Weisberger tahun 2003 dengan nama yang sama. Film ini menceritakan tentang sosok wanita pemimpin editor sebuah perusahaan majalah fashion mode terkemuka di Paris, Runway, dan bagaimana hubungannya dengan salah satu asisten pribadinya, AndreaAndrea seorang wanita biasa yang sederhana, tidak berpenampilan menarik, namun rendah hati, supel, dan cerdas, yang diberi kesempatan oleh Miranda untuk bekerja sebagai sekertaris pribadinya yang kedua setelah Emily. Sosok yang pada akhirnya mampu menyesuaikan diri dengan budaya kerja di kantor ia bekerja yaitu kantor majalah fashion yang terkemuka, Runway, dan memahami tugas-tugas kerjanya serta dapat menyelesaikan semuanya dengan baik. Keywords: film, fashion, women carrier
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 79-86; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7579

Abstract:
Writing is one of skills in language teaching. There are some kinds of writing genres, one of them is Recount Text. Writing a recount text is helping in memorising about an events or experiences in a kind of sequences story by follow the generic structure of recount text, orientations, events, and reorientation. To make the content and purpose of writing recount texts is effectively fulfilled, the students are provided some guidelines and procedures. However, the way teacher provides the guidelines and procedures does not always get the success in teaching and learning writing. The writer used descriptive qualitative method because the data analysis is presented descriptively. This study aims to apply Brainstorming techniques in teaching Recount Text English in 8th grade students at MTs.Al-Husna Depok. The teaching process through; interviews, observation, literature study, and the internet. Moreover, in order to collect the result of the significant differences before and after of using Brainstorming Technique, the writer uses pre-test and post-test during the observation. The research findings include: 1)The students arranged the sentences into a good paragraph by answering the question who, what, when, where, why, and how. At last, for the second trying of using brainstorming, the students did the practice individually. 2)The advantages of teaching recount text through brainstorming are that the writer found that brainstroming could help the students feel at ease while they are writing. The students can manage their time for writing more efficiently. They could produce unpredictable words for their writing since brainstorming helps them generate ideas more effectively and release their anxiety that cause the writer’s block. 3) Using brainstorming technique is very effective in improving the students’ ability in writing recount text for the 8th grade students at MTs. Al-Husna Depok. By using brainstorming, the writer made the students enjoy writing. It because brainstorming is not a difficult technique to be applied. Keyword: Teaching, Speaking, Information Gap Technique
, , , Tesalonika Omega Mazmur Dwi Natalia
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 16-24; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7459

Abstract:
The objective of this research is to find out and analyze the types of conversational implicature and the maxim violation in Beauty and the Beast movie. Beauty and the Beast movie was directed by Bill Condon and released in 2017. The method used to conduct this research is descriptive qualitative method. To analyze the types of conversational implicature and the maxim of violation, the writers retrieved the theory from P.H.Grice. Grice states that there are two types of conversational implicature and there are four maxims in cooperative principles. The result of this research indicates that: (1) There are two types of conversational implicature occured in Beauty and the Beast movie; those are generalized conversational implicature and particularized conversational implicature. The most common types of conversational implicature that occur in Beauty and the Beast movie is generalized conversational implicature, (2) There are four maxim which violated in Beauty and the Beast movie; those are maxim of quality, quantity, relation and manner. The most violated maxim in Beauty and the Beast movie is maxim of quantity.
, Titi Dewi Rohati
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 58-64; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7519

Abstract:
This research investigated the effect of extensive reading on students reading comprehension. The writer used the quantitative as the researched method and the writer used the queasy experiment as the research design. For collecting the data the writer gave the test for experimental and control group. For experimental group the writer used the extensive reading method as the reading class room and the other method for the control group. After the post- test gave to both classes, the writer analyzed it by using SPPS 20 program to found out the improvement on student reading comprehension after extensive reading implied on reading classroom. Based on the finding and discussion. It can be concluded that hypothesis was accepted. It meant that there was effect on extensive reading on student reading comprehension. Based on the resulted of this research. The writer suggested the teacher to used extensive reading on reading process to improved student reading comprehension.
Nur Amalia Solikhah
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 73-78; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7537

Abstract:
The objectives of this research are to improve the students’ motivation through mobile phones as learning (m-learning) media in teaching vocabulary to improve students’ interest to start to give attention with their teacher in English vocabulary learning. The respondents of this research are students of the Information System study program. This Action Reseach is consists of two (2) cycles with five (5) actions in each cycle. In collecting the data, this research used multiple-choice as a test for English vocabulary mastery, observation to obtain data on students’ activities, field note to record about the general classroom situations, and questionnaires to obtain information from the students in the sense of a report about their English vocabulary learning through mobile learning media. Based on the data analysis of pre-test, post-test 1 in the first cycle, post-test 2 in the second cycle, the mean score is 61.37, 66.06, and 73.42. Then, the data analysis of the observation list in pre-cycle to the first cycle and the second cycle is 42.18%, 49.47%, and 70.97%. It supports the questionnaire data that more than 70% of the students agreed that mobile learning media could motivate them and increasing their English vocabulary mastery. The result of this research showed that Mobile Phone as Learning Media is effective in improving students’ motivation in English vocabulary mastery.
Arif Hidayat
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 43-49; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7596

Abstract:
Translation techniques are expected to be solutions to cope with translation problems faced by translators. Due to this reason, translation learners are taught these techniques to be their provision in handling translation problems they will face as professional translators. This research is aimed at giving comprehension of the using translation techniques tendency in informal letter translation. Case study method is used in this research to analyze how English Letters students who have learnt translation through qualitative approach and document data collecting technique. This research uses Molina & Albir's (2002)Translation Techniques to identify the translation technniques used by the students.The result shows that the dominance of literal translation technique by a very significant data finding from the eleven techniques used with normal distribution ranging from 17 until 27 data per students.In the next research, it is hoped that there will be wider scope of study to analyze the trends of translation techniques in those students’ affiliation.Keywords: Literal Translation, Teknik Penerjemahan, Informal Letter
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 87-96; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7568

Abstract:
- The purpose of this study is to explore how to explore communication and literary perspectives on the study of Jenggo short story by Putu Wijaya's stigma communication. The focus of the stigma communication studied is how the community's stigma about a transvestite is considered weak. Pansy stigma arises in communication that focuses on messages. This research method is content analysis with a qualitative approach with a critical constructivist paradigm. This study analyzes stigma communication with the theory put forward by Smith (2007) with the perspective of sociology and communication by Durkheim (1947) and Goffman (1963). The results of this study lead to stigma communication that occurs in Jenggo short story including signs, labeling groups, responsibilities, hazards, to the impact of messages and the process of sharing messages. This research also proves the meaning of messages in stigma communication. In an effort to ward off stigma, literature has a big role because it is able to provide other perspectives that encourage stigma communication that is more transparent and responsible for the harmony and lasting climate of peace in society. Building positive communication within the community is expected to have an impact on the construction of stigma communication that leads to a healthy and plural society.Keywords: Stigma, Communication, Stigma Communication, Jenggo, Putu WijayaAbstrak - Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi bagaimana menangkal stigma dengan perspektif komunikasi dan sastra pada kajian komunikasi stigma cerpen Jenggo karya Putu Wijaya. Fokus stigma yang dikaji adalah bagaimana stigma masyarakat tentang orang banci yang dinilai lemah. Stigma banci muncul dalam komunikasi yang berfokus pada pesan. Metode penelitian ini adalah analisis isi dengan pendekatan kualitatif dengan paradigma konstruktivis kritis. Penelitian ini menganalisis komunikasi stigma dengan teori yang dikemukakan Smith (2007) dengan perspektif sosiologi dan komunikasi Durkheim (1947) dan Goffman (1963). Hasil penelitian ini mengarah kalau komunikasi stigma yang terjadi pada cerpen Jenggo meliputi tanda, pelabelan kelompok, tanggung jawab, bahaya, hingga dampak pesan dan proses berbagi pesan. Penelitian ini juga membuktikan tentang arti pesan dalam komunikasi stigma. Dalam upaya menangkal stigma, sastra memiliki peran besar karena mampu memberikan perspektif lain yang mendorong komunikasi stigma lebih transparan dan bertanggung jawab demi keharmonisan dan kelanggengan iklim perdamaian di masyarakat. Membangun komunikasi yang positif di dalam komunitas diharapkan bisa memberikan dampak konstruksi komunikasi stigma yang mengarahkan ke masyarakat yang sehat dan plural.Kata kunci: Stigma, Komunikasi, Komunikasi Stigma, Jenggo, Putu Wijaya
Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 12, pp 25-31; https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i1.7585

Abstract:
The management changing is started by an election of a new chairman. Supporting academic of the students, English lecturer assigns a project of poster creation of election using English. this research is to find what extent the poster is delivered to its audience. This study is qualitative research with an analytical descriptive as the method. The data are 5 English posters of Students’ election candidates. All of the posters are analyzed based on 5 criteria of Schwab’s good writing poster theory. Content analysis is used to validate the data findings. The study reveals all the 5 posters don’t meet the criteria. However, all of them gives similarity in showing advantage criterion. Next research should assess into a single poster to give a brief explanation of making a good poster.
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