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Published: 18 January 2021
MaPan; doi:10.24252/mapan

Iswadi Ibrahim Patunrengi, Aisyah Aisyah, Achmad Nasyori, Awaluddin Iwan Perdana
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 9-17; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17611

Abstract:
Sel surya berbasis sensitiser pewarna (DSSC), telah mendapat perhatian besar untuk diteliti karena mudah untuk disintesis dan fabrikasi, proses pembuatannya memerlukan biaya rendah, dan bahannya melimpah di alam. Pewarna alami yang diekstraksi dari tanaman Indigofera tinctoria dipelajari potensi penggunaannya sebagai sensitiser untuk DSSC (Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell). Dalam penelitian ini, pewarna diekstraksi dari daun dengan tiga jenis ekstrak yang berbeda yaitu ekstrak segar, kering dan tradisional. TiO2 yang digunakan sebagai bahan aktif diaplikasikan dengan menggunakan metode Doctor Blade. Pengukuran tegangan dan arus dilakukan di luar ruangan di bawah iradiasi matahari. Spektrum UV-Vis pewarna menunjukkan bahwa ketiga sampel menunjukkan jumlah puncak serapan yang berbeda tetapi memiliki panjang gelombang yang sama di wilayah sekitar 644 nm. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai efisiensi PCE sampel segar, kering dan tradisional adalah masing-masing sebesar 0,6%; 0,3%; 0,1%.
Melda Yunita, Sukmawati Sukmawati
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 94-99; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17684

Abstract:
Penyakit infeksi pada masyarakat Indonesia khususnya di Provinsi Maluku, Ambon masih menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang penting untuk diperhatikan. Penyakit infeksi ini bisa diobati dengan menggunakan antibiotik. Namun penggunaan antibiotik yang tidak rasional dapat menimbulkan penyakit baru pada penderitanya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis tingkat pengetahuan masyarakat Desa Air Salobar terhadap bahaya resistensi bakteri akibat penggunaan antibiotik yang tidak rasional. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif yaitu dengan memberikan pretest dan posttest kepada masyarakat Desa Air Salobar RT / RW 003/005 Kecamatan Nusaniwe Ambon. Hasil pengabdian masyarakat bahwa baik responden perempuan maupun laki-laki menunjukkan adanya peningkatan pengetahuan tentang bahaya resistensi bakteri akibat penggunaan antibiotik yang tidak rasional. Responden perempuan mengalami peningkatan nilai sebesar 20,55% dari 18 responden, sedangkan untuk responden laki-laki terjadi peningkatan nilai sebesar 32,85% dari 7 responden. Total rata-rata tingkat peningkatan pengetahuan tentang bahaya resistensi bakteri akibat penggunaan antibiotik yang tidak rasional adalah 24% dari total jumlah responden.
Safruddin Juddah, Muhammad Attar, Moh. Sutrisno
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 48-57; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.18060

Abstract:
UIN Alauddin Makassar, as one of the largest university in Indonesia, is located on the equator and has a tropical climate so that it gets abundant, free and almost available light energy from the sun every day. However, there are still many rooms in the building that still use artificial sources of electricity to illuminate the room, one of which is building D, Faculty of Science and Technology. This is inversely proportional to the design of the building which has wall openings in the building envelope and voids in the middle of the building. This study used to analyze the illumination of laboratory space caused by differences in the orientation of the wall openings and the width of the openings, to analyze the level of change in natural light illumination throughout the day, and to simulate the illumination according to laboratory space requirements. The Laboratory of the Faculty of Science & Technology of the Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar is the location for this study, where there are four rooms selected as samples, namely: Zoology Laboratory Room, Optic Laboratory, Basic Physical Laboratory, and Microprocessor & Robotical Laboratory. This study obtained the results that there are differences in illumination and the minimum size of the wall opening due to differences in the orientation of the openingsKey words: illumination, orientation and opening area, laboratory Abstrak: UIN Alauddin Makassar sebagai salah satu universitas terbesar di Indonesia berada di garis ekuator memiliki iklim tropis sehingga memperoleh energi cahaya dari matahari yang cukup melimpah, gratis dan hampir tersedia setiap hari. Meskipun demikian, masih banyak ruang-ruang dalam bangunannya yang masih menggunakan sumber listrik buatan untuk menerangi ruangan salah satunya gedung D Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi. Hal ini berbanding terbalik dengan desain gedung yang memiliki bukaan dinding pada selubung bangunan dan void di bagian tengah gedung. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis iluminasi ruang laboratorium yang disebabkan oleh perbedaan orientasi bukaan dinding dan luas bukaannya, menganalisis tingkat perubahan iluminasi cahaya alami sepanjang hari, dan mensimulasikan iluminasi yang sesuai dengan standar kebutuhan ruang laboratorium. Laboratorium Fakultas Sains & Teknologi Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar menjadi lokasi pada penelitian ini yang mana terdapat empat ruangan yang dipilih sebagai sampel yaitu: Ruang Laboratorium Zoologi, Laboratorium Optik, Laboratorium Fisika Dasar, dan Laboratorium Mikroprocessor & Robotik. Penelitian ini memperoleh hasil bahwa terdapat perbedaan iluminasi dan ukuran minimal luas bukaan dinding akibat perbedaan arah orientasi bukaan. Kata kunci: iluminasi, orientasi dan luas bukaan, laboratorium
Nuryuningsih Nuryuningsih, Mayyadah Syuaib, Rahmadi Rahim
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 109-117; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17766

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tingkat efektivitas ruang terbuka dengan mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi dan merumuskan strategi untuk meningkatkan partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengembangan ruang terbuka sebagai titik temu bencana di Desa Maccini Sombala Makassar, dengan melakukan studi pustaka, observasi dan wawancara berdasarkan Teori Arnstein sebagai instrumen dan analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis korelasi antar variabel untuk mengetahui relevansinya dengan tingkat partisipasi masyarakat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ruang terbuka publik kurang efektif dilihat dari tingkat partisipasi masyarakat sesuai dengan jenjang pertama Teori Arnstein (manipulasi), sebanyak 45 responden atau 75% data. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi antara lain: umur dan jarak ruang terbuka publik dari rumah. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, strategi peningkatan partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengembangan ruang terbuka sebagai titik temu bencana di Desa Maccini Sombala meliputi: Pemberian penyuluhan, kerjasama pemerintah, pemberian pelatihan tanggap bencana, bahkan pemberian kesempatan kepada masyarakat untuk berpartisipasi penuh di beberapa ruang terbuka publik. Program pembangunan seperti penentuan titik temu bencana yang telah disepakati melalui konsultasi, diskusi, dan lainnya sesuai dengan harapan masyarakat pada umumnya.
St Aisyah Sijid, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Sabilla Suryaning Amanda
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 118-121; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.18449

Abstract:
Candidiasis vulvovaginalis merupakan salah satu infeksi yang diakibatkan adanya pertumbuhan dari jamur Candida sp. yang berlebihan. Infeksi ini menimbulkan gejala awal brupa keputihan abnormal dengan warna putih kekuningan, mengeluarkan bau yang menyengat, menimbulkan rasa gatal dan terbakar. Candida glabrata, Candida albicans dan Candida parapsilosis merupakan spesies dari Candida sp. yang menimbulkan infeksi Candidiasis vulvovaginalis. Riview ini menunjukkan infeksi Candidiasis vulvovaginalis yang disebebkan oleh jamur Candida sp. serta penyebab dari infeksi ini. Dari penelitian sebelumnya didapatkan hasil bahwa terdapat tiga spesies dari Candida sp. yang merupakan penyebab dari infeksi Candidiasis vulvovaginalis dan terdapat beberapa faktor yang merupakan penyebab dari infeksi ini. Akan tetapi pada penelitian ini hanya mendapatkan spesies dari Candida sp. yang merupakan penyebab penyakit ini sedangkan terdapat banyak flora normal lain dan juga jamur dari golongan yang terdapat pada vagina yang bisa saja menjadi penyebab dari infeksi ini. Sehingga dibutuhkan penelitian yang lebih lanjut dengan sampel keseluruhan dari vagina serta pendataan terhadap respondens sehingga dapat diketahui faktor utama yang dapat menyebabkan infeksi ini terjadi sehingga didapatkan hasil yang lebih akurat.
Mukhlishah Sam, Samiang Katu, Ahmad Ibrahim Rahmani
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 100-108; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17708

Abstract:
Kawasan Pendidikan merupakan salah satu tulang punggung dalam dunia Pendidikan untuk mencerdaskan anak bangsa. Dalam perkembangannya Kawasan Pendidikan mengalami transformasi yang sangat pesat mengikuti dengan kemajuan zaman. Namun di dalam kondisi perkembangan yang terus berjalan tidak diiringi dengan pengembangan nilai-nilai ke Islaman, khusunya pada Kawasan Pendidikan Islam. Dalam penelitian ini kami menganalisis tata ruang Kawasan Pendidikan Pesantren Madani Alauddin Pao-Pao baik secara tata massa bangunan maupun dari segi kondisi suasana pada ruang-ruang kelas yang berdasarkan Nilai Ajaran Islam. Kondisi yang ada saat ini pengaturan tata massa bangunan Kawasan Pesantren Madani Alauddin Pao-Pao seperti halnya tambal sulam pada pakaian. Untuk menjadikan Pesantren Madani Alauddin Pao-Pao perlu dilakukan penataan ulang Kawasan Pendidikan, sehingga Kawasan Pendidikan yang ada memiliki nilia-nilia Islam di dalamnya. Metode diigunakan adalah Studi Responsive Environment yang disandingkan dengan nilai-nilai ajaran Islam. Dari studi tersebut dihasilkan bahwa yang menjadi focal poin dari Kawasan Pesantren Madani Alauddin Pao-Pao adalah Masjid, sehingga nilai yang pertama hadir dari Kawasan ini adalah ketaqwaan, kepatuhan. Setelah masjid keberadaan Gedung pengelola sebagai bagian dari system administrasi Kawasan pesantren dan sebagai kontroling untuk pengguna Kawasan. Selanjutnya, Gedung pembelajaran dan di ikuti oleh Gedung-gedung pendukung lainnya.
Hafsan Hafsan, Maslan Maslan, Eka Sukmawaty
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 122-129; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.18463

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keberadaan isolat kapang dari limbah cair tapioka yang memiliki aktivitas amilolitik dan amiloglikosidase yang dihasilkan kapang tersebut. Parameter penelitian ini adalah indeks amilolitik isolat kapang dengan menggunakan metode pati agar, dan aktivitas amiloglukosidase yang dilakukan dengan metode Somogyi pada suhu dan pH yang ditentukan. Isolat dan aktivitas amiloglukosidase dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada limbah cair tapioka berhasil diisolasi kapang penghidrolisis pati sekaligus penghasil amiloglukosidase yang diidentifikasi sebagai Rhizopus oryzae, Aspergillus oryzae, A. niger dan Penicillium sp. Aktivitas amiloglukosidase dari keempat isolat memiliki karakteristik yang berbeda dengan aktivitas tertinggi dihasilkan oleh A. niger dengan pertumbuhan optimum pada suhu 45oC dan eksponen ion hidrogen 4,0; R. oryzae optimum pada suhu 40oC dengan pH 4,5 sedangkan A. oryzae optimum pada suhu 40oC dengan pH 4,0 dan Penicillium sp. yang optimum pada suhu 45oC dengan dua pH optimum yaitu 4,5 dan 5,5.
Stella Magdalena, Inez Johanna, Yogiara Yogiara
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 18-24; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.16178

Abstract:
Quorum sensing is known as a communication mechanism among bacteria to control gene expression such as bioluminescence, pigmentation, and pathogenicity. Quorum quenching is known as inhibition of quorum sensing activity. In order to block quorum sensing activity, some bacteria produced enzymes which could degrade AHL, such as AHL-acylase, AHL-lactonase, and AHL-oxidase and reductase. In this study, soil bacteria were isolated and screened for their quorum quenching activity. These isolates were divided into Streptomyces and non-Streptomyces isolates. Detection were done by using Chromobacterium violaceum as an indicator bacteria for pigment inhibition by quorum quenching activity. About 10 out of 695 isolates were shown to possess quorum quenching activity. These isolates were further identified by biochemical tests, Gram staining, and identified by 16S rRNA sequencing. Four positive isolates showed similarity with Streptomyces sp., and 6 positive isolates were non-Streptomyces which showed similarity with Pseudomonas putida, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus sp., Enterobacter ludwigii, and Enterobacter sp.
Syarif Hidayat Amrullah, Dirhamzah Dirhamzah, Aswar Rustam, Hasyimuddin Hasyimuddin
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 1-8; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.15379

Abstract:
Hewan merupakan salah satu dari kerajaan dalam sistematika makhluk hidup di bawah Domain Eukarya. Perilaku didefinisikan sebagai aksi atau tindakan yang dapat mengubah pola hubungan atau interaksi antara suatu organisme dengan lingkungannya. Perilaku hewan meliputi tindakan, aktivitas; agresi; suara hewan; penerbangan mencari makan; berburu; bahasa; belajar; perkawinan; gerakan; bermain; refleks; tanggapan; menyusui; renang; simbiosis: territorial; mengibas sayap, dan lain sebagainya. Studi tentang perilaku hewan dikenal dengan sebutan etologi. Keanekaragaman genetik, jenis, dan ekosistem yang dimiliki oleh setiap individu hewan yang berbeda akan menyebabkan perilaku yang berbeda pula dalam menanggapi stimulus yang ada, baik dari dalam tubuh maupun dari lingkungan di sekitarnya. Perilaku hewan di Indonesia antara lain: perilaku nyamuk menghisap darah sekaligus menjadi vektor penyakit seperti filariasis, perilaku bertahan bulu babi dan perilaku kawin teripang, perilaku berjemur (istirahat) pada buaya, perilaku mencari makan dan menghidupi keluarga pada burung julang, perilaku dewasa dan pradewasa pada rusa, perilaku harimau di habitat asli dan buatan, serta perilaku reproduksi dan pengasuhan pada primata. Meskipun hewan selalu diasosiakan sebagai makhluk rendah daripada manusia sesungguhnya darinya banyak pelajaran hidup yang bisa dipetik. Al-Quran mengisyaratkan bahwa kita bisa belajar dari hewan. Dalam surah an-Nahl (16) ayat 66 Allah swt. Berfirman: “Sesungguhnya pada hewan ternak ada pelajaran bagimu”. Bahkan manusia dari awal sudah belajar dari hewan, berupa burung. Hal tersebut tergambar dalam Surah al-Maidah (5) ayat 31 yang menyatakan, “Maka Allah mengutus burung gagak menggali tanah untuk menunjukkan kepadanya cara mengubur mayat saudaranya
Irwan Irwan, Try Azisah Nurman, Risna Sukardi
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 58-66; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17457

Abstract:
Penelitian ini membahas kemampuan proses pengepakan semen. Tujuannya untuk mengetahui apakah kemasan produk semen sudah sesuai dengan spesifikasi atau belum. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pengendalian mutu secara statistik dengan teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu peta kendali P. Hasil analisis statistik dengan SQC periode 15 Juli-31 Agustus secara statistik tidak terkendali dan hasil pengemasan tidak sesuai dengan spesifikasi atau dengan kata lain proses pengemasan tidak sesuai dengan standar. Faktor-faktor yang menjadi penyebab utama adalah penggunaan kemasan yang berbeda.
Marwati Marwati, A. Eka Oktawati, Rasdyana Rasdyana
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 34-47; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17680

Abstract:
Perilaku aktivitas fisik berbeda berdasarkan jenis kelamin dan usia yang dibentuk sesuai dengan sosialisasi, norma, dan harapan yang terkait. Kajian literasi Ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi karakter aktivitas yang terjadi di Delta Lakkang-Makassar ditinjau dari segi gender dan usia dan mengetahui pendapat yang mendukung maupun tidak. Teknik analisis dekriptif dilakukan dalam pembahasan dalam bentuk tabulasi silang. Aktivitas yang dilakukan di daerah Delta Lakkkang ditinjau dari aspek gender menemukan aktivitas yang bekerja dan belajar di luar wilayahnya. Aktivitas ditinjau dari aspek usia diketahui bahwa usia dewasa laki-laki memiliki peran dalam meningkatkan ekonomi keluarga. Ditinjau dari aspek aktivitas penunjang, terdapat fenomena aktivitas pengunjung lebih sering kelihatan dibandingkan aktivitas penghuni Delta Lakkang sendiri
Rahmiani Rahim, Nuryuningsih Nuryuningsih, Mayyadah Syuaib
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 87-93; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17956

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi tindak lanjut pemerintah terhadap gedung kantor PU Kabupaten Maros pasca bencana banjir pada Januari 2019 dengan melakukan studi pustaka, observasi dan wawancara di lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tindak lanjut pemerintah terhadap gedung perkantoran Maros PU adalah dengan menaikkan elevasi lantai dari lantai dasar menjadi kurang lebih 1 meter, hal ini berdampak pada pengguna gedung, salah satunya adalah berkurangnya tingkat kenyamanan di dalam gedung bangunan karena jarak antara lantai dan plafon tidak memenuhi standar desain interior yang baik. Oleh karena itu, selain tindakan peninggian lantai, penggunaan warna dinding dan plafon pada interior haruslah warna-warna yang dapat memberikan kesan luas dan tinggi seperti putih, serta meminimalkan penggunaan furnitur yang berlebihan dan berukuran besar.
Suci Qadriana Ramadhani, Sudarman Abdullah
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 25-33; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17960

Abstract:
Pengetahuan struktural yang diterapkan pada rumah tradisional di Indonesia hampir semuanya melalui tahap coba-coba melalui peninggalan arsitektural masyarakat sebelumnya yang mirip dengan struktur dan konstruksi rumah tradisional Kajang. Warisan budaya menciptakan identitas lokal yang melekat pada komunitas. Bentuk dan konstruksi kolom rumah di Desa Tanah Toa, Kecamatan Kajang, Kabupaten Bulukumba memiliki ciri khas tersendiri. Hal yang menarik dari rumah adat Kajang adalah terdapat tiang-tiang yang sengaja dipasang secara diagonal atau menggunakan tiang yang dibengkokkan dan dibuat berpasangan berlawanan arah. Penelitian ini mencoba melihat secara ilmiah peran tiang diagonal sebagai komponen struktur untuk menahan beban yang timbul pada bangunan khususnya beban lateral.
Rahmat Hidayat, Rivanda Putra Pratama, Nur Aini Rakhmawati
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 67-77; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17583

Abstract:
Penerapan teknologi informasi saat ini berdampak pada kecepatan dan efektivitas suatu perusahaan atau masyarakat. Perkembangan dan kecepatan data saat ini sangat krusial, perusahaan terus berupaya untuk mempercepat analisis data perusahaan mereka. Dalam pelaksanaan pengolahan data, entity matching berperan mencocokkan dua entitas. Masalah dengan entity matching adalah bahwa kecocokan dalam pengenal unik terdistribusi jarang terjadi dan sering kali terkait dengan masalah privasi. Oleh karena itu diperlukan langkah untuk mencocokkan dua entitas yang sama yaitu dengan menggunakan deep learning. Deepmatcher adalah paket Python yang didasarkan pada arsitektur model Deep learning yang dianggap berfungsi baik dengan pencocokan entitas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengimplementasikan deepmatcher pada entity matching melalui pencocokan antara dua dataset smartphone dengan menggunakan model SIF, RNN, attention, dan hybrid. Hasil pengujian dengan semua model rata-rata akurat. Model attention dan hybrid cocok untuk proses pelatihan model pada dataset smartphone karena masing-masing memiliki nilai F1 terbesar yaitu 82,93.
Mayyadah Syuaib, Nuryuningsih Nuryuningsih, Rohana Rohana
TEKNOSAINS: MEDIA INFORMASI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI, Volume 15, pp 78-86; doi:10.24252/teknosains.v15i1.17945

Abstract:
Sistem evakuasi yang baik menunjukkan bahwa kesiapsiagaan bencana memiliki peran penting khususnya pada bangunan publik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sejauh mana ketersediaan dan kelayakan jalur evakuasi dalam menghadapi kondisi darurat Mal Panakkukang Makassar. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah studi pustaka, observasi dan wawancara di lokasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jalur evakuasi di Mal Panakkukang Makassar tersedia tetapi belum sepenuhnya memenuhi standar desain yang sesuai. Hal ini terlihat pada beberapa compenents di pintu keluar yang tidak sesuai dengan SNI 03-1746-2000. tidak ada cukup titik pertemuan di luar gedung. Kurangnya tanda atau informasi tentang jalan keluar darurat. Harapannya hadirnya penelitian ini dapat membantu dalam pertimbangan ketika merancang bangunan publik agar memenuhi standar keamanan bangunan dan memenuhi hak masyarakat sebagai pengguna bangunan.
Abd Wahid, Syahrir Karim, Achmad Abdi Amsir
Vox Populi, Volume 3, pp 60-74; doi:10.24252/vp.v3i2.18369

Abstract:
Studi ini mengkaji tentang Gerakan Diskiriminasi Sosial Minoritas Islam Syiah di Makassar. Jenis penelitian ini mengunakan penelitian kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif. Informan pada penelitian ini adalah orang-orang yang memiliki pemahaman tentang gerakan Syiah, metode penelitian ini menggunakan teknik sampel snowball (bola salju). Adapun teori yang digunakan adalah teori minoritas dan Survival Startegy. Adapun hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwah diskriminasi kelompok Syiah berawal dari stigma masyarakat yang ditanam oleh kelompok-kelompok Wahabi yang dimana kelompok ini tidak lepas dari pengaruh politik global yaitu Amerika, Israil dan Arab Saudi. Bentuk diskriminasi kelompok minoritas Syiah di Makassar yaitu persekusi kegiatan Hari Asyurah, pemasangan spanduk disetiap sudut kota makassar tentang mewaspadai kelompok Syiah, dan terbitnya surat edaran fiktif tentang waspada kelompok Syiah di Makassar. Pola gerakan kelompok Syiah agar tetap eksis di Masyarakat yaitu mengadakan halaqa-halaqa atau kajian-kajian filsafat yang hanya diminati oleh mahasiswa-mahasiswa yang memiliki nalar kritis. Pola gerakan secara khusus yang dilakukan oleh kelompok Syiah dengan menggunakan pendekatan kultural atau konsep taqiyah.
Kaslam Kaslam, Kurnia Sulistiani
Vox Populi, Volume 3, pp 118-132; doi:10.24252/vp.v3i2.18346

Abstract:
Partai Gelombang Rakyat Indonesia (Gelora) adalah partai baru yang siap bertarung pada pemilu 2024. Ditengah pandemi Covid-19 yang membatasi aktivitas gerak dan kerumunan massal, partai ini harus berjuang keras agar dapat dikenal secara luas oleh masyarakat. Penelitian ini ingin mencoba untuk mengurai strategi – strategi komunikasi politik yang dijalankan oleh Partai Gelora Sulawesi Selatan agar bisa bersaing memenangkan pemilu 2024. Landasan teoritis yang digunakan meliputi teori asal usul partai, fungsi partai politik dan strategi komunikasi politik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Partai Gelora Sulawesi Selatan mempunyai sejumlah strategi komunikasi politik antara lain: rekrutmen anggota partai melalui website; silaturahmi ke tokoh cendekiawan Sulawesi Selatan; memberikan dukungan pada Pilkada 2020; program podcast dan webinar sebagai media pendidikan politik; dan kegiatan langsung ke lapangan. Dengan adanya upaya ini, Partai Gelora Sulawesi Selatan dapat diperhitungkan pada perhelatan pemilu pada tahun 2024.
Muh Zikir, Nur Utaminingsih, Muhammad Saleh Tajuddin
Vox Populi, Volume 3, pp 75-90; doi:10.24252/vp.v3i2.18371

Abstract:
Penelitian ini mengkaji tentang hubungan kekuasaan antara lembaga adat dan pemerintah desa dengan maksud untuk mempercepat terwujudnya kesejahteraan masyarakat dan tujuan mengoptimalkan pelayanan, pengelolaan, pembangunan dan pemberdayaan masyarakat. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan menggunakan teori kekuasaan,teori relasi sosial dan teori peran sosial untuk melihat relasi kekuasaan kedua entitas tersebut. Secara umum, penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa terdapat dua bentuk hubungan kekuasaan lembaga adat dan pemerintah di Desa Tubo yaitu; Pertama, hubungan simbiosis komensalisme yaitu dalam hal pembangunan dan pemberdayaan masyarakat. Kedua,hubungan konflik yaitu menginginkan adanya bantuan pemerintah dalam hal identitas adat (berupa baju adat).
Muh Wahyu, Nur Afni Aripin, Latisya Nurul Akasah, Fitriani Sari, Hilna Triana
Vox Populi, Volume 3, pp 105-117; doi:10.24252/vp.v3i2.18373

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Penelitian ini mencoba menggambarkan latar belakang munculnya tuntutan pemekaran Kabupaten Pinrang yang didasari oleh sentimen identitas dan tindakan-tindakan populisme oleh para elit politik lokal yang menginginkan dibentuknya daerah otonomi baru Kabupaten Pinrang Utara. Uraian sejarah Kabupaten Pinrang yang diwarnai perebutan hegemoni antar Suku Bugis dan Pattinjo hingga dinamika politik yang mengitarinya akan turut kami paparkan. Peneliti memilih metode penelitian kualitatif berbasis deskriptif guna memberikan gambaran yang lebih konkret mengenai proses pembentukan Kabupaten Pinrang Utara. Temuan-temuan kami diakhir mengenai penelitian ini menunjukkan isu identitas berbasis etnis mulai direduksi dan bermetamorfosis menjadi isu ketimpangan sosial.
Indri Indri, Muhammad Saleh Tajuddin, Fajar Fajar
Vox Populi, Volume 3, pp 91-104; doi:10.24252/vp.v3i2.18372

Abstract:
Artikel ini membahas tentang gerakan sosial Islam Jamaah An-Nadzir dalam merawat aktivitas ekonomi politik di Kabupaten Gowa. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kualitatif deskriptif. Penelitian ini secara umum berkesimpulan bahwa gerakan sosial yang dilakukan Jamaah An-Nadzir adalah gerakan kolektif untuk menerapkan syariat Islam, sebagai sebuah hukum untuk ditegakkan, karena kesempurnaan Islam harus diraih dengan totalitas dalam menegakkan syariatnya. Jamaah An-Nadzir membentuk komunitas dan perkampungan sebagai wadah untuk menerapkan hukum Islam dan menarik diri untuk tidak terlibat politik praktis karena dalam pandangan An-Nadzir mencederai aqidah Islam. An-Nadzir tidak termasuk komunitas anti Pancasila tetapi komunitas yang siap bela NKRI dan diberi perlindungan oleh LEMHANAS sebagai komunitas yang siap bela negara. Dalam ekonomi, Jamaah An-Nadzir menerapkan ekonomi berbasis syariah yaitu ekonomi Islam dan tidak terkontaminasi dengan riba. Sebagai penunjang perkembangan ekonomi dan kesejahteraan komunitas, jamaah membangun tujuh departemen yang saling bersinergi dan dinobatkan oleh pemerintah dengan ekonomi desa mandiri.
Maricel Tandoc Adapon, Benjamin Baguio Mangila
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 195-218; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a2

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This study was conducted to determine the impact of the Care for the Non-Readers Program on the reading performance of struggling readers in all elementary schools of Dumingag II District, Dumingag, Zamboanga del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines during the School Year 2016-2017. Fifty teachers and 465 parents were selected as respondents of the study. It made use of the descriptive comparative method of research with the questionnaire-checklist as data-gathering instrument. Both the descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the analysis and interpretation of data. The findings of the study revealed that both teachers and parents considered the Care for the Non-Readers Program as “Very Effective” in improving the reading performance of pupils. “Fuller Technique,” “Independent Reading,” “Directed Reading Thinking Activity,” and “Say Something” were the leading strategies applied by teachers in the implementation of the program. The majority of the pupils still belonged to the "Frustration" level. However, there was a significant improvement in pupils’ reading performance for three school years. Teachers encountered "Serious" problems in the implementation of the program, while the suggested solutions were considered as "Very Effective." Furthermore, there was no significant difference between the assessments of the two groups of respondents on the effectiveness of the CNR program.
Kasyfur Rahman
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 179-194; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a1

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This paper investigated tertiary EFL students’ overall perception of the use of fully online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. By administering a survey to 125 students of the English Language Education Program in a State Islamic University in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, using 26 items of a questionnaire with a five-point Likert scale, this study unravelled students’ responses in terms of three constructs including Perceived Usefulness (PU), Perceived Ease of Use (PEOU) and Perceived Instructor Characteristics (PIC). The findings suggested that in terms of PU, even though the data mostly demonstrated neutral responses for most of the questionnaire items, the students tended to perceive online learning as to provide flexible time for their learning and foster their autonomy/independence and confidence. However, the students tended to perceive online learning as less facilitating for their understanding of subjects. In terms of PEOU, the responses reflected the students’ readiness to employ online learning as the data suggested that they possessed both the technology and the knowledge to use it. However, they tended to encounter problems when operating the technology, especially concerning the internet connection. On the other hand, these students perceived instructor characteristics as mostly positive. Therefore, online learning seemed to have not been designed to engage all students, yet seemed to be an inevitable option during the outbreak as the report from the interviews demonstrated that F2F classes were still preferred over online learning. Finally, these findings imply the need for redesigning online learning to better engage students in virtual classes.
Anita Fatimatul Laeli, Slamet Setiawan, Syafi'ul Anam
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 312-327; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a9

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Technological developments in the 21st-century impacted teaching and learning English. one of the impacts of this technological development is reading activities and competencies, reading experienced a phase of change from printed text to digital text. The change from Printed text to digital text requires new literacies, such as locating information and synthesizing online information. This study aims to investigate teachers' perceptions of reading digital texts in ELT. About twenty-three ELT teachers, both in junior and senior high schools around East Java, were involved in this study. An online open questionnaire was distributed to portray ELT teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and practices in reading digital text. The study reveals that all teachers have a positive attitude toward the practice of reading digital text. However, most teachers have misconceptions about knowledge and practice in implementing reading digital text activities. Surprisingly, all teachers in this study claimed that they never received a particular workshop to read digital text activities for English class. Hopefully, this study's result could contribute to the ELT curriculum in responding to the need to facilitate the new literacy in (online) reading and teacher professional development to develop teachers' reading digital text competencies. However, teachers as facilitators in classroom learning activities must recognize new literacy in online reading (especially reading digital text) to help students achieve reading competence in today's digital-based information era.
Warda Murti, Muh. Anas
Jurnal Biotek, Volume 8, pp 80-94; doi:10.24252/jb.v8i2.16119

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The cooperative learning model is a learning model that can make students discover and develop ideas, find solutions, and build their knowledge. Talking Chips is one of the cooperative learning model types. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of cooperative learning with the Talking Chips type toward learning outcomes in the human physiology anatomy course. This research was quasi-experimental and designed with a One Group Pre-test. The sample of this study was 25 students of the VI semester of UMMA biology education study program in the human physiology anatomy course. The results showed that the average learning outcomes of students after taught with the learning model was 80, higher than students before taught with the model namely 65.8. The hypothesis testing with the independent sample t-test obtained tcount 3.149 higher than t table 1.67. It indicates that the student learning outcomes after applying the cooperative learning model are significantly better than before the learning model applicated.
Aljon Galang
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 275-296; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a7

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Philippine K-12 Curriculum and Programme for International Student Assessment 2018 Reading Literacy Parallelism and Teaching-Learning Experiences.. Objectives: This study is made to capture the instructional system and learning milieu of the PISA 2018 Reading Literacy-Related Senior High School Subjects aiming to evaluate its curriculum design and implementation.Methods: The study used Illuminative Evaluation Model to evaluate the curriculum design and implementation by gauging the instructional system through heat mapping and the learning milieu of teacher participants and graduate respondents through survey, interview, and researcher’s past observation. Findings: In the study, it was found out that: (a) the K to 12 program through the learning competencies is 28.64% parallel with the PISA 2018 Reading Literacy Skill Framework; (b) teachers implement the curriculum in which the Reading Literacy Skills are reflected even under various teaching-learning constraints.; (c) the graduate respondents (GRs) are good in terms of locating information but need improvement in evaluating and reflecting on and/or among texts specifically the skill ‘detecting and handling conflict’. Moreover, GRs associate learning the PISA 2018 Reading Literacy Skills the most from the subjects Reading and Writing Skills and Practical Research and the least from 21st Century Literature.Conclusion: The K-12 program through learning competencies is 28.64% parallel with PISA 2018 Reading Literacy Skill Framework. This shows one of the characteristics of the written curriculum or the instructional system.
Andi Bulkis Maghfirah Mannong
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 394-407; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a14

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The emergence of the Covid-19 has given a significant effect that inflicted policy changes in various sectors, including in the education field. The most basic policy is changing the students’ way to learn from what is usually done in the classroom (face to face) to online learning. As this condition, the implementation of learning-based applications has a necessary role in supporting online learning, includes English Language Teaching (ELT). This study aimed to analyze the students’ experience in utilizing learning-based applications in learning English and the barriers faced by them. As for some of the applications most commonly used are Zoom, Google Meet, Google Classroom, and WhatsApp. Besides, this study was also conducted to determine which application is the most effective used in ELT during online learning. This research used descriptive quantitative, where the sample was the seventh-semester students in the English department at one of the private universities in Makassar. The data was collected used questionnaire and the data analysis technique used descriptive statistics. The result of this study showed that the use of those four applications helped the students to adapt to the pandemic condition. Besides helping students to learn English virtually, it also improves the students’ digital literacy. Although, there were some obstacles in utilizing some applications faced by them, such as limited quota, unstable network, complicated in use, and not focus during the learning process. Among the four applications above, the most effective application based on the students’ response was Whatsapp. This application helps the students to develop their language proficiency through natural interaction. Moreover, it makes the students easier in learning English as the delivery of material is systematic and structured. Students also have more time to understand the material by rereading the material that has been delivered.
Ratnawiyah Bahar
Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh, Volume 21; doi:10.24252/jdt.v21i2.11210

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This study aimed to describe the flow of communication in the organization of Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI) Bone district, which includes (1) the communication vertically downward (Downward Communication) (2) vertically upward communication (Upward Communication), and (3) horizontal communication. This research is a descriptive qualitative approach. The subjects were leaders Studio Broadcast Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI SP) Bone district, the news, and the broadcasting section of engineering parts. The technique of collecting data using interviews, observation, and documentation. Technique authenticity of data using tests of credibility, transferability test, dependability test, and test confirmability. Data were analyzed using an interactive model of Miles and Huberman to the stages of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion.The results showed that 1) the communication vertically downward (downward communication) performed in Studio Broadcast Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI SP) Bone district, this communication between leaders and subordinates formally, or informally communicated and the associated jobs. As formally this is to conduct a meeting with the members face to face gives suggestions - suggestions or inputs. 2) Communication organization vertically upward (upward communication) will be undertaken in Studio Broadcast Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI SP) Bone district, it can be seen that the leaders hear or know of inputs or suggestions from subordinates, Therefore communication from subordinates may indicate that leaders recognize employees and listening and interacting with employees so as to form the basis for effective communication, It can foster closeness between the two parties that are open and sharing information so that it will appear intensity and integrity in relationships, This is reflected for their openness in the reception and delivery of messages is done openly. 3) Communication horizontally Studio Broadcast Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI SP) Bone regency implement the types of formal and informal communication, regard being communicated about one's job, sharing, mutual support. Formal communication takes place an official exchange of information took place. In addition to formal communication also takes place informally, were developing social relations among employees. Messages flowing on informal communication began ranging from jobs to the rural-circulated within an organization.
Anugra Nursamsami, Jasmal A. Syamsu, Muh. Hasrul
Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh, Volume 21; doi:10.24252/jdt.v21i2.13199

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Communication provides tools for making decisions, implementing decisions, receiving feedback, and correcting organizational goals and procedures. This study aims to find a picture of the communication strategy at KNPI South Sulawesi as a way of participation of youth and to find out the form of the involvement of youth organizations that gather in KNPI South Sulawesi. This research is a qualitative study that is described descriptively and carried out at KNPI South Sulawesi and several youth organizations that accumulate in the KNPI South Sulawesi in South Sulawesi, South Sulawesi province, Indonesia. Data collection techniques used include observation, interviews, document review (literature study), and documentation. Representation records systemically the events, behaviors, objects seen, and other things that needed in support of the research carried out while the interview done by interviewing the informant, who is the source of information.
Slamet Widodo, Vit Ardhyantama
Journal of Islam and Science, Volume 7, pp 104-109; doi:10.24252/jis.v7i2.16464

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The competence of the elementary school teacher candidates to solve the problem of the pupil's learning difficulties is essential, since in the school the teacher will solve the problems by himself. Therefore, direct practice is required for students to solve problems of learning difficulties. The purpose of this study is to describe the various ways that the students choose to solve the problem of the learning difficulties of elementary school pupils. The design of this study uses a qualitative descriptive approach through techniques of data collection in the form of observation, interview and questionnaire, while data analysis techniques use interactive analysis techniques. The results of this study indicate that the students' ability increases in solving learning difficulties of elementary pupils. In one hand, each student has an effective and unique way to solve the problem: improve the quality of oneself through prayer and learning, solve problems through a scientific approach and evaluate correcting mistakes and improving for better results.
Fenny Hasanuddin, Rukmelia Rukmelia
Jurnal Biotek, Volume 8, pp 154-165; doi:10.24252/jb.v8i2.16456

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The aim of this research is to develop a valid teaching material of basic biology subjects based on mobile learning using Adobe Flash Cs6 at the Muhammadiyah University of SidenrengRappang. The type of study is research and development (R&D), and the research implementation procedures were based on the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation) model. Nevertheless, this research is limited only until the third step (Development). The Instruments in this study were the validation sheet; validation sheets for material experts, and media experts. The data analysis technique applied was validation data analysis. Data collected by using the instrument then developed and analyzed quantitatively. The result showed a valid category from both material experts with a value rate of 5, and media expert validator with a value rate of 5 4.95. It means that teaching material based on mobile learning (Adobe Flash Cs6) available in basic biology subjects at the Muhammadiyah University of SidenrengRappang.
Makkatenni Makkatenni, Husnaeni Husnaeni, Amirullah Amirullah
Jurnal Biotek, Volume 8, pp 189-207; doi:10.24252/jb.v8i2.17670

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This research discusses the exploration of bird species diversity in the mangrove ecotourism area of Lakawali Village, Malili District, East Luwu Regency. The aim of this research is to explore the diversity of bird species and their distribution in several mangrove and pond ecosystems in Malili District, East Luwu Regency. The research was conducted at four observation stations in the mangrove ecosystem, namely the mangrove ecosystem in Lakawali Pantai Village, Usu Village, Pinrang Malili Village, and PasiPasi Village. The object of this research was the bird species (avifauna) which found at four observation stations in the mangrove ecosystem and aquaculture ponds in Malili District. Data were collected using the IPA method (Index Puncuald'Abondence), observation, and documentation. Data analysis was done by counting the number of bird species from each order found, while the conservation status was determined based on Permen LHK No. P.106/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/12/2018 and the IUCN’s red list. The results of the research showed that the number of bird species found in mangrove ecosystems and aquaculture ponds around mangroves in the Malili district consisted of 48 species of 13 orders, dominated by Passeriformes and Ciconiiformes. The distribution of the highest number of bird species was found in the KampungPinrangMalili area, followed by Ussu Village, LakawaliPantai Village, and the lowest was in PasiPasi Village. There are two types of birds with NT conservation status (Near Threatened = almost threatened), namely the white belly albatross or Spizaetuscirrhatus (Gmelin, 1788) and the Sulawesi snake eagle or Spilornisrufipectus (Gould, 1858), most of which have the least concern (low risk) LC conservation status and are not protected.
Unik Hanifah Salsabila , Aabidah Ummu Aziizah
Journal of Islam and Science, Volume 7, pp 67-72; doi:10.24252/jis.v7i2.16161

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The fundamental dialectical theory of the Berger model claims that humans are a product of society and society is a human product, so both require interaction and dialectics to influence each other in social life. Until the scope of the rite, each human is a judge to have a specific social function, if he has the influence to regulate, maintain, and transmit sentiments from one generation to another. In other words, humans will always express their existence through artificial things and a sign for each human being to have connectivity with each other. Even if it reviewed historically, it is not necessarily born from the Islamic body ideologically. How much authorization of tangible symbols on religious practices in the Islamic paradigm? Are material symbols in spiritual practices limited to the manifestation of human creativity or sacred things that cannot contest? This scroll will continue until there is a discussion about it.
Dwiniasih Dwiniasih, Farah Sukmawati Wahidah, Susanto Susanto
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 230-244; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a4

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For the decades, managing classroom becomes one of the most important topics as the concern to be developed by educational department in improving students' quality. One of them is preparing pre-service teachers by strengthening their teaching skills such as managing classroom. Therefore, this study aims to investigate pre-service teacher's classroom management and its problem faced, where observation checklist is used by other participants in reviewing forty respondents’ teaching performance. Meanwhile in supporting the second purpose; Interview is used to delve more the problem faced by pre-service teacher while managing classroom. The results reveal that the skill which is still not optimal related to the creation and maintenance of optimal learning conditions is the skill that shows response attitude because of nervous and tend to focus to the certain group or students considered comfortable. Meanwhile, skills related to the control of optimal learning conditions that is still not done optimally by the participants, namely finding and overcoming behavior that poses problems with the way of exile caused by frightened by pre-service teachers against increasingly poor or rebellious student responses. However, referring to overall indicator of classroom management skills, pre-service teacher could be categorized as having done a grade managing skills well.
Muthia Amalia Cendrawati, Suwandi Suwandi, Siti Herlinda, Suparman Suparman
Jurnal Biotek, Volume 8, pp 178-188; doi:10.24252/jb.v8i2.17302

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The oil palm plantation sector is one of the largest foreign exchange earners in Indonesia. The attack of red root fungus by Ganoderma boninense causes stem rot disease (BPB) in oil palms, causing potential losses. Until now, this disease has not been controlled. Therefore, research is needed for controlling BPB disease in oil palm. This study aims to determine the ability of the biological agents explored and isolated from three types of annual herbaceous tubers, namely garut (Maranta arundinacea), ganyong (Canna indica), and talas Belitung (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) in controlling G. boninense. A total of 24 isolates, 11 isolates from garut tubers, 9 isolates from ganyong tubers, and 4 isolates from Belitung tubers were tested for the antagonism in dual culture on Malt Extract Agar (MEA) media. The results showed that the isolates from Belitung tubers had higher antagonism than garut and ganyong. Three isolates that showed the highest antagonistic activity were TLRF3, Gytf5, and TLTF8, all of which were from the genus Trichoderma. Endophytic fungi tested have the potential to be biological agents to control BPB (Rot Pangkal Batang) disease in oil palm.
Rita Istiana, Rita Retnowati, Suci Putri Lestari, Ilmi Zajuli Ichsan, Yohamintin Yohamintin, Yeni Widiyawati, Trio Ageng Prayitno
Jurnal Biotek, Volume 8, pp 95-108; doi:10.24252/jb.v8i2.17568

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This study aimed to obtain information about the relationship between students' abilities in analyzing environmental problems in the Citarum Watershed (DAS) and ecological literacy. In addition, to find out other factors that have a relationship with the ability of students to analyze environmental problems in the Citarum watershed and to analyze the ILMIZI model as an innovative learning model. This research was conducted from January to July 2020. Retrieval of quantitative data using test questions in the form of descriptions for variable Y and a combination of questionnaires and items for variable X. After the Pearson product moment correlation test was carried out, it was found that there was a low category positive relationship between ecological literacy and students' ability to analyze environmental problems in the Citarum watershed because it was still the low interest in reading students. Results of regression equation Ŷ = 88.025 + 0.474x with a correlation coefficient of r = 0.22 and r2 of 5.04%. The results of the ILMIZI learning model analysis showed that this model relevant to improve students' analytical skills. The conclusion of this study is that there is a low positive relationship between ecological literacy and students' ability to analyze environmental problems, and it can be improved with the ILMIZI model.
Suparman Suparman, Tri Wijaya Darwis, Putriyani Samsul
Journal of Islam and Science, Volume 7, pp 94-98; doi:10.24252/jis.v7i2.16371

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The learning model used by teachers does not vary, resulting in the activeness and independence of students in learning is reduced. Therefore, a new learning model needs to be developed that stimulate the activeness and independence of students, namely the discussion learning model and personal investigation. This research used a Research and Development (R&D) approach. Researchers were focused on developing discussion learning models and personal investigations to be able developing a new learning model that can be applied in learning with clear steps according to scientific rules. The results of research were as follows: (1) students were more active in learning, (2) students no longer rely on friends when there are assignments or discussions, (3) problems that occur in learning can be analyzed by students easily, (4) Models could help foster a sense of responsibility in each student, especially responsibilities as a group member, (5) the learning process in the class was more enjoyable. Based on the analysis of research results and discussions, it can be concluded that the development of discussion learning models and personal investigations that have been implemented in sociology learning has a positive impact both for students and teachers. Students were more active in learning, and students were more independent and better identify social problems. The discussion learning model and personal investigation are appropriately applied in sociology learning in the classroom. Based on the results of the research, it was suggested that: (1) teachers should use different learning models in the learning process so that students are more active in the following learning, (2) This new learning model can be used as a reference for teachers in doing classroom learning, and (3) Discussion learning models and investigative personals can be applied by teachers in sociology learning.
Putu Pande Novita Sari, Made Hery Santosa, Ni Luh Putu Sri Adnyani
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 245-258; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a5

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This study aims at investigating junior high school students’ errors in using English past tense in their English compositions. The subjects of this study were 8th-grade students in a junior high school in North Bali. This study employed descriptive qualitative research which describes the error that was produced by EFL learners. There were four steps in collecting the data namely, asking the students to watch a video, telling them to write recount text through guided writing, collecting the learners' writing, identifying the students' errors in writing past tense, and classifying the errors. The data were analysed using Corder's framework to classify students' errors. The study revealed that there were nine types of errors produces by EFL learners. The errors are applying Indonesian syntactic pattern, using Indonesian acronym, omitting the plural marker -s, adding plural marker -s in a singular form, deleting BE, using incorrect word choice, adding articles, overgeneralising, and using incorrect word order. The errors show that the students tend to use their native language structure in composing the English past tense. Hence, the errors made by students and acknowledged by teachers should be addressed immediately by implementing appropriate strategies and materials to enhance learning. Furthermore, this study can be conducted for further research with different subjects as well as references for applied linguistics courses.
Nurhidayatullah Tawiluddin
Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh, Volume 21; doi:10.24252/jdt.v21i2.12090

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This study describes the da'wah concept of Abdurrahman Wahid in the study of da'wah analysis methods, which aims 1) to describe the concept of 'Abdurrahman Wahid's da'wah, and 2) describe the Abdurrahman Wahid da'wah method. This research is a type of qualitative research through library research, using a normative approach, da’wah, and historical. The data collection method in this study was through collecting documents. The instrument in this study was the researcher himself (human instrument). The results of this study indicate, 1) Abdurrahman Wahid is a figure dai who has the character of pluralism with a moderate concept of da'wah. This is supported by the characteristics of preaching that upholds the principle of justice (al-‘adalah), the principle of balance (tawaz}un), and the principle of tolerance (tasa>muh). And Abdurrahman Wahid is able to do two approaches to preaching at the same time, namely the structural da'wah approach and the cultural da'wah approach which causes his da'wah to be accepted by various groups. 2) The spirit of Abdurrahman Wahid's da'wah method is contained in Q.S.an-Nah}l/16:125 which includes three forms of the application of the da'wah method, namely Da'wah bi al-lisa>n as an effort in guiding people, da'wah bi al-h}a>l as an effort to raise awareness and develop the ability of the people, as well as the da’wah bi al-qalam as an effort to transform science. Abdurrahman Wahid's da'wah method is a method that is progressive because Abdurrahman Wahid strives for a change that occurs among people who are advanced, improved and sustainable both in quantity and quality. The implications of this research are 1) Research on the concept of Abdurrahman Wahid's da'wah is an attempt to explore, discover, and reconstruct his moderate preaching thoughts, with the object of preaching being a pluralistic Indonesian society. Thus, the objectives of the reconstruction results can be used as a model for the implementation and development of da'wah. 2) The concept of moderate progressive da'wah is one alternative da'wah concept suitable for development in Indonesia. The results of this study add and complement the repertoire and literature in the field of da'wah. Therefore, similar research can be carried out on other da'wah figures both at the local and national level.
Sulfika Sulfika
Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh, Volume 21; doi:10.24252/jdt.v21i2.11209

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The main problem in this study is the acceptance of millennial society towards the message of da'wah through social media in Bone District? The subject matter is then divided into several subproblems or research questions, namely: 1) What is the multimedia propaganda model on social media? This type of research is classified as phenomenology with methodological (qualitative) and scientific approaches (Communication, Da'wah and Sociology). Furthermore the data collection methods used are in-depth interviews, observation and documentation. Then, data processing and analysis techniques are carried out through three stages, namely: data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of this study indicate that the multimedia propaganda model on social media currently has many variations that allow people to listen to preaching whenever and wherever they are. Among the models of preaching include: Audio Visual / video, Images and Animation. Audio visual is a da'wah model that displays sound and images (in video format). Some social media users feel the rampant Islamic material they read on social media links, make them more interested in studying Islam, feel they have a better understanding of Islam, and feel their daily behavior is becoming more in line with Islamic guidance. Islamic material on social media is also considered helpful for those who feel they have limited time to attend the study forums.
Nurul Magfirah, Nurdiyanti Nurdiyanti, Anisa Anisa, Rahmatia Thahir
Jurnal Biotek, Volume 8, pp 123-136; doi:10.24252/jb.v8i2.14000

Abstract:
This study aims to find out the influence of learning media of E-Learning based on Edmodo toward learning outcomes of biology students at the Muhammadiyah University of Makassar. This type of research was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest control group design. The population of this research was all students of fourth-semester where 45 students selected as the sample. The sample consisted of 22 students in experimental group and 23 students in control group. The result showed that the Sig value was smaller than the level of significance (α). The hypothesis testing with t-test (independent-sample t-test) obtained a sig value was 0.006 with a significance level (α) was 0.0. It appears that there is an effect of E-Learning based on Edmodo toward student's learning outcomes of biology education at the University of Muhammadiyah Makassar.
Muhammad Ramli, Sadhriany Pertiwi Saleh
Journal of Islam and Science, Volume 7, pp 116-123; doi:10.24252/jis.v7i2.18835

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze a collaborative model of modern leadership, namely innovative, transformative and credible with local wisdom by four ethnic cultures, namely Bugis, Makassar, Toraja and Mandar, which in turn will produce officers who prioritize human values in implementing policies based on local wisdom with the philosophy of acca, acca, warani, malempu, and getteng. This research uses qualitative research methods so that the discussion is descriptive. The research was conducted at the South Sulawesi Government Office with four city districts. The research results show that in real terms the human-based leadership model of the Provincial Government of South Sulawesi in its work to improve the welfare of the community with innovative programs and humane services towards advanced governance as the translation of change shows a pretty good trend. Leadership innovation in making change by prioritizing integrity, motivator, ability, experience, honesty, obedience, persistence and intellectuality as a manifestation of the integration of modern leadership and local wisdom as a filter in change so as to lead to an advanced government while still upholding the value of local wisdom as a support which is summarized in Cultured South Sulawesi. Supporting factors that are quite helpful related to the program strategy include the readiness of the apparatus, community involvement and the level of community acceptance, while the inhibiting factors are infrastructure readiness, availability of funds and community readiness to change, but concrete efforts can gradually be overcome so that the strategic program of the South Sulawesi Government as the growth center of the eastern region and the national economic buffer can be realized.
Sitti Maryam Hamid
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 328-339; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a10

Abstract:
Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, the government decided to implement work and learning from home. Teachers are expected to teach online. It also applied to teaching and learning English. Thus, Google Classroom, WhatsApp, and Zoom are commonly used as online learning platforms by EFL teachers and students during pandemic. The online digital platforms are also used as the main tool to provide teaching materials not only for the sighted student but also for Visual Impairment student (VIs). The present study is aimed at investigating how Visual Impairment student (VIs) perceive utilizing Digital Platforms in online learning, the barriers VIs faced in utilizing Digital Platforms, and the kinds of Digital Platforms that appropriate for Visual Impairment student (VIs). The study involved one Visual Impairment student (low vision) in one of the private universities of Makassar, South Sulawesi. Questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data. It analyzed using descriptive qualitative research. The results of the study showed that Visual impairment has a positive response towards Google Classroom, WhatsApp, and Zoom in understanding the content, improving the ability to use various digital platforms in learning, presenting more interesting teaching materials, selecting of Digital Platforms by English Language skill, and hindering of utilizing Digital Platform. Even though slow-speed internet connectivity, take longer, and vague learning instruction was considered to be barriers in using Digital Platforms. Besides, Zoom is a digital platform that appropriates for VIs; Zoom is a video conferencing learning platform that offers VIs an opportunity to respond in real-time and there is a recording system that records the learning process from start to finish.
Uswatun Khasanah
Journal of Islam and Science, Volume 7, pp 79-87; doi:10.24252/jis.v7i2.16455

Abstract:
This research is qualitative research with a case study approach. The data sources used were words and actions as well as written sources. The techniques of research subject collection were purposive sampling and snowball sampling. The data collection techniques chosen were observation, interview, documentation, and triangulations. Data validity testing techniques included triangulation of technical resources. The data were analyzed using interactive analysis techniques in the form of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing/ verification. Based on the research findings, the implementation of the link and match program starts from the preparation/ planning stage, the implementation of the teaching and learning process in schools and the cooperation with the industry, and the evaluation stage. The supporting factor for the link and match is the cooperation between the school and DU/DI. In addition, there are a positive responses from students, parents, DU/DI, and the government. There are wo inhibiting factors of the link and match, namely internal and external factors. The solutions used to overcome the problems that occurred are (a) the school always provides supplies and maximizes the practice unit; (b) the school tries to maximize the existing curriculum with work processes in industry so as not to deviate from the core competencies or basic competencies (KI/KD) determined by the Education Office.
Roslan Roslan, Muliaty Amin, Andi Aderus
Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh, Volume 21; doi:10.24252/jdt.v21i2.13709

Abstract:
The main problem in this study is the Anregurutta H. Muhammad Arsyad Lannu Da'wah Movement (the year 1950-2011 AD) in Soppeng Regency, from the subject matter, was broken down into several sub-problems namely, 1) How is the Biography of Anregurutta H. Muhammad Arsyad Lannu. 2) How the Anregurutta Da'wah Movement H. Muhammad Arsyad Lannu. The results showed that Anregurutta named H Muhammad Arsyad Lannu, he was born in Tenggapadange, December 31, 1930, male, Muslim lived in Maccini Rompegading Village and he had a wife named Hj. Yamma was born in Kacimpang 31 December 1932 and thank God he was blessed with 7 children. The first child Ridwan, the second H. Syukri, the third Subu, the fourth H Emperor, the fifth Wittri, the sixth Muh Huzari, to Muh Ahyar, his father's name was Lannu, the name of Bungaa's mother. Both religious life (Islam) at that time was still very much influenced by the belief in animism. Pattojo society in the majority religion of Islam but there are indeed people who still know things mystical or still believe in the occult. The preaching movement carried out by Anregurutta H. Muhammad Arsyad Lannu covers the education of the boarding school coach, extracurricular. Anregurutta H. Muhammad Arsyad Lannu in his formation he fostered the community and students and students in terms of morals, ethics, morals. In addition to the style of the movement also found forms of propaganda movements namely preaching bi al Lisan (speaking), bi al hal (actions / exemplary), bi al qalaam (writings / writings), also found movement strategies and efforts to succeed the movement.
Yosieana Duli Deslima
Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh, Volume 21; doi:10.24252/jdt.v21i2.13508

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the form of the meaning of femininity contained in the animation "Nussa Rarra Episode Girls Talk". This study uses descriptive qualitative analysis with Charles Sanders Pierce's semiotics analysis. The results showed that in the animation Nussa Rarra episode Grils Talk represented the femininity of women. Women are familiar with make-up. It also shows the feminine side of women, which is gentle. Where femininity is trusted by women, it must be gentle, patient, kind, polite, beautiful, etc. Indonesian women are never out of talking about make-up. To look beautiful always follow the beauty trends from abroad, which gave rise to the Make-up Tutorial trend. Indonesian women lack confidence in their natural beauty and must put makeup on to look beautiful. Scenes of giving a makeup message in Islam are permissible but not permitted is to tabarruj. However, this animation seems to force that women do not have to put make up the slightest item to look beautiful because natural beauty is better than makeup and dress up.
Sri Maya, Nurhidayah Nurhidayah
Jurnal Biotek, Volume 8, pp 166-177; doi:10.24252/jb.v8i2.16209

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of the Crossword Puzzle application based on the Puzzle Maker application method on learning outcomes of biology education students at the Muslim University of Maros on the concept of Kingdom Animalia. This research was a quantitative type of research using the Quasi Experiment method. The research comparing two classes, the experimental class with the Crossword Puzzle method treatment, and the control class with conventional learning. The results showed that the post-test score of the experiment class was 78.15 with the completeness category of 83.3 %. Compared to the control class, the average score of learning outcomes was 64.07 with the completeness category of 8.3%. The hypothesis testing, the P-value for the pretest-posttest of the experiment class was 0.001 (𝝆
Masykur Rauf, Reski Amanda
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 363-380; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a12

Abstract:
This research discussed students’ ability in analysing ambiguous reference in written text. The objectives of this research were to find out students’ ability, and the way of the seventh-semester students of English and Literature Department (2016) in analysing the given extracts. The Researchers used quantitative and qualitative methods for collecting and analysing data. The data source was the seventh-semester students of English and Literature Department (2016). The Researchers used paper test (close-ended and open-ended question) as the instrument to get the data. As the procedure of collecting data, the Researchers gave the students the test and the instruction to answer the test. The Researchers then collected the paper after the students answered the tests. The Researchers used Halliday and Hasan’s reference theory which focusing on personal reference. Based on the findings and discussion, the Researchers found that 1 student possessed excellent ability, 2 students got good ability, 5 students belonged to fair ability, and 2 students obtained poor ability. As the conclusion, the seventh-semester student of English and Literature Department (2016) had fair ability (67.09) in analysing ambiguous personal references. It was proved by their mean score through the paper test (multiple choice). And the Researchers also concluded that analysed the given extracts by 3 ways. Those were by the context, good sense, and guessing. It was proved by their answers got through open-ended questionnaire.
Maximeliana Masela, Adaninggar Septi Subekti
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), Volume 6, pp 259-274; doi:10.24252/eternal.v62.2020.a6

Abstract:
This study aimed to investigate Indonesian undergraduate non-English department students' visual learning style and their and teachers' perspectives on the uses of visual aids to promote learning. It was conducted to fill the gap in the literature on the scarcity of empirical studies in the field of learning style in the Indonesian context despite the potentials of instruction accommodating learners' learning styles. 127 students participated in the study through a survey and descriptive analysis, this study found that the participants, in general, had a high level of visual learning style, suggesting that class instruction should provide visual media and activities reported to be effective by the participants. Four participants with the highest visual learning style levels along with three teachers of General English classes were interviewed. Through Thematic Analysis of the interview results, the study found that both the students and teachers reported that teachers used certain visual media for certain purposes, for example, pictures for brainstorming activities, videos for providing input for further discussions, and writing on the boards to explain grammar. Based on the findings, possible implications and contributions are mentioned along with limitations and possible future studies.
St Rahmadani, Ryan Humardani Syam Pratomo
Jurnal Biotek, Volume 8, pp 137-153; doi:10.24252/jb.v8i2.17532

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to develop laboratory work guidance based on the jigsaw learning method combined with the probing approach. This research also aimed to analyze the characteristics and properness of the developed product. The research referred to the previous model that was designed by Borg and Gall. The research was conducted from a preliminary study to trial test empirically and carried out with the one group pre-test post-test design. The product was examined by two validators resulting in 4,59 and 4,82 in the category of very good. The product also tested restrictedly to 10 students with different competencies (high, moderate, and low). There was 83% with high competency, and 80% with both moderate and low competency. The collected data were statistically analyzed by t-Paired test in SPSS 23 version for windows showed the value of significance is 0.000 and lower than 0,05. It implies that the pre-test scores are significantly different from the post-test meaning that the product is available to use.
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