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(searched for: doi:(10.22271/*))
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M Latha, P Ratna Prasad, R Lakshmipathy, V Srinivasarao
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Volume 9, pp 1694-1699; doi:10.22271/phyto.2020.v9.i5x.12580

Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted to determine the residual effect of integrated nitrogen management and cropping systems on soil physical and physico-chemical properties during two consecutive years (2015-16 & 2016-17) on clayloam soils of Agricultural College Farm, Bapatla. The experiment was laid out in a two sample t-test for rice in kharif season with 2 treatments consists of M1 100% RDF, M2 (50% RDN+ 25% N through FYM + 25% N through neem cake + Azospirillum + PSB @ 2.5 kg ha-1(INM) and replicated thrice. During the immediate kharif, the experiment was laid out in a split plot design without disturbing the soil for succeeding rabi crops with the two treatments given to kharif rice as main plot treatments and each of these divided into five sub-plots of consisting of five crops as sub treatments by taking popular cultivars of rice (BPT 5204), blackgram (PU 31), maize (Sandhya), Sorghum (NSH-54), Sunflower (Shreshta) and mustard (Konark). Residual effect of integrated nitrogen management was non-significantly influenced all soil physical properties. Lowest bulk density, highest water holding capacity & porosity values, decreased pH values, improvement in soil organic carbon and CEC was found by Rice-blackgram cropping system followed by rice-sorghum and rice-maize.
Anusiya G, Bharathi S, Mukesh Praveen K, Sainandhini G, Gowthama Prabu U
Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, Volume 8, pp 14-19; doi:10.22271/plants.2020.v8.i5a.1189

Abstract:
Eichhornia crassipes is an invasive aquatic plant whose individual morphological parts like roots and shoots were studied using different solvent extracts namely, benzene water and ethanol. All the solvent extracts of the root and shoot portions of the fresh Eichhornia crassipes were screened for the presence of various phytochemicals such as alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, sterols, terpenoids, anthraquinones, and anthocyanins. The isolation and purification of the major bioactive compounds such as tannins and flavonoids were done by thin layer chromatography using the extract purified from column chromatography. The results from the Gas Chromatography showed the retention of many important phenolic and sterol based compounds, denoting their richness of bioactive compounds useful for pharmaceutical industries as drugs and environmental sectors thereby protecting the aquatic micro ecosystem.
T Krishnakumar, Ms Sajeev, G Suja
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 997-1002; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5n.10427

Abstract:
Cassava is one of the most important tropical tuber crops that ensure food and nutritional security in the developing countries. In India, cassava is cultivated mainly in the southern states viz., Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. Harvesting is one of the major difficult and labour intensive operations in cassava cultivation. In India, cassava is mostly harvested manually by hand. This study was attempted to evaluate the performance of tractor operated Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) cassava harvester with two industrial varieties (H-165 and Mulluvadi) and two commercial planting system (Mound and Ridge) using six treatments in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). Based on the field performance trial, the shank length and width of digging blade were modified and then their dimensions were optimized for better performance. Among the selected treatments, it was found that a minimum damage of 4.12% was observed for H-165 variety under manual harvesting and a maximum damage of 9.05% for Mulluvadi variety in mound planting system under mechanized harvesting was noticed. The tuber spread length was highly correlated with the per centage damage (%) of cassava tubers. Thus, the tuber spread length is an important agronomical parameter to be considered while selecting the variety for mechanization of cassava harvesting. This study also confirmed that the ridge planting system is highly suitable for operating mechanized harvester as compared to mound planting system.
Ankit Kumar, Omveer Singh, Karishma Kohli
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 904-911; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5m.10413

Abstract:
The study on the changes in fruit seed growth and development of eight ber cultivars viz., Chhuhara, Chinese, Kalagola, Nazuk, Sanaur-2, Sanaur-4, Umran and ZG-2 was conducted at Horticulture Research Centre, Patharchatta, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, U.S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, India during the season of 2017-18 and 2018-19. The experiment was laid out in two factors Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications. Sampling dates and cultivars were considered as the treatments. There were 11 sampling dates commences at 28 days after full bloom (DAFB) to 168 DAFB and observations were taken at biweekly interval. Stone length, diameter, weight and flesh: stone ratio of fruit of different ber cultivars have been found to be increased with advancement of growth and development period. The maximum (2.46 cm) stone length was recorded in Umran and the minimum (1.79 cm) in Chhuhara at 56 DAFB. The maximum (0.80 cm) stone diameter was recorded in ZG-2 and the minimum (0.55 cm) in Nazuk at 56 DAFB. The maximum (1.26 g) stone weight was recorded in Umran and the minimum (0.53 g) in Kalagola and ZG-2 at 56 DAFB. The maximum (4.71) flesh: stone ratio was recorded in ZG-2 and the minimum (1.14) in Chinese at 56 DAFB.
International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine; doi:10.22271/27069567

Abstract:
International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine is peer reviewed, refereed and open access. Submit your article at [email protected]
Kanchana N, Veeranan Arun Giridhari V, Saravana Pandian P, Vijayalakshmi R
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 920-926; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5m.10416

Abstract:
This study soughed to optimize the effective coagulant for high yield of whey from milk and evaluated the nutritional composition of whey. The coagulants used were citric acid, acetic acid and Cacl2, CaSo4 at different percentage. The coagulant results revealed that there was significant (P>0.05) differences between the yield of various coagulated whey (81.1±0.09 to 84.0±0.39%) however acid whey recorded higher yield than salty whey. The pH revealed that there was significantly differ between the acid whey and salty whey (6.40±0.04 to 5.19±0.10). The lactic acid (%) in salty whey (0.14±0.00%) was scored low value compared to acid whey (0.25±0.00%). The salty whey (10.5±0.01%) was significantly higher in TSS content compared to acid whey (6.4±0.00%). This study was concluded that, T7 (0.13% acetic acid) was best in terms of yield (84.7±0.44%) and sensory evaluated. The physiochemical parameters of T7 showed that the total solids, moisture, protein, fat, lactose, total ash, and total carbohydrate were 8.8±0.23%, 91.2±0.37%, 0.289±0.00%, 0.13±0.00%, 4.288±0.12%, 0.3892±0.00% and 7.991±0.04%.
Lafi Zainab, Tarik Hiba, Azzam Hanan
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Volume 9, pp 55-58; doi:10.22271/phyto.2020.v9.i5a.12423

Abstract:
Since the ancient ages plant species have been used as key part in traditional medicine and curing practices. Recently a huge body of literature showed that medicinal plant species used by the Jordanian people for the treatment of cancer were screened for their potential as cytotoxic therapy at least in vitro. This review summarizes an updated evidence on different features of traditionally used chemotherapeutic plants in addition to the screened ones for their antiproliferative activity and to shed light on them for further investigation. Studies of screening for selective cytotoxicity and antiproliferative activity of plants are briefly discussed.
Manisha Kachari, Sangita Mahanta
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 894-896; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5m.10409

Abstract:
The field experiment was carried out during the year 2016 and 2017under KVK’s in Sengamari Habigaon village of Dibrugarh district and Moumaikigaon of Golaghat district of Assam for Popularization of marigold cv. Seracole for income generation through front line demonstration. The data were recorded for flower yield, quality and economics of marigold cultivation for summer and winter season. The results showed that in October planting the average weight of flower 6.35g, flower diameter 7.35 cm, number of ray florets 162.95, disc florets 75.00, self life 19.20 days, loose flower life 4.55 days, number of flower per plant 139.0, yield per plant 0.85 kg, yield per plot 14.40 kg, yield per hectare 240.00 q with good compact flower which was closely followed by March planting with 6.10g, 7.10 cm, 156.60, 65.80, 17.92 days, 3.40 days, 128.75, 0.81 kg, 11.30kg and 234.00 q respectively. But the benefit cost ratio was showed highest in March planting of 4.85 compared to October planting 3.0 due high demand and price in the summer season.
P Bharath Reddy, M Madhavi, K Ashritha, E Shiva Krishna, R Sushma Devi
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 863-866; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5l.10407

Abstract:
In college of food science and technology, Rudrur, Nizamabad, research was conducted to formulate and develop the product instant multigrain porridge by selecting the different grains like sorghum, barley, finger millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet, corn, Amaranthus and black gram which are of increasing their demand in recent years due to their, nutritional content and also these control the lifestyle diseases like diabetes, reduce the risk of obesity a because the millets have the high fiber content. Amaranthus is used as it is rich in protein, calcium and iron which are required by human body. Using these grains in different proportions we made treatments like T1, T2, T3 compared with control sample which does not have amaranthus grains and black gram. In this laboratory investigation, amaranth grains and black gram along with other millets and cereals are taken and soaked and then pressure cooked and then dried and milled to a coarse powder. Three different samples are prepared with varying amaranth grain and black gram percentage i.e., different proportions like 8%, 10%, 14% and 8%, 10%, 20%. These formulations were analyzed to study proximate composition, sensory evaluation, Water absorption capacity, cooking time. From proximate analysis it was concluded that Amaranthus seeds and black gram incorporated instant multigrain porridge was rich in protein and iron. From sensory analysis it was concluded that instant multigrain porridge prepared with 14% Amaranthus seeds and 20% black gram was best in terms of taste, flavour and overall acceptability.
Pradeep Kumar Rai, Monika Singh, Gyanendra Kumar Rai
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 839-840; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5l.10402

Abstract:
Soil redox potential (Eh) and pH are fundamentals parameters for plants growth. Measuring soil redox is essential but complex due to the lack of measurement reliability resulting from high temporal variability and metrological challenges. This paper proposes practical advancements for measuring redox in aerobic soils using soil water testing kits. The study of soil redox (Eh) in maize crop field under excess soil moisture (ESM) stress condition. The experimental results showed statistically significant redox potential in various treatments, Maximum oxidation i.e. +501.67mv was noted in variety CM-500 under normal condition using nitrogen 60 kg ha-1 and phosphorus 40kg ha-1 (V1F1M0). Whereas, V2F1M0 and V2F3M0 were showed statistically at par. The maximum reduction was observed in V1F9M1 (-119.67mv). The study of maize growth in soil reveals extremely harmful impact resulting from too high and/or too low Eh values.
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