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(searched for: 10.29328/journal.jpsp.1001061)
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, Amanda Kay Montoya, John Price,
Published: 29 October 2021
Abstract:
Mediation analysis plays a central role in marketing research due to its usefulness in helping to explain complex processes. Like other forms of inference, mediation analyses are susceptible to false positive results. This is particularly true when analytic decisions are based on the data, rather than a priori hypotheses. To assess the collective evidential value of mediation analyses in marketing, we used an approach first implemented by Götz and colleagues (2021) that (1) measures the relative proximity of confidence intervals to zero (RP) and (2) aggregates a related set of RP scores into a single distribution. For our analysis, we compared the RP distribution of top marketing journals (2018-20) to simulations of low power, adequate power, and null effects. We also compared the marketing journals to real-world data from Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP) (2018-20). We found that, in terms of evidential value, mediation analyses in marketing substantially deviated from simulations of adequate power and JPSP but were similar to simulations of low power and null effects. We propose study preregistration, corrections for multiple testing, and increased statistical power as solutions to increase evidence quality going forward.
Carmo Lilian St, Ribeiro Daiane G, Barbosa Eder A, Silva Luciano P,
Journal of Plant Science and Phytopathology, Volume 5, pp 058-061; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.jpsp.1001061

Abstract:
In this study we describe a method for the detection of biomolecules (in the polypeptide m/z range) directly from the surface of plant leaves by using Mass Spectrometry Imaging. The plant-pathogen interaction between Arabidopsis thaliana and the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris was analyzed by comparing infected and non-infected leaf discs submitted to mass spectrometry. The total surface area of ion distribution was calculated for both samples, revealing 23 ions, out of which 3 showed statistical significance. Although these ions were not identified, the results showed that this approach can be successfully applied for the detection of potential polypeptide biomarkers directly on leaf tissue, which is a major challenge in MALDI-Imaging studies.
Kana Yamauchi
The Annual Report of Educational Psychology in Japan, Volume 60, pp 122-136; https://doi.org/10.5926/arepj.60.122

Abstract:
本稿では,2019年7月から2020年6月までの1年間に『教育心理学研究』に掲載された29編のうち,有意性検定を用いた研究論文のサンプルサイズ設計に関する記述状況について概観した。その際,『心理学研究』,Japanese Psychological Research (JPR),Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP)のそれと比較し論じた。研究のサンプルサイズの根拠について何らかの記述がみられた論文の割合はJPSPが最も高く(93%),他の3誌(7―15%)の約8倍であった。また,検定力分析と同様,統計改革の柱である効果量や信頼区間が分析結果に併記されているかを調べたところ,概して4誌ともサンプルサイズ設計の記載より実践度は高く,JPSPでは対象論文全てにいずれかの記載がみられた。一方,『教育心理学研究』では効果量,信頼区間のいずれも記載がない論文が全体の44%を占め,実践度が最も低かった。最後に,『教育心理学研究』における統計改革の促進について,特にサンプルサイズ設計の実践の促進に向けた方策について筆者なりの見解を述べた。
Colin Wayne Leach
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 120, pp 30-32; https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000226

Abstract:
In this editorial, Colin Wayne Leach says it seems that personality and social psychology is at a crossroads. His hope is that we will learn from past failings and fractures and begin to consolidate our most important lessons into a renewed sense of shared purpose and practice. As the incoming Editor of Journal of Personality & Social Psychology: Interpersonal Relations and Group Processes (JPSP: IRGP), it is his mission to facilitate our collective effort in our common cause. Leach wishes to see the full range of social psychology topics and approaches rigorously pursued in the pages of JPSP: IRGP. The only thing necessary to publish in JPSP: IRGP is sufficient principled argument and evidence for the desired inference(s). Outside of the basic desire to see key results replicated, the evidence in a JPSP: IRGP article needs to be as comprehensive as the argument being made. Argument and evidence regarding ancillary (conceptual, methodological, or statistical) assumptions can be reported in targeted supplemental materials and simply mentioned in the main text. Leach expresses his gratitude to Editor Kerry Kawakami, the entire team of former Associate Editors, and the legion of regular reviewers who have served the journal and the field so well for so long. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).
Comment
, Alison Wood Brooks, Karen Huang, Julia Minson, Francesca Gino
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 117, pp 1139-1144; https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000220

Abstract:
In a recent article published in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP; Huang, Yeomans, Brooks, Minson, & Gino, 2017), we reported the results of 2 experiments involving "getting acquainted" conversations among strangers and an observational field study of heterosexual speed daters. In all 3 studies, we found that asking more questions in conversation, especially follow-up questions (that indicate responsiveness to a partner), increases interpersonal liking of the question asker. Kluger and Malloy (2019) offer a critique of the analyses in Study 3 of our article. Though their response is a positive signal of engaged interest in our research, they made 3 core mistakes in their analyses that render their critique invalid. First, they tested the wrong variables, leading to conclusions that were erroneous. Second, even if they had analyzed the correct variables, some of their analytical choices were not valid for our speed-dating dataset, casting doubt on their conclusions. Third, they misrepresented our original findings, ignoring results in all 3 of our studies that disprove some of their central criticisms. In summary, the conclusions that Kluger and Malloy (2019) drew about Huang et al. (2017)'s findings are incorrect. The original results are reliable and robust: Asking more questions, especially follow-up questions, increases interpersonal liking. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).
Ayana Izumi, Ayaka Hirano, Kurumi Iida, Mizuki Nouchi, Saori Fujimaki, Keiko Morimoto, Akira Takamata
Published: 1 April 2019
The FASEB Journal, Volume 33, pp 553.1-553.1; https://doi.org/10.1096/fasebj.2019.33.1_supplement.553.1

Abstract:
Estrogen replacement in ovariectomized rats reduces food intake specifically during the light phase, suggesting that estrogen exerts an anorectic action by modifying circadian feeding rhythm. Ovariectomy is known to elevate levels of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) via the negative feedback system of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. However, the contribution of GnRH and/or LH to the hypophagia induced by ovariectomy remains unknown. To elucidate the role of GnRH and/or LH in the feeding regulation, we examined the effect of GnRH antagonism on feeding behavior in female rats. Female Wistar rats were injected subcutaneously with either 1mg/kg degarelix, a GnRH antagonist, (De group) or 5% mannitol (Veh group), and were provided free access to water and a standard rodent chow. We found that daily food intake and body weight gain were significantly greater in the De group than the Veh group. Food intake during the light phase was not different between the groups, while food intake during the dark phase was greater in the De group than the Veh group. These results suggest that estrogen regulates daily energy intake, and GnRH and/or LH possibly modulate diurnal pattern of feeding behavior. Support or Funding Information JPSP KAKENHI #15K12355 and 24500975 to Akira Takamata This abstract is from the Experimental Biology 2019 Meeting. There is no full text article associated with this abstract published in The FASEB Journal.
Kurumi Iida, Konomi Kanamori, Sayaka Kondo, Ayana Izumi, Keiko Morimoto, Akira Takamata
Published: 1 April 2019
The FASEB Journal, Volume 33, pp 553.2-553.2; https://doi.org/10.1096/fasebj.2019.33.1_supplement.553.2

Abstract:
We previously found that 17β-estradiol (E2) replacement in ovariectomized rats enhanced progressive increase in 10% sucrose solution intake. In the present study, we hypothesized that the E2-induced enhancement of sucrose intake is mediated by the opioid system, which is known to play an important role in excessive intake of highly palatable foods. Female Wistar rats were ovariectomized and those rats were assigned to the E2-treated group (E2 group) or cholesterol-treated group (Veh group). In the experiment 1, we examined the effect of naltrexone (NTX), an opioid receptor antagonist, on intake of sucrose solution. In this experiment, rats were continuously infused with NTX or saline by an osmotic minipump, and intake of 10% sucrose solution was measured for 14 days. The NTX treatment reversed E2-induced enhancement of sucrose solution intake. In the experiment 2, we investigated whether the μ-opioid receptors in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is involved in the effect of E2-induced enhancement of sucrose intake. We performed microinjections of a μ-opioid receptor agonist D-Ala2, NMe-Phe4, Glyol5-enkephalin (DAMGO), NTX or saline into the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in each rat. After microinjections, rats were tested the two-bottle choice paradigm with 10% sucrose solution and water. Injection of NTX in the NAc reduced sucrose intake in the both groups, and the intake was not different between the groups. These results suggest that the E2-induced enhancement of sucrose intake is possibly mediated by the opioid system. Also, the opioid receptors in the NAc is a potential site of the action of the E2-induced enhancement of sucrose intake. Support or Funding Information JPSP KAKENHI #15K12355 and 24500975 to Akira Takamata This abstract is from the Experimental Biology 2019 Meeting. There is no full text article associated with this abstract published in The FASEB Journal.
, John K. Kruschke
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 79, pp 328-348; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2018.08.009

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Karl Halvor Teigen
Social Psychological Bulletin, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.5964/spb.v13i2.26110

Abstract:
In the target article, Doliński (2018, this issue) showed that empirical studies of “real” behaviour are an almost extinct species of research, judged from articles published in the most recent volume of JPSP (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology). This finding continues a trend identified by Baumeister and colleagues ten years ago. The reliance on self-reports and rating scales can hardly be explained as an aftermath of the cognitive revolution in psychology, or a preoccupation with measurements and advanced statistical analyses, as Doliński suggests, but is more compatible with the ease of collecting questionnaire data, combined with the pressure to publish large multi-study papers and to obtain approval from ethical review boards. This development is further strengthened by the accessibility of online participant pools. An informal count showed that students participating for course credit were in 2006 involved more than 90% of empirical JPSP studies, as against 22.5% in 2017. In contrast, Amazon Mechanical Turk workers, non-existent in 2006, participated in 55.3% of the empirical studies published in the most recent volume. Parallel to this development the number of participants per study and the number of studies per article have vastly increased.
Torrin Liddell,
Published: 6 November 2017
Abstract:
We surveyed all articles in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP), Psychological Science (PS), and the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General (JEP:G) that mentioned the term "Likert," and found that 100% of the articles that analyzed ordinal data did so using a metric model. We present novel evidence that analyzing ordinal data as if they were metric can systematically lead to errors. We demonstrate false alarms (i.e., detecting an effect where none exists, Type~I errors) and failures to detect effects (i.e., loss of power, Type II errors). We demonstrate systematic inversions of effects, for which treating ordinal data as metric indicates the opposite ordering of means than the true ordering of means. We show the same problems --- false alarms, misses, and inversions --- for interactions in factorial designs and for trend analyses in regression. We demonstrate that averaging across multiple ordinal measurements does not solve or even ameliorate these problems. We provide simple graphical explanations of why these mistakes occur. Moreover, we point out that there is no sure-fire way to detect these problems by treating the ordinal values as metric, and instead we advocate use of ordered-probit models (or similar) because they will better describe the data. Finally, although frequentist approaches to some ordered-probit models are available, we use Bayesian methods because of their flexibility in specifying models and their richness and accuracy in providing parameter estimates.
, , Don Van Den Bergh, Chris Chambers, , Jan Peter De Ruiter, , Roger Giner-Sorolla, , Kai Jonas, et al.
Published: 16 August 2017
Abstract:
We outline an array of journal policies that JPSP:ASC could adopt to further promote transparent and responsible research practices; in turn, these practices will increase the reliability of research findings published in JPSP:ASC.
Shinobu Kitayama
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 112, pp 357-360; https://doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000077

Abstract:
In this editorial, the new incoming editor for the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP) addresses the upcoming challenges and the issue of replicability. Although people vary (often dramatically) in their views on the nature and extent of this issue, that we have an issue to address is something that the new editor thinks most scholars would agree on. It is his hope that engaging in these efforts will return our community to a place that young talent willingly and safely bets their futures on. It is with this sense of mission that he feels honored to serve in this role over the next five years. As Editor, he would like to address the current challenges by actively promoting three principles: rigor, innovation, and inclusiveness. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
Torrin Liddell, John Kruschke
Published: 1 January 2017
Abstract:
We surveyed all articles in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP), Psychological Science (PS), and the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General (JEP:G) that mentioned the term "Likert," and found that 100% of the articles that analyzed ordinal data did so using a metric model. We present new evidence that analyzing ordinal data as metric is problematic. We demonstrate that treating ordinal data as metric can yield low correct detection rates, distorted effect size estimates, and greatly inflated false alarm rates. Moreover, we demonstrate that the averaging of multiple ordinal items into a Likert scale does not solve these problems. We provide examples of real data in the contexts of the difference of two groups and simple linear regression. To solve these problems we use an ordered probit model with Bayesian estimation of parameters. The ordered probit model shows appropriate correct detection rates and false alarm rates, and produces accurate effect sizes estimates and response probabilities. Bayesian estimation of this ordinal model is straight forward, yields rich and accurate information, and has no need for auxiliary sampling assumptions. We conclude that ordinal data ought to be analyzed with ordinal models, and that Bayesian estimation is an excellent method for accomplishing that goal.
Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, , Don Bergh, Chris Chambers, Harold Pashler, Jan De Ruiter, , Roger Giner-Sorolla, , Kai Jonas, et al.
Published: 1 January 2017
Abstract:
We outline an array of journal policies that JPSP:ASC could adopt to further promote transparent and responsible research practices; in turn, these practices will increase the reliability of research findings published in JPSP:ASC.
Torrin M. Liddell, John K. Kruschke
Published: 1 January 2015
SSRN Electronic Journal; https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2692323

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
European Journal of Personality, Volume 27, pp 5-14; https://doi.org/10.1002/per.1843

Abstract:
Nine principal personality psychology journals— Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP), Journal of Personality (JP), Journal of Research in Personality (JRP), European Journal of Personality (EJP), Personality and Individual Differences (PAID), Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (PSPB), Personality and Social Psychology Review (PSPR), Journal of Personality Assessment (JPA), and Journal of Personality Disorders (JPD)—have published 8510 research papers from 2001 to 2010. These papers have been cited 149 108 times (September 2011) by papers published in journals indexed in the Web of Science. Although personality psychologists from the US published the largest number of papers (4924, 57.9%) and had the largest number of citations (101 875, 68.3%), their relative contribution to personality literature has slightly diminished during the first decade of the new millennium. Unlike other countries, personality psychologists residing in the US demonstrated a strong country self–citation bias: They were about 14% more likely to cite papers which were written by their compatriots rather than non–US authors in three leading journals JPSP, PSPB, and PSPR. The intensity and pattern of citations indicate that personality psychology indeed occupies one of the core positions at the heart of psychological knowledge. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
The Editors
Published: 11 January 2010
Carbohydrate Research, Volume 345, pp 9-9; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carres.2009.11.001

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, Guy Elcheroth, Daniel Figini
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, Volume 19, pp 165-181; https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.991

Abstract:
To what extent can social psychology study individuals within social contexts without strengthening theories and methods appropriate for the analysis of individual development within changing societies? Theoretical and epistemological arguments stressing the centrality of a temporal dimension are reviewed. In order to generate an objective picture of the current research practices, a standardized content analysis was carried out on 699 empirical studies published around 2000 in the European Journal of Social Psychology (EJSP), the British Journal of Social Psychology (BJSP), the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP), the Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology (JCASP) and Social Psychology Quarterly (SPQ). This corpus was completed by a four-point longitudinal analysis—1972/1986/1993/2000—of BJSP, EJSP and JPSP publications. Findings reveal that most empirical studies are carried out on student samples and do not include time- or age-related explanatory variables, particularly in European mainstream publications. Structural analyses taking into account research methods, research topics, journals, and countries of the first authors suggest two oppositions that organize the field of research: a laboratory versus contextualized approach and a developmental versus monographic approach of social psychology. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Published: 1 January 2007
Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.1177/147470490700500108

Abstract:
Has the emergence of evolutionary psychology had an increasing impact on personality and social psychological research published over the past two decades? If so, is its growing influence substantially different from that of other emerging psychological areas? These questions were addressed in the present study by conducting a content analysis of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP) from 1985 to 2004 using the PsycINFO online abstract database. Specifically, keyword searches for “evol*” or “Darwin*” revealed that the percentage of JPSP articles drawing on evolutionary theory was modest, but increased significantly between 1985 and 2004. To compare the growing impact of evolutionary psychology with other psychological areas, similar keywords searches were performed in JPSP for emotion and motivation, judgment and decision making, neuroscience and psychophysiology, stereotyping and prejudice, and terror management theory. The increase in evolutionary theory in JPSP over time was practically equal to the mean increase over time for the other five areas. Thus, evolutionary psychology has played an increasing role in shaping personality and social psychological research over the past 20 years, and is growing at a rate consistent with other emerging psychological areas.
, Juan José Loźpez-García, María Peñarañda-Ortega, Francisco Tortosa-Gil
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 86, pp 435-452; https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.86.3.435

Abstract:
A bibliometric analysis of the first 36 years (1965-2000) of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP) is presented. The authors analyzed the structure of JPSP on the basis of contents and other aspects related to productivity, such as growth in the number of articles and authors, and "invisible colleges." In 2001, JPSP articles were cited over 23,000 times. An increasing number of older, classic articles are cited, suggesting that there are an accumulating number of citations whose influence endures over time. JPSP articles have grown in length, number of studies included, number of references, and number of authors and have become more international with an increasing proportion of authors from outside the United States. The pattern of findings suggests an increasingly complex and mature science. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Jamie Chamberlin, American Psychological Association; Public Information and Media Relations; Public Communications
Richard C. Sherman, Amy M. Buddie, Kristin L. Dragan, Christian M. End, Lila J. Finney
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Volume 25, pp 177-187; https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167299025002004

Abstract:
This investigation assessed the nature of research published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (PSPB) during the past 20 years (1976-1996) compared to another major journal in the field, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP). Articles in both journals have tended to become longer, to contain more studies, to be authored by more collaborators, and to employ a greater diversity of statistical analyses. Research in both journals has relied heavily on experimental designs using college undergraduates as participants, although the temporal pattern of this reliance is somewhat different in the two journals. Articles in PSPB have consistently emphasized the domain of attitudes and social cognition more than those in JPSP. The implications of these patterns are discussed in terms of their significance for progress in the field and their impact on the career experiences of researchers.
, Jennifer A. Hall,
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 68, pp 870-884; https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.68.5.870

Abstract:
Personality and social psychological studies of depression and depressive phenomena have become more methodologically sophisticated in recent years. In response to earlier problems in this literature, investigators have formulated sound suggestions for research designs. Studies of depression published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP) between 1988 and 1993 were reviewed to evaluate how well these recommendations have been followed. Forty-one articles were examined for adherence to 3 suggestions appearing consistently in the literature: (a) multiple assessment periods, (b) multiple assessment methods, and (c) appropriate comparison groups. The studies published in JPSP have not adhered well to these standards. The authors recommend resetting minimum methodological criteria for studies of depression published in the premier journal in personality and social psychology.
Richard L. Moreland, Michael A. Hogg, Sarah C. Hains
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 30, pp 527-555; https://doi.org/10.1006/jesp.1994.1025

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Bibb Latané
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Volume 5, pp 19-31; https://doi.org/10.1177/014616727900500105

Abstract:
To understand the traumatic events of 1977, I explore the role of JPSP in the process of scientific communication in personality and social psychology and argue that the journal's visibility and reputation derive from its position as the mass medium of its field. I trace the history and describe the governance of the journal and show how it has been difficult to apply policies designed to cope with the problems of other "large" APA journals to JPSP. I report the events leading up to JPSP's precipitous decline in size and present reasons why the page reduction was such a problem. Finally, I review the prospects facing JPSP.
Carnot E. Nelson, Peter H. Kannenberg
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Volume 2, pp 14-21; https://doi.org/10.1177/014616727600200103

Abstract:
References in the Handbook of Social Psychology (2nd Edition) were used to examine the field of social psychology during the period of 1953 to 1967. Measures were developed to indicate the "hotness" and "hardness" of material in the five volumes and in each chapter. The extent to which chapters referenced articles published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology was ascertained. There was no relationship between the "hotness" and "hardness" of an area indicating that social psychology had not become more basic research experimentally oriented. During the period studied, more emphasis was being placed on theory and methodology and less on groups. Data also indicated a variety of changes in more specialized areas. The content of JPSP as reflected in the Handbook emphasized the "harder" areas of social psychology and neglected the applied areas. The views of commentators on the field were discussed.
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