(searched for: 10.29328/journal.jcad.1001024)
Published: 14 October 2021
Journal of Clinical Advances in Dentistry, Volume 5, pp 005-011; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.jcad.1001024
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease. The potential risk of malignant transformation in OLP remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to review original clinical studies published in indexed databases, which assessed the potential risk cofactors which were implicated in the malignant transformation of oral lichen planus. We focused our search to include most of the studies that reported malignant transformation of oral lichen planus using different combinations of the following key indexing terms: oral lichen planus, malignant transformation, smoking, alcohol, chronic inflammation, candida, human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and immunosuppression. The animal studies were excluded from our study. Despite a dearth of studies on this topic we have identified consumption of tobacco and/or alcohol, the presence of erosive and/or atrophic areas, infection with candida, HCV, HPV, and immunosuppression as significant cofactors. Patients with OLP with these risk co-factors are at risk of malignant transformation should, therefore be followed up for an extensive period or even for life.
Published: 29 May 2018
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, Volume 52, pp 52-68; https://doi.org/10.1080/07481756.2017.1358063
Using effect sizes from Erford, Paul, Oncken, Kress, & Erford ( 2014 Erford, B. T. , Paul, L. E. , Oncken, C. , Kress, V. E. , & Erford, M. R. (2014). Counseling outcomes for youth with oppositional behavior: A meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92, 13–24. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2014.00125.x [Google Scholar] ) meta-analysis for treatments of oppositional defiant disorder and Erford, Bardhoshi, Ross, Gunther, & Duncan ( 2017 Erford, B. T. , Bardhoshi, G. , Ross, M. , Gunther, C. , & Duncan, K. (2017). Meta-analysis of counseling outcomes for youth with conduct disorders. Journal of Counseling & Development, 95, 35–44. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12115 [Google Scholar] ) meta-analysis of conduct problems in school-aged youth, the 6 most commonly used disruptive behavior instruments were analyzed for practical and technical strengths and weaknesses, and best use recommendations for screening and counseling outcome research were provided. The instruments included the Achenbach System of Empirically-Based Assessment (ASEBA), Revised Behavior Problem Checklist, Self-Report Delinquency Checklist, Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory/Sutter-Eyberg School Behavior Inventory, Conners–3 Rating Scale, and Parent Daily Report.
Computer-Aided Design, Volume 43, pp 417-426; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cad.2010.11.006
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Computer-Aided Design, Volume 42, pp 953-955; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cad.2010.08.005
Scientific Modeling and Simulation SMNS, Volume 15, pp 3-4; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10820-008-9098-9
Published: 1 January 2008
Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, Volume 68, pp 3-4; https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9741-6_2