(searched for: 10.29328/journal.apcr.1001024)
Published: 22 October 2021
Archives of Pathology and Clinical Research, Volume 5, pp 020-025; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.apcr.1001024
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a complex mechanism, which is believed to be mainly based on immune disorders and activation of inflammatory pathways. However, we have combed through the literature and found that the pathogenesis of psoriasis might involve a “mobius loop” of “immunity-inflammation-oxidative stress-proliferation” process. The disordered immune environment of the skin might act as the basis, the outbreak of inflammatory factors as the mediator, and the imbalance of oxidative stress homeostasis as the activator. These factors work together, leading to abnormal proliferation of keratinocytes and further immune abnormalities, finally aggravating psoriasis. Therefore, here we review the latest evidence and advance in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, trying to contribute to further understanding and treatment of psoriasis.
Published: 1 July 2006
Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, Volume 5, pp 335-348; https://doi.org/10.1139/s06-016
Air pollution control residues (APCR) from municipal waste incinerators are usually considered as hazardous wastes because of their high contents in easily soluble Pb and other toxic metal contaminants. The objective of this research was to compare various techniques using Pb adsorption on Sphagnum peat moss (MT) for the treatment of alkaline leachates produced during the decontamination of various types of APCR including used lime (CU), electrofilter ashes (CE), and boiler ashes (CC). Regeneration tests of saturated MT using hydrochloric and sulphuric acids have revealed that excessive acid consumption (>250 kg acid/metric ton of treated APCR) are necessary for the elution of metals. However, the incineration of the saturated MT and its possible valorization represents an interesting way to explore for the management of the adsorbent. This method allows to reduce by a factor of 3 or 4 the mass of residues and increases in the same proportion the Pb content in the incinerated MT. Finally, the present study has highlighted that ion exchange on the anionic functional groups of MT would be one of the most important mechanisms implied in the Pb fixation on this natural sorbent during the treatment of very alkaline leachates (pH > 11) of APCR.Key words: lead, leaching, incinerator, air pollution control residues (APCR), removal, peat, adsorption, toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP).[Journal translation]