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Bekele Tigabu, Alamnie Getachew
Annals of Advances in Chemistry, Volume 6, pp 001-009; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.aac.1001025

Abstract:
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are emerging pathogens whose resistance profiles generate a serious health crisis by holding their impact on human health. Misuse of antibiotics has directed the emergence of microbes immune to presently accessible drugs. Pathogenic bacteria become resistant by employing various mechanisms, such as; antibiotic modification, target site alteration, and biofilm formation, increasing the time they spend in the intracellular environment where antibiotics are unable to succeed at therapeutic levels. Due to this, attempts are being made to develop new alternative nanoantibiotics as a promising approach to treat multidrug resistance disease-causing bacteria. Accordingly, there is considerable contemporary attention to the use of nanoparticles (NPs) as antibacterial agents against different pathogens and as target drug delivery toward specific tissues therefore microbes are eliminated by the biocidal properties of nanoantibiotics. Additionally, the utilization of nanoencapsulation systems can help to beat the issues of, those with toxicity natures, and target drug delivery problems. This review encompasses the antibiotic resistance prevalence, mechanisms, and therefore the use of nanoparticles as antibacterial and drug delivery systems to overcome the antibiotic resistance challenges of bacteria. Overall, this review paper provides a conceptual framework for understanding the complexity of the matter of emergence of antibiotic resistance bacteria even for brand spanking new synthesized antibiotics. Therefore the availability of such knowledge will allow researchers to supply detailed studies about the applications of nanoparticles in the treatment of multidrug-resistant bacteria.
Yoshihiro Watanabe, Yukihiro Asami, Satomi Narusawa, Shohei Hashimoto, Masato Iwatsuki, Kenichi Nonaka, Yasuo Shinohara, Takahiro Shiotsuki, Naoya Ichimaru, Hideto Miyoshi, et al.
Published: 11 October 2017
The Journal of Antibiotics, Volume 71, pp 146-148; https://doi.org/10.1038/ja.2017.118

Abstract:
A new lanostane-type triterpenoid, ascosteroside D, was isolated from a fungus, Aspergillus sp. FKI-6682. It inhibited insect ADP/ATP carrier protein (AAC)-expressing Saccharomyces cerevisiae in glycerol-containing medium, but did not inhibit Δaac S. cerevisiae in glucose-containing medium. It is hypothesized that ascosteroside D inhibits ATP production in mitochondria.The Journal of Antibiotics advance online publication, 11 October 2017; doi:10.1038/ja.2017.118.
Charmian Brinson, Marian Malet, Sally Crawford, , Jaś Elsner
Published: 9 March 2017
Abstract:
Rudolf Olden was one of the best-known journalists and lawyers of the Weimar Republic; because of his anti-Nazi stance, he was compelled to flee Germany in 1933. Contacts with the AAC led to Olden being offered a cottage in the grounds of Gilbert Murray’s house, on the outskirts of Oxford, and to some lecturing at Oxford University. This chapter examines Olden’s activities during the five years he spent in Oxford, when he attempted to warn the British through his journalism, books, teaching, and speaking engagements of the dangers of National Socialism. Through his honorary secretaryship of German PEN (Poets, Essayists, Novelists) in Exile, he was also able to help a number of writers wishing to come to Britain. He played a significant role in campaigns on behalf of fellow journalists held in German concentration camps, such as Berthold Jacob and Carl von Ossietzky, drawing on his Oxford connections.
Published: 25 August 2010
Journal of Cancer Education, Volume 25, pp 273-274; https://doi.org/10.1007/s13187-010-0150-6

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Sina Jasim
Published: 1 January 2022
AACE Clinical Case Reports, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aace.2021.12.004

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 9 January 2007
The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Sina Jasim
Published: 28 August 2021
AACE Clinical Case Reports, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aace.2021.08.003

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
George E. Saulnier, Janna C. Castro,
Published: 1 March 2014
Endocrine Practice, Volume 20, pp 207-212; https://doi.org/10.4158/ep13186.or

Abstract:
Rapid Electronic Articles in Press are preprinted manuscripts that have been reviewed and accepted for publication, but have yet to be edited, typeset and finalized. This version of the manuscript will be replaced with the final, published version after it has been published in the print edition of the journal. The final, published version may differ from this proof. DOI:10.4158/EP13186.OR © 2013 AACE
at - Automatisierungstechnik, Volume 57, pp 535-536; https://doi.org/10.1524/auto.2009.9072

Abstract:
Article Advances in Automotive Control AAC 2010 was published on October 1, 2009 in the journal at - Automatisierungstechnik (volume 57, issue 10).
Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Volume 20, pp 194-208; https://doi.org/10.1080/07434610400010960

Abstract:
This metadata relates to an electronic version of an article published in Augmentative and alternative communication, 2004, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 194-208. Augmentative and alternative communication is available online at informaworldTM at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/07434618.asp
The ASHA Leader, Volume 20, pp 18-18; https://doi.org/10.1044/leader.rib2.20042015.18

Abstract:
Children with severe, congenital speech impairments who use augmentative and alternative communication may benefit from direct intervention involving yes/no questions, shows new research published in the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology.
Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention, Volume 7, pp 52-56; https://doi.org/10.1080/17489539.2013.809900

Abstract:
Gadberry, A. L. (2011). A survey of the use of aided augmentative and alternative communication during music therapy sessions with persons with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Music Therapy, 48, 74–89. Source of funding and disclosure of interest: No source of funding reported, and no conflicts of interest reported by the original authors of this research report.
Joseph O'donnell
Journal of Cancer Education, Volume 21, pp 196-197; https://doi.org/10.1080/08858190701353026

Abstract:
Providing researchers with access to millions of scientific documents from journals, books, series, protocols and reference works.
Moritz Lönhoff, Hamid Sadegh Azar
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmri.2020.106304

Abstract:
Inderscience Publishers: publishers of distinguished academic, scientific and professional journals.
Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Volume 34, pp 93-103; https://doi.org/10.1080/07434618.2018.1456560

Abstract:
Since its inception in 1985, the AAC journal has been publishing scientific articles related to the field of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) that (a) report research concerning assessment, treatment, rehabilitation, and education of people who use or have the potential to use AAC systems and (b) cover theory, technology, and systems development relevant to AAC. The journal has maintained a consistent focus on the science and practice of AAC while also advancing in varied and impressive ways. Among the many developments apparent in AAC over the years, methodological advancements emerge as pivotal within the evolution of the science of AAC. This report examines the state of the science in behavioral AAC research with specific regard to changes and opportunities in research methodology. Illustrations from articles published in Volume 1 (1985) and Volume 32 (2016) of AAC are used in this paper to frame commentary on (a) contextual consideration in conducting AAC research, (b) types of research design, (c) considerations of procedural rigor, and (d) future methodological directions and resources. If the AAC field is to meet the goal of ensuring that all individuals with complex communication needs achieve their full potential, meaningful questions must be posed to address key problems, and rigorous scientific methods must be employed to answer these questions.
Innovations in Education & Training International, Volume 36, pp 351-360; https://doi.org/10.1080/1355800990360411

Abstract:
The Journal of Interactive Learning Research (JILR)is published by the Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). AACE is based in Charlottesville, USA (http://www.aace.org) and produces a number of journals relating to applications of computing and telecommunications within education. Recently, a special double‐issue of JILRwas produced (Volume 8, Issues 3/4, 1997) which was devoted to the topic of ‘concept mapping’. This paper analyses and critically reviews the ten papers contained in that special issue.
Ian Phillips, Kevin Shannon
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Volume 3, pp 621-621; https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/3.6.621

Abstract:
IAN PHILLIPS, KEVIN SHANNON; AAC (2) versus AAC (6), Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Volume 3, Issue 6, 1 November 1977, Pages 621, https://doi.org/10.1
Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Volume 31, pp 261-270; https://doi.org/10.3109/07434618.2015.1099736

Abstract:
For the past 30 years, the Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) journal has both documented and instigated change in the field of AAC. We reviewed the papers published in the AAC journal from1985–2014 in order to identify trends in research and publication activities. Intervention research made up the largest proportion of the four types of research (i.e., intervention, descriptive, experimental, and instrument and measurement development) reported in the journal. Intervention research has most commonly focused on the individual with complex communication needs, and most frequently on younger individuals (aged 17 and younger) with developmental disabilities. While much has been learned in the past 30 years, there continues to be a need for high quality research in a large number of areas. There is a special need for reports of interventions with older individuals with complex communication needs as a result of acquired disabilities, and for information on effective interventions for the communication partners of persons with complex communication needs.
, Catia Walter
International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, Volume 67, pp 263-279; https://doi.org/10.1080/1034912x.2018.1515424

Abstract:
The effectiveness of using Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) with individuals with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is well documented in descriptive reviews and meta-analytic investigations published in international journals in the last decade. Most of these analyses include researches conducted in North-American or European countries, where AAC has become an evidence-based practice. Little is known, however, about the use of AAC for individuals with ASD in developing countries. The purpose of this descriptive review was to elucidate how AAC has been used with individuals with ASD in Brazil. Nineteen studies, including dissertations, theses and journal articles, published in the last five years, were analysed. Results revealed the prevalence of low-technology AAC, with a significant portion using picture-exchange communication methods. The use of higher-technology devices was limited and none of the investigations used manual signs. Most were intervention studies that used primarily quasi-experimental designs to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention packages on school-aged children in natural settings. Strengths/weaknesses of the studies, overall limitations, and recommendations for future research are discussed.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Volume 39, pp 1755-1756; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0781-9

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Xenia Ribaya Emperador Garnace
PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 3, pp 1320-1332; https://doi.org/10.20319/pijss.2018.33.13201332

Abstract:
This study presents a systematic literature review focusing on the Interrelationship of Language and the Brain and Language Disorders in Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) based on a number of published researches in several refereed international journals available in various online databases. A repertory grid was utilized to plot the responses to the research questions posted. The data on the grid were analyzed to be able to identify the various gaps in the researches conducted. Consequently, this study yields the following concepts: the Role of Assistive Technology and Mediation, Interventions in AAC, and Focus on AAC Outcomes. It is concluded that these concepts should form part of the compendia to be used by language teachers, especially those specializing in psycholinguistics and AAC. Finally, the paper presents suggestions for further research into AAC and psycholinguistics per se.
Travis Threats
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, Volume 1, pp 61-62; https://doi.org/10.1044/persp1.sig12.61

Abstract:
This Part of Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups concerns the use of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) with individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Serving as guest editor was a challenging task, considering the excellent special issue dealing with the ICF and AAC in a 2012 special edition of the journal Augmentative and Alternative Communication, with guest editors Drs. Melanie Fried-Oken and Mats Granlund. Readers interested in a comprehensive description of the use of the ICF with AAC are encouraged to read the articles in that issue. The articles in this Part further expand upon the implications of applying this framework in AAC.
, Miechelle McKelvey, , , Sarah Blackstone, , Julia Fischer, Kathryn Garrett, Lewis Golinker, Amber Thiessen, et al.
Augmentative and Alternative Communication pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.1080/07434618.2022.2077831

Abstract:
On February 5, 2022, the field of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) lost a giant when Dr. David “Dave” Beukelman passed away. As the readership of this journal is aware, Dave was one of the principal founders of the AAC field and devoted his career to providing a voice to those without one. Before AAC became a field, people who could not talk were invisible or seldom noticed, unless they were in the way. For more than 40 years, he was a catalyst for change in AAC clinical practice, research, dissemination, teaching, and public policy development. This tribute aims to honor Dave’s lifelong mission of serving others by sharing some of his most timeless and valued lessons. Each lesson begins with one of Dave’s most enduring quotes that is then followed by a brief synopsis of the lesson Dave hoped to convey.
Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Volume 31, pp 181-202; https://doi.org/10.3109/07434618.2015.1064163

Abstract:
This article provides an overview of early intervention and AAC over the 30-year period since the founding of the journal Augmentative and Alternative Communication in 1985. It discusses the global context for early intervention and addresses issues pertaining to young children from birth to 6 years of age. It provides a narrative review and synthesis of the evidence base in AAC and early intervention. Finally, it provides implications for practice and future research directions.
Mohei Menul Islam, Muhammad Harunur Rashid, Aqib Muntasir
Journal of Engineering Science, Volume 12, pp 11-17; https://doi.org/10.3329/jes.v12i3.57475

Abstract:
Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) prepared by the mixing of ordinary Portland cement, lime powder, sand, aluminium powder and water. This study covers the variation of physical, mechanical and functional properties of autoclaved aerated concrete with autoclaving temperature and aluminium content and compared with that of normal weight cement mortar sample. In this work, two dosage of aluminium content of 0.4% and 0.8% of the dry weight of ordinary Portland cement and three different autoclaving temperature of 160oC, 180oC and 200oC were used. AAC sample with 0.8% aluminium and 160oC temperature had unit weight of 1490kg/m3 which was lowest among all samples including the control or normal weight cement blocks. Weight reduction of AAC sample was 31.53%. AAC sample with 0.4% aluminium and 200oC autoclaving temperature gave maximum compressive and tensile strength of 19.4MPa and 1.81MPa respectively which were close to that of normal weight concrete and strength of AAC increased with autoclaving temperature and decreased with aluminium content. In this research, the functional propertiesof AAC, absorption capacity was much higher than normal weight concrete and this capacity was increased with aluminium content and with decreasing autoclaving temperature and unit weight of AAC. For AAC with 0.8% aluminium and 160oC temperature gave maximum water absorption capacity (=9.93%). Again, surface absorption rate was higher for first 12hours and with time it would be constant because of its saturated position. Journal of Engineering Science 12(3), 2021, 11-17
Comment
R. Vanhoof, , H. J. Nyssen, E. Hannecart-Pokorni
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Volume 34, pp 595-596; https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/34.4.595

Abstract:
R. VANHOOF, E. NULENS, H. J. NYSSEN, E. HANNECART-POKORNI; The utility of the PCR method to study aacA gene heterogeneity in Serratia marcescens, Journal of An
, Ahmad Ghasemi, , Kamran Dastehgoli, Maryam Rezaei
Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.5812/jjm.6244

Abstract:
Virulence Gene’s Relationship With Biofilm Formation and Detection of aac (6’)/aph (2”) in Enterococcus faecalis Isolated From Patients With Urinary Tract Infection - Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology - - Kowsar
Rúbia Eliza De Oliveira Schultz Ascari, Roberto Pereira, Luciano Silva
Journal on Interactive Systems, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.5753/jis.2018.704

Abstract:
Verbal communication is essential for socialization, meaning construction and knowledge sharing in a society. When verbal communication does not occur naturally because of constraints in people’s and environments capabilities, it is necessary to design alternative means. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) aims to complement or replace speech to compensate difficulties of verbal expression. AAC systems can provide technological support for people with speech disorders, assisting in the inclusion, learning and sharing of experiences. This paper presents a systematic mapping of the literature to identify research initiatives regarding the use of mobile devices and AAC solutions. The search identified 1366 potentially eligible scientific articles published between 2006 and 2016, indexed by ACM, IEEE, Science Direct, and Springer databases and by the SBC Journal on Interactive Systems. From the retrieved papers, 99 were selected and categorized into themes of research interest: games, autism, usability, assistive technology, AAC, computer interfaces, interaction in mobile devices, education, among others. Most of papers (57 out of 99) presented some form of interaction via mobile devices, and 46 papers were related to assistive technology, from which 14 were related to AAC. The results offer an overview on the applied research on mobile devices for AAC, pointing out to opportunities and challenges in this research domain, with emphasis on the need to promoting the use and effective adoption of assistive technology.
Nathalie Iannotti, Lidia Gazzola, Alessia Savoldi, Elisa Suardi, Viola Cogliandro, Francesca Bai, Alberto Magenta, Mauro Peri, Teresa Bini, Giulia Marchetti, et al.
Journal of the International AIDS Society, Volume 17, pp 19715-19715; https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.17.4.19715

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Maria Antonella Costantino,
Published: 13 March 2014
Abstract:
Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) is used for treating children with severe disorders of speech-language production and/or comprehension. Various strategies are used, but research and debate on their efficacy have remained limited to a specific area and have rarely reached the general medical community. To systematically evaluate outcomes of AAC interventions in children with limited speech or language skills. Searches were conducted (up to December 2012) in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, DARE, and Cochrane Library databases. Furthermore, relevant journals were searched by hand. References from identified studies were examined. Only RCTs were considered. Trial quality was assessed according to a standardized and validated set of criteria. Fourteen of 1661 retrieved papers met inclusion criteria. A total of 666 children were included in the review and 7 papers involved only children <5 years old. Papers were of average quality and all but one had been published during the previous 10 years by one of 8 research groups, 5 of which from the United States. Seven studies directly addressed AAC use by children with different disabilities. Seven studies enrolled typically developing children: 5 evaluated the use of AAC technologies by children without disabilities in order to obtain results that could be used to improve interventions in peers with disabilities, and 2 evaluated peers’ attitudes towards children who used AAC. Both interventions and outcome measures varied widely between studies. Overall findings demonstrate the effectiveness of the AAC interventions considered, but the focus on RCTs alone appears too restrictive. Solid evidence of the positive effects of AAC interventions in children with severe communication disorders must be generated, and different methods are needed besides RCTs. Moreover, it is important that knowledge, research, and debate extend to the medical community in order to ensure clinically effective AAC provision for these children (and their parents).
, Diane Nelson Bryen
Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Volume 29, pp 174-181; https://doi.org/10.3109/07434618.2013.784805

Abstract:
The vocabulary needs of individuals who are unable to spell their messages continue to be of concern in the fi eld of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Social validation of vocabulary selection has been suggested as one way to improve the effectiveness and relevance of service delivery in AAC. Despite increased emphasis on stakeholder accountability, social validation is not frequently used in AAC research. This paper describes an investigation of the social validity of a vocabulary set identifi ed in earlier research. A previous study used stakeholder focus groups to identify vocabulary that could be used by South African adults who use AAC to disclose their experiences as victims of crime or abuse. Another study used this vocabulary to create communication boards for use by adults with complex communication needs. In this current project, 12 South African adults with complex communication needs who use AAC systems used a 5-point Likert scale to score the importance of each of the previously identifi ed 57 vocabulary items. This two-step process of fi rst using stakeholder focus groups to identify vocabulary, and then having literate persons who use AAC provide information on social validity of the vocabulary on behalf of their peers who are illiterate, appears to hold promise as a culturally relevant vocabulary selection approach for sensitive topics such as crime and abuse.http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/07434618.asphb201
Chaitanya Narisetty, Emiru Tsunoo, XuanKai Chang, Yosuke Kashiwagi, Michael Hentschel, Shinji Watanabe
ICASSP 2022 - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP) pp 7892-7896; https://doi.org/10.1109/icassp43922.2022.9746601

Abstract:
Speech samples recorded in both indoor and outdoor environments are often contaminated with secondary audio sources. Most end-to-end monaural speech recognition systems either remove these background sounds using speech enhancement or train noise-robust models. For better model interpretability and holistic understanding, we aim to bring together the growing field of automated audio captioning (AAC) and the thoroughly studied automatic speech recognition (ASR). The goal of AAC is to generate natural language descriptions of contents in audio samples. We propose several approaches for end-to-end joint modeling of ASR and AAC tasks and demonstrate their advantages over traditional approaches, which model these tasks independently. A major hurdle in evaluating our proposed approach is the lack of labeled audio datasets with both speech transcriptions and audio captions. Therefore we also create a multi-task dataset by mixing the clean speech Wall Street Journal corpus with multiple levels of background noises chosen from the AudioCaps dataset. We also perform extensive experimental evaluation and show improvements of our proposed methods as compared to existing state-of-the-art ASR and AAC methods.
Chaitanya Narisetty, Emiru Tsunoo, XuanKai Chang, Yosuke Kashiwagi, Michael Hentschel, Shinji Watanabe
Published: 3 February 2022
Abstract:
Speech samples recorded in both indoor and outdoor environments are often contaminated with secondary audio sources. Most end-to-end monaural speech recognition systems either remove these background sounds using speech enhancement or train noise-robust models. For better model interpretability and holistic understanding, we aim to bring together the growing field of automated audio captioning (AAC) and the thoroughly studied automatic speech recognition (ASR). The goal of AAC is to generate natural language descriptions of contents in audio samples. We propose several approaches for end-to-end joint modeling of ASR and AAC tasks and demonstrate their advantages over traditional approaches, which model these tasks independently. A major hurdle in evaluating our proposed approach is the lack of labeled audio datasets with both speech transcriptions and audio captions. Therefore we also create a multi-task dataset by mixing the clean speech Wall Street Journal corpus with multiple levels of background noises chosen from the AudioCaps dataset. We also perform extensive experimental evaluation and show improvements of our proposed methods as compared to existing state-of-the-art ASR and AAC methods.
, Pam Enderby, Philippa Evans,
Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica, Volume 64, pp 137-144; https://doi.org/10.1159/000338250

Abstract:
Background/Aims: In the last 20 years the range of high-technology augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) aids has rapidly expanded. This review aimed to provide a ‘state of the art’ synthesis, to provide evidence-based information for researchers, potential users and service providers. Methods: Electronic databases were searched from 2000 to 2010, together with reference lists of included papers and review papers. The review considered work of any design which reported an intervention using high-tech AAC with people who have communication difficulties (excluding those with solely hearing or visual loss) published in peer-reviewed journals. Results: Sixty-five papers reporting interventions using high-tech AAC were identified. There was evidence that high-technology AAC may be beneficial across a range of diagnoses and ages. The evidence, however, is currently drawn from studies using designs considered to be at high risk of bias. Conclusion: The review suggests that the high level of individual variation in outcome requires a greater understanding of characteristics of clients who may or may not benefit from this technology. Also, the wide range of outcomes measured requires further work in the field to establish what a ‘good outcome’ from intervention may be.
Alexander J Rodríguez, Kevin Leow, , David Scott, Peter Ebeling, , Germaine Wong, Wai H Lim, John T Schousboe, Douglas P Kiel, et al.
Published: 2 April 2019
by BMJ
Abstract:
IntroductionAbdominal aortic calcification (AAC) is associated with low bone mass and increased fracture risk. Two previous meta-analyses have investigated the association between AAC and fracture. However, these meta-analyses only identified articles until December 2016, undertook limited searches and did not explore potential sources of between-study heterogeneity. We aim to undertake a sensitive and comprehensive assessment of the relationship between AAC, bone mineral density (BMD) as well as prevalent and incident fractures.MethodsWe will search MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science core collection and Google Scholar (top 200 articles sorted by relevance) from their inception to 1 June 2018. Reference lists of included studies and previous systematic reviews will be hand searched for additional eligible studies. Retrospective and prospective cohort studies (cross-sectional, case–control and longitudinal) reporting the association between AAC, BMD and fracture at any site will be included. At least two investigators will independently: (A) evaluate study eligibility and extract data, with a third investigator to adjudicate when discrepancies occur, (B) assess study quality by the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for each cohort/study. The meta-analysis will be reported in adherence to the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology criteria. AAC will be grouped as either: (1) AAC present or absent, (2) AAC categorised as ‘low’ (referent—lowest reported group) versus ‘high’ (all other groups) or (3) dose–response when AAC was assessed in ≥3 groups. Where primary event data were reported in individual studies, pooled risk differences and risk ratios with 95% CI will be calculated, from which, a summary estimate will be determined using DerSimonian-Laird random effects models. For the AAC and BMD pooled analyses, estimates will be expressed as standardised mean difference with 95% CI. We will examine the likelihood of publication bias and where possible, investigate potential reasons for between-study heterogeneity using subgroup analyses and meta-regression.Ethics and disseminationThe study will be submitted to a peer- reviewed journal and disseminated via research presentations.PROSPERO registration numberCRD42018088019.
, , Shane Erickson
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, pp 2349-2361; https://doi.org/10.2147/ndt.s95967

Abstract:
The role of augmentative and alternative communication for children with autism: current status and future trends Teresa Iacono,1 David Trembath,2 Shane Erickson3 1Living with Disability Research Centre, La Trobe University, Bendigo, VIC, Australia; 2Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia; 3Living with Disability Research Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia Background: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions are used for children with autism, often as stand-alone communication interventions for those who are minimally verbal. Our aim was to synthesize the evidence for AAC interventions for children (up to 21 years), and then consider the role of AAC within established, comprehensive, evidence-based autism interventions targeting learning across multiple developmental domains.Design: We completed a systematic search of three databases (OVID Medline, PsycINFO, ERIC) as well as forward citation and hand searches to identify systematic reviews of AAC intervention efficacy research including children with autism, published between 2000 and March 2016 in peer-reviewed journals. Data pertaining to the quality indicators of included studies, effect sizes for intervention outcomes, and evidence for effectiveness were extracted for descriptive analysis.Results: The search yielded 17 systematic reviews. Most provided indicators of research quality for included studies, of which only relatively few provided conclusive results. Communication targets tended to be focused on teaching children to make requests. Still, effect size measures for included studies indicated that AAC was effective to highly effective.Conclusion: There is growing evidence for the potential benefits of AAC for children with autism, but there is a need for more well-designed studies and broader, targeted outcomes. Furthermore, a lack of evidence for the role of AAC within comprehensive intervention programs may account for a tendency by autism researchers and practitioners to neglect this intervention. Attempts to compare evidence for AAC with other interventions for children with autism, including those in which the use of AAC is delayed or excluded in pursuit of speech-only communication, must take into account the needs of children with the most significant learning needs. These children pose the greatest challenges to achieving large and consistent intervention effects, yet stand to gain the most from AAC interventions. Keywords: autism, augmentative and alternative communication, intervention, research synthesis
Nusa: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 13, pp 351-360; https://doi.org/10.14710/nusa.13.3.351-360

Abstract:
Research on the novel Ayat-Ayat Cinta (AAC) by Habiburrahman el Shirazy with ideological hegemony approach, the author's knowledge based on search on the internet, reference to the latest online journal (last 5 years), not found yet. Various related studies AAC most of them reviewed from the aspect of religiosity, da'wah and religious messages. This study aims to reveal ideological hegemony contained in the novel AAC. This literature study research, using the Gramsci hegemony approach. The research method used is descriptive analytic. The results showed Fahri's main character was constructed by the author with many positive attributes attached; handsome, smart, simple, obedient, and kind. These positive attributes and images make most female figures (Aisha, Maria, Nurul, Noura, Alicea) interested and admired Fahri, so Fahri also benefited and became a dominant class (hegemonic). Hegemony process these figures pan out, because one of them supported by religious ideology.
, Elizabeth Hartmann
Published: 1 November 2006
Journal of Communication Disorders, Volume 39, pp 456-480; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2006.04.005

Abstract:
The ability to narrate a story is fundamental to the development of overall communicative competence and involves the coordination of a variety of knowledge structures and linguistic abilities. In this study, the narrative discourse abilities of four children who use AAC are described in the context of five tasks designed to elicit a spectrum of narrative skills. Assessment was achieved through application of the Narrative Assessment Profile tool [Bliss, L. S., McCabe, A., & Miranda A. E. (1998). Narrative assessment profile: Discourse analysis for school-age children. Journal of Communication Disorders, 31, 347-362.] and analysis of seven major story elements. Our results indicate that most narrative discourse dimensions in our participating children appeared to be compromised and in need of intervention. Discussion includes aspects of narrative intervention and suggested topics for further research. The reader will be able to: (1) create a list of issues involved in the development of narrative abilities of children who depend on augmentative and alternative communication systems (AAC) and (2) describe the issues involved in assessing the narrative skills of children who use AAC.
, Farhana Sarker, Tom Chau, Khondaker A. Mamun
Abstract:
Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) emerged as a combination of methods or strategies that constitute any device, such as Speech Generating Device (SGD), Program (mobile applications), Procedure (PECS, Picture Exchange Communication System), which enhances individual’s communication ability. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a spectrum of comprehensive neurodevelopment disorder that leads to speech impairments, repetitive behavior, and social communication difficulties; therefore, it is imperative to underscore that at the core of all impediments are communication impairment. This article represents a systematic review of research initiatives that investigate multi-modal AAC strategies and functionality, features of mobile applications to reinforce communication and communal skills in verbally challenged ASD children because other researches are focused only on low or high-tech AAC or interventions to provide insights on ASD children respond to a particular approach. Following the PRISMA method, a total of 60 (January 2015 to October 2020) research articles were reviewed, indexed by Springer, Science Direct, Scopus, ACM, IEEE databases, and published in the AAC journal. The selected research articles are categorized into different themes where most of them focused on interactive mobile applications to improve emotional, social, learning, and overall communication skills in verbally challenged ASD children. This systematic review provides an outline of the paradigm shift in AAC modalities from PECS to Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), and Augmented Reality (AR) based applications. It opens up underline future opportunities to integrate intelligent analytics features in mobile applications to strengthen communication skills in verbally undermined ASD children.
Andrea R. Williams, David S. Reeves, Alasdair P. MacGowan
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Volume 38, pp 1097-1101; https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/38.6.1097

Abstract:
There is a feeling that the contribution of researchers from the United Kingdom in the antimicrobial chemotherapy area is in decline, and we, therefore, reviewed publications in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (JAC) and Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (AAC) in 4 of the last 14 years. In absolute numbers the total number of UK first author publications in these two journals were 103, 78, 107 and 82 in 1980, 1985, 1990 and 1994 respectively. The percentage of first author papers from the UK in JAC was 35%, 21% 24%, 23% and in AAC was 5.7%, 4,9%, 5.1% and 4.7% for the years 1980, 1985, 1990 and 1994 respectively. Within the UK there has been a relative decline in the number of publications produced by NHS hospital departments and an increase in those produced by universities. Ten institutions (four universities, two pharmaceutical companies and four NHS departments) produced almost half of the UK publications. There is no room for complacency about the state of British antimicrobial research and the relative decline in the NHS hospital sector's contribution, the largest contributor numerically, even before the full impact of the ongoing NHS reforms, is cause for concern.
, Basak Karbek, Bekir Ucan, Mustafa Sahin, Erman Cakal, Mustafa Ozbek, Tuncay Delibasi
Published: 1 May 2013
Endocrine Practice, Volume 19, pp 479-484; https://doi.org/10.4158/ep12376.or

Abstract:
Rapid Electronic Articles in Press are preprinted manuscripts that have been reviewed and accepted for publication, but have yet to be edited, typeset and finalized. This version of the manuscript will be replaced with the final, published version after it has been published in the print edition of the journal. The final, published version may differ from this proof. DOI:10.4158/EP12376.OR © 2013 AACE
Sina Jasim
Published: 1 May 2022
AACE Clinical Case Reports, Volume 8, pp 103-104; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aace.2022.04.007

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American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, Volume 17, pp 212-230; https://doi.org/10.1044/1058-0360(2008/021)

Abstract:
Purpose This systematic review aimed to determine the effects of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) intervention on speech production in children with autism or pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified. Method A systematic review methodology was utilized to limit bias in searching, selecting, coding, and synthesizing relevant treatment studies. This involved a multifaceted search for studies written between 1975 and May 2007 using various bibliographic databases, dissertation databases, hand searches of selected journals and published compilations of AAC theses and dissertations, and ancestry searches. To be included, studies had to meet stringent criteria. A coding manual and form facilitated data extraction in terms of participant characteristics, treatment characteristics, design and measurement, and outcomes. Results Nine single-subject experimental design (27 participants) and 2 group studies (98 participants) were included. Results indicated that AAC interventions do not impede speech production. In fact, most studies reported an increase in speech production. However, in-depth analyses revealed that the gains were rather modest. Conclusions Although AAC interventions do not appear to impede speech production and may result in increased speech production, the modest gains observed require realistic expectations among clinicians and other stakeholders. Future research should be more hypothesis driven and aim to identify predictive child characteristics, such as prior speech imitation and object exploration skills.
Pedro Réquio
Cadernos de Literatura Comparada pp 275-290; https://doi.org/10.21747/2183-2242/cad44a16

Abstract:
This article aims to evaluate the creation and literary dissemination of students from the Academic Association of Coimbra (AAC) during the period between 1958 and 1962. The chronological limits are justified by Humberto Delgado’s candidacy to the 1958 presidential elections, which brings with it the politicization of different sectors of society, and the first academic crisis, in 1962. During the period mentioned in the AAC magazine, Via Latina, many short stories and literary essays by university students were published. This production denotes a clear influence of the artistic currents that dominated the Portuguese cultural panorama at the time. Inspired by neo-realism and existentialism, as well as by democratizing political opportunities, these authors carried out a transformation of the university and Coimbra’s cultural panorama. For a richer analysis, Via Latina is compared with other academic journals of the time. This article has used interviews with members of the magazine.
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