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(searched for: (10.5155/eurjchem.7.4.468-472.1508))
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, Maghraby Ali Selim, Abdul-Aziz Alnajjar, Mohamed Atallah, Mohamed Hilmy Elnagdi
European Journal of Chemistry, Volume 7, pp 468-472; doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.4.468-472.1508

Abstract:
A novel multi-component reaction between arylhydrazonals, malononitrile and aromatic aldehydes under high pressure utilizing Q-tube was carried out. The reaction of arylhydrazonal (1j) with malononitrile and aromatic aldehydes afforded the corresponding biphenyl derivatives (4). However, compound 1h reacted with malononitrile and aromatic aldehydes (7) to afford pyridazino[5,4,3-de]1,6-naphthyridine-7-carbonitrile derivatives (8). In contrast, the arylhydrazonal (1k) at the same reaction conditions afforded the corresponding pyridazinoquinazoline derivative (22). A rationalization for the difference in behavior for reaction of compounds 1h-k with malononitrile and aromatic aldehydes was postulated. Based on these findings a mechanism to account for the formation of the reaction products is suggested excluding possible initial dimerization of malononitrile as has been previously reported.
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