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(searched for: doi:(10.22271/*))
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S Jesupriya Poornakala, Vm Indumathi, K Shanthi
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 819-825; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6l.10871

Abstract:
Cashew apple is a tropical fruit which is an important byproduct of the cashew nut processing industry. It can be consumed as fresh fruit, but also possess sensory and nutritional characteristics for food process industrialization, due to its fleshy pulp, soft peel, no seeds and strong exotic flavor. These fruits are being wasted across various parts of the cashew growing countries due to its short production period and high perishability. It is a less utilized product because of its astringent and acrid principles. Numerous quantities of cashew apple are being wasted annually because the focus was on nuts alone. There is a need to address these problems by developing a technique which is easily adoptable and cost effective. Also, the processing should not affect the quality of the product. Cashew apple and their products have a potential market in the domestic and international forum. Though there are some limitations, certain physical and chemical processing steps are to be followed to bring out quality and palatable cashew apple products with significant nutritive qualities. The value added products from cashew apple is a thrust area of research for food technologists, industrialists and farmers and of course these products are a definite alternate solution for nutritional source. Processing of cashew apple will turn out to be economic potential for farmers, entrepreneurs and consumers. In this present review, we discussed about the feasibility of production of various value added cashew apple processed foods.
Pv Makasare, Ab Bagade, Mp Wankhade
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 752-756; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6k.10859

Abstract:
The combining ability analysis of 8×8 half diallel set of crosses in brinjal was undertaken for fruit yield and its attributing characters. Eight parents, twenty eight hybrids and two standard checks were evaluated during late kharif/rabi 2018-19 for the present study in randomized block design for two replications. The analysis of variance revealed presence of considerable variability among genotypes for all the characters under study. Combining ability analysis revealed important of both additive and non additive variances in expression of various traits. Among the parental genotypes, parent SBJH-631 and Sep-034 were good general combiners for fruit length, fruit cluster per plant, number of fruits per plant, fruit yield, number of leaves per plant, shoot borer infestation and fruit borer infestation. Followed by Utkal Keshari and IBH-2 for days to 50% flowering, fruit weight, fruit diameter, fruit cluster per plant, number of fruits per cluster and fruit borer infestation. In respect to estimates of specific combining ability effects, cross IBH-2 x SBJH-631 was good for number of branches per plant, number of fruits per plant, number of fruits per cluster and fruit yield and SBJH-631 x Sep-034 was shown best specific combining ability for number of leaves per plant, number of flowers per plant, number of fruits per plant, total yield and fruit borer infestation characters. The additive gene components were observed to be predominant for all characters except number of branches per plant, number of leaves per plant and shoot borer infestation.
Pn Ugale, Mp Wankhade, Jd Deshmukh
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 743-746; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6k.10857

Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted to estimate the genetic variability and genetic divergence in Cowpea. Thirty-One genotypes were sown in a randomized block design with two replications, during kharif 2018 at Research farm, Department of Agricultural Botany, V.N.M.K.V. Parbhani. The objective of the experiment was to identify divergent to be used as donor parents in hybridization programmes. The observations were recorded on 12 characters viz., Plant height (cm), number of primary branches per plant, days to 50% flowering, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, mean pod weight (g), pod length (cm), pod width (cm), days to first pod harvest, 100 seed weight (g), pod yield per plant (gm), pod yield per hectare (Kg). Analysis of variance and mean performance for pod yield and its components revealed significant differences among all the genotypes for all the characters there by indicating presence of variability in genotypes studied. From correlation studies, it was observed that pod yield per plant had exhibited highly significant positive association with number of pods per plants, number of primary branches per plants, plant height and number of seeds per pod. Whereas maximum significant and negative correlation was shown by days to first pod harvest. In the present studies, the characters plant height (cm), number of primary branches per plant, days to 50% flowering, number of seeds per pod, number of pods per plant and pod length showed positive and significant correlation with pod yield per plant. Pod yield per hectare recorded high positive significant correlation with number of primary branches per plant (0.6115rg, 0.4548rp) at 1% level of significance. It also showed positive significant correlation with number of pods per plant (0.2321rg, 0.2595rp) and number of seeds per pod (0.3760rg, 0.2984rp) at both 5% and 1% levels of significance. These results are supported by Patel et al. (2016). The magnitude of genotypic correlation was higher than phenotypic correlation for all the traits that indicated inherent association between various characters.
B Bhakiyathu Saliha, C Priyanka, R Indrani
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 803-806; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6l.10867

Abstract:
Plant nutrient analysis is a valuable supplement for soil quality assessment. This research aimed to analyze the nutrient concentration (N,P,K,S) during critical growth stages of pulse crop in the varying yield zones and to compute optimum nutrient ratios required to enhance the productivity in low soil quality zone, to maximize the yield in medium quality zone and to sustain yield in high quality zone. The study was conducted in Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu (90o20'72'' N 77o20'70''E) during 2016–2018 and the soil properties at preplanting stage (Blackgram var. MDU1) and yield data at maturity stage were recorded. The average yield of 880 kg ha-1 in the high soil quality category was significantly higher than the other two zones which might be due to higher soil available nitrogen and phosphorus that reflected in the highest N and P contents in the crop. The average content of crop K in all the soil quality zones were above the critical value which is attributed to higher soil available K status. The mean sulphur concentration (0.11percent) in the low yielding zone of pulses was less than the critical value (0.2 percent) indicating deficiency status of S. The N/P, N/K and N/S ratios computed in this study 7.0, 1.26 and 11.18 respectively are to be considered as desirable nutrient ratios for obtaining higher yields of pulses and as a basis for conducting further nutrient uptake studies in similar agro climatic regions of the country.
Ashok Dhakad, Satpal Baloda, Sk Sehrawat, Jr Sharma, Susheel Sharma, Jayanti Tokas, Amit Kumar
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 733-737; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6k.10855

Abstract:
The investigation entitled “Effect of NAA and zinc sulphate application on fruit drop, yield and quality attributes of mulberry (Morus alba L.)” was conducted during 2018-19. Significant improvement in the leaves and fruit nutrient (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium and Zinc) concentrations was obtained with the foliar sprays of zinc sulphate and NAA. Maximum N, P and K content was found with the foliar spray of zinc sulphate @ 0.4 per cent and NAA @ 60 ppm, while maximum zinc content was found with the foliar spray of zinc sulphate @ 0.6 per cent and NAA @ 60 ppm.
Pb Motghare, Al Uparkar, Rs Marbate, Cn Tekade, Vg Nagdeote
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 771-775; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6k.10863

Abstract:
An investigation was conducted at College of Agriculture, Nagpur to study the effect of Weed management in drilled paddy (Oryza sativa L.) during kharif season of 2014-2015. The experiment was laid down in Randomized block design having treatments viz., Control (T1), 2 hand weeding at 20 and 40 DAS (T2), Butachlor @ 1500 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS (T3), Pretilachlor @ 750g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS(T4), 2, 4 D @ 1000 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS(T5), Pyrazosulfuron ethyl @ 25 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS(T6), Butachlor @ 1500 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + 2, 4 D @ 1000 g a.i.ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS(T7), Butachlor @ 1500 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + Pyrazosulfuron ethyl @ 25 g a.i.ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS(T8), Pretilachlor @ 750 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + 2, 4 D @ 1000 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS(T9), Pretilachlor @ 750 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + Pyrazosulfuron ethyl @ 25 g a.i.ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS(T10) thereby making Ten treatment combinations replicated three times. Rice variety PKV- Khamang was used as a test crop. Results revealed that two hand weeding at 20 and 40 DAS (T2) caused significant reduction in population of monocot and dicot weeds as compared to control and it was at par with butachlor @ 1500 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + 2,4-D @ 1000 g a.i. g ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS (T7), butachlor @ 1500 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + pyrazosulfuron ethyl @ 25 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS (T8), pretilachlor @ 750 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + 2,4-D @ 1000 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS (T9) and pretilachlor @ 750 g a.i. ha-1 + pyrazosulfuron ethyl @ 25 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS (T10). Lowest dry matter of weeds and higher weed control efficiency was recorded by treatment two hand weeding at 20 and 40 DAS (T2) and it was at par with T7, T8, T9 and T10. Maximum net return and B:C ratio were obtained by treatments two hand weeding at 20 and 40 DAS and was at par with butachlor @ 1500 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + 2,4-D @ 1000 g a.i. g ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS(T7), butachlor @ 1500 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + pyrazosulfuron ethyl @ 25 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS (T8), pretilachlor @ 750 g a.i. ha-1 at 7 DAS + 2,4-D @ 1000 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS (T9) and pretilachlor @ 750 g a.i. ha-1 + pyrazosulfuron ethyl @ 25 g a.i. ha-1 at 20 - 25 DAS (T10).
Sangmesh Chendrashekhar, Murtuza Khan, Gm Gaddi, Mahin Sharif, Mn Thimmegowda, V Manjunath
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 798-802; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6l.10866

Abstract:
The present paper intends to examine the nature, trend and determinants of Agricultural labour migration in Raichur and Yadgir districts of Karnataka. The results revealed that the majority of population were inter district migrants with the highest decadal growth rate of 68.53 per cent. And it has also used latest census 2011 data and made compared with previous census report of 2001, revealed that highest per cent of migration was in rural as compared to urban area. The most of the labourers in irrigated situation migrated near village and within the district but in rainfed situation, labour migration to other districts was relatively high. In both the situation majority of labourers migrated permentally and the frequency was highest (62.5%) in rainfed situation. The elasticity coefficients for wage rate, land holding, family size and indebtedness were significantly influencing the migration in the study area.
Sagar S Patil, Ss Balpande, Nr Mairan, Mohammad Sajid, Rm Ghodpage
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 757-762; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6k.10860

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted during rabi 2019 to know the effect of integrated nutrient management using nano phosphatic fertilizer on yield, uptake by wheat, soil fertility status and nutrient use efficiency after harvest of wheat. The field trial study showed that, the highest grain yield (3546 kg ha-1) was obtained by application of Green manuring of sun hemp + 50% RD of NP through inorganic fertilizers + spraying of 0.5% of 1000 ppm nano P suspension at tillering and flowering stage of Wheat, which is an increase by 6% over Green manuring of sun hemp + 100% RDF. Phosphorus use efficiency is recorded in between 13.43 to 35.83 % under the application of RDF alone or in combination of nano P suspension.
Maruthi B, Hanuman Nayak M, Kiran Kumar A
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 705-707; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i6j.10854

Abstract:
The present investigation was conducted to evaluate the quality attributes of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] cv. Arka Anamika
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