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Published: 6 April 2020
by MDPI
Proceedings, Volume 36; doi:10.3390/proceedings2019036152

Abstract:
The costal saline zone of West Bengal in India is the home for millions of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people. Due to gradual increase in salt accumulation on soils of the costal saline zone of West Bengal in India from winter to summer days, cultivation of the second crop in winter season becomes possible in a limited area. To address this issue, field experiment was conducted both in rainy and winter seasons of 2016–2017 and 2017–2018 in this zone to study the feasibility of incorporating different winter pulses (lentil and grass pea) in the rice based cropping system. The experiment was conducted in strip plot design having two factors namely, Factor I: Six dates of sowing of rice at an interval of one week (2nd week of June to 3rd week of July) and Factor II: Two land situations (Medium-upland and Medium-lowland). Date of sowing significantly influenced dry matter and macro-nutrients (NPK) partitioning in rice. Irrespective of land situation, crop sown on 1st and 2nd dates recorded significantly higher grain yield and macro-nutrient uptake by rice. Date of sowing of rice and land situation also significantly influenced the seed and stover yield of different pulse crops. Pulse crops sown on 1st and 2nd dates recorded significantly higher seed yield in coastal saline ecology of West Bengal, India.
Elissa L. Perry, Caryn J. Block, Debra A. Noumair
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal; doi:10.1108/edi-04-2019-0120

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Sciprofile linkAbul Kalam Azad, Sciprofile linkPeter Wanke, Mohammad Zahir Raihan, S.M. Rakibul Anwar, Riduanul Mustafa
Published: 6 April 2020
Journal of Economic Studies; doi:10.1108/jes-01-2019-0029

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Volume 21; doi:10.3390/ijms21072536

Abstract:
Based on their tunable physicochemical properties and the possibility of producing cell-specific platforms through surface modification with functional biomolecules, nanoparticles (NPs) represent highly promising tools for biomedical applications. To improve their potential under physiological conditions and to enhance their cellular uptake, combinations with cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) represent a valuable strategy. CPPs are often cationic peptide sequences that are able to translocate across biological membranes and to carry attached cargos inside cells and have thus been recognized as versatile tools for drug delivery. Nevertheless, the conjugation of CPP to NP surfaces is dependent on many properties from both individual components, and further insight into this complex interplay is needed to allow for the fabrication of highly stable but functional vectors. Since CPPs per se are nonselective and enter nearly all cells likewise, additional decoration of NPs with homing devices, such as tumor-homing peptides, enables the design of multifunctional platforms for the targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs. In this review, we have updated the recent advances in the field of CPP-NPs, focusing on synthesis strategies, elucidating the influence of different physicochemical properties, as well as their application in cancer research.
Xuejie Yue, Woyuan Li, Zhangdi Li, Fengxian Qiu, Jianming Pan, Sciprofile linkTao Zhang
Published: 6 April 2020
Chemical Engineering Science, Volume 215; doi:10.1016/j.ces.2019.115450

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 6 April 2020
Knowledge-Based Systems, Volume 193; doi:10.1016/j.knosys.2019.105406

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 17; doi:10.3390/ijerph17072490

Abstract:
Emergency nurses frequently encounter uncertainty and changes during the management of emerging infectious diseases, which challenge their capability to perform their duties in a well-planned and systematic manner. To date, little is known about the coping strategies adopted by emergency nurses in addressing uncertainty and changes during an epidemic event. The present study explored emergency nurses’ behaviours and strategies in handling uncertainty and practice changes during an epidemic event. A qualitative study based on the Straussian grounded theory approach was established. Semi-structured, face-to-face, individual interviews were conducted with 26 emergency nurses for data collection. Adapting protocol to the evolving context of practice was revealed as the core category. Four interplaying subcategories were identified: (1) Completing a comprehensive assessment, (2) continuing education for emerging infectious disease management, (3) incorporating guideline updates and (4) navigating new duties and competencies. The nurses demonstrated the prudence to orientate themselves to an ambiguous work situation and displayed the ability to adapt and embrace changes in their practice and duties. These findings offer insights into the need for education and training schemes that allow emergency nurses to acquire and develop the necessary decision-making and problem-solving skills to handle a public health emergency.
Published: 6 April 2020
by MDPI
Proceedings, Volume 36; doi:10.3390/proceedings2019036151

Abstract:
In soybean cropping, sulfonylurea (SU) herbicides are a potentially useful alternative to glyphosate-based herbicides. Normally, soybeans are susceptible to SU herbicides, but two unlinked non-GMO genes (ALS1 and ALS2), have been identified that confer SU tolerance. In this project, we explored the effectiveness of these genes in Australian soybean genetic backgrounds. Four lines, carrying both ALS1 and ALS2, were derived by backcrossing different Australian genotypes to a SU-tolerance donor line ‘W4-4’ and then using molecular markers, plants homozygous for both ALS genes were selected. The W4-4 donor and the four derived lines were evaluated in a hydroponic system at increments up to 4× the recommended field rate of metsulfuron-methyl. The ALS genes provided high levels of tolerance, with evidence of some minor interaction with the genetic background. To further test whether there was an effect of background, the five lines were crossed together in a half-diallel mating design and the resulting ten F2 populations were screened hydroponically for tolerance to metsulfuron-methyl herbicide at 4× the recommended field rate. Analyses of seedling dry weight of the five parental lines and their F2 progeny in response to the herbicide, identified differences among the crosses. These results indicated that the development of commercial varieties with maximum herbicide tolerance requires incorporation of both ALS genes, and if combined with selection in segregating populations in the presence of SU herbicide may capture additional tolerance from background genes of minor effect.
Marlos O. Ribas, Fernando P. Devecchi, Gilberto M. Kremer
International Journal of Modern Physics A; doi:10.1142/s0217751x2050044x

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
David J. Robertson
Published: 6 April 2020
Natural Areas Journal, Volume 40; doi:10.3375/043.040.0213

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